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2.
Kyobu Geka ; 74(9): 687-691, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446623

RESUMO

The patient was an 81-year-old man. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation( TAVI) was performed for severe aortic stenosis using Evolut R. The patient moved to intensive care unit without an adverse event after the operation. But repeated acute heart failure occurred several times during hospital stay. Mitral regurgitation (MR) was worsened from mild at baseline to moderate or more by transthoracic echocardiography. Various factors that worsened MR after TAVI have been reported, and treatment strategy for severe aortic stenosis patients with MR should be carefully developed.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(7)2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356976

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Conduction disturbances such as left bundle branch block (LBBB) and complete atrio-ventricular block (cAVB) are relatively frequent complications following trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We investigated the dynamics of these conduction blocks to further understand luxating factors and predictors for their persistency. Materials and Methods: We prospectively included 157 consecutive patients who underwent a TAVI procedure. Electrocardiograms (ECGs) were obtained at specific time points during the TAVI procedure and at follow-up until at least six months post-procedure. Results: Of the 106 patients with a narrow QRS complex (nQRS) before TAVI, ~70% developed LBBB; 28 (26.4%) being classified as super-transient (ST-LBBB), 20 (18.9%) as transient (T-LBBB) and 24 (22.6%) as persistent (P-LBBB). Risk of LBBB was higher for self-expandable (SE) than for balloon-expandable (BE) prostheses and increased with larger implant depth. During the TAVI procedure conduction disturbances showed a dynamic behavior, as illustrated by alternating kinds of blocks in 18 cases. Most LBBBs developed during balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) and at positioning and deployment of the TAVI prosthesis. The incidence of LBBB was not significantly different between patients who did and did not undergo BAV prior to TAVI implantation (65.3% and 74.2%, respectively (p = 0.494)). Progression to cAVB was most frequent for patients with preexisting conduction abnormalities (5/34) patients) and in patients showing ST-LBBB (6/28). Conclusions: During the TAVI procedure, conduction disturbances showed a dynamic behavior with alternating types of block in 18 cases. After a dynamic period of often alternating types of block, most BBBs are reversible while one third persist. Patients with ST-LBBB are most prone to progressing into cAVB. The observation that the incidence of developing LBBB after TAVI is similar with and without BAV suggests that a subgroup of patients has a substrate to develop LBBB regardless of the procedure.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Marca-Passo Artificial , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444637

RESUMO

The present study aimed to analyze sleep quality and quality of Life (QoL) in patients undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI). It was conducted at the Interventional Cardiology Unit of the Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health of the University of Padova on 27 adult patients who underwent TAVI via the transfemoral approach. Patients completed two validated instruments, i.e., the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the EuroQoL (EQ-5D-5L), on the day of discharge and one month after the hospital discharge. Twenty-seven patients were enrolled with a severe aortic stenosis diagnosis, treated with transfemoral TAVI procedure. The study population included seventeen poor sleepers and ten good sleepers with a median age of 81.92 years overall. The global PSQI evaluation revealed a small significant improvement at follow-up (p-value 0.007). Small positive changes were detected in the Self-care and Usual activity domains of the EQ-5D-5L and the EQ-VAS. No correlation was detected between EQ-5D-5L and sleep quality. The present study confirms the importance of sleep quality monitoring in patients who undergo TAVI procedure for aortic stenosis treatment.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Sono , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 66: 37-45, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332660

RESUMO

Aortic stenosis is the most common valvulopathy requiring replacement by means of the surgical or transcatheter approach. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has quickly become a viable and often preferred treatment strategy compared to surgical aortic valve replacement. However, transcatheter heart valve system deployment not infrequently injures the specialized electrical system of the heart, leading to new conduction disorders including high-grade atrioventricular block and complete heart block (CHB) necessitating permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI), which may lead to deleterious effects on cardiac function and patient outcomes. Additional conduction disturbances (e.g., new-onset persistent left bundle branch block, PR/QRS prolongation, and transient CHB) currently lack clearly defined management algorithms leading to variable strategies among institutions. This article outlines the current understanding of the pathophysiology, patient and procedural risk factors, means for further risk stratification and monitoring of patients without a clear indication for PPI, our institutional approach, and future directions in the management and evaluation of post-TAVR conduction disturbances.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Marca-Passo Artificial , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Potenciais de Ação , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Estimulação Cardíaca Artificial/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26556, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) as an effective and convenient intervention has been adopted extensively for patients with severe aortic disease. However, the efficacy and safety of TAVI have not yet been well evaluated and its noninferiority compared with traditional surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) still lack sufficient evidence. This meta-analysis was designed to comprehensively compare the noninferiority of TAVI with sAVR for patients with severe aortic disease. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science up to October 1, 2020 was conducted for relevant studies that comparing TAVI and sAVR in the treatment of severe aortic disease. The primary outcomes were early, midterm and long term mortality. The secondary outcomes included early complications and other late outcomes. Two reviewers assessed trial quality and extracted the data independently. All statistical analyzes were performed using the standard statistical procedures provided in Review Manager 5.2. RESULTS: A total of 16 studies including 14394 patients were identified. There was no difference in 30-day, 1-year, 2-year, and 5-year all-cause or cardiovascular mortality as well as stroke between TAVI and sAVR. Regarding to the 30-day outcomes, compared with sAVR, TAVI experienced a significantly lower incidence of myocardial infarction (risk ratio [RR] 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.40-0.97; 5441 pts), cardiogenic shock (RR 0.34; 95% CI 0.19-0.59; 1936 pts), acute kidney injury (AKI) > stage 2 (RR 0.37; 95% CI 0.25-0.54; 5371 pts), and new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) (RR 0.29; 95% CI 0.24-0.35; 5371 pts) respectively, but higher incidence of permanent pacemaker implantation (RR 3.16; 95% CI 1.61-6.21; 5441 pts) and major vascular complications (RR 2.22; 95% CI 1.14-4.32; 5371 pts). Regarding to the 1- and 2-year outcomes, compared with sAVR, TAVI experienced a significantly lower incidence of NOAF, but higher incidence of neurological events, transient ischemic attacks (TIA), permanent pacemaker and major vascular complications respectively. Regarding to the 5-year outcomes, compared with sAVR, TAVI experienced a significantly lower incidence of NOAF, but higher incidence of TIA and reintervention respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis shows that TAVI was equal to sAVR in early, midterm and long term mortality for patients with severe aortic disease. In addition, TAVI may be favorable in reducing the incidence of both early, midterm and long term NOAF. However, pooled results showed superiority of sAVR in reducing permanent pacemaker implantation, neurological events, TIA, major vascular complications and reintervention.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Comorbidade , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Marca-Passo Artificial , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26613, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260547

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Presently, transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) as an effective and convenient intervention has been adopted extensively for patients with severe aortic disease. However, after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and TAVR, the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) is prevalently found. This meta-analysis was designed to comprehensively compare the incidence of NOAF at different times after TAVR and SAVR for patients with severe aortic disease. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science up to October 1, 2020 was conducted for relevant studies that comparing TAVR and SAVR in the treatment of severe aortic disease. The primary outcomes were the incidence of NOAF with early, midterm and long term follow-up. The secondary outcomes included permanent pacemaker (PM) implantation, myocardial infarction (MI), cardiogenic shock, as well as mortality and other complications. Two reviewers assessed trial quality and extracted the data independently. All statistical analyses were performed using the standard statistical procedures provided in Review Manager 5.2. RESULTS: A total of 16 studies including 13,310 patients were identified. The pooled results indicated that, compared with SAVR, TAVR experienced a significantly lower incidence of 30-day/in-hospital, 1-year, 2-year, and 5-year NOAF, with pooled risk ratios (RRs) of 0.31 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.23-0.41; 5725 pts), 0.30 (95% CI 0.24-0.39; 6321 pts), 0.48 (95% CI 0.38-0.61; 3441 pts), and 0.45 (95% CI 0.37-0.55; 2268 pts) respectively. In addition, TAVR showed lower incidence of MI (RR 0.62; 95% CI 0.40-0.97) and cardiogenic shock (RR 0.34; 95% CI 0.19-0.59), but higher incidence of permanent PM (RR 3.16; 95% CI 1.61-6.21) and major vascular complications (RR 2.22; 95% CI 1.14-4.32) at 30-day/in-hospital. At 1- and 2-year after procedure, compared with SAVR, TAVR experienced a significantly higher incidence of neurological events, transient ischemic attacks (TIA), permanent PM, and major vascular complications, respectively. At 5-year after procedure, compared with SAVR, TAVR experienced a significantly higher incidence of TIA and re-intervention respectively. There was no difference in 30-day, 1-year, 2-year, and 5-year all-cause or cardiovascular mortality as well as stroke between TAVR and SAVR. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis showed that TAVR was superior to SAVR in decreasing the both short and long term postprocedural NOAF. TAVR was equal to SAVR in early, midterm and long term mortality. In addition, TAVR showed lower incidence of 30-day/in-hospital MI and cardiogenic shock after procedure. However, pooled results showed that TAVR was inferior to SAVR in reducing permanent pacemaker implantation, neurological events, TIA, major vascular complications, and re-intervention.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
BMJ Case Rep ; 14(7)2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285025

RESUMO

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is becoming the standard of care in the management of severe aortic stenosis for patients in all risk stratifications. Many causes have been identified for acute drop in blood pressure during TAVR. Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a rare, but important acute intraprocedural complication that requires rapid assessment and treatment. Two important reasons for acute MR during TAVR include entanglement of the guide wire in papillary muscles and extension of the guidewire into the left atrium. Here, we report a case of acute reversible MR which was assessed using an echocardiogram and rapidly reversed by removing the stiff preshaped Safari2 wire from the left ventricle post valve deployment.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 27(8): 2205-2207, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287127

RESUMO

Q fever infective endocarditis frequently mimics degenerative valvular disease. We tested for Coxiella burnettii antibodies in 155 patients in Israel who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Q fever infective endocarditis was diagnosed and treated in 4 (2.6%) patients; follow-up at a median 12 months after valve implantation indicated preserved prosthetic valvular function.


Assuntos
Endocardite Bacteriana , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Febre Q , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Endocardite Bacteriana/diagnóstico , Endocardite Bacteriana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Febre Q/diagnóstico , Febre Q/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos
10.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201104

RESUMO

Background and objectives: In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) has a prognostic value for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), including stroke, re-hospitalization, and short-term all-cause mortality at 6 months, in aortic stenosis (AS) patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Materials and Methods: A total of 120 patients who underwent TAVI due to severe AS were retrospectively included in our study. The main outcome of the study was MACEs and short-term all-cause mortality at 6 months. Results: The SII was found to be higher in TAVI patients who developed MACEs than in those who did not develop them. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the SII (HR: 1.002, 95%CI: 1.001-1.003, p < 0.01) was an independent predictor of MACEs in AS patients after TAVI. The optimal value of the SII for MACEs in AS patients following TAVI was >1.056 with 94% sensitivity and 96% specificity (AUC (the area under the curve): 0.960, p < 0.01). We noted that the AUC value of SII in predicting MACEs was significantly higher than the AUC value of the C-reactive protein (AUC: 0.960 vs. AUC: 0.714, respectively). Conclusions: This is the first study to show that high pre-procedural SII may have a predictive value for MACEs and short-term mortality in AS patients undergoing TAVI.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Inflamação , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
BMJ Open ; 11(7): e042857, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230011

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is performed in elderly patients with severe aortic valve stenosis and increased operative risks. We tested the hypothesis that acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) have a predictive value for prevalent complications after TAVI and could serve as indicators of systemic inflammation in the early postoperative period. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: This study is a secondary analysis of multicentre CESARO- study. PARTICIPANTS: 48 patients with TAVI were included and 43 obtained the complete assessment. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Patients' clinical parameters, demographic data, peripheral AChE and BChE activities and routine blood markers were assessed throughout the perioperative period using bedside point-of-care measurements for AChE and BChE. Postoperative complication screening was conducted up to the third postoperative day and included infections, delirium and heart-rhythm disturbances. After assessment, the patients were divided into complication and noncomplication group. RESULTS: Of 43 patients, 24 developed postsurgical complications (55.8%). Preoperative assessment showed no significant differences regarding demographic data and laboratory markers, but preoperative BChE levels were significantly lower in patients who developed postoperative complications (complication group 2589.2±556.4 vs noncomplication group 3295.7±628.0, Cohen's r=0.514, p<0.001). In complication group, we observed an early, sustained reduction in BChE activity from preoperative to postoperative period. In complication group, BChE levels were significantly lower at each time point compared with noncomplication group. AChE activity showed no significant difference between both groups. Complication group also had longer stay in hospital overall. CONCLUSION: BChE could be a useful perioperative biomarker to identify patients with a higher risk for postoperative complications after TAVI. By using point-of-care measurements, the levels of BChE are fast available and can lead to an early targeted therapy. Predicting the length of the hospital stay might play an important role in staff and resource management for these patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01964274; Post-results.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Biomarcadores , Butirilcolinesterase , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Curr Cardiol Rep ; 23(8): 94, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196775

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we provide an overview of potential prosthesis - related complications after transcatheter aortic valve replacement, their incidences, the imaging modalities best suited for detection, and possible strategies to manage these complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Therapy for severe aortic valve stenosis requiring intervention has increasingly evolved toward transcatheter aortic valve replacement over the past decade, and the number of procedures performed has increased steadily in recent years. As more and more centers favor a minimalistic approach and largely dispense with general anesthesia and intra-procedural imaging by transesophageal echocardiography, post-procedural imaging is becoming increasingly important to promptly detect dysfunction of the transcatheter valve and potential complications. Complications after transcatheter aortic valve replacement must be detected immediately in order to initiate adequate therapeutic measures, which require a profound knowledge of possible complications that may occur after transcatheter aortic valve replacement, the imaging modalities best suited for detection, and available treatment options.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 19(8): 695-709, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227916

RESUMO

Introduction: Over the past decade, the number of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures has increased exponentially. Despite major improvements in both device and successes, the rate of hospital readmission after TAVR remains high, with heart failure (HF) decompensation being one of the most important causes.Areas covered: This review provides an overview of the current status of HF following TAVR, including details about its incidence, clinical impact, contributing factors, and current and future treatment perspectives.Expert opinion: HF decompensation has been identified as the most common cause of rehospitalization following TAVR, and it has been associated with a negative prognosis. Multiple preexisting factors including low flow status, cardiac amyloidosis, myocardial fibrosis, multivalvular disease, pulmonary hypertension, coronary artery disease, and atrial fibrillation have been associated with an increased risk of HF events. Also, multiple post-procedural factors like the occurrence of significant paravalvular leaks, severe prosthesis-patient mismatch, and conduction disturbances have also contributed to increase this risk . Thus, reducing HF events in TAVR recipients would require a multifactorial and multidisciplinary effort including the optimization of the medical treatment and close follow-up and treatment of residual or concomitant valvular disease and conduction disturbance issues. Future studies in this challenging group of patients are warranted.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Fibrilação Atrial , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 19(8): 725-737, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263701

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular events are one of the most serious consequences after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). More than half of the cerebrovascular events following TAVR are due to procedure-related emboli. Embolic protection devices (EPDs) have the potential to decrease cerebrovascular events during TAVR procedure. However, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have not conclusively determined if EPDs are effective, likely because of small number of patients enrolled. However, meta-analyses and propensity-matched analyses from large registries have shown efficacy and suggest the importance of EPDs in prevention of stroke during TAVR and perhaps other structural heart procedures. AREAS COVERED: This review will focus on clinical and histopathologic studies examining the efficacy, safety, and histopathologic device capture findings in the presence and absence of EPDs during TAVR procedures. EXPERT OPINION: Clinical studies have not conclusively determined the efficacy of EPDs. Current ongoing large-scale RCT (PROTECTED TAVR [NCT04149535]) has the potential to prove their efficacy. Histopathological evaluation of debris captured by EPDs contributes to our understanding of the mechanisms of TAVR procedure-related embolic events and suggests the importance of preventing cerebral embolization of debris released during this and other structural heart procedures.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther ; 19(8): 711-723, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275408

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Significant mitral regurgitation (MR) frequently coexists in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). These patients have worse clinical outcomes than those with non-significant MR, especially if MR persists after treatment of the aortic stenosis. The optimal treatment approach for this challenging high-risk population is not well defined. AREAS COVERED: This review aims to present the current literature on concomitant significant MR in the TAVR population, and to provide a comprehensive algorithmic approach for clinical decision-making in this challenging cohort of patients. EXPERT OPINION: Concomitant mitral and aortic valve disease is a complex clinical entity. An exhaustive and comprehensive assessment of patient's clinical characteristics and mitral valve anatomy and function is required in order to assess the surgical risk, predict the MR response after AVR and evaluate the feasibility of percutaneous MV treatment if necessary. Further developments in transcatheter techniques will expand the indications for double valve treatment in operable and inoperable patients with concomitant significant MR and aortic stenosis.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Card Surg ; 36(10): 3519-3527, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250647

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) remains a frequent complication. Predictors, however, have been mainly investigated in single-center studies. Therefore, nationwide data were used to identify patients-and procedural risk factors for postoperative PPI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from the Netherlands Heart Registration (NHR). Patients enrolled in the NHR undergoing isolated SAVR from 2013 to 2019 were analyzed. Primary endpoint was in-hospital PPI during hospitalization after SAVR. RESULTS: From the NHR database, 5600 patients with symptomatic aortic valve stenosis were included in the study. Crude incidence of post-SAVR PPI was 4.0%. Backward regression analysis identified previous cardiac surgery (odds ratio [OR]: 1.80; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.18-2.76), extra-corporeal circulation time (OR: 1.01; 95% CI: 1.00-1.01), vasopressor use (OR: 2.66; 95% CI: 1.79-3.96) and in-hospital cardiac conduction abnormalities (OR: 4.48; 95% CI: 3.36-5.98) as potential predictors for PPI. Across the time, PPI after SAVR significantly increased (OR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.03-1.21). CONCLUSIONS: From this nationwide analysis, PPI after SAVR remains a low but increasingly frequent complication. Several predictive factors for postoperative PPI after SAVR have been identified and might be useful for patient informed consent about potential adverse event rate.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Marca-Passo Artificial , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Incidência , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Card Surg ; 36(10): 3673-3678, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mortality following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with post-procedural left ventricular systolic dysfunction remains high. We investigated clinical variables associating with worse clinical outcomes following TAVR in patients with systolic dysfunction. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 2588 patients with severe aortic stenosis who received TAVR and were enrolled in the optimized transcatheter valvular intervention (OCEAN-TAVI) multicenter registry (UMIN000020423). The association between the clinical variables following TAVR and 2-year cardiovascular mortality was investigated among those with post-TAVR left ventricular ejection fraction less than 50%. RESULTS: A total of 298 patients (median 85 years old, 131 men) were included. The presence of moderate or greater tricuspid regurgitation following TAVR was independently associated with 2-year mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 3.41, 95% confidence interval 1.15-10.1), and significantly discriminated 2-year cardiovascular mortality (30% vs. 12%, p = 0.001). No patients with any improvement in tricuspid regurgitation had cardiovascular death. CONCLUSION: Following TAVR, the existence of significant tricuspid regurgitation was associated with cardiovascular mortality in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
J Card Surg ; 36(10): 3846-3847, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310747

RESUMO

We describe massive thrombus formation completely occluding an aortic bioprosthesis in a patient with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and apical venting. The thrombus was surgically removed and the patient recovered with no complications. Timely identification and immediate surgical removal of thrombi may allow patient recovery with no severe complications.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Trombose , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Bioprótese/efeitos adversos , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/cirurgia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(9): 105927, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252826

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: An assessment of the comparative incidence of fatal or disabling stroke may influence choice of intervention for patients with severe aortic stenosis. We explored whether transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is associated with a lower incidence of fatal or disabling stroke, compared to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). MATERIALS & METHODS: We classified stroke into two categories; fatal or disabling, or non-disabling, and completed meta-analyses for each. We explored randomised controlled trials to assess the effect publication year, predicted operative risk, and route of TAVI access. RESULTS: There was no difference between treatment groups per 100 person years of follow up for disabling or non-disabling stroke outcomes. In a stratified analysis by year of publication, there was a lower rate of fatal or disabling stroke with TAVI in trials published after 2015, compared to those published in 2015 or before (p-interaction = 0.01 at 30 days). Higher proportions of transfemoral route access (>90%), more common in recent trials, were associated with a lower rate of fatal or disabling stroke (p-interaction = 0.03 at 30 days). Lower average surgical risk scores were associated with lower rates of fatal or disabling stroke (p = 0.02 at 30 days). CONCLUSION: We found that treatment of aortic stenosis with TAVI compared with SAVR was not associated with an overall reduced risk in fatal or disabling stroke. Subgroup analyses suggested a lower risk of fatal or disabling stroke with TAVI in situations which reflect contemporary practice.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/instrumentação , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
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