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1.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 169: 112643, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007615

RESUMO

Detection of antibodies to upper respiratory pathogens is critical to surveillance, assessment of the immune status of individuals, vaccine development, and basic biology. The urgent need for antibody detection tools has proven particularly acute in the COVID-19 era. We report a multiplex label-free antigen microarray on the Arrayed Imaging Reflectometry (AIR) platform for detection of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV-1, MERS, three circulating coronavirus strains (HKU1, 229E, OC43) and three strains of influenza. We find that the array is readily able to distinguish uninfected from convalescent COVID-19 subjects, and provides quantitative information about total Ig, as well as IgG- and IgM-specific responses.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Coronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Influenza A/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Humana/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Influenza Humana/virologia , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/isolamento & purificação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Análise Serial de Proteínas/instrumentação , Análise Serial de Proteínas/métodos , Vírus da SARS/isolamento & purificação , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4384, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873796

RESUMO

The ability to detect low concentrations of biomarkers in patient samples is one of the cornerstones of modern healthcare. In general, biosensing approaches are based on measuring signals resulting from the interaction of a large ensemble of molecules with the sensor. Here, we report a biosensor platform using DNA origami featuring a central cavity with a target-specific DNA aptamer coupled with a nanopore read-out to enable individual biomarker detection. We show that the modulation of the ion current through the nanopore upon the DNA origami translocation strongly depends on the presence of the biomarker in the cavity. We exploit this to generate a biosensing platform with a limit of detection of 3 nM and capable of the detection of human C-reactive protein (CRP) in clinically relevant fluids. Future development of this approach may enable multiplexed biomarker detection by using ribbons of DNA origami with integrated barcoding.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , DNA/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Imagem Individual de Molécula/instrumentação , Biomarcadores/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Nanotecnologia/métodos
3.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 166: 112431, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862842

RESUMO

Last few decades, viruses are a real menace to human safety. Therefore, the rapid identification of viruses should be one of the best ways to prevent an outbreak and important implications for medical healthcare. The recent outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus which belongs to the single-stranded, positive-strand RNA viruses. The pandemic dimension spread of COVID-19 poses a severe threat to the health and lives of seven billion people worldwide. There is a growing urgency worldwide to establish a point-of-care device for the rapid detection of COVID-19 to prevent subsequent secondary spread. Therefore, the need for sensitive, selective, and rapid diagnostic devices plays a vital role in selecting appropriate treatments and to prevent the epidemics. During the last decade, electrochemical biosensors have emerged as reliable analytical devices and represent a new promising tool for the detection of different pathogenic viruses. This review summarizes the state of the art of different virus detection with currently available electrochemical detection methods. Moreover, this review discusses different fabrication techniques, detection principles, and applications of various virus biosensors. Future research also looks at the use of electrochemical biosensors regarding a potential detection kit for the rapid identification of the COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/instrumentação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Testes Imediatos , Vírus/patogenicidade
4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0237719, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886714

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study sought to assess the performance of the Fitbit Charge HR, a consumer-level multi-sensor activity tracker, to measure physical activity and sleep in children. METHODS: 59 healthy boys and girls aged 9-11 years old wore a Fitbit Charge HR, and accuracy of physical activity measures were evaluated relative to research-grade measures taken during a combination of 14 standardized laboratory- and field-based assessments of sitting, stationary cycling, treadmill walking or jogging, stair walking, outdoor walking, and agility drills. Accuracy of sleep measures were evaluated relative to polysomnography (PSG) in 26 boys and girls during an at-home unattended PSG overnight recording. The primary analyses included assessment of the agreement (biases) between measures using the Bland-Altman method, and epoch-by-epoch (EBE) analyses on a minute-by-minute basis. RESULTS: Fitbit Charge HR underestimated steps (~11.8 steps per minute), heart rate (~3.58 bpm), and metabolic equivalents (~0.55 METs per minute) and overestimated energy expenditure (~0.34 kcal per minute) relative to research-grade measures (p< 0.05). The device showed an overall accuracy of 84.8% for classifying moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary and light physical activity (SLPA) (sensitivity MVPA: 85.4%; specificity SLPA: 83.1%). Mean estimates of bias for measuring total sleep time, wake after sleep onset, and heart rate during sleep were 14 min, 9 min, and 1.06 bpm, respectively, with 95.8% sensitivity in classifying sleep and 56.3% specificity in classifying wake epochs. CONCLUSIONS: Fitbit Charge HR had adequate sensitivity in classifying moderate and vigorous intensity physical activity and sleep, but had limitations in detecting wake, and was more accurate in detecting heart rate during sleep than during exercise, in healthy children. Further research is needed to understand potential challenges and limitations of these consumer devices.


Assuntos
Monitores de Aptidão Física , Sono , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Criança , Metabolismo Energético , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Polissonografia
5.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 169: 112642, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979593

RESUMO

The outbreaks of the infectious disease COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 seriously threatened the life of humans. A rapid, reliable and specific detection method was urgently needed. Herein, we reported a contamination-free visual detection method for SARS-CoV-2 with LAMP and CRISPR/Cas12a technology. CRISPR/Cas12a reagents were pre-added on the inner wall of the tube lid. After LAMP reaction, CRISPR/Cas12a reagents were flowed into the tube and mixed with amplicon solution by hand shaking, which can effectively avoid possible amplicon formed aerosol contamination caused by re-opening the lid after amplification. CRISPR/Cas12a can highly specific recognize target sequence and discriminately cleave single strand DNA probes (5'-6FAM 3'-BHQ1). With smart phone and portable 3D printing instrument, the produced fluorescence can be seen by naked eyes without any dedicated instruments, which is promising in the point-of-care detection. The whole amplification and detection process could be completed within 40 min with high sensitivity of 20 copies RNA of SARS-CoV-2. This reaction had high specificity and could avoid cross-reactivity with other common viruses such as influenza virus. For 7 positive and 3 negative respiratory swab samples provided by Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, our detection results had 100% positive agreement and 100% negative agreement, which demonstrated the accuracy and application prospect of this method.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Betacoronavirus/genética , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Fluorescência , Humanos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/instrumentação , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/instrumentação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Smartphone
6.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 169: 112604, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980805

RESUMO

Virus severely endangers human life and health, and the detection of viruses is essential for the prevention and treatment of associated diseases. Metal-organic framework (MOF), a novel hybrid porous material which is bridged by the metal clusters and organic linkers, has become a promising biosensor platform for virus detection due to its outstanding properties including high surface area, adjustable pore size, easy modification, etc. However, the MOF-based sensing platforms for virus detection are rarely summarized. This review systematically divided the detection platforms into nucleic acid and immunological (antigen and antibody) detection, and the underlying sensing mechanisms were interpreted. The nucleic acid sensing was discussed based on the properties of MOF (such as metal ion, functional group, geometry structure, size, porosity, stability, etc.), revealing the relationship between the sensing performance and properties of MOF. Moreover, antibodies sensing based on the fluorescence detection and antigens sensing based on molecular imprinting or electrochemical immunoassay were highlighted. Furthermore, the remaining challenges and future development of MOF for virus detection were further discussed and proposed. This review will provide valuable references for the construction of sophisticated sensing platform for the detection of viruses, especially the 2019 coronavirus.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Viroses/virologia , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/análise , Antígenos Virais/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Humanos , Imunoensaio/instrumentação , Imunoensaio/métodos , Modelos Moleculares , Impressão Molecular/instrumentação , Impressão Molecular/métodos , Ácidos Nucleicos/análise , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/instrumentação , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Viroses/diagnóstico
7.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 169: 112617, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998066

RESUMO

The outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has caused a significant public health challenge worldwide. A lack of effective methods for screening potential patients, rapidly diagnosing suspected cases, and accurately monitoring of the epidemic in real time to prevent the rapid spread of COVID-19 raises significant difficulties in mitigating the epidemic in many countries. As effective point-of-care diagnosis tools, simple, low-cost and rapid sensors have the potential to greatly accelerate the screening and diagnosis of suspected patients to improve their treatment and care. In particular, there is evidence that multiple pathogens have been detected in sewage, including SARS-CoV-2, providing significant opportunities for the development of advanced sensors for wastewater-based epidemiology that provide an early warning of the pandemic within the population. Sensors could be used to screen potential carriers, provide real-time monitoring and control of the epidemic, and even support targeted drug screening and delivery within the integration of emerging mobile health (mHealth) technology. In this communication, we discuss the feasibility of an integrated point-of-care biosensor system with mobile health for wastewater-based epidemiology (iBMW) for early warning of COVID-19, screening and diagnosis of potential infectors, and improving health care and public health. The iBMW will provide an effective approach to prevent, evaluate and intervene in a fast, affordable and reliable way, thus enabling real-time guidance for the government in providing effective intervention and evaluating the effectiveness of intervention.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/instrumentação , Vigilância Epidemiológica Baseada em Águas Residuárias , Desenho de Equipamento , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Pandemias , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Esgotos/virologia
8.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 169: 112572, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916610

RESUMO

Convalescent serum with a high abundance of neutralization IgG is a promising therapeutic agent for rescuing COVID-19 patients in the critical stage. Knowing the concentration of SARS-CoV-2 S1-specific IgG is crucial in selecting appropriate convalescent serum donors. Here, we present a portable microfluidic ELISA technology for rapid (15 min), quantitative, and sensitive detection of anti-SARS-CoV-2 S1 IgG in human serum with only 8 µL sample volume. We first identified a humanized monoclonal IgG that has a high binding affinity and a relatively high specificity towards SARS-CoV-2 S1 protein, which can subsequently serve as the calibration standard of anti-SARS-CoV-2 S1 IgG in serological analyses. We then measured the abundance of anti-SARS-CoV-2 S1 IgG in 16 convalescent COVID-19 patients. Due to the availability of the calibration standard and the large dynamic range of our assay, we were able to identify "qualified donors" for convalescent serum therapy with only one fixed dilution factor (200 ×). Finally, we demonstrated that our technology can sensitively detect SARS-CoV-2 antigens (S1 and N proteins) with pg/mL level sensitivities in 40 min. Overall, our technology can greatly facilitate rapid, sensitive, and quantitative analysis of COVID-19 related markers for therapeutic, diagnostic, epidemiologic, and prognostic purposes.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/instrumentação , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/instrumentação , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/sangue , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais/economia , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/economia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Limite de Detecção , Medições Luminescentes/economia , Medições Luminescentes/instrumentação , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/economia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4757, 2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958771

RESUMO

Local tissue mechanics play a critical role in cell function, but measuring these properties at cellular length scales in living 3D tissues can present considerable challenges. Here we present thermoresponsive, smart material microgels that can be dispersed or injected into tissues and optically assayed to measure residual tissue elasticity after creep over several weeks. We first develop and characterize the sensors, and demonstrate that internal mechanical profiles of live multicellular spheroids can be mapped at high resolutions to reveal broad ranges of rigidity within the tissues, which vary with subtle differences in spheroid aggregation method. We then show that small sites of unexpectedly high rigidity develop in invasive breast cancer spheroids, and in an in vivo mouse model of breast cancer progression. These focal sites of increased intratumoral rigidity suggest new possibilities for how early mechanical cues that drive cancer cells towards invasion might arise within the evolving tumor microenvironment.


Assuntos
Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Hidrogéis/química , Animais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Linhagem Celular , Elasticidade , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Esferoides Celulares/patologia , Esferoides Celulares/fisiologia , Temperatura
10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3881, 2020 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753572

RESUMO

Cells typically respond to chemical or physical perturbations via complex signaling cascades which can simultaneously affect multiple physiological parameters, such as membrane voltage, calcium, pH, and redox potential. Protein-based fluorescent sensors can report many of these parameters, but spectral overlap prevents more than ~4 modalities from being recorded in parallel. Here we introduce the technique, MOSAIC, Multiplexed Optical Sensors in Arrayed Islands of Cells, where patterning of fluorescent sensor-encoding lentiviral vectors with a microarray printer enables parallel recording of multiple modalities. We demonstrate simultaneous recordings from 20 sensors in parallel in human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells and in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs), and we describe responses to metabolic and pharmacological perturbations. Together, these results show that MOSAIC can provide rich multi-modal data on complex physiological responses in multiple cell types.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Imagem Óptica/métodos , Potenciais de Ação/efeitos dos fármacos , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/farmacologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Cálcio/química , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas/citologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/fisiologia , Imagem Óptica/instrumentação , Oxidantes/farmacologia , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Propanolaminas/farmacologia
11.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 166: 112455, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739797

RESUMO

The rapid spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has led to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide pandemic. This unprecedented situation has garnered worldwide attention. An effective strategy for controlling the COVID-19 pandemic is to develop highly accurate methods for the rapid identification and isolation of SARS-CoV-2 infected patients. Many companies and institutes are therefore striving to develop effective methods for the rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2 ribonucleic acid (RNA), antibodies, antigens, and the virus. In this review, we summarize the structure of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, its genome and gene expression characteristics, and the current progression of SARS-CoV-2 RNA, antibodies, antigens, and virus detection. Further, we discuss the reasons for the observed false-negative and false-positive RNA and antibody detection results in practical clinical applications. Finally, we provide a review of the biosensors which hold promising potential for point-of-care detection of COVID-19 patients. This review thereby provides general guidelines for both scientists in the biosensing research community and for those in the biosensor industry to develop a highly sensitive and accurate point-of-care COVID-19 detection system, which would be of enormous benefit for controlling the current COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/isolamento & purificação , Antígenos Virais/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/tendências , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/instrumentação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Genoma Viral , Humanos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Testes Imediatos , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Vírion/isolamento & purificação
12.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 166: 112436, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32750677

RESUMO

Our recent experience of the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of easy-to-use, quick, cheap, sensitive and selective detection of virus pathogens for the efficient monitoring and treatment of virus diseases. Early detection of viruses provides essential information about possible efficient and targeted treatments, prolongs the therapeutic window and hence reduces morbidity. Graphene is a lightweight, chemically stable and conductive material that can be successfully utilized for the detection of various virus strains. The sensitivity and selectivity of graphene can be enhanced by its functionalization or combination with other materials. Introducing suitable functional groups and/or counterparts in the hybrid structure enables tuning of the optical and electrical properties, which is particularly attractive for rapid and easy-to-use virus detection. In this review, we cover all the different types of graphene-based sensors available for virus detection, including, e.g., photoluminescence and colorimetric sensors, and surface plasmon resonance biosensors. Various strategies of electrochemical detection of viruses based on, e.g., DNA hybridization or antigen-antibody interactions, are also discussed. We summarize the current state-of-the-art applications of graphene-based systems for sensing a variety of viruses, e.g., SARS-CoV-2, influenza, dengue fever, hepatitis C virus, HIV, rotavirus and Zika virus. General principles, mechanisms of action, advantages and drawbacks are presented to provide useful information for the further development and construction of advanced virus biosensors. We highlight that the unique and tunable physicochemical properties of graphene-based nanomaterials make them ideal candidates for engineering and miniaturization of biosensors.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Grafite , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Vírus/isolamento & purificação , Reações Antígeno-Anticorpo , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/tendências , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/instrumentação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Colorimetria , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , DNA Viral/análise , DNA Viral/genética , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Desenho de Equipamento , Grafite/química , Humanos , Luminescência , Nanoestruturas/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Pontos Quânticos/química , Análise Espectral Raman , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície , Virologia/métodos , Vírus/genética , Vírus/patogenicidade
13.
Food Chem ; 332: 127431, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32645668

RESUMO

Illegal usage of ß-agonists as the animal growth promoters can lead to multiple harmful impacts to public health, thus detection of ß-agonists at trace level in complex sample matrixes is of great importance. In recent years, emergence of advanced nanomaterials greatly facilitates the advancement of sensors in terms of sensitivity, specificity and robustness. Plenty of nanoparticles-based sensors have been developed for ß-agonists determination. In this review, we comprehensively summarized the construction of emerging nanoparticles-based sensors (including colorimetric sensors, fluorescent sensors, chemiluminescent sensors, electrochemical sensors, electrochemiluminescent sensors, surface enhanced Raman scattering sensors, surface plasmon resonance sensors, quartz crystal microbalance sensors, etc.), and nanomaterial-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (nano-ELISA). Impressively, the applications of nanoparticles-based sensors and nano-ELISAs in the detection of ß-agonists have also been summarized and discussed. In the end, future opportunities and challenges in the design construction of nanoparticles (NPs)-based sensors and their applications in ß-agonist assay are tentatively proposed.


Assuntos
Agonistas Adrenérgicos/análise , Nanoestruturas/química , Animais , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Colorimetria/instrumentação , Colorimetria/métodos , Humanos , Nanotecnologia/instrumentação , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Análise Espectral Raman/instrumentação , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/instrumentação , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos
14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(32): 19017-19025, 2020 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32719130

RESUMO

To achieve the mission of personalized medicine, centering on delivering the right drug to the right patient at the right dose, therapeutic drug monitoring solutions are necessary. In that regard, wearable biosensing technologies, capable of tracking drug pharmacokinetics in noninvasively retrievable biofluids (e.g., sweat), play a critical role, because they can be deployed at a large scale to monitor the individuals' drug transcourse profiles (semi)continuously and longitudinally. To this end, voltammetry-based sensing modalities are suitable, as in principle they can detect and quantify electroactive drugs on the basis of the target's redox signature. However, the target's redox signature in complex biofluid matrices can be confounded by the immediate biofouling effects and distorted/buried by the interfering voltammetric responses of endogenous electroactive species. Here, we devise a wearable voltammetric sensor development strategy-centering on engineering the molecule-surface interactions-to simultaneously mitigate biofouling and create an "undistorted potential window" within which the target drug's voltammetric response is dominant and interference is eliminated. To inform its clinical utility, our strategy was adopted to track the temporal profile of circulating acetaminophen (a widely used analgesic and antipyretic) in saliva and sweat, using a surface-modified boron-doped diamond sensing interface (cross-validated with laboratory-based assays, R 2 ∼ 0.94). Through integration of the engineered sensing interface within a custom-developed smartwatch, and augmentation with a dedicated analytical framework (for redox peak extraction), we realized a wearable solution to seamlessly render drug readouts with minute-level temporal resolution. Leveraging this solution, we demonstrated the pharmacokinetic correlation and significance of sweat readings.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/análise , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Saliva/química , Suor/química , Acetaminofen/administração & dosagem , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/instrumentação , Humanos , Medicina de Precisão , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
15.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3530, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669576

RESUMO

Resistance change under mechanical stimuli arouses mass operational heat, damaging the performance, lifetime, and reliability of stretchable electronic devices, therefore rapid thermal heat dissipating is necessary. Here we report a stretchable strain sensor with outstanding thermal management. Besides a high stretchability and sensitivity testified by human motion monitoring, as well as long-term durability, an enhanced thermal conductivity from the casted thermoplastic polyurethane-boron nitride nanosheets layer helps rapid heat transmission to the environments, while the porous electrospun fibrous thermoplastic polyurethane membrane leads to thermal insulation. A 32% drop of the real time saturated temperature is achieved. For the first time we in-situ investigated the dynamic operational temperature fluctuation of stretchable electronics under repeating stretching-releasing processes. Finally, cytotoxicity test confirms that the nanofillers are tightly restricted in the nanocomposites, making it harmless to human health. All the results prove it an excellent candidate for the next-generation of wearable devices.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Movimento , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Compostos de Boro/química , Elastômeros , Eletrônica , Células HEK293 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Nanocompostos , Nanoestruturas , Polímeros/química , Poliuretanos/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Opt Express ; 28(12): 18479-18492, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32680046

RESUMO

Biomolecule sensing plays an important role in both fundamental biological studies and medical diagnostic applications. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy presents opportunities for sensing biomolecules as it allows their fingerprints to be determined by directly measuring their absorption spectra. However, the detection of biomolecules at low concentrations is difficult with conventional IR spectroscopy due to signal-to-noise considerations. This has led to recent interest on the use of nanostructured surfaces to boost the signals from biomolecules in a method termed surface enhanced infrared spectroscopy. So far, efforts have largely involved the use of metallic nanoantennas (which produce large field enhancement) or graphene nanostructures (which produce strong field confinement and provide electrical tunability). Here, we propose a nanostructured surface that combines the large field enhancement of metallic nanoantennas with the strong field confinement and electrical tunability of graphene plasmons. Our device consists of an array of plasmonic nanoantennas and graphene nanoslits on a resonant substrate. We perform systematic electromagnetic simulations to quantify the sensing performance of the proposed device and show that it outperforms designs in which only plasmons from metallic nanoantennas or plasmons from graphene are utilized. These investigations consider the model system of a representative protein-goat anti-mouse immunoglobulin G (IgG) - in monolayer or sub-monolayer form. Our findings provide guidance for future biosensors for the sensitive quantification and identification of biomolecules.


Assuntos
Grafite , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Espectrofotometria Infravermelho/instrumentação , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Desenho de Equipamento/métodos , Proteínas/análise , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície/métodos
17.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 166: 112437, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692666

RESUMO

The ongoing global pandemic (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has become a huge public health issue. Hence, we devised a multiplex reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (mRT-LAMP) coupled with a nanoparticle-based lateral flow biosensor (LFB) assay (mRT-LAMP-LFB) for diagnosing COVID-19. Using two LAMP primer sets, the ORF1ab (opening reading frame 1a/b) and N (nucleoprotein) genes of SARS-CoV-2 were simultaneously amplified in a single-tube reaction, and detected with the diagnosis results easily interpreted by LFB. In presence of FITC (fluorescein)-/digoxin- and biotin-labeled primers, mRT-LAMP produced numerous FITC-/digoxin- and biotin-attached duplex amplicons, which were determined by LFB through immunoreactions (FITC/digoxin on the duplex and anti-FITC/digoxin on the test line of LFB) and biotin/treptavidin interaction (biotin on the duplex and strptavidin on the polymerase nanoparticle). The accumulation of nanoparticles leaded a characteristic crimson band, enabling multiplex analysis of ORF1ab and N gene without instrumentation. The limit of detection (LoD) of COVID-19 mRT-LAMP-LFB was 12 copies (for each detection target) per reaction, and no cross-reactivity was generated from non-SARS-CoV-2 templates. The analytical sensitivity of SARS-CoV-2 was 100% (33/33 oropharynx swab samples collected from COVID-19 patients), and the assay's specificity was also 100% (96/96 oropharynx swab samples collected from non-COVID-19 patients). The total diagnostic test can be completed within 1 h from sample collection to result interpretation. In sum, the COVID-19 mRT-LAMP-LFB assay is a promising tool for diagnosing SARS-CoV-2 infections in frontline public health field and clinical laboratories, especially from resource-poor regions.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/instrumentação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/estatística & dados numéricos , Nanopartículas , Nanotecnologia , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , RNA Viral/análise , RNA Viral/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 165: 112361, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729494

RESUMO

The recent outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has left the world clueless. As the WHO declares this new contagion as a pandemic on the 11th of March 2020, the alarming rate of the spawn of the disease in such a short period has disarranged the globe. Standing against this situation researchers are strenuously searching for the key traits responsible for this pandemic. As knowledge regarding the dynamics and host-path interaction of COVID-19 causing Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is currently unknown, the formulation of strategies concerning antiviral treatment, vaccination, and epidemiological control stands crucial. Before designing adequate therapeutic strategies, it is extremely essential to diagnose the disease at the outset as early detection can have a greater impact on building health system capacity. Hence, a comprehensive review of strategies for COVID-19 diagnosis is essential in this existing global situation. In this review, sequentially, we have provided the clinical details along with genetic and proteomic biomarkers related to COVID-19. The article systematically enlightens a clear overview of the clinically adopted techniques for the detection of COVID-19 including oligonucleotide-based molecular detection, Point-of-Care immunodiagnostics, radiographical analysis/sensing system, and newly developed biosensing prototypes having commercial viability. The commercial kits/analytical methods based-sensing strategies have also been tabulated categorically. The critical insights on the developer, commercial brand name, detection methods, technical operational details, detection time, clinical specimen, status, the limit of detection/detection ability have been discussed comprehensively. We believe that this review may provide scientists, clinicians and healthcare manufacturers valuable information regarding the most recent developments/approaches towards COVID-19 diagnosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Dispositivos Lab-On-A-Chip , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Testes Imediatos , Animais , Anticorpos Imobilizados/química , Betacoronavirus/genética , Biomarcadores/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Imunoensaio/instrumentação , Imunoensaio/métodos , Nanoestruturas/química , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica/instrumentação , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/instrumentação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos
19.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 165: 112435, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729548

RESUMO

COVID-19 is the shocking viral pandemics of this year which affected the health, economy, communications, and all aspects of social activities all over the world. Early diagnosis of this viral disease is very important since it can prevent lots of mortalities and care consumption. The functional similarities between COVID-19 and COVID-2 in inducing acute respiratory syndrome lightened our mind to find a diagnostic mechanism based on early traces of mitochondrial ROS overproduction as lung cells' dysfunctions induced by the virus. We designed a simple electrochemical sensor to selectively detect the intensity of ROS in the sputum sample (with a volume of less than 500 µl). Comparing the results of the sensor with clinical diagnostics of more than 140 normal and involved cases resulted in a response calibration with accuracy and sensitivity both 97%. Testing the sensor in more than 4 hospitals shed promising lights in ROS based real-time tracing of COVID-19 from the sputum sample.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Escarro/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/química , Pulmão/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Escarro/química , Adulto Jovem
20.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 165: 112454, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729549

RESUMO

The rapidly spreading outbreak of COVID-19 disease is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. As of June 17, 2020, this virus has infected over 8.2 million people but ranges in symptom severity, making it difficult to assess its overall infection rate. There is a need for rapid and accurate diagnostics to better monitor and prevent the spread of COVID-19. In this review, we present and evaluate two main types of diagnostics with FDA-EUA status for COVID-19: nucleic acid testing for detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA, and serological assays for detection of SARS-CoV-2 specific IgG and IgM patient antibodies, along with the necessary sample preparation for accurate diagnoses. In particular, we cover and compare tests such as the CDC 2019-nCoV RT-PCR Diagnostic Panel, Cellex's qSARS-CoV-2 IgG/IgM Rapid Test, and point-of-care tests such as Abbott's ID NOW COVID-19 Test. Antibody testing is especially important in understanding the prevalence of the virus in the community and to identify those who have gained immunity. We conclude by highlighting the future of COVID-19 diagnostics, which include the need for quantitative testing and the development of emerging biosensors as point-of-care tests.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Imunoensaio/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Testes Imediatos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Humanos , Imunoensaio/instrumentação , Imunoglobulina G/análise , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/análise , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , RNA Viral/análise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/instrumentação , Manejo de Espécimes/instrumentação , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Estados Unidos , United States Food and Drug Administration
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