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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(15): e19656, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282716

RESUMO

To determine the influence of puncture site on aspiration in dealing with pneumothorax following CT-guided lung biopsy.Two hundred thirty-six pneumothorax patients after CT guided lung biopsies were retrospective analyzed from January 2013 to December 2018. Patients with minor asymptomatic pneumothorax were treated conservatively with monitoring of vital signs and follow-up CT to confirm stability. Ninety of the 236 pneumothorax patients, who underwent manual aspiration, were included in this analysis. In first manual aspiration, the needle from the lesion was retracted back into the pleural space after biopsy, and then aspiration treatment was performed. If the treatment is of unsatisfied result, a second attempt aspiration treatment, which puncture site away from initial biopsy one, was conducted. The efficacy of simple manual aspiration and the new method, changing puncture site for re-aspiration was observed.Immediate success was obtained in 62 out of the 90 patients in the first attempt. The effective rate and failure rate were 68.9% (62/90) and 31.1% (28/90), respectively. Twenty-eight patients in whom first attempt simple aspiration were unsuccessful underwent a second attempt aspiration, which puncture site away from initial biopsy one, was successful in 13 patients with 15 patients undergoing chest tube placement. The effective rate and failure rate were 46.4% (13/28) and 53.6% (15/28), respectively. Applying the modified procedure, total effective rate of aspiration elevated significantly from 68.9% (62/90) to 83.3% (75/90) (P < .05). No serious side effects were detected in the period of aspiration procedure.Manual aspiration with puncture site away from initial biopsy one is worth trying to deal with post-biopsy pneumothorax. This modified procedure improved the efficiency of treatment significantly, and reduced the rate of pneumothorax requiring chest tube placement.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Punções/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Tubos Torácicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/instrumentação , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cavidade Pleural/patologia , Pneumotórax/terapia , Punções/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sucção/efeitos adversos , Sucção/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Falha de Tratamento
3.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 115(2): 165-178, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023228

RESUMO

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth is defined as the presence of excessive numbers of bacteria in the small bowel, causing gastrointestinal symptoms. This guideline statement evaluates criteria for diagnosis, defines the optimal methods for diagnostic testing, and summarizes treatment options for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. This guideline provides an evidence-based evaluation of the literature through the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) process. In instances where the available evidence was not appropriate for a formal GRADE recommendation, key concepts were developed using expert consensus.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Síndrome da Alça Cega/diagnóstico , Síndrome da Alça Cega/terapia , Dietoterapia , Transplante de Microbiota Fecal , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Testes Respiratórios , Técnicas de Cultura , Humanos , Hidrogênio/análise , Intestino Delgado , Metano/análise , Sucção
4.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(2): 89-93, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are several ways to remove silicone oil (SO) from the vitreous cavity. OBJECTIVES: To describe a simple, safe and inexpensive method of 2-port SO removal. METHODS: Medical charts of 33 patients who underwent SO removal combined with cataract extraction were retrospectively reviewed, from a cohort of 119 patients who had silicone oil removal. The primary outcome was the rate of re-detachment, secondary outcomes included visual acuity (VA) and intraoperative and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Mean follow-up time was 27.6 months (0.25-147 ± 33.1), and mean tamponade duration prior to SO removal was 16.77 months (4-51.5 ± 14.6). The re-detachment rate was 3% (one patient). Postoperatively, seven patients (20%) had epiretinal membrane (ERM), eight patients had posterior capsule opacification (24%), and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) was diagnosed in two patients (6%). Compared to the mean VA (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [LogMAR]) at the preoperative examination, the mean VA (LogMAR) improved significantly at the last visit when including all ranges of VA (n=32, LogMAR 1.52 vs. 1.05 P = 0.0002 [Student's t-test] and P = 0.001 [Wilcoxon test]). CONCLUSIONS: The technique described is fast and simple, keeping the posterior capsule intact in pseudophakic patients, which is advantageous in the event of future re-detachment necessitating SO reinjection. Rates of re-detachment and postoperative ERM and PVR were low. Furthermore, our method does not require the use of a surgical microscope with posterior segment viewing systems, or opening a full disposable vitrectomy set, thus drastically reducing the procedure's cost.


Assuntos
Tamponamento Interno/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Descolamento Retiniano , Óleos de Silicone/uso terapêutico , Sucção , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Recidiva , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Descolamento Retiniano/diagnóstico , Descolamento Retiniano/fisiopatologia , Descolamento Retiniano/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sucção/efeitos adversos , Sucção/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual , Cirurgia Vitreorretiniana/métodos
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18669, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895833

RESUMO

In ophthalmic surgery, coughing during emergence from general anesthesia may have a detrimental effect on intraocular pressure. Tracheal suction during emergence may elicit this reflex. The optimal effect-site concentration (EC) of propofol to prevent triggering of the cough reflex during tracheal suctioning is unknown. The aim of this study is to assess the optimal EC of propofol for tracheal suctioning during emergence in patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery.Twenty-one patients were enrolled, all of them American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II non-smokers undergoing ophthalmic surgery. Anesthesia was induced and maintained under total intravenous anesthesia using target-controlled infusion. During emergence from general anesthesia, tracheal suction was performed at different propofol concentrations as required for Dixon's up-and-down method with a step size of 0.2 µg/ml. A propofol concentration at which the cough reflex was not triggered during tracheal suctioning was considered successful.The EC50 of propofol for tracheal suction without cough was 1.4 µg/ml and the EC95 was 1.6 µg/ml.Tracheal suction may be accomplished without triggering the cough reflex when the propofol effect-site concentration is higher than 1.6 µg/ml.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Intravenosos/administração & dosagem , Tosse/prevenção & controle , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos , Propofol/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Tosse/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sucção/efeitos adversos
9.
Eur J Ophthalmol ; 30(1): 224-228, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871372

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to study the safety and efficacy of posterior capsulorhexis in vitrectomized eyes undergoing combined phacoemulsification or irrigation/aspiration and silicone oil removal. METHODS: This prospective non-randomized interventional study involved 115 silicone-filled eyes of 115 previously vitrectomized patients. All patients underwent combined phacoemulsification or underwent irrigation/aspiration and silicone oil removal, followed by foldable intraocular lens implantation combined with primary posterior trans-scleral capsulorhexis. A 23-gauge trans-scleral vitrectomy probe was used to form the posterior capsulorhexis (vitrectorhexis). Patients were followed for 6 months. RESULTS: Intraocular lenses maintained good centration in the capsular bag during and after trans-scleral posterior capsulorhexis. No complications were observed in the postoperative period regarding lens centration or size of the posterior capsulorhexis. No included eyes needed YAG laser posterior capsulotomy and no recurrent retinal detachment was reported during follow-up. CONCLUSION: Performing primary trans-scleral capsulorhexis in patients undergoing combined phacoemulsification, or irrigation/aspiration and silicone oil removal, enabled achievement of an early postoperative clear visual axis and prevented the onset of dense postoperative posterior capsular opacification in previously silicone-filled eyes. This technique is reproducible and may facilitate additional intra-operative procedures and uncomplicated postoperative follow-up of retinal detachment patients without requiring YAG laser capsulotomy.


Assuntos
Capsulorrexe/métodos , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Óleos de Silicone , Sucção/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Descolamento Retiniano/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Vitrectomia
10.
Anaesthesia ; 75(3): 323-330, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802485

RESUMO

We aimed to compare the reliability of aspiration via a nasogastric tube with ultrasound for assessment of residual gastric volume. Sixty-one adult patients who were mechanically ventilated and received continuous enteral feeding through a nasogastric tube for > 48 h were included. A first qualitative and quantitative ultrasound examination of the gastric antrum was followed by gastric suctioning, performed by an operator blinded to the result of the ultrasound examination. A second ultrasound examination was performed thereafter, followed by re-injection of the aspirated gastric contents (≤ 250 ml) into the stomach. A third ultrasound assessment was then immediately performed. If the suctioned volume was ≥ 250 ml, 250 mg erythromycin was infused over 30 min. A fourth ultrasound was performed 90 min after the third. Sixty (98%) patients had a qualitatively assessed full stomach at first ultrasound examination vs. 52 (85%) after gastric suctioning (p = 0.016). The calculated gastric volume significantly decreased after gastric suctioning, without a significant decrease in the number of patients with volume ≥ 250 ml. Four of the nine patients with calculated gastric volume ≥ 250 ml had vomiting within the last 24 h (p = 0.013). The antral cross-sectional area significantly decreased between the third and the fourth ultrasound examination (p = 0.015). Erythromycin infusion did not make a significant difference to gastric volume (n = 10). Our results demonstrate that gastric suctioning is not a reliable tool for monitoring residual gastric volume. Gastric ultrasound is a feasible and promising tool for gastric volume monitoring in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Aspiração Respiratória de Conteúdos Gástricos/diagnóstico por imagem , Estômago/diagnóstico por imagem , Sucção/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Eritromicina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Esvaziamento Gástrico , Conteúdo Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Intubação Gastrointestinal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Intraoperatória , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estômago/anatomia & histologia , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Ultrassonografia , Vômito/etiologia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18061, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860955

RESUMO

Close suction drainage systems are widely used in orthopedics and spine surgeries. There are less studies investigating the outcomes of using subfascial closed suction drains in adolescent patients who had undergone idiopathic scoliosis surgery. We evaluated the outcomes of patients with and without closed suction drainage and to investigate whether close suction drainage is needed after adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery.We retrospectively investigated 63 patients, who underwent posterior spinal surgery for AIS from January 2015 to January 2018. The patients were divided into the following groups: Groups A (drainage group) and B (nondrainage group). We evaluated the wound drainage (wound oozing), need for transfusion, preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin levels, length of hospital stay, and postoperative blood loss from closed suction drains. Patients' scoliosis was categorized according to the Lenke Classification System for Scoliosis. The level of instrumentations was also evaluated.The median postoperative hemoglobin level was lower in group A than in group B. Postoperatively, group A underwent more blood transfusions than group B. Postoperative hospital stay was also significantly longer in group A than in group B. There was no statistical difference in the infection rate between the two groups.Using drains after AIS surgery increases hospital stay duration, blood transfusion rate and patients' anxiety of drain tube removal. Thus, closed suction drainage may not be suitable after AIS surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Escoliose/cirurgia , Sucção/efeitos adversos , Sucção/métodos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18511, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peri-prosthetic seroma after implant insertion for breast reconstruction is a common but difficult-to-manage complication. This study aimed to compare peri-prosthetic seroma duration and the number of aspirations associated with intravenous cannula with those associated with conventional needle. METHODS: Seventy-one patients who underwent skin- or nipple-sparing mastectomy and implant insertion were treated for peri-prosthetic seroma. When peri-prosthetic seroma was detected, ultrasound-guided aspiration was performed either by using an intravenous cannula (n = 35) or a conventional needle (n = 36); however, the method adopted was randomly selected. We analyzed the participants' clinicopathologic factors after medical record review. RESULTS: There were no significant intergroup differences in mean age (P = .052), mean body mass index (P = .601), total clinical tumor size (P = .107), pathologic tumor size (P = .269), specimen weight (P = .147), implant size (P = .313), or operation time (P = .595). However, the mean total peri-prosthetic seroma volume was significantly higher (105.80 vs 88.58, P = .015) but the number of aspirations was lower (4.48 vs 5.80, P = .043) in the intravenous cannula group than in the conventional needle group. Mean peri-prosthetic seroma volume per aspiration was nonsignificantly higher in the intravenous cannula group (26.92 vs 19.14, P = .291). CONCLUSION: Ultrasound-guided aspiration performed using an intravenous cannula was comparable to the procedure performed using a conventional needle. Furthermore, the former method can be safer and effective alternative to manage peri-prosthetic seroma.


Assuntos
Doenças Mamárias/cirurgia , Implante Mamário/efeitos adversos , Seroma/cirurgia , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/instrumentação , Adulto , Doenças Mamárias/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seroma/etiologia , Sucção/instrumentação , Sucção/métodos
15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 546-551, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047923

RESUMO

Introdução: A abdominoplastia é um procedimento para a melhoria do contorno corporal e a técnica tem sido aprimorada pela associação da dissecção limitada do retalho cutâneo e pontos de adesão no mesmo ato operatório, evitando-se a formação de seroma pós-abdominoplastia, complicação que incomoda tanto o paciente quanto o cirurgião. Portanto, o objetivo é avaliar se o uso de pontos de adesão está associado a menor incidência de seroma após abdominoplastia quando comparado ao uso de drenos. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura com metanálise, envolvendo as seguintes bases de dados: Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL e Scopus. Para analisar os dados foi utilizado o programa Stata 12.0 e a estatística I² proposta por Higgins, com intervalo de confiança de 95% para o risco relativo para seroma, segundo o tipo de intervenção (dreno, ponto de adesão, dreno com ponto de adesão). Sendo registrado no PROSPERO sob o número CRD42019120399. Resultados: Cinco estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram incluídos na metanálise. Ao comparar o uso de dreno de sucção com pontos de adesão, os pontos de adesão mostraram um fator de proteção na prevenção do seroma (RR: 0,13; IC 95%: 0,02-0,66). Conclusão: Os achados sugerem que o uso de pontos de adesão em abdominoplastia em detrimento do uso de drenos pode ser uma técnica eficaz para prevenção da formação de seromas.


Introduction: Abdominoplasty, which aims to improve body contour, has been upgraded by its association with limited dissection of the cutaneous flap and quilting sutures in the same surgery to avoid the formation of postabdominoplasty seroma, a complication that troubles both patient and surgeon. Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether the use of quilting sutures is associated with a lower incidence of seroma after abdominoplasty than the use of drains. Methods: A systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis were performed of the Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL, and Scopus databases. The data analysis was performed using the Stata 12.0 program and the I² statistic proposed by Higgins, with a 95% confidence interval for the relative risk for seroma by intervention type (drain, quilting sutures, drain with quilting sutures). The study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019120399). Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. Quilting sutures showed a protective effect (versus use of drain with quilting sutures) in the prevention of seroma (relative risk, 0.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.02­0.66). Conclusion: These findings suggest that the use of quilting sutures instead of drains in abdominoplasty can effectively prevent seroma formation.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , História do Século XXI , Sucção , Cirurgia Plástica , Drenagem , Metanálise como Assunto , Seroma , Abdome , Abdominoplastia , Sucção/métodos , Sucção/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Drenagem/métodos , Drenagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Seroma/cirurgia , Seroma/terapia , Abdominoplastia/métodos , Abdominoplastia/estatística & dados numéricos , Abdome/cirurgia
16.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(3): 49-54, dic.2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1047804

RESUMO

El objetivo fue determinar la prevalencia de hábitos de succión no nutritiva y su relación con maloclusiones y anomalías dentomaxilares en preescolares de Coronel Oviedo - Paraguay, durante el año 2015. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo de corte transversal con componente analítico, con muestreo probabilístico estratificado bietápico. La población de estudio estuvo constituida por niños del sexo masculino y femenino de la Educación Inicial (maternal, jardín y pre-escolar). Las variables del estudio fueron la succión no nutritiva (succión digital y succión del chupete, edad, sexo, onicofagia y el uso del biberón. Los datos fueron recabados mediante una encuesta dirigida a los padres; acompañada de la inspección bucodental. Fueron incluidos 344 escolares, el 48,84% (168) tenía una edad de 5 años y el 52,91% (182) era del sexo masculino. El 13,08% (45) realizaba succión digital, el 9,59% (33) succión de chupete y el 38,95% (134) otros hábitos. Al diferenciar la presencia de hábitos con las características demográficas se pudo apreciar como la presencia de succión digital estaba relacionada con la mordida abierta (p=0.000), la mordida cruzada (p=0.049), con la orientación de los incisivos (p=0.000), la forma de la arcada (p=0.000), y la oclusión de vista transversal (p=0.046) y sagitalmente (p=0.000). La prevalencia de hábitos de succión no nutritiva en estos escolares fue alta y estaba relacionada con la maloclusión y la aparición de anomalías dentomaxilares, por lo que la educación de padres para la prevención de dichas condiciones es fundamental(AU)


The objective was to determine the prevalence of non-nutritive suction habits and their relationship with malocclusions and dentomaxillary anomalies in preschool children of Coronel Oviedo - Paraguay, during 2015. An observational, descriptive cross-sectional study with analytical component was carried out, with two-stage stratified probabilistic sampling. The study population consisted of boys and girls of the Pre-Primary Education (nursery, kindergarten and pre-school). The variables of the study were the non-nutritive suction (digital suction and suction of the pacifier, age, sex, onychophagia and the use of the feeding bottle). The data were collected through a survey addressed to the parents, accompanied by an oral inspection. Three hundred forty-four schoolchildren were included, 48.84% (168) was 5 years old and 52.91% (182) was male. Of the total, 13.08% (45) performed digital suction, 9.59% (33) pacifier suction and 38.95% (134) other habits. By differentiating the presence of habits with demographic characteristics, it was seen how the presence of digital suction was related to the open bite (p=0.000), the crossbite (p = 0.049), and the orientation of the incisors (p=0.000). ), the shape of the arch (p = 0.000), the cross sectional occlusion (p=0.046) and the sagittal occlusion (p = 0.000). The prevalence of non-nutritive suction habits in these school children was high and related to malocclusion and the appearance of dentomaxillary anomalies, so the education of parents for the prevention of these conditions is fundamental(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Sucção , Má Oclusão , Mamadeiras , Hábitos
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): 412-420, dic. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1051585

RESUMO

La aspiración pulmonar es el pasaje de alimentos, reflujo gastroesofágico y/o saliva a la vía aérea de manera suficiente que ocasione síntomas respiratorios crónicos o recurrentes. Es una ausa importante de neumonía recurrente, enfermedad pulmonar progresiva, bronquiectasias e, incluso, muerte. La aspiración es intermitente y, con frecuencia, ocurre en niños con anomalías médicas subyacentes o síndromes que ocasionan síntomas respiratorios similares a la aspiración pulmonar crónica, por lo que, muchas veces, el diagnóstico de aspiración se demora hasta que haya una lesión pulmonar significativa. Se describen los métodos diagnósticos disponibles y sus limitaciones, y las opciones de tratamiento de la aspiración pulmonar crónica en la población pediátrica.


Pulmonary aspiration is the passage of food, gastroesophageal reflux and/or saliva to the airway in a manner sufficient to cause chronic or recurrent respiratory symptoms. It is an important cause of recurrent pneumonia, progressive lung disease, bronchiectasis and even death.Aspiration is intermittent and often occurs in children with underlying medical conditions or syndromes that cause respiratory symptoms similar to chronic pulmonary aspiration, so diagnosis of aspiration is often delayed until there is a significant lung injury. The available diagnostic methods and their limitations, and treatment options of chronic pulmonary aspiration in the pediatric population are described.


Assuntos
Humanos , Aspiração Respiratória/diagnóstico , Aspiração Respiratória/etiologia , Aspiração Respiratória/fisiopatologia , Aspiração Respiratória/terapia , Pediatria , Sucção , Transtornos de Deglutição , Endoscopia por Cápsula
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e17898, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725637

RESUMO

This study demonstrated a training program of the suction-assisted laryngoscopy assisted decontamination (S.A.L.A.D.) technique for emergency medical technician paramedic (EMT-P). The effectiveness of the training program on the improvements of skills and confidence in managing soiled airway was evaluated.In this pilot before-after study, 41 EMT-P participated in a training program which consisted of 1 training course and 3 evaluation scenarios. The training course included lectures, demonstration, and practice and focused on how to perform endotracheal intubation in soiled airway with the S.A.L.A.D technique. The first scenario was performed on standard airway mannequin head with clean airway (control scenario). The second scenario (pre-training scenario) and the third scenario (post-training scenario) were performed in airway with simulated massive vomiting. The post-training scenario was applied immediately after the training course. All trainees were requested to perform endotracheal intubation for 3 times in each scenario. The "pass" of a scenario was defined as more than twice successful intubation in a scenario. The intubation time, count of successful intubation, pass rate, and the confidence in endotracheal intubation were evaluated.The intubation time in the post-training scenario was significantly shorter than that in the pre-training scenario (P = .031). The pass rate of the control, pre-training, and post-training scenario was 100%, 82.9%, and 92.7%, respectively. The proportion of trainees reporting confident or very confident in endotracheal intubation in soiled airway increased from 22.0% to 97.6% after the training program. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the adjusted hazard ratio of successful intubation for post-training versus pre-training scenario was 2.13 (95% confidence interval of 1.57-2.91).The S.A.L.A.D. technique training could efficiently help EMT-P performing endotracheal intubation during massive vomiting simulation.


Assuntos
Auxiliares de Emergência/educação , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Laringoscopia/educação , Sucção/educação , Vômito/terapia , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Estudos Controlados Antes e Depois , Descontaminação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Capacitação em Serviço , Laringoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Manequins , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Sucção/métodos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e18010, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725672

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Enterocutaneous fistula is considered one of the most serious complications in general surgery and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Although various treatments are reported to have varying success, high-output enterocutaneous fistulas (output over 500 ml/day) continue to be associated with high mortality, and few papers on this topic exist in the literature. The aim of this study is to describe an effective multidisciplinary treatment method for postoperative high-output enterocutaneous fistula and discuss the clinical development of the therapeutic strategy. PATIENT CONCERNS: Three patients suffered high-output enterocutaneous fistulas, in which case 1 presented with duodenal fistula, case 2 with ileal fistula, and case 3 with small bowel fistula. DIAGNOSIS: All 3 cases were diagnosed with high-output enterocutaneous fistulas by drainage of intestinal contents. INTERVENTIONS: With the exception of routine treatment including fluid resuscitation, correction of the electrolyte balance, control of infection, and optimal nutrition, all the cases accepted continuous irrigation and suction with triple-cavity drainage tubes in combination with sequential somatostatin-somatotropin administration were given. With regard to establishing effective drainage, the triple-cavity tube placement was performed by insertion through the initial drainage channel in case 1, percutaneous puncture with dilation by graduated dilators in case 2, and tract reconstruction in case 3. The technical details of the approach are described and clinical characteristics including fistula location, defect size, output volume, approach of triple-cavity tube placement, length of fistula tract, somatostatin and somatotropin administration time, and fistula healing time were recorded and compared. In addition, other various techniques reported in the literature are reviewed and discussed. OUTCOMES: All the patients were cured by the multidisciplinary treatments and were followed up without fistula recurrence and other relevant complications at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after the treatments. CONCLUSION: The strategy involving continuous irrigation and suction with a triple-cavity drainage tube in combination with sequential somatostatin-somatotropin administration may be a safe and effective alternative treatment for postoperative high-output enterocutaneous fistula and a more practical method that is easy to execute to manage this problem. Long-term studies, involving more patients, are still necessary to confirm this suggestion.


Assuntos
Drenagem/métodos , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/uso terapêutico , Fístula Intestinal/terapia , Somatostatina/uso terapêutico , Sucção/métodos , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(12): 1181-1186, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769249

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine correlations among rating scales and findings suggestive of tracheal aspiration and pharyngeal residue between fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) and videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) in dysphagia patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied patients referred to our hospital for dysphagia assessment. Three raters judged the residue severity and laryngeal penetration or tracheal aspiration of FEES and VFSS. The raters applied the Penetration-Aspiration Scale (PAS) for tracheal aspiration and pixel-based circumscribed area ratio and Yale Pharyngeal Residue Severity for post-swallow residue in VFSS and FEES, respectively. Anatomy-physiologic findings during FEES associated with tracheal aspiration were also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 178 participants were enrolled in our study. In correlation analysis, PAS (r=0.74), vallecula retention (r=0.76), and pyriform sinus retention (r=0.78) showed strong positive correlations between FEES and VFSS. Intra-rater agreement between VFSS and FEES was good for PAS (κ=0.65) and vallecula (κ=0.65) and pyriform sinus retention (κ=0.69). Among 72 patients who showed subglottic shelf residue, a suspected finding of aspiration, in FEES, 68 had concomitant tracheal aspiration during VFSS. Both vocal fold hypomobility and glottic gap during phonation were significantly associated with findings suggestive of tracheal aspiration during FEES (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Quantitative and reliable aspiration and post swallow residue rating scales showed strong positive correlations and good agreement between VFSS and FEES.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Fluoroscopia , Fibras Ópticas , Faringe/diagnóstico por imagem , Faringe/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sucção , Traqueia/patologia , Prega Vocal/patologia
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