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1.
Int. j. pediatr. otorhinolaryngol ; 131: 1-29, Apr., 2020. ilus.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1052848

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the eating behavior, orofacial, speech myofunctional conditions, and facial temperature of children with congenital heart disease. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional and analytical study. The sample consisted of 30 children with heart disease (cyanotic or acyanotic; mean of 5.48 ± 0.84 years old) and 28 healthy children (4.98 ± 0.64 years old). Parents were given a questionnaire to assess eating behaviors (Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale). The orofacial myofunctional assessment protocol (OMES-E), the Child Language Test (ABFW), and thermography infrared of facial temperature were used. Data analysis was conducted by student's t-tests, Chi-square, logistic regression, and correlation analysis. RESULTS: Eating behavior in Parents did not perceive eating behavior differences between the heart disease and control groups. However, the percentage of children with some feeding difficulty was higher in the heart disease group. There was a difference between groups regarding the appearance and posture of structures, the mobility of the mandibular and cheek, swallowing function, and the total function score. Thermographic variables did not differ between the groups, but better performance in orofacial functions correlated with the temperature of the labial commissure and lower lip points. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of children with eating difficulties was higher among those with congenital heart disease, as was the increased facial temperature at the medial eyelid commission point when submitted to interventional procedures. The orofacial myofunctional aspects showed changes in posture and position, mobility, and orofacial functions among children with heart disease as compared to the control group. There was a correlation between the temperature of the thermo-anatomical points of the labial commissure and the lower lip as well as the OMES-E function score. (AU)


Assuntos
Fonoterapia , Sistema Estomatognático , Termografia , Comportamento Alimentar
2.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 29(57): 25-31, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051032

RESUMO

El síndrome de Down (SD) es un trastorno genético que se caracteriza por la presencia de un grado variable de discapacidad cognitiva, rasgos y características físicas peculiares, que también, repercuten a nivel estomatognático. Los autores presentamos un estudio clínico y descriptivo, detallando las características odontológicas y estomatognáticas más prevalentemente diagnosticadas en ochenta (80) pacientes que presentan SD, atendidos durante el lapso de 2 años en el consultorio externo del Hospital Bollini, ubicado en el Instituto Psicopedagógico Especial de la Ciudad de La Plata. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar las manifestaciones clínico­epidemiológicas del paciente con SD, y cómo estas repercuten en el funcionamiento y estructura del sistema estomatognático (AU)


Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic disorder characterized by the presence of a variable degree of cognitive disability, features and peculiar physical characteristics, affecting them at the stomatognathic level. We present a clinical and descriptive study, detailing the dental and stomatognathic characteristics most prevalently diagnosed in 80 eighty patients with SD, treated during a period of 2 years in the outpatient clinic of Hospital Bollini, located in The Special Psycopedagogical Institute of the city of La Plata Our the objetive was evaluate the clinical and epidemiological manifestastations of the patient's of SD, and how these affect functioning and structure of the stomatognatic system (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Sistema Estomatognático , Síndrome de Down/complicações , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências , Argentina , Anormalidades Dentárias , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Unidade Hospitalar de Odontologia
3.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 19(3): 621-630, Jul.-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041089

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives: To investigate full term newborns suction pattern in non-nutritive suction and their feeding performance. Methods: An analytical descriptive study was carried out from November 2016 to March 2017, with 50 dyads mothers/newborns through the non-nutritive suction evaluation and a direct observation on the newborn's performance on feeding. The data were distributed through simple and relative frequencies (percentages) when categorical or by mean, maximum, minimum and the standard deviation when is continuous, discrete or ordinal. To evaluate the mean differences, the Student's t test was used with significance level of 5%. Results: There were significant differences among the newborn's mandible movement ("newborn's mouth slightly open" p=0,005), suction ("cheek strain during feeding" p<0,001) and dyad mother and newborn positioning ("breasts supported with fingers on the areola" p=0,041 and baby's neck or trunk turned" p=0,041). Conclusions: Newborns that presented changes in their mandible movement on the Non-Nutritive Suction (NNS) also presented difficulties in feeding. The newborn's knowledge on suction pattern through the NNS has proven to be an important strategy that may help identify possible difficulties during feeding.


Resumo Objetivos: investigar o padrão de sucção de recém-nascidos a termo na sucção não-nutritiva e sua relação com o desempenho destes na mamada. Métodos: estudo descritivo analítico, realizado de novembro de 2016 a março de 2017, com 50 díades mãe/recém-nascido, mediante avaliação da sucção não-nutritiva e observação direta do desempenho do recém-nascido na mamada. Os dados foram descritos por meio de frequências simples e relativas (percentuais) quando categóricas ou média, máximo, mínimo e desvio padrão quando contínuas, discretas ou ordinais. Para avaliar diferenças de média foi utilizado o teste T de Student com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: houve diferenças significativas entre movimentação da mandíbula do recém-nascido e aspectos da pega ("boca do bebê pouco aberta" p=0,005), sucção ("esforço da bochecha durante a mamada" p<0,001) e posicionamento da díade mãe e recém-nascido ("mamas apoiadas com os dedos na aréola" p=0,041 e bebê com pescoço ou tronco torcidos" p=0,041). Conclusões: recém-nascidos que apresentaram alterações na movimentação da mandíbula na Sucção Não Nutritiva (SNN) tiveram também dificuldade na realização da mamada. O conhecimento do padrão de sucção do recém-nascido, através da avaliação da SNN mostrou-se como estratégia importante que pode auxiliar na identificação de possíveis dificuldades do recém-nascido durante a mamada.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Comportamento de Sucção , Sucção , Aleitamento Materno , Nascimento a Termo , Sistema Estomatognático , Saúde Materno-Infantil , Mandíbula/fisiologia , Leite Humano
4.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 317-321, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040028

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Chewing and swallowing are physiologically interconnected functions, which share motor structures and supranuclear regions of the central nervous system (CNS), involving a sensorimotor synchrony. Objective To analyze the influence of masticatory behavior on muscular compensations in the oral phase of swallowing in smokers compared with nonsmokers. Methods A cross-sectional study comparing smokers and nonsmokers composed of 24 participants in each group. The aspects of food crunching, masticatory pattern, masticatory speed, atypical muscular contractions, and lip closure were analyzed during mastication. In swallowing, aspects of contraction of the orbicular and mental muscles, head movement and presence of deglutition, mastication, smoking, and of stomatognathic system of residues after swallowing were characterized. Results Statistically significant differences were identified between the study groups related to food grinding pattern, masticatory velocity, and mental contraction during swallowing. There was no significant association between masticatory function and compensations during swallowing. Conclusion Differences were observed in the pattern of chewing and swallowing in smokers compared with nonsmokers, but no influence of masticatory performance was observed in the presence of muscle compensations during the oral phase of swallowing.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Deglutição/fisiologia , Mastigação/fisiologia , Músculos da Mastigação/fisiologia , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiologia , Estudo Comparativo , Estudos Transversais , Fumantes , Contração Muscular/fisiologia
5.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1009749

RESUMO

Através de uma Revisão da Literatura, o trabalho busca consolidar informações sobre o desenvolvimento do sistema estomatognático, durante a vida intrauterina. Foram realizadas pesquisas sobre o tema abordado, nas seguintes bases de dados: Scielo, Medline; Bireme; Google Acadêmico e o PubMed, no intervalo de tempo de agosto de 2006 a junho de 2017. Livros publicados no mesmo período também foram consultados. Foram selecionados os artigos em português ou inglês, que contemplaram assuntos inerentes ao estudo. O desenvolvimento do sistema estomatognático acontece a partir do primeiro mês gestacional. A exposição materna a fatores de risco como infecções, traumatismos, desnutrição e consumo de drogas, pode deixar sequelas no feto, comprometendo estruturas e funções buco-dentais.


Through a Literature Review, this work aims to consolidate information about the development of the stomatognathic system during the intrauterine life. The development of the stomatognathic system happens from the first gestational month. Maternal exposure to risk factors, such as infections, trauma, malnutrition, drug use, may leave sequels in the fetus and may compromise buccal-dental structures and functions.


Assuntos
Humanos , Gravidez , Sistema Estomatognático , Gravidez , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Odontogênese
6.
Codas ; 31(3): e20180183, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066751

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to characterize the orofacial myofunctional profile of patients with sleep disorders and to relate them to the severity of the polysomnography result. METHODS: A cross-sectional, field study of patients referred to polysomnography with a random sample of adult patients of both genders complaining of snoring who were not receiving any form of treatment for sleep disorder. An anthroposcopic speech-language evaluation was performed and the results of the polysomnography examination were collected in order to respond to the objectives of the study. RESULTS: There was a significant association between the severity of the sleep disorder and environmental variables, such as smoking and alcoholism; also with individual characteristics, such as race, body mass index, waist circumference and systemic arterial hypertension. From the point of view of the myofunctional characteristics, there was a positive relationship between the severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Hypopnea Syndrome with mental muscle contraction, Mallampati class, tongue dorsum elevation, tongue thickness, uvula characteristics, extension and mobility of the soft palate, and alteration in the respiratory pattern. CONCLUSION: This study made it possible to describe a trend of the existence of orofacial myofunctional alterations in individuals with Sleep Apnea and Obstructive Hypopnea Syndrome and also revealed that the greater the degree of impairment of orofacial structures, the greater the degree of disturbance is also revealed.


Assuntos
Polissonografia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/etiologia , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(1): 13-18, jan.-abr. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-995147

RESUMO

O registro da relação maxilo-mandibular (RMM) é considerado um passo crítico na confecção de novas próteses totais (PT) pois exige uma precisão técnica capaz de permitir o seu reestabelecimento, de forma confortável e equilibrada com a musculatura oral. O registro é obtido em dois planos, um vertical e outro horizontal: o plano vertical é determinado pela dimensão vertical (DV) e o plano horizontal é estabelecido pela relação cêntrica (RC). Ambos recuperam o suporte labial, altura incisal, linha do sorriso e o corredor bucal de forma natural e personalizada. Esse registro pode ser obtido, iniciando pelo arco inferior, seguindo a fisiologia e anatomia orofacial. Nessa técnica, considerase três princípios fisiológicos: crista alveolar, situada sobre o rebordo alveolar, musculatura relacionada que determinará o corredor bucal e posição lingual do rodete e a linha úmida do lábio inferior que determinará a altura do rodete inferior. Dessa forma, este trabalho tem por objetivo descrever por meio de condução de caso clínico a técnica de restabelecimento da RMM em paciente edentado bimaxilar iniciando pelo arco inferior(AU)


The maxillo-mandibular relation (MMR) is considered a critical step in the preparation of new complete denture (CD), since it requires a technical precision capable of allowing its reestablishment, in a comfortable and balanced way with the oral musculature. The register is obtained in two planes, one vertical and one horizontal: the vertical plane is determined by the vertical dimension (VD) and the horizontal plane is established by the centric relation (CR). Both recover the lip support, incisal height, smile line and buccal corridor in a natural and personalized way. This record can be obtained, beginning with the lower arch, following the physiology and orofacial anatomy. In this technique, three physiological principles are considered: alveolar crest, located on the alveolar ridge, related musculature that will determine the buccal corridor and the lingual position of the wax rim and the humid line of the lower lip which will determine the height of the lower wax rim. Thus, this study aims to describe, by way of conducting a clinical case, the technique of restoration of RMM in a bimaxillary edentulous patient starting with the inferior arch(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Prótese Total , Registro da Relação Maxilomandibular , Dimensão Vertical , Sistema Estomatognático , Arcada Parcialmente Edêntula
8.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 24(2): e165-e171, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurodegenerative diseases that affect the cerebellum, especially in elderly individuals, cause impairment of motor coordination and quality of life. The presente study evaluated the electromyographic activity and thickness of the right and left masseter and temporal muscles, and the maximum molar bite force of individuals with spinocerebellar ataxia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-eight individuals were divided into two groups: those with (n=14) and without (n=14) spinocerebellar ataxia. Data on the masticatory muscles obtained from the electromyographic activity (resting, right and left laterality and protrusion), muscle thickness (maximal voluntary contraction and tensile strength) and maximum bite force (right and left) were tabulated and descriptive analysis using Student's t-test (P ≤ 0.05). RESULTS: In the comparison between groups, greater electromyographic activity was demonstrated for individuals with spinocerebellar ataxia, with a statistically significant difference in protrusion and laterality for the temporal muscles (P = 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups for masticatory muscles thickness in the conditions evaluated. For maximum molar bite force, the group with spinocerebellar ataxia showed lower bite force (P ≤ 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The data obtained suggest that spinocerebellar ataxia promotes functional reduction in the stomatognathic system, mainly affecting the electromyographic activity and bite force, hindering chewing, with a resultant alteration of nutritional intake and a decrease of quality of life.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/fisiopatologia , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Oclusão Dentária , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Lateralidade Funcional , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Músculo Masseter/fisiopatologia , Mastigação , Músculos da Mastigação/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Molar , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Músculo Temporal/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia
9.
Codas ; 31(1): e20180109, 2019 Mar 07.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30843925

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To perform the expansion, validation of the content, criterion and construct of an orofacial myofunctional assessment protocol for individuals with cleft lip and palate; and to define evaluation parameters for the instrument use. METHODS: The expansion of the instrument was performed based on the MBGR protocol; the items, sub items and possibilities of answers of the amplified instrument were analyzed for their clarity by seven examiners for the content validation.. Assessment parameters were developed for the use of the instrument in order to minimize the subjectivity. Four examiners compared the aspects of the protocol to those of another instrument for the criterion validation, and the construct validation was performed comparing the results of pre and post orthognathic surgery treatment. The Content Validation Index and the Kappa, Spearman and Wilcoxon Correlation tests were applied for the validations. RESULTS: The mobility, tonicity and sensitivity aspects of the evaluation were added to the protocol and at content validation, 72% of the items were classified as very clear and 28% as clear. A manual with assessment parameters for all items and sub items of the protocol was constructed. The inter-examiner agreement was moderate. In the comparison of the protocols, for the validation of the criterion, a good relation among them was observed. For the validation of the construct the protocol was able to identify outcome after the treatment. CONCLUSION: The protocol was expanded and considered validated in its entirety: content, criterion and construct, and evaluation parameters for its use were established.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/fisiopatologia , Fissura Palatina/fisiopatologia , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiopatologia , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos
10.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 24(2): e165-e171, mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-180639

RESUMO

Background: Neurodegenerative diseases that affect the cerebellum, especially in elderly individuals, cause im¬pairment of motor coordination and quality of life. The presente study evaluated the electromyographic activity and thickness of the right and left masseter and temporal muscles, and the maximum molar bite force of individu¬als with spinocerebellar ataxia. Material and Methods: Twenty-eight individuals were divided into two groups: those with (n=14) and without (n=14) spinocerebellar ataxia. Data on the masticatory muscles obtained from the electromyographic activity (resting, right and left laterality and protrusion), muscle thickness (maximal voluntary contraction and tensile strength) and maximum bite force (right and left) were tabulated and descriptive analysis using Student’s t-test (P ≤ 0.05). Results: In the comparison between groups, greater electromyographic activity was demonstrated for individuals with spinocerebellar ataxia, with a statistically significant difference in protrusion and laterality for the temporal muscles (P = 0.05). T here was no statistically significant d ifference b etween t he g roups for m asticatory muscles thickness in the conditions evaluated. For maximum molar bite force, the group with spinocerebellar ataxia showed lower bite force (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusions: The data obtained suggest that spinocerebellar ataxia promotes functional reduction in the stomatognathic system, mainly affecting the electromyographic activity and bite force, hindering chewing, with a resultant alteration of nutritional intake and a decrease of quality of life


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ataxias Espinocerebelares/fisiopatologia , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiopatologia , Músculos da Mastigação/fisiopatologia , Perfil de Impacto da Doença , Eletromiografia , Força de Mordida , Músculo Masseter/fisiopatologia , Músculo Temporal/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Casos e Controles
11.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(1): 63-77, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991326

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: la relación entre las maloclusiones y la postura del sistema cráneo cervical ha generado un interés creciente entre los ortodontistas. Objetivo: describir la relación entre la oclusión dentaria y la postura del sistema cráneo-cervical en niños con maloclusiones clase II y clase III. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal. El universo estuvo formado por 19 niños, de 7 a 12 años, con maloclusiones clase II y III de Angle. Ingresados en el Servicio de Ortodoncia de la Facultad de Estomatología de La Habana, en octubre del 2016. Se realizó examen bucal y telerradiografía. Los resultados se presentaron en tablas. Resultados: predominó la clase II de Angle, donde la distoclusión molar fue más marcada en el lado derecho (-2,95 mm) y en la clase III la mesioclusión mayor correspondió al izquierdo (2,25 mm como promedio). En ambas predominó la ½ unidad (36,8 % en clase II). El ángulo cráneo-vertebral y el espacio suboccipital estuvieron dentro del rango normal; 104,65º y 7,99 mm, en clase II y en clase III, 103,78º y 6,90 mm como promedio. La profundidad de la columna cervical fue 6,26 mm y 6,20 mm respectivamente; lo que significó una rectificación de columna cervical. Conclusiones: se encontró más frecuente la clase II de Angle. La posición de la cabeza fue normal en ambas clases y la columna cervical rectificada. Se identificaron relaciones inversas entre la magnitud de la maloclusión con la posición de la cabeza y la columna cervical.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the relationship between malocclusions and the crania-cervical system posture has generated a a growing interest among orthodontists. Objective: to describe the relationship between dental occlusion and the position of the crania-cervical system in children with class II and class III malocclusions. Materials and methods: cross-sectional, descriptive study. The universe was 19 children, aged from 7 to 12 years, class II and III Angle's malocclusions, admitted in the Orthodontics service of the Faculty of Stomatology of Havana in October 2016. Oral examination and teleradiography were performed. The results were presented in tables. Results: Class II of Angle predominated, where the molar distoclusion was more marked on the right side (-2.95 mm) and in class III the greater mesioclusion corresponded to the left (2.25 mm as average). In both, the ½ unit predominated (36.8% in Class II). The cranio-vertebral angle and the suboccipital space were within the normal range; 104.65º and 7.99 mm in class II and in class III 103.78º and 6.90 mm as average. The depth of the cervical spine was 6.26 mm and 6.20 mm respectively; which meant a rectification of the cervical spine. Conclusions: Angle's Class II was found more frequent. The position of the head was normal in both classes and also the rectified cervical spine. Inverse relationships were identified between the magnitude of the malocclusion and the position of the head and cervical spine. The objective of this work is to present a clinical case and the importance of a nurse intervention.


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Crânio/fisiopatologia , Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiopatologia , Oclusão Dentária , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/diagnóstico , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/diagnóstico , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Transversais
12.
J Oral Rehabil ; 46(4): 388-397, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30664820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the past few years, growing interest was given to the relationship between the dental occlusion and the body balance. While most research focused on this relationship at static conditions, it is evident that the contribution of the sensory information for balance control is different depending on the environmental constraints. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of the present paper was to elucidate whether the stomatognathic system (SS) contributes differently on body balance regulation according to the presence of external disturbances. METHODS: Literature regarding the different sources involved in the proprioceptive information to the SS was reviewed. The influence of dental occlusion on balance control at different external environments was then explored. RESULTS: The main findings are: (a) a plausible evidence between the masticatory and cervical muscles can be described; (b) a reciprocal connection between the trigeminal and vestibular nuclei supports the influence of the SS on body balance; (c) traditionally, research involving the relationship between the SS and balance control has focused on strictly controlled situations, thus, ignoring the sensory reweighting which occurs depending on the external disturbances; and (d) the afferences of dental occlusion for balance control seem strengthened when more difficult conditions are present. CONCLUSION: Results of the present review suggest that afferent signals from dental occlusion effectively contribute to balance control when more external perturbations are present, that is unstable support surface, fatigue and tasks being performed. However, more studies are needed to elucidate the mechanisms by which dental occlusion may influence balance control focusing on different external environments.


Assuntos
Oclusão Dentária , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Má Oclusão/fisiopatologia , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiopatologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Lateralidade Funcional/fisiologia , Humanos
13.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 30(1): 59-67, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30500094

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the masticatory efficiency (ME), maximum voluntary bite force (MBF), masseter muscle thickness (MMT), and salivary flow rates (SFR) in completely edentulous dependent elders treated either with a conversion of their existing mandibular complete removable dental prostheses (CRDPs) into a two-implant overdenture (IOD) or a conventional reline of the CRDP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were randomly allocated into intervention (IG) and control (CG) groups. The IG received two implants in the mandibular canine regions, and their CRDPs were transformed into IODs. The CG received a conventional reline of their mandibular CRDPs. Outcomes were recorded at each recall visit (baseline, immediately, 3 months, 12 months after intervention, and subsequently on an annual basis). Statistical analyses used mixed linear regression models (level of significance: p < 0.05). RESULTS: The IG comprised 16 participants (age = 85.0 ± 6.2 years), while the CG comprised 16 (age = 84.8 ± 5.4 years), with a mean follow-up of 2.7 ± 2.2 years (range: 3 months-7 years). A significant increase of MBF in the IG was observed with an overall gain of 80 N (p < 0.001) compared with the reline group. There were no significant long-term changes in SFR, MMT, or ME within/between groups. CONCLUSION: Since dependent elders with mandibular IODs present a significant gain in MBF, but no relative increase in SFR, MMT, and ME, it seems that this increased capacity of MBF is not exploited by the elders during their habitual chewing.


Assuntos
Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Reembasamento de Dentadura , Revestimento de Dentadura , Mastigação/fisiologia , Saliva/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Força de Mordida , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Músculo Masseter/anatomia & histologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiologia
14.
J Prosthet Dent ; 121(4): 631-636, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30503152

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: About 10% of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are candidates for oral treatment specifically because of traumatic injuries in the lips, cheeks, or tongue due to self-biting. However, patients with ALS have a prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) similar to that in the general population. PURPOSE: The purpose of this case-series study was to determine the degree of satisfaction of patients with ALS with an oral appliance for managing oral self-biting lesions or symptoms related to TMDs. This study also assessed the degree of improvement of the chief complaint and the compliance with and adverse effects of this treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eleven patients with ALS who sought oral treatment because of oral self-biting or TMD-related symptoms were included. A custom complete-coverage acrylic resin device was fabricated and fitted to each participant. A follow-up visit was planned for 3 months after the placement of the oral appliance, at which point the patients would rate the degree of improvement or worsening of the chief complaint and their degree of satisfaction with the treatment. A 1-sample t test was used to assess whether the degree of improvement of the chief complaint was significant. RESULTS: Participants reported a mean of 61% (95% confidence interval [CI] 38% to 84%) improvement of the chief complaint and a mean of 84% (95% CI 72% to 97%) satisfaction with the treatment. The mean rate of compliance was 62% (95% CI 40% to 84%) of the recommended time, and only a few adverse effects were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Participants with ALS were highly satisfied with the use of an oral appliance to manage oral self-biting or TMD-related symptoms. Adherence to this treatment was high, and no major adverse effects were observed.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Satisfação Pessoal , Sistema Estomatognático , Língua
15.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 24: e2077, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001363

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivos Investigar estudos sobre o tratamento das queimaduras em cabeça e pescoço, nas diversas áreas da saúde envolvidas na assistência a queimados (médica, enfermagem, fonoaudiologia, fisioterapia e terapia ocupacional), avaliando a eficácia das técnicas empregadas, principalmente no que se refere à reabilitação da funcionalidade da musculatura em cabeça e pescoço. Estratégia de pesquisa Os artigos foram selecionados por meio da base de dados PubMed, utilizando os descritores "burn and face and speech-language pathology", "burn and face and speech language", "burn and face and rehabilitation", "burn and face and myofunctional rehabilitation", "burn and face and myofunctional therapy", "nonsurgical and scar and management", "burn and face and nonsurgical" e "burn and face and scar and management". Critérios de seleção Foram incluídos artigos que investigaram os tratamentos das queimaduras em cabeça e pescoço, associados à reabilitação da funcionalidade da musculatura em cabeça e pescoço, utilizando exercícios musculares e/ou terapias manuais. Resultados A maioria dos tratamentos descritos apresentou efeitos benéficos para pacientes com queimaduras. Foi observada grande variabilidade da metodologia adotada para a aplicação e verificação dos efeitos dos tratamentos. Conclusão Apesar do crescente número de pesquisas, ainda não existe consenso quanto à melhor técnica terapêutica e ao real benefício de cada uma delas. Existe uma grande diversidade nos protocolos de tratamento, sendo que um número pequeno de estudos de tratamento visa a funcionalidade do sistema miofuncional orofacial. A maioria dos estudos tem, como foco, atividades motoras isoladas, que visam à mobilidade mandibular.


ABSTRACT Purpose Analyze studies addressing the treatment of head and neck burns in different fields of health care, especially treatments that involve the functional rehabilitation of the head and neck muscles. Research strategy This qualitative review of the literature analyzed international scientific publications in the PubMed database that used the following keywords: "burn and face and speech-language pathology", "burn and face and speech language", "burn and face and rehabilitation", "burn and face and myofunctional rehabilitation", "burn and face and myofunctional therapy", "nonsurgical and scar and management", "burn and face and nonsurgical", and "burn and face and scar and management". Selection criteria Scientific publications on treatment strategies for head and neck burns associated to functional rehabilitation of the head and neck muscles using muscle exercises and/or manual therapy were included in this study. Results Overall, most of the treatments described in the investigated studies presented positive outcomes for patients with head and neck burns. The studies showed wide variability in terms of treatment proposals and methodologies used to verify treatment efficacy. Conclusion Although a growing number of publications on the rehabilitation of head and neck burns were observed, the best therapeutic technique and its real benefits remain unclear. There is a wide range of treatment protocols, and very few focus on the functional treatment of the orofacial myofunctional system. Most of the studies propose isolated motor activities to improve the mandibular range of movements.


Assuntos
Humanos , Queimaduras/reabilitação , Terapia Miofuncional , Cabeça , Pescoço , Sistema Estomatognático , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas
16.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 24: e2079, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011379

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Pesquisar a existência de associação entre os aspectos da avaliação clínica da língua. Métodos Estudo transversal observacional, com 80 crianças brasileiras, saudáveis, faixa etária entre 8 e 12 anos, sendo 36 (45%) do gênero masculino e 44 (55%) do gênero feminino. Foram avaliados aspectos da língua relacionados à morfologia, frênulo, mobilidade, praxias e força. Foram obtidas as associações entre os aspectos da avaliação clínica, considerando nível de significância de 5%. Resultados Houve associação entre largura e altura; entre extensão do frênulo e as provas de sugar a língua no palato, vibrar, protrair/retrair e tocar comissuras direita e esquerda e lábios superior e inferior e entre a fixação do frênulo no assoalho da boca e as provas de sugar a língua no palato e vibrar. A prova de estalar ápice de língua apresentou associação com estalar o corpo. Estalar a língua (ápice ou corpo) apresentou associação com sugar a língua no palato, vibrar, protrair/retrair, tocar comissuras direita e esquerda e lábios superior e inferior e força. A prova de sugar a língua no palato apresentou associação com vibrar, protrair/retrair, tocar comissuras direita e esquerda e lábios superior e inferior e força de língua e a prova de vibrar a língua, com protrair e retrair e força de língua. Também houve associação entre protrair e retrair e tocar comissuras direita e esquerda e lábios superior e inferior. Conclusão Os aspectos da língua na avaliação clínica apresentaram associações entre si.


ABSTRACT Purpose Investigate the possible association between myofunctional aspects of the tongue clinical evaluation. Methods Observational, cross-sectional study conducted with 80 healthy Brazilian schoolchildren aged 8-12 years: 36 (45%) males and 44 (55%) females. The following aspects of the tongue were assessed: morphology, frenulum, mobility, praxis, and force. Association between the aspects of clinical evaluation was obtained considering a statistical significance level of 5%. Results The following associations were observed: between tongue width and height; between frenulum length and the tasks of sucking the tongue on palate, tongue vibration, tongue protrusion/retraction, and touching right and left commissures and upper and lower lips; between frenulum attachment to the floor of the mouth and the tasks of sucking tongue on palate and tongue vibration. In the snap task, tongue apex snap was associated with tongue body snap. Tongue snap (apex or body) was associated with sucking the tongue on palate, tongue vibration, tongue protrusion/retraction, touching right and left commissures and upper and lower lips, and tongue force. Sucking tongue on palate was associated with tongue vibration, tongue protrusion/retraction, touching right and left commissures and upper and lower lips, and tongue force. Tongue vibration was associated with tongue protrusion/retraction and tongue force. Association was also observed between the tongue protrusion/retraction task and touching right and left commissures and upper and lower lips. Conclusion Association between tongue aspects was verified in the clinical evaluation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Língua/anatomia & histologia , Sistema Estomatognático , Terapia Miofuncional , Freio Lingual , Palato , Força de Mordida , Estudos Transversais , Músculos da Mastigação
17.
Full dent. sci ; 10(38): 55-60, 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-996347

RESUMO

O tórus mandibular é um tipo de alteração anatômica que acomete a tábua óssea lingual localizada normalmente na região dos pré-molares e molares inferiores, geralmente assintomático. Clinicamente é observado através da protuberância na face lingual da mandíbula e confirmado com exames complementares de imagens. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo descrever o tratamento do tórus mandibular volumoso com indicação cirúrgica desde o diagnóstico ao pós-operatório. Paciente do gênero feminino, 40 anos, leucoderma, foi encaminhada para o serviço de cirurgia bucomaxilofacial como queixa principal de dor ao falar, dificuldade de deglutição e interposição lingual. Clinicamente, havia presença de aumento de volume multilobular nos dois lados da mandíbula. Nos exames imaginológicos, foram observadas imagens radiopacas circunscritas, com forma arredondada e sobrepostas ao terço médio das raízes dos dentes indicando diagnóstico clínico e imaginológico de tórus mandibular. Diante da indicação, foi realizada a remoção cirúrgica. A remoção cirúrgica de tórus mandibular restabeleceu as funções do sistema estomatognático, melhorando a mastigação, fonação e deglutição (AU).


Mandibular torus is a type of anatomical alteration that affects the lingual bone plate usually located in the region of the premolars and mandibular molars, generally asymptomatic. Clinically it is observed through the protuberance on the lingual aspect of the mandible and confirmed with complementary imaging tests. This study aimed to describe the treatment of large mandibular torus with surgical indication from diagnosis to postoperative. Female patient, 40 years old, leucoderma, was referred to the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery as the main complaint of pain when speaking, difficulty in swallowing, and lingual interposition. Clinically, there was presence of multilobular volume increase on both sides of the mandible. Imaging examinations revealed circumscribed rounded shape radiopaque images overlapping the middle third of the teeth roots indicating clinical and imaging diagnosis of mandibular torus. Due to clinical indication, the surgical removal was performed. The surgical removal of the mandibular torus reestablished the functions of the stomatognatic system, improving mastication, phonation, and deglutition (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Cirurgia Bucal , Sistema Estomatognático , Exostose/patologia , Diagnóstico Bucal/métodos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Brasil , Relatos de Casos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/instrumentação
18.
Distúrb. comun ; 30(4): 748-758, dez. 2018. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-995902

RESUMO

O envelhecimento populacional vem despertando o interesse crescente em todas as áreas da Ciência e a Fonoaudiologia, seguindo esse percurso, vem se aprofundando na área da Gerontologia. Objetiva-se estabelecer uma busca quanto à atuação fonoaudiológica junto ao idoso. Foi realizado estudo retrospectivo, por meio de referências literárias dos últimos dez anos nas bases de dados: Scielo e Lilacs. Este estudo procura constatar a diversidade das pesquisas fonoaudiológicas que estudam a qualidade de vida na senescência e o envelhecimento ativo. A literatura descreve a Fonoaudiologia contribuindo para os avanços e redefinindo condutas, os quais visam favorecer o processo de envelhecimento.


The oldest population has attracted a growing interest in all science and Speech-LanguagePathology and Audiology areas, following its way and has been gathering strength in the Gerontology field. The objective is to establish a search about the speech therapy for the elderly. It was made a study by literary references through the last ten years in databases: Lilacs and SciELO. This study aims to observe the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology diversity researches that study the life quality in senescence and active aging. The literature describes Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology contributing to the progress and redefining behaviors, which aim to favor the aging process.


El envejecimiento poblacional viene despertando el interés creciente en todas las áreas de la Ciencia y la Fonoaudiología siguiendo ese recorrido, viene profundizando en el área de la Gerontología. Se pretende establecer una búsqueda en cuanto a la actuación fonoaudiológica junto al anciano. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, a través de referencias literarias de los últimos diez años en las bases de datos: Scielo y Lilacs. Este estudio busca constatar la diversidad de las investigaciones fonoaudiológicas que estudian la calidad de vida en la senescencia y el envejecimiento activo. La literatura describe la Fonoaudiología contribuyendo a los avances y redefiniendo conductas, los cuales apuntan a favorecer el proceso de envejecimiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Voz , Sistema Estomatognático , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Audiologia , Fonoaudiologia , Linguagem
19.
Braz Dent J ; 29(4): 368-373, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462763

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common cancer affecting women in the world and provides functional changes in the human body. Evaluate women submitted to unilateral mastectomy, through electromyographic activity (mandibular rest, right and left laterality, protrusion, maximum voluntary contraction with and without Parafilm, habitual and non-habitual mastication) and thickness (rest and maximum voluntary contraction) of the right temporal muscle (RT), left temporal (LT), right masseter (RM) and left masseter (LM), also the molar bite force (right and left) and compare the data with healthy women. Material and Methods: 32 women were divided into two groups: unilateral mastectomy group (MG), average ± standard deviation 56.50±14.50 years (n=16) and without the disease group (CG), average ± standard deviation 56.56±14.15 years (n=16). The normalized electromyographic data, muscle thickness and maximal molar bite force were tabulated and submitted to statistical analysis (SPSS 21.0; student t test, p≤0.05). Significant statistical differences between MG and CG were found in right laterality, for RM (p=0.02); left laterality, for LT (p=0.01); chewing with peanuts, for RM (p=0.04); chewing with raisins, for LM (p=0.04) and right molar bite force (p=0.03). There was no statistically significant difference between MG and CG for muscle thickness. The results of this study suggest that women undergoing unilateral mastectomy may present functional changes, with emphasis on muscular hyperactivity, lower masticatory efficiency and lower maxillary bite force.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia/métodos , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Força de Mordida , Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Músculo Masseter/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Temporal/fisiopatologia
20.
Rev. chil. fonoaudiol. (En línea) ; 17: 1-16, nov. 2018. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-966492

RESUMO

Las quemaduras constituyen lesiones traumáticas que comprometen la piel. Aquellas que involucran la región facial son las más complejas, dada la relevancia estética y funcional de esta zona, afectando la expresión de emociones, así como procesos fundamentales como la visión, habla, alimentación, entre otros. Pese a la escasa evidencia, se ha demostrado que la terapia fonoaudiológica miofuncional disminuye las secuelas en pacientes con quemaduras orofaciales. En este contexto, la presente investigación tiene como objetivo describir y evidenciar los efectos de la terapia fonoaudiológica miofuncional en quemaduras orofaciales de 2° y 3er grado. Para ello, se incluyeron 10 sujetos con quemaduras orofaciales de 2° y 3er grado ingresados al Centro de Referencia Nacional de Quemados en Santiago de Chile, quienes recibieron evaluación y terapia miofuncional por un fonoaudiólogo durante su hospitalización. El 80% de los sujetos presentaban quemaduras de 2° grado y 20% de 3° grado, el 30% requirió injerto facial. En la evaluación inicial se observó disminución de la apertura bucal vertical y horizontal, además de disminución en los movimientos de la mímica facial en la totalidad de los casos. Luego de la intervención se evidenciaron mejorías en todos los parámetros, incluido además el nivel de autopercepción de retracción pre y post terapia fonoaudiológica; todos con diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p<0,05). Los resultados nos permiten concluir que la terapia fonoaudiológica miofuncional favorece parámetros como apertura bucal y movilidad facial en pacientes con quemaduras orofaciales. La inclusión de fonoaudiólogos capacitados en el abordaje de estas personas, sería beneficioso para aminorar secuelas y beneficiar su calidad de vida.


Burns are traumatic injuries that compromise skin. Facial burns are the most complex burns, because of this area's aesthetic and functional relevance. This kind of injuries affect emotion expression and relevant processes such as vision, speech, and feeding, among others. Despite scarce evidence, it has been shown that myofunctional speech-language therapy decreases sequelae among patients with orofacial burns. This study, therefore, set out to describe the myofunctional speech-language therapy intervention in 2nd and 3rd degree facial burns. 10 patients with 2nd and 3rd degree facial burns admitted to National Burn Center in Santiago, Chile, were recruited for this study. 80% of subjects had 2nd degree burns and 20% 3rd degree burns. 30% of subjects required a facial skin graft. At initial assessment, there was a decrease in the vertical and horizontal mouth opening, as well as a decrease in facial movements in all cases. All the subjects received a myofunctional speech-language therapy intervention during the hospitalization period. On the completion of myofunctional intervention, patients improved inall parameters, with statistically significant differences (p<0,05), in addition to self-perception level of retraction pre and post therapy. The results of this study show that myofunctional speech-language therapy improves the performance in parameters such as mouth opening and facial movements among patients with orofacial burns. The inclusion of trained Speech-language therapists is helpful for interventions focused on persons with burns, inasmuch as decreases sequelae and improves quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema Estomatognático/fisiopatologia , Queimaduras/reabilitação , Terapia Miofuncional/métodos , Músculos Faciais/fisiopatologia , Fonoaudiologia , Movimento
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