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1.
Planta ; 254(4): 77, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535825

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: Overexpression of SaAQP can improve the salt tolerance of transgenic soybean hairy roots and A. thaliana. Salt stress severely affects crop yield and food security. There is a need to improve the salt tolerance of crops, but the discovery and utilization of salt-tolerance genes remains limited. Owing to its strong stress tolerance, Sophora alopecuroides is ideal for the identification of salt-tolerance genes. Therefore, we aimed to screen and identify the salt-tolerance genes in S. alopecuroides. With a yeast expression library of seedlings, salt-tolerant genes were screened using a salt-containing medium to simulate salt stress. By combining salt-treatment screening and transcriptome sequencing, 11 candidate genes related to salt tolerance were identified, including genes for peroxidase, inositol methyltransferase, aquaporin, cysteine synthase, pectinesterase, and WRKY. The expression dynamics of candidate genes were analyzed after salt treatment of S. alopecuroides, and salt tolerance was verified in yeast BY4743. The candidate genes participated in the salt-stress response in S. alopecuroides, and their overexpression significantly improved the salt tolerance of yeast. Salt tolerance mediated by SaAQP was further verified in soybean hairy roots and Arabidopsis thaliana, and it was found that SaAQP might enhance the salt tolerance of A. thaliana by participating in a reactive oxygen species scavenging mechanism. This result provides new genetic resources in plant breeding for salt resistance.


Assuntos
Tolerância ao Sal , Sophora , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Melhoramento Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Sophora/genética , Sophora/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4721-4729, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581081

RESUMO

In this study, we studied the solubility and permeability of matrine, oxymatrine, sophoridine, and oxysophocarpine, four alkaloids in the Mongolian herbal medicine Sophorae Flavescentis Radix, and evaluated the absorption mechanism with the Caco-2 cell model, so as to provide a basis for the new drug development and efficacy evaluation of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix. The results showed that all the four alkaloids had high solubility and high permeability and can be well absorbed, belonging to the class-I drugs of Biopharmaceutical Classification System(BCS). The absorption(AP→BL) and excretion(BL→AP) of matrine and oxymatrine were not affected by the concentration while the absorption depended on P-gp protein. The absorption(AP→BL) and excretion(BL→AP) of sophoridine and oxysophocarpine were positively related to the concentration and time, and the absorption process was independent from P-gp protein. The results provide scientific reference and an experimental basis for the development of Mongolian medical prescriptions containing Sophorae Flavescentis Radix.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Produtos Biológicos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sophora , Células CACO-2 , Medicina Herbária , Humanos
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 2889-2899, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467710

RESUMO

Sophorae Flavescentis Radix,derived from the root of Sophora flavescens in the Leguminosae family,has been widely used in the medicine,agriculture,animal husbandry,and daily chemical industry. A pharmacophore model-based method for rapid discovery of tyrosinase inhibitors( TIs) from S. flavescens was established by molecular docking under Lipinski rules,and verified by enzyme assays. Briefly,the chemical constituent database of S. flavescens( CDSF) was established based on the previous papers. Theoptimal pharmacophore model( OPM) was constructed by DS 2019 on the basis of known active TIs. Eighty-three hits predominated by flavonoids having higher fitting scores with OPM than the positive control were screened out,and subjected to molecular docking based on the three-dimensional structure of tyrosinase crystal protein. The potential TIs such as kurarinone and nor-kurarinone were rapidly discovered from the compounds with higher docking scores than the positive control under the Lipinski rules. The results were verified by the in vitro enzyme assays. The inhibition activities of tyrosinase from non-medicinal parts of S. flavescens were also tested to explore the relationship between the inhibition activity and chemical compositions. This study is expected to provide data support for the comprehensive application and development of S. flavescens and also a new method for the rapid discovery of active substances or functional constituents in the complex systems.


Assuntos
Sophora , Animais , Flavonoides , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4040-4050, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467713

RESUMO

In recent years, the establishment of the commercial grade of Yinpian [traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) pieces for decoction] in the TCM industry has been hotly disputed. In this article, Sophorae Flavescentis Radix(SFR) was selected as a representative example to investigated. Through systematic comparison and analysis, the different grades of SFR slices were traced, verified and evaluated. According to the current published local grade standards of SFR slices, the results showed that the first-class of SFR slices were mostly derived from the wild medicinal materials, the second-class were mostly originated from the cultivated materials in 3-4 years, and the third-class products were from a small number of lateral roots and short-growing years or harsh habitat of wild medicinal materials. On the basis of identifying the sources of different grades of SFR slices, the contents of the active components, including matrine, oxymatrine, oxysophocarpine, sophoridine, N-methyl-cytisine, sophocarpine, were quantitatively determined in typical samples, it was found that the grades were inversely proportional to the contents of active ingredients. In order to ensure the universality of the conclusion, the contents of different grades of commercial SFR slices were determined, and the conclusion was verified as "the commercial grades of SFR slices were inversely linked to their contents of active ingredients". This phenomenon is common in the determination of the commercial grade of Yinpian of radix and rhizome. Therefore, we propose that the method or standard of the commercial grade of Yinpian of radix and rhizome based on the size of Yinpian maybe not proper. Whether and how to classify Yinpian commercial grade is not only a multi-disciplinary issue, especially in combination with clinical efficacy, but also a big problem need to consider the production, commercial circulation and other processes link of quality risk and quality assurance, and should be treated with great caution.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sophora , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas , Rizoma
5.
Comput Biol Med ; 136: 104769, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426169

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that Sophorae Tonkinensis radix et rhizome (ST) can be used to treat some lung diseases. However, the therapeutic potentials, therapeutic advantages, mechanism of action, and material basis of ST treatment of lung diseases remain unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to carry out an integrated analysis based on the biolabel-led research pattern. Proteomics and metabonomics were applied to explore the biolabels responsible for the effect of ST on lung tissue. Based on the biolabels, a bioinformatics database was used to topologically analyze the therapeutic potentials, therapeutic advantages, mechanism of action, and material basis of ST in treating lung diseases. Four human lung-cancer cell models were used to validate the results of the biolabel analysis. In total, 45 proteins and 3 metabolites were significantly enriched in 13 pathways and were considered as biolabels. Bioinformatics revealed that the therapeutic potentials of ST involved a variety of lung diseases, especially lung neoplasms. Under the mediation of 40 biolabels, 29 compounds may be the material basis of ST in treating lung diseases. In a verification experiment, ST had a significant inhibitory effect on the H226 cell line (lung squamous cell carcinoma), which ranks first in morbidity and mortality among lung cancers in China. Additionally, five biolabels (CPS1, CKM, CPT1B, COX5B, and COX4I1) were involved in the anti-lung cancer mechanism of ST and 3 compounds (gallic acid, betulinic acid, and caffeic acid). These findings indicate that the biolabel-led research pattern was helpful in achieving the objectives of this study.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pneumopatias , Sophora , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional , Desenho de Fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Rizoma/química , Sophora/química
6.
Syst Appl Microbiol ; 44(4): 126224, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218028

RESUMO

To investigate the diversity and distribution of rhizobia associated with Sophora davidii in habitats with different light and soil conditions at the Loess Plateau, we isolated rhizobia from root nodules of this plant grown at 14 sites at forest edge or understory in Shaanxi Province. Based on PCR-RFLP and phylogenies of 16S rRNA gene, housekeeping genes (atpD, dnaK, recA), and symbiosis genes (nodC and nifH), a total of 271 isolates were identified as 16 Mesorhizobium genospecies, belonging to four nodC lineages, and three nifH lineages. The dominance of M. waimense in the forest edge and of M. amorphae/Mesorhizobium sp. X in the understory habitat evidenced the illumination as a possible factor to affect the diversity and biogeographic patterns of rhizobia. However, the results of Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCA) among the environmental factors and distribution of rhizobial genospecies illustrated that soil pH and contents of total phosphorus, total potassium and total organic carbon were the main determinants for the community structure of S. davidii rhizobia, while the illumination conditions and available P presented similar and minor effects. In addition, high similarity of nodC and nifH genes between Mesorhizobium robiniae and some S. davidii rhizobia under the forest of Robinia pseudoacacia might be evidence for symbiotic gene lateral transfer. These findings firstly brought an insight into the diversity and distribution of rhizobia associated with S. davidii, and revealed illumination conditions a possible factor with impacts less than the soil traits to drive the symbiosis association between rhizobia and their host legumes.


Assuntos
Rhizobium/classificação , Sophora , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ecossistema , Florestas , Genes Bacterianos , Variação Genética , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rhizobium/isolamento & purificação , Nódulos Radiculares de Plantas/microbiologia , Solo , Microbiologia do Solo , Sophora/microbiologia , Simbiose
7.
Molecules ; 26(14)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299455

RESUMO

An unprecedented novel flavanone davidone F (1) with a seven-membered ring side chain, and a novel flavanonol davidone G (2), along with 11 known flavonoids, were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of Sophora davidii (Franch.) Skeels. Their planar structures were established by UV, IR, HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR data. The relative configurations of 1 and 2 were determined by calculation of NMR chemical shift values, the absolute configuration of 1 and 2 were assigned by comparing their experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Moreover, compounds 1-13 were screened for the translocation activity of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT-4), and the fluorescence intensity was increased to the range of 1.56 and 2.79 folds. Compounds 1 and 2 showed moderate GLUT-4 translocation activity with 1.64 and 1.79 folds enhancement, respectively, at a concentration of 20 µg/mL.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Sophora/metabolismo , China , Dicroísmo Circular/métodos , Flavanonas/química , Flavanonas/isolamento & purificação , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4/efeitos dos fármacos , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas/química , Sophora/química
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298928

RESUMO

Salt stress seriously restricts crop yield and quality, leading to an urgent need to understand its effects on plants and the mechanism of plant responses. Although phytohormones are crucial for plant responses to salt stress, the role of phytohormone signal transduction in the salt stress responses of stress-resistant species such as Sophora alopecuroides has not been reported. Herein, we combined transcriptome and metabolome analyses to evaluate expression changes of key genes and metabolites associated with plant hormone signal transduction in S. alopecuroides roots under salt stress for 0 h to 72 h. Auxin, cytokinin, brassinosteroid, and gibberellin signals were predominantly involved in regulating S. alopecuroides growth and recovery under salt stress. Ethylene and jasmonic acid signals may negatively regulate the response of S. alopecuroides to salt stress. Abscisic acid and salicylic acid are significantly upregulated under salt stress, and their signals may positively regulate the plant response to salt stress. Additionally, salicylic acid (SA) might regulate the balance between plant growth and resistance by preventing reduction in growth-promoting hormones and maintaining high levels of abscisic acid (ABA). This study provides insight into the mechanism of salt stress response in S. alopecuroides and the corresponding role of plant hormones, which is beneficial for crop resistance breeding.


Assuntos
Estresse Salino/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Sophora/genética , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Citocininas/genética , Etilenos/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Melhoramento Vegetal/métodos , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Ácido Salicílico/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Sophora/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
9.
Phytochemistry ; 190: 112842, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214924

RESUMO

A phytochemical investigation on the flowers of Sophora davidii resulted in the isolation of three unusual matrine-adenine hybrids, sophovicines A-C, together with biogenetically related analogue sophocarpine. Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by NMR analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. Since sophovicines represent the first example of matrine-adenine hybrids, a putative biosynthetic pathway toward sophovicines A-C was proposed. In addition, computational molecular modeling suggested that compounds sophovicines B and C may have potent activities against human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). So, the inhibit effects of isolates on HCMV were evaluated. The results show that sophovicines B and C can inhibit HCMV replication effectively with IC50 values of 7.12 and 7.32 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Sophora , Adenina/farmacologia , Alcaloides , Citomegalovirus , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Quinolizinas/farmacologia
10.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 665159, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33954123

RESUMO

It was recently shown that the gut microbiota of both depression patients and depression model animals is significantly altered, suggesting that gut microbes are closely related to depression. Here, we investigated the effects of Sophora alopecuroides L.-derived alkaloids on the gut microbiota of mice with depression-like behaviors. We first established a mouse model of depression via chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) and detected changes in depression-like behaviors and depression-related indicators. Simultaneously, 16S rRNA sequencing was performed to investigate gut microbiota changes. Sophora alopecuroides L.-derived alkaloids improved depression-like behaviors and depression-related indicators in mice. The alkaloids decreased the gut microbiota diversity of CUMS mice and depleted intestinal differentially abundant "harmful" microbiota genera. Spearman analysis showed that there is a certain correlation between the differential microbiota (Lactobacillus, Helicobacter, Oscillospira, Odoribacter, Mucispirillum, Ruminococcus), depression-like behaviors, and depression-related indicators. Combined with the predictive analysis of gut microbiota function, these results indicate that alkaloids improve depression in mice through modulating gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Sophora , Animais , Depressão , Humanos , Camundongos , RNA Ribossômico 16S
11.
Phytomedicine ; 87: 153580, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029939

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most prevalent and lethal cancer with high metastasis and recurrence rates. Hypoxia-induced miRNAs and HIF-1α are demonstrated to play essential roles in tumor metastasis. Matrine (C15H24N2O), an alkaloid extracted from Sophora flavescens Aiton, has been used as adjuvant therapy for liver cancer in China. The anti-metastasis effects of matrine on HCC and the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the effects of matrine on metastasis of HCC both in vitro and in vivo, and explored whether miR-199a-5p and HIF-1α are involved in the action of matrine. METHODS: MTT method, colony formation, wound healing and matrigel transwell assays were performed to evaluate the effects of matrine on cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Nude mice xenograft model and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay were employed to investigate the anti-metastatic action of matrine in vivo. Quantitative real-time PCR, western blot and dual luciferase reporter assay were conducted to determine the underlying mechanisms of matrine. RESULTS: Matrine exerted stronger anti-proliferative action on Bel7402 and SMMC-7721 cells under hypoxia than that in normoxia. Both matrine and miR-199a-5p exhibited significant inhibitory effects on migration, invasion and EMT in Bel7402 and SMMC-7721 cells under hypoxia. Further study showed that miR-199a-5p was downregulated in HCC cell lines, and this microRNA was identified to directly target HIF-1α, resulting in decreased HIF-1α expression. Matrine induced miR-199a-5p expression, decreased HIF-1α expression and inhibited metastasis of Bel7402 and SMMC-7721 cells, while miR-199a-5p knockdown reversed the inhibitory effects of matrine on cell migration, invasion, EMT and HIF-1α expression. In vivo, matrine showed significant anti-metastatic activity in the nude mouse xenograft model. H&E and IHC analysis indicated that lung and liver metastasis nodules were reduced, and the protein expression of HIF-1α and Vimentin were significantly decreased by i.p injection of matrine. CONCLUSIONS: Matrine exhibits significant anti-metastatic effect on HCC, which is attributed to enhanced miR-199a-5p expression and subsequently impaired HIF-1α signaling and EMT. These findings suggest that miR-199a-5p is a potential therapeutic target of HCC, and matrine may represent a promising anti-metastatic medication for HCC therapy.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Quinolizinas/farmacologia , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Sophora/química , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(7): 1763-1768, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982480

RESUMO

To analyze the study advance of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, this study utilized CiteSpace 5.6.R5 software to conduct bibliometrics analysis on the Chinese literatures of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma from 1990 to 2020 included in the CNKI database retrieval platform. The analysis contents involved the number of published papers, co-authors, cooperative institutions, emergence, co-occurrence and clustering of keywords. A total of 808 Chinese literatures were included in the study, of which 17 were published by SUN Rong, the author with the most published papers, and formed a research team centered on SUN Rong; the analysis of the cooperation of publishing institutions showed that the Drug Safety Evaluation Research Center, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine was the organization with the largest number of publications, with a total of 29 articles. It also formed a scientific research coorperation institution with Shandong Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine as the core, and formed a relatively close cooperative network relationship. The analysis of literature keywords showed that the research direction was concentrated on the traditional Chinese medicine of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, pharmacological mechanism, and side effects, active ingredients, etc. Among them, the research on the efficacy and toxicity of the active ingredients of Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma has become a hot trend.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sophora , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Rizoma
13.
Carbohydr Polym ; 262: 117890, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838792

RESUMO

The molecular aggregation of a galactomannan (NSAP-25) from Sophora alopecuroides L. seeds was investigated, where three polydisperse systems were confirmed during particle size analysis, indicating existence of different aggregates composed of random coil chains revealed by circular dichroism. Morphologically, NSAP-25 aggregate of various sizes (200-1200 nm) was possibly multi-stranded and formed by ellipsoid-like particles (20-60 nm) composed of compact coil chain, exhibiting extended amorphous structure with chain-like branches intertwined. Hence, NSAP-25 aggregation was inevitable, which exerted an unignorable effect on augmenting flexibility (ß↓, γ↓, α↓ and Lp/ML↓) and compactness (ρ↓, df↑ and C∞↓) of branched random coil chain based on macromolecular analysis, especially when concentration increased. Moreover, it could be relevant to thermokinetic behavior of random nucleation and subsequent growth (A2 model and negative ΔS*) as well as good thermal stability (IPDT, ITS, t0.05, Tm and Tp), thus conferring potential applications for NSAP-25 in food and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Mananas/química , Sementes/química , Sophora/química , Configuração de Carboidratos , Dicroísmo Circular/métodos , Cinética , Substâncias Macromoleculares , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão/métodos , Tamanho da Partícula , Temperatura , Termogravimetria/métodos
14.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(4): 267-283, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875167

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic refractory non-specific intestinal inflammatory disease that is difficult to be cured. The discovery of new ulcerative colitis-related metabolite biomarkers may help further understand UC and facilitate early diagnosis. It may also provide a basis for explaining the mechanism of drug action in the treatment of UC. Compound Sophorae Decoction (CSD) is an empirical formula used in the clinical treatment of UC. Although it is known to be efficacious, its mechanism of action in the treatment of UC is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in endogenous substances in UC rats and the effects of CSD on metabolic pathways using the metabonomics approach. Metabolomics studies in rats with UC and normal rats were performed using LC-MS/MS. Rats with UC induced using TNBS enema were used as the study models. Metabolic profiling and pathway analysis of biomarkers was performed using statistical and pathway enrichment analyses. 36 screened potential biomarkers were found to be significantly different between the UC and the normal groups; it was also found that CSD could modulate the levels of these potential biomarkers. CSD was found to be efficacious in UC by regulating multiple metabolic pathways.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sophora/química , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
15.
Food Chem ; 356: 129722, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836357

RESUMO

Rutin (RT), a widely distributed natural flavonoid compound, has been generally utilized as an important active ingredient owing to its considerable biomedical and economic value. Inspired by the structure features of densely-packed bayberry and well-orientated honeycomb, a novel type of magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers (HB-TI-MMIPs) with abundant high-affinity and uniformly-distributed binding sites was rationally constructed for the selective enrichment of RT from Sophora japonica. The polymerization conditions, physicochemical properties, and adsorption performance of the imprinted nanomaterials were systematically investigated. The optimized HB-TI-MMIPs display a high adsorption capacity, fast adsorption rate, and satisfactory selectivity towards RT. Meanwhile, the proposed analytical methodology using HPLC, with HB-TI-MMIPs as adsorbents, successfully applied to enrich and detect RT from Sophora japonica with high recoveries (87.2-94.6%) and good RSDs (lower than 4.3%). Therefore, the fabricated HB-TI-MMIPs with a fast magnetic responsivity and desirable adsorption performance would be attractive in plant active ingredients extraction fields.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Imãs/química , Polímeros Molecularmente Impressos/química , Myrica , Rutina/química , Sophora/química , Adsorção , Rutina/isolamento & purificação , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804228

RESUMO

Sophora flavescens, also known as Kushen, has traditionally been used as a herbal medicine. In the present study we evaluated the ameliorative effects of kushenol C (KC) from S. flavescens against tBHP (tert-Butyl hydroperoxide)-induced oxidative stress in hepatocellular carcinoma (HEPG2) cells and acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. KC pretreatment protected the HEPG2 cells against oxidative stress by reducing cell death, apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. KC pretreatment also upregulated pro-caspase 3 and GSH (glutathione) as well as expression of 8-Oxoguanine DNA Glycosylase (OGG1) in the HEPG2 cells. The mechanism of action was partly related by KC's activation of Akt (Protein kinase B (PKB)) and Nrf2 (Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2) in the HepG2 cells. In in vivo investigations, coadministration of mice with KC and APAP significantly attenuated APAP-induced hepatotoxicity and liver damage, as the serum enzymatic activity of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase, as well as liver lipid peroxidation and cleaved caspase 3 expression, were reduced in APAP-treated mice. Coadministration with KC also up-regulated antioxidant enzyme expression and prevented the production of proinflammatory mediators in APAP-treated mice. Taken together, these results showed that KC treatment has potential as a therapeutic agent against liver injury through the suppression of oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Sophora/química , terc-Butil Hidroperóxido/efeitos adversos , Alanina Transaminase/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/fisiologia , Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Medicina Herbária/métodos , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Phytochem Anal ; 32(6): 1003-1010, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751700

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ambient pressure electrospray ionisation ion mobility spectrometry coupled to high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to detect alkaloids from different parts of Sophora alopecuroides L. extracts. Multiplexing ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) was used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio while maintaining high resolving power for the detecting of eluents from HPLC separation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The alkaloids profile and distribution are demonstrated by retention time-drift time two-dimensional spaces, and the contents of five major alkaloids including sophoridine, sophocarpine, cytisine, aloperine, and matrine were determined in the leaf, skin, stem, seed kernel, and seed husk using the HPLC-IMS method. This method offers extra separation ability to isomers such as matrine and sophocarpine, which can be difficult to distinguish by mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The reduced mobilities for cytisine, sophoridine, sophocarpine, matrine, and aloperine are 0.828, 0.718, 0.731, 0.725, and 0.769 cm2 /V/s, respectively. The limits of detection are 0.553, 0.488, 0.479, 0.484, and 0.513 ug/mL. This method adds extra separation ability to HPLC to resolve co-eluted peaks and provides another qualitative parameter besides HPLC retention time.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Sophora , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Mobilidade Iônica , Extratos Vegetais
18.
Bioorg Chem ; 110: 104781, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677246

RESUMO

Forty-three quinolizidine alkaloids (1-43), including twelve new matrine-type ones, sophalodes A-L (1-7, 17, 19 and 28-30), were isolated from the seeds of Sophora alopecuroides. Structurally, compounds 1-4 were the first examples of C-11 oxidized matrine-type alkaloids from Sophora plants. The structures and absolute configurations of new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic techniques, X-ray diffraction analysis, and quantum chemical calculation. In addition, the NMR data and absolute configuration of compound 18 was reported for the first time. All the isolates were evaluated for their inhibition on nitric oxide production induced by lipopolysaccharide in RAW 264.7 macrophages, among them, compounds 29, 38 and 42 exhibited the most significant activity with IC50 values of 29.19, 25.86 and 33.30 µM, respectively. Further research about new compound 29 showed that it also suppressed the protein levels of iNOS and COX-2, which revealed its anti-inflammatory potential. Moreover, additional research showed that compound 16 exhibited marginal cytotoxicity against HeLa cell lines, with an IC50 value of 24.27 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Quinolizidinas/farmacologia , Sophora/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Quinolizidinas/química , Quinolizidinas/isolamento & purificação , Células RAW 264.7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
19.
J Nat Med ; 75(3): 682-687, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656740

RESUMO

Five matrine-type alkaloids (1‒5) including two new compounds (1 and 3) and a new natural product (2) were isolated from the roots of Sophora tonkinesis. Their structures were identified by extensive spectroscopic analysis (UV, IR, HRESIMS and NMR). The absolute configurations of 2 and 3 were determined by X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1‒5 were evaluated their activity against inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 levels on LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages, and compound 1 showed the most significant activity, potent than that of matrine, the representative ingredient from Sophora plants.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Quinolizinas/farmacologia , Sophora/química , Alcaloides/química , Animais , China , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas/química , Células RAW 264.7
20.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 198: 113994, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676169

RESUMO

In traditional Chinese medicine theory, Sophorae Tonkinensis radix et rhizome (ST) has the effects of treating tonsillitis, sore throats, and heat-evil-induced diseases. However, the utilization of ST is relatively restricted owing to its toxicity. The previous studies have made some progress on the mechanism and material basis of ST-induced hepatotoxicity, but there is still no significant breakthrough. In this study, integrated omics and bioinformatics analyses were used to investigate the mechanism and material basis of ST-induced hepatotoxicity. Integrated omics were used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins and metabolites, based on which the significantly dysregulated pathways were analyzed by using MetaboAnalyst. Bioinformatics was applied to screen the toxic targets and material basis. Integrated omics revealed that 254 proteins and 42 metabolites were differentially expressed after the treatment with ST, out of which 7 proteins were significantly enriched in 3 pathways. Bioinformatics showed that 20 compounds may interfere with the expression of 7 toxic targets of ST. Multiple toxic targets of ST-induced hepatotoxicity were found in the study, whose dysregulation may trigger hepatocyte necrosis/apoptosis, liver metastasis, and liver cirrhosis. Multiple compounds may be the toxic material basis in response to these effects.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Sophora , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Biologia Computacional , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Rizoma
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