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1.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239683, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A routine health information system is one of the essential components of a health system. Interventions to improve routine health information system data quality and use for decision-making in low- and middle-income countries differ in design, methods, and scope. There have been limited efforts to synthesise the knowledge across the currently available intervention studies. Thus, this scoping review synthesised published results from interventions that aimed at improving data quality and use in routine health information systems in low- and middle-income countries. METHOD: We included articles on intervention studies that aimed to improve data quality and use within routine health information systems in low- and middle-income countries, published in English from January 2008 to February 2020. We searched the literature in the databases Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Global Health. After a meticulous screening, we identified 20 articles on data quality and 16 on data use. We prepared and presented the results as a narrative. RESULTS: Most of the studies were from Sub-Saharan Africa and designed as case studies. Interventions enhancing the quality of data targeted health facilities and staff within districts, and district health managers for improved data use. Combinations of technology enhancement along with capacity building activities, and data quality assessment and feedback system were found useful in improving data quality. Interventions facilitating data availability combined with technology enhancement increased the use of data for planning. CONCLUSION: The studies in this scoping review showed that a combination of interventions, addressing both behavioural and technical factors, improved data quality and use. Interventions addressing organisational factors were non-existent, but these factors were reported to pose challenges to the implementation and performance of reported interventions.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/economia , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade/tendências , África ao Sul do Saara , Gerenciamento de Dados , Países em Desenvolvimento/economia , Instalações de Saúde/normas , Instalações de Saúde/tendências , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Renda , Melhoria de Qualidade/economia
3.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; sept. 11, 2020.
Não convencional em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119287

RESUMO

Com milhões de pessoas em todo o mundo em quarentena ou em isolamento físico, as fronteiras fechadas e as restrições a viagens, as tecnologias da informação (TI) ganharam espaço como os principais meios de comunicação e interação. Saúde digital e os respectivos conceitos vêm à tona sempre que se aborda a resposta dos sistemas de saúde à pandemia. Apesar de serem conhecidos há muito tempo, a situação atual alçou estes conceitos ao primeiro plano de todas as discussões e da tomada de decisão sobre resposta à pandemia.


Con millones de personas en todo el mundo en cuarentena o aislamiento físico, con los cierres de fronteras y con las restricciones a los viajes, las tecnologías de la información se han convertido en el principal medio de interacción y comunicación. De pronto, la salud digital y los conceptos afines han aparecido en todas las conversaciones relativas a la respuesta de los sistemas de salud contra la pandemia. Y a pesar de ser conceptos de larga data, la situación actual los ha puesto en el primer plano de todos los debates y las decisiones acerca de la respuesta a la pandemia.


As millions of people around the world are quarantined or in physical isolation, with border closings and restrictions in travel, Information Technologies (IT) have become the main means of interaction and communication. Suddenly, Digital Health and related concepts have begun to appear in every conversation related to the Health Systems' response to the pandemic. And despite being longstanding concepts, the current situation has elevated them to the forefront of all discussions and decision-making about the pandemic response.


Assuntos
Isolamento Social , Quarentena , Telemedicina , Gestão da Informação em Saúde , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Administração das Tecnologias da Informação , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Comunicação , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus
4.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(3): 656-680, jul.-set. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121855

RESUMO

A pesquisa apresentada neste artigo realizou um balanço quantitativo da taxa de mortalidade materna no Brasil ao longo das últimas duas décadas (2000-2019), sob o recorte de cor/raça com o objetivo de enfatizar a importância da divulgação de informações como demarcadores de mensuração de desigualdades raciais na mortalidade materna de mulheres negras no período gestacional, durante o parto e puerpério. A metodologia compreende a desagregação por cor/raça de dados do Sistema Único de Saúde (MS/DataSUS) derivados do Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade (SIM), a fim de coletar dados referentes a óbitos maternos, e do Sistema de Nascidos Vivos (Sinasc) para os dados relacionados aos nascimentos informados em território nacional. Os resultados obtidos apontam uma tendência de índices de mortalidade materna entre mulheres de cor/raça preta substancialmente maiores do que os que se referem às de cor/raça branca, revelando a falta de informações e políticas que minimizem a condição de vulnerabilidade de alguns grupos étnico-raciais no sistema de atenção à saúde materna.


This article presents a quantitative research examining the color/race-related maternal mortality rate in Brazil over the last two decades (2000-2019), aiming to emphasize the importance of the disclosure of information as indicators of racial inequalities in the black women' maternal mortality in the gestational period, during the childbirth and puerperium. The methodology uses the disaggregation by color/race of data from the Sistema Único de Saúde (DataSUS - Unified Health System) derived from the SIM - Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade (Mortality Information System), in order to collect data related to maternal deaths and from the Sinasc - Sistema de Nascidos Vivos (Live Births System), for the data related to births registered in the national territory. The results obtained point to a trend towards the maternal mortality rates being substantially higher among Black race/color women than among White race/color women, revealing the lack of information and policies that minimize the vulnerability of some ethnic-racial groups in the maternal health care system.


Este artículo presenta una investigación cuantitativa acerca de la tasa de mortalidad materna en Brasil a lo largo de las dos últimas décadas (2000-2019), del punto de vista de color/raza con el objetivo de enfatizar la importancia de la divulgación de informaciones como indicadores de las desigualdades raciales en la mortalidad materna de las mujeres negras en la fase de gestación, en el momento del parto y en el período de puerperio. La metodología utiliza la desagregación por color/raza de los datos del Sistema Único de Saúde (DataSUS - Sistema Unificado de Salud) derivados del SIM - Sistema de Informação de Mortalidade (Sistema de Información sobre Mortalidad), con el fin de recopilar datos relacionados con las muertes maternas, y del Sinasc - Sistema de Nascidos Vivos (Sistema de Nacidos Vivos) para los datos relacionados con los nacimientos documentados en el territorio nacional. Los resultados obtenidos apuntan una tendencia de las tasas de mortalidad materna entre las mujeres de color/raza negra sustancialmente superior a de las mujeres de color/raza blanca, revelando la falta de información y políticas que minimicen la condición de vulnerabilidad de ciertos grupos étnico-raciales en el sistema de atención de salud materna.


Assuntos
Humanos , Morte Materna , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Saúde Materna , Análise de Dados , Brasil , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Nascimento Vivo , Racismo
5.
Orv Hetil ; 161(36): 1498-1505, 2020 09.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886624

RESUMO

In recent years, due to the value of health data and the specificities of health processes, data breaches have become increasingly important. In addition to the general data protection rules of the European Union, aspects of general information security, including technology and human behaviour, have been reassessed. In this article, we present the importance of blackmail (ransomware) virus attacks in the health sector. According to international data, especially in the US, one of the most important methods of institutional attacks will be the extortion attack in the coming years, and this is expected to increase in importance, especially in health care where sensitive and valuable data are truly life-giving. Because of the encryption of data and the blocking of core processes, blackmail viruses can also have a significant impact on the effectiveness of therapy and healthcare. In addition to presenting the current international situation, the article also outlines the most important steps that can be taken by those involved in daily patient's care to ensure continuity of patient care. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(36): 1498-1505.


Assuntos
Segurança Computacional , Crime , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Humanos
6.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e041370, 2020 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To use Population Health Management (PHM) methods to identify and characterise individuals at high-risk of severe COVID-19 for which shielding is required, for the purposes of managing ongoing health needs and mitigating potential shielding-induced harm. DESIGN: Individuals at 'high risk' of COVID-19 were identified using the published national 'Shielded Patient List' criteria. Individual-level information, including current chronic conditions, historical healthcare utilisation and demographic and socioeconomic status, was used for descriptive analyses of this group using PHM methods. Segmentation used k-prototypes cluster analysis. SETTING: A major healthcare system in the South West of England, for which linked primary, secondary, community and mental health data are available in a system-wide dataset. The study was performed at a time considered to be relatively early in the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: 1 013 940 individuals from 78 contributing general practices. RESULTS: Compared with the groups considered at 'low' and 'moderate' risk (ie, eligible for the annual influenza vaccination), individuals at high risk were older (median age: 68 years (IQR: 55-77 years), cf 30 years (18-44 years) and 63 years (38-73 years), respectively), with more primary care/community contacts in the previous year (median contacts: 5 (2-10), cf 0 (0-2) and 2 (0-5)) and had a higher burden of comorbidity (median Charlson Score: 4 (3-6), cf 0 (0-0) and 2 (1-4)). Geospatial analyses revealed that 3.3% of rural and semi-rural residents were in the high-risk group compared with 2.91% of urban and inner-city residents (p<0.001). Segmentation uncovered six distinct clusters comprising the high-risk population, with key differentiation based on age and the presence of cancer, respiratory, and mental health conditions. CONCLUSIONS: PHM methods are useful in characterising the needs of individuals requiring shielding. Segmentation of the high-risk population identified groups with distinct characteristics that may benefit from a more tailored response from health and care providers and policy-makers.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Gestão da Saúde da População , Medição de Risco/métodos , Gestão de Riscos , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Feminino , Medicina Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Gestão de Riscos/métodos , Gestão de Riscos/organização & administração , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 23(267): 4420-4424, ago.-2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1128885

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil das intoxicações exógenas atendidas em um hospital de ensino, no período de junho de 2015 a junho de 2019. Método: Estudo documental, retrospectivo, descritivo, com análise quantitativa. A coleta dos dados ocorreu no Sistema de Informação de Agravo de Notificação (SINAN), do período de junho de 2015 a junho de 2019. O total da amostra foi 152 notificações exógenas. Resultados: Quanto ao sexo predominou o feminino com 85 casos, houve predomínio para as idades, entre 20 a 34 anos, para o local de exposição, 132 casos aconteceram na residência, nos anos de 2017 e 2018 apresentaram maior incidência. Foram identificados 127 agentes toxicológicos dentre esses 98 casos, os anticoagulantes, benzodiazepínicos e antidepressivos tiveram maior incidência. Conclusão: Jovem adulto nas idades entre 20 a 34 anos, principalmente do sexo feminino predominam nas notificações de intoxicação exógena, com maior concentração para as pessoas com nível escolar incompleto.(AU)


Objective: Describe the profile of exogenous intoxication attended in a teaching hospital, between June 2015 and June 2019. Method: Documental, retrospective, descriptive study, with qualitative analysis. The data collection was done on the Information System of Notification Aggravation (SINAN), between June 2015 and June 2019. The total sample was 152 exogenous notifications. Results: The predominant gender was the female, with 85 cases, there was the predominance of the ages between 20 and 34 years old, in the local of exposition, 132 cases took place in the recidence, in 2017 and 2018 there was a higher incidence. 127 toxicological agents were identified among these 98 cases, the anticoagulants, benzodiazepines, and antidepressants had higher incidence. Conclusion: Young adults aged between 20 and 34 years old, especially of the female gender are predominant in notifications of exogenous intoxication, with bigger concentration of people with incomplete educational attainment.(AU)


Objetivo: Describir el perfil de intoxicaciones exógenas atendidas en un hospital docente, en el período de junio de 2015 a junio de 2019. Método: Estudio documental, retrospectivo, descriptivo, con análisis cuantitativo. La recopilación de datos tuvo lugar en el Sistema de Información de Divulgación Notificable (SINAN), en el periodo de junio de 2015 a junio de 2019. El total de la muestra fueron 152 notificaciones exógenas. Resultados: En cuanto al género, hubo un predominio de mujeres con 85 casos, hubo un predominio de edades, entre 20 y 34 años, para el lugar de exposición, 132 casos ocurrieron en la residencia, en los años 2017 y 2018 tuvieron una mayor incidencia. Se identificaron 127 agentes toxicológicos entre estos 98 casos, los anticoagulantes, las benzodiacepinas y los antidepresivos tuvieron una mayor incidencia. Conclusión: los adultos jóvenes entre 20 y 34 años, principalmente mujeres, predominan en las notificaciones de intoxicación exógena, con mayor concentración para las personas con escolarización incompleta.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Envenenamento , Envenenamento/epidemiologia , Serviços de Vigilância Epidemiológica , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Hospitais de Ensino , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde
8.
Av. enferm ; 38(2): 149-158, May-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114685

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: conhecer a configuração epidemiológica dos atendimentos oncológicos em uma macrorregião de saúde brasileira, localizada no estado de Minas Gerais, entre 2008 e 2017. Materiais e métodos: estudo quantitativo, exploratório, transversal e descritivo, realizado com dados secundários de cinco municípios localizados no estado de Minas Gerais. Resultados: houve 54.206 atendimentos a indivíduos com câncer, com predominância do sexo masculino (53,38 %), faixa etária de 60 a 79 anos (49,95 %), cor branca (79,08 %), ensino fundamental incompleto (48,36 %) e estado conjugal casado (57,34 %). As neoplasias de pele representam a mais frequente localização primária (22,35 %). O estadiamento I do tumor foi o mais observado (20,98 %). As razões mais predominantes para não tratar, depois da opção "não se aplica", foram doença avançada, falta de condições clínicas ou outras (6,97 %), ao passo que se verificou predomínio de doença estável (31,59 %) no final do primeiro tratamento recebido. Conclusão: os resultados apresentados oferecem subsídios para identificar as prioridades da atenção oncológica e traçam a configuração dos atendimentos a pacientes com câncer, o que direciona o planejamento de intervenções para proporcionar um atendimento de qualidade.


Resumen Objetivo: conocer la configuración epidemiológica de la atención del cáncer en una macrorregión de salud, ubicada en el estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil, entre 2008 y 2017. Materiales y métodos: estudio cuantitativo, exploratorio, transversal y descriptivo, realizado con datos secundarios de cinco municipios ubicados en el estado de Minas Gerais. Resultados: se atendieron a 54.206 pacientes con cáncer, predominantemente hombres (53,38 %), en un rango etario de 60 a 79 años (49,95 %), blancos (79,08 %), con educación básica primaria incompleta (48,36 %) y casados (57,34 %). Las neoplasias de piel representan la localización primaria más frecuente (22,35 %). La etapa I del tumor fue la más observada (20,98 %). Las razones más frecuentes para no tratar, después de la opción "no se aplica", fueron enfermedad avanzada, falta de condiciones clínicas u otras (6,97 %), mientras que se verificó el predominio de la enfermedad estable (31,59 %) al final del primer tratamiento recibido. Conclusión: los resultados presentados brindan apoyo para identificar las prioridades de la atención oncológica y establecen la configuración de la atención para pacientes con cáncer, lo que dirige la planificación de las intervenciones para proporcionar atención de calidad.


Abstract Objective: to know the epidemiological configuration of cancer care in a health macro-region in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais between 2008 and 2017. Materials and methods: quantitative, exploratory, cross-sectional and descriptive study, conducted with secondary data from five municipalities of the state of Minas Gerais. Results: there were 54,206 visits to cancer patients, predominantly male (53.38%), aged 60 to 79 years (49.95%), white (79.08%), with incomplete elementary school education (48.36 %), and married (57.34 %). Skin neoplasms represent the most frequent primary location (22.35%). Stage I of the tumor was the most observed (20.98 %). The most prevalent reasons for not treating after the "not applicable" option were advanced disease and lack of clinical conditions or other conditions (6.97 %), whereas stable disease (31.59%) prevailed at the end of the first treatment received. Conclusion: the results provide support to identify the priorities of cancer care and outline the configuration for cancer treatment in patients, which directs the planning of interventions to provide high quality care.


Assuntos
Humanos , Epidemiologia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Neoplasias
9.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 8: CD012012, 2020 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32803893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A well-functioning routine health information system (RHIS) can provide the information needed for health system management, for governance, accountability, planning, policy making, surveillance and quality improvement, but poor information support has been identified as a major obstacle for improving health system management. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions to improve routine health information systems in terms of RHIS performance, and also, in terms of improved health system management performance, and improved patient and population health outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE Ovid and Embase Ovid in May 2019. We searched Global Health, Ovid and PsycInfo in April 2016. In January 2020 we searched for grey literature in the Grey Literature Report and in OpenGrey, and for ongoing trials using the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP) and ClinicalTrials.gov. In October 2019 we also did a cited reference search using Web of Science, and a 'similar articles' search in PubMed. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised and non-randomised trials, controlled before-after studies and time-series studies comparing routine health information system interventions, with controls, in primary, hospital or community health care settings. Participants included clinical staff and management, district management and community health workers using routine information systems. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two authors independently reviewed records to identify studies for inclusion, extracted data from the included studies and assessed the risk of bias. Interventions and outcomes were too varied across studies to allow for pooled risk analysis. We present a 'Summary of findings' table for each intervention comparisons broadly categorised into Technical and Organisational (or a combination), and report outcomes on data quality and service quality. We used the GRADE approach to assess the certainty of the evidence. MAIN RESULTS: We included six studies: four cluster randomised trials and two controlled before-after studies, from Africa and South America. Three studies evaluated technical interventions, one study evaluated an organisational intervention, and two studies evaluated a combination of technical and organisational interventions. Four studies reported on data quality and six studies reported on service quality. In terms of data quality, a web-based electronic TB laboratory information system probably reduces the length of time to reporting of TB test results, and probably reduces the overall rate of recording errors of TB test results, compared to a paper-based system (moderate certainty evidence). We are uncertain about the effect of the electronic laboratory information system on the recording rate of serious (misidentification) errors for TB test results compared to a paper-based system (very low certainty evidence). Misidentification errors are inaccuracies in transferring test results between an electronic register and patients' clinical charts. We are also uncertain about the effect of the intervention on service quality (timeliness of starting or changing a patient's TB treatment) (very low certainty evidence). A hand-held electronic device probably improves the length of time to report TB test results, and probably reduces the total frequency of recording errors in TB test results between the laboratory notebook and the electronic information record system, compared to a paper-based system (moderate-certainty evidence). We are, however, uncertain about the effect of the intervention on the frequency of serious (misidentification) errors in recording between the laboratory notebook and the electronic information record, compared to a paper-based system (very low certainty evidence). We are uncertain about the effect of a hospital electronic health information system on service quality (length of time outpatients spend at hospital, length of hospital stay, and hospital revenue collection), compared to a paper-based system (very low certainty evidence). High-intensity brief text messaging (SMS) may make little or no difference to data quality (in terms of completeness of documentation of pregnancy outcomes), compared to low-intensity brief text messaging (low-certainty evidence). We are uncertain about the effect of electronic drug stock notification (with either data management support or product transfer support) on service quality (in terms of transporting stock and stock levels), compared to paper-based stock notification (very low certainty evidence). We are uncertain about the effect of health information strengthening (where it is part of comprehensive service quality improvement intervention) on service quality (health worker motivation, receipt of training by health workers, health information index scores, quality of clinical observation of children and adults) (very low certainty evidence). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The review indicates mixed effects of mainly technical interventions to improve data quality, with gaps in evidence on interventions aimed at enhancing data-informed health system management. There is a gap in interventions studying information support beyond clinical management, such as for human resources, finances, drug supply and governance. We need to have a better understanding of the causal mechanisms by which information support may affect change in management decision-making, to inform robust intervention design and evaluation methods.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/normas , Política Organizacional , Melhoria de Qualidade , Viés , Sistemas de Informação em Laboratório Clínico/organização & administração , Sistemas de Informação em Laboratório Clínico/normas , Computadores de Mão , Coleta de Dados/normas , Tomada de Decisões , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Serviços de Informação sobre Medicamentos/normas , Sistemas de Informação Hospitalar/normas , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Inovação Organizacional , Preparações Farmacêuticas/provisão & distribução , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Envio de Mensagens de Texto/normas , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Int J Infect Dis ; 99: 334-337, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763447

RESUMO

Estimates of health capacities in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic indicate that most low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are not operationally ready to manage this health emergency. Motivated by worldwide successes in other infectious disease epidemics and our experience in Sub-Saharan Africa, we support mobile phone communication to improve data collection and reporting, communication between healthcare workers, public health institutions, and patients, and the implementation of disease tracking and subsequent risk-stratified isolation measures. Programmatic action is needed for centrally coordinated reporting and communication systems facilitating mobile phones in crisis management plans for addressing the COVID-19 pandemic in LMICs. We summarize examples of worldwide mobile phone technology initiatives that have enhanced patient care and public health outcomes in previous epidemics and the current COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, we provide an overview of baseline conditions, including transparency about privacy guarantees, necessary for the successful use of mobile phones in assisting in the fight against COVID-19 spread.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Telefone Celular , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Países em Desenvolvimento , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Pobreza , Telemedicina
12.
Med Glas (Zenica) ; 17(2): 265-274, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602300

RESUMO

Aim The damage caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has made the prevention of its further spread at the top of the list of priorities of many governments and state institutions responsible for health and civil protection around the world. This prevention implies an effective system of epidemiological surveillance and the application of timely and effective control measures. This research focuses on the application of techniques for modelling and geovisualization of epidemic data with the aim of simple and fast communication of analytical results via geoportal. Methods The paper describes the approach applied through the project of establishing the epidemiological location-intelligence system for monitoring the effectiveness of control measures in preventing the spread of COVID-19 in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Results Epidemic data were processed and the results related to spatio-temporal analysis of the infection spread were presented by compartmental epidemic model, reproduction number R, epi-curve diagrams as well as choropleth maps for different levels of administrative units. Geovisualization of epidemic data enabled the release of numerous information from described models and indicators, providing easier visual communication of the spread of the disease and better recognition of its trend. Conclusion The approach involves the simultaneous application of epidemic models and epidemic data geovisualization, which allows a simple and rapid evaluation of the epidemic situation and the effects of control measures. This contributes to more informative decision-making related to control measures by suggesting their selective application at the local level.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Betacoronavirus , Bósnia e Herzegóvina/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Visualização de Dados , Epidemias , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Mapeamento Geográfico , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
13.
COVID-19 FactsheetsPAHO/EIH/IS/COVID-19/20-0010.
Artigo em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52502

RESUMO

On June 1, 2020, in collaboration with several partners and networks and 990 registered attendees, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) launched the webinar series Share-Listen-Act, COVID-19: The Potential of Digital Health and Information Systems for Health in the Fight against the Pandemic. This fact sheet contains responses to the questions that received the most votes, as well as other questions posed, and additional information derived from interaction with the attendees.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Pandemias , Acesso à Informação , Disseminação de Informação , Telemedicina , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde
14.
COVID-19 FactsheetsOPS/EIH/IS/COVID-19/20-0009.
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52487

RESUMO

En apenas unos meses, la pandemia de COVID-19 ha alterado profundamente todos los sectores de la sociedad: nuestra forma de vivir, de gobernarnos, de desplazarnos, de trabajar y de estudiar, así como la manera en que las naciones y nosotros mismos manejamos la salud. En resumen, ha alterado muchas estructuras sociales que creíamos firmemente establecidas. En el caso del sector de la salud pública, se han extraído muchas enseñanzas que permitirán mejorar la respuesta a las pandemias en el futuro, además de mejorar el sistema de salud desde la perspectiva de los sistemas de información para la salud y, finalmente, de la salud digital.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Pandemias , Gestão da Informação , Telemedicina , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde
15.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; jul. 17, 2020. 8 p.
Não convencional em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104267

RESUMO

El 1 de junio del 2020 y con 990 personas registradas, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS) y el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID), en colaboración con varios aliados y redes (mencionados al final de este documento), lanzaron la serie de seminarios virtuales CompartirEscuchar-Actuar, COVID-19: El potencial de la salud digital y los sistemas de información para la salud (IS4H) en la lucha contra la pandemia.


On June 1, 2020, in collaboration with several partners and networks (mentioned at the end of this document), and 990 registered attendees, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the InterAmerican Development Bank (IDB) launched the webinar series Share-Listen-Act, COVID-19: The Potential of Digital Health and Information Systems for Health in the Fight against the Pandemic


Assuntos
Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Gestão da Informação/organização & administração , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus , Quarentena , Pandemias
16.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; jul. 02, 2020.
Não convencional em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104269

RESUMO

En apenas unos meses, la pandemia de COVID-19 ha alterado profundamente todos los sectores de la sociedad: nuestra forma de vivir, de gobernarnos, de desplazarnos, de trabajar y de estudiar, así como la manera en que las naciones y nosotros mismos manejamos la salud. En resumen, ha alterado muchas estructuras sociales que creíamos firmemente establecidas. En el caso del sector de la salud pública, se han extraído muchas enseñanzas que permitirán mejorar la respuesta a las pandemias en el futuro, además de mejorar el sistema de salud desde la perspectiva de los sistemas de información para la salud y, finalmente, de la salud digital.


In just a few months, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a disruptive impact on all sectors of society: on how we live, how we govern ourselves, how we mobilize, how we work, how we educate ourselves, and how nations manage and how we manage our health ourselves. In short, it has targeted many social structures that we believed to be fixed. As for the public health sector, many lessons have emerged to improve the response to future pandemics but also to improve the health system from the perspective of information systems for health and finally of digital health.


Assuntos
Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Sistemas de Informação/organização & administração , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus , Quarentena , Pandemias
17.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; July 02, 2020. 8 p.
Não convencional em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117758

RESUMO

El 1 de junio del 2020 y con 990 personas registradas, la Organización Panamericana de la Salud OPS y el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, en colaboración con varios aliados y redes, lanzaron la serie de seminarios virtuales Compartir-Escuchar-Actuar, COVID-19: El potencial de la salud digital y los sistemas de información para la salud (IS4H) en la lucha contra la pandemia. Esta hoja informativa presenta las respuestas a las preguntas formuladas y más votadas, así como información adicional resultante de la interacción con el público asistente.


On June 1, 2020, in collaboration with several partners and networks and 990 registered attendees, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) launched the webinar series Share-Listen-Act, COVID-19: The Potential of Digital Health and Information Systems for Health in the Fight against the Pandemic. This fact sheet contains responses to the questions that received the most votes, as well as other questions posed, and additional information derived from interaction with the attendees.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Acesso à Informação , Disseminação de Informação , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração
18.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; July 17, 2020.
Não convencional em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117755

RESUMO

In just a few months, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a disruptive impact on all sectors of society: on how we live, how we govern ourselves, how we mobilize, how we work, how we educate ourselves, and how nations manage and how we manage our health ourselves. In short, it has targeted many social structures that we believed to be fixed. As for the public health sector, many lessons have emerged to improve the response to future pandemics but also to improve the health system from the perspective of information systems for health and finally of digital health.


En apenas unos meses, la pandemia de COVID-19 ha alterado profundamente todos los sectores de la sociedad: nuestra forma de vivir, de gobernarnos, de desplazarnos, de trabajar y de estudiar, así como la manera en que las naciones y nosotros mismos manejamos la salud. En resumen, ha alterado muchas estructuras sociales que creíamos firmemente establecidas. En el caso del sector de la salud pública, se han extraído muchas enseñanzas que permitirán mejorar la respuesta a las pandemias en el futuro, además de mejorar el sistema de salud desde la perspectiva de los sistemas de información para la salud y, finalmente, de la salud digital.


Assuntos
Telemedicina/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Gestão da Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus
19.
Indian J Public Health ; 64(Supplement): S211-S216, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-556767

RESUMO

Health systems' responsiveness is the key to addressing infectious disease threats such as pandemics. The article outlines an assessment of health systems based on World Health Organization's building blocks for select countries. It also compares these with the findings from a more comprehensive analysis of Global Health Security (GHS) Index, which assesses the preparedness of the health system for such pandemics. The GHS report (2019) spelt out very objectively that none of the countries of the world was prepared to effectively handle such emergencies, should they arise. Observations emerging from different countries highlight these findings although some of them seem to be discordant. Overall, it appears that Asian countries could fight the battle better than most developed nations in the Europe and America during the current pandemic, despite having poor GHS scores. Experiences of these countries in facing similar crisis in the past probably sensitized their strained health systems for a greater good. There are several lessons to be learned from such countries.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Saúde Global , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Medicamentos Essenciais/provisão & distribução , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde/organização & administração , Mão de Obra em Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Organização Mundial da Saúde
20.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 270: 1337-1338, 2020 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32570647

RESUMO

Correct patient identification is the cornerstone for the proper implementation of electronic health records. Up to 20% of the registered patients are duplicated in most systems. Strong identification policies and robust systems can minimize such errors. In this poster we share the Ministry of Health recommendations for the Master Patient Index improvement using search algorithms.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Algoritmos , Argentina , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos , Sistemas de Identificação de Pacientes
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