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1.
J World Fed Orthod ; 9(3S): S3-S14, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023729

RESUMO

The idea of a global orthodontic organization, the World Federation of Orthodontists (WFO), made up of national and regional orthodontic organizations, was realized in 1995 in San Francisco at the 4th International Orthodontic Congress that was held in conjunction with the 95th annual American Association of Orthodontists meeting. This umbrella organization strives to promote quality orthodontic care, practiced and delivered by orthodontic specialists in all parts of the world. In addition, it supports its member organizations with governing principles that promote appropriate membership criteria, qualified individual leadership participation, and long-term stability of the organization over time. In response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic, the WFO has responded proactively and plans to augment its digital resources even further in the near future. This article describes the formation of the organization, the idea that germinated through the first three international orthodontic congresses, its workflow and membership criteria, the accountability and commitment it has toward its affiliates and individual members, and its plans for future years to come.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Ortodontia/história , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Sociedades Odontológicas/história , Betacoronavirus , Congressos como Assunto/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional/história , Objetivos Organizacionais , Pandemias
2.
J Dent Educ ; 84 Suppl 1: S3, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712976
3.
J Dent Educ ; 84 Suppl 1: S12-S19, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712978
4.
J Dent Educ ; 84 Suppl 1: S43-S44, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712979
5.
J Dent Educ ; 84 Suppl 1: S9-S11, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712982
7.
J Orthod ; 47(3): 205-212, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32500802

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate: (1) orthodontists' training experience in the psychological assessment of orthognathic patients and their wish for training/further training; (2) the availability of psychological support, referral patterns and outcomes after referral; (3) and adverse incidents prompting orthodontists to refer patients for psychological assessment. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: A 25-item questionnaire was designed to investigate the above mentioned aims. After a pilot study, the questionnaire was distributed to all members of the Consultant Orthodontist Group, British Orthodontic Society. RESULTS: Based on a 29.1% response rate (n = 102), 76.5% of respondents had undertaken training in identifying orthognathic patients who may benefit from psychological assessment. However, 90.2% favoured further training. All respondents believed that some orthognathic patients would benefit from referral; however, 31.3% of units referred no patients at all, mostly due to limited/no access (66.7%). Most referrals (68.9%) were to psychiatrists/psychologists with dentofacial deformity expertise, with 28.9% of units having such services onsite (14 different units). Psychological referrals had potentially useful outcomes, with 36.4% of respondents sometimes changing treatment plans following referral. Clinical incidents were experienced by 35.1% of respondents, prompting referral of patients for psychological assessment; such incidents included patient suicides (n = 4). CONCLUSION: Most respondents had trained in psychological assessment of orthognathic patients; however there was a large demand for further training. Clinicians value the psychological services available; however, limited availability may affect referrals for some respondents. Adverse incidents are of real concern and highlight the need to ensure that training and resources are provided to support orthognathic patients and teams.


Assuntos
Sociedades Odontológicas , Suicídio , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Evid Based Dent ; 21(1): 34-35, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221496

RESUMO

Design Randomised controlled trial, with blinding of operators and outcome assessors.Study population English-speaking patients aged 10 or older and parents with capacity to consent were given a 45-minute audio-visual presentation and written information on orthodontic treatment in one of three formats, either leaflets from British Orthodontic Society, generic mind map or blank mind maps.Data analysis A 30-item closed-ended questionnaire was used to test knowledge of patients and parents before (T0), at 30 minutes (T1) and 6 weeks (T2) after provision of presentation and written information. Questionnaire scores at T0, T1 and T2 were analysed using box plot, histogram and Shapiro-Wilk test.Results Ninety-three patients and 89 parents were eligible for the study, of which 88 patients (94.6%) and 77 parents (86.5%) have completed questionnaires at T0, T1 and T2. There were no significant differences in scores at T0 between the three groups. After presentation and written information were given, all three participant groups scored higher at T1 and T2. The increase in score was higher in mind map groups.Conclusions Use of audio-visual presentation and written information has improved information recall of patients and parents. The study suggests that mind maps are a superior format of written information than leaflets.


Assuntos
Pais , Sociedades Odontológicas , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Lactente , Rememoração Mental
9.
J Orthod ; 47(2): 116-128, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To survey the opinion of recently qualified and established orthodontists on the perceived value of their training and to identify specific areas which which were considered to be deficient, adequately covered or focussed on excessively. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Online electronic questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS: Members of the British Orthodontic Society (BOS). METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was circulated to members of the BOS focusing on dental education history, and opinions concerning orthodontic teaching generally and specific clinical and non-clinical subjects. Information was also obtained in terms of possible need for improvement, modification or removal of teaching on focused academic and clinical aspects. RESULTS: A total of 217 responses were received from 1080 emailed invitations resulting in a response rate of 20.1%. Respondents were generally satisfied with their training both in relation to theoretical, academic and practical aspects. However, training was regarded as deficient by some respondents in respect of temporary anchorage devices (38%), bonded retainers (6%), experience with lingual appliances (47%), removable aligners (44%), inter-proximal reduction (24%) and adult orthodontics (16%), working with therapists (32%), and NHS contracts (47%) and commissioning (47%). CONCLUSION: The overall satisfaction of BOS members with postgraduate orthodontic training is generally high, although both recently qualified and established practitioners emphasised the need for better exposure to training in specific practical aspects and practice management within the NHS.


Assuntos
Ortodontia , Sociedades Odontológicas , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Ortodontistas , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Int Dent J ; 70(1): 3-4, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985821
12.
J Orthod ; 47(1): 72-77, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697179

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Retention is a crucial part of orthodontic treatment; however, patients often do not wear their retainers as advised. The British Orthodontic Society developed the 'Hold that Smile' campaign in 2017, to improve patient knowledge about retention. Information is provided in two formats: a cartoon and a conventional film. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether patients find the 'Hold that Smile' videos useful and whether they improved patients' intended retainer wear. The gold standard was that 90% of patients should intend to wear their retainers in the long term after watching the videos. DESIGN: National multicentre audit. SETTING: Nine units in the UK. METHODS: Patients aged ⩾ 10 years, in fixed appliances or retention, watched the retainer videos and then completed a questionnaire that was designed specifically for this audit. Each unit collected data for approximately 30 patients. RESULTS: Data were collected for 278 patients in total. The average age was 17.9 years; 64.4% of patients were female and 35.6% were male. Most patients (86.3%) watched both videos and, of these, 44.1% preferred the film, 31.3% preferred the cartoon and 24.6% had no preference. The majority of patients (81.3%) felt that the film provided them with new information, compared with a lower percentage (48.5%) for the cartoon. More patients said they would recommend the film (76.3%) compared with the cartoon (63.3%). Before watching the videos, 77.0% of patients felt they knew about long-term retainer wear and 74.3% of those intended to wear their retainers in the long term. After watching the videos, 96.4% of all patients thought they would now wear their retainers long term. CONCLUSION: After watching the videos, there was a notable increase in the number of patients planning to wear their retainers long term and the gold standard was met. Therefore, these videos may be beneficial in improving understanding and compliance with retention.


Assuntos
Contenções Ortodônticas , Sociedades Odontológicas , Adolescente , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Cooperação do Paciente , Sorriso , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 60(4): 241-250, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761876

RESUMO

The postgraduate training course at the Department of Orthodontics of Tokyo Dental College, which started in April 1975, comprises a 3-year curriculum aimed at fostering orthodontic specialists. A system of Accreditation for Orthodontists was introduced by the Japan Orthodontic Society in 1990, since which time, this postgraduate training course has also sought to provide the basic training required to obtain such certification. The purpose of this study was to investigate the demographics of the students on this course and the current work status of its graduates by means of a questionnaire-based survey. The results revealed that, when the fortieth intake of students graduated in March 2017, the total number completing the course had reached 326. The annual mean number of students on this course was 8.2, and recent years have seen a marked increase in the number of women enrolling. In total, 37.5% of the questionnaire respondents had opened orthodontic clinics; 14.8% had opened general dentistry clinics; and 42.6% were working as employees. In addition, 46.2% had an additional place of employment other than their principal place of employment, mainly at a general dentistry clinic. Regarding the field of treatment, 82.4% provided solely orthodontic treatment. We believe that this may because all the responders had completed the postgraduate orthodontics course. The rate of earning accreditation as an orthodontist was high (82.4%), with no difference in the rate of acquisition between men and women. The rate of qualification as a Board-certified orthodontist was 17.9%, with the rate of acquisition by women approximately half of that by men. The number of female orthodontists is rising, and no difference was observed between sexes in the rate of acquiring accreditation as an orthodontist. Women were found to be lagging behind men, however, in regard to the rate of advancement to masters/PHD programs; qualifying as a Board-certified orthodontist; opening an orthodontic practice; and number of days worked. These findings suggest that there are differences in regard to the actual working conditions among the alumni of our postgraduate orthodontic training course, and that these differences are sex-based.


Assuntos
Ortodontia , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Sociedades Odontológicas , Tóquio
17.
Adv Dent Res ; 30(3): 95-118, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746650

RESUMO

Extraordinary women scientists-past, current, and elected presidents of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR)-showcase pathways for success and leadership. In this series of autobiographical essays, these women of various cultural backgrounds with diverse areas of research describe their journeys in the passionate pursuit of excellence, despite the frequent obstacles and challenges. Through interviews and in their own words, we recap highlights of their dental research journeys and inspirations, their career trajectories toward the IADR presidency, and the benefits and challenges that they faced in their careers and personal lives. The purpose of this special issue is to honor these women, their life journeys, and how they have contributed to oral health research.


Assuntos
Liderança , Sociedades Odontológicas , Escolha da Profissão , Feminino , Humanos , Sociedades Odontológicas/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Adv Dent Res ; 30(3): 69-77, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746653

RESUMO

Gender inequality in science, medicine, and dentistry remains a central concern for the biomedical research workforce today. Although progress in areas of inclusivity and gender diversity was reported, growth has been slow. Women still face multiple challenges in reaching higher ranks and leadership positions while maintaining holistic success in these fields. Within dental research and academia, we might observe trends toward a more balanced pipeline. However, women continue to face barriers in seeking leadership roles and achieving economic equity and scholarship recognition. In an effort to evaluate the status of women in dental research and academia, the authors examined the role of the International Association for Dental Research (IADR), a global research organization, which has improved awareness on gender inequality. The goal of this article is to review five crucial issues of gender inequality in oral health research and academics-workforce pipeline, economic inequality, workplace harassment, gender bias in scholarly productivity, and work-life balance-and to discuss proactive steps that the IADR has taken to promote gender equality. Providing networking and training opportunities through effective mentoring and coaching for women researchers, the IADR has developed a robust pipeline of women leaders while promoting gender equality for women in dental academia through a culture shift. As knowledge gaps remained on the levels of conscious and unconscious bias and sexist culture affecting women advancement in academics, as well as the intersectionality of gender with race, gender identity, ability status, sexual orientation, and cultural backgrounds, the IADR has recognized that further research is warranted.


Assuntos
Pesquisa em Odontologia , Sociedades Odontológicas , Pesquisa em Odontologia/organização & administração , Pesquisa em Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa em Odontologia/tendências , Humanos , Liderança , Sociedades Odontológicas/tendências
19.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 61(2): 52-59, nov. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095411

RESUMO

Esta presentación se centra en la aplicación de la cefalometría en la práctica clínica de la ortodoncia. Su objetivo es relacionar el protocolo utilizado en el Ateneo Argentino de Odontología (AAO) con los cefalogramas laterales diseñados por los Dres. Arne Björk, Joseph Jarabak, James McNamara y Robert Ricketts y proponer las visiones complementarias en la búsqueda de un diagnóstico y un plan de tratamiento de mayor precisión. Para cumplir con este objetivo, el presente trabajo será dividido en dos partes, a saber: "Parte I: Protocolo del AAO" y "Parte II Consideraciones sobre la aplicación de diferentes protocolos cefalométricos laterales en relación al del AAO" (AU)


This paper focuses on the application of cephalometry in the clinical practice of Orthodontics. Its objective is to link the protocol used in the Ateneo Argentino de Odontología (AAO) with the lateral cephalograms designed by Drs. Arne Bjork, Joseph Jarabak, James McNamara and Robert Ricketts and propose complementary visions in the search for a more accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. In order to fulfil this objective, this work will be divided into two parts, namely: Part I: AAO Protocol and Part II Considerations on the application of different lateral cephalometric protocols in relation to that of the AAO (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Protocolos Clínicos , Cefalometria/métodos , Argentina , Sociedades Odontológicas/normas , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico
20.
J Orthod ; 46(4): 287-296, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To carry out a UK national clinical audit of orthognathic acceptance criteria and information provided to orthognathic patients before treatment. DESIGN: National clinical audit. SETTING: Data collected using Bristol Online Surveys. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-nine UK hospital orthodontic departments submitted data. METHODS: Data were collected at two time points using Bristol Online Surveys over a period of 12 months. These were before treatment at the first multidisciplinary clinic (MDT) and immediately after surgery. The data collected included: Index of Orthognathic Functional Treatment Need (IOFTN); Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN); age; previous orthodontic treatment; attendance at an MDT; treatment times; and information provision. RESULTS: Eighty-five units agreed to take part in the audit with 69 submitting data, giving a response rate of 81%. The data from 3404 patients were uploaded, 2263 before treatment and 1141 immediately after surgery. Of patients, 91.07% had an IOFTN score of 4 or 5 and 88.73% had an IOTN score of 4 or 5. The mean age at the first MDT was 22 years in the first cohort and 21 years and 4 months in the second immediate post-surgery cohort. Of patients, 37.93% had undergone some form of previous orthodontic treatment, but only 0.28% had undergone previous orthognathic treatment; 96.93% had an MDT confirm that orthodontic treatment by itself was insufficient to adequately correct their functional symptoms. The average treatment time from bond up to surgery was 2 years and 6 months. With respect to information provision, patients received information from a number of sources, principally the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) patient information leaflets and the BOS website Your Jaw Surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In the UK, the majority of orthognathic cases fulfil the criteria for acceptance for NHS-funded orthognathic treatment, as outlined by the Chief Dental Officer's interim guidance on orthognathic treatment. This suggests any prior approval process would not be a good use of NHS resources in the commissioning of orthognathic treatment.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Sociedades Odontológicas , Adulto , Grupos Étnicos , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
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