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2.
Can Bull Med Hist ; 37(2): 395-426, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822552

RESUMO

The Association des médecins de langue française d'Amérique du Nord (AMLFAN) was founded in Québec at the turn of the twentieth century. The physicians who convened at the Association between 1902 and 1910 shared a concern for the degeneration of the French-Canadian "race" under the effects of alcoholism, tuberculosis, and syphilis. For hygienists such as Arthur Rousseau and Charles-Narcisse Valin, this state of degeneration called for hygienic measures that would help regenerate and improve the French-Canadian race. While their suggestion that marriages be matched scientifically in order to prevent the transmission of hereditary and acquired defects from parent to offspring may be reminiscent of eugenics, French-Canadian physicians seemed to have no knowledge of Sir Francis Galton - eugenics' "founding father" - and his work on the topic. This article compares French-Canadian eugenic discourses with Galtonian eugenics in order to shed light on the particularities of the French-Canadian case.


Assuntos
Eugenia (Ciência)/história , Higiene/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Congressos como Assunto/história , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino , Quebeque
3.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (7): 119, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736476

RESUMO

June 20, 2020 marked the 70th anniversary of the birth of Sergei Alexandrovich Sovtsov - a prominent Russian surgeon, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Honored Doctor of Russia, Vice-President of the Russian Society of Surgeons.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Federação Russa
4.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(1): 3149-164, 2020 06.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638605

RESUMO

Medicine and physicians in Dubrovnik during the last two centuries, i.e. in the period after the dissolution of the Republic of Dubrovnik by Napoleon's Army, have attracted less interest among medical historians. In this paper, the lives and medical careers of two physicians from Dubrovnik, father and son, Baldo and Ante Bibica, have been reconstructed from the end of the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century by searching through the contemporary medical journals and newspapers as well as private archives of the members of family Bibica. Baldo Bibica graduated medicine in Vienna and spent the whole professional life as a municipal physician, at first, in the places in the vicinity of Dubrovnik and from 1903 in Gruz. Ante Bibica studied medicine in Graz and in Zagreb to become the first person from Dubrovnik promoted at the School of Medicine, Zagreb University. He specialized in dermatovenereology in Vienna and worked, as a specialist, in Dubrovnik. They both were active in the professional medical societies (at local and national levels) and were influential in the social life in Dubrovnik.


Assuntos
Médicos/história , Áustria-Hungria , Croácia , Dermatologia/história , Medicina Geral/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas/história , Venereologia/história
5.
Presse Med ; 49(3): 104034, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650043

RESUMO

Treatment of vasculitides has benefited from the results of several prospective clinical trials focusing on the evaluation of new drugs, therapeutic strategies and adjuvant treatments. In the field of autoimmunity, vasculitides are the group of diseases for which the most important medical progress has been made, combining advances in understanding the pathogenetic mechanisms, classification of the various entities and willingness to evaluate treatments. Several international groups have been actively involved in these tasks. The French Vasculitis Study Group was the first to design and organize prospective trials in the field and to contribute to these medical advances. In this review, we analyze the different treatments and therapeutic strategies evaluated over the last few decades and, more precisely, the last 39 years by the French Vasculitis Study Group.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Poliarterite Nodosa/terapia , Sociedades Médicas , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/terapia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Cardiologia/história , Cardiologia/métodos , Cardiologia/organização & administração , Cardiologia/normas , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/história , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/organização & administração , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , França , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Troca Plasmática , Sociedades Médicas/história , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Sociedades Médicas/tendências
6.
Scand J Immunol ; 92(4): e12941, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697855

RESUMO

The Scandinavian Society for Immunology (SSI) was established with the purpose to advance the study of immunology in Scandinavia and to facilitate contacts between individuals and laboratories working within the field. To fulfill this the Society should organize scientific meetings and laboratory courses and take any other measure to support the development of immunology. A second objective was to establish contact and scientific exchange with other societies in Europe and overseas. By joining five national societies from the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) into one umbrella society this has given SSI a more powerful voice in international organizations such as European Federation of Immunological Societies (EFIS) and International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS). The Scandinavian Foundation for Immunology and the Scandinavian Journal of Immunology has greatly facilitated the annual meetings to be of international high quality and by attracting more participants. Thus, SSI provides a forum for Nordic immunologists to share their research results and to increase collaboration over the borders. In conclusion, the SSI has undoubtedly been and will hopefully continue to be a major strength for Scandinavian immunology.


Assuntos
Alergia e Imunologia , Sociedades Médicas/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Países Escandinavos e Nórdicos
8.
J Anesth Hist ; 6(2): 74-78, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593380

RESUMO

Sunday February 24, 1957 was a pivotal day in the history of anesthesiology and pain medicine. The leader of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Pius XII met with anesthesiologists attending an international symposium sponsored by the Italian Society of Anesthesiologists entitled, "Anesthesia and the Human Personality". The purpose of this audience was to seek clarification about the use of opioids at the end of life to reduce suffering. Three questions had been formulated from the previous year's Italian Congress of Anesthesiologists and sent to the Holy See on this specific issue. The Pope responded during this audience remarking that there was no moral obligation to withhold pain medication that could elevate suffering. He further remarked that the suppression of consciousness that can occur with opioids was consistent with the spirit of the Christian gospels. Finally, he also stated that it was not morally objectionable to administer opioids even if it might shorten life. The moral philosophy behind these answers is the doctrine of double effect. In essence, administering medications to relieve pain, the primary effect, may also hasten death, the unintended secondary effect. In seeking answers to these questions, the Italian anesthesiologists were at the forefront of a larger and ongoing debate. As new therapies are developed that may have unintended consequences, when it is morally permissible to use them?


Assuntos
Analgesia/história , Anestesiologia/história , Catolicismo/história , Manejo da Dor/história , Religião e Medicina , Analgesia/efeitos adversos , Analgesia/ética , Anestesiologistas/história , Anestesiologia/ética , História do Século XX , Humanos , Itália , Manejo da Dor/efeitos adversos , Sociedades Médicas/história
9.
Ann Parasitol ; 66(2): 259-263, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592563

RESUMO

Herein we describe the origin of the International Commission on Trichinellosis more than 60 years after its foundation. We attempt to clarify previous debate over the founding presidents and particularly the role of Polish parasitologist, Zbigniew Kozar. Seminal and core proceedings of the Commission published in Wiadomosci Parazytologiczne and other records were used to advance this goal. An early regional commission initially held in Budapest, Hungary at the Hungarian Meeting of Parasitologists was devoted to trichinellosis and was presided over by Kozar from 1958 to 1960. However, the official formation of the Commission did not occur until 1960 during the 1st International Conference on Trichinellosis held in Warsaw, Poland, where Witold Stefanski was elected president. During the 2nd International Conference on Trichinellosis, which was held in 1969 in Wroclaw, Poland, Samuel E. Gould was elected president until his untimely death in 1970. Zbigniew Kozar was secretary general from 1960 to 1972. Beginning with the 3rd International Conference held in Miami, Florida, USA in 1972, the activities of the Commission and the Conference became better documented.


Assuntos
Cooperação Internacional , Sociedades Médicas , Triquinelose , História do Século XX , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas/história , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração
10.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 133(2): 17-28, jun. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119928

RESUMO

Se hace una reseña histórica de la fundación de la Asociación Médica Franco-Argentina. Se mencionan sus propósitos fundacionales, sus protagonistas y su contexto social.


A historical review of the foundation of the Franco-Argentine Medical Association is made. Its foundational purposes, their protagonists and the social context are mentioned.


Assuntos
História do Século XX , Médicos/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Comunicação e Divulgação Científica , Argentina , França , História da Medicina , Cooperação Internacional
11.
Int J Psychiatry Med ; 55(3): 153-166, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389040

RESUMO

An historical narrative tracing the inception, evolution, structure, educational focus, integration with international Balint movements and challenges to future growth of the American Balint Society (ABS) is enlivened and deepened by twelve Balint autobiographies that follow it. The ABS in choosing to create its historical narrative is confronting a vitally important project both for its members, and for many healthcare educators and clinicians. Both are deeply invested in promoting and preserving the integrity of the personal relationship between the provider and the client. The Society is striving not only to understand its past, but to educate itself through a contextual awareness of how to preserve a personal education for future healthcare providers. To truly understand how the Balint enterprise emerged in the USA, one must "hear" from the people who experienced and wanted to share the transformative insights of participation in Balint seminars. To "hear" their stories and to honor the diversity of perspectives within the organization the authors asked ABS members with long and committed involvement to write their personal "Balint Autobiographies." These authors tell a collective, personal and professional story that is truly integral with an ABS narrative history. Readers may find, amidst their narratives, gems of insight and instruction about the Balint Seminar process, its leadership and possibly indications of where the ABS could head in the future. However, the real significance of the history of the ABS lies in its potency to stimulate critical reflection on the true purpose(s) of the Society, to elicit new and stronger personal incentives in ABS members, and to initiate challenging, inquiring, and supporting reverberations in the medical-educational-insurance-business-governmental subculture in which it participates.


Assuntos
Liderança , Relações Médico-Paciente , Teoria Psicanalítica , Sociedades Médicas/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Estados Unidos
13.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 36(5): 541-550, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32266466

RESUMO

The formation of the World Federation of Associations of Pediatric Surgery (WOFAPS) was an important unifying force in the emergence of pediatric surgery as a distinct specialty. Beginning with the formation of several national societies in the early '60s, an early, multinational effort was created. This was in large part fostered by the International Pediatric Association (IPA), which lent logistical support from the medical pediatric community to the pediatric surgeons. In 2001, the mission of the Federation was formalized to focus on the development and education of surgeons serving children, in all parts of the world. This was articulated in the famous Kyoto Declaration of Pediatric Surgery: "Every infant and child who suffers from an illness or disease has the right to be treated in an environment devoted to their care by a pediatric medical or surgical specialist". This vision was unique at the time and foreshadowed the major increase in advocacy activity which has emerged in recent years. While the mission has evolved with time, the present organization continues to hold true to the guiding principles of the original founders and seeks to improve the quality of "Surgical Care for the child, no matter where they live". Education and collaboration across borders underpins the organization's endeavors.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral/história , Pediatria/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Criança , Família , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
14.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; 71(4): 431-436, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237899

RESUMO

Canadian radiology has its roots embedded in Montréal and this is no less true of the Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, now celebrating its 70th Anniversary with the appointment of a new editor. A journal, Les Rayons-X-a monthly illustrated review published in Montréal and edited by Dr Henri Lasnier- preceded it by 40 years. Les Rayons-X was to last only 7 issues. However, Dr Lasnier clearly recognized the importance of a journal to what was then an emerging specialty. By 1950, the Canadian Association of Radiologists became the first specialty society in Canada to publish a scientific journal. We reflect on some facets of the evolution of the journal from a cottage industry to its adoption by a major publishing house and through the hands of 14 editors. In that time, radiology itself has undergone remarkable changes in its technological infrastructure leading to profound changes in the capacity of radiological practitioners and scientists to diagnose and treat disease. These changes themselves impose some constraints on a general radiology journal. The Association has at times faced substantial challenges that led to questions about its ability to sustain a journal in the face of competing priorities. Those challenges will likely recur in the future, not least in the face of other better-resourced journals. As the Canadian Association of Radiologists has evolved into a distinctive voice in Canadian medicine, we argue that a strong case can be made for preserving a platform for Canadian radiology featuring Canadian observations and perspectives, both scientific and "political."


Assuntos
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Radiologia/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Canadá , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
16.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 133(1): 25-28, mar. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097702

RESUMO

Con motivo del centenario del Rotary Club de Buenos Aires (RCBA), se describe su relación con la también centenaria Asociación Médica Argentina (AMA), a través de personalidades que pertenecieron a ambas entidades. Reseñamos la misión rotaria y su relación con la medicina. (AU)


On the occasion of the centenary of the Rotary Club of Buenos Aires (RCBA), its relationship with the also centennial Argentine Medical Association (AMA) is described, through personalities that belonged to both entities. A review of the Rotary mission and its relationship with medicine is made. (AU)


Assuntos
História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Organizações sem Fins Lucrativos , Sociedades Médicas/história , Argentina , Médicos/história , História da Medicina
18.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 78(1): 53-55, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074183

RESUMO

The author presents a brief synopsis of the life and works of Professor Francis Rohmer, a French neurologist whose great relevance to the development of the French Neurological Society is only outshined by his humanistic role, in spite of harsh conditions, when a prisoner at the Dachau Concentration Camp in Germany, during World War II.


Assuntos
Neurologia/história , França , História do Século XX , Sociedades Médicas/história
20.
Korean J Radiol ; 21(1): 5-14, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31920024

RESUMO

The history and administrative system of the Asian Society of Abdominal Radiology (ASAR) are described briefly with a focus on its academic activity, including congresses and education. ASAR is one of the three regional societies in the field of abdominal radiology, comprising approximately 2500 members from seven countries in Asia. A further increase in the numbers of members and affiliated societies is expected with the advancement of imaging technology and the distribution of radiologic equipment and knowledge. ASAR is responsible in Asia for matters of interdisciplinary collaboration in the field of abdominal radiology and has successfully represented Asia in the field of radiology.


Assuntos
Radiologia/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/história , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Ásia , Congressos como Assunto , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI
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