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1.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 176, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Migraine is a primary headache disorder and is the most common disabling primary headache disorder that occurs in children and adolescents. A recent study showed that paranasal air suction can provide relief to migraine headache. However, in order to get the maximum benefit out of it, an easy to use effective air sucker should be available. Aiming to fulfil the above requirement, a randomized, double blind control clinical trial was conducted to investigate the efficacy of a recently developed low-pressure portable air sucker. METHODS: Eighty-six Sri Lankan school children of age 16-19 years with migraine were enrolled for the study. They were randomly allocated into two groups, and one group was subjected to six intermittent ten-second paranasal air suctions using the portable air sucker for 120 s. The other group was subjected to placebo air suction (no paranasal air suction). The effect of suction using portable air sucker was the primary objective but side of headache, type of headache, and gender were also studied as source variables. The primary response studied was severity of headache. In addition, left and right supraorbital tenderness, photophobia, phonophobia, numbness over the face and scalp, nausea and generalized tiredness/weakness of the body were studied. The measurements on all those variables were made before and after suction, and the statistical analysis was performed based on before and after differences. As a follow-up, patients were monitored for 24-h period. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction in the severity of headache pain (OR = 25.98, P < 0.0001), which was the primary outcome variable, and other migraine symptoms studied, tenderness (left) (OR = 289.69, P < 0.0001), tenderness (right) (OR > 267.17, P < 0.0001), photophobia (OR = 2115.6, P < 0.0001), phonophobia (OR > 12.62, P < 0.0001) nausea (OR > 515.59, P < 0.0001) and weakness (OR = 549.06, P < 0.0001) except for numbness (OR = 0.747, P = 0.67) in the treatment group compared to the control group 2 min after the suction. These symptoms did not recur within 24-h period and there were no significant side effects recorded during the 24-h observation period. CONCLUSION: This pilot study showed that low-pressure portable air sucker is effective in paranasal air suction, and suction for 120 s using the sucker can provide an immediate relief which can last for more than 24-h period without any side effects. TRAIL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Government Identification Number - 1548/2016. Ethical Clearance Granted Institute - Medical Research Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka (No 38/2016). Sri Lanka Clinical Trial Registration No: SLCTR/2017/018 . Date of registration = 29/ 06/2017. Approval Granting Organization to use the device in the clinical trial- National Medicines Regulatory Authority Sri Lanka (16 Jan 2018), The device won award at Geneva international inventers exhibition in 2016 and President award in 2018 in Sri Lanka. It is a patented device in Sri Lanka and patent number was SLKP/1/18295. All methods were carried out in accordance with CONSORT 2010 guidelines.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Seios Paranasais , Sucção/instrumentação , Sucção/métodos , Adolescente , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Sri Lanka , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Neurol India ; 68(5): 1170-1171, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109869

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has posed immense challenges for healthcare workers, among them are procedures related to suctioning of bodily fluids during surgery or intensive care. These procedures are potentially aerosol-generating and can lead to disease transmission. We have modified the usual suction apparatus in a simple and easy to do manner so that all suctioned material first passes through the 0.1% sodium hypochlorite solution, which is virucidal and decontaminates the suctioned material. This innovation may help in addressing the safety concerns of all healthcare providers working in operation rooms and intensive care units.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Sucção/instrumentação , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Sucção/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios
7.
Arch. bronconeumol. (Ed. impr.) ; 56(10): 637-642, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-201516

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La efectividad de la punción aspiración en el tratamiento inicial del neumotórax espontáneo primario ha sido ampliamente estudiada. El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar la aspiración digital frente a la manual en un ensayo clínico aleatorizado. MÉTODOS: Se ha diseñado un ensayo clínico aleatorizado paralelo con ratio 1:1 y evaluación ciega. El ensayo clínico se adapta al estándar del grupo CONSORT. El resultado primario se define como éxito inmediato e ingreso hospitalario, y los secundarios, como recidiva, reingreso, necesidad de cirugía y días de ingreso. Se realiza encuesta de satisfacción entre los profesionales que realizan los dos tipos de punción. RESULTADOS: Sesenta y siete pacientes han sido incluidos en el estudio (n = 36 grupo control, n = 31 grupo intervención) con un seguimiento del 100%. Ambos grupos presentan un éxito inmediato del 58%, evitándose el ingreso hospitalario. No se observan diferencias en cuanto a recidiva, reingreso, necesidad de cirugía o días de ingreso. El 80% del personal que realiza la técnica de punción prefiere la aspiración digital, siendo el 100% entre el personal que realiza más de 5 punciones al año. CONCLUSIONES: Tanto la punción aspiración manual como la digital ofrecen buenos resultados inmediatos que evitan ingresos hospitalarios; la aspiración digital es el método preferido por quienes realizan dicha técnica


INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of needle aspiration in the initial treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax has been widely studied. The objective of this research was to compare digital with manual aspiration in a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: We designed a blinded parallel-group randomized clinical trial with a 1:1 allocation ratio. The clinical trial is reported in line with the guidelines of the CONSORT group. The primary outcome variables were immediate success and hospital admission, while the secondary outcome measures were relapse, re-admission and need for surgery, and length of hospital stay. A satisfaction survey was also carried out among clinicians who perform these 2 types of aspiration. RESULTS: A total of 67 patients were included in the study (n = 36, control group; n = 31, experimental group) with no losses to follow-up. In both groups, 58% of procedures were immediately successful, avoiding hospital admission. No differences were found in rates of relapse, re-admission, need for surgery, or length of hospital stay. Overall, 80% of clinicians who performed aspiration preferred the digital system, and this preference rose to 100% among clinicians who performed more than 5 procedures a year. CONCLUSIONS: Both manual and digital aspiration provide good immediate results avoiding hospital admission, while digital drainage is preferred by clinicians responsible for first-line treatment of pneumothorax


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Pneumotórax/terapia , Sucção/métodos , Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Tubos Torácicos , Resultado do Tratamento , Biópsia por Agulha/estatística & dados numéricos , Sucção/instrumentação , Drenagem/métodos
8.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD013057, 2020 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), sometimes referred to as chronic otitis media (COM), is a chronic inflammation and often polymicrobial infection (involving more than one micro-organism) of the middle ear and mastoid cavity, characterised by ear discharge (otorrhoea) through a perforated tympanic membrane. The predominant symptoms of CSOM are ear discharge and hearing loss. Aural toileting is a term describing a number of processes for manually cleaning the ear. Techniques used may include dry mopping (with cotton wool or tissue paper), suction clearance (typically under a microscope) or irrigation (using manual or automated syringing). Dry mopping may be effective in removing mucopurulent discharge. Compared to irrigation or microsuction it is less effective in removing epithelial debris or thick pus. Aural toileting can be used alone or in addition to other treatments for CSOM, such as antibiotics or topical antiseptics. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of aural toilet procedures for people with CSOM. SEARCH METHODS: The Cochrane ENT Information Specialist searched the Cochrane ENT Register; Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL via the Cochrane Register of Studies); Ovid MEDLINE; Ovid Embase; CINAHL; Web of Science; ClinicalTrials.gov; ICTRP and additional sources for published and unpublished trials. The date of the search was 16 March 2020. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with at least a one-week follow-up involving people (adults and children) who had chronic ear discharge of unknown cause or CSOM, where the ear discharge had continued for more than two weeks. We included any aural toileting method as the intervention, at any frequency and for any duration. The comparisons were aural toileting compared with a) placebo or no intervention, and b) any other aural toileting method. We analysed trials in which background treatments were used in both arms (e.g. topical antiseptics or topical antibiotics) separately. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used the standard Cochrane methodological procedures. We used GRADE to assess the certainty of the evidence for each outcome. Our primary outcomes were: resolution of ear discharge or 'dry ear' (whether otoscopically confirmed or not), measured at between one week and up to two weeks, two weeks to up to four weeks, and after four weeks; health-related quality of life using a validated instrument; and ear pain (otalgia) or discomfort or local irritation. Secondary outcomes were hearing, serious complications, and the adverse events of ear bleeding and dizziness/vertigo/balance problems. MAIN RESULTS: We included three studies with a total of 431 participants (465 ears), reporting on two comparisons. Two studies included only children with CSOM in the community (351 participants) and the other study (80 participants) included children and adults with chronic ear discharge for at least six weeks. None of the included studies reported the outcomes of health-related quality of life, ear pain or the adverse event of ear bleeding. Daily aural toileting (dry mopping) versus no treatment Two studies (351 children; 370 ears) compared daily dry mopping with no treatment. Neither study presented results for resolution of ear discharge at between one and up to two weeks or between two to four weeks. For resolution of ear discharge after four weeks, one study reported the results per person. We are very uncertain whether there is a difference at 16 weeks (risk ratio (RR) 1.01, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.60 to 1.72; 1 study; 217 participants) because the certainty of the evidence is very low. No results were reported for the adverse events of dizziness, vertigo or balance problems. Only one study reported serious complications, but it was not clear which group these patients were from, or whether the complications occurred pre- or post-treatment. One study reported hearing, but the results were presented by treatment outcome rather than by treatment group so it is not possible to determine whether there is a difference between the two groups. Daily aural toileting versus single aural toileting on top of topical ciprofloxacin One study (80 participants; 95 ears) compared daily aural toileting (suction) with administration of topical antibiotic (ciprofloxacin) ear drops in a clinic, to a single aural toileting (suction) episode followed by daily self-administered topical antibiotic drops, in participants of all ages. We are unsure whether there is a difference in resolution of ear discharge at between one and up to two weeks (RR 1.09, 95% CI 0.91 to 1.30; 1 study; 80 participants) because the certainty of the evidence is very low. There were no results reported for resolution of ear discharge at between two to four weeks. The results for resolution of ear discharge after four weeks were presented by ear, not person, and could not be adjusted to by person. One patient in the group with single aural toileting and self administration of topical antibiotic ear drops reported the adverse event of dizziness, which the authors attributed to the use of cold topical ciprofloxacin. It is very uncertain whether there is a difference between the groups (RR 0.33, 95% CI 0.01 to 7.95; 1 study; 80 participants, very low-certainty). No results were reported for the other adverse events of vertigo or balance problems, or for serious complications. The authors only reported qualitatively that there was no difference between the two groups in hearing results (very low-certainty). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We are very uncertain whether or not treatment with aural toileting is effective in resolving ear discharge in people with CSOM, due to a lack of data and the poor quality of the available evidence. We also remain uncertain about other outcomes, including adverse events, as these were not well reported. Similarly, we are very uncertain whether daily suction clearance, followed by antibiotic ear drops administered at a clinic, is better than a single episode of suction clearance followed by self-administration of topical antibiotic ear drops.


Assuntos
Higiene , Otite Média Supurativa/terapia , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Viés , Criança , Doença Crônica , Ciprofloxacina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sucção/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
9.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 30(5): e28-e29, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487856

RESUMO

The wide and fast spread of COVID-19 around the world has led to a dramatic increase in the need for protection products both for carers and for populations. Surgical team protection includes a systematic screening of patients, wearing protection devices by all the operating staff, and adequate management of aerosols. The risk of aerosol dispersal is particularly high during laparoscopic and robotic surgeries due to the interaction between circulating CO2 and surgical smoke that may contain small viral particles. To decrease the risk of virus transmission, many recommendations have been implemented including the use of integrated insufflation devices comprising smoke evacuation and filtration mode. Such devices are lacking in many centers around the world and to overcome this urgent unmet need, we designed a cost-effective filtrating suction as a more readily available alternative.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Fumaça , Aerossóis , Análise Custo-Benefício , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Hidroxietilrutosídeo , Laparoscopia/economia , Pandemias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/economia , Sucção/economia , Sucção/métodos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(15): e19656, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282716

RESUMO

To determine the influence of puncture site on aspiration in dealing with pneumothorax following CT-guided lung biopsy.Two hundred thirty-six pneumothorax patients after CT guided lung biopsies were retrospective analyzed from January 2013 to December 2018. Patients with minor asymptomatic pneumothorax were treated conservatively with monitoring of vital signs and follow-up CT to confirm stability. Ninety of the 236 pneumothorax patients, who underwent manual aspiration, were included in this analysis. In first manual aspiration, the needle from the lesion was retracted back into the pleural space after biopsy, and then aspiration treatment was performed. If the treatment is of unsatisfied result, a second attempt aspiration treatment, which puncture site away from initial biopsy one, was conducted. The efficacy of simple manual aspiration and the new method, changing puncture site for re-aspiration was observed.Immediate success was obtained in 62 out of the 90 patients in the first attempt. The effective rate and failure rate were 68.9% (62/90) and 31.1% (28/90), respectively. Twenty-eight patients in whom first attempt simple aspiration were unsuccessful underwent a second attempt aspiration, which puncture site away from initial biopsy one, was successful in 13 patients with 15 patients undergoing chest tube placement. The effective rate and failure rate were 46.4% (13/28) and 53.6% (15/28), respectively. Applying the modified procedure, total effective rate of aspiration elevated significantly from 68.9% (62/90) to 83.3% (75/90) (P < .05). No serious side effects were detected in the period of aspiration procedure.Manual aspiration with puncture site away from initial biopsy one is worth trying to deal with post-biopsy pneumothorax. This modified procedure improved the efficiency of treatment significantly, and reduced the rate of pneumothorax requiring chest tube placement.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/patologia , Pneumotórax/etiologia , Punções/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Tubos Torácicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/instrumentação , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cavidade Pleural/patologia , Pneumotórax/terapia , Punções/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sucção/efeitos adversos , Sucção/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Falha de Tratamento
14.
Neurocirugía (Soc. Luso-Esp. Neurocir.) ; 31(2): 64-75, mar.-abr. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-190374

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Evaluar la efectividad y seguridad del polvo de vancomicina tópico como profilaxis de infección de herida quirúrgica (IHQ) en cirugía de columna electiva por abordaje posterior. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio unicéntrico cuasiexperimental de comparación pre- y postintervención. El grupo postintervención recibió profilaxis antibiótica estándar preoperatoria junto a 1g de polvo de vancomicina en el lecho quirúrgico antes del cierre de la herida. El grupo preintervención solo recibió la profilaxis intravenosa. RESULTADOS: Participaron 150 pacientes en cada grupo. Ocurrieron 12 infecciones (7 superficiales, 5 profundas) en el grupo postintervención y 16 infecciones (7 superficiales, 9 profundas) en el grupo preintervención. El riesgo de IHQ profunda se redujo del 6% al 3,3% (OR 0,54; IC 95% 0,17-1,65; p = 0,411) con el tratamiento. El porcentaje de IHQ profunda por gramnegativos-positivos fue del 80-20% en el grupo tratado con vancomicina y del 33-67% en los no tratados (p = 0,265). No se produjeron efectos adversos locales ni sistémicos por el tratamiento. CONCLUSIÓN: La profilaxis con polvo de vancomicina en cirugía electiva de columna por abordaje posterior no redujo de forma significativa la incidencia de IHQ superficial o profunda. Se constató una tendencia al aumento de IHQ profunda por microorganismos gramnegativos en los tratados con vancomicina


OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of vancomycin powder as surgical site infection (SSI) prophylaxis in posterior bilateral elective spinal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-center quasi-experimental pre and postintervention comparative cohort study. The post-intervention group received standard intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis plus 1g of vancomycin powder into the surgical field before wound closure, and the pre-intervention group only the intravenous prophylaxis. RESULTS: 150 patients were included in each group. Twelve SSI (7 superficial and 5 deep) occurred in the post-intervention group and 16 SSI (7 superficial and 9 deep) in the pre-intervention group. The risk of deep SSI decreased from 6.0% to 3.3% (OR 0,54, 95%CI 0.17-1.65, p = 0.411) with vancomycin powder. The percentage of deep SSI due to gram negative-positive germs were 80%-20% and 33%-67% for the post- and pre-intervention groups, respectively (p = 0.265). No local or systemic adverse effects occurred attributable to vancomycin powder. CONCLUSIÓN: In posterior elective spinal surgery, prophylaxis with vancomycin powder did not result in a significantly reduced incidence of superficial and deep SSI. There was a trend towards a higher incidence of deep SSI caused by gram negative microorganisms among those treated with vancomycin


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Vancomicina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Tópica , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sucção/métodos , Laminectomia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Vancomicina/efeitos adversos
15.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(4): 734e-743e, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term aesthetic reduction of the legs in Asians is gaining increasing popularity among cosmetic patients. Current treatment options include botulinum toxin injection, radiofrequency, neurectomy, and total, subtotal, or partial muscle resection of the gastrocnemius. Partial resection using Kelly forceps was introduced in 2000. This article presents the use of a suction-assisted cartilage shaver to perform partial resection, describing the procedures and shaver modifications and evaluating its use. METHODS: A retrospective review of 71 cases with a minimum 6-month follow-up (average, 36.5 months; range, 6 to 160 months) was performed. Twenty partial calf reductions were performed with a short shaver, 27 with a long shaver, and 24 with an endoscope-guided long shaver. RESULTS: Mean reduction of calf circumference was 2 cm (range, -1 to 6 cm); the mean preoperative and postoperative calf circumferences were 35.8 cm and 33.8 cm, respectively. Mean tissue reduction per calf was 110 g (range, 25 to 300 g).Two patients developed larger calves after surgery, one because of weight gain and the other because of weight training. Complications included surface irregularity (n = 4, 5.6 percent), numbness over the lateral ankle or lateral foot (n = 9, 12.7 percent), hematoma clot requiring surgical evacuation (n = 11, 15.5 percent), prolonged seroma (n = 2, 2.8 percent), and left ankle plantar-flexion contracture due to tight, sustained postsurgery bandaging (n = 1, 1.5 percent). Scar-related complications were hyperpigmentation (n = 6, 8.5 percent), depressed scars (n = 5, 7 percent), and hypertrophic scars (n = 2, 2.8 percent). CONCLUSIONS: Short, long, and endoscope-guided long suction-assisted cartilage shavers for partial resection of calf muscles can be used effectively to reduce the calf. Several mostly treatable complications were noted. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.


Assuntos
Contorno Corporal/instrumentação , Endoscopia/instrumentação , Músculo Esquelético/cirurgia , Miotomia/instrumentação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Contorno Corporal/efeitos adversos , Contorno Corporal/métodos , Cicatriz/epidemiologia , Cicatriz/etiologia , Cicatriz/terapia , Contratura/epidemiologia , Contratura/etiologia , Contratura/terapia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Endoscopia/métodos , Estética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hematoma/epidemiologia , Hematoma/etiologia , Hematoma/terapia , Humanos , Hiperpigmentação/epidemiologia , Hiperpigmentação/etiologia , Hiperpigmentação/terapia , Perna (Membro) , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miotomia/efeitos adversos , Miotomia/métodos , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seroma/epidemiologia , Seroma/etiologia , Seroma/terapia , Sucção/efeitos adversos , Sucção/instrumentação , Sucção/métodos , Adulto Jovem
16.
BJOG ; 127(10): 1280-1283, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043686

RESUMO

Uterine balloon tamponade (UBT) is widely used to treat postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). Randomised trials of UBT are scarce: those of improvised condom UBT in low-resource settings found more harm than good. Uterine suction tamponade (UST) is more aligned with the physiological mechanism of uterine haemostasis (contraction), but purpose-designed devices may be unaffordable or unavailable when needed. We describe a technique of UST using an inexpensive Levin suction catheter. Use of the described technique as a last resort in three cases of life-threatening PPH resulted in prompt cessation of bleeding. We emphasise the need for randomised trials to confirm effectiveness.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Pós-Parto/cirurgia , Tamponamento com Balão Uterino/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Sucção/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(2): 89-93, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are several ways to remove silicone oil (SO) from the vitreous cavity. OBJECTIVES: To describe a simple, safe and inexpensive method of 2-port SO removal. METHODS: Medical charts of 33 patients who underwent SO removal combined with cataract extraction were retrospectively reviewed, from a cohort of 119 patients who had silicone oil removal. The primary outcome was the rate of re-detachment, secondary outcomes included visual acuity (VA) and intraoperative and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Mean follow-up time was 27.6 months (0.25-147 ± 33.1), and mean tamponade duration prior to SO removal was 16.77 months (4-51.5 ± 14.6). The re-detachment rate was 3% (one patient). Postoperatively, seven patients (20%) had epiretinal membrane (ERM), eight patients had posterior capsule opacification (24%), and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) was diagnosed in two patients (6%). Compared to the mean VA (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [LogMAR]) at the preoperative examination, the mean VA (LogMAR) improved significantly at the last visit when including all ranges of VA (n=32, LogMAR 1.52 vs. 1.05 P = 0.0002 [Student's t-test] and P = 0.001 [Wilcoxon test]). CONCLUSIONS: The technique described is fast and simple, keeping the posterior capsule intact in pseudophakic patients, which is advantageous in the event of future re-detachment necessitating SO reinjection. Rates of re-detachment and postoperative ERM and PVR were low. Furthermore, our method does not require the use of a surgical microscope with posterior segment viewing systems, or opening a full disposable vitrectomy set, thus drastically reducing the procedure's cost.


Assuntos
Tamponamento Interno/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Descolamento Retiniano , Óleos de Silicone/uso terapêutico , Sucção , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Recidiva , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Descolamento Retiniano/diagnóstico , Descolamento Retiniano/fisiopatologia , Descolamento Retiniano/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sucção/efeitos adversos , Sucção/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual , Cirurgia Vitreorretiniana/métodos
20.
Chest ; 157(3): 702-711, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thoracentesis can be accomplished by active aspiration or drainage with gravity. This trial investigated whether gravity drainage could protect against negative pressure-related complications such as chest discomfort, re-expansion pulmonary edema, or pneumothorax compared with active aspiration. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial allocated patients with large free-flowing effusions estimated ≥ 500 mL 1:1 to undergo active aspiration or gravity drainage. Patients rated chest discomfort on 100-mm visual analog scales prior to, during, and following drainage. Thoracentesis was halted at complete evacuation or for persistent chest discomfort, intractable cough, or other complication. The primary outcome was overall procedural chest discomfort scored 5 min following the procedure. Secondary outcomes included measures of discomfort and breathlessness through 48 h postprocedure. RESULTS: A total of 142 patients were randomized to undergo treatment, with 140 in the final analysis. Groups did not differ for the primary outcome (mean visual analog scale score difference, 5.3 mm; 95% CI, -2.4 to 13.0; P = .17). Secondary outcomes of discomfort and dyspnea did not differ between groups. Comparable volumes were drained in both groups, but the procedure duration was significantly longer in the gravity arm (mean difference, 7.4 min; 95% CI, 10.2 to 4.6; P < .001). There were no serious complications. CONCLUSIONS: Thoracentesis via active aspiration and gravity drainage are both safe and result in comparable levels of procedural comfort and dyspnea improvement. Active aspiration requires less total procedural time. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT03591952; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.


Assuntos
Dor no Peito/epidemiologia , Drenagem/métodos , Dispneia/epidemiologia , Derrame Pleural/cirurgia , Pneumotórax/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Sucção/métodos , Toracentese/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Gravitação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Dor Processual/epidemiologia , Edema Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Método Simples-Cego
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