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1.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124571, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472351

RESUMO

Rhodococcus exhibits strong adaptability to environmental stressors and plays a crucial role in environmental bioremediation. However, seasonal changes in ambient temperature, especially rapid temperature drops exert an adverse effect on in situ bioremediation. In this paper, we studied the cell morphology and fatty acid composition of an aniline-degrading strain Rhodococcus sp. CNS16 at temperatures of 30 °C, 20 °C, and 10 °C. At suboptimal temperatures, cell morphology of CNS16 changed from short rod-shaped to long rod or irregular shaped, and the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids was upregulated. Transcriptomic technologies were then utilized to gain detailed insights into the adaptive mechanisms of CNS16 subjected to suboptimal temperatures. The results showed that the number of gene responses was significantly higher at 10 °C than that at 20 °C. The inhibition of peptidoglycan synthase expression and up-regulation of Filamentous Temperature Sensitive as well as unsaturated fatty acid synthesis genes at suboptimal temperatures might be closely related to corresponding changes in cell morphology and fatty acids composition. Strain CNS16 showed loss of catalase and superoxide dismutase activity, and utilized thioredoxin-dependent thiol peroxidase to resist oxidative stress. The up-regulation of carotenoid and Vitamin B2 synthesis at 10 °C might also be involved in the resistance to oxidative stress. Amino acid metabolism, coenzyme and vitamin metabolism, ABC transport, and energy metabolism are essential for peptidoglycan synthesis and regulation of cellular metabolism; therefore, synergistically resisting environmental stress. This study provides a mechanistic basis for the regulation of aniline degradation in Rhodococcus sp. CNS16 at low temperatures.


Assuntos
Aclimatação/fisiologia , Compostos de Anilina/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Peptidoglicano/biossíntese , Rhodococcus/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Catalase/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Proteínas de Ligação às Penicilinas/biossíntese , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Rhodococcus/genética , Estações do Ano , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
2.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124668, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494325

RESUMO

Nitrite is one of major environmental pollutants that can impact immunological parameters in aquatic organisms. In the present study, we investigated the effects of nitrite exposure on oxidative stress, DNA damage and apoptosis in mud crab (Scylla paramamosain). Mud crab were exposed to 0, 5, 10 and 15 mg L-1 nitrite for 72 h. These data showed that acid phosphatase (ACP) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity significantly decreased in treatments with various concentrations of nitrite (5, 10 and 15 mg L-1) after 24 and 48 h, while the levels of nitric oxide (NO) significantly increased in these treatments. Nitrite exposure could suppress superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activity, and increase the formation of malondialdehyde (MDA) after 48 and 72 h of exposure. In addition, nitrite exposure decreased total haemocyte counts after 48 and 72 h of exposure. Cytological damage, DNA damage and apoptosis was observed obviously at 72 h after nitrite exposure. Moreover, nitrite exposure significantly induced the mRNA levels of phosphorylated Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK), and eventually activated p53 signaling and caspase-3. These results indicated that nitrite exposure could induce oxidative stress, which further caused DNA damage and apoptosis in mud crab. Our results will be helpful to understand the mechanism of nitrite toxicity on crustaceans.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Braquiúros/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA/genética , Nitritos/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Fosfatase Ácida/metabolismo , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Braquiúros/genética , Catalase/metabolismo , Hemócitos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
3.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124930, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574440

RESUMO

The adverse industrial activities discharged contaminated wastewater directly into the water bodies that contain toxic substances such as heavy metals. The contours use of marble industrial effluents may affect the fertility of soil and crop growth. The present study was conducted to investigate the toxic effects of marble industrial effluents (M.E) on Zea mays L under the exogenous application of citric acid (CA) with different combinations such as marble industrial effluent (0, 30%, 60%, 100%) diluted with distilled water and CA (10 mM). The results showed significant decrease in the growth of Zea mays with increasing concentration of marble industrial effluent. The maximum reduction in plant height, root length, number of leaves, leaf area and fresh and dry biomass was observed at the application of 100% M.E as compared to control. Similar to growth conditions the photosynthetic machinery and the activities of antioxidant enzymes (Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Peroxidases (POD), Catalases (CAT), Ascorbate peroxidase (APX)) was also decreased with increasing concentration of M.E. The application of CA significantly alleviated the M.E induced toxic effect on Zea mays and ameliorated the growth, biomass, photosynthesis and antioxidant enzymes activities by reducing the production of reactive oxygen species. The C.A application also enhanced the heavy metal content such as chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), Zinc (Zn) in different parts of Zea mays. The results concluded that the Zea mays tolerant varieties can be a potential candidate for the M.E irrigated soil and might be suitable for the phyto-extraction of Cr, Cd and Zn.


Assuntos
Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Solo/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Zea mays/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Ascorbato Peroxidases/metabolismo , Biomassa , Cádmio/análise , Catalase/metabolismo , Cromo/análise , Ácido Cítrico/química , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
4.
Food Chem ; 306: 125626, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627083

RESUMO

The effect of glycine betaine (GB) on chilling injury (CI)-induced pericarp browning in 'Nanguo' pears was investigated during shelf life at 20 °C after storage at 0 °C for 120 d. GB treatment alleviated the severity of browning in 'Nanguo' pears as represented by lower browning index (BI) and browning incidence. Membrane lipid peroxidation in GB-treated fruit was lower than that in the control, and membrane integrity was maintained in good condition. The activities and expression of ascorbate peroxidase (APX), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were higher in GB-treated fruit than in control fruit. Furthermore, significantly higher proline content, proline synthesis key enzyme activities, and gene expression were observed in the treated fruit, including ornithine d-aminotransferase (OAT) and Δ1-pyrroline-5-carbox-ylate synthetase (P5CS), which were consistent with the browning tendency. In a nutshell, GB treatment can effectively alleviate pericarp browning of cold-stored 'Nanguo' pears by regulating antioxidant enzymes and proline metabolism.


Assuntos
Betaína/farmacologia , Glicina/farmacologia , Pyrus/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Frutas/metabolismo , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Pyrus/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 698: 134106, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505350

RESUMO

Chronic exposure to cadmium (Cd) can cause renal dysfunction. Studies of animals, cell cultures, and plants have found that selenium (Se) can effectively alleviate the hazard generated by Cd, but there has been little study of this in general human populations. This study recruited 313 subjects from China's Hubei Province, including 160 living in areas with high soil Cd and Se (exposure group) and 153 living in clean areas (control group). The levels of the following were detected: Cd and Se in blood (B-Cd and B-Se), urine (U-Cd and U-Se), and hair (H-Cd and H-Se); N-acetyl-ß-D-glucosaminidase (U-NAG), ß2-microglobulin (U-ß2-MG), and albumin (U-ALB) in urine; and malondialdehyde (S-MDA), superoxide dismutase (S-SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (S-GSH-Px) in serum. In addition, the interactions between Cd and Se were assessed. The median levels of B-Cd, B-Se, U-Cd, U-Se, H-Cd, H-Se, S-MDA, and S-GSH-Px of exposure group (2.60 ng/mL, 238.90 ng/mL, 3.13 µg/g Cr, 45.43 µg/g Cr, 0.06 µg/g, 0.70 µg/g, 5.22 nmol/mL, and 308.89 U, respectively) were significantly higher than of controls (0.95 ng/mL, 130.50 ng/mL, 1.08 µg/g Cr, 30.51 µg/g Cr, 0.04 µg/g, 0.49 µg/g, 4.71 nmol/mL, and 267.54 U, respectively), but there were no significant differences in U-NAG, U-ß2-MG, U-ALB, or S-SOD between the two groups. U-NAG levels were significantly negatively associated with the interaction between Cd and Se (B: -0.511, 95% CI: -0.886, -0.136). Additionally, changes in the direction of the estimated regression coefficient in the low and high H-Se groups were observed for U-Cd and S-MDA (from 0.018 to -0.090), U-Cd and S-GSH-Px (from -0.039 to 0.101). This study found that populations living in areas with high levels of soil Cd and Se did not show greater Cd-induced renal tubular and glomerular injuries than the control population, which could attribute to the protective effects of Se. The protective effects may be related to the peculiar function of Se that Se can combine with free Cd to activate the antioxidant enzyme system.


Assuntos
Cádmio/análise , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Selênio/análise , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Acetilglucosaminidase/metabolismo , Antioxidantes , Cádmio/metabolismo , China/epidemiologia , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Humanos , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/metabolismo , Selênio/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Microglobulina beta-2/metabolismo
6.
Food Chem ; 305: 125483, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610420

RESUMO

Kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa cv. Jinkui) were treated with 0.1 mmol/L methyl jasmonate (MeJA) to investigate the effects on disease resistance to soft rot caused by Botryosphaeria dothidea. The results showed that MeJA treatment significantly reduced the diameter of lesions after inoculation with B. dothidea. This treatment significantly enhanced the activities of related antioxidant protective enzymes, defence-related enzymes including catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), superoxide dismutase (SOD), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), chitinase (CHI), ß-1,3 glucanase (GLU) and increased the accumulation of total phenolic content, while the degree of membrane lipid peroxidation was reduced. MeJA treatment effectively enhanced gene expression of AcPOD, AcSOD, AcCHI and AcGLU. The results from this research suggest that MeJA treatment is a promising and safe strategy for controlling postharvest rot soft of kiwifruit.


Assuntos
Acetatos/farmacologia , Actinidia/microbiologia , Ascomicetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclopentanos/farmacologia , Resistência à Doença/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxilipinas/farmacologia , Actinidia/química , Actinidia/metabolismo , Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Quitinases/genética , Quitinases/metabolismo , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Frutas/microbiologia , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/genética , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Fenóis/análise , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 92-101, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oyster polypeptides have various biofunctions, such as anti-cancer and anti-oxidative stress, but whether it has the protective effects to primary ovarian failure (POF) remains poorly understand. To address this issue, daily gavage of oyster polypeptides was performed to investigate their protective effect, basing on d-galactose-induced POF model in C57BL/6 female mice. RESULTS: Oyster polypeptides restored the irregular estrous cycles and the abnormal serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and progesterone (P) levels as well as the decreased mRNA expression level of Amh that were induced by d-galactose. The follicle development of POF mice was improved by increasing the primordial follicle ratio and decreasing the atretic follicle number after oral administration of oyster polypeptides. Moreover, in the oyster polypeptides treated mice, the total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity was significantly increased, while the malondialdehyde levels were significantly decreased. The mRNA expression levels of stress-related genes (SOD2, SIRT1 and FOXO3a) were remarkably up-regulated after d-galactose induction, but the up-regulation was weakened or disappeared by the gavage of oyster polypeptides. In addition, oyster polypeptides treatment also reduced the apoptosis of the ovarian granulosa cells and down-regulated the mRNA expression levels of apoptosis-related genes (p53 and Bad but not Bcl-2). CONCLUSION: This study reveals that oyster polypeptides may protect ovary against d-galactose-induced POF by their anti-oxidative stress activity to rescue d-galactose-induced ovarian oxidative damage and therefore to prevent ovarian cells apoptosis, thereby tipping the abnormality trigged by POF to get close to the normal levels. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Ostreidae/química , Peptídeos/administração & dosagem , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Galactose/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hormônio Luteinizante/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/genética , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/metabolismo , Progesterona/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
8.
Food Chem ; 308: 125663, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655474

RESUMO

Apple exocarp was used to investigate the effect of acibenzolar-S-methyl (ASM) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) treatments on reaction oxygen species (ROS) metabolism. The results indicated that ASM enhanced the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR), glutathione reductase (GR) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH). ASM also increased the contents of ascorbic acid (AsA), reduced glutathione (GSH) and nicotinamide ademine dinucleotidephosphate (NADPH), MdSOD and MdAPX expression, but decreased MdMDHAR and dehydroascorbate reductase (MdDHAR) expression. DHEA suppressed H2O2 accumulation and POD, APX, MDHAR, G6PDH activities, but increased SOD, CAT and GR activities compared to the control. ASM and DHEA treatments suppressed the contents of AsA, GSH and NADPH, and expression of MdSOD, MdAPX and MdMDHAR. These results suggest that DHEA treatment prevented ROS metabolism induced by ASM which showed the important role of G6PDH in maintaining redox homeostasis in apple exocarp.


Assuntos
Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Malus/enzimologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ascorbato Peroxidases/metabolismo , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Redutase/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , NADH NADPH Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Tiadiazóis/metabolismo
9.
Food Chem ; 307: 125515, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648177

RESUMO

This study evaluated the polyphenol profile and the antioxidative properties of Plinia trunciflora (O. Berg) Kausel fruits. Folin-Ciocalteau and pH-jumping methods indicated that these berries are a major source of antioxidant polyphenols (1201.05 mg GAE/100 g FW), particularly anthocyanins. HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS analysis identified cyanidine glycosides as the main components. Flavon-3-ols and hydrolysable-tannins were also found. CAA assay showed that extracts of P. trunciflora fruits prevent lipid peroxidation in HepG2 cells with higher efficacy than other colourful fruits (CAA50 935.25 mg FW/mL cell medium). Moreover, our results suggested that the observed antioxidant protection involve both redox active properties of P. trunciflora components, as measured by ABTS, DPPH and FRAP assays, and upregulation of the genes coding for the antioxidant enzymes MnSOD and GPx, as evaluated by qRT-PCR. Collectively, our data provided evidence on the potential of P. trunciflora fruit as a very rich source of natural antioxidant molecules.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Myrtaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Myrtaceae/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polifenóis/análise , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124902, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563721

RESUMO

Eisenia fetida earthworm is an ecotoxicologically important test species to monitor various pollutants. However, there is a little knowledge about the effects of cadmium (Cd) on earthworms at the transcriptional level. Firstly, we exposed E. fetida to soils supplemented with different concentrations (10, 30, 60 mg/kg soil) of Cd. Moreover, we depicted the characterization of gene expressions with E. fetida using high-throughput profiling of gene expression. In addition, a comparison of the gene expression profiles between each Cd treatment group and the control group suggested that differential expressional genes (DEGs) mainly enriched in enzyme activity, metabolism, oxidative stress, regeneration and apoptosis pathways. 8 DEGs from these pathways had been selected randomly to confirm the data of RNA-seq. Among these DEGs, six genes (metallothionein-2, phytochelatin synthase 1a, CuZn superoxide dismutase, sex determining region Y-box 2, sex determining region Y-box 4b, TP53-regulated inhibitor of apoptosis 1-like) up-regulated and 2 genes (beta-1,4-endoglucanase, apoptosis-stimulating of p53 protein 2-like) down-regulated in response to Cd exposure. The alteration of them indicated that earthworms could reduce the toxicity and bioavailability of Cd in polluted soil ecosystems through different pathways. This work lays an important foundation for linking earthworm transcriptional level with the ecological risk of Cd in soil ecosystem.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Oligoquetos/fisiologia , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Aminoaciltransferases , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Cádmio/análise , Ecossistema , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Metalotioneína/genética , Metalotioneína/metabolismo , Oligoquetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oligoquetos/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
11.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(4): 289-292, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701707

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects of Sestrin2 protein on lung epithelial Beas-2B cells in the heat-exposure environment and its mechanism. METHODS: Lung epithelial Beas-2B cells were cultured at 37℃, 39℃, 40℃ and 41℃ respectively. Cells were harvested at different times (0, 3, 6 and 12 h) after pancreatin digestion. The expressions of Sestrin2, superoxide dismutase(SOD), reactive oxygen species(ROS), cell mitochondrial membrane potential and apoptosis rate of cells were detected by Western blot, fluorescence spectrophotometer and flow cytometry, respectively. Gene expression sequence was cloned into high expression plasmid pcDNA3.1+. Beas-2B cells were transfected by Lipfectamine 2000 to construct Sestrin2 and SOD high expression cells. The changes of mitochondrial membrane potential and cell apoptosis were observed in the Sestrin2 and SOD high expression cells. RESULTS: With the increase of temperature, the expression level of Sestrin2 protein in heat treatment group was decreased compared with the control group. When Beas-2B cells were exposed to 41℃, the ROS level was increased, mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased significantly and apoptosis rate was increased at different time points. After high expression of Sestrin2 and SOD in the Beas-2B cells, the expression level of ROS was decreased and the change tendency of mitochondrial membrane potential was decreased, and the apoptosis rate was reduced at 41℃ exposure. CONCLUSION: Sestrin2 can alleviate the apoptosis of lung epithelial cells induced by heat exposure through mitochondrial membrane potential and SOD, which has protective effect on lung epithelial Beas-2B cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Temperatura Alta , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Transfecção
12.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(5): 851-864, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The growth promoting effect of lysine and betaine as well as the expression of candidate genes reflecting their efficacy, such as ghrelin, leptin, Growth Hormone Secretagogue Receptor (GHS-R), Insulin like Growth Factor (IGF- 1) and Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH) was examined in Labeo rohita fingerlings. METHODS: One hundred eighty healthy juveniles from a homologous population were randomly distributed to 15 rectangular tanks of 150 litres capacity. The experiment was carried out for 60 days with five treatment groups consisting T1 (0.25% Betaine), T2 (0.5% Betaine), T3 (0.75% Lysine) and T4 (1.5% Lysine) and control group. The experiment was carried out for 60 days with five treatment groups consisting T1 (0.25% Betaine), T2 (0.5% Betaine), T3 (0.75% Lysine) and T4 (1.5% Lysine) and control group. At the end of trial, the growth parameters such as weight gain, SGR, PER were estimated from the weight of the triplicate groups. The digestive, metabolic and antioxidant enzymes were analysed using spectrophotometric methods. The intestine, brain and liver were sampled from the treatments and expression of different genes ghrelin, leptin, GHSR, IGF-1 and GHRH was also performed by realtime PCR. RESULTS: A significant (P<0.05) increase in weight gain, SGR, PER and lowest FCR was found in T4 group which was significantly (p < 0.05) different from other experimental groups. The highest mRNA expression levels of expression were found in T4 group which was similar to that of ghrelin gene mRNA of T2 group. The significantly (p<0.05) highest GHSR, GHRH and IGF-1 gene expression levels were found in T4 treatment group compared to other groups. CONCLUSION: The present study reveals that the lysine and betaine stimulate growth and expression of ghrelin GHRH, GHS-R and IGF-1 genes. The increase of IGF-I mRNA expression with lysine and betaine supplementation revealed that these compounds act as growth modulators. However, lysine was found to be a more potent modulator of growth compared to betaine.


Assuntos
Betaína/farmacologia , Cyprinidae/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Lisina/farmacologia , Ração Animal , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Cyprinidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Grelina/genética , Grelina/metabolismo , Hormônio Liberador de Hormônio do Crescimento/genética , Hormônio Liberador de Hormônio do Crescimento/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Leptina/genética , Leptina/metabolismo , Fígado/enzimologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Receptores de Grelina/genética , Receptores de Grelina/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
13.
Biomed Khim ; 65(5): 398-402, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666412

RESUMO

The experimental study of the cardioprotective effect of uridine, the metabolic precursor of the endogenous activator of mitochondrial ATP-dependent K+-channels (mitoKATP-channels), was performed using the model of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/RP) in rats. Ischemia for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min resulted in a significant decrease in ATP and phosphocreatine (PC) content, intensification of lipid peroxidation (LPO), and inhibition of the antioxidant system (AOS) in cardiomyocytes. Uridine in a dose of 30 mg/kg, administered intravenously prior to reperfusion, had a protective effect on myocardial metabolism in the I/RP zone. It prevented the decrease of ATP and PC, limited the LPO processes, evaluated by the content of lipid hydroperoxides and conjugated dienes, and improved the AOS state by, preventing the decrease of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and increasing the content of reduced glutathione (GSH). The mitoKATP-channel blocker 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD, 5 mg/kg) eliminated the ability of uridine to maintain the ATP level and to exhibit its positive effect on the intensity of the LPO and activity of AOS. The obtained data allow us to conclude that activation of mitoKATP-channels play an important role in the mechanism of the cardioprotective effect of uridine in I/RP damage of myocardium.


Assuntos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Uridina/farmacologia , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ácidos Decanoicos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Hidroxiácidos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Miocárdio , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
14.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(10): 594-598, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31742951

RESUMO

Degenerative-dystrophic processes in the articular tissues are accompanied by the changes in the values of congenital immunity, being a result of immune responses to aseptic inflammation. The purpose of this study - to investigate the oxygen-dependent mechanisms of neutrophil phagocytic activity (NBT-test, myeloperoxidase activity), the biochemical values of lipid peroxidation, the oxidative modification of proteins and the activity of enzyme antioxidant protection in children (at the age of 12-16 years) with osteochondropathy of the femoral head.The increase in spontaneous NBT-test and myeloperoxidase content in neutrophils, the decrease in NBT stimulation index, as well as the statistically significant increase in the activity of superoxide dismutase, the main producer of hydroperoxide, was revealed in the group examined. At the same time, no increase in catalase activity and in the content of lipoperoxidation products was observed, however, redistribution of the products of oxidative modification of proteins with ketone predominance was found. In case of osteochondropathy development in children the activation of the oxygendependent mechanisms of neutrophil phagocytic activity is observed, as well as the increase in the number of the secondary products of protein peroxidation - ketones. An increase in SOD activity, with a simultaneous and significant decrease in catalase activity evidence of accumulation of hydroperoxide causing neutrophil activation and chemotaxis. The study data can be used for predicting osteonecrosis development as additional criteria when decision-making of the advisability of performing reconstructive surgeries of the joint.


Assuntos
Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/fisiopatologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Oxigênio , Adolescente , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Criança , Humanos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Neutrófilos/enzimologia , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
15.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(5): 805-812, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression profiling of circRNAs in ulcerative colitis(UC) and then determine the significantly changed circRNA and its influences on intestinal epithelial barrier. METHODS: In this study, we selected 5 pairs of inflamed and normal colorectal mucosa tissues from UC patients to perform circRNAs microarray and identified the differentially expressed circRNAs in the UC inflamed colorectal mucosa tissues, and quantitative real-time PCR was used to identify the expression change of circ-SOD2 in 30 UC patients' inflamed and normal colorectal mucosa tissues. We detected the expression of circ-SOD2 in Caco2 and NCM460 cells after being treated with inflammatory factors (LPS, TNF-α, IL1-ß). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to determine the cellular location of circ-SOD2 in the UC colorectal mucosal tissues. The circ-SOD2 overexpression vector was constructed and produced and then transfected into Caco2 cells to examine the cells' trans-epithelial electrical resistance (TEER), permeability of FITC-dextran and the alterations of epithelial barrier related molecules. RESULTS: We found 264 circRNAs (111 increased and 153 decreased) differentially expressed in the inflamed colon mucosa compared with normal colon mucosa using a P-value <0.05 and a >1.5-fold change cutoff. To validate the circRNA microarray results, we selected some circRNAs to perform qRT-PCR based on the following criteria: (1) circRNAs raw data >100 in each sample, (2) fold-change >2, (3) P<0.05. We identified 10 dysregulated circRNA, among them, circ-SOD2 was upregulated with maximum fold-change in the UC inflamed colorectal mucosa tissues. Then we identified circ-SOD2 was upregulated significantly through quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in expanded 30 paired colorectal mucosa tissues(P<0.001). After treatments with LPS, TNF-α and IL1-ß, circ-SOD2 was upregulated in Caco2 and NCM460 cells at different points from 1 to 7 h. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) indicated that circ-SOD2 located in intestinal epithelium mostly and few in mesenchyme and inflammatory cells. The overexpression of circ-SOD2 in Caco2 cells resulted in a decrease of transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER), an increase of the FITC-dextran permeability and the downregulation of epithelial barrier related molecule CLDN-8 (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The dysregulation of circRNAs existed in UC inflamed colorectal mucosa, among which, the upregulated circ-SOD2 weakened the intestinal epithelial barrier and thus might promote the occurrence of ulcerative colitis.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , RNA , Superóxido Dismutase/genética
16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(92): 13820-13823, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664274

RESUMO

A supramolecular nanocapsule was constructed by the ternary host-guest complexation of azobenzene (Azo) and methylviologen (MV) to cucurbit[8]uril (CB[8]) and the subsequent self-assembly. The supramolecular nanocapsule with both glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities can mimic the intracellular enzymatic reactive oxygen species (ROS) defense system.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos com Pontes/química , Imidazóis/química , Nanocápsulas/química , Células 3T3 , Animais , Compostos Azo/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/metabolismo , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa Peroxidase/química , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Camundongos , Microscopia Confocal , Nanocápsulas/toxicidade , Paraquat/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/química , Superóxido Dismutase/química , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
17.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(3): 317-322, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631596

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the molecular mechanism of ventilation induced lung injury (VILI) formation based on Keap1/Nfr2/ARE signaling pathway. Methods: The VILI model was established by excessive mechanical ventilation in SD rats. HE staining was used to detect the pathological changes of lung tissue in the control group, normal tidal volume (VT) group and large VT group (VT 40 mL/kg). The wet weight of lung tissue was detected in each group. Dry weight (W/D) ratio change; BCA method was used to detect the changes of total protein in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of each group; ELISA was used to detect interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and leukocyte in BALF and serum of each group. The content of 8-OHdG in the lung tissue was detected by IL-8 and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the lung tissue was detected by TBA method. The NLRP3, ASC and caspase-1 proteins in macrophages were detected by Western blot. The changes of Keap1 and Nrf2 proteins in lung tissues were detected by RT-PCR. The expressions of SOD mRNA and HO-1 mRNA in lung tissues of each group were detected by RT-PCR. Results: Excessive mechanical ventilation could damage lung tissue, leading to alveolar rupture, inflammatory cell infiltration and erythrocytosis. Compared with the control group and normal VT group, the W/D value, 8-OHdG and MDA content in the large VT group, and total BALF, the contents of IL-1ß and IL-18 in protein, IL-1ß, IL-18 in serum increased significantly ( P<0.05). Compared with the control group and normal VT group, NLRP3, ASC, in macrophage of large VT group, the content of Keap1 protein in caspase-1 protein and lung tissue increased significantly ( P<0.05). The expression of Nrf2 protein, SOD mRNA and HO-1 mRNA in lung tissue decreased significantly. Conclusions: Large VT ventilation can cause acute inflammatory injury in lung tissue and lead to the occurrence of VILI. Inflammatory bodies of NLRP3 in alveolar macrophages are involved in this process, and the mechanism of NLRP3 inflammatory bodies is caused by hyperventilation in addition to mechanical injury. Decreased Keap1/Nrf2-ARE pathway inhibition and ROS clearance may also cause macrophage production of NLRP3 inflammatory bodies.


Assuntos
Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/metabolismo , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/citologia , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante)/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/análise , Interleucina-1beta/análise , Pulmão , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(45): 12348-12356, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638788

RESUMO

Carbosulfan is a carbamate insecticide that has been widely used in agriculture. However, studies showed that carbosulfan could be highly toxic to aquatic organisms. The metabolism of carbosulfan in adult zebrafish is still largely unexplored, and the metabolites in individual or in combination may pose a potential threat to zebrafish. In the present study, the bioaccumulation and metabolism of carbosulfan in zebrafish (Danio rerio) were assessed, and the main metabolites, including carbofuran and 3-hydroxycarbofuran, were determined. The toxicity of carbosulfan and its metabolites individually or in combination to zebrafish was also investigated. The bioaccumulation and metabolism experiment indicated that carbosulfan was not highly accumulated in zebrafish, with a bioaccumulation factor of 18 after being exposed to carbosulfan for 15 days, and the metabolism was fast, with a half-life of 1.63 d. The two main metabolites were relatively persistent, with half-lives of 3.33 and 5.68 d for carbofuran and 3-hydroxycarbofuran, respectively. The acute toxicity assay showed that carbofuran and 3-hydroxycarbofuran had 96-h LC50 values of 0.15 and 0.36 mg/L, showing them to be more toxic than carbosulfan (96-h LC50 = 0.53 mg/L). Combinations of binary or ternary mixtures of carbosulfan and its metabolites displayed coincident synergistic effects on acute toxicity, with additive index (AI) values of 1.9-14.3. In the livers and gills of zebrafish exposed to carbosulfan, carbofuran, and 3-hydroxycarbofuran, activities of catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione-S-transferase were significantly changed in most cases, and the content of malondialdehyde was greatly increased, indicating that carbosulfan and its metabolites induced varying degrees of oxidative stress. The metabolites were more persistent and toxic to zebrafish and exhibit coincident synergistic effects in combination. These results can provide evidence for the potential risk of pesticides and highlight the importance of a systematic assessment for the combination of the precursor and its metabolites.


Assuntos
Carbamatos/metabolismo , Carbamatos/toxicidade , Inseticidas/metabolismo , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Carbofurano/análogos & derivados , Carbofurano/metabolismo , Carbofurano/toxicidade , Catalase , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo , Dose Letal Mediana , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/genética , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
19.
Hypertension ; 74(4): 957-966, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476900

RESUMO

Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a failure of pulmonary vascular resistance to decline at birth rapidly. One principal mechanism implicated in PPHN development is mitochondrial oxidative stress. Expression and activity of mitochondrial SOD2 (superoxide dismutase) are decreased in PPHN; however, the mechanism remains unknown. Recently, OLA1 (Obg-like ATPase-1) was shown to act as a critical regulator of proteins controlling cell response to stress including Hsp70, an obligate chaperone for SOD2. Here, we investigated whether OLA1 is causally linked to PPHN. Compared with controls, SOD2 expression is reduced in distal-pulmonary arteries (PAs) from patients with PPHN and fetal-lamb models. Disruptions of the SOD2 gene reproduced PPHN phenotypes, manifested by elevated right ventricular systolic pressure, PA-endothelial cells apoptosis, and PA-smooth muscle cells proliferation. Analyses of SOD2 protein dynamics revealed higher ubiquitinated-SOD2 protein levels in PPHN-lambs, suggesting dysregulated protein ubiquitination. OLA1 controls multiple proteostatic mechanisms and is overexpressed in response to stress. We demonstrated that OLA1 acts as a molecular chaperone, and its activity is induced by stress. Strikingly, OLA1 expression is decreased in distal-PAs from PPHN-patients and fetal-lambs. OLA1 deficiency enhanced CHIP affinity for Hsp70-SOD2 complexes, facilitating SOD2 degradation. Consequently, mitochondrial H2O2 formation is impaired, leading to XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis) overexpression that suppresses caspase activity in PA-smooth muscle cells, allowing them to survive and proliferate, contributing to PA remodeling. In-vivo, ola1-/- downregulated SOD2 expression, induced distal-PA remodeling, and right ventricular hypertrophy. We conclude that decreased OLA1 expression accounts for SOD2 downregulation and, therefore, a therapeutic target in PPHN treatments.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Síndrome da Persistência do Padrão de Circulação Fetal/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ovinos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/metabolismo
20.
Aquat Toxicol ; 215: 105284, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479758

RESUMO

Metal pollution in the environment is a serious threat to the biological sustainability of coastal ecosystems. However, our current understanding of the biological effects of metals in these ecosystems is limited. Herein, we investigated the responses of the sea slug Onchidium reevesii to persistent sublethal Cd environmental stress. Dynamic expression was analyzed using various biomarkers. The full-length cDNA of O. reevesii metallothionein (MT) was cloned and consists of 1639 nucleotides encoding a 65 amino acid polypeptide. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Or-MT has conserved Cys residues typical of MTs, including a typical Cys-X-Cys motif, implying that it can function the same as the MT of other shellfish. Expression of Or-MT in response to Cd varied in different tissues, and was highest in gastropod tissues. Thus, regiotemporal expression of MT may be useful for assessing pollution in coastal areas. Cellular immunity (in the hemolymph) and enzyme activity (in the hepatopancreas) were investigated along with hemocyte viability, hemocyte phagocytosis, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities. Hemocyte viability was elevated under continuous Cd exposure but hemocyte phagocytosis was decreased. SOD and AST activities in the hepatopancreas fluctuated considerably, and SOD activity was more sensitive. SOD activity was lowest at 4 h and highest at 12 h, while AST activity peaked at 2 h and was lowest at 48 h. Thus, changes in enzyme activity may reveal adaptation to stress. Furthermore, the response patterns of certain enzymes, cellular immunity, and MT expression in O. reevesii could serve as biomarkers of Cd pollution in aquatic environments.


Assuntos
Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Gastrópodes/metabolismo , Hemócitos/metabolismo , Metalotioneína/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Exposição Ambiental , Gastrópodes/química , Gastrópodes/efeitos dos fármacos , Gastrópodes/genética , Hemócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Filogenia , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
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