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1.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(9): 1236-1330, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To construct a scale for testing hypnotic suggestibility for Turkish-speaking adults that may be quick and convenient, and to test its reliability and validity. METHODS: The study was conducted at the hypnotherapy outpatient clinics of Atatürk University Acupuncture and Complementary Medicine Application and Research Centre. Erzurum, Turkey, from June to August 2017, and comprised aged 18-60 years. As the first step in the preparation of the scale, a panel of 15 experts was founded. The draft was pilot-tested. Incomprehensible suggestion templates in the pilot study were abolished, and the templates were reduced to four which were put to test as the Tastan Suggestibility Scale. Stanford Hypnotic Clinic Scale was also used on the same subjects, and the results were analysed using SPSS. . RESULTS: Of the 61 subjects, 38(62.3%) were females and 23(37.7%) were males. The overall mean age was 34.21±9.9 years. Cronbach alpha internal reliability coefficient of the scale was calculated to be 0.53. Correlation between the Tastan Suggestibility Scale and Stanford Hypnotic Clinic Scale total scores was high (p<0.001). Mean duration of the application of the scale was 5.0±1.2 minutes. CONCLUSIONS: Tastan Suggestibility Scale was found to be a new, reliable, and rapidly applicable scale.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Sugestão , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
2.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220112, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390349

RESUMO

Short stress management interventions such as relaxation therapy have demonstrated preliminary effectiveness in reducing stress-related problems. A promising tool to strengthen the effectiveness of relaxation-based interventions is the use of verbal suggestions, as previous research provided evidence that verbal suggestions can induce positive outcome expectancies, facilitate adaptive responses to stress and improve health outcomes. The present experimental proof-of-concept study aimed to investigate the effects of a brief relaxation intervention and specifically the role of verbal suggestions on stress-related outcomes assessed by self-report questionnaires and psychophysiological data. 120 participants (mean age = 22.1 years) were randomized to one of four intervention conditions: a brief relaxation intervention plus verbal suggestions condition, a brief relaxation intervention only condition, a verbal suggestions only condition, and a control condition. Afterwards, participants were subjected to a psychosocial stress challenge to assess reactivity to a stressful event. Immediately after both relaxation interventions (with and without verbal suggestions), lower self-reported state anxiety was found compared to the control condition, but no differences were observed in response to the stressor. The verbal suggestions only condition did not impact state anxiety. No significant effects were found for verbal suggestion interventions on cortisol, alpha amylase, heart rate and skin conductance. This is the first study investigating the role of verbal suggestions in the effectiveness of a brief relaxation intervention. Although this experimental proof-of-concept study provides support for the effectiveness of a brief relaxation intervention in lowering state anxiety directly after the intervention, the effects did not impact the response to a subsequent stressor and we did not observe any evidence for the add-on effectiveness of verbal suggestions. The effectiveness of brief relaxation interventions on stress responses should be investigated further in future research by incorporating interventions that are tailored to the specific stress challenge and various types of verbal suggestions.


Assuntos
Terapia de Relaxamento/métodos , Sugestão , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/metabolismo , Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Feminino , Resposta Galvânica da Pele , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Hidrocortisona/metabolismo , Masculino , Saliva/metabolismo , Autorrelato , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo
3.
Anesth Analg ; 129(2): e62, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313672
5.
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform ; 45(9): 1206-1217, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31219285

RESUMO

We investigated differences in intentional binding in high and low hypnotizable groups to explore two questions relating to (a) trait differences in the availability of motor intentions to metacognitive processes and (b) a proposed cue combination model of binding. An experience of involuntariness is central to hypnotic responding and may arise from strategically being unaware of one's intentions. Trait differences in the ability to respond to hypnotic suggestion may reflect differing levels of access to motor intentions. Intentional binding refers to the subjective compression of the time between an action and its outcome, indicated by a forward shift in the judged time of an action toward its outcome (action binding) and the backward shift of an outcome toward a causal action (outcome binding). Intentional binding is sensitive to intentional action without requiring explicit reflection upon agency. One way of explaining the sensitivity of intentional binding is to see it as a simple case of multisensory cue combination in which awareness of intentions increases knowledge of the timing of actions. Here we present results consistent with such a mechanism. In a contingent presentation of action and outcome events, low hypnotizable had more precise timing judgments of actions and also showed weaker action binding than highs. These results support the theory that trait hypnotizability is related to access to information related to motor intentions, and that intentional binding reflects the Bayesian combination of cross-modal cues. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Conscientização/fisiologia , Sinais (Psicologia) , Individualidade , Intenção , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Sugestão , Percepção do Tempo/fisiologia , Adulto , Teorema de Bayes , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 67(3): 297-312, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31251707

RESUMO

Dysphagia, the perceived impediment to swallowing food, is a common postsurgical symptom that can have debilitating consequences. This study presents the successful treatment of severe esophageal dysphagia with a problem-focused and patient-centered approach to hypnosis, informed by long-term empirical follow-up. The authors describe a case history involving significant and persistent difficulty swallowing for which no medical or surgical treatment could be found. Over the course of 10 sessions, the patient was assessed, treated with imaginal exposure, and instructed in self-hypnosis. Outcomes were measured at treatment conclusion, and 6-, 9-, and 18-month follow-ups. Following hypnosis, the patient exhibited significant and reliable change (RC) in visceral hypersensitivity (RC = -3.16, p = .002), emotional distress (RC = -2.21, p= .03), subjective well-being (RC = 4.14, p< .0001), and posttraumatic symptoms (RC = -3.33, p= .001). Gains were maintained at 18-month follow-up.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição/terapia , Hipnose , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/psicologia , Discotomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipnose/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/psicologia , Sugestão
7.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 67(3): 364-381, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31251711

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the effects of neutral hypnosis and hypnotic temperature suggestions in thermal and pain thresholds compared to resting state. Sixteen healthy medium or high hypnotizable volunteers were enrolled. Hypnotizability was assessed with the Hypnotic Induction Profile (HIP); QST was checked in resting state, in neutral hypnosis, after suggestions of heat and cold, and after deinduction. A significant increase in heat threshold was recorded during hypnosis with both cold and heat suggestions compared to neutral hypnosis. HIP induction score showed a linear correlation with changes of temperature thresholds after heat and cold suggestions. Thermal suggestions may result in a significant increase of heat perception thresholds with respect to neutral hypnosis. HIP score is related to thermal threshold changes. QST is a valuable and manageable tool to measure temperature threshold change during hypnosis.


Assuntos
Hipnose , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Pele , Sugestão , Sensação Térmica , Vigília/fisiologia , Adulto , Temperatura Baixa , Feminino , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Hipnose Anestésica , Masculino , Limiar da Dor , Sensação Térmica/fisiologia
8.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 67(2): 192-216, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30939087

RESUMO

The neural mechanisms associated with hypnosis were investigated in a group of 9 high hypnotizable subjects by measuring the mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the auditory event-related potential (ERP). ERPs were recorded using a passive oddball paradigm to sinusoidal standard and deviant tone stimuli of 500 and 520 Hz, respectively, in four conditions: prehypnosis, neutral hypnosis, hypnotic suggestion for altering the tone perception, and posthypnotic conditions. Earlier studies have indicated that hypnosis and hypnotic suggestions might have an effect on MMN, but the results of our study contradict these results: No statistically significant differences were found between the conditions in the MMN amplitudes.


Assuntos
Potenciais Evocados Auditivos , Hipnose , Sugestão , Estimulação Acústica/psicologia , Adulto , Percepção Auditiva , Eletroencefalografia , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estimulação Luminosa , Percepção Visual , Adulto Jovem
9.
Cogn Neuropsychiatry ; 24(3): 191-207, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987544

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hypnotic suggestibility is elevated in the dissociative disorders but the relationship between dissociative tendencies and suggestibility in the general population seems to be constrained by additional factors. The diathesis-stress (DS) model stipulates that suggestibility interacts with trauma exposure to augment the propensity for dissociative states whereas the dual pathway to suggestibility (DPS) model proposes two developmental routes involving either dissociation preceded by trauma, or a healthy cognitive profile characterised by superior imagination. METHODS: This study sought to discriminate between these partially competing accounts and further considered the moderating role of anxious attachment. 209 participants completed psychometric measures of dissociative tendencies, trauma, and attachment, and a behavioural measure of suggestibility. RESULTS: In support of the DS model, trauma moderated the relationship between suggestibility and dissociation and, as predicted by the DPS model, dissociation moderated the relationship between trauma and suggestibility. Anxious attachment additionally moderated both effects. Model comparisons indicated that the DS model consistently provided a superior fit to the data. Further analyses showed that secure attachment independently predicted suggestibility, thereby supporting the non-dissociative pathway in the DPS model. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that high suggestibility confers vulnerability to dissociative states in individuals exposed to trauma and displaying an anxious attachment style.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos Dissociativos/psicologia , Trauma Psicológico/psicologia , Sugestão , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtornos Dissociativos/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Imaginação/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trauma Psicológico/diagnóstico , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Exp Psychol Gen ; 148(9): 1575-1594, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30730196

RESUMO

In the Stroop task color words are shown in various print colors. When print colors are named or classified with button presses, interference occurs if word meaning is color-incongruent and facilitation if it is congruent. Although the Stroop effects in vocal and manual task versions are similar, it is unclear whether the underlying mechanisms are equivalent. We addressed this question by (a) recording event-related brain potentials (ERPs), (b) manipulating the lexicality of neutral stimuli, and (c) giving posthypnotic suggestions (PHS) that written words would lose their meaning. The Stroop effect in the vocal version was twice its manual counterpart. PHS strongly reduced both effects by a similar amount, supporting a common semantic locus during reading. Task- and hypnosis-invariant lexicality effects for neutral words ruled out presemantic reading loci. Articulation-artifact corrected ERPs showed task-invariant Stroop effects in N400 amplitudes, supporting similar semantic loci. However, in the vocal task response-locked ERPs indicated a task-specific Stroop effect over left-inferior frontal and parietal scalp sites, suggesting interference during word production. Interestingly, PHS increased the N1 and decreased the N2 components in ERPs, regardless of congruency, indicating enhanced proactive executive control and diminished demands on conflict-monitoring, respectively. Stroop effects in the N400 were reduced by PHS, confirming their semantic locus. In conclusion, vocal and manual Stroop versions seem to share semantic loci of conflict. The bigger vocal Stroop effect may be attributable to additional loci during word production lexicon. Apparently, PHS diminish Stroop effects by enhancing proactive executive control over lexico-semantic conflicts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Sugestão , Adulto , Atenção/fisiologia , Cor , Eletroencefalografia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipnose , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Teste de Stroop , Adulto Jovem
11.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 194: 28-36, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30731394

RESUMO

We tested the influence of misinformation on evaluative conditioning (EC) by giving false information about the contingencies between CS and US stimuli after a conditioning procedure. This was done by asking participants questions about the USs while inaccurately suggesting that some CSs had been paired with a US that had the opposite valence than the US it had actually been paired with. For CS-US pairs from other conditions, accurate suggestions or no suggestions at all were given to participants. This manipulation significantly moderated EC effects. For pairs that were combined with inaccurate information we found a reversed EC effect, while we found a standard EC effect for both pairs combined with no suggestions and pairs combined with accurate suggestions. Additional analyses showed that the misinformation manipulation also moderated memory for the pairs. These results show that misinformation manipulations cannot only influence explicit memory but also attitudes. Furthermore, and in line with some theories of EC, they support the relevance of explicit memory for EC effects.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Memória/fisiologia , Sugestão , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Adulto Jovem
12.
Int J Clin Exp Hypn ; 67(1): 39-68, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30702402

RESUMO

Inducing out-of-body experiences in hypnosis (H-OBEs) offers an almost unique opportunity to investigate them under controlled conditions. OBEs were induced as an imaginative task in a resting condition (I-OBE) or in hypnosis (H-OBE) in a group of 15 high hypnotizable subjects. A 32-channel EEG was recorded, and the spectral power and imaginary coherence of each frequency band and each couple of electrodes were calculated. At the end of each session, the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI) was administered to assess the phenomenological aspects of the subjects' experience. Significantly higher scores in the altered state, positive affect altered experience, and attention subdimensions of the PCI were reported in H-OBE than in I-OBE, which were associated with a significant decrease of power in beta and gamma band activity in right parieto-temporal derivations. These results suggest that the H-OBE may offer a useful experimental model of spontaneous OBEs.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/fisiologia , Alucinações/psicologia , Sugestão , Adulto , Eletroencefalografia , Feminino , Alucinações/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0212592, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30789952

RESUMO

Witnesses are likely to describe a crime many times before testifying or encountering misinformation about that crime. Research examining the effect of retrieval on later suggestibility has yielded mixed results. LaPaglia and Chan manipulated whether misinformation was presented in a narrative or misleading questions, and they found that retrieval increased suggestibility when misinformation was presented in a narrative, but reduced suggestibility when the same misinformation was presented in questions. In the current study, we aimed to address why these differences occurred. Specifically, we examined whether contextual detail and narrative coherence during misinformation exposure influenced the relation between retrieval and suggestibility. Participants watched a robbery video and some were questioned about the event afterwards. They were then exposed to misinformation presented in a narrative (Experiment 1) or questions (Experiment 2) before taking a final memory test. Testing enhanced suggestibility when the misinformation phase reinstated contextual information of the event, but not when the misinformation phase included few contextual details-regardless of whether the misinformation was in a narrative or questions. In Experiment 3, disrupting narrative coherence by randomizing the order of contextual information eliminated retrieval-enhanced suggestibility. Therefore, context processing during the post-event information phase influences whether retrieval enhances or reduces eyewitness suggestibility.


Assuntos
Rememoração Mental , Adolescente , Comunicação , Crime , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Narração , Sugestão , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Trauma Violence Abuse ; 20(1): 22-39, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30803408

RESUMO

The accuracy of children's reports of abuse has been hotly debated in the press, academia, and the courtroom. Yet, children's accuracy depends, in part, on the context in which children are interviewed. Guidelines often recommend creating a supportive psychosocial context to promote open, honest responding; however, there is also concern that support promotes social desirability and acquiescence to suggestion, leading children to report more of what they perceive adults want to hear than the truth. The question remains as to whether there is a sufficient body of scientific research to determine whether interviewer supportiveness improves interview outcomes while minimizing children's stress or whether it increases suggestibility and impairs accuracy. Using a systematic search strategy and meta-analyses, this study identifies and reviews findings from experimental studies of the effects of interviewer supportiveness on the accuracy of children's reports. Although the number of studies in the evidence base is small ( n = 15), the studies are of relatively good quality. Results suggest noncontingent interviewer support bolsters children's accuracy. Children are more resistant and less acquiescent to suggestive questions when interviewers are supportive as compared to nonsupportive or neutral. Effects are in the moderate range. Interviewer support is also associated with fewer errors on nonsuggestive questions. Discussion focuses on implications for practice; directions for future research; identifying vulnerable subgroups; and underlying cognitive, social, and emotional mechanisms.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Revelação , Entrevistas como Assunto/métodos , Sugestão , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Rememoração Mental
15.
PLoS One ; 14(1): e0209851, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605458

RESUMO

Side effects are frequent in pharmacological pain management, potentially preceding analgesia and limiting drug tolerability. Discussing side effects is part of informed consent, yet can favor nocebo effects. This study aimed to test whether a positive suggestion regarding side effects, which could act as reminders of the medication having been absorbed, might favor analgesia in a clinical interaction model. Sixty-six healthy males participated in a study "to validate pupillometry as an objective measure of analgesia". Participants were unknowingly randomized double-blind to positive vs control information about side effects embedded in a video regarding the study drugs. Sequences of moderately painful heat stimuli applied before and after treatment with diclofenac and atropine served to evaluate analgesia. Atropine was deceptively presented as a co-analgesic, but used to induce side effects. Adverse events (AE) were collected with the General Assessment of Side Effects (GASE) questionnaire prior to the second induced pain sequence. Debriefing fully informed participants regarding the purpose of the study and showed them the two videos.The combination of medication led to significant analgesia, without a between-group difference. Positive information about side effects increased the attribution of AE to the treatment compared to the control information. The total GASE score was correlated with analgesia, i.e., the more AEs reported, the stronger the analgesia. Interestingly, there was a significant between-groups difference on this correlation: the GASE score and analgesia correlated only in the positive information group. This provides evidence for a selective link between AEs and pain relief in the group who received the suggestion that AEs could be taken as a sign "that help was on the way". During debriefing, 65% of participants said they would prefer to receive the positive message in a clinical context. Although the present results cannot be translated immediately to clinical pain conditions, they do indicate the importance of testing this type of modulation in a clinical context.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Otimismo/psicologia , Adulto , Analgesia/métodos , Analgesia/psicologia , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Atropina/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Masculino , Efeito Nocebo , Medição da Dor/efeitos dos fármacos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Comunicação Persuasiva , Sugestão
16.
Psychol Rev ; 126(1): 133-152, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30604989

RESUMO

Hypnotic suggestions can lead to altered experiences of agency, reality, and memory. The present work is primarily concerned with alterations of the sense of agency (SoA) following motor suggestions. When people respond to the suggestion that their arm is rising up all by itself, they usually have a feeling of passivity for their action. The mechanisms leading to such alterations of the SoA are still controversial. We propose a theoretical model based on the framework of predictive coding: The view that the brain constantly generates hypotheses that predict sensory input at varying levels of abstraction and minimizes prediction errors either by updating its prior hypotheses-perceptual inference-or by modifying sensory input through action-active inference. We argue that suggested motor behavior and the experience of passivity accompanying it can be accounted for in terms of active inference. We propose that motor suggestions optimize both proprioceptive predictions and actual proprioceptive evidence through attentional modulation. The comparison between predicted and actual sensory evidence leads to highly precise prediction errors that call for an explanation. The motor suggestion readily supplies such an explanation by providing a prior of nonagency to the subject. We present this model in detail and discuss how it relates to, and differs from, other recent models of hypnosis. We compare its predictions with the predictions derivable from these other models. We also discuss the potential application of our predictive account to reality and memory alterations in hypnosis and offer an explanation of interindividual differences in hypnotic suggestibility. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Alucinações/fisiopatologia , Individualidade , Modelos Psicológicos , Atividade Motora/fisiologia , Propriocepção/fisiologia , Sugestão , Humanos
17.
J Hist Behav Sci ; 55(1): 21-39, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30508292

RESUMO

In Japan, as in the west, suggestion theory was the predominant theory of hypnosis, and suggestive therapy was one of the most important, if not the most important, form of psychotherapy in the early 20th century. While the use of suggestion was met with objections on both scientific and moral grounds in the west, it was seen in a more positive light and has had a significant influence on the development of psychotherapy in Japan. With regard to the contexts of suggestion, suggestive power, suggestibility, and the effects of suggestion, this study will examine the distinctive conceptions and practices of suggestion developed by analogy with existing ideas about interpersonal influence, particularly with the concept of kanka (assimilative transformation) in Japan. They provide an interesting comparison to the western ideas of suggestion, helping us understand the historical and cultural particularity of western dynamic psychiatry and psychotherapy, particularly their presumptions about interpersonal influence.


Assuntos
Princípios Morais , Psicoterapia/história , Sugestão , História do Século XX , Humanos , Japão
18.
Anesth Analg ; 128(1): e10, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30320652

Assuntos
Fator XI , Sugestão , Gravidez
19.
Orv Hetil ; 159(48): 2011-2020, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501521

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Hip and knee replacement surgery is very demanding for patients. Medication consumption is further increased by perioperative anxiety. Besides pain killer and anxiolytic medications, patients' recovery can be enhanced by applying therapeutic suggestions, which are easily applicable during the patient-physician communication. METHOD: In our prospective, randomized, controlled study we examined the effects of positive suggestions on patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty in spinal anaesthesia. Members of the suggestion group received the therapeutic suggestions during a pre-surgery physician visit, and by listening to an audio recording during surgery. RESULTS: Compared to the control group (n = 50), in the suggestion group (n = 45) the need of medication (pain killer and adjuvant pain medication) during the surgery was lower (p = 0.037), the mean change from baseline in the well-being of the patients was better on the 2nd [1.31 (0.57; 2.04); p<0.001] and 4th [0.97 (0.23; 1.7); p = 0.011] postoperative day and less transfusion had to be administered (OR: 2.37; p = 0.004). However, there was no difference between the two groups in the postoperative need of medications, in the length of hospitalisation and in the frequency of complications. Conslusion: Our results indicate that the administration of therapeutic suggestions in the perioperative period may be beneficial for orthopaedic surgery patients. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(48): 2011-2020.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/psicologia , Artroplastia do Joelho/psicologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Período Perioperatório/psicologia , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Sugestão
20.
Clín. salud ; 29(3): 139-145, nov. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-178479

RESUMO

La evaluación de la sugestionabilidad y la hipnotizabilidad se ha establecido como una valiosa línea de investigación. No obstante, la mayor parte de los estudios se han realizado con muestras de población general, siendo los trabajos con muestras clínicas escasos. El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido evaluar la sugestionabilidad en una muestra de pacientes (n = 147), mediante la aplicación de un inventario de sugestionabilidad y establecer una comparación con una muestra control (n = 57). Los participantes de la muestra clínica presentaron significativamente una mayor sugestionabilidad, en comparación con los participantes de la muestra control, en la puntuación total y en las escalas de absorción, implicación emocional e influenciabilidad. Al comparar grupos específicos de trastornos mentales con respecto a la muestra control, se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en sugestionabilidad para los pacientes con trastorno de ansiedad social, trastorno de pánico, trastorno obsesivo-compulsivo y trastorno de estrés postraumático. Estos resultados tienen importantes implicaciones para la práctica clínica


The assessment of suggestibility and hipnotizability has become a valuable research line in the last decades. However, most studies have focused on general population, and there are limited and insufficient papers dealing with clinical simples. The aim of the present study was to evaluate general suggestibility in a sample of patients (n = 147) compared to a control (non-clinical) group (n = 57), by means of the adminitration of an inventory of suggestibility. Clinical sample participants showed higher levels of suggestibility (overall score) and higher levels of absorption, emotional suggestibility, and influence of others (subscales) than controls. By clinical groups, social anxiety, panic isorder, OCD, and PTSD groups scored higher in suggestibility than controls. These results have relevant implications for clinical practice


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Terapia Focada em Emoções , Sugestão , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia , Transtorno de Pânico/psicologia , Análise de Variância , Testes Psicológicos
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