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1.
Am Surg ; 85(11): 1213-1218, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775961

RESUMO

The best method for fascial closure during hernia repair remains unknown. This study evaluates the impact of fascial closure techniques on short-term outcomes. All patients undergoing open ventral hernia repair were queried using the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative database. Analysis was stratified by suture type (absorbable and permanent) and technique (figure-of-eight, running, and interrupted). Outcome measures included SSI, surgical site occurrence (SSO), SSO requiring intervention, recurrence rate, and quality of life. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used. The study included 6544 patients. Two-thirds of surgeons closed fascia during ventral hernia repair with absorbable suture and one-third with permanent suture. In the absorbable group, 17 per cent used figure-of-eight, 46 per cent running, and 4 per cent interrupted suture. In the permanent group, 13 per cent used figure-of-eight, 8 per cent running, and 11 per cent interrupted suture. There was no significant association between SSO and closure technique (P = 0.2). However, SSO and suture type were significant (P < 0.001) with the odds of SSO for closure with absorbable suture being 62 per cent higher than the odds of permanent. Fascial closure technique and suture type had no significant association (P > 0.5) with SSI, SSO requiring intervention, hernia recurrence rate, or HerQLes or NIH PROMIS 3a scores at 30 days or 6 months. Fascial closure technique and suture material do not have a major impact on outcomes in ventral hernia repair. Despite a significantly higher rate of SSO for absorbable sutures than permanent, this did not increase the rate of interventions.


Assuntos
Fasciotomia/métodos , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Adulto , Idoso , Fáscia , Fasciotomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Herniorrafia/métodos , Herniorrafia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões de Prática Médica , Qualidade de Vida , Recidiva , Suturas/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/estatística & dados numéricos
2.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 101(8): 606-608, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672035

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The 12-mm AirSeal® port is widely used in robotically assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy due to its ability to maintain stable pneumoperitoneal pressures and smoke evacuation. However, it creates a potential risk of port site hernia. We have traditionally used EndoClose™ to perform full thickness closure of this port, but noted that patients experienced increased pain related to this procedure, which sometimes persisted for several months. Using the Da Vinci Si we performed peritoneal closure with 2-0 vicryl by switching the fourth arm to the right master controller. The external oblique sheath was closed outside with 1 Ethibond. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed this closure in 20 consecutive patients (group 1). Postoperative day 1, 2 and post-discharge telephone consultation pain scores (1-10) were recorded and compared with the previous 20 consecutive patients who had the EndoClose closure (group 2). RESULTS: We recorded an instructional video to enable reproduction of the new technique. The mean length of stay was 1.5 days for patients in group 1 and 1.9 days for those in group 2 (P = 0.04). There was no difference in operating time or average day 1 pain scores. Post-discharge follow-up call revealed 1 of 20 patients who had AirSeal port site pain in group 1 and 5 of 17 in group 2 (P = 0.04). Pain scores also tended to be higher for group 2. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary analysis of this novel technique to close the AirSeal port in two separate layers improves postoperative pain related to this port site.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Idoso , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/efeitos adversos
3.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 193, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For low risk patients undergoing median sternotomies, no midterm follow-up studies involving sternal healing have been conducted. In this study we evaluated sternal healing in low risk patients by chest CT scan and the risk factors associated with poor healing were analyzed. METHODS: Patients who underwent sternal median incision heart surgery from September 2014 to March 2015 were recruited. The clinical information of these patients during hospitalization was collected, and the CT scan data were submitted to the two chief physicians of the Radiology Department for radiographical sternal healing score determination. Based on the method of wound closure, the patients were divided into sternum plate (Plates) and wire groups (Wires). RESULTS: Forty-four patients were recruited. The mean CT examination time was 17.27 ± 2.30 months postoperatively. Twenty-nine (65.9%) patients met the criteria for radiographic sternal healing. Three segments, including the aortopulmonary window, the main pulmonary artery, and the aortic root, had healed less in comparison to the manubrium segment. Compared to patients in whom 6-7 metal wires were used for sternal closure, healing of the lower sternum was worse in patients in whom five wires were used, but the difference in healing was not statistically significant. Univariate analysis of sternal healing showed that patient age was a risk factor for sternal non-healing. When the patient age was > 45 years, the predicted risk of radiographic sternal non-union was 1.833 (95% CI: 1.343-2.503). CONCLUSIONS: At the mid-term follow-up, 65.9% of patients undergoing median sternotomies demonstrated radiographic sternal healing. Age, but not closure device, was a risk factor for sternal non-healing in low risk patients. Use of more wires had a positive impact on sternal healing. TRIAL REGISTRATION: researchregistry4918, registered 28 May 2019, retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Manúbrio/diagnóstico por imagem , Esternotomia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação , Cicatrização , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Placas Ósseas , Fios Ortopédicos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Manúbrio/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Esternotomia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 114(5): 668-673, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689175

RESUMO

Background: The desire for perfect haemostasis has led the medical equipment industry to produce ideal instruments for safe thyroidectomy. Thus, haemostasis and sealing instruments such as the LigaSureTM Small Jaw, ThunderbeatTM Open Fine Jaw and HarmonicTM Focus have been indicated for thyroid surgery. Aim: The purpose of this study is to present the initial results of using these three surgical instruments for performing monobloc thyroidectomy. Material and Methods: We performed a prospective study between January 2014 and July 2019 in which we included all the patients operated by same surgeon using those 3 sealing devices. Thyroidectomies were performed using LigaSureTM Small Jaw (group 1), the ThunderbeatTM Open Fine Jaw (group 2) and HarmonicTM Focus (group 3). The groups were statistically compared in term of duration of surgery and hospitalisation, early postoperative complications as well as voice alteration or acute respiratory failure. Results: No significant differences were observed among groups in terms of patient demographics, pathological diagnoses, postoperative complications, length of hospitalization, and clinical outcomes. Operating time was shorter in group 1. Conclusions: New surgical instruments have beneficial properties, including shortening the operative time, maintaining a clean operating field, and minimising smoke released during the operation.


Assuntos
Hemostasia Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/instrumentação , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação
5.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 32(3): e1452, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644672

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In high-income countries, morbid obesity is a growing health problem that has already reached epidemic proportions. When performing a laparoscopic gastric bypass several operative methods exist. AIM: To describe the institutional experience using a knotless unidirectional barbed suture (V-Loc 180/Covidien, Mansfield, MA) to create a hand-sewn gastrojejunostomy (GJ) and jejunojejunostomy (JJ) during bariatric surgery. METHODS: Evaluation of a case series of 87 morbidly obese patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass with a hand-sewn gastrojejunostomy (GJA) and jejunojejunostomy (JJA) between 01/2015 and 06/2017. The patients were divided into two groups: in group I, GJA und JJA sutures were performed using the knotless unidirectional barbed suture; in group II, GJA and JJA were sutured with resorbable multifilament thread (Vicryl® 3/0 Ethicon, Livingstone, UK). The recorded data on gender, age, BMI, ASA score, operative time, postoperative morbidity, length of hospital stay, and reoperation, were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: All procedures were completed laparoscopically with no mortality. The mean operative time was 123.23 (±30.631) in group I and 127.57 (±42.772) in group II (p<0.05). The postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the two groups. Early complications were observed for two patients (0.9%) in the barbed suture group and for one patient (0.42%) in the multifilament suture group (p<0.05). In group I two patients (0.9%) required reoperation: on the basis of jejunojejunal stenosis in one patient, and local abscess near the gastrojejunostomy, without a leakage, in the other. In group II one patient (0.42%) required reoperation due to stenosis of the GJA. The duration of hospital admission was similar for both groups: 3.36 (±0.743) days in group I vs. 3.38 (±1.058) days in group II (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The novel anastomotic technique is a safe and effective method and can be applied to gastrojejunal anastomosis and jejunojejunal anastomosis in laparoscopic gastric bypass.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica/instrumentação , Segurança de Equipamentos/instrumentação , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação , Adulto , Anastomose Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Feminino , Derivação Gástrica/instrumentação , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Humanos , Jejunostomia/instrumentação , Jejunostomia/métodos , Jejuno/cirurgia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Poliglactina 910 , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Estômago/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação
6.
Am Surg ; 85(10): 1159-1161, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657315

RESUMO

There are conflicting views regarding techniques for repair of small umbilical hernias (UHs). Here, we compare the recurrence rate in primary repair with that reported for mesh repair by examining a single surgeon's practice at a large medical center with a comprehensive electronic medical record. A six-year retrospective review of primary UH repairs between January 2012 and December 2017 at Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center was undertaken. Patients were identified through a database search of the electronic medical record. The primary endpoint of UH recurrence was examined; median follow-up was 3.4 years. Primary, elective UH repair was performed in 244 patients; 71 per cent of hernias were small (<2 cm). The total number of recurrences was seven (3%). The t test analysis showed significant differences in the average size of hernia defects between those with recurrences (2 cm) and those without (1.4 cm), P < 0.05. Primary repair affords low infection and recurrence rates, comparable to those reported for mesh repair. Our single-surgeon/large-volume study contributes to the evidence that primary UH repair is a safe and durable method, with low risk of recurrence. The use of absorbable monofilament suture, and selection for lower BMI and smaller hernia sizes proved to be effective.


Assuntos
Hérnia Umbilical/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , California , Feminino , Hérnia Umbilical/patologia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Suturas , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos
7.
Heart Surg Forum ; 22(5): E325-E330, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Delayed sternal closure commonly is used after pediatric cardiac surgery. Its benefits include relieving cardiac compression and stabilizing postoperative critically ill patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 72 patients, who had undergone delayed sternal closure, among 1,254 patients operated for congenital heart diseases. Indications of delayed sternal closure, perioperative hemodynamic and metabolic status, postoperative infection, and mortality were reported. RESULTS: Transposition of great arteries was the most common preoperative cardiac pathology (26.3%). Bleeding and hemodynamic instability were the most frequent indications for delayed sternal closure, representing 38.8% and 34.7%, respectively. The mean duration of open chest was 3.45 days ± 1.46 days. The mean duration of ICU stay was 20.95 days ± 20.06 days. Two patients had deep sternal wound infection. Sepsis was found in 39 patients (54.1%), and the most common causative organism was coagulase negative (30.5%). ICU stay was a significant risk factor for sepsis (P = .003); duration of open sternum, period of mechanical ventilation (MV), and total hospital stay were not statistically significant risk factors. Sternal closure time (SCT) was affected by period of hemodynamic instability (P = .036). Bypass time, clamping time, and nonsurgical bleeding did not significantly affect SCT. The mortality rate was 15.2% (N = 11). CONCLUSION: Delayed sternal closure is a simple and effective technique that could prevent postoperative cardiac compression in hemodynamic instability states after pediatric cardiac operations.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Esterno/cirurgia , Ferida Cirúrgica/cirurgia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17270, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases, with an average of 1.64 per 1000 newborns with the ASD. Empirical studies suggest that surgery should be performed early in the presence of right atrium and or right ventricular enlargement, even for asymptomatic patients. Many surgical procedures can be used to treat ASD. But which method is the best choice remains unclear. This study aims to compare the efficacy and safety of standard median sternotomy, right minithoracotomy, totally thoracoscopic surgery, percutaneous closure, transcutaneous by echocardiography, and transcutaneous by radiotherapy for ASDs in children using Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS: We will perform a comprehensive literature search using PubMed, EMBASE.com, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database to identify relevant studies from inception to April 2019. Randomized controlled trials, prospective or retrospective cohort studies that reported the efficacy and safety of surgical procedures for the treatment of atrial septal defects will be included. Risk of bias of the included randomized controlled trials and prospective or retrospective cohort studies will be evaluated according to the Cochrane Handbook 5.1.0 and the risk of bias in non-randomized studies of interventions, respectively. A Bayesian NMA will be performed using R 3.4.1. RESULTS: The results of this NMA will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. CONCLUSION: This NMA will summarize the direct and indirect evidence to assess the efficacy and safety of different surgical procedures for the treatment of ASDs. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethics approval and patient consent are not required as this study is a network meta-analysis based on published trials. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019130902.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Esternotomia , Toracoscopia , Toracotomia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Criança , Humanos
10.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 67(11): 907-916, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Median sternotomy remains the most common access to perform cardiac surgery procedures. However, the experience of the operating surgeon remains a crucial factor during sternal closure to avoid potential complications related to poor sternal healing, such as mediastinitis. Considering the lack of major randomized controlled trials and the heterogeneity of the current literature, this narrative review aims to summarize the different techniques and approaches to sternal closure with the aim to investigate their reflections into clinical outcomes and to inform the choice on the most effective closure method after median sternotomy. METHODS: A literature search through PubMed, Embase, EBSCO, Cochrane database of systematic reviews, and Web of Science from its inception up to April 2019 using the following search keywords in various combinations: sternal, sternotomy, mediastinitis, deep sternal wound infection, cardiac surgery, closure. RESULTS: Single wire fixation methods, at present, seems the most useful method to perform sternal closure in routine patients, although patients with a fragile sternum might benefit more from a figure-of-eight technique. In high-risk patients (e.g. chronic pulmonary disease, obesity, bilateral internal mammary artery harvesting, diabetes, off-midline sternotomy), rigid plate fixation is currently the most effective method, if available; alternatively, weave techniques could be used. CONCLUSION: The choice among the sternal closure techniques should be mainly inspired and tailored on the patient's characteristics, and correct judgement and experience play a pivotal role. A decisional algorithm has been proposed as an attempt to overcome the absence of specific guidelines and to guide the operative approach. This operative approach might be used also in non-cardiac procedure in which median sternotomy is required, such as in case of thoracic surgery.


Assuntos
Esternotomia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Placas Ósseas , Fios Ortopédicos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Humanos , Mediastinite/etiologia , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Esterno/cirurgia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação
11.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 423-427, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047173

RESUMO

Introdução: Lesões que acometem as mãos com importante perda cutânea frequentemente requerem retalhos para cobertura precoce, visto que permitem melhor reabilitação. Dentre as opções, o retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço é o mais utilizado para defeitos no dorso da mão e punho, com baixas taxas de complicações. Normalmente, esse retalho não é utilizado para a reconstrução de defeitos em região palmar, já que geralmente não alcança esse local. Relato de caso: Apresentamos o caso de um paciente com queimadura elétrica de terceiro grau, em palma da mão direita, cuja reconstrução foi realizada com o uso do retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço, após debridamentos conservadores, no 14o dia após a queimadura. O paciente apresentou boa evolução pós-operatória, sem complicações ou sequelas funcionais a longo prazo. Conclusão: O retalho interósseo posterior reverso do antebraço permite cobertura adequada de lesões em palma da mão, preservando sua funcionalidade.


Introduction: Lesions affecting the hands with significant skin loss often require flaps for early coverage, as these permit faster healing. Among the various options, the reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm is most commonly used for defects involving the back of the hand and wrist due to low complication rates. Normally, this flap is not used for the reconstruction of defects in the palmar region since its distal reach is insufficient. Case report: We present the case of a male patient with third-degree electrical burns on his right palm, whose reconstruction was performed on the 14th day postinjury using the reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm after conservative debridement. The patient presented good postoperative evolution, without long-term complications or functional sequelae. Conclusion: The reverse posterior interosseous flap of the forearm permits adequate coverage of palm injuries, preserving its functionality.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , História do Século XXI , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Ferimentos e Lesões , Queimaduras , Queimaduras por Corrente Elétrica , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Antebraço , Traumatismos do Antebraço , Mãos , Traumatismos da Mão , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/reabilitação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/reabilitação , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Ferimentos e Lesões/reabilitação , Queimaduras por Corrente Elétrica/cirurgia , Queimaduras por Corrente Elétrica/complicações , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/reabilitação , Antebraço/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Antebraço/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Antebraço/complicações , Traumatismos do Antebraço/reabilitação , Mãos/cirurgia , Traumatismos da Mão/cirurgia
12.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 384-390, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047160

RESUMO

Introdução: O tratamento de grandes e médias feridas é um desafio para os cirurgiões quando precisam fechálas e, normalmente, são utilizadas técnicas cirúrgicas de enxertias ou retalhos, que podem deixar sequelas e até mesmo mutilações. Ao longo do tempo desenvolveu-se a técnica de "sutura elástica" que promove a cicatrização em curto espaço de tempo com sequelas menores, entretanto o procedimento tem sido realizado com material improvisado. Objetivo: Desenvolver um fio de sutura elástico cirúrgico que possa ser esterilizado e confeccionado nos moldes dos produtos médicos cirúrgicos. Métodos: Revisão das patentes existentes por meio da busca de anterioridade e comparação com o dispositivo do estudo. Pesquisa de materiais com as características necessárias como elasticidade e tensão. Teste destas características em laboratórios especializados. Resultados: O produto desenvolvido é um fio elástico com duplo agulhamento para suturas, com matéria prima de silicone que apresenta elasticidade e resistência a tensão. Conclusão: O fio de sutura elástico, com duplo agulhamento, para feridas de médio e grande porte foi desenvolvido.


Introduction: Closing large and medium wounds is challenging for surgeons and often leads to the use of graft or flap surgical techniques. These procedures can leave sequelae and even mutilations. An "elastic suture" technique was developed to promote wound healing in a short time span with minor sequelae; however, improvised materials have been used in this procedure. Objective: To develop a surgical elastic suture thread that can be manufactured and sterilized following the standards of surgical medical products. Methods: We conducted a patent search, compared the findings with the study device, and researched materials with necessary characteristics such as elasticity and tension. Testing these characteristics in specialized laboratories. Results: The developed device is a double-needled elastic suture made of silicone that presents tensile strength. Conclusion: Here, we developed a double-needled elastic suture for medium and large wounds.


Assuntos
Humanos , História do Século XXI , Cirurgia Plástica , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Suturas/normas , Cicatrização , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Cirurgia Plástica/instrumentação , Cirurgia Plástica/métodos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/normas , Suturas , Cicatrização/ética , Ferimentos e Lesões , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação
13.
Surgery ; 166(4): 615-622, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399219

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our study aims were to evaluate factors that predict recurrence after open umbilical hernia repair with either mesh or primary closure. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 1,125) undergoing open umbilical hernia repair from 2009 to 2018 were identified from a prospectively managed, quality database. Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests were used to analyze recurrence-free survival for preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative factors. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression was used to analyze recurrence-free survival by age, sex, body mass index, concurrent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, smoking status, diabetes, postoperative infection, hernia size in greatest dimension, and type of repair. RESULTS: The overall recurrence rate was 3.3% with a median follow-up of 14 months. Univariable analysis revealed a difference in recurrence-free survival for current smoking (P = .039), diabetes (P = .007), higher body mass index (P = .057), and postoperative infection (P < .001). Multivariable analysis indicated higher body mass index (P = .007), concurrent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (P = .044), current smoking status (P = .020), diabetes (P = .021), and a primary closure repair of hernias ≥1.5 cm (P = .001) had a greater risk of recurrence. Postoperative infection showed an association with recurrence (P = .053). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate higher body mass index, concurrent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, current smoking, diabetes, primary closure repair of hernias ≥1.5 cm, and postoperative infection were associated with a greater risk of recurrence after open umbilical hernia repair.


Assuntos
Hérnia Umbilical/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Adulto , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hérnia Umbilical/diagnóstico , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Laparotomia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos
14.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(4): 406-411, 2019 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique of sternal closure, modified from the conventional figure-of-eight approach, which can provide a secure closure and prevent sternal complications. METHODS: The modified technique is based on the intercalation of the caudal portion of each steel wire passed along the sternum. This is a retrospective analysis of patients operated with this modified technique at our institution between January 2014 and December 2016. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-three patients underwent sternal closure with the modified technique. In-hospital mortality rate was 1.4% (n=2). No sternal instability was observed at 30 days postoperatively. Two patients developed mediastinitis that required extraction of the wires. CONCLUSION: Short-term results have shown that the modified sternal closure technique can be used safely and effectively, with complications rates being consistent with worldwide experience.


Assuntos
Esterno/cirurgia , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/prevenção & controle , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Fios Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mediastinite/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Deiscência da Ferida Operatória/etiologia , Técnicas de Sutura/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
16.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(4): 400-406, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Delayed sternal closure (DSC) following pediatric cardiac surgery is commonly implemented at many centers. Infectious complications occur in 18.7% of these patients based on recent multicenter data. We aimed to describe our experience with DSC, hypothesizing that our practices surrounding the implementation and maintenance of the open sternum during DSC minimize the risk of infectious complications. METHODS: We reviewed patients less than 365 days who underwent DSC between 2012 and 2016 at our institution. Infectious complications as defined by the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database were recorded. Patients with and without infectious complications were compared using Wilcoxon rank sum tests or Fisher exact tests as appropriate. RESULTS: We identified 165 patients less than 365 days old who underwent DSC, 135 (82%) of whom had their skin closed over their open sternum. Median duration of open sternum was 3 days (range: 1-32 days). Infectious complications occurred in 15 (9.1%) patients-13 developed clinical sepsis with positive blood cultures, one patient developed ventilator-associated pneumonia, and one patient developed wound infection (0.6%). No cases of mediastinitis occurred. No statistical differences in characteristics between patients with and without infectious complications could be identified. CONCLUSION: Infectious complications after DSC at our institution were notably less than reported in recent literature, primarily due to minimization of surgical site infections. Practices described in the article, including closing skin over the open sternum whenever possible, could potentially aid other institutions aiming to reduce infectious complications associated with DSC.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Mediastinite/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Esternotomia/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mediastinite/etiologia , Esterno/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia
17.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 34(3): 335-343, 2019 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To reveal the risk factors that can lead to a complicated course and an increased morbidity in patients < 1 year old after surgical ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients who were admitted to our institution for surgical VSD closure who were under one year of age, between 2015 and 2018. Mechanical ventilation (MV) time > 24 hours, intensive care unit (ICU) stay longer than three days, and hospital stay longer than seven days were defined as "prolonged". Unplanned reoperation, complete heart block requiring a permanent pacemaker implantation, sudden circulatory arrest, and death were considered as significant major adverse events (MAE). RESULTS: VSD closure was performed in 185 patients. The median age was five (1-12) months. There was prolonged MV time in 54 (29.2%) patients. Four patients (2.2%) required permanent pacemaker implantation. Hemodynamically significant residual VSD was observed in six (3.2%) patients. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed in one (0.5%) patient. Small age (< 4 months) (P-value<0.001) and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time (P=0.03) were found to delay extubation and to prolong MV time. Low birth weight at the operation was associated with MAE (P=0.03). CONCLUSION: Higher body weight during operation had a reducing effect on the MAE frequency and shortened the MV duration, ICU stay, and hospital stay. As a conclusion, for patients who are scheduled to undergo VSD closure, body weight should be taken into consideration.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/efeitos adversos , Fatores Etários , Peso Corporal , Ponte Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
18.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 82, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An open abdomen is often necessary for survival of patients after peritonitis, compartment syndrome, or in damage control surgery. However, abdominal wall retraction relieves delays and complicates abdominal wall closure. The principle of the newly fascia preserving device (FPD) is the application of anteriorly directed traction on both fascial edges over an external support through a longitudinal beam to relieve increased abdominal pressure and prevent fascial retraction. METHODS: Twelve pigs were randomly divided into two groups. Both groups underwent midline laparotomy under general anesthesia. Group one was treated with the new device, group two served as controls. The tension for closing the abdominal fascia was measured immediately after laparotomy as well as at 24 and 48 h. Vital parameters and ventilation pressure were recorded. Post mortem, all fascial tissues were histologically examined. RESULTS: All pigs demonstrated increases in abdominal circumference. In both groups, forces for closing the abdomen increased over the observation period. Concerning the central closing force after 24 h we saw a significant lower force in the FPD group (14.4 ± 3 N) vs. control group (21.6 ± 5.7 N, p < 0.001). By testing the main effects using an ANOVA analysis we found a significant group related effect concerning closing force and abdominal circumference of the FDP-group vs. control group (p < 0.001; p < 0.001). The placement of the device on chest and pelvis did not influence vital parameters and ventilation pressure. Histologic exam detected no tissue damage. CONCLUSIONS: This trial shows the feasibility to prevent fascial retraction during the open abdomen by using the new device. Thus, it is expected that an earlier closure of the abdominal wall will be possible, and a higher rate of primary closure will be attained.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Fáscia , Laparotomia/instrumentação , Tração/instrumentação , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/instrumentação , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Estudo de Prova de Conceito , Distribuição Aleatória , Suínos
19.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 101(13): 1144-1150, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Povidone-iodine (PI) irrigation is often used prior to wound closure in total joint arthroplasty, but there are limited reports evaluating its efficacy in decreasing joint infections. The goal of this study was to compare the rate of any reoperation for infection (both superficial and deep) in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) among patients who did and did not receive PI irrigation prior to wound closure. METHODS: Using our institution's total joint registry, we identified 5,534 primary THA and 6,204 primary TKA procedures performed from 2013 to 2017. Cases were grouped on the basis of whether or not the wound was irrigated with 1 L of 0.25% PI prior to closure. PI irrigation was used in 1,322 (24%) of the THA cases and in 2,410 (39%) of the TKA cases. The rates of reoperation for infection at 3 months and 1 year were compared between the 2 groups. The same comparisons were then performed using propensity scores to account for differences in baseline characteristics. RESULTS: The rate of reoperation for infection as assessed at 3 months following THA was similar between those who received dilute PI irrigation (0.9%) and who did not (0.7%) (p = 0.7). At 1 year, the rate of reoperation for infection was similar between those who received dilute PI irrigation (0.7%) and those who did not (0.9%) (p = 0.6). After using the propensity score, there was no difference between the groups in the risk of septic reoperations. For TKA, the rate of reoperation as assessed at 3 months was similar between those who received dilute PI irrigation (0.8%) and those who did not (0.3%) (p = 0.06). At 1 year, there was a greater rate of reoperations for infection among those who received dilute PI irrigation (1.2%) compared with those who did not (0.6%) (p = 0.03). However, there was no difference in the risk of septic reoperations between the groups after using the propensity score. CONCLUSIONS: Despite enthusiasm for and progressive adoption of the use of dilute PI irrigation at our institution, there was not a significant reduction in the risk of reoperation for infection as assessed at 3 months and 1 year following primary THA and TKA. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos Locais/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Povidona-Iodo/administração & dosagem , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/prevenção & controle , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Irrigação Terapêutica , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos
20.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 81, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascularized free fibular flaps have been the "workhorses" for reconstruction of many kinds of bone defects. Nevertheless, there is no consensus regarding the optimal wound closure method for fibular donor sites. This study aimed to compare prognostic outcomes of primarily closures (PC) and skin grafts (SG) for fibular donor sites. METHODS: Studies regarding donor-site outcomes of PC versus SG in patients undergoing free fibular flap procedures were included. Two authors individually searched PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and clinicaltrials.gov up to February 2019, extracted the data and assessed quality of each selected article. Ultimately, The incidences of donor-site morbidities were evaluated. RESULTS: Five studies with a total of 119 patients were included in our analysis. No significant differences were found with respect to the rates of donor-site problems between the PC and SG groups. CONCLUSIONS: Fibular flap patients undergoing PC and SG wound closures may have similar donor-site outcomes. Additional large-scale studies are necessary to draw a solid conclusion.


Assuntos
Fíbula/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Pele , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos
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