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2.
Int Dent J ; 70(1): 3-4, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985821
4.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 60(4): 241-250, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761876

RESUMO

The postgraduate training course at the Department of Orthodontics of Tokyo Dental College, which started in April 1975, comprises a 3-year curriculum aimed at fostering orthodontic specialists. A system of Accreditation for Orthodontists was introduced by the Japan Orthodontic Society in 1990, since which time, this postgraduate training course has also sought to provide the basic training required to obtain such certification. The purpose of this study was to investigate the demographics of the students on this course and the current work status of its graduates by means of a questionnaire-based survey. The results revealed that, when the fortieth intake of students graduated in March 2017, the total number completing the course had reached 326. The annual mean number of students on this course was 8.2, and recent years have seen a marked increase in the number of women enrolling. In total, 37.5% of the questionnaire respondents had opened orthodontic clinics; 14.8% had opened general dentistry clinics; and 42.6% were working as employees. In addition, 46.2% had an additional place of employment other than their principal place of employment, mainly at a general dentistry clinic. Regarding the field of treatment, 82.4% provided solely orthodontic treatment. We believe that this may because all the responders had completed the postgraduate orthodontics course. The rate of earning accreditation as an orthodontist was high (82.4%), with no difference in the rate of acquisition between men and women. The rate of qualification as a Board-certified orthodontist was 17.9%, with the rate of acquisition by women approximately half of that by men. The number of female orthodontists is rising, and no difference was observed between sexes in the rate of acquiring accreditation as an orthodontist. Women were found to be lagging behind men, however, in regard to the rate of advancement to masters/PHD programs; qualifying as a Board-certified orthodontist; opening an orthodontic practice; and number of days worked. These findings suggest that there are differences in regard to the actual working conditions among the alumni of our postgraduate orthodontic training course, and that these differences are sex-based.


Assuntos
Ortodontia , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Sociedades Odontológicas , Tóquio
5.
J Orthod ; 46(4): 287-296, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To carry out a UK national clinical audit of orthognathic acceptance criteria and information provided to orthognathic patients before treatment. DESIGN: National clinical audit. SETTING: Data collected using Bristol Online Surveys. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-nine UK hospital orthodontic departments submitted data. METHODS: Data were collected at two time points using Bristol Online Surveys over a period of 12 months. These were before treatment at the first multidisciplinary clinic (MDT) and immediately after surgery. The data collected included: Index of Orthognathic Functional Treatment Need (IOFTN); Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN); age; previous orthodontic treatment; attendance at an MDT; treatment times; and information provision. RESULTS: Eighty-five units agreed to take part in the audit with 69 submitting data, giving a response rate of 81%. The data from 3404 patients were uploaded, 2263 before treatment and 1141 immediately after surgery. Of patients, 91.07% had an IOFTN score of 4 or 5 and 88.73% had an IOTN score of 4 or 5. The mean age at the first MDT was 22 years in the first cohort and 21 years and 4 months in the second immediate post-surgery cohort. Of patients, 37.93% had undergone some form of previous orthodontic treatment, but only 0.28% had undergone previous orthognathic treatment; 96.93% had an MDT confirm that orthodontic treatment by itself was insufficient to adequately correct their functional symptoms. The average treatment time from bond up to surgery was 2 years and 6 months. With respect to information provision, patients received information from a number of sources, principally the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) patient information leaflets and the BOS website Your Jaw Surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In the UK, the majority of orthognathic cases fulfil the criteria for acceptance for NHS-funded orthognathic treatment, as outlined by the Chief Dental Officer's interim guidance on orthognathic treatment. This suggests any prior approval process would not be a good use of NHS resources in the commissioning of orthognathic treatment.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Sociedades Odontológicas , Adulto , Grupos Étnicos , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev. ADM ; 76(4): 234-241, jul.-ago 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024069

RESUMO

Ética, moral y la deontología, se ocupan de un mismo objetivo: la valoración de lo bueno y de lo malo en la conducta humana. Sus enfoques del problema, no son totalmente iguales. La ética utiliza el análisis filosófico, ilumina el problema desde el ángulo axiológico, y a través de la especulación pura trata de establecer un deber ser de valor universal. La moral estudia las acciones humanas desde un punto de vista empírico, histórico, en la realidad de las diferentes culturas y teniendo en cuenta la diversidad de su idiosincrasia, trata de establecer juicios de valor adecuados a tales circunstancias. La deontología, fluctuando entre la ética y la moral y basándose en las conclusiones de ambas, se propone establecer las normas concretas que deben regir la conducta en situaciones determinadas, como puede ser el ejercicio de una profesión. La bioética establece los conceptos morales, éticos y racionales derivados en la interdisciplina de la ciencia y la biomedicina (AU)


Ethics, Moral and deontology, deal with the same objective: The assessment of good and evil in human behavior. Their approaches to the problem are not totally the same. Ethics uses philosophical analysis, illuminates the problem from the axiological angle, and through pure speculation tries to establish a duty of universal value. Morality studies human actions from an empirical, historical point of view, in the reality of different cultures and taking into account the diversity of their idiosyncrasy, tries to establish value judgments appropriate to such circumstances. Deontology, fluctuating between ethics and morals and based on the conclusions of both, it is proposed to establish the specific rules that should govern behavior in certain situations, such as the exercise of a profession. Bioethics establishes the moral, ethical and rational concepts derived in the interdiscipline of science and biomedicine (AU)


Assuntos
Sociedades Odontológicas , Códigos de Ética , Ética Odontológica , Prática Profissional/ética , Bioética , Teoria Ética , México , Moral
8.
J Dent Educ ; 83(7): 763-764, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262790
10.
J Dent Educ ; 83(7): 781-782, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262796
12.
J Dent Educ ; 83(7): 839-854, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262801
13.
14.
J Orthod ; 46(3): 242-250, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177898

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: As the representative body for orthodontic specialists, the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) provides advice and guidance to professionals and patients on a variety of topics. The BOS receive frequent queries from professionals and patients and, where appropriate, provide advice and guidance. By reflecting on the types of queries received, it is hoped that general guidance can be developed and 'frequently asked questions' information established to improve knowledge in these particular areas. DESIGN: Retrospective assessment of queries raised to the BOS. SETTING: BOS headquarters, London. METHODS: All queries raised to the BOS by professionals and patients from January 2017 to October 2018 were collated and divided into those raised by dental professionals or by patients. Within each group, all queries were further subcategorised into different topic areas. For each of the main topics, guidance will be developed to improve clinician and patient knowledge in these areas. RESULTS: In the time period assessed, 422 queries were received to the BOS, 51.8% (n = 229) were from patients and 48.2% (n = 213) from professionals. Commissioning was the most common topic queried by professionals (34.3%), which included NHS contracts and tendering. Queries regarding associate matters (9.4%), specific clinical queries (9.4%) and BOS issues (8.9%) were also common topics raised by professionals. The most common topic queried by patients was the eligibility for NHS treatment (29.3%), followed by specific clinical queries (22.3%) and seeking recommendations for clinicians (10.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, a large number of queries were received by the BOS. While some queries required specific information from the BOS, the majority of queries could be addressed through already published information and guidance. This project identifies the more common queries and provides clear guidance on where to find the appropriate advice.


Assuntos
Sociedades Odontológicas , Humanos , Londres , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Dent Traumatol ; 35(4-5): 241-250, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: There is a lack of research into orthodontic movement and management strategies of traumatized teeth. The aim of this survey was to assess the knowledge of UK-based orthodontists in the orthodontic management of traumatized teeth. MATERIALS/METHODS: A 24-item questionnaire survey was electronically distributed to all members of the British Orthodontic Society. RESULTS: A total of 213 respondents completed the survey with the majority of these being UK registered specialists in orthodontics. Three responses were excluded as one was not based within the UK and two were orthodontic trainees with <1 year of experience, leaving a total of 210 respondents. The majority had orthodontically treated up to three patients with a history of dental trauma in the preceding 3 months. Obtaining a trauma history was done by the majority of respondents. A wide variation in times waited by respondents before orthodontically treating teeth with different types of traumatic injuries was observed. Similarly, the preferred orthodontic management strategies of traumatized teeth differed substantially among respondents. Almost all respondents were interested in further training in the management of dental trauma. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed a wide variation in the orthodontic management of traumatized teeth among UK-based orthodontists. Further training and national guideline establishment are indicated for orthodontic management of traumatized teeth in the UK.


Assuntos
Ortodontia , Ortodontistas , Traumatismos Dentários/reabilitação , Humanos , Sociedades Odontológicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido
16.
Br Dent J ; 226(9): 631-632, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31076669
18.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 47(6): 926-931, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) is a prominent complication and growing problem related to the oral and maxillofacial region due to antiresorptive and antiangiogenic agents. Awareness about MRONJ is crucial for all dental practitioners identify 'at risk' patients for appropriate advice and management. This cross-sectional survey aimed to appraise MRONJ awareness and knowledge among dentists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was carried out through one hundred and seventy eight dentist who recruited in three groups; the first group comprised 113 general dental practitioners (GDP), 33 dental radiologist (DR) included in the second, and 32 oral and maxillofacial surgeon (OMS) in the third group. MRONJ awareness was evaluated by asking all respondents a question of "Did you heard about MRONJ? In addition, the detailed knowledge on the subject in question were addressed through fourteen, nine, and three questions for OMSs, DRs, and GDPs respectively. RESULTS: A significant difference were existed among groups with a rate of MRONJ's awareness of 33.6%, 48.5%, and 84.4% for GDPs, DRs, and OMSs respectively. Concerning MRONJ knowledge, significantly highest rates seen in OMSs set with 48.55%. In contrast, the average scores of DRs were 30.64%, and the GDPs group recorded the least value with 16.67%. CONCLUSIONS: Strengthen the MRONJ awareness and knowledge among general dentists and dental specialists are essential to identify 'at risk' patients for appropriate advice and management.


Assuntos
Sociedades Odontológicas , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Estudos Transversais , Odontólogos , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
J Dent Educ ; 83(4): 464-473, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30936212

RESUMO

The Association of Canadian Faculties of Dentistry (ACFD) recently developed a proposal that reflects its evolving understanding of competency-based dental education. The ACFD proposal was developed into an Educational Framework for the Development of Competency in Dental Programs and has been adopted by all ten Canadian dental schools as the basis for their ongoing curriculum development and assessment. This framework identifies five global competencies that provide a big picture of the complex skills, knowledge, and behaviors that dental graduates must demonstrate. Detail for clarification and illustration is provided by more comprehensive "components" of each area that elaborate on the global statement and by a new dimension that assists with assessment: "indicators" of the specific knowledge, skills, and behaviors that can be measured as steps towards developing competence. In the information supporting understanding and assessment of the five key areas are both the existing national competency statements to facilitate the use of the framework by other stakeholders and a parallel set of knowledge, skills, and abilities statements developed by the National Dental Examining Board of Canada (NDEB) as the starting point for updating its examination blueprints. This article outlines the development, structure, and contents of the ACFD Educational Framework in the hope that it can serve as the foundation for a new Canadian national competencies document serving all national stakeholders.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Educação em Odontologia/normas , Docentes de Odontologia , Sociedades Odontológicas/normas , Comitês Consultivos , Canadá , Educação Baseada em Competências/normas , Humanos
20.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 57(3): 246-250, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30851998

RESUMO

Many indices and scoring systems exist for assessing skeletal patterns and malocclusion but none have been universally adopted by teams providing orthognathic surgery in the UK. Using a standardised objective measure of a patient's condition is important both for service provision, treatment allocation, and other clinical governance domains. The Severity and Outcome Assessment tool (SOA) developed by the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) and British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (BAOMS) provides a standardised method of assessing patients throughout the orthognathic pathway and lends itself to case selection, resource allocation and auditing treatment outcomes. The SOA uses 7 cephalometric skeletal, dental and soft tissue measures to produce an overall score.The SOA has been used by the current NHS Tayside orthognathic team since August 2006 to audit treatment outcomes. While we recognise that cephalometric analysis forms only one part of orthognathic treatment we believe that having an objective measure on which to assess treatment is useful. We present our experience of using this quick, simple and reproducible tool in auditing orthognathic treatment outcomes.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Cirurgia Ortognática , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Cefalometria , Humanos , Sociedades Odontológicas , Resultado do Tratamento
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