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2.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(1): 125-132, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33223373

RESUMO

The purpose of this clinical report is to illustrate an innovative treatment plan for a patient with Class III malocclusion. The plan combined the versatility of computer-aided design and manufacturing technology with miniscrews. Maxillary and mandibular fully customized metal framework anchored to 4 miniscrews was digitally designed and constructed for a growing patient with midface hypoplasia and a skeletal Class III malocclusion. The patient wore Class III elastics between hooks on the maxillary and mandibular frameworks full time for 10 months. Overcorrection was obtained with limited dental side effects, and a significant improvement of the profile was achieved. With the advantages of computer-aided design and manufacturing technology and less invasive insertion procedure compared with miniplate surgery, this patient-specific treatment approach was simple and effective.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Cefalometria , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Humanos , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III/terapia , Mandíbula , Maxila/cirurgia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina
3.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 79(1): 213-224, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422194

RESUMO

PURPOSE: For surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARPE), studies comparing different devices are missing. The aim was to evaluate expansion, relapse, and the complication rates for 3 different appliances. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, tooth-borne (TB, n = 29), bone-borne (BB, n = 12), or orthodontic mini-implant (OMI)-borne (n = 13) appliances were used for SARPE in 2 clinical centers. Patients presenting with a maxillary width discrepancy greater than 5 mm were included. Measurements of cast models and radiographs were performed preoperatively, immediately after consolidation, and at 1 year postoperatively. All distances were measured between canines, premolars, and molars. Complications (tooth damage, infection, technical failure) were evaluated. The outcome variables were expansion, relapse, and complications. Type of appliance was selected as predictor variable. Within- and between-group differences regarding expansion, relapse, and complications for the 3 appliances were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: In 54 patients (aged 28.8 ± 8.6 years), mean expansion (±standard deviation) for the TB, BB, and OMI appliances immediately after consolidation was 5.29 ± 1.39 mm, 5.22 ± 1.72 mm, and 3.81 ± 2.19 mm, respectively, at the dental level, and 5.51 ± 1.40 mm, 4.66 ± 2.03 mm, and 3.51 ± 1.66 mm, respectively, at the bone level. Mean (±standard deviation) relapse for the TB, BB, and OMI appliances at 1 year postoperatively measured 1.44 ± 1.01 mm, 0.76 ± 1.37 mm, and 0.27 ± 1.63 mm, respectively, at the tooth level and 1.19 ± 0.93 mm, 0.71 ± 0.96 mm, and 0.12 ± 1.56 mm, respectively, at the bone level. Analysis of variance and the Tukey test showed significant differences between the TB and OMI appliances for expansion and relapse (P = .034 and P = .024, respectively). The overall complication rate differed significantly (P < .001), with rates of 17.2%, 66.7%, and 15.4% for the TB, BB, and OMI appliances, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: BB and OMI appliances resulted in less relapse. Owing to the high complication rate, the further use of BB appliances is questionable.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Adulto , Humanos , Maxila , Aparelhos Ortodônticos/efeitos adversos , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(1): 71-80, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234461

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion is a widely used surgical procedure for resolving transverse maxillary occlusal changes in patients with bone maturity. However, few studies about the postoperative morphologic alterations in the nasal cavity in its inferior portion and the nasal septum positioning exist. METHODS: The linear nasal septum measurements of 26 adult patients treated with surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion from 2009 to 2013 were assessed through a retrospective analysis of cone-beam computed tomographies, in Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine files, through the Dolphin Imaging program (Dolphin Imaging and Management Solutions, Chatsworth, Calif), aimed to identify significant changes during 3 time periods of the treatment: preoperative, immediately after the palatal expansion device locking (immediate postoperative), and 6-months postoperative (late postoperative). The analyses were performed in the inferior third of the nasal septum, from 4 equidistant points in anteroposterior position and height, using fixed cranial references for lateral measures of displacement. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between preoperative, immediate postoperative, and late postoperative measurements in the 4 fixed nasal septum measurements, applying the analysis of variance test with a significance level of 5%. Comparing the surgical times alone, we found no statistically significant difference between the right and left sides applying the Student t test, which also showed symmetry in the nasal septum. CONCLUSIONS: The measurements of the nasal septum did not change in the different surgical times throughout their inferior extension, and they remained symmetrical throughout patients' follow-up period.


Assuntos
Septo Nasal , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Adulto , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Maxila , Cavidade Nasal , Septo Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(6): 642-646, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377340

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the comprehensive impact of scar and maxillary expansion combined with protraction on the development of maxilla with cleft lip and palate after repair operation. METHODS: In the original finite element model of the maxilla with cleft palate, a finite element model of the maxilla with cleft lip and palate was established by using Boolean operation in ANSYS. Scar force after cleft lip and palate repair and maxillary expansion force combined with protraction were added simultaneously to process the stress analysis. RESULTS: Maxillary deformation occurred in the three-dimensional direction. The comparison of displacements was as follows: X-axis>Z-axis>Y-axis. CONCLUSIONS: Maxillary growth is significantly inhibited in the three-dimensional direction under the comprehensive impact of scar and maxillary expansion combined with protraction after repair operation, especially transverse and sagittal growth.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Cicatriz/patologia , Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Fissura Palatina/patologia , Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Maxila/patologia , Maxila/cirurgia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina
6.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(6): 459-463, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378471

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the mandibular dental arch and incisor alignment induced by combined bonded Rapid Maxillary Expansion (RME) and Face Mask (FM) therapy in the mixed dentition stage in which leeway space was used throughout the treatment. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study evaluates pretreatment (T0) and posttreatment (T1) cephalometric radiographs and orthodontic models of 25 patients (mean age: 10.75±2.64), in mixed dentition, having skeletal Class 3 anomaly (ANB<0) with maxillary retrognatism (SNA=77.2±0.68) and bilateral posterior crossbite treated with bonded Hyrax RME-FM. Mean treatment duration was 10.4 months. Dental model measurements were performed using the 3Shape OrthoAnalyzerTM 2013-1 program. Changes in the mandibular incisor and first molar positions were determined on cephalometric radiographs. Statistical evaluation was done with a paired t-test. RESULTS: A significant increase of 1.2 mm was found in intermolar width (p<0.001) in the mandibular dental arch. There was a significant decrease (1.4 mm) (p<0.001) in arch depth and an increase in arch length discrepancy (1.7mm)(p<0.01). There was a significant increase (0.8mm) (p<0.05) in the incisors' irregularity score (LII). IMPA showed a significant decrease (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Clinicians should be aware that mandibular crowding tends to increase during this type of combined therapy.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Máscaras , Adolescente , Cefalometria , Criança , Arco Dental/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentição Mista , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(4): 262-270, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33337900

RESUMO

AIM: The use of maxillary protraction appliances (MPAs) and Facemask (FM), with or without a rapid maxillary expansion (RME), have become a routine orthopaedic treatment procedure for the treatment of Class III in growing individuals; several authors have suggested that maxillary protraction could have a positive impact on airway dimensions. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of maxillary protraction appliances (MPAs), with or without a rapid maxillary expansion (RME), on airway dimensions in children in mixed or early permanent dentition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed on PubMed, Medline, Scopus, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE and the System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe until November 30th, 2019. The Newcastle-Ottawa (NOS) scale was used to assess the studies' quality. Review Manager 5.3 (provided by the Cochrane Collaboration) was used to synthesize the effects on airway dimensions. RESULTS: After full text assessment, 8 studies were included in the qualitative and quantitative synthesis. NOS scores ranged 6 to 9 indicating high quality. The effects of two therapeutic protocols were compared, treatment with MPAs only (113 subjects treated - 65 controls) and the treatment with MPAs + RME (137 subjects treated- 87 controls). The MPAs only treatment group displayed a significantly increase in nasopharyngeal airway dimension at PNS-AD1 (random: mean difference, 1.39 mm, 95% CI, 0.32 mm, 2.47 mm, p= 0.01) and at PNS-AD2 (random: mean difference, 1.70 mm, 95% CI, 1.14 mm, 2.26 mm, p= 0.00001). No statistically significant changes were found post treatment in MPAs + RME treatment groups at PNS-AD1 (P= 0.15), PNS-AD2 (P= 0.17), McNamara's upper pharynx (MPAs + RME P= 0.05, MPAs P= 0.99) and McNamara lower pharynx (MPAs + RME P= 0.25, MPAs P= 0.40). CONCLUSION: MPAs only treatment can increase the pharyngeal thickness after treatment both at PNS-A1 and PNS-AD2. MPA+ RME had no effect on sagittal widths compared with controls, but the effect on the transverse dimension could not be assessed.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe III , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Cefalometria , Criança , Europa (Continente) , Aparelhos de Tração Extrabucal , Humanos , Maxila
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 303, 2020 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A large number of articles in recent years studying the effects of non-surgically assisted tooth- versus bone-borne maxillary expanders in growing patients have found no significant differences in mid-palatal suture disjunction or even dentoalveolar changes. This suggests the need for new criteria and better use of current technology to make more effective devices and enhance the benefits of conventional treatments. This article describes a titanium grade V computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) maxillary expander supported by two miniscrews, along with a 3D printed surgical guide. METHODS: The first step was to obtain a digitized model of the patient's upper maxilla. To simplify the process and ensure the placement of the device in a high-quality bone area, the patients' digital dental cast was superimposed with a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan. Improved resistance to expansion forces was secured through the use of 2 mm-wide miniscrews, long enough for bicortical anchorage. Placement site and direction were assessed individually in order to achieve primary stability. We chose a site between the second premolars and first molars, while the inclination followed the natural contour of the palate vault. A 3D-printed, polyamide surgical guide was designed to ensure the correct placement of the device with a manual straight driver. RESULTS: Favorable clinical results were presented with 3D images. We confirmed a mid-palatal suture parallel separation of 3.63 mm, along with a higher palatal volume, as well as increased intercanine and intermolar distance. Segmentation of the facial soft tissue showed an expansion of nasal airways and changes in nasal morphology. CONCLUSIONS: Digital models, CBCT and CAD/CAM technology, are essential to accomplish the goals proposed in this article. Further studies are necessary to establish safer miniscrew placement sites and insertion angles so as to achieve greater in-treatment stability. Both the clinician and the patient can benefit from the use of current technology, creating new devices and updating traditional orthodontic procedures.


Assuntos
Maxila , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Tecnologia
9.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(5): 51-56, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206829

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nasal septum deviation (NSD) is the most common structural cause of nasal obstruction, affecting around 65-80% of the adult population. Rapid maxillary expansion (RME) is currently used for treatment of maxillary transverse deficiency, but can also influence nasal cavity geometry. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at evaluating the changes in NSD by using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans in pre-pubertal patients treated with RME. METHODS: This retrospective exploratory study evaluated 20 pre-pubertal patients (mean age 10 ± 2 years) who were treated for transverse maxillary constriction with RME and presented mild/moderate NSD as an incidental finding. The outcome measures were NSD tortuosity and area. These measures were obtained from transverse and coronal views of records taken before and after RME treatment. Intra-rater reliability was also assessed with intraclass correlation coefficient. RESULTS: NSD was mild in thirteen patients (65%) and moderate in seven (35%). NSD tortuosity index did not significantly change over time (mean difference 0.002 mm/year, 95% CI; p = 0.58). NSD area did not significantly change over time (mean difference 2.103 mm2/year, 95% CI; p = 0.38). Intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.73 (95% CI) for NSD tortuosity and 0.84 (95% CI) for NSD area. CONCLUSIONS: NSD tortuosity and area suggested potential changes in NSD with small clinical relevance in pre-pubertal patients who were treated with RME. Additional studies using CBCT scans in larger samples are required to clarify the role of RME in NSD treatment.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Criança , Humanos , Maxila , Cavidade Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Septo Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(11): 1624-1627, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221792

RESUMO

This report describes the successful use of two multifunctional mini-implants that were inserted into the palate in the treatment of an 18-year-old woman in whom the maxilla was skeletally narrowed and the molars have migrated mesially on both sides. Three different appliances were used in sequence in the course of treatment: first, an appliance supported by bone and teeth (hybrid hyrax) for surgically-assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME); second, a distalization device supported by mini-implants to achieve molar distalization; and third, a transpalatal arch (TPA) stabilized by mini-implants to allow indirect anchorage during retraction of the incisors. The mini-implants in the palate led to a reduction in the adverse effects of the SARME procedure and made treatment with cervical headgear unnecessary. TPA stabilized by the mini-implant was also used to retract the anterior teeth en masse, with no need for alterations in the treatment mechanism and using routine orthodontic methods.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Maxila/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/instrumentação , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Adolescente , Cefalometria/métodos , Constrição , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Dente Molar/patologia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Palato , Radiografia Dentária , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/instrumentação , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 42, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Micro-implant-assisted expanders have shown significant effects on the mid-face, including a degree of asymmetry. The aim of this study is to quantify the magnitude, parallelism, and asymmetry of this type of expansion in non-growing patients. METHODS: A retrospective study on a sample of 31 non-growing patients with an average age of 20.4 years old, with cone beam computed tomography images taken before and right after expansion using maxillary skeletal expander (MSE) were assessed for skeletal expansion at three landmarks bilaterally. RESULTS: Average magnitude of total expansion was 4.98 mm at the anterior nasal spine (ANS) and 4.77 mm at the posterior nasal spine (PNS) which showed statistical significance using a paired t test with p < 0.01. Average expansion at the PNS was 95% of that at the ANS. The sample was divided into symmetric (n = 15) and asymmetric (n = 16) based on the difference in expansion at the ANS, with 16 out of 31 patients exhibiting statistically significant asymmetry. CONCLUSIONS: MSE achieves distinctly parallel expansion in the sagittal plane but can exhibit asymmetrical expansion in the transverse plane.


Assuntos
Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Adulto , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Face , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Orofac Orthop ; 81(6): 385-395, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study compared the skeletal effects of surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) with different surgeries in three representative finite element (FE) models. STUDY DESIGN: According to the ossification level of midpalatal suture, three FE models, with different elasticity moduli of sutures (E = 1 MPa, 500 MPa, and 13,700 MPa) were constructed, to represent three age groups of patients. Within each model, four groups were set up according to different surgeries: group I (control group without surgery), II (paramedian osteotomy), III (pterygomaxillary separation), and IV (paramedian osteotomy and pterygomaxillary separation). An expansion force of 100 N and 1 mm displacement were applied via a bone-borne distraction to simulate the expansion process. RESULTS: By analyzing these models, the maximum displacement of maxilla was observed in group IV, with E = 1 MPa model exhibiting the most displacement (28.5â€¯× 10-6 mm), followed by group II (21.4â€¯× 10-6 mm). Group IV showed a unique backward-downward rotation with minimum stress distributions in three models (9 MPa, 131 MPa, and 140 MPa, respectively), and group II exhibited comparable low stress distributions (12 MPa, 151 MPa, and 230 MPa, respectively). Lowest stress was found in E = 1 MPa model, compared with the other two models. CONCLUSION: There is no need to perform surgeries when the midpalatal suture is open, and surgery guidelines are the same for partial and complete fusion sutures. Furthermore, exclusive use of partial paramedian osteotomy is sufficient enough to reduce stress and expand the posterior part of maxilla, and it is less invasive.


Assuntos
Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Maxila/cirurgia , Osteotomia
14.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(6): 696-700, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025942

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the available evidence to identify the influence of pterygomaxillary disjunction on the result of surgically assisted maxillary expansion. BACKGROUND: LeFort I type osteotomy with disjunction of the pterygomaxillary suture is a procedure widely used in maxillofacial surgery. However, the need for its performance during surgically assisted maxillary expansions has been discussed in literature, since serious complications can be caused during this stage. REVIEW RESULTS: Systematic review of articles was performed using three databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane) published until May 2019. After applying the selection criteria, five articles were included in the systematic review, with a total of 141 patients. Meta-analysis showed the absence of significant difference between intervention and control groups in the preoperative period (standardized mean difference = -0.28; confidence interval, CI 95% = -0.81, 0.26; p = 0.31) and postoperative period (standardized mean difference = -0.12; 95% CI = -0.65, 0.42; p = 0.66). In general, the heterogeneity of statistical estimates was low (I2 = 0%). CONCLUSION: No statistically significant difference was observed between control group (without pterygomaxillary disjunction) and intervention group (with pterygomaxillary disjunction). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Based on the data analyzed in this systematic review, it could be concluded that pterygomaxillary disjunction is not a mandatory step to achieve satisfactory maxillary expansion. Thus, not performing pterygomaxillary disjunction can prevent complications and reduce surgical time.


Assuntos
Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Humanos , Maxila/cirurgia , Osteotomia de Le Fort
17.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 158(5): e83-e90, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978017

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The primary aim of this study was to investigate and compare perceived pain intensity and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) results during the activation phase of rapid maxillary expansion (RME), with tooth-borne and bone-borne devices. In addition, a secondary aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between pain scales and the shortened Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaire. METHODS: Thirty-six subjects (16 girls and 20 boys) with a mean age of 12.3 years (standard deviation, 0.82 years) were randomized into 2 groups. Group A received treatment with hyrax appliance, and group B received a computer-guided skeletal RME appliance. The same type of expansion screw and screw activation or expansion protocol were used. Two rating scales were used to assess the subject's pain during the activation phase of RME: a Graphic Rating Scale for Pain (GRS) and the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Scale (FPS). The OHIP-14 was used to evaluate the impact of RME on OHRQOL before the beginning of the treatment at day 3 and day 7 follow-ups. Painkillers were forbidden during the active phase of RME. Descriptive statistics, Student t test, and Pearson correlation were used. Significance was set at P ≤0.05. RESULTS: A total of 36 subjects, divided into 2 groups, were treated in the study. Regarding the level of pain, the Student t test showed statistically significant higher pain in group B-although only on the first day of screw activation (GRS, P = 0.01; FPS, P  <0.01). For the following days, there were no significant differences in pain levels between groups. The OHIP-14 showed no statistically significant difference at baseline (P = 0.32) and day 3 (P = 0.88) and day 7 (P = 0.85) follow-ups between the 2 groups. The Pearson correlation coefficient showed a statistically significant association between the 2 different scales of pain (GRS and FPS) but not a statistically significant correlation between GRS and FPS scales and OHIP-14. CONCLUSIONS: A higher perceived pain intensity in the patients treated using a bone-borne computer-guided skeletal RME appliance was limited to the first day of screw activation. There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 types of treatment in terms of their impact on OHRQOL and no statistically significant correlation between pain scales and the OHIP-14 questionnaire.


Assuntos
Percepção da Dor , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Dor
19.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(3): 213-218, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maxillary transverse discrepancy is often diagnosed in childhood. The evaluation of morphological characteristics of the maxilla is crucial for appropriate treatment of this condition, however conventional diagnostic method is based on visual inspection and transversal linear parameters. In this paper, we described a user-friendly diagnostic digital workflow based on the surface-to-surface analysis. We also described a case report. CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old female patient presenting mild transversal maxillary deficiency associated with functional posterior crossbite was treated by using maxillary removable appliance. In this respect, the appliance was designed in accordance to the morphological characteristics of the maxilla obtained by using the diagnostic digital work-flow and the maxillary surface-to-surface analysis. CONCLUSION: The present user-friendly diagnostic digital workflow based on surface-to-surface analysis helps clinicians to detect specific morphological characteristics of the maxilla, such as shape and area of asymmetry, in order to reach a comprehensive diagnosis and choose the correct biomechanics for treating the condition.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Maxila , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Fluxo de Trabalho
20.
Head Face Med ; 16(1): 21, 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900389

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare volumetric and shape changes of the orbital cavity in patients treated with tooth-borne (TB) and bone-borne (BB) rapid maxillary expansion (RME). STUDY DESIGN: Forty adolescents with bilateral maxillary cross-bite received tooth-borne (TB group = 20; mean age 14.27 ± 1.36 years) or bone-borne (BB group = 20; mean age of 14.62 ± 1.45 years) maxillary expander. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) were taken before treatment (T1) and 6-month after the expander activation (T2). Volumetric and shape changes of orbital cavities were detected by referring to a specific 3D digital technology involving deviation analysis of T1/T2 CBCT-derived models of pulp chamber. Student's t tests were used to 1) compare T1 and T2 volumes of orbital cavities in TB and BB groups, 2) compare volumetric changes and the percentage of matching of 3D orbital models (T1-T2) between the two groups. RESULTS: Both TB and BB groups showed a slight increase of the orbital volume (0.64 cm3 and 0.77 cm3) (p < 0.0001). This increment were significant between the two groups (p < 0.05) while no differences were found in the percentage of matching of T1/T2 orbital 3D models (p > 0.05). The areas of greater changes were detected in the proximity of the frontozygomatic and frontomaxillary sutures. CONCLUSION: TB-RME and BB-RME would not seem to considerably affect the anatomy or the volume of the orbital cavity in adolescents.


Assuntos
Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Dente , Adolescente , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Maxila , Órbita
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