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1.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(10): 654-662, dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184793

RESUMO

Las enfermedades endocrinas están experimentando un importante incremento de su prevalencia, debido a causas de diversa índole, entre ellas la epidemia de obesidad y de desnutrición, el envejecimiento de la población, pero también el efecto de los disruptores endocrinos, entre otros. Por otra parte, las nuevas tecnologías, tanto a nivel de analítica molecular y genética, de imagen y de nuevos dispositivos terapéuticos, obligan a que la comunidad profesional endocrina en España tenga que estar en constante formación. La conexión con los pacientes a través de sus asociaciones, cada vez más activas, y con la sociedad civil en general, el compromiso profesional y la demanda de diversos colectivos sociales de una atención moderna y equitativa, y a llevar a cabo investigación que facilite la consecución de avances para los pacientes, obligan al especialista en Endocrinología y Nutrición, y a la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición (SEEN), a posicionarse y dar respuesta a todos estos retos. En el presente documento, la SEEN expone sus propuestas y su estrategia hasta el 2022


Endocrine diseases are experiencing an important increase in their prevalence, due to causes of various kinds, including the epidemic of obesity and malnutrition, the aging of the population, but also the effect of endocrine disruptors, among others. On the other hand, new technologies, both in terms of molecular and genetic analysis, image and new therapeutic devices, require that the endocrine professional community in Spain must be in constant training. The connection with patients through their associations, increasingly active, and with the civil society in general, the professional commitment and demand of various social groups for a modern and equitable care, and to carry out research that facilitates the achievement of advances for patients, forces the specialist in endocrinology and nutrition and the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) to position themselves and respond to all these challenges. In this document, the SEEN presents its proposals and its strategy until 2022


Assuntos
Endocrinologia/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Estratégias , Endocrinologia/tendências , Sistemas Nacionais de Saúde , Medicina/organização & administração , Promoção da Saúde , Espanha
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(25): e16133, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232965

RESUMO

The American College of Surgeons (ACS) Committee on Trauma (COT) verification and State designation of trauma centers (TCs) into Level 1 or 2 establishes a distinction based on resources, trauma volume, and educational commitment. The ACS COT and individual states each verify TCs to differentiate performance levels. We aim to determine the relationship between ACS and State Level 1 versus 2, and injury-adjusted, all-cause mortality in a national sampling.TCs were identified by review of the National Sample Program (NSP) from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB)-the largest validated trauma database in the nation-of the year 2013. TCs were categorized by ACS or State Level 1 or 2 status, all others were excluded. Adjusted mortality was determined using observed/expected mortality (O/E) ratios, derived by trauma and injury severity score (TRISS) methodology. Chi-squared and t test analyses were used for categorical variables, with a statistical significance defined as P-value <.05.Of the 94 TCs in the NSP, 67 had ACS and 80 had State designations. There were 38 ACS Level 1 TCs and 29 ACS Level 2. For State designations, there were 45 as State Level 1 and 35 State Level 2. ACS Level 1 TCs had a similar O/E compared with ACS Level 2 verified centers (0.73 vs 0.75, chi-square, P = .36). Level 1 TCs designated by their state, had a similar O/E compared with State Level 2 centers (0.70 vs 0.74, chi-square, P = .08).Both ACS and State Level 1 and 2 trauma centers performed similarly on injury adjusted, all-cause mortality.


Assuntos
/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Estudos de Coortes , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Jurisprudência , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Cirurgiões/tendências , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia
5.
Tex Med ; 115(4): 23-27, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995336

RESUMO

First Tuesdays are important not only for getting medicine's message across in the moment, but also for building and maintaining relationships that pay dividends in the future. The Vijjeswarapus experience it all as Texas Medicine follows them on the morning of this year's first First Tuesdays.


Assuntos
Legislação Médica/organização & administração , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Humanos , Texas
16.
Int J Surg ; 62: 44-46, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30659949

RESUMO

The Caribbean Society of Endoscopic Surgeons (CaSES) is a regional surgical organization that acts as a quality-enhancing body for the Caribbean region. It does so through many activities including an annual regional meeting. In this historical article, the history, purpose and future developments of the organization is outlined.


Assuntos
Endoscopia/história , Sociedades Médicas/história , Região do Caribe , Congressos como Assunto/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Sociedades Médicas/tendências
19.
Anesth Analg ; 128(2): 315-327, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few comparative data on the analgesic options used to manage patients undergoing minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE). The Society for Pediatric Anesthesia Improvement Network was established to investigate outcomes for procedures where there is significant management variability. For our first study, we established a multicenter observational database to characterize the analgesic strategies used to manage pediatric patients undergoing MIRPE. Outcome data from the participating centers were used to assess the association between analgesic strategy and pain outcomes. METHODS: Fourteen institutions enrolled patients from June 2014 through August 2015. Network members agreed to an observational methodology where each institution managed patients based on their institutional standards and protocols. There was no requirement to standardize care. Patients were categorized based on analgesic strategy: epidural catheter (EC), paravertebral catheter (PVC), wound catheter (WC), no regional (NR) analgesia, and intrathecal morphine techniques. Primary outcomes, pain score and opioid consumption by postoperative day (POD), for each technique were compared while adjusting for confounders using multivariable modeling that included 5 covariates: age, sex, number of bars, Haller index, and use of preoperative pain medication. Pain scores were analyzed using repeated-measures analysis of variance with Bonferroni correction. Opioid consumption was analyzed using a multivariable quantile regression. RESULTS: Data were collected on 348 patients and categorized based on primary analgesic strategy: EC (122), PVC (57), WC (41), NR (120), and intrathecal morphine (8). Compared to EC, daily median pain scores were higher in patients managed with PVC (POD 0), WC (POD 0, 1, 2, 3), and NR (POD 0, 1, 2), respectively (P < .001-.024 depending on group). Daily opioid requirements were higher in patients managed with PVC (POD 0, 1), WC (POD 0, 1, 2), and NR (POD 0, 1, 2) when compared to patients managed with EC (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate variation in pain management strategies for patients undergoing MIRPE within our network. The results indicate that most patients have mild-to-moderate pain postoperatively regardless of analgesic management. Patients managed with EC had lower pain scores and opioid consumption in the early recovery period compared to other treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Tórax em Funil/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/normas , Pediatria/normas , Assistência Perioperatória/normas , Sistema de Registros/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Adolescente , Anestesia/normas , Anestesia/tendências , Criança , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Tórax em Funil/diagnóstico , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/tendências , Pediatria/tendências , Assistência Perioperatória/tendências , Estudos Prospectivos , Relatório de Pesquisa/normas , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 44(11): 801-808, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30475334

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively analyzes prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: Here, we aim to determine the influence of preoperative and 12-month modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (mJOA) on satisfaction and understand the change in mJOA severity classification after surgical management of degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: DCM is a progressive degenerative spine disease resulting from cervical cord compression. The natural progression of DCM is variable; some patients experience periods of stability, while others rapidly deteriorate following disease onset. The mJOA is commonly used to grade and categorize myelopathy symptoms, but its association with postoperative satisfaction has not been previously explored. METHODS: The quality and outcomes database (QOD) was queried for patients undergoing elective surgery for DCM. Patients were divided into mild (≥14), moderate (9 to 13), or severe (<9) categories on the mJOA scores. A McNemar-Bowker test was used to assess whether a significant proportion of patients changed mJOA category between preoperative and 12 months postoperative. A multivariable proportional odds ordinal logistic regression model was fitted with 12-month satisfaction as the outcome of interest. RESULTS: We identified 1963 patients who underwent elective surgery for DCM and completed 12-months follow-ups. Comparing mJOA severity level preoperatively and at 12 months revealed that 55% remained in the same category, 37% improved, and 7% moved to a worse category. After adjusting for baseline and surgery-specific variables, the 12-month mJOA category had the highest impact on patient satisfaction (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patient satisfaction is an indispensable tool for measuring quality of care after spine surgery. In this sample, 12-month mJOA category, regardless of preop mJOA, was significantly correlated with satisfaction. Given these findings, it is important to advise patients of the probability that surgery will change their mJOA severity classification and the changes required to achieve postoperative satisfaction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente , Sociedades Médicas/classificação , Doenças da Medula Espinal/classificação , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas/tendências , Compressão da Medula Espinal/classificação , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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