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1.
J Emerg Manag ; 18(4): 341-347, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804401

RESUMO

Since the Stafford Act of 1988, the process of obtaining a formal Major Disaster Declaration has been codified for national implementation, with tasks defined at the smallest levels of local government up to the President. The Disas-ter Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA 2000) placed additional requirements on local government to plan for mitigation ac-tivities within their jurisdictions. The goal of DMA 2000 was to not only implement more mitigative actions at the local level, but also initiate a process by which local governments could set up ongoing conversations and collaborative efforts with neighboring jurisdictions to ensure continuous, proactive measures were taken against the impacts of disasters. Based on the increased attention paid to mitigation and planning activities, a reasonable expectation would be to see a decline in the number of major disaster declarations since DMA 2000. However, simple correlation analy-sis shows that since DMA 2000, the number of major disaster declarations continues to increase. This article is in-tended as a preliminary study to encourage more detailed analysis in the future of the impacts of federal policy on local-level disaster prevention.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração , Desastres/prevenção & controle , Socorro em Desastres/organização & administração , Desastres/economia , Humanos , Governo Local , Política Pública
8.
Recenti Prog Med ; 111(5): 295-296, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-616966

RESUMO

Italy is one of the most affected countries by the new coronavirus (CoViD-19) pandemic. In the country, there are an estimated 49,000-52,000 homeless people. People experiencing homelessness are among the potentially most vulnerable groups to the CoViD-19. Despite this, in Italy there is a worrying delay in implementation of a national coordinated strategy to protect homeless people from the potentially devastating effects caused by CoViD-19. In order to contain the epidemic among the most vulnerable people, we propose a short operational agenda based on the field experience of the medical-humanitarian organization Medici per i Diritti Umani (Doctors for Human Rights, Italy - MEDU) as well as on the example of initiatives taken by other countries.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoas em Situação de Rua/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Socorro em Desastres
10.
Int J Equity Health ; 19(1): 77, 2020 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-381717

RESUMO

Northeastern Nigeria has over the decade suffered from the Boko Haram insurgency and is still in the process of recovery from the complex humanitarian crisis that has displaced and subjected millions of vulnerable children, women and elderly population to poverty, disease outbreaks, hunger and malnutrition. Yet, the conflict-affected states in Northeastern Nigeria is not far away from being the worse-hit by the COVID-19 pandemic if urgent public health preventive measures are not taken to contain the spread of the deadly and highly infectious virus. The question arises, "what is Nigeria doing to tackle the burden of a COVID-19 spread and an ongoing humanitarian crisis?


Assuntos
Conflitos Armados , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Refugiados , Socorro em Desastres
13.
Caracas; Observatorio Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación; 22 may. 2020. 91-110 p. ilus.(Observador del Conocimiento. Revista Especializada en Gestión Social del Conocimiento, 5, 1).
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1119100

RESUMO

Este artículo examina la implementación en Venezuela del modelo de gestión de riesgo conocido como la Estrategia Internacional para la Reducción de Desastres de las Naciones Unidas (UNISDR,2015), o Marco de Sendai, ante la pandemia del COVID-19, así como la condicionalidad política por parte de donantes de Ayuda Oficial para el Desarrollo (AOD) en este contexto. Explora las decisiones políticas y medidas tomadas por el gobierno de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, cuando apenas se confirmaban los primeros casos de contagio en la ciudad China de Wuhan, ratificados posteriormente el 3 de enero del 2020 por comunicado Oficial de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), a partir de lo cual se evalúa el ciclo de vida de la gestión del riesgo ante desastres, las políticas, decisiones y practicas adoptadas en Venezuela. Por otro lado, se aborda la intencionalidad política de la Cooperación Internacional, a través de la Ayuda Oficial para el Desarrollo (AOD), revelando patrones que inspiran el accionar de los donantes ante las necesidades y alineamientos ideológicos que asumen las naciones receptoras. Se concluye que la continua subordinación de los derechos humanos y la democracia a otras preocupaciones de política interior y exterior, en particular el interés económico, demuestra que ante la grave situación endémica que hoy atraviesa el planeta y con ello, la nación venezolana, las decisiones adoptadas en materia de AOD no solo socavan la credibilidad y la legitimidad de algunos gobernantes, sino que también limitan el impacto y la efectividad de la gestión de riesgos, ante lo que ya se puede catalogar como de desastre(AU)


This This article examines the implementation in Ven-ezuela of the risk management model known as the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNIS-DR,2015), or Sendai Framework to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as political conditionality by Official Development Aid (OAD) donors in this context. It explores the political decisions and measures taken by the government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, when the first cases of contagion were barely confirmed in the Chinese city of Wuhan, subsequently ratified on January 3rd, 2020, by Official Com-muniqué of the World Health Organization (WHO), from which life cycle of disaster risk management, policies, deci-sions and practices adopted in Venezuela, are assessed. On the other hand, the political intentionality of International Cooperation is addressed through the Official Development Aid (OAD), revealing patterns that inspire donor action in the face of the ideological needs and alignments that recipient nations assume. It is concluded that the continued subordination of human rights and democracy to other domestic and foreign policy concerns, in particular economic interest, make it clear that in the face of the serious endemic situation that is currently going through the planet as well as in the Venezuelan nation, decisions taken on OAD not only undermine the credibility and legitimacy of some leaders, but also limit the impact and effectiveness of risk management, in the face of what can already be classified as a disaster(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Socorro em Desastres , Gestão de Riscos , Venezuela , Infecções por Coronavirus
14.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(693): 993-997, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401440

RESUMO

Humanitarian work is stressful and can have an impact on the mental health of humanitarian expatriates. In order to reduce stress and its consequences, humanitarian organizations are implementing various measures to keep their staff healthy. Humanitarian workers, on the other hand, must take care of themselves and apply self-protection mechanisms. Most humanitarian workers are doing well. The treating doctor plays a key role in detecting people and behavior at risk. He/she encourages the expatriate to use his/her resources and provide the adequate support and medical follow-up if necessary. Collaboration with the staff health units of humanitarian organizations allows for optimal care of humanitarian workers' medical conditions.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Socorro em Desastres , Estresse Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Organizações/organização & administração , Assistentes Sociais/psicologia , Assistentes Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(693): 998-1001, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401441

RESUMO

The humanitarian mission (expatriation) represents a particular type of long-term travel. A mission with the ICRC lasts on average 12 to 18 months depending on the type of profession and the level of responsibility. Health risk factors are the sum of the risks linked to travel and those linked to the work. The travel destinations naturally present a particular risk profile with security constraints, acceptance of the ICRC's action and living conditions that can be difficult. This article details the measures taken by the ICRC for the health management of its staff, with the aim of better articulating the collaboration between treating doctor and medical teams within the ICRC, and providing the best possible support to humanitarian workers before, during and after their field assignment.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador , Saúde do Trabalhador , Socorro em Desastres , Doença Relacionada a Viagens , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Condições Sociais
16.
Recenti Prog Med ; 111(5): 295-296, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32448878

RESUMO

Italy is one of the most affected countries by the new coronavirus (CoViD-19) pandemic. In the country, there are an estimated 49,000-52,000 homeless people. People experiencing homelessness are among the potentially most vulnerable groups to the CoViD-19. Despite this, in Italy there is a worrying delay in implementation of a national coordinated strategy to protect homeless people from the potentially devastating effects caused by CoViD-19. In order to contain the epidemic among the most vulnerable people, we propose a short operational agenda based on the field experience of the medical-humanitarian organization Medici per i Diritti Umani (Doctors for Human Rights, Italy - MEDU) as well as on the example of initiatives taken by other countries.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoas em Situação de Rua/estatística & dados numéricos , Médicos/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Socorro em Desastres
17.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 41(313): 32-35, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32446555

RESUMO

In humanitarian contexts where children are exposed to major traumatic events, psychological care is fundamental to enable them to escape psychological and social isolation. A group care system, that also offers time dedicated to drawing, shows how children can find the necessary internal and external resources that will help them to restore their confidence in a possible future.


Assuntos
Trauma Psicológico , Socorro em Desastres , Criança , Humanos
18.
Int J Equity Health ; 19(1): 77, 2020 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32460766

RESUMO

Northeastern Nigeria has over the decade suffered from the Boko Haram insurgency and is still in the process of recovery from the complex humanitarian crisis that has displaced and subjected millions of vulnerable children, women and elderly population to poverty, disease outbreaks, hunger and malnutrition. Yet, the conflict-affected states in Northeastern Nigeria is not far away from being the worse-hit by the COVID-19 pandemic if urgent public health preventive measures are not taken to contain the spread of the deadly and highly infectious virus. The question arises, "what is Nigeria doing to tackle the burden of a COVID-19 spread and an ongoing humanitarian crisis?


Assuntos
Conflitos Armados , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Refugiados , Socorro em Desastres
20.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(5): e280-e291, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359503

RESUMO

Protracted conflicts in the Middle East have led to successive waves of refugees crossing borders. Chronic, non-communicable diseases are now recognised as diseases that need to be addressed in such crises. Cancer, in particular, with its costly, multidisciplinary care, poses considerable financial and ethical challenges for policy makers. In 2014 and with funding from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, we reported on cancer cases among Iraqi refugees in Jordan (2010-12) and Syria (2009-11). In this Policy Review, we provide data on 733 refugees referred to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Lebanon (2015-17) and Jordan (2016-17), analysed by cancer type, demographic risk factors, treatment coverage status, and cost. Results show the need for increased funding and evidence-based standard operating procedures across countries to ensure that patients have equitable access to care. We recommend a holistic response to humanitarian crises that includes education, screening, treatment, and palliative care for refugees and nationals and prioritises breast cancer and childhood cancers.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Política de Saúde , Oncologia/organização & administração , Neoplasias/terapia , Refugiados , Socorro em Desastres/organização & administração , Adolescente , Adulto , Assistência à Saúde/economia , Assistência à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Política de Saúde/economia , Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Líbano/epidemiologia , Masculino , Oncologia/economia , Oncologia/legislação & jurisprudência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/economia , Neoplasias/etnologia , Formulação de Políticas , Refugiados/legislação & jurisprudência , Socorro em Desastres/economia , Socorro em Desastres/legislação & jurisprudência , Síria/etnologia , Adulto Jovem
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