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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e23956, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adjuvant targeted therapy by sunitinib combined with surgery in the treatment of advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma. METHODS: PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov (http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) will be searched for clinical research articles related to the efficacy and safety of adjuvant therapy combined with surgery in the treatment of advanced and metastatic RCC. The identification, inclusion and exclusion flow charts will be conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. The quality assessment will be done by Quadas-2 evaluation tool. Key parameters including OS in 10, 20, 30, and 40 months, PFS in 10, 20, and 30 months, objective response rate (ORR), stable disease (SD) rate, progressive disease (PD) rate, median OS and PFS, types of AEs and their occurrence rates, etc will be extracted. The evaluation of the efficacy and safety will be pooled by CMA. RESULTS: This systematic review will provide evidence on the efficacy and safety of adjuvant therapy by sunitinib combined with surgery in treating advanced and metastatic RCC. CONCLUSION: The study aims to generalize data concerning the response rate, OS, PFS and rates of adverse effects of the perioperative use of sunitinib in advanced and metastatic RCC patients. The evidence provided by this systematic review and meta-analysis will help guide the clinical decision making and enlighten the future management of advanced or metastatic RCC. REGISTRATION: This protocol has been registered on the International Platform of Registered Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols (INPLASY registration number: INPLASY2020110093; INPLASY DOI number: 10.37766/inplasy2020.11.0093 Available at: https://inplasy.com).


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/normas , Protocolos Clínicos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 346, 2021 01 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436641

RESUMO

Anti-PD-1 therapy is used as a front-line treatment for many cancers, but mechanistic insight into this therapy resistance is still lacking. Here we generate a humanized (Hu)-mouse melanoma model by injecting fetal liver-derived CD34+ cells and implanting autologous thymus in immune-deficient NOD-scid IL2Rγnull (NSG) mice. Reconstituted Hu-mice are challenged with HLA-matched melanomas and treated with anti-PD-1, which results in restricted tumor growth but not complete regression. Tumor RNA-seq, multiplexed imaging and immunohistology staining show high expression of chemokines, as well as recruitment of FOXP3+ Treg and mast cells, in selective tumor regions. Reduced HLA-class I expression and CD8+/Granz B+ T cells homeostasis are observed in tumor regions where FOXP3+ Treg and mast cells co-localize, with such features associated with resistance to anti-PD-1 treatment. Combining anti-PD-1 with sunitinib or imatinib results in the depletion of mast cells and complete regression of tumors. Our results thus implicate mast cell depletion for improving the efficacy of anti-PD-1 therapy.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Mastócitos/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Mastócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Melanoma/imunologia , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/terapia , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Sunitinibe/farmacologia , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/imunologia
4.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD012796, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several comparative randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been performed including combinations of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and immune checkpoint inhibitors since the publication of a Cochrane Review on targeted therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) in 2008. This review represents an update of that original review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of targeted therapies for clear cell mRCC in patients naïve to systemic therapy. SEARCH METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search with no restrictions on language or publication status. The date of the latest search was 18 June 2020. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials, recruiting patients with clear cell mRCC naïve to previous systemic treatment. The index intervention was any TKI-based targeted therapy. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently assessed the included studies and extracted data for the primary outcomes: progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and serious adverse events (SAEs); and the secondary outcomes: health-related quality of life (QoL), response rate and minor adverse events (AEs). We performed statistical analyses using a random-effects model and rated the certainty of evidence according to the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: We included 18 RCTs reporting on 11,590 participants randomised across 18 comparisons. This abstract focuses on the primary outcomes of select comparisons. 1. Pazopanib versus sunitinib Pazopanib may result in little to no difference in PFS as compared to sunitinib (hazard ratio (HR) 1.05, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.90 to 1.23; 1 study, 1110 participants; low-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 420 per 1000 in this trial at 12 months, this corresponds to 18 fewer participants experiencing PFS (95% CI 76 fewer to 38 more) per 1000 participants. Pazopanib may result in little to no difference in OS compared to sunitinib (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.80 to 1.06; 1 study, 1110 participants; low-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 550 per 1000 in this trial at 12 months, this corresponds to 27 more OSs (95% CI 19 fewer to 70 more) per 1000 participants. Pazopanib may result in little to no difference in SAEs as compared to sunitinib (risk ratio (RR) 1.01, 95% CI 0.94 to 1.09; 1 study, 1102 participants; low-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 734 per 1000 in this trial, this corresponds to 7 more participants experiencing SAEs (95% CI 44 fewer to 66 more) per 1000 participants. 2. Sunitinib versus avelumab and axitinib Sunitinib probably reduces PFS as compared to avelumab plus axitinib (HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.80; 1 study, 886 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 550 per 1000 in this trial at 12 months, this corresponds to 130 fewer participants experiencing PFS (95% CI 209 fewer to 53 fewer) per 1000 participants. Sunitinib may result in little to no difference in OS (HR 1.28, 95% CI 0.92 to 1.79; 1 study, 886 participants; low-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 890 per 1000 in this trial at 12 months, this would result in 29 fewer OSs (95% CI 78 fewer to 8 more) per 1000 participants. Sunitinib may result in little to no difference in SAEs (RR 1.01, 95% CI 0.93 to 1.10; 1 study, 873 participants; low-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 705 per 1000 in this trial, this corresponds to 7 more SAEs (95% CI 49 fewer to 71 more) per 1000 participants.  3. Sunitinib versus pembrolizumab and axitinib Sunitinib probably reduces PFS as compared to pembrolizumab plus axitinib (HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.19 to 1.76; 1 study, 861 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 590 per 1000 in this trial at 12 months, this corresponds to 125 fewer participants experiencing PFS (95% CI 195 fewer to 56 fewer) per 1000 participants. Sunitinib probably reduces OS (HR 1.90, 95% CI 1.36 to 2.65; 1 study, 861 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 880 per 1000 in this trial at 12 months, this would result in 96 fewer OSs (95% CI 167 fewer to 40 fewer) per 1000 participants. Sunitinib may reduce SAEs as compared to pembrolizumab plus axitinib (RR 0.90, 95% CI 0.81 to 1.02; 1 study, 854 participants; low-certainty evidence) although the CI includes the possibility of no effect. Based on the control event risk of 604 per 1000 in this trial, this corresponds to 60 fewer SAEs (95% CI 115 fewer to 12 more) per 1000 participants.  4. Sunitinib versus nivolumab and ipilimumab Sunitinib may reduce PFS as compared to nivolumab plus ipilimumab (HR 1.30, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.52; 1 study, 847 participants; low-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 280 per 1000 in this trial at 30 months' follow-up, this corresponds to 89 fewer PFSs (95% CI 136 fewer to 37 fewer) per 1000 participants. Sunitinib reduces OS (HR 1.52, 95% CI 1.23 to 1.89; 1 study, 847 participants; high-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk 600 per 1000 in this trial at 30 months, this would result in 140 fewer OSs (95% CI 219 fewer to 67 fewer) per 1000 participants. Sunitinib probably increases SAEs (RR 1.37, 95% CI 1.22 to 1.53; 1 study, 1082 participants; moderate-certainty evidence). Based on the control event risk of 457 per 1000 in this trial, this corresponds to 169 more SAEs (95% CI 101 more to 242 more) per 1000 participants. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Based on the low to high certainty of evidence, several combinations of immune checkpoint inhibitors appear to be superior to single-agent targeted therapy in terms of PFS and OS, and with a favourable AE profile. Some single-agent targeted therapies demonstrated a similar or improved oncological outcome compared to others; minor differences were observed for AE within this group. The certainty of evidence was variable ranging from high to very low and all comparisons were based on single trials.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Axitinibe/efeitos adversos , Axitinibe/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Viés , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Everolimo/efeitos adversos , Everolimo/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Ipilimumab/efeitos adversos , Ipilimumab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Sorafenibe/efeitos adversos , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Sunitinibe/efeitos adversos , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico
5.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(10): 837-843, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975057

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The standard schedule for sunitinib treatment is 4 weeks on and 2 weeks off (4/2) in first-line treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Schedule modifications, including 2 weeks on and 1 week off (2/1), appear to reduce the total number of treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) without compromising efficacy. Even though TRAEs can qualitatively differ from each other, it is not clear as to what effects a 2/1 schedule has on individual TRAEs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This meta-analysis included one randomized controlled trial (RCT) and four non-randomized controlled studies (non-RCTs) that compared the two schedules in parallel. The primary objective was to estimate risk of individual adverse events (AEs) with a sunitinib 2/1 schedule versus a 4/2 schedule. Seven representative AEs were evaluated as standard data for the RCT and as weighted pooling data of the non-RCTs. Random effects modelling with Review Manager v5.3 was used to pool study-level data using the inverse-variance of each study as the weight. RESULTS: The five selected studies included a total of 484 patients with mRCC. Risk ratios for fatigue for a 2/1 schedule were significantly lower than those for a 4/2 schedule {0.69 [95% confidence intervals (CI), 0.51, 0.95] in the RCT and 0.77 (95% CI, 0.63, 0.94) in the non-RCTs}. Other TRAEs, except diarrhea and anorexia, also tended to decrease in both sets. Efficacy outcomes were comparable between 2/1 and standard schedules. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis suggests that a 2/1 schedule of sunitinib lowers the risk of fatigue and the occurrence other AEs without compromising efficacy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 840-844, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927506

RESUMO

In patients with recurrent or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), imatinib is the mainstay treatment, which has significantly improved outcome. However, approximately half of patients who have initial respose to imatinib will develop secondary resistance within 2 years, leading to progressive disease. Available data suggest that cytoreductive surgery may be considered in patients with metastatic GIST who respond to imatinib and have relatively low tumor burden, particularly in whom a R0/R1 resection is anticipated. The evidence of benefit from surgery in patients with focal tumor progression on imatinib is limited, but after surgical resection of progressive lesions, shifting to second line therapy should be initiated. Patients with multifocal progression are not suitable for surgical intervention. In the meantime, surgery for patients treated with sunitinib is feasible, yet survival benefit remains controversial. Thus, surgery should be considered in patients with metastatic GIST whose disease responds to imatinib with a goal of performing R0/R1 resection. On a case-by-case basis, surgical intervention should be determined after careful multidisciplinary consultation to achieve safety, improvement of symptoms and long-term survival benefits.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/cirurgia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Progressão da Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/secundário , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
7.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238809, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915890

RESUMO

Clear-cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC) can be divided into four transcriptomic subtypes, two of which have a favorable and two an unfavorable prognosis. To assess mechanisms driving these subtypes, we investigated their miRNA expression patterns. miRNAs are master regulators of mRNAs, that are widely deregulated in cancer. Unsupervised clustering in our dataset (n = 128) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) validation set identified two distinct miRNA clusters that overlapped with the transcriptomic subtypes, underscoring the validity of these subtypes on a multi-omics level and suggesting a driving role for miRNAs. Discriminatory miRNAs for the favorable subtypes repressed epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, based on gene set enrichment analysis and target-mRNA expression levels. Strikingly, throughout the entire dataset, miRNAs associated with favorable subtypes were also associated with longer overall survival after diagnosis, and miRNAs associated with unfavorable subtypes with shorter overall survival (Pearson r = -0.54, p<0.0001). These findings indicate a general shift in miRNA expression between more and less aggressive tumors. This adds to current literature, which usually suggests only a small subset of miRNAs as markers of aggressive disease. In conclusion, this study reveals distinct mRNA expression patterns underlying transcriptomic ccRCC-subtypes, whereby miRNAs associated with favorable subtypes counteract epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. There is a general shift in miRNA expression in ccRCC, between more and less aggressive tumors.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Renais/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Sunitinibe/farmacologia , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Eur Urol Focus ; 6(5): 1086-1096, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32540268

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic that erupted in December 2019 has affected more than a million people from over 200 countries, claiming over 70 000 lives (by April 7, 2020). As the viral infection is driven by increased angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2) expression, with the kidney exhibiting the highest expression, it is crucial to gain insights into the mechanisms underlying renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). OBJECTIVE: This study considers up-to-date information on the biological determinants shared by COVID-19 and renal disease, and aims to provide evidence-based recommendations for the clinical management of RCC patients with COVID-19. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A literature search was performed using all sources (MEDLINE, EMBASE, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Libraries, and Web of Science). As of March 31, 2020, the Center for Disease Control reported that of the adults hospitalized for COVID-19 with underlying conditions in the USA, 74.8% had chronic renal disease. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Evidence is discussed from epidemiological studies on SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and molecular studies on the role of kidney in facilitating routes for SARS-CoV-2 entry, leading to increased virulence of SARS-CoV-2 and clinical manifestation of symptoms in RCC. CONCLUSIONS: This analysis will advance our understanding of (1) the molecular signatures shared by RCC and COVID-19 and (2) the clinical implications of overlapping signaling pathways in the therapeutic management of RCC and COVID-19 patients. PATIENT SUMMARY: Amid the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, patients diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma and infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may receive complimentary treatment modalities to enhance therapeutic response.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Endotelina/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Ipilimumab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Biópsia Líquida , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico
9.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232985, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413049

RESUMO

Receptor tyrosine kinases, such as VEGFR, PDGFR and EGFR, play important roles in renal cancer. In this study, we investigated EGFR knockout as a therapeutic approach in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We showed that a renal cell carcinoma cell line (RC21) has higher expression of EGFR as compared to other frequently used cell lines such as HEK293, A549, Hela and DLD1. Ablation of EGFR by CRISPR/Cas9 significantly restrained tumor cell growth and activated the MAPK (pERK1/2) pathway. The VEGFR and PDGFR inhibitor, sunitinib, attenuated the expression of MAPK (pERK1/2) and pAKT induced by EGFR loss and further inhibited EGFR-/- cell proliferation. We showed that loss of EGFR eventually leads to resistance to SAHA and cisplatin. Furthermore, EGFR loss induced G2/M phase arrest and resulted in an increased resistance to TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in renal cell carcinoma. Thus, ablation of overexpressed EGFR by CRISPR/Cas9 alone or in combination with sunitinib may be a new treatment option for renal cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Células A549 , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Terapia Combinada , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/genética , Genes erbB-1 , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Modelos Biológicos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
10.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232545, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379831

RESUMO

Exosomes are 40-100 nm nano-sized extracellular vesicles. They are released from many cell types and move into the extracellular space, thereby transferring their components to recipient cells. Exosomes are receiving increasing attention as novel structures participating in intracellular communication. RAB27B is one of the leading proteins involved in exosome secretion, and oncogenic effects have been reported in several cancers. In recent years, molecularly targeted agents typified by sunitinib are widely used for the treatment of metastatic or recurrent renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, intrinsic or acquired resistance to sunitinib has become a major issue. The present study aimed to elucidate the role of RAB27B in RCC including sunitinib-resistant and its role in exosomes. Bioinformatic analyses revealed that high expression of RAB27B correlates with progression of RCC. The expression of RAB27B protein in RCC cell lines was significantly enhanced compared with that in normal kidney cell lines. Furthermore, RAB27B protein expression was enhanced in all of the tested sunitinib-resistant RCC cell lines compared to parental cells. Although no specific effect of RAB27B on exosomes was identified in RCC cells, loss-of-function studies demonstrated that knockdown of RAB27B suppressed cell proliferation, migration and invasive activities. Moreover, anti-tumor effects of RAB27B downregulation were also observed in sunitinib-resistant RCC cells. RNA sequence and pathway analysis suggested that the oncogenic effects of RAB27B might be associated with MAPK and VEGF signaling pathways. These results showed that RAB27B is a prognostic marker and a novel therapeutic target in sunitinib-sensitive and -resistant RCCs. Further analyses should improve our understanding of sunitinib resistance in RCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Cancer Sci ; 111(5): 1607-1618, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232883

RESUMO

Sunitinib, a multitargeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor including vascular endothelial growth factor, has been widely used as a first-line treatment against metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). However, mRCC often acquires resistance to sunitinib, rendering it difficult to treat with this agent. Recently, Rapalink-1, a drug that links rapamycin and the mTOR kinase inhibitor MLN0128, has been developed with excellent therapeutic effects against breast cancer cells carrying mTOR resistance mutations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo therapeutic efficacy of Rapalink-1 against renal cell carcinoma (RCC) compared to temsirolimus, which is commonly used as a small molecule inhibitor of mTOR and is a derivative of rapamycin. In comparison with temsirolimus, Rapalink-1 showed significantly greater effects against proliferation, migration, invasion and cFolony formation in sunitinib-naïve RCC cells. Inhibition was achieved through suppression of the phosphorylation of substrates in the mTOR signal pathway, such as p70S6K, eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4EBP1) and AKT. In addition, Rapalink-1 had greater tumor suppressive effects than temsirolimus against the sunitinib-resistant 786-o cell line (SU-R 786-o), which we had previously established, as well as 3 additional SU-R cell lines established here. RNA sequencing showed that Rapalink-1 suppressed not only the mTOR signaling pathway but also a part of the MAPK signaling pathway, the ErbB signaling pathway and ABC transporters that were associated with resistance to several drugs. Our study suggests the possibility of a new treatment option for patients with RCC that is either sunitinib-sensitive or sunitinib-resistant.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Sunitinibe/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Sirolimo/uso terapêutico , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
13.
BJU Int ; 126(1): 73-82, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient-reported outcome (PRO) data from the IMmotion150 study. The phase 2 IMmotion150 study showed improved progression-free survival with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sunitinib in patients with programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1)+ tumours and suggested activity of atezolizumab monotherapy in previously untreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with previously untreated mRCC were randomised to atezolizumab 1200 mg intravenously (i.v.) every 3 weeks (n = 103), the atezolizumab regimen plus bevacizumab 15 mg/kg i.v. every 3 weeks (n = 101), or sunitinib 50 mg orally daily (4 weeks on, 2 weeks off; n = 101). The MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) and Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI) were administered on days 1 and 22 of each 6-week cycle. Time to deterioration (TTD), change from baseline in MDASI core and RCC symptom severity, interference with daily life, and BFI fatigue severity and interference scores were reported for all comers. The TTD was the first ≥2-point score increase over baseline. Absolute effect size ≥0.2 suggested a clinically important difference with checkpoint inhibitor therapy vs sunitinib. RESULTS: Completion rates were >90% at baseline and ≥80% at most visits. Delayed TTD in core and RCC symptoms, symptom interference, fatigue, and fatigue-related interference was observed with atezolizumab (both alone and in combination) vs sunitinib. Improved TTD (hazard ratio [HR], 95% confidence interval [CI]) was more pronounced with atezolizumab monotherapy: core symptoms, 0.39 (0.22-0.71); RCC symptoms, 0.22 (0.12-0.41); and symptom interference, 0.36 (0.22-0.58). Change from baseline by visit, evaluated by the MDASI, also showed a trend favouring atezolizumab monotherapy vs sunitinib. Small sample sizes may have limited the ability to draw definitive conclusions. CONCLUSION: PROs suggested that atezolizumab alone or with bevacizumab maintained daily function compared with sunitinib. Notably, symptoms were least severe with atezolizumab alone vs sunitinib (IMmotion150; ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01984242).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1 , Carcinoma de Células Renais/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/secundário , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(13): e19570, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221075

RESUMO

To evaluate the safety and efficiency of sunitinib and sorafenib in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).Databases were searched up till February 28, 2018. Two reviewers independently assessed trials for eligibility, quality, and extracted relevant data. Results are expressed as risk ratio (RR) or hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Six studies including 3112 patients were accessed. Sorafenib group exhibited higher median progression-free survival (mPFS) compared to sunitinib group (MD, -1.30; 95% CI, -2.56 to -0.03), especially in the first-line treatment (MD, -1.33; 95% CI, -2.61 to -0.04). However, sunitinib significantly reduced the risk of progression-free survival (PFS) compared to sorafenib (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.6-0.82). Sunitinib also significantly reduced risk of overall survival (OS) compared to sorafenib (HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.65-0.92), while median OS was similar in both groups (MD, -0.48; 95% CI, -3.40-2.43). With regards to safety, the risk of rash (RR, 0.31, 95% CI, 0.12-0.79) was greater in sunitinib than sorafenib group, while the risk of decreased appetite (RR 2.10, 95% CI: 1.33-3.30) and dehydration (RR 2.73, 95% CI: 1.14-6.56) was smaller in contrast.Based on risk of PFS and OS, sunitinib was a better treatment option for RCC treatment while patients faced with severe skin reaction. And for those Asian patients classified under MSKCC moderate risk, whether in first or second-line treatment, had difficulty in feeding, sorafenib is a better choice for prolong mPFS.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sorafenibe/administração & dosagem , Sorafenibe/efeitos adversos , Sunitinibe/administração & dosagem , Sunitinibe/efeitos adversos
15.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 219, 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We performed a pooled analysis of the COMPARZ study assessing efficacy and safety of pazopanib versus sunitinib in treatment-naïve Chinese patients with locally advanced and/or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (a/mRCC). METHODS: In the COMPARZ study, patients were randomized (1:1) to receive pazopanib 800 mg once daily (QD) continuously or sunitinib 50 mg QD in 6-week cycles (4 weeks on, 2 weeks off). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary endpoints included overall response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), and safety. PFS and ORR were assessed by independent review committee (IRC) and local investigators. RESULTS: Of the 209 Chinese patients (pazopanib, [n = 109] and sunitinib, [n = 100]), 155 (74%) were males and median age was 57 years (range, 18-79). Median PFS was 13.9 months for pazopanib versus 14.3 months for sunitinib per investigator assessment and 8.3 months in both arms per IRC assessment; PFS hazard ratio was 1.17 (investigator) and 0.99 (IRC). Median OS was not reached in pazopanib arm and was 29.5 months in sunitinib arm. ORR was significantly higher in pazopanib arm versus sunitinib arm (investigator: 41% versus 23% [P = 0.0052]; IRC: 35% versus 20% [P = 0.0203]). Pazopanib was generally well tolerated in Chinese patients with a/mRCC. Most frequent AEs in the pazopanib arm were diarrhea and hair color changes whereas the most frequent AEs in the sunitinib arm were decreased platelets, decreased neutrophil count, and thrombocytopenia. CONCLUSION: The results of the pooled analysis were consistent with the overall population in the COMPARZ study, and confirmed similar PFS and OS of pazopanib and sunitinib in the Chinese patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinical trials.gov, NCT00720941 (August 14, 2008) and NCT01147822 (May 19, 2010).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Sunitinibe/administração & dosagem , Sunitinibe/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
16.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 201, 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32164576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Before the era of targeted therapies, cytokines were the main therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Our aim was to analyze the changes in treatments and overall survival (OS) of all mRCC patients in Estonia in relation to the introduction of new medications. METHODS: All patients with mRCC who started medical therapy in Estonia during the years 2004-2012 were identified using the database of the Estonian Health Insurance Fund. Tumor and treatment data were gathered from medical records. Vital status data were obtained from the Estonian Population Registry. The only available therapy before 2008 was interferon alpha-2A (INFa2A), targeted agents added from 2008. For survival analysis, patients were divided into 2 groups: INFa therapy only (group 1) and INFa followed by targeted agents or targeted agents therapy only (group 2). RESULTS: Out of 416 identified patients, 380 were eligible for analysis. The most common 1st-line treatments were INFa (55%), sunitinib (32%) and INFa+bevacizumab (13%). 28% of patients received 2nd-line therapies and 15% 3rd-line treatments. Median survival of all patients was 13.7 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 11.3-16.2]; 7.6 months (CI 6.4-8.6) for group 1 and 19.8 months (CI 15.6-22.9) for group 2. In multivariate analysis, group 1 had nearly four times higher risk of dying than group 2 [hazard ration (HR) 3.88, 95% CI 2.64-5.72]. CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of targeted therapies significantly changed the outcomes of mRCC in Estonia: it prolonged median survival, reduced the risk of death and also enlarged the proportion of patients who received medical therapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon alfa-2/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Estônia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Metástase Neoplásica , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Oncol Rep ; 43(3): 751-764, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020209

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most commonly observed mesenchymal tumors of the digestive tract, and they originate from the interstitial cells of Cajal. GISTs can be divided into KIT/PDGFRA­mutant GISTs and wild­type GISTs based on the presence or absence of KIT/PDGFRA mutations. Wild­type GISTs can be divided into succinate dehydrogenase complex (SDH)­deficient GISTs and non­SDH­deficient GISTs. Downstream signaling pathways activated by these mutations serve a pivotal role in the development of GISTs and are associated with the biological behavior, including risk stratification, clinical prognosis and drug resistance. Accurate medical care requires accurate molecular diagnosis, which in turn prolongs the survival of patients with GISTs and makes GIST a chronic disease. At present, there is a lack of effective treatment for imatinib/sunitinib/regorafenib resistant patients and KIT/PDGFRA­WT GISTs, which is undoubtedly a major challenge for future research. The present review summarizes the molecular pathogenesis of GISTs and the progress of related research.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-kit/genética , Receptor alfa de Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/genética , Succinato Desidrogenase/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/genética , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico
18.
Cancer Treat Rev ; 84: 101966, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044644

RESUMO

Anti-angiogenic treatment is an important option that has changed the therapeutic landscape in various tumors, particularly in patients affected by renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Agents that block signaling pathways governing tumor angiogenesis have raised high expectations among clinicians. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (VEGFR-TKIs) comprise a heterogeneous class of drugs with distinct pharmacological profiles, including potency, selectivity, pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions. Among them, tivozanib is one of the last TKIs introduced in the clinical practice; this drug selectively targets VEGFRs, it is characterized by a favorable pharmacokinetics and safety profile and has been approved as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic RCC (mRCC). In this article, we describe the clinical pharmacology of selected VEGFR-TKIs used for the treatment of mRCC, highlighting the relevant differences; moreover we aim to define the main pharmacologic characteristics of these drug.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores da Angiogênese/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Anilidas/efeitos adversos , Anilidas/farmacologia , Anilidas/uso terapêutico , Axitinibe/efeitos adversos , Axitinibe/farmacologia , Axitinibe/uso terapêutico , Interações Medicamentosas , Humanos , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Fenilureia/farmacologia , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Piridinas/farmacologia , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Sorafenibe/efeitos adversos , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Sunitinibe/efeitos adversos , Sunitinibe/farmacologia , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico
19.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 33, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a highly vascular tumor and patients with low risk metastatic RCC of clear-cell histological sub-type (mccRCC) are treated with tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs), sunitinib, as the first-line of treatment. Unfortunately, TKI resistance eventually develops, and the underlying molecular mechanism is not well understood. METHODS: RCC cell-line with metastatic clear-cell histology (Caki-1), and patient samples were analysed to identify the role of Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) and ATP-binding cassette sub-family B member 1 (ABCB-1) in acquired sunitinib-resistance development. Caki-1 was conditioned with increasing sunitinib doses to recapitulate acquired resistance development in clinics. Sunitinib-conditioned and wild-type Caki-1 were subjected to cell viability assay, scratch assay, chicken embryo chorioallantoic membrane engraftment and proteomics analysis. Classical biochemical assays like flow cytometry, immunofluorescent staining, immunohistochemical staining, optical coherence tomography imaging, Western Blot and RT-PCR assays were applied to determine the possible mechanism of sunitinib-resistance development and the effect of drug treatments. Publicly available data was also used to determine the role of YB-1 upregulation in ccRCC and the patients' overall survival. RESULTS: We demonstrate that YB-1 and ABCB-1 are upregulated in sunitinib-resistant in vitro, ex vivo, in vivo and patient samples compared to the sensitive samples. This provides evidence to a mechanism of acquired sunitinib-resistance development in mccRCC. Furthermore, our results establish that inhibiting ABCB-1 with elacridar, in addition to sunitinib, has a positive impact on reverting sunitinib-resistance development in in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo models. CONCLUSION: This work proposes a targeted therapy (elacridar and sunitinib) to re-sensitize sunitinib-resistant mccRCC and, possibly, slow disease progression.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/genética , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Sunitinibe/farmacologia , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/metabolismo
20.
Actas urol. esp ; 44(1): 27-33, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192788

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Sunitinib (SUN) y pazopanib (PAZ) son 2 inhibidores orales de la tirosina cinasa que actúan contra el factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular. Su eficacia y seguridad en el carcinoma de células renales metastásico se ha demostrado con estudios de fase III. Sin embargo, la evidencia real es escasa. El objetivo de este análisis es evaluar el beneficio clínico de SUN y PAZ en la práctica clínica habitual. MÉTODOS: Revisamos los registros médicos de 79 pacientes con carcinoma de células renales metastásico tratados con SUN (50 mg/día en el régimen 4/2) o PAZ (800 mg/día continuo). Los pacientes fueron evaluados retrospectivamente en 2 hospitales turcos entre 2006 y 2016. RESULTADOS: La mediana de edad de toda la cohorte fue de 60 (28-87) años y el 70% de ellos eran hombres. La tasa de respuesta objetiva y la tasa de control de la enfermedad en los grupos SUN/PAZ fueron 34/37% (p = 0,96) y 78/87% (p = 0,046), respectivamente. Con una mediana de seguimiento de 15 meses, las medianas de supervivencia libre de progresión y de supervivencia global en los grupos SUN/PAZ fueron de 8/8 meses (p = 0,83) y 22/21 meses (p = 0,53), respectivamente. La toxicidad común entre SUN vs. PAZ incluía fatiga (59 vs.74%), cambios en la piel (44 vs.44%), anemia (35 vs.42%), hipotiroidismo (37 vs.19%; p = 0,02) e hipertensión (33 vs.50%). En los pacientes tratados con SUN, la toxicidad total de grado 3-4 (número medio de eventos tóxicos por paciente) fue de 0,71, mientras que en los pacientes tratados con PAZ, la toxicidad total de grado 3-4 fue de 0,11 (p < 0,001). SUN se asoció con una mayor incidencia de fatiga de grado 3-4 (p = 0,007), anemia (p = 0,001) e hipotiroidismo, requiriendo tratamiento (p = 0,02). Fue necesario reducir la dosis en los grupos SUN y PAZ en el 49 y el 24% de los pacientes (p = 0,02), y el cese del tratamiento en el 37 y el 26% de los pacientes (p = 0,37), respectivamente. CONCLUSIONES: En nuestro estudio no hubo diferencias en términos de supervivencia entre los 2 agentes. Sin embargo, en los pacientes tratados con SUN se dieron más eventos adversos de grado 3-4, siendo necesaria la reducción de la dosis


INTRODUCTION: Sunitinib (SUN) and pazopanib (PAZ) are 2 oral tyrosine kinase inhibitors against vascular endothelial growth factor. Their efficacy and safety in metastatic renal cell carcinoma has been proven with phase III studies. However, real world data is limited. The objective of this study is to assess the clinical benefit of SUN and PAZ in routine practice. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 79 metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients treated with SUN (50 mg/day on 4/2-schedule) or PAZ (800 mg/day continuously). Patients were assessed retrospectively at 2 Turkish hospitals between 2006 and 2016. RESULTS: For the entire cohort median age of patients was 60 (28-87) years and 70% of them were male. The objective response rate and disease control rate in SUN/PAZ groups were 34/37% (P = .96) and 78/87% (P = .046), respectively. With a median follow up duration of 15 months, median progression-free survival and overall survival in SUN/PAZ groups were 8/8 months (P = .83) and 22/21 months (P = .53), respectively. The common all grade toxicities for SUN vs. PAZ were fatigue (59 vs.74%), skin changes (44 vs.44%), anemia (35 vs.42%), hypothyroidism (37 vs.19%; P = .02) and hypertension (33 vs.50%). In patients treated with SUN, total grade 3-4 toxicities (mean number of toxic events per patients) were 0.71, whereas in patients treated with PAZ, total grade 3-4 toxicities were 0.11 (P < .001). SUN was associated with an increased incidence of grade 3-4 fatigue (P = .007), anemia (P = .001) and hypothyroidism that needed therapy (P = .02). Dose reduction in 49 and 24% of patients (P = .02), and treatment cessation in 37 and 26% of patients (P = .37) were required in the SUN and PAZ groups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, there was no difference in terms of survival outcomes between 2 agents. However, patients treated with SUN had more grade 3-4 adverse events which prompted dose reduction


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Sunitinibe/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Metástase Neoplásica , Resultado do Tratamento , Análise de Sobrevida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia
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