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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 229-238, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We previously reported the potential of aminonaphthoquinone derivatives as therapeutic agents against breast and other oestrogen-responsive tumours when combined with curcumin. This study aimed at screening of novel aminonaphthoquinone derivatives (Rau 008, Rau 010, Rau 015 and Rau 018) combined with curcumin for cytotoxic, anti-angiogenic and anti-metastatic effects on MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytotoxic and anti-angiogenic effects were analysed using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; while anti-metastatic effects were measured using adhesion assay, Boyden chambers and Matrigel. RESULTS: Curcumin combined with Rau 008 elicited marked cytotoxic effects in MCF-7 cells compared with the individual treatments, whereas when it was combined with Rau 015 and with Rau 018, it displayed similar effects in MDA-MB-231 cells. The anti-angiogenic effect of Rau 015 plus curcumin in MCF-7 cells and Rau 018 plus curcumin in MDA-MB-231 cells was more effective than individual treatments, while the metastatic capability of MDA-MB-231 cells was significantly reduced after treatment with the aminonaphthoquinone-curcumin combinations. CONCLUSION: Aminonaphthoquinones may offer significant promise as therapeutic agents against breast cancer, particularly when combined with curcumin.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Progressão da Doença , Naftoquinonas/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Curcumina/química , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Naftoquinonas/química , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
2.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 323-333, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Despite the Warburg effect, mitochondria play an essential role in the survival and maintenance of cancer cells. Thus, mitochondria have been considered a target for anticancer agents. Here, we identified a mitochondria-targeting anticancer agent from natural products. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphological and functional changes in mitochondria were determined by a fluorescence-based High Content Imaging System. Using human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines (H1299, H226B, and A549), cell viability and colony formation assays, cell cycle analysis, and immunoblotting were performed to determine cytotoxic and proapoptotic effects of papuamine. RESULTS: Using a natural product chemical library, we identified papuamine as an active compound to inhibit viability and ATP production of NSCLC cells. Papuamine depleted intracellular ATP by causing mitochondrial dysfunction, as indicated by the loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential and increased mitochondrial superoxide generation. Papuamine significantly inhibited viability and colony formation of NSCLC cells by inducing apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Papuamine has a potential as a novel mitochondria-targeting anticancer agent.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Células A549 , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Adenilato Quinase/metabolismo , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 68(1): 96-99, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902905

RESUMO

Chemical investigation of the aerial parts of Andrographis paniculata resulted in isolation of nine compounds, including a new ent-labdane diterpenoid, andrographic acid methyl ester (1), a new chalcone glucoside, pashanone glucoside (5), and seven known metabolites, andrograpanin (2), andrographolide (3), andropanolide (4), andrographidine A (6), andrographidine F (7), 6-epi-8-O-acetyl-harpagide (8), and curvifloruside F (9). Their chemical structures were elucidated based on comprehensive analyses of the spectroscopic data, including NMR and MS. Among the isolated compounds, andropanolide exerted cytotoxicity toward LNCaP, HepG2, KB, MCF7, and SK-Mel2 carcinoma cells, with IC50 values ranging from 31.8 to 45.9 µM. In addition, andropanolide significantly inhibited the overproduction of nitric oxide (NO) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages, with an IC50 value of 13.4 µM.


Assuntos
Andrographis/química , Diterpenos/química , Flavonoides/química , Andrographis/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7
4.
Ultrasonics ; 101: 106033, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561207

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to use ultrasound in combination with nanoparticulate formulations of taxane drugs for an additive approach to overcome multidrug resistance (MDR). Polymeric nanoparticulate formulations containing both chemotherapeutic taxane drugs and a polymeric inhibitor (MePEG17-b-PCL5) of drug resistant proteins have been previously developed in an attempt to overcome MDR in cells. High frequency (>1 MHz) ultrasound has been shown to increase the uptake of cytotoxic drugs in MDR proliferating cells and has been suggested as a different way to overcome MDR, resensitize drug resistant cancer cells and allow for chemotherapeutic efficacy. MDCK-MDR cells were incubated with docetaxel (DTX) or paclitaxel (PTX) loaded, solid core, nanoparticles made from a 50:50 ratio of two diblock copolymers, MePEG114-b-PCL200 and MePEG17-b-PCL5 (PCL200/PCL5). The accumulation of drug in MDCK-MDR cells was measured using radiolabeled drug and the viability of cells was determined using an MTS cell proliferation assay. The effect of ultrasound (4 MHz, 32 W/cm2, 10 s, 25% duty cycle) on drug uptake and cell viability was studied. Using free DTX or PTX, MDCK-MDR cells were killed at sublethal doses of drug with the P-gp inhibitor (MePEG17-b-PCL5) present at a concentration of just 0.006% (m/v) and cell death began after just 3 h of incubation. Using sublethal incubation doses of PTX or DTX in PCL200/PCL5 nanoparticles for 90 min, followed by a second exposure to blank PCL200/PCL5 nanoparticles, cell viability dropped by approximately 60% at 24 h. Drug accumulation increased by 1.43-1.9 fold following five bursts of ultrasound applied at 90 min. Both, increased ultrasound exposure and increased concentrations of blank nanoparticles during the second incubation allowed for increased levels of cell death. The combined use of ultrasound with taxane and P-gp inhibitor loaded polymeric nanoparticles may allow for increased accumulation of drug and inhibitor which may then release both agents inside cells in a controlled manner to overcome drug resistance in MDR cells.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Docetaxel/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Docetaxel/química , Cães , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Paclitaxel/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
5.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 51-64, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610305

RESUMO

Aiming at the inefficiency and toxicity in traditional antitumor therapy, a novel multifunctional nanoplatform was constructed based on hollow mesoporous carbon (HMC) to achieve triple stimuli response and dual model antitumor therapy via chemo-photothermal synergistic effect. HMC was used as an ideal nanovehicle with a high drug loading efficiency as well as a near-infrared (NIR) photothermal conversion agent for photothermal therapy. Acid-dissoluble, luminescent ZnO quantum dots (QDs) were used as the proper sealing agents for the mesopores of HMC, conjugated to HMC via disulfide linkage to prevent drug (doxorubicin, abbreviated as Dox) premature release from Dox/HMC-SS-ZnO. After cellular endocytosis, the Dox was released in a pH, GSH and NIR laser triple stimuli-responsive manner to realize accurate drug delivery. Moreover, the local hyperthermia effect induced by NIR irradiation could promote the drug release, enhance cell sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents, and also directly kill cancer cells. As expected, Dox/HMC-SS-ZnO exhibited a high drug loading capacity of 43%, well response to triple stimuli and excellent photothermal conversion efficiency η of 29.7%. The therapeutic efficacy in 4T1 cells and multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTSs) demonstrated that Dox/HMC-SS-ZnO + NIR had satisfactory chemo-photothermal synergistic effect with a combination index (CI) of 0.532. The cell apoptosis rate of the combined treatment group was more than 95%. The biodistribution and pharmacodynamics studies showed its biosecurity to normal tissues and synergistic inhibition effect to tumor cells. These distinguished results indicated that the Dox/HMC-SS-ZnO nanoplatform is potential to realize efficient triple stimuli-responsive drug delivery and dual model chemo-photothermal synergistic antitumor therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Carbono/química , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Óxido de Zinco/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fototerapia/métodos , Porosidade , Propriedades de Superfície , Distribuição Tecidual , Óxido de Zinco/farmacocinética
6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 65-75, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610306

RESUMO

Electroactive nanofibrous scaffold is a vital tool for the study of the various biological research fields from bioelectronics to regenerative medicine, which can provide cell preferable 3D nanofiber architecture and programmed electrical signal. However, intrinsic non-biodegradability is a major problem that hinders its widespread application in the clinic. Herein, we designed, synthesized, and characterized shell/core poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT)/chitosan (CS) nanofibers by combining the electrospinning and recrystallization processes. Upon incorporating a trace amount of PEDOT (1.0 wt%), the resultant PEDOT/CS nanofibers exhibited low interfacial charge transfer impedance, high electrochemical stability, high electrical conductivity (up to 0.1945 S/cm), and ultrasensitive piezoelectric property (output voltage of 22.5 mV by a human hair prodding). With such unique electrical and conductive properties, PEDOT/CS nanofibers were further applied to brain neuroglioma cells (BNCs) to stimulate their adhesion, proliferation, growth, and development under an optimal external electrical stimulation (ES) and a pulse voltage of 400 mV/cm. ES-responsive PEDOT/CS nanofibers indeed promoted BNCs growth and development as indicated by a large number and density of axons. The synergetic interplay between external ES and piezoelectric voltage demonstrates new PEDOT-based nanofibers as implantable electroactive scaffolds for numerous applications in nerve tissue engineering, human health monitoring, brain mantle information extraction, and degradable microelectronic devices.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/química , Quitosana/química , Condutividade Elétrica , Nanofibras/química , Polímeros/química , Testes de Impedância Acústica/métodos , Axônios/metabolismo , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalização , Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Glioma/metabolismo , Humanos
7.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 197-205, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627143

RESUMO

Mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) demonstrates great potentials as a loading platform for bactericidal agents, but may be limited by its application form of bulk or powder. Herein, we developed MSN surface-enriched composite membranes with remarkable photodynamic antimicrobial activities via a facile electrospinning method. The mixture of zein and polycaprolactone (PCL) was served as the polymeric matrix, while the methylene blue (MB) loaded MSN was modified by trichloro (1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-heptadecafluorodecyl) silane (THFS) and acted as reactive oxygen species (ROS) generator to exert their antimicrobial performances. Owing to its low surface energy, the fluorinated MSN tended to be enriched on the surface of the nanofiber, hence significantly enhancing the ROS generation. Moreover, benefiting from the surface enrichment of the fluorinated nanoparticles, the composite membrane displayed obvious surface hydrophobicity and exhibited discernible bacterial repellency. Subsequently, upon visible light (660 nm) irradiation, the composite membrane demonstrated remarkable photodynamic antibacterial activities against Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Gram-negative Escherichia coli (E. coli) but without essential detrimental impacts on the mammalian cells. We envision that this self-enriched MSN composite membrane may find broad applications in bacterial infection-resistant areas.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Azul de Metileno/química , Nanopartículas/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Dióxido de Silício/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/citologia , Flúor/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Luz , Camundongos , Poliésteres/química , Porosidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície , Zeína/química
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 313-323, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675662

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance is a common phenomenon observed during treatment with antibacterials. Use of nanozymes, especially those with synergistic enzyme-like activities, as antibacterials could overcome this problem, but their synthesis is limited by their high cost and/or complex production process. Herein, vanadium oxide nanodots (VOxNDs) were prepared via a one-step bottom-up ethanol-thermal method using vanadium trichloride as the precursor. VOxNDs alone possess bienzyme mimics of peroxidase and oxidase. Accordingly, highly efficient antibacterials against drug-resistant bacteria can be obtained through synergistic catalysis; the oxidase-like activity decomposes O2 to generate superoxide anion radical (O2-) and hydroxyl radicals (OH), and the intrinsic peroxidase-like activity can further induce the production of OH from external H2O2. Consequently, H2O2 concentration could decrease up to four magnitude orders with VOxNDs to achieve an antibacterial efficacy similar to that of H2O2 alone. Wound healing in vivo further confirms the high antibacterial efficiency, good biocompatibility, and application potential of the synergistic antibacterial system due to the "nano" structure of VOxNDs. The method of synthesis of nanodot antibacterials described in this paper is inexpensive, and the results of this study reveal the multi-enzymatic synergism of nanozymes.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Óxidos/química , Compostos de Vanádio/química , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Catálise , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HeLa , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Radical Hidroxila/química , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 59-73, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Jiuzao is the residue after Bajiu distillation which is usually used as forage for livestock. However, it is not fully utilized yet considering the content of protein remained. The present study aimed to isolate antioxidant peptides from Jiuzao protein hydrolysates, then add these peptides into Baijiu product to enhance the healthy value of Baiju. Meanwhile environmental pollution caused by massive Jiuzao can be mitigated indirectly. RESULTS: Four peptides Ala-Tyr-Ile(Leu) (AYI(L)) and Asp-Arg-Glu-Ile(Leu) (DREI(L)) were identified from Jiuzao protein hydrolysates, the extraction contents of AYI + AYL and DREI + DREL were 896.10 and 110.51 mg kg-1 Jiuzao, respectively. On the one hand, antioxidant activities of these peptides were investigated. For in vitro antioxidant assays, AYI, AYL and DREI exhibited strong capacities in oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. Furthermore, three levels of four peptides were assessed by 2,2'-azobis(2-methylpropanimidamidine) (AAPH)-induced HepG2 cells model. The results showed that these peptides exerted a degree of antioxidant activities in cells. Meanwhile, selected peptides concentrations according to cell assays remined at effective doses after in vitro digestion. On the other hand, the influence of these four peptides on the characteristic aroma compounds in Baijiu was studied. Most characteristic aroma compounds releases were increased with the addition of peptides. CONCLUSION: In the study, antioxidant activities of peptides were evaluated, the feasibility of utilizing Jiuzao protein hydrolysates to obtain beneficial peptides was also proved. Healthy effect of Baijiu or other food can be increased by adding these functional substances. The findings might contribute to food application and Baijiu industries. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Peptídeos/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Resíduos/análise , Vinho/análise , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia
10.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 558: 137-144, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586733

RESUMO

Platinum oxide (PtOx) nanoparticles (NPs) have been shown to possess anticancer activity by releasing ionic Pt species under biological conditions. However, the dissolution kinetics and the changes in the chemical state of Pt during PtOx dissolution have not yet been studied. To fill this gap, we prepared a composite (designated as PtOx@MMT-2) containing PtOx NPs on hollow mesoporous silica nanospheres and studied the dissolution of the material in different biorelevant media. We found that the release of Pt was retarded due to the adsorption of biomolecules on PtOx NPs during the degradation of host silica. The biomolecules adsorption also lowered the accessibility of PtOx NPs, resulting in the reduced catalase-like activity of the NPs. In line with the results, the cytotoxicity of PtOx@MMT-2, which was positively correlated to the amount of Pt uptake, was reduced by biomolecules adsorption. Our findings should be applicable to other metal (oxide) NPs under biological conditions and may provide implications for the design of nanomaterials for practical therapeutic applications.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Nanopartículas/química , Óxidos/química , Platina/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Adsorção , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HeLa , Humanos , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Solubilidade
11.
Bioresour Technol ; 296: 122341, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711905

RESUMO

Anammox bacteria can easily undergo starvation due to fluctuations in feed flowrate and concentration in wastewater treatment plants. In this study, we analyzed the effects of different types of storage conditions (presence of ammonium (Ra), nitrite (Rn), hydrazine (Rh), and no substrate (Rc)) in aiding the viability of anammox bacteria during starvation and recovery. After starvation, the bacteria were subjected to a 15-week recovery period. Anammox bacteria showed better results during starvation and recovery in Rh as compared to other conditions. Decay rate values obtained after starvation in Ra, Rn, Rh, and Rc were 0.032/day, 0.042/day, 0.019/day, and 0.037/day, respectively. Meanwhile, µmax values obtained in Rh, Ra, Rn, and Rc on the 15th week of recovery were 0.092, 0.075, 0.011, and 0.067 d-1, respectively. This indicated that the availability of hydrazine helps to reduce the mortality rate of anammox bacteria during starvation and enhances the recovery of anammox process.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Bactérias Anaeróbias , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Sobrevivência Celular , Nitritos , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução
12.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124602, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545211

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been known to exhibit neurotoxicity in rats; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown and there is no available intervention. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of oxidative and nitrosative stress in the neurotoxicity in the cerebral cortex and primary neurons in rats following the BDE-153 treatment. Compared to the untreated group, BDE-153 treatment significantly induced the neurotoxic effects in rats, as manifested by the increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities and cell apoptosis rates, and the decreased neurotrophic factor contents and cholinergic enzyme activities in rats' cerebral cortices and primary neurons. When compared to the untreated group, the oxidative and nitrosative stress had occurred in the cerebral cortex or primary neurons in rats following the BDE-153 treatment, as manifested by the increments in levels of reactive oxygenspecies (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) mRNA and protein expressions, along with the decline in levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, glutathione (GSH) content, and peroxiredoxin I (Prx I) and Prx II mRNA and protein expressions. In addition, the ROS scavenger N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) or NO scavenger NG-Nitro-l-arginine (L-NNA) significantly rescued the LDH leakage and cell survival, reversed the neurotrophin contents and cholinergic enzymes, mainly via regaining balance between oxidation/nitrosation and antioxidation. Overall, our findings suggested that oxidative and nitrosative stresses are involved in the neurotoxicity induced by BDE-153, and that the antioxidation is a potential targeted intervention.


Assuntos
Córtex Cerebral/patologia , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/patologia , Estresse Nitrosativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Bifenil Polibromatos/toxicidade , Acetilcisteína/farmacologia , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurotrofina 3/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , Estresse Nitrosativo/fisiologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Food Chem ; 305: 125475, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518841

RESUMO

Pea protein-stabilized nanoemulsions were prepared to encapsulate vitamin D with the aim to develop novel non-dairy functional foods for vitamin D fortifications. Homogenization conditions of 20 kpsi and two homogenization cycles were identified as optimal conditions for producing stable nanoemulsions. The nanoemulsions exhibited controllable sizes (170-350 nm), good stability with zeta-potential of -25 mV, and high vitamin encapsulation efficiency (94-96%). Cellular uptake efficiency of small sized nanoemulsions (233 nm) was ~2.5 times higher than large sized nanoemulsions (350 nm). Interestingly, protein-based nanoemulsions exhibited significantly higher cellular uptake than emulsions prepared using a combination of protein and lecithin. The vitamin D transport efficiency across Caco-2 cells for small sized nanoemulsions (233 nm) was ~5.3 times greater than free vitamin D suspension. This research demonstrated that pea protein can be used as an effective emulsifier for preparing food nanoemulsions, which may enhance vitamin D bioavailability and improve vitamin deficiency status in aged population.


Assuntos
Emulsões/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Proteínas de Ervilha/química , Vitamina D/química , Células CACO-2 , Sobrevivência Celular , Emulsificantes/química , Humanos , Lecitinas/química , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Tamanho da Partícula , Pressão , Estabilidade Proteica , Vitamina D/metabolismo
14.
Pediatr Dent ; 41(6): 485-488, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882036

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of virgin olive oil (VOO), soybean oil (SO), and Hank's Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) on the vitality of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells of simulated avulsed teeth. Methods: Forty freshly extracted teeth were randomly divided into three experimental groups (n equals 10), one positive control group (n equals five), and one negative control group (n equals five). The experimental teeth were air-dried for 30 minutes and then soaked in one of the three storage solutions: HBSS, VOO, or SO. To quantify the number of viable cells, a collagenase-dispase assay was used. The viable PDL cells were determined via 0.4% Trypan blue staining. Data were statistically analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis H test and Mann-Whitney U test with a significance level of 0.05. Results: The number of viable cells was significantly higher after storage in SO than in HBSS (P=0.004). There was no significant difference between SO and VOO in terms of PDL cell viability. Conclusion: Vegetable oils can be promising storage solutions for maintaining the periodontal ligament cell viability of avulsed teeth.


Assuntos
Olea , Soluções para Preservação de Órgãos , Avulsão Dentária , Sobrevivência Celular , Humanos , Soluções Isotônicas , Leite , Azeite de Oliva , Ligamento Periodontal , Óleo de Soja
15.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111670, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706087

RESUMO

Synthesis of nanoparticles using plant sources as reducing agent has become important, as physical and chemical methods are costlier and affects environment. Hence it is important to develop environment friendly nanoparticle synthesis by avoiding the use of toxic chemicals. The present study aimed to synthesize silver nanoparticles (Ag Nps) and gold nanoparticles (AuNps) using Musa acuminata colla flower and its pharmaceutical activity against extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) gene producing bacteria and anticancer efficacy. The synthesized Ag and Au NPs were analysed by means of UV-Vis, FTIR, XRD,SEM and EDAX evidenced the bioreduction of Ag+ ions to Ag0 and Au3+ ions to Au0 respectively. Both nanoparticles and flower extracts were studied for antibacterial activity of ESBL gene producing bacteria by disc diffusion and microdilution (Resazurin) method. In vitro anticancer efficacy (MCF-7) and toxicity (VERO) of AgNPs, AuNPs, aqueous extract and ethanol extract of flowers were performed by MTT assay. IC50 value for DPPH analysis was at 390 µg and 460 µg for ethanol and aqueous extract respectively. Total antioxidant content was found be 740 µg/mg and 460 µg/mg for ethanol and aqueous extract. GCMS analysis authenticated the existence of the compounds namely, 9,12-octadecadienoic acid(z,z)- and n-hexadecanoic acid in the crude extract of the samples. Among the samples, AgNPs had best antibacterial activity. AgNPs and AuNPs were confirmed by colour change to reddish brown and ruby red. Further ƛmax were obtained at 474 and 540 nm by UV - visible spectrum. SEM analysis revealed the particle size ranges from 12.6 to 15.7 nm for silver and 10.1 to 15.6 nm for gold nanoparticles. The EDAX spectrum shows a strong signal for elemental Ag and Au at ~ 3 keV and 1.5 keV. The XRD patterns for silver and gold nanoparticles at 36.701, 42.900, 63.281 and 76.398 corresponding to the lattice planes 2.4467, 2.1064, 1.46839, 1.24564 nm and 27.32, 36.7228, 39.56, 42.888, 63.253, 63.253, 65.02 and 76.383 corresponding to the lattice planes 3.262, 2.44530, 2.276, 2.1070, 1.46897, 1.4332 and 1.24585 nm. The IC50 values for MCF-7 and VERO cells were 30.0 µg/ml and 55.0 µg/ml respectively.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Ouro/química , Musa/química , Prata/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flores/química , Flores/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Musa/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/química , Células Vero
16.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111658, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710923

RESUMO

The goal of the current experiment is to explore the influence of combined and/or single applications of red and near infrared (NIR) photobiomodulation (PBM) at different wavelengths, energy densities and times on cell viability, population doubling time (PDT), and apoptosis of in vitro cultures of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs) and h adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). Both in vitro hBM-MSCs and hASCs were irradiated with 36 protocols using two different laser types (helium­neon [He-Ne] and diodes), four different laser wavelengths (HeNe laser, 630 nm, 810 nm, 630 + 810 nm); three different energy densities (0.6 J/cm2, 1.2 J/cm2, 2.4 J/cm2); and three different PBM times (1, 2, and 3). One-way ANOVA analysis showed that PBM with the 630 nm red laser significantly stimulated cellular viability of both hBM-MSCs and hASCs. The 630 nm red laser significantly decreased PDT of hBM-MSCs. One-way ANOVA demonstrated that the 630 + 810 laser significantly stimulated cellular viability, and significantly decreased PDT and apoptosis of hBM-MSCs and hASCs. Two-way ANOVA analysis showed that PBM with the 630 nm red laser and 630 + 810 nm laser significantly stimulated cellular viability of hASCs compared to the control hASCs, and experimental and control hBM-MSCs. Our study demonstrated that PBM with the combined 630 + 810 nm lasers significantly stimulated cell viability, and significantly decreased PDT and apoptosis of hBM-MSCs and hASCs in vitro. We reported new in vitro evidence where PBM administered at 630 nm (one and two times, 0.6 and 1.2 J/cm2) and 630 + 810 nm (three times, 2.4 J/cm2) significantly increased hASC cell viability compared to its control and the PBM-treated hBM-MSC groups.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Lasers de Gás , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos da radiação , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos da radiação , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Células-Tronco/efeitos da radiação
17.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111648, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710924

RESUMO

Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have been recently recognized as highly efficient photothermal therapy (PTT) agents. Here, we demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, dose and laser intensity dependent PTT potential of small, spherical, 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane coated cationic superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (APTMS@SPIONs) in aqueous solutions upon irradiation at 795 nm. Indocyanine green (ICG) which has been recently used for photodynamic therapy (PDT), was loaded to APTMS@SPIONs to improve the stability of ICG and to achieve an effective mild PTT and PDT (dual therapy) combination for synergistic therapeutic effect on cancer cells via a single laser treatment in the near infrared (NIR). Neither APTMS@SPIONs nor ICG-APTMS@SPIONs showed dark toxicity on MCF7 breast and HT29 colon cancer cell lines. A safe laser procedure was determined as 10 min irradiation at 795 nm with 1.8 W/cm2 of laser intensity, at which APTMS@SPION did not cause a significant cell death. However, free ICG reduced cell viability at and above 10 µg/ml under these conditions along with generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), more effectively in MCF7. ICG-APTMS@SPION treated cells showed 2-fold increase in ROS generation and near complete cell death at and below 5 µg/ml ICG dose, even in less sensitive HT29 cells after a single laser treatment at NIR, which would be safe for the healthy tissue and provide a longer penetration depth. Besides, both components can be utilized for diagnosis and the overall composition may be used for optical-image guided phototherapy in the NIR region.


Assuntos
Verde de Indocianina/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/toxicidade , Propilaminas/química , Silanos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/farmacologia , Raios Infravermelhos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fototerapia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente
18.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 201: 111683, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710928

RESUMO

In recent years dendrimers have fascinated the investigators towards targeted drug delivery because of their versatile framework and exhibit immense potentiality in entrapping drug moieties through host-guest interactions and serve as a promising vector in biological applications. The current investigation is focused on developing pegylated citric acid cefotaxime dendrimers through the divergent method and its characterization through spectroscopic, microscopic, thermal and microscopic techniques. Among the spectroscopic techniques, 1H NMR and 13C NMR elucidated the key functional groups at various chemical shifts while ESI-MS pointed out the molecular weight of cefotaxime sodium in various generations. Similarly, FTIR, DSC, and AFM investigations detailed that the generations are devoid of incompatibilities, structural deformities and can be opted for targeted drug delivery. The drug entrapment studies and in-vitro drug release studies highlight CFTX G5 containing 92.4% entrapment efficacy and 83.8% drug release in 48 h and specifies a sustain release characteristics. In connection to the above, the in-vivo studies reveal a potent antibacterial activity against various gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms with a decreased hemolysis and cytotoxicity effects and reflect a high margin of safety regarding pegylated CFTX dendrimers. Further, the antibacterial activities are supported through confocal microscopy that clarified the cellular uptake of dendritic molecules and their internalization.


Assuntos
Cefotaxima/química , Ácido Cítrico/química , Dendrímeros/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Células A549 , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cefotaxima/metabolismo , Cefotaxima/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Meia-Vida , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Polietilenoglicóis/química
19.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 200: 111635, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671372

RESUMO

Parkinson disease is one of the most common neurological movement disorders affecting geriatric population. Biosynthesized gold nanoparticles are the ideal alternatives spotlighted by many researchers to treat various diseases. In the present study we synthesized gold nanoparticles using the root extract of Paeonia mountan, woody trees which are used in traditional Chinese medicine to be prescribed for diverse diseases. The synthesis of gold nanoparticles was confirmed with UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis and characterized using FTIR, HR-TEM, EDAX and XRD analysis. The cytotoxicity property of synthesized gold nanoparticles was assessed using MTT assay in the murine microglial BV2 cells. The neuroprotective effect of synthesized gold nanoparticles in inflammatory agent lipopolysaccharides triggered murine microglial BV2 cells was evaluated using nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2 and inflammatory cytokines assays such as IL-6&IL-1ß. Further to confirm in vivo effect of synthesized nanoparticles, the nanoparticles were treated to Parkinson induced C57BL/6 mice. Behavioral, biochemical and molecular analysis were performed to estimate the potency of synthesized gold nanoparticles against the Parkinson induction in mice model. Our characterization results prove the gold nanoparticles synthesized using Paeonia mountan fulfills the requirement of ideal nanodrug and it potentially inhibited the inflammation in in vitro murine microglial BV2. The results of in vivo experiments authentically confirm gold nanoparticles synthesized using Paeonia mountan alleviates the neuroinflammation and improves the motor coordination in Parkinson induced mice.


Assuntos
Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Paeonia/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/química , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Química Verde , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/citologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Paeonia/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Doença de Parkinson/veterinária , Raízes de Plantas/química , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 285, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692877

RESUMO

Introduction: Pesticides are used as essential tools to control vector-borne diseases and agricultural pests and maintain quality and quantity crop production. Scientists attempt to use derived plant natural products due to environmental safety and low mammalian toxicity. Therefore, the cytotoxicity of malathion and Nepeta crispa essential oil against vertebrate L929 and invertebrate Sf9 cell lines were investigated. Methods: About 2×103 cells were placed into the wells of a 96-well plate experiments. Then appropriate concentrations of malathion and N. crispa essential oil added to the wells. The cells were allowed to grow for 3-5 days and estimated the cell numbers. Control cell wells contained only cells with DMSO. All treatments and controls repeated at least four replicates. Results: About 2×103 cells were placed into the wells of a 96-well plate experiments. Then appropriate concentrations of malathion and N. crispa essential oil added to the wells. The cells were allowed to grow for 3-5 days and estimated the cell numbers. Control cell wells contained only cells with DMSO. All treatments and controls repeated at least four replicates. Conclusion: Plant essential oil not only had no negative effects but also had boosting effects on the L929 cell viability. Nepeta crispa essential oil had negative effects on the Sf9 cell viability with the differences that derived plant natural products containing environmentally friendly and readily biodegradable derivatives, hydrolyzing rapidly in nature and nearly having no destructive effects on mammals and environment.


Assuntos
Malation/toxicidade , Nepeta/química , Óleos Voláteis/toxicidade , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Células Sf9 , Spodoptera
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