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1.
BMC Nephrol ; 22(1): 100, 2021 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to present the demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, and outcomes of our multicenter cohort of adult KTx recipients with COVID-19. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective study using data of patients hospitalized for COVID-19 collected from 34 centers in Turkey. Demographic characteristics, clinical findings, laboratory parameters (hemogram, CRP, AST, ALT, LDH, and ferritin) at admission and follow-up, and treatment strategies were reviewed. Predictors of poor clinical outcomes were analyzed. The primary outcomes were in-hospital mortality and the need for ICU admission. The secondary outcome was composite in-hospital mortality and/or ICU admission. RESULTS: One hundred nine patients (male/female: 63/46, mean age: 48.4 ± 12.4 years) were included in the study. Acute kidney injury (AKI) developed in 46 (42.2%) patients, and 4 (3.7%) of the patients required renal replacement therapy (RRT). A total of 22 (20.2%) patients were admitted in the ICU, and 19 (17.4%) patients required invasive mechanical ventilation. 14 (12.8%) of the patients died. Patients who were admitted in the ICU were significantly older (age over 60 years) (38.1% vs 14.9%, p = 0.016). 23 (21.1%) patients reached to composite outcome and these patients were significantly older (age over 60 years) (39.1% vs. 13.9%; p = 0.004), and had lower serum albumin (3.4 g/dl [2.9-3.8] vs. 3.8 g/dl [3.5-4.1], p = 0.002), higher serum ferritin (679 µg/L [184-2260] vs. 331 µg/L [128-839], p = 0.048), and lower lymphocyte counts (700/µl [460-950] vs. 860 /µl [545-1385], p = 0.018). Multivariable analysis identified presence of ischemic heart disease and initial serum creatinine levels as independent risk factors for mortality, whereas age over 60 years and initial serum creatinine levels were independently associated with ICU admission. On analysis for predicting secondary outcome, age above 60 and initial lymphocyte count were found to be independent variables in multivariable analysis. CONCLUSION: Over the age of 60, ischemic heart disease, lymphopenia, poor graft function were independent risk factors for severe COVID-19 in this patient group. Whereas presence of ischemic heart disease and poor graft function were independently associated with mortality.


Assuntos
/complicações , Transplante de Rim , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , /mortalidade , Creatinina/sangue , Cuidados Críticos , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/complicações , Terapia de Substituição Renal , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Transplantados , Resultado do Tratamento , Turquia/epidemiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23750, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371134

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Although pediatric split liver transplantation (SLT) has been proven safe and the waitlist mortality rate has been successfully reduced, the safety of adult SLT has not been confirmed.Using 1:2 matching, 47 recipients who underwent adult SLT were matched to 94 of 743 recipients who underwent adult whole graft liver transplantation (WGLT). Eventually, 141 recipients were included in the case-control study. Subgroup analysis of 43 recipients in the SLT group was performed based on the presence of the middle hepatic vein (MHV) in the grafts.No significant differences in 5-year survival (80.8% vs 81.6%, P = .465) were observed between the adult SLT and WGLT groups. However, compared to recipients in the WGLT group, those in the SLT group had more Clavien-Dindo grade III-V complications, longer hospitalization duration, and higher mortality within 45 days. Furthermore, on multivariate analysis, 45-day postoperative mortality in recipients in the SLT group was mainly affected by hyperbilirubinemia within postoperative day (POD) 7-14, surgery time, and intraoperative blood loss. Subgroup analysis showed no significant differences in hyperbilirubinemia within POD 7-14, complications, and survival rate between SLTMHV(+) and SLTMHV [-].Adult SLT is safe and effective based on long-term survival rates; however, a reduction in the incidence of short-term complications is required. Non-obstructive hyperbilirubinemia within POD 7 to 14 is an independent predictor of short-term mortality after SLT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação , Testes de Função Hepática , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
3.
Transplantation ; 104(8): 1553-1559, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732831

RESUMO

Although over 90 000 people are on the kidney transplant waitlist in the United States, some kidneys that are viable for transplantation are discarded. Transplant surgeons are more likely to discard deceased donors with acute kidney injury (AKI) versus without AKI (30% versus 18%). AKI is defined using changes in creatinine from baseline. Transplant surgeons can use DonorNet data, including admission, peak, and terminal serum creatinine, and biopsy data when available to differentiate kidneys with AKI from those with chronic injury. Although chronic kidney disease is associated with reduced graft survival, an abundance of literature has demonstrated similar graft survival for deceased donors with AKI versus donors without AKI. Donors with AKI are more likely to undergo delayed graft function but have similar long-term outcomes as donors without AKI. The mechanism for similar graft survival is unclear. Some hypothesized mechanisms include (1) ischemic preconditioning; (2) posttransplant and host factors playing a greater role in long-term survival than donor factors; and (3) selection bias of transplanting only relatively healthy donor kidneys with AKI. Existing literature suggests transplanting more donor kidneys with stage 1 and 2 AKI, and cautious utilization of stage 3 AKI donors, may increase the pool of viable kidneys. Doing so can reduce the number of people who die on the waitlist by over 500 every year.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Função Retardada do Enxerto/epidemiologia , Seleção do Doador/métodos , Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Aloenxertos/patologia , Aloenxertos/fisiopatologia , Aloenxertos/provisão & distribução , Biomarcadores/análise , Biópsia , Creatinina/sangue , Função Retardada do Enxerto/etiologia , Função Retardada do Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Seleção do Doador/normas , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Humanos , Rim/patologia , Rim/fisiopatologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Rim/normas , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
4.
Transplantation ; 104(8): e236-e242, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proper care of young children in need of kidney transplant (KT) requires many skilled professionals and an expensive hospital structure. Small children have lesser access to KT. METHODS: We describe a strategy performed in Brazil to enable and accelerate KT in children ≤15 kg based on the establishment of one specialized transplant center, focused on small children, and cooperating with distant centers throughout the country. Actions on 3 fronts were implemented: (a) providing excellent medical assistance, (b) coordinating educational activities to disseminate expertise and establish a professional network, and (c) fostering research to promote scientific knowledge. We presented the number and outcomes of small children KT as a result of this strategy. RESULTS: Three hundred forty-six pediatric KTs were performed in the specialized center from 2009 to 2017, being 130 in children ≤15 kg (38%, being 41 children ≤10 kg) and 216 in >15 kg (62%). Patient survival after 1 and 5 years of the transplant was 97% and 95% in the "small children" group, whereas, in the "heavier children" group, it was 99% and 96% (P = 0.923). Regarding graft survival, we observed in the "small children" group, 91% and 87%, whereas in the "heavier children" group, 94% and 87% (P = 0.873). These results are comparable to the literature data. Groups were similar in the incidence of reoperation, vascular thrombosis, posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease, and estimated glomerular filtration rate. CONCLUSIONS: The strategy allowed an improvement in the number of KT in small children with excellent results. We believe this experience may be useful in other locations.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Hospitais Pediátricos/organização & administração , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo para o Tratamento/organização & administração , Adolescente , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Pediátricos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Falência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Transplantation ; 104(8): 1675-1685, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of pregnancy in kidney transplantation (KT) recipients is increasing. Studies report that the incidence of graft loss (GL) during pregnancy is low, but less data are available on long-term effects of pregnancy on the graft. METHODS: Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis and systematic review on GL and graft function, measured by serum creatinine (SCr), after pregnancy in KT recipients, stratified in years postpartum. Furthermore, we included studies of nulliparous KT recipients. RESULTS: Our search yielded 38 studies on GL and 18 studies on SCr. The pooled incidence of GL was 9.4% within 2 years after pregnancy, 9.2% within 2-5 years, 22.3% within 5-10 years, and 38.5% >10 years postpartum. In addition, our data show that, in case of graft survival, SCr remains stable over the years. Only within 2 years postpartum, Δ SCr was marginally higher (0.18 mg/dL, 95%CI [0.05-0.32], P = 0.01). Furthermore, no differences in GL were observed in 10 studies comparing GL after pregnancy with nulliparous controls. Systematic review of the literature showed that mainly prepregnancy proteinuria, hypertension, and high SCr are risk factors for GL. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these data show that pregnancy after KT has no effect on long-term graft survival and only a possible effect on graft function within 2 years postpartum. This might be due to publication bias. No significant differences were observed between pre- and postpartum SCr at longer follow-up intervals.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Período Pós-Parto/fisiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco
6.
Transplantation ; 104(8): 1720-1725, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of opioid use in lung transplant candidates on posttransplant outcomes is unknown. Studies on opioid therapy in kidney and liver transplant candidates have suggested increased risk of graft failure or death. We sought to analyze the relationship between pretransplant opioid use in lung transplant candidates and retransplant-free survival. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed adult patients transplanted consecutively between November 2004 and August 2015. The exposure was any opioid use at time of transplant listing and primary outcome was retransplant-free survival, analyzed via Cox regression model adjusted for recipient age, gender, ethnicity, diagnosis, and bridging status. Secondary outcomes included duration of ventilation, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay, 3-month and 1-year survival, continuing opioid use at 1 year, and time to onset of chronic lung allograft dysfunction. RESULTS: The prevalence of opioid use at time of listing was 14% (61/425). Median daily oral morphine equivalent dose was 31 mg (18-54). Recipient ethnicity was associated with pretransplant opioid use. Opioid use at time of listing did not increase risk of death or retransplantation in an adjusted model (hazard ratio 1.12 [95% confidence interval 0.65-1.83], P = 0.6570). Secondary outcomes were similar between groups except hospital length of stay (opioid users 35 versus nonusers 27 d, P = 0.014). Continued opioid use at 1-year posttransplant was common (27/56, 48%). CONCLUSIONS: Pretransplant opioid use was not associated with retransplant-free survival in our cohort and should not necessarily preclude listing. Further work stratifying opioid use by indication and the association with opioid use disorder would be worthwhile.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Pneumopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Aloenxertos/efeitos dos fármacos , Aloenxertos/fisiopatologia , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Volume Expiratório Forçado/efeitos dos fármacos , Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/cirurgia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Pneumopatias/complicações , Pneumopatias/mortalidade , Transplante de Pulmão/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor/etiologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 218: 288-295, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619607

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in eyes that had previously undergone trabeculectomy and/or drainage device implantation. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative case series. METHODS: Medical records of 251 consecutive DMEK procedures performed by 1 surgeon (S.X.D.) from 2013 to 2017 were reviewed. Patients with ≥2 years of follow-up were divided into 3 groups: eyes with prior glaucoma surgery (ST), eyes with medically treated glaucoma (MT), and eyes without glaucoma (NG). Main outcomes measured were visual acuity, endothelial cell count (ECC), rates of secondary graft failure (SGF), and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Ninety procedures (87 eyes) met inclusion criteria. The mean follow-up period of all eyes was 38.4 ± 11.2 months (range, 24.2-64.4 months). At last follow-up, the proportion of eyes reaching a vision of ≥20/40 was higher than that before the DMEK procedure in each group (all P < .05). The rate of ECC loss was the highest in the ST group compared to that in the MT and NG groups (63.8% vs 47.6% vs 44.0%, respectively; P < .05) as well as the rate of SGF (41.6% vs 0% vs 2.4%, respectively; P < .05). The rate of SGF of repeat DMEK was higher than that of primary DMEK (P < .05). The rates of postoperative complications were similar among all groups (all P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: In eyes with prior glaucoma surgery, DMEK achieved good long-term visual outcomes but experienced a higher rate of SGF than eyes without such comorbidity.


Assuntos
Doenças da Córnea/cirurgia , Ceratoplastia Endotelial com Remoção da Lâmina Limitante Posterior , Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Trabeculectomia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Contagem de Células , Doenças da Córnea/fisiopatologia , Perda de Células Endoteliais da Córnea/diagnóstico , Epitélio Posterior/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2939, 2020 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546694

RESUMO

There is a limited access to liver transplantation, however, many organs are discarded based on subjective assessment only. Here we report the VITTAL clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT02740608) outcomes, using normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) to objectively assess livers discarded by all UK centres meeting specific high-risk criteria. Thirty-one livers were enroled and assessed by viability criteria based on the lactate clearance to levels ≤2.5 mmol/L within 4 h. The viability was achieved by 22 (71%) organs, that were transplanted after a median preservation time of 18 h, with 100% 90-day survival. During the median follow up of 542 days, 4 (18%) patients developed biliary strictures requiring re-transplantation. This trial demonstrates that viability testing with NMP is feasible and in this study enabled successful transplantation of 71% of discarded livers, with 100% 90-day patient and graft survival; it does not seem to prevent non-anastomotic biliary strictures in livers donated after circulatory death with prolonged warm ischaemia.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Fígado/fisiologia , Preservação de Órgãos/métodos , Doadores de Tecidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Preservação de Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Perfusão/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 218: 1-6, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437670

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study compared the outcomes after Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in pseudophakic patients with the outcomes after DMEK combined with cataract surgery (triple-DMEK) in patients with Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy (FED). DESIGN: Retrospective, single-institution, interventional, consecutive case series. METHODS: Outcomes of 114 DMEKs in patients with FED at a minimum of 1-year follow-up were reviewed. A total of 34 eyes (29 patients) were pseudophakic and underwent only DMEK (DMEK-only), and 80 eyes (56 patients) underwent triple-DMEK. Main outcome measurements included endothelial cell loss (ECL), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central corneal thickness (CCT), and complications. RESULTS: At 1 month, ECL was 25% (±16%) and 35% (±15%) in DMEK-only and triple-DMEK groups, respectively. At 1 year, ECL was 33% (±13%) and 41% (±16%) in DMEK-only and triple-DMEK groups, respectively. There was statistically significantly less ECL after DMEK-only than after triple-DMEK at both 1 month (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.67-15.02; P = .016) and 1 year (95% CI: 1.06-14.07; P = .034). CCT was significantly lower after DMEK-only than after triple-DMEK at 1 month but not at 1 year. BCVA was excellent and similar in the 2 groups. There were no cases of graft failure. Graft rejection and rebubbling rates were similar in DMEK-only and triple-DMEK groups: rejection occured in 8.8% and 8.75% of cases respectively (P = .50), and rebubbling in 2.9% and 2.5% respectively (P = .44). CONCLUSIONS: Both the DMEK-only and the triple-DMEK groups had low rebubbling rates and good visual outcomes, but the combined triple-DMEK procedure resulted in significantly greater loss of endothelial cells than DMEK-only surgery at both 1 month and 1 year.


Assuntos
Perda de Células Endoteliais da Córnea/etiologia , Ceratoplastia Endotelial com Remoção da Lâmina Limitante Posterior/efeitos adversos , Distrofia Endotelial de Fuchs/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Contagem de Células , Córnea/patologia , Perda de Células Endoteliais da Córnea/diagnóstico , Perda de Células Endoteliais da Córnea/fisiopatologia , Epitélio Posterior/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Distrofia Endotelial de Fuchs/fisiopatologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Facoemulsificação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
10.
Anaesthesia ; 75(9): 1191-1204, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430910

RESUMO

Mortality remains high for patients on the waiting list for organ transplantation. A marked imbalance between the number of available organs and recipients that need to be transplanted persists. Organs from deceased donors are often declined due to perceived and actual suboptimal quality. Adequate donor management offers an opportunity to reduce organ injury and maximise the number of organs than can be offered in order to respect the donor's altruistic gift. The cornerstones of management include: correction of hypovolaemia; maintenance of organ perfusion; prompt treatment of diabetes insipidus; corticosteroid therapy; and lung protective ventilation. The interventions used to deliver these goals are largely based on pathophysiological rationale or extrapolations from general critical care patients. There is currently insufficient high-quality evidence that has assessed whether any interventions in the donor after brain death may actually improve immediate post-transplant function and long-term graft survival or recipient survival after transplantation. Improvements in our understanding of the underlying mechanisms following brain death, in particular the role of immunological and metabolic changes in donors, offer promising future therapeutic opportunities to increase organ utilisation. Establishing a UK donor management research programme involves consideration of ethical, logistical and legal issues that will benefit transplanted patients while respecting the wishes of donors and their families.


Assuntos
Morte Encefálica , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doadores de Tecidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Transplante de Órgãos/tendências , Análise de Sobrevida , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/tendências , Reino Unido , Listas de Espera
11.
Transplant Proc ; 52(6): 1825-1828, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32446690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), a graft-to-recipient weight ratio (GRWR) of under 0.8 is recognized as the critical graft size. Our aim was to compare the survival rates of recipients with small-for-size grafts (SFSG: GRWR <0.8), normal-sized grafts (NSG), and large-for-size grafts (LFSG: GRWR ≥ 3.5) and to investigate the mortality risk with SFSG. METHODS: Between 1991 and April 2019, we performed 188 LDLT surgeries. Recently, we added splenectomy when portal vein pressure is high (>17 mm Hg) to interrupt the splenic bloodstream. We divided all LDLT cases retrospectively into 3 groups: an SFSG group (n = 22), NSG group (n = 154), and LFSG group (n = 12). We investigated the survival rates in these groups. Furthermore, we divided the SFSG group into 2 subgroups: an SFSG with splenectomy (SFSG+S) group (n = 7) and an SFSG without splenectomy group. We investigated the occurrence rates of lethal complications such as portal vein thrombosis, hepatic artery thrombosis, and hepatic vein thrombosis. RESULTS: The 5-year survival rate in the SFSG group was significantly lower (52.8%) than in the other groups (NSG: 84.5%; LFSG: 83.3%), but that of the SFSG+S group was similar (80.0%) to that of other groups. There was no difference in the occurrence of postoperative complications such as portal vein thrombosis, hepatic artery thrombosis, or hepatic vein thrombosis between the SFSG+S group and other groups. CONCLUSIONS: Graft survival of LDLT using SFSG+S was as good as that of normal-sized grafts. Reducing portal vein pressure was important for SFSG.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Esplenectomia/métodos , Transplantes/anatomia & histologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tamanho do Órgão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 218: 7-16, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32446739

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate 4-year outcomes of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in eyes with previous glaucoma surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative case series. METHODS: Patients with previous trabeculectomy or glaucoma drainage device (GDD) implantation who later underwent DMEK (study group) were matched for follow-up duration with Fuchs dystrophy DMEK patients (control group). The minimum follow-up was 18 months. Primary outcomes included graft survival and rejection rates, and secondary outcomes included rates of detachment/rebubble, endothelial cell loss, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and glaucoma medications/surgeries. Subgroup analysis compared eyes with and without a GDD. RESULTS: Ninety-four eyes of 91 patients were included. There were 51 eyes of 49 patients in the study group (GDD = 32 eyes, no GDD = 19 eyes) and 43 eyes of 42 patients in the control group. The mean follow-up was 37.9 ± 15.2 and 33.8 ± 13.5 months, respectively (P = .322). Graft survival probability of the study group at 12, 24, 36, and 48 months was 75%, 60%, 43%, and 27%, respectively, compared with a consistent 88% in the control group (P < .001). Survival curves of study subgroups (GDD and no GDD) were significantly lower than the control group (P < .001). Rejection rates in the study and control groups were 19.6% and 2.3%, respectively (P = .010). Endothelial cell loss in the study group was 12%-22% higher than the control group at 12, 24, 36, and 48 months (P = .049, P = .027, P = .200, and P = .004). CONCLUSIONS: In eyes with previous glaucoma surgery, DMEK has good early outcomes, but longer-term rejection and failure rates are high. Physicians and patients should be cognizant of the high likelihood of graft failure in this setting.


Assuntos
Ceratoplastia Endotelial com Remoção da Lâmina Limitante Posterior , Distrofia Endotelial de Fuchs/cirurgia , Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Trabeculectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Perda de Células Endoteliais da Córnea/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Distrofia Endotelial de Fuchs/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
13.
Ann Hematol ; 99(6): 1341-1350, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32342134

RESUMO

The influence of peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) graft cell contents after transplant with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY) remains unclear. Here, we retrospectively report on a cohort of 77 adults who received a Baltimore-based reduced-intensity conditioning regimen either with fludarabine (n = 40) or clofarabine (n = 37) and PTCY. With a median follow-up of 29.2 months, [2-]year overall (OS), disease-free (DFS), and GVHD/relapse-free survival (GRFS) rates were 62.8%, 51%, and 36.7%, respectively. The incidence of grades [2-]4 acute GVHD was significantly higher in patients transplanted with a haplodonor (n = 56), at 57.1% vs 19% (p = 0.006). PBSC graft cell contents (CD45+, CD34+, and CD3+ cells) had no impact on any outcome. Considering immune reconstitution until 1 year, only monocytes were above the normal range (as early as day + 30) during the first year post-transplant. In multivariate analysis, an older donor (> 45 years) and a high/very high disease risk index were independently associated with lower OS. A higher monocyte count (> median) at day + 90 was also associated with better OS, DFS, and GRFS. Donor/recipient CMV status matching was independently associated with GRFS. In conclusion, our data support the fact that there is no need to manipulate the graft before infusion in the particular context of PBSC/PTCY Baltimore-based allotransplant.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD34/sangue , Complexo CD3/sangue , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/tendências , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(5): 1183-1195, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32332538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence has demonstrated that adipose-derived stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles enhance the survival of fat grafts and the browning of white adipose tissue. We evaluated whether supplementation with adipose-derived stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles promotes the survival and browning of fat grafts. METHODS: Extracellular vesicles derived from adipose-derived stem cells were injected into fat grafts of C57BL/6 mice once per week until postgraft week 12. The grafts were collected and weighed after postgraft weeks 2, 4, and 12. The histological morphology, neovascularization, and the proportion of M2 macrophages of grafts were evaluated. The ability of extracellular vesicles to promote macrophage polarization and catecholamine secretion was detected. Whether the inducement of browning adipose differentiation is extracellular vesicles or the paracrine effect of M2 macrophages polarized by extracellular vesicles was also verified. RESULTS: Grafts treated by extracellular vesicles derived from adipose-derived stem cells showed enhanced beige adipose regeneration with increased neovascularization, M2 macrophage proportion, and norepinephrine secretion at postgraft week 4. Increased retention and decreased fibrosis and necrosis were noted at postgraft week 12. The extracellular vesicles uptake by macrophages promoted M2 type polarization and catecholamine secretion while suppressing M1 type polarization. Of note, browning adipose differentiation with enhanced energy expenditure could be promoted only by the conditioned medium from extracellular vesicle-polarized M2 macrophages but not by extracellular vesicles themselves. CONCLUSIONS: Supplementation with extracellular vesicles derived from adipose-derived stem cells increases fat graft survival and browning by which extracellular vesicles-polarized M2 macrophages secrete catecholamines to promote beige adipose regeneration.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Bege/fisiologia , Tecido Adiposo Branco/transplante , Vesículas Extracelulares/transplante , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Células-Tronco/citologia , Tecido Adiposo Branco/citologia , Tecido Adiposo Branco/fisiologia , Adulto , Animais , Catecolaminas/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais , Regeneração , Adulto Jovem
15.
Transplant Proc ; 52(4): 1136-1139, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI) was created in 2014 to measure the likelihood of graft failure for a given donor compared with the median kidney donor from the previous year. This scale is based on the American population only. Mexico is one of the countries with greater incidence of chronic kidney disease, a long waiting list, and not enough kidney donors with KDPI smaller than 80%. This has led transplant centers to take kidney grafts with a higher KDPI. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the agreement between the KDPI and histologic scores (preimplantation renal biopsy) and assess the relationship between the Kidney Donor Risk Index (KDRI), KDPI, and the histologic score on graft survival. METHODS: A retrospective, analytical, transversal study was performed. Data were collected from patients with kidney grafts from deceased donors from January 1, 2011, to June 30, 2019, at our hospital. The variables analyzed were age, weight, height, sex, race and/or ethnicity, history of hypertension or diabetes, cause of death, serum creatinine, KDPI, KDRI, and biopsy result from each graft prior to transplant. RESULTS: The total population was 59 deceased kidney donors. For our patients, a high KDPI did not increase mortality rate; it provided greater benefit than staying on dialysis. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the use of KDRI should only be considered to assess the degree of fibrosis, not to rule out a transplantable kidney, in addition to the consistent demonstration that high KDPI kidneys (even 91%-100%) confer greater survival benefits to patients regarding the waiting list.


Assuntos
Seleção do Doador/métodos , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Rim , Doadores de Tecidos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/mortalidade , Masculino , México , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0230995, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240235

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Historically, liver allografts with >30% macrosteatosis (MaS) on donor biopsy have been associated with early allograft dysfunction and worse graft survival; however, successful outcomes have been reported in small cohorts. This study proposes an elevated MaS threshold for organ utilization without detriment to graft survival. METHODS: The UNOS Standard Transplant Analysis and Research database was evaluated for transplants between 2006-2015. Graft survival up to 1-year was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier (KM) survival analyses, and by univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses, including donor and recipient characteristics. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for risk of graft loss are reported. RESULTS: Thirty-day risk of graft loss was increased with MaS as low as 10-19% (OR [95% CI] 1.301 [1.055-1.605], p<0.0001) and peaked with MaS 50-59% (2.921 [1.672-5.103]). At 1-year, risk of graft loss remained elevated with MaS 40-49% (1.465 [1.002-2.142]) and MaS 50-59% (1.978 [1.281-3.056], p = 0.0224). Multivariable models were created for Lower and Higher MELD recipients and MaS cutoffs were established. In Lower MELD recipients, organs with ≥50% MaS had increased risk of graft loss at 30 days (2.451 [1.541-3.897], p = 0.0008) and 1-year post-transplant (1.720 [1.224-2.418], p = 0.0125). Higher MELD recipients had increased risk of graft loss at 30 days with allografts showing MaS ≥40% (4.204 [1.440-5.076], p = 0.0016). At 1-year the risk remained increased, but MaS was not significant predictor of graft loss.048 [1.131-3.710], p = 0.0616). In both MELD cohorts, organs with MaS levels below threshold had similar survival to those transplanted without a donor biopsy. CONCLUSIONS: In conjunction with recipient selection, organs with MaS up to 50% may be safely used without detriment to outcomes.


Assuntos
Aloenxertos/cirurgia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Adulto , Bases de Dados Factuais , Seleção do Doador/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Doadores de Tecidos , Transplante Homólogo/mortalidade , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Med. intensiva (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 44(3): 150-159, abr. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190561

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Comparison of different diagnostic criteria for early liver allograft dysfunction (EAD) and their capability to predict mortality. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective, cohort study. SETTINGS: ICU in a Regional Hospital with a liver transplant program since 1997. PATIENTS: 253 consecutive patients admitted to our ICU immediately after liver transplantation between 2009 and 2015. Variables of interest: Differences in the incidence of EAD and its relation with ICU, Hospital and 2-year mortality depending on the definition applied using as comparator the UNOS (United Network for Organ Sharing) primary non-function criterion. RESULTS: The incidence of early liver allograft dysfunction according to UNOS was 13.8%, to Makowka 6.3%, to Ardite 10.7%, to Nanashima 20.6%, to Dhillon 30.8% and to MEAF 13.4%. Kappa test did not show a good correlation among these criteria. EAD was related with ICU mortality for all diagnostic criteria except Dhillon but only UNOS, Makowka and MEAF were associated with 2-year mortality. Hospital mortality was poorly predicted by all criteria except for the MEAF score. CONCLUSIÓN: We found a poor agreement between different criteria analyzed for the diagnosis of EAD. In our population, the MEAF score showed the best relationship with short- and long-term mortality


OBJETIVO: Comparar diferentes criterios diagnósticos de disfunción temprana del aloinjerto hepático y su capacidad para predecir mortalidad. DISEÑO: Estudio de cohortes prospectivo, unicéntrico. Ámbito: Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos de un Hospital Regional con programa de trasplante hepático desde 1997. PACIENTES: 253 pacientes consecutivos ingresados en nuestra UCI inmediatamente después del trasplante entre 2009-2015. Variables de interés: Incidencia de disfunción temprana del aloinjerto hepático según cada criterio diagnóstico, relación entre disfunción grave acorde a cada criterio y mortalidad en UCI, mortalidad hospitalaria y a los 2 años utilizando como comparador el criterio para fallo primario de la UNOS (United Network for Organ Sharing). RESULTADOS: La incidencia de disfunción temprana según UNOS fue 13.8%, Makowka 6.3%, Ardite 10.7%, Nanashima 20.6%, Dhillon 30.8% y MEAF 13.4%. El coeficiente kappa mostró una pobre correlación entre ellos. Todos los criterios, excepto el de Dhillon, mostraron relación con la mortalidad en la UCI, pero solo los criterios de UNOS, Makowka y MEAF se asociaron con la mortalidad a 2 años. Finalmente, la capacidad predictiva de la mortalidad hospitalaria fue baja para todos, excepto para MEAF. CONCLUSIÓN: Existe una pobre correlación entre diferentes criterios diagnósticos de disfunción temprana del injerto hepático. El MEAF muestra la mejor relación con el pronóstico a corto y largo plazo en nuestra población


Assuntos
Humanos , Transplante de Fígado , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Disfunção Primária do Enxerto/diagnóstico , Estudos de Coortes , Disfunção Primária do Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Aloenxertos/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Primária do Enxerto/epidemiologia
18.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 215: 49-55, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209343

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical results of repeat Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (re-DMEK) for failed primary DMEK graft at a referral center for keratoplasty in Spain. DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional, comparative case series. METHODS: From a single-center, single-surgeon series of 189 consecutive DMEK surgeries, 14 (7.41%) were re-DMEK eyes. The primary outcome was best-corrected visual acuity change (ΔBCVA, logarithm of minimal angle of resolution [logMAR]) from baseline (before first DMEK) to last follow-up. Secondary outcomes were ΔBCVA from baseline at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively, endothelial cell loss (%ECL), rebubbling rate, and re-DMEK graft failure. Outcomes were compared with an age-matched control group of 18 successful primary DMEK eyes. RESULTS: After re-DMEK (median follow-up time 14.5 [42.5] months), mean BCVA improved from 0.55 (0.42) logMAR (Snellen 20/71 [20/53]) at baseline to 0.09 (0.26) logMAR (Snellen 20/25 [20/36]; P = .037). ΔBCVA from baseline was statistically significant at months 3 (P = .028), 6 (P = .023), and 12 (P = .012), and ΔBCVA was significant observed between months 6 and 12 (P = .028). BCVA differences between patient groups were statistically nonsignificant at 3 (P = .397), 6 (P = .468), and 12 months (P = .647). Mean %ECL in re-DMEK eyes with follow-up ≥12 months was 48.2 (15.1%), and the rebubbling rate was 28.6%; differences between groups were statistically nonsignificant for both variables (P = .580 and P = .669, respectively). Three re-DMEK eyes developed graft failure, all achieving final BCVA ≤0.30 logMAR (Snellen ≥20/40) after tertiary keratoplasty. CONCLUSIONS: Repeat DMEK produces significant, continuous visual improvement after failed primary DMEK. Although visual outcomes and %ECL were comparable to primary DMEK, there was a relatively high rate of graft failure after re-DMEK.


Assuntos
Ceratoplastia Endotelial com Remoção da Lâmina Limitante Posterior , Rejeição de Enxerto/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Contagem de Células , Perda de Células Endoteliais da Córnea/diagnóstico , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/fisiopatologia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Doadores de Tecidos , Falha de Tratamento , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia
19.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(4): 697e-705e, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In deep inferior epigastric perforator flap surgery, the amount of perfusion achievable in the contralateral side over a midline is unclear. Predicting contralateral perfusion preoperatively using computed tomographic angiography will allow efficient breast reconstruction with decreased complications. The authors used computed tomographic angiography to determine whether contralateral perfusion is related to blood vessel status across the midline. METHODS: Preoperative computed tomographic angiography scans and intraoperative perfusion in patients who underwent breast reconstruction with a deep inferior epigastric perforator flap between January of 2018 and July of 2018 were checked prospectively. A vessel scoring system was prepared according to vessel density across the flap midline on the scan (grade 0, no visible vessels; grade 1, visible vessels with disconnection or could not be judged as grade 0 or 2; grade 2, definite vessels). Intraoperative flap perfusion was confirmed with indocyanine green angiography. Postoperative fat necrosis was analyzed using ultrasonography. RESULTS: Ninety-four patients were analyzed. Mean maximal contralateral perfusion length was as follows: grade 0, 7.50 ± 1.89 cm; grade 1, 7.93 ± 2.01 cm; and grade 2, 10.14 ± 2.29 cm. Grade 2 had a statistically significantly greater contralateral perfusion length than grade 0 (p < 0.001) and grade 1 (p < 0.001). Fat necrosis occurred in 27.3 percent (grade 0), 19.1 percent (grade 1), and 8 percent (grade 2), which was statistically significant (p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: A definite vessel connection across the midline (as in grade 2) in preoperative computed tomographic angiography indicates that contralateral perfusion will be sufficiently achieved. This vessel scoring system would be helpful in predicting flap perfusion and planning the surgery. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic, IV.


Assuntos
Artérias Epigástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Necrose Gordurosa/epidemiologia , Mamoplastia/efeitos adversos , Retalho Perfurante/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Parede Abdominal/irrigação sanguínea , Parede Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Adulto , Corantes/administração & dosagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Artérias Epigástricas/fisiologia , Necrose Gordurosa/etiologia , Necrose Gordurosa/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina/administração & dosagem , Mamoplastia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Retalho Perfurante/transplante , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Período Pré-Operatório , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 5654, 2020 03 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221367

RESUMO

Liver transplantation is one of the most effective treatments for end-stage liver disease, but the demand for livers is much higher than the available donor livers. Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score is a commonly used approach to prioritize patients, but previous studies have indicated that MELD score may fail to predict well for the postoperative patients. This work proposes to use data-driven approach to devise a predictive model to predict postoperative survival within 30 days based on patient's preoperative physiological measurement values. We use random forest (RF) to select important features, including clinically used features and new features discovered from physiological measurement values. Moreover, we propose a new imputation method to deal with the problem of missing values and the results show that it outperforms the other alternatives. In the predictive model, we use patients' blood test data within 1-9 days before surgery to construct the model to predict postoperative patients' survival. The experimental results on a real data set indicate that RF outperforms the other alternatives. The experimental results on the temporal validation set show that our proposed model achieves area under the curve (AUC) of 0.771 and specificity of 0.815, showing superior discrimination power in predicting postoperative survival.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Transplante de Fígado/mortalidade , Fígado/cirurgia , Área Sob a Curva , Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Doença Hepática Terminal/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Doadores de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento
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