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4.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(3): 27-33, sept. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045895

RESUMO

A finales del siglo XIX e inicios del siglo XX, Baldomero Sommer realizó una decisiva contribución al conocimiento médico nacional y a los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje de la medicina.


During the end of the XIX century and the beginning of XX century Baldomero Sommer provided a decisive contribution of the medical knowledge national, the teaching and learning processer of medicine.


Assuntos
História do Século XIX , Dermatologia/educação , Dermatologia/história , Educação Médica/história , Argentina , Médicos/história , Sociedades Médicas/história
5.
Urologe A ; 58(9): 1073-1083, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432241

RESUMO

Women have long been underrepresented in medicine and urology, and thus also in the history of medicine and urology. However, within the last 10 years there has been an increase in the focus on gender studies, including the relevant topics within the history of science. Within urology the difficult pathway for women to enter the job in Austria could be analysed, which now allows them to be included in the general culture of remembrance. Within the education process of students, these topics were often dedicated little time and ignored in research.


Assuntos
Ginecologia/história , Médicas/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Urologia/história , Áustria , Feminino , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
10.
J Hist Med Allied Sci ; 74(3): 316-343, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216019

RESUMO

Tanzania's national tuberculosis control program, created in 1977, is credited with having been the main inspiration for the World Health Organization's Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course (DOTS) strategy for the control of tuberculosis, which was implemented from 1994. The text focuses on what previously took place in Tanzanian tuberculosis control between 1977 and the early 1990s. What was it that the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, which was central in the effort, assisted in creating? In what sense was the program innovative? How could a country whose health system was destroyed by a deepening economic crisis in the 1980s become a lighthouse of tuberculosis control? How much consideration was given to the rise of HIV/AIDS that occurred in parallel? The paper proposes answers to these questions, and suggests that we should see the creation of the Tanzanian program as a laboratory of nascent global health.


Assuntos
Saúde Global/história , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Tuberculose/história , História do Século XX , Tanzânia , Tuberculose/prevenção & controle , Organização Mundial da Saúde
11.
Br J Hist Sci ; 52(2): 273-296, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196224

RESUMO

This article explores the activities of the Society of Apothecaries and its members following the foundation of a laboratory for manufacturing chemical medicines in 1672. In response to political pressures, the guild created an institutional framework for production which in time served its members both functionally and financially and established a physical site within which the endorsement of practical knowledge could take place. Demand from state and institutional customers for drugs produced under corporate oversight affirmed and supported the society's trading role, with chemical and pharmaceutical knowledge utilized to fulfil collective and individual goals. The society benefited from the mercantile interests, political connections and practical expertise of its members, with contributions to its trading activities part of a much wider participation in London's medical, scientific and commercial milieu. Yet, as apothecaries became increasingly engaged in the practice of medicine rather than the preparation and sale of drugs, the society struggled to reconcile the changing priorities of those it represented, and tensions emerged between its corporate and commercial activities.


Assuntos
Comércio , História da Farmácia , Conhecimento , Sociedades Médicas/história , Competência Clínica , Comércio/história , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , Londres
15.
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig ; 70(2): 111-117, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215204

RESUMO

The article presents the genesis of the foundation and development of 'Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny' [Annals of the National Institute of Hygiene] since 1950 to 2019, scientific peer-reviewed journal devoted to research studies on the food and water safety, nutrition, environmental hygiene, toxicology and health risk assessment, and public health. It also shows the difficulties that this journal had initially to struggle with, and its achievements in recent years, aiming to improve its international position. The article discusses the stages of journal's development and activity in terms of scientific, editorial and publishing.


Assuntos
Higiene/história , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Saúde Pública/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Academias e Institutos , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
20.
J Hist Med Allied Sci ; 74(2): 127-144, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032854

RESUMO

Common narratives about the mid-century American medical profession's stunning rise forget a key element: political repression. During the 1940s and 1950s, the American Medical Association (AMA) and its allies sought to eliminate those who questioned American medicine's status quo, in particular opposition to national health insurance (NHI) and condoning of racism within its ranks. One casualty was the Association for Internes and Medical Students (AIMS), which into the 1940s, was the most prominent vehicle for medical student and trainee political organizing in the United Status. This article tells the story of its rapid demise in the era of McCarthyism at the hands of an AMA campaign to besmirch AIMS's name, and in the process, destroy it.


Assuntos
Política , Sociedades Médicas/história , Estudantes de Medicina/história , American Medical Association/história , Dissidências e Disputas , História do Século XX , Estados Unidos
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