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1.
Clin Chim Acta ; 493: 156-161, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Italian Society of Clinical Biochemistry (SIBioC) and the Italian Section of the European Ligand Assay Society (ELAS) have recently promoted a multicenter study (Italian hs-cTnI Study) with the aim to accurately evaluate analytical performances and reference values of the most popular cTnI methods commercially available in Italy. The aim of this article is to report the results of the Italian hs-cTnI Study concerning the evaluation of the 99th percentile URL and reference change (RCV) values around the 99th URL of the Access cTnI method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Heparinized plasma samples were collected from 1306 healthy adult volunteers by 8 Italian clinical centers. Every center collected from 50 to 150 plasma samples from healthy adult subjects. All volunteers denied the presence of chronic or acute diseases and had normal values of routine laboratory tests (including creatinine, electrolytes, glucose and blood counts). An older cohort of 457 adult subjects (mean age 63.0 years; SD 8.1 years, minimum 47 years, maximum 86 years) underwent also ECG and cardiac imaging analysis in order to exclude the presence of asymptomatic cardiac disease. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study confirm that the Access hsTnI method using the DxI platform satisfies the two criteria required by international guidelines for high-sensitivity methods for cTn assay. Furthermore, the results of this study confirm that the calculation of the 99th percentile URL values are greatly affected not only by age and sex of the reference population, but also by the statistical approach used for calculation of cTnI distribution parameters.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Eletrocardiografia/normas , Troponina I/sangue , Troponina T/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Adulto Jovem
2.
Phys Med Biol ; 63(22): 225011, 2018 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426968

RESUMO

Cardiac positron emission tomography (PET) imaging suffers from image blurring due to the constant motion of the heart that can impact interpretation. Hybrid PET/magnetic resonance (MR) has the potential to use radiation-free MR imaging to correct for the effects of cardio-respiratory motion in the PET data, improving qualitative and quantitative PET imaging in the heart. The purpose of this study was (i) to implement a MR image-based motion-corrected PET/MR method and (ii) to perform a proof-of-concept study of quantitative myocardial PET data in patients. The proposed method takes reconstructions of respiratory and cardiac gated PET data and applies spatial transformations to a single reference frame before averaging to form a single motion-corrected PET (MC-PET) image. Motion vector fields (MVFs) describing the transformations were derived from affine or non-rigid registration of respiratory and cardiac gated MR data. Eight patients with suspected cardiac sarcoidosis underwent cardiac PET/MR imaging after injection of 5 MBq kg-1 of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG). Myocardial regions affected by motion were identified by expert readers within which target-to-background ratios (TBR) and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) were measured on non-MC-non-gated, MC-PET, and double respiratory and cardiac gated PET images. Paired t-tests were used to determine statistical differences in quantitative uptake-measures between the different types of PET images. MC-PET images showed less blurring compared to non-MC-non-gated PET and tracer activity qualitatively aligned better with the underlying myocardial anatomy when fused with MR. TBR and CNR were significantly greater for MC-PET (2.8 ± 0.9; 21 ± 22) compared to non-MC-non-gated PET (2.4 ± 0.9, p = 0.0001; 15 ± 13, p = 0.02), while TBR was lower and CNR greater compared to double-gated PET (3.2 ± 0.9, p = 0.04; 6 ± 3, p = 0.004). This study demonstrated in a patient cohort that motion-corrected (MC) cardiac PET/MR is feasible using a retrospective MR image-based method and that improvement in TBR and CNR are achievable. MC PET/MR holds promise for improving interpretation and quantification in cardiac PET imaging.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Idoso , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento (Física) , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Imagem Multimodal/normas , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/normas , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos
3.
J Am Coll Radiol ; 15(8): 1153-1157, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27039002

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Routine chest CT and cardiac CT angiography (CTA) both image the heart, albeit with different precision and intent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic ability of radiologists with different levels of cardiac training to identify cardiac findings on chest CT without electrocardiographic gating compared with a reference standard of electrocardiographically gated cardiac CTA. METHODS: Electrocardiographically gated cardiac CT angiographic studies performed between January 2005 to January 2010 in patients with routine chest CT within six months were retrospectively identified. Fourteen radiologists at four stages of training (stage 1, residents with no cardiac training [n = 4]; stage 2, residents who had completed at least one dedicated rotation of cardiac imaging [n = 3]; stage 3, radiologists without cardiac training [n = 3]; and stage 4, radiologists with formal cardiac fellowship training [n = 4]) performed blinded, anonymized cardiac readings of chest CT images. Findings were categorized (coronary arterial, noncoronary vessel, cardiac chamber, myocardial, pericardial, and valve findings) with cardiac CTA as a reference standard. RESULTS: Overall, 140 cardiac CT angiographic findings were reported in 63 of 77 patients. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of nongated CTA were 43.6%, 96.8%, 83.0%, 81.6%, and 81.8%, respectively, for all readers. Increasing training was associated with higher sensitivity (30.3%, 35.7%, 45.7%, and 61.2% from stages 1 to 4) but similar specificity (96.4%, 96.7%, 96.3%, and 97.6% from stages 1 to 4). Frequently missed findings categories were coronary arterial, myocardial, and cardiac chamber findings. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing cardiac imaging training correlates with increased sensitivity and stable specificity to detect cardiac findings on routine chest CT without electrocardiographic gating. Cardiac findings should be noted on chest CT when observed, and cardiac training should be encouraged.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/normas , Competência Clínica , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Achados Incidentais , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/normas , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Erros de Diagnóstico/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
MAGMA ; 30(4): 347-357, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28220266

RESUMO

OBJECT: The aim of this study was to test and validate the clinical impact of parametric amplitude images obtained using the Hilbert transform on the regional interpretation of cardiac wall motion abnormalities from cine-MR images by non-expert radiologists compared with expert consensus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cine-MRI short-axis images obtained in 20 patients (10 with myocardial infarction, 5 with myocarditis and 5 with normal function) were processed to compute a parametric amplitude image for each using the Hilbert transform. Two expert radiologists blindly reviewed the cine-MR images to define a gold standard for wall motion interpretation for each left ventricular sector. Two non-expert radiologists reviewed and graded the same images without and in combination with parametric images. Grades assigned to each segment in the two separate sessions were compared with the gold standard. RESULTS: According to expert interpretation, 264/320 (82.5%) segments were classified as normal and 56/320 (17.5%) were considered abnormal. The accuracy of the non-expert radiologists' grades compared to the gold standard was significantly improved by adding parametric images (from 87.2 to 94.6%) together with sensitivity (from 64.29 to 84.4%) and specificity (from 92 to 96.9%), also resulting in reduced interobserver variability (from 12.8 to 5.6%). CONCLUSION: The use of parametric amplitude images based on the Hilbert transform in conjunction with cine-MRI was shown to be a promising technique for improvement of the detection of left ventricular wall motion abnormalities in less expert radiologists.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/métodos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/normas , Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Prova Pericial/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/normas , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocardite/fisiopatologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Músculos Papilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Papilares/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Nucl Med Commun ; 34(10): 990-1004, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23880898

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to evaluate UK-wide interinstitutional reproducibility of left-ventricular functional parameters, end-systolic volume, end-diastolic volume and ejection fraction, obtained from gated myocardial perfusion imaging (GMPI) studies using technetium-99m-labelled radiopharmaceuticals. The study was carried out by the UK Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine Nuclear Medicine Software Quality Group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten anonymized clinical GMPI studies, five with normal perfusion and five with perfusion defects, were made available in DICOM and proprietary formats for download and through manufacturers' representatives. Two of the studies were duplicated in order to assess intraoperator repeatability, giving a total of 12 studies. Studies were made available in 8 and 16 frames/cycle. RESULTS: A total of 58 institutions across England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland participated in this study using six different computer packages. Studies were processed at centres using their normal clinical computers and software. The overall mean±SD ejection fraction for all centres was 58.5±3%; the mean end-diastolic volume was 114±12 ml and the mean end-systolic volume was 54±6 ml. The results were affected by the number of frames per cycle and by the postprocessing computer package, but not by the reconstruction filter in the filtered back-projection. CONCLUSION: Calculation of functional parameters from GMPI using technetium-99m-labelled radiopharmaceuticals is reliable and shows limited variability across the UK.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Auditoria Médica , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio/normas , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reino Unido
8.
Med Image Anal ; 17(6): 632-48, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23708255

RESUMO

In this paper we present a benchmarking framework for the validation of cardiac motion analysis algorithms. The reported methods are the response to an open challenge that was issued to the medical imaging community through a MICCAI workshop. The database included magnetic resonance (MR) and 3D ultrasound (3DUS) datasets from a dynamic phantom and 15 healthy volunteers. Participants processed 3D tagged MR datasets (3DTAG), cine steady state free precession MR datasets (SSFP) and 3DUS datasets, amounting to 1158 image volumes. Ground-truth for motion tracking was based on 12 landmarks (4 walls at 3 ventricular levels). They were manually tracked by two observers in the 3DTAG data over the whole cardiac cycle, using an in-house application with 4D visualization capabilities. The median of the inter-observer variability was computed for the phantom dataset (0.77 mm) and for the volunteer datasets (0.84 mm). The ground-truth was registered to 3DUS coordinates using a point based similarity transform. Four institutions responded to the challenge by providing motion estimates for the data: Fraunhofer MEVIS (MEVIS), Bremen, Germany; Imperial College London - University College London (IUCL), UK; Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Barcelona, Spain; Inria-Asclepios project (INRIA), France. Details on the implementation and evaluation of the four methodologies are presented in this manuscript. The manually tracked landmarks were used to evaluate tracking accuracy of all methodologies. For 3DTAG, median values were computed over all time frames for the phantom dataset (MEVIS=1.20mm, IUCL=0.73 mm, UPF=1.10mm, INRIA=1.09 mm) and for the volunteer datasets (MEVIS=1.33 mm, IUCL=1.52 mm, UPF=1.09 mm, INRIA=1.32 mm). For 3DUS, median values were computed at end diastole and end systole for the phantom dataset (MEVIS=4.40 mm, UPF=3.48 mm, INRIA=4.78 mm) and for the volunteer datasets (MEVIS=3.51 mm, UPF=3.71 mm, INRIA=4.07 mm). For SSFP, median values were computed at end diastole and end systole for the phantom dataset(UPF=6.18 mm, INRIA=3.93 mm) and for the volunteer datasets (UPF=3.09 mm, INRIA=4.78 mm). Finally, strain curves were generated and qualitatively compared. Good agreement was found between the different modalities and methodologies, except for radial strain that showed a high variability in cases of lower image quality.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Bases de Dados Factuais/normas , Ecocardiografia/normas , Coração/fisiologia , Imagem Tridimensional/normas , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Movimento , Adulto , Benchmarking , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Europa (Continente) , Voluntários Saudáveis , Coração/anatomia & histologia , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
10.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 29(2): 489-96, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22890796

RESUMO

Enlargement and dysfunction of the right ventricle (RV) is a sign and outcome predictor of many cardiopulmonary diseases. Due to the complex geometry of the RV exact volumetry is cumbersome and time-consuming. We evaluated the performance of prototype software for fully automated RV segmentation and volumetry from cardiac CT data. In 50 retrospectively ECG-gated coronary CT angiography scans the endsystolic (RVVmin) and enddiastolic (RVVmax) volume of the right ventricle was calculated fully automatically by prototype software. Manual slice segmentation by two independent radiologists served as the reference standard. Measurement periods were compared for both methods. RV volumes calculated with the software were in strong agreement with the results from manual slice segmentation (Bland-Altman r = 0.95-0.98; p < 0.001; Lin's correlation Rho = 0.87-0.96, p < 0.001) for RVVmax and RVVmin with excellent interobserver agreement between both radiologists (r = 0.97; p < 0.001). The measurement period was significantly shorter with the software (153 ± 9 s) than with manual slice segmentation (658 ± 211 s). The prototype software demonstrated very good performance in comparison to the reference standard. It promises robust RV volume results and minimizes postprocessing time.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Eletrocardiografia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Validação de Programas de Computador , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Automação , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/normas , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Eletrocardiografia/normas , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Direita
11.
Circ Cardiovasc Imaging ; 6(2): 329-38, 2013 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23258478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate measures are critical when attempting to distinguish normal from pathological changes in cardiac function during exercise, yet imaging modalities have seldom been assessed against invasive exercise standards. We sought to validate a novel method of biventricular volume quantification by cardiac MRI (CMR) during maximal exercise. METHODS AND RESULTS: CMR was performed on 34 subjects during exercise and free-breathing with the use of an ungated real-time (RT-ungated) CMR sequence. ECG and respiratory movements were retrospectively synchronized, enabling compensation for cardiac cycle and respiratory phase. Feasibility of RT-ungated imaging was compared with standard exercise CMR imaging with ECG gating (gated); accuracy of RT-ungated CMR was assessed against an invasive standard (direct Fick); and reproducibility was determined after a second bout of maximal exercise. Ventricular volumes were analyzed more frequently during high-intensity exercise with RT-ungated compared with gated CMR (100% versus 47%; P<0.0001) and with better interobserver variability for RT-ungated (coefficient of variation=1.9% and 2.0% for left and right ventricular stroke volumes, respectively) than gated (coefficient of variation=15.2% and 13.6%; P<0.01). Cardiac output determined by RT-ungated CMR proved accurate against the direct Fick method with excellent agreement (intraclass correlation coefficient, R=0.96), which was highly reproducible during a second bout of maximal exercise (R=0.98). CONCLUSIONS: When RT-ungated CMR is combined with post hoc analysis incorporating compensation for respiratory motion, highly reproducible and accurate biventricular volumes can be measured during maximal exercise.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Teste de Esforço/normas , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Arritmias Cardíacas/patologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Criança , Eletrocardiografia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/patologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Padrões de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Respiração , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 28 Suppl 2: 101-7, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23099512

RESUMO

To determine the feasibility of dual-source coronary CT angiography (CTA) using a prospectively electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggered axial mode to target end-systole in patients with high heart rates (HR) as compared with the retrospective mode. One hundred fifty consecutive patients with regular HR > 75 bpm who underwent coronary CTA were enrolled; 75 patients underwent prospectively ECG-triggered coronary CTA targeting only end-systole (Prospective Axial Group) and 75 patients underwent retrospectively ECG-gated coronary CTA (Retrospective Helical Group). The image quality of multiple coronary artery segments was evaluated and radiation doses were recorded. The diagnostic performance of coronary CTA was compared to the reference standard of invasive coronary angiography in 52 patients (35 %) (28 patients in Prospective Axial Group and 24 patients in Retrospective Helical Group). Image quality was not significantly different between the 2 groups (P = 0.784). In subgroup analysis, segment-based sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of coronary CTA were 98, 96, 88 and 99 %, respectively, in the Prospective Axial Group and were 97, 95, 82, and 99 %, respectively, in the Retrospective Helical Group. Mean radiation dose was significantly lower for the Prospective Axial Group than for the Retrospective Helical Group (2.9 ± 1.4 vs. 7.4 ± 3.3 mSv; P < 0.0001). Dual source coronary CTA with a prospective ECG-triggered axial mode targeting end-systole is feasible in patients with regular high HRs for evaluation of coronary artery disease. It provides comparable image quality and diagnostic value with substantially lower radiation exposure as compared to the retrospective ECG-gated helical technique.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Idoso , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Doses de Radiação , Padrões de Referência , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Sístole , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/normas
13.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 28(1): 139-46, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21116720

RESUMO

The objective was to investigate the influence of the beat-to-beat movement of the coronary arteries on image quality of multi-segment reconstruction (MSR) images. Although MSR improves temporal resolution, image quality would be degraded by beat-to-beat movement of the coronary arteries. In a retrospectively review, 18 patients (mean age, 67.0 years) who underwent coronary CT angiography using a 320-detector row CT were included. The displacement and diameter of coronary artery segments for each of the identified nine landmarks was recorded. The motion ratio was calculated as the division of displacement by diameter. Image quality (IQ) was graded by a four-point scale. The correlation between MSR IQ score and the motion ratio showed stronger negative correlation than that between MSR IQ score and the displacement (r = -0.54 vs. r = -0.36). The average motion ratio for segments in which half-scan reconstruction (HSR) IQ was better than MSR IQ (29.1%, group A) was higher than that for segments in which MSR IQ was better than HSR IQ (16.0%, group C). The motion ratio in group C was lower than 25%. Difference in IQ scores of the HSR images was more frequent in group A than in the remaining segments in which the motion ratio was lower than 25% (16.7% vs. 66.0%; P < 0.0002). The motion ratio could be a better index than the displacement to evaluate the influence of the motion of coronary arteries on image quality. MSR images would be impaired by a motion ratio larger than 25%. Image impairment of one of the HSR images might also impair MSR images.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Eletrocardiografia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artefatos , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento (Física) , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/normas
14.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 28(1): 153-62, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21153709

RESUMO

To compare image quality and radiation dose estimates for coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) obtained with a prospectively gated transaxial (PGT) CT technique and a retrospectively gated helical (RGH) CT technique using a 256-slice multidetector CT (MDCT) scanner and establish an upper limit of heart rate to achieve reliable diagnostic image quality using PGT. 200 patients (135 males, 65 females) with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent CCTA on a 256-slice MDCT scanner. The PGT patients were enrolled prospectively from January to June, 2009. For each PGT patient, we found the paired ones in retrospective-gating patients database and randomly selected one patient in these match cases and built up the RGH group. Image quality for all coronary segments was assessed and compared between the two groups using a 4-point scale (1: non-diagnostic; 4: excellent). Effective radiation doses were also compared. The average heart rate ± standard deviation (HR ± SD) between the two groups was not significantly different (PGT: 64.6 ± 12.9 bpm, range 45-97 bpm; RGH: 66.7 ± 10.9 bpm, range 48-97 bpm, P = 0.22). A receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis determined a cutoff HR of 75 bpm up to which diagnostic image quality could be achieved using the PGT technique (P < 0.001). There were no significant differences in assessable coronary segments between the two groups for HR ≤ 75 bpm (PGT: 99.9% [961 of 962 segments]; RGH: 99.8% [1038 of 1040 segments]; P = 1.0). At HR > 75 bpm, the performance of the PGT technique was affected, resulting in a moderate reduction of percentage assessable coronary segments using this approach (PGT: 95.5% [323 of 338 segments]; RGH: 98.5% [261 of 265 segments]; P = 0.04). The mean estimated effective radiation dose for the PGT group was 3.0 ± 0.7 mSv, representing reduction of 73% compared to that of the RGH group (11.1 ± 1.6 mSv) (P < 0.001). Prospectively-gated axial coronary computed tomography using a 256-slice multidetector CT scanner with a 270 ms tube rotation time enables a significant reduction in effective radiation dose while simultaneously providing image quality comparable to the retrospectively gated helical technique. Our experience demonstrates the applicability of this technique over a wider range of heart rates (up to 75 bpm) than previously reported.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Eletrocardiografia , Doses de Radiação , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/métodos , Meios de Contraste , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Iohexol , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Intensificação de Imagem Radiográfica/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/normas
15.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 13: 75, 2011 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22123333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare 11 heartbeat (HB) and 17 HB modified lock locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) pulse sequence at 3T and to establish preliminary reference values for myocardial T1 and the extracellular volume fraction (ECV). METHODS: Both phantoms and normal volunteers were scanned at 3T using 11 HB and 17 HB MOLLI sequence with the following parameters: spatial resolution = 1.75 × 1.75 × 10 mm on a 256 × 180 matrix, TI initial = 110 ms, TI increment = 80 ms, flip angle = 35°, TR/TE = 1.9/1.0 ms. All volunteers were administered Gadolinium-DTPA (Magnevist, 0.15 mmol/kg), and multiple post-contrast MOLLI scans were performed at the same pre-contrast position from 3.5-23.5 minutes after a bolus contrast injection. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images were also acquired 12-30 minutes after the gadolinium bolus. RESULTS: T1 values of 11 HB and 17 HB MOLLI displayed good agreement in both phantom and volunteers. The average pre-contrast myocardial and blood T1 was 1315 ± 39 ms and 2020 ± 129 ms, respectively. ECV was stable between 8.5 to 23.5 minutes post contrast with an average of 26.7 ± 1.0%. CONCLUSION: The 11 HB MOLLI is a faster method for high-resolution myocardial T1 mapping at 3T. ECV fractions are stable over a wide time range after contrast administration.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca , Coração/anatomia & histologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio , Adulto , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/instrumentação , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca/normas , Meios de Contraste , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Gadolínio DTPA , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/instrumentação , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Masculino , Maryland , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagens de Fantasmas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
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