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1.
Evid Based Dent ; 22(1): 36-37, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772133

RESUMO

Objectives To examine whether periodontal injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) could accelerate orthodontic tooth movement.Methods A split-mouth randomised controlled clinical trial was conducted among 16 female participants. Canines were retracted on 0.017 x 0.025-inch stainless steel archwires through closed-coil springs attached on first molars with mini-screws for anchorage preservation. The intervention side received PRP + CaCl2 solution and the control side CaCl2 only. Intraligamental injections were performed during the canine retraction period every three weeks (zero, three and six weeks). The rate of canine retraction was assessed through superimposition of digital models every month for a total of four months. Assessment of associated pain was conducted by questionnaire.Results During the four-month period, a faster rate of canine retraction was detected on the intervention side only for the first month. Following cessation of PRP injections, the rate of canine retraction on the intervention side was initially slower than and then similar to that on the control side. An increase of pain was reported on both sides.Conclusions PRP could accelerate orthodontic tooth movement in the short term with no prolonged effects.


Assuntos
Plasma Rico em Plaquetas , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Dente Canino , Feminino , Dente Molar , Aço Inoxidável
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(8): e24869, 2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663114

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Techniques for enhancing the effective space of the mandibular arch are urgently needed. Therefore, this study aimed to perform mandibular expansion in combination with a fixed-appliance technique, with preliminary monitoring by finite element analysis and 3-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).Finite element models were structured according to CBCT images of a 14-year-old girl. The von Mises stress of the alveolar bone and tooth displacement were assessed in different models. The technique was also applied in an 11-year-old boy. CBCT was performed at post-expansion, post-retention, post-treatment and 2 years after treatment. Tooth movement and alveolar bone stress were assessed by the CAD software.Finite element analysis suggested that the teeth tended to stand upright in the buccal side in the expander model compared with the expander-remove model. However, minimum tooth change was observed in the normal model, indicating highest stability. The von Mises stress of the alveolar bone was decreased in the normal model compared with the expander model, suggesting that buccal-inclined teeth could more easily lead to alveolar bone stress than normal ones. Based on CBCT data and the 3D mandibular dentition model fitting, mandibular teeth tended to be upright in the buccal side after retention compared with the post-expansion condition, which somewhat differed from finite element analysis results. Furthermore, dehiscence and fenestration were not observed.This expansion technique is expected to increase the effective space after mandibular expansion and reduce buccal alveolar bone stress.


Assuntos
Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/instrumentação , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Projetos Piloto
3.
Prog Orthod ; 22(1): 8, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33718992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This review synthesizes the available evidence about the predisposition of individuals with asthma or allergies to orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) and possible factors related to root resorption that were investigated in the included studies, such as the type of malocclusion, duration of orthodontic treatment, and tooth units. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six electronic databases and partial gray literature were searched without date or language restrictions until September 2020. Prospective and retrospective observational cohort and case-control studies were included. The risk of bias (RoB) was assessed using the checklists from the Joanna Briggs Institute and the certainty of the evidence using the GRADE tool. To complement the case-control studies, the odds ratio (OR) of the individuals with allergies/asthma to develop root resorption was calculated. RESULTS: Six studies were included. One study with low RoB, one with moderate, and one with high RoB stated that allergic patients did not report a greater chance of developing OIIRR (OR = 1.17 to 2.10, p = 0.1 to 1), while only one study with low RoB reported that individuals with allergies tend to develop root resorption (OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.08-5.37). Three studies with low RoB and one with moderate showed no significant association between asthma and OIIRR (OR = 1.05 to 3.42, p = 0.12 to 0.94). No association was identified between the type of malocclusion and the degree of OIIRR. Uniradicular dental units and a prolonged treatment time seem to be associated with an increased risk of resorption. The certainty of the evidence was considered low for both exposure factors. CONCLUSION: Evidence with a low level of certainty indicates that individuals with allergies or asthma are not more predisposed to OIIRR. Uniradicular teeth and long-term orthodontic treatments are associated with a higher risk of OIIRR. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42020188463.


Assuntos
Asma , Má Oclusão , Reabsorção da Raiz , Asma/complicações , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
4.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 22(1): 35-40, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to illustrate the use of a modified vertical holding appliance (G-VHA) to obtain the vertical control of maxillary molars and tongue stimulation in order to achieve a transverse activation in growing patients with dental open bite without the patient's compliance. CASE REPORTS: The G-VHA is a modified trans-palatal bar with a resin pad covering the Omega central loop and two adjunctive lateral loops to ensure the bar flexibility. The G-VHA is designed to direct the force of the tongue against the upper molars to generate intrusion and at the same time to stimulate and re-educate the tongue. Two cases of dental open bite in growing patients are illustrated. Both patients were successfully treated, and the open bite was fully corrected thanks to molar intrusion, following counterclockwise rotation of the mandible and tongue correction. Finishing of alignment was performed in phase II of the treatment with conventional appliances. CONCLUSION: The G-VHA proved to be effective in controlling the vertical position of maxillary molars promoting the counter-clockwise rotation of the mandible and stimulating a different tongue posture.


Assuntos
Mordida Aberta , Cefalometria , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Molar , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
5.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 19(1): 203-216, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723980

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the comprehensive effects of photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy on teeth after active orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. Six databases were electronically searched and screened for eligible human and animal studies published up to August 2020. The risk of bias was assessed based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Experiment Tool. Two independent reviewers performed all procedures in duplicate. Any disagreement was resolved by discussion or consultation with a third reviewer. RESULTS: A total of 395 records were identified from the initial search up to August 2020. Following screening, 16 full-text articles were reviewed for eligibility (κ > 0.90), and ultimately 9 studies (3 clinical studies and 6 animal studies) were included in this review. The key outcomes observed were 'tooth position maintenance' and 'root resorption rehabilitation'. Two controlled clinical trials and two animal studies supported the preventive effects of PBM therapy on the relapse of post-orthodontic tooth positions, while the other two animal studies reported opposing findings. Regarding root resorption, all evidence supported the rehabilitation potential using PBM therapy for teeth that had undergone orthodontic tooth movement. There was a high risk of bias among studies, except for one randomised controlled trial. Due to the substantial heterogeneity among studies in terms of their types, participants, designs, PBM therapy settings and variables of interest, it was not possible to conduct a meta-analysis; therefore, a qualitative synthesis is presented. CONCLUSION: The quality of evidence for PBM therapy contributing to the maintenance of tooth position or improved dental health after orthodontic treatment remains low. There is considerable controversy over the effects of PBM therapy on orthodontic relapse. However, the use of PBM therapy after orthodontic treatment has promising effects for root resorption rehabilitation and is generally recommended.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Reabsorção da Raiz , Animais , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
6.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 24 Suppl 1: 31-38, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652500

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term position of erupted third molars after maxillary total arch distalization using modified C-palatal plates (MCPPs) in adolescents and to identify factors associated with these positions. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Sixty-two third molars (male: 20, female: 42) in Class II patients treated with MCPPs and thirty-nine teeth for the Control group (male: 22, female: 17). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples were analyzed using panoramic radiographs taken initially (T0), after treatment (T1) and after >3 years retention (T2). Third molars were classified as downward (Group A, N = 31; males: 12, females: 19) and upward (Group B, N = 31; males: 8, females: 23) based on their vertical position after treatment. Analysis of variance and multiple logistic regression analysis were performed. RESULTS: The vertical position of the third molars of Group A, Group B, and the Control showed a 2.2, 3.5 and 2.7 mm downward movement at T2. However, there was no difference in the amount of third molar eruption among the groups. Regarding factors affecting the vertical distance of the third molar, Age, C8-OP, ∠8-OP and D7-T at the initial affected vertical position of the third molars after molar distalization (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Group A and B showed no difference in the third molar eruption during retention after total arch distalization. This study suggests that it might be unnecessary to extract the developing third molar before molar distalization in Class II adolescents.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Dente Serotino , Adolescente , Cefalometria , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
7.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 128(3): 161-166, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734222

RESUMO

Eruption of mandibular second molars usually occurs around the age of 12. Incomplete eruption of second molars in such young patients can lead to loss of the molars, due to caries, root resorption or periodontal pathology. When a pathology of this kind develops, the treatment option for a mesially impacted molar is often to extract the tooth. If tooth eruption is, however, monitored closely by the dentist and/or orthodontist, early treatment can be considered in order to preserve the tooth. Partially impacted second molars can be placed in a functional anatomical position by surgical uprighting and repositioning. As long as certain conditions are met, this results in sound functionality with preservation of the full dentition. In cases of incomplete eruption, this treatment option should therefore be considered by dentists and orthodontists before extracting the second molars.


Assuntos
Mandíbula , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Dente Serotino , Erupção Dentária , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia
8.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 26(1): e21bbo1, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729292

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic treatment in patients with traumatized teeth is a condition that needs good planning in order to achieve satisfactory results. OBJECTIVE: To discuss approaches to orthodontic treatment of malocclusions associated with trauma followed by avulsion of anterior teeth, reimplanted after a short period of time. CASE REPORT: The treatment started with the distalization of upper posterior teeth, with the aid of mini-implants and sliding jigs, followed by the inclusion of anterior teeth in the arch, followed by intrusion of these teeth. RESULTS: With the treatment, improved mobility of the anterior teeth was achieved, with better insertion into bone tissue. The most important factor for satisfactory treatment and a good prognosis for avulsion is the time the tooth remains outside the socket. Orthodontic treatment in patients with traumatized teeth is not contraindicated; however, clinical and radiographic aspects must be considered. CONCLUSION: Among the feasible orthodontic treatment options, the conservative approach can be a very favorable treatment alternative.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Avulsão Dentária , Adulto , Tratamento Conservador , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Avulsão Dentária/complicações , Avulsão Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Avulsão Dentária/terapia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
9.
Prog Orthod ; 22(1): 5, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33523325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of different biological agents on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) has been extensively reviewed in animal studies with conflicting results. These findings cannot be extrapolated from animals to humans. Therefore, we aimed to systematically investigate the most up-to-date available evidence of human studies regarding the effect of the administration of different biological substances on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS: A total of 8 databases were searched until the 16th of June 2020 without restrictions. Controlled randomized and non-randomized human clinical studies assessing the effect of biological substances on the rate of OTM were included. ROBINS-I and the Cochrane Risk of Bias tools were used. Reporting of this review was based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. RESULTS: A total of 11 studies (6 randomized clinical trials and 5 prospective clinical trials) were identified for inclusion. Local injections of prostaglandin E1 and vitamin C exerted a positive influence on the rate of OTM; vitamin D showed variable effects. The use of platelet-rich plasma and its derivatives showed inconsistent results, while the local use of human relaxin hormone showed no significant effects on the rate of OTM. LIMITATIONS: The limited and variable observation periods after the administration of the biological substances, the high and medium risk of bias assessment for some included studies, the variable concentrations of the assessed biological agents, the different experimental designs and teeth evaluated, and the variety of measurement tools have hampered the quantitative assessment of the results as originally planned. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Despite the methodological limitations of the included studies, this systematic review provides an important overview of the effects of a variety of biological agents on the rate of tooth movement and elucidates the deficiencies in the clinical studies that have been conducted so far to evaluate the effectiveness of these agents in humans, providing some guidelines for future robust research. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO ( CRD42020168481 , www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero ).


Assuntos
Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Dente , Animais , Fatores Biológicos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Projetos de Pesquisa
10.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(3): e275-e280, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518439

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare predicted anterior teeth intrusion measurements with the actual clinical intrusion measurements using cone-beam computed tomography. Understanding the precision of the software in anticipating changes may help practitioners predict the need for overcorrection. METHODS: Twenty-two patients, with a mean age of 23.74 years, who underwent Invisalign (Align Technology, Santa Clara, Calif) clear aligners treatment for both arches only after having completed treatment with an initial series of aligners were included in this study. The pretreatment and posttreatment cone-beam computed tomography scans after the initial series were acquired by a single orthodontist practitioner. ClinCheck measurements were recorded with Align Technology. The long axis of the anterior tooth intrusion movement was measured in 142 teeth. A comparison between the predicted and actual measurements of anterior intrusion of the teeth was performed, and the intraclass correlation coefficients showed an almost perfect agreement in the linear measurements. RESULTS: A statistically notable difference between the predicted and actual measurements of anterior intrusion. The predicted intrusion movement of the maxillary canines (P = 0.001), maxillary lateral incisors (P <0.0001), and maxillary central incisors (P <0.0001) significantly differed from the actual values. Similarly, the intrusion movement in the mandibular teeth seemed to be inaccurate, with significant differences in the mandibular canines (P <0.0001) and mandibular lateral and central incisors (P <0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The mean precision of true anterior intrusion with Invisalign clear aligners was 51.19%, and the mean amount of correction was 48.81%. The use of other supplementary methods of anterior teeth intrusion may be helpful to reduce the rate of midcourse corrections and refinements.


Assuntos
Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Adulto , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Adulto Jovem
11.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(3): e245-e251, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518440

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of different wavelengths low-level laser therapies on orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) during orthodontic tooth movement in rats by micro-computerized tomography. METHODS: Forty Wistar albino rats were divided into 5 groups: control group (A), 405-nm laser group (B), 532-nm laser group (C), 650-nm laser group (D), and 940-nm laser group (E). The left side of group A was used as a positive control (A-PC), and the right side of group A was used as a negative control (A-NC) group. In all groups, the maxillary left first molars were moved mesially by 50 g of force for 14 days. The lasers were performed for 9 minutes on the maxillary left first molar tooth. At the end of the experimental period, OIIRR measurements were performed at the mesial and the distal sides along the mesial root of the maxillary first molars. RESULTS: The root resorption volume was significantly lower in group A-NC than in groups A-PC, B, and D. The percentage of root resorption was significantly lower in group A-NC than in all other groups. The root resorption volume and the percentage of root resorption in groups C, D, and E were significantly lower than group A-PC. The depth and the width of the lacuna and even the number of mesial lacunae were similar between groups. The distal and the total lacunae were significantly lower in group A-NC than in all other groups except group C. CONCLUSIONS: The 532-nm, 650-nm, and 940-nm lasers significantly reduced the volume of OIIRR. In addition, the 532-nm laser reduced the number of lacunae both distally and totally than all the other groups.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Reabsorção da Raiz , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Reabsorção da Raiz/etiologia , Tomografia , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
12.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(3): 333-342, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33541786

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 2 extraction patterns on incisor and molar movements in patients with growing Class II Division 1. METHODS: The sample included 54 patients 10-17 years of age treated by 2 private practice orthodontists using Tweed directional force mechanics, 4 premolar extractions, J-hook headgears, and Class II elastics or Saif springs. The sample was divided on the basis of having maxillary and mandibular first premolars (4/4) or maxillary first and mandibular second premolars (4/5) extracted. Each group included 27 patients. Treatment lasted 2.8 ± 0.60 years and 2.6 ± 0.54 years for the 4/4 and 4/5 groups, respectively. Pretreatment (T1) and posttreatment lateral cephalograms and dental casts were evaluated. Cranial base, mandibular, and maxillary superimpositions were performed to quantify tooth movements and displacements. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant T1 between-group differences in crowding or in the SNA, SNB, ANB, and MPA angles. Analyses of covariance, controlling for statistically significant (P <0.05) differences in T1 mandibular incisor position, showed that mandibular first premolars extractions produced greater (1.6 mm) mandibular incisor retraction than second premolar extractions. The mandibular first molars were protracted significantly more (0.7 mm) after the second premolar than the first premolar extractions. Within-group changes of the MPA, between-group differences in the changes in MPA, and the amount of vertical eruption of the maxillary and mandibular molars were not significantly different between the 2 extraction patterns. CONCLUSIONS: Extraction of mandibular second premolars enhances Class II molar correction, with greater mesial first molar movement and less distal incisor movement. Neither extraction pattern has an effect on the MPA or the vertical dimension (ie, there was no "wedge effect").


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Mandíbula , Dente Pré-Molar/cirurgia , Cefalometria , Humanos , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Maxila , Dente Molar , Extração Dentária , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528446

RESUMO

MAPA-cision, named after those who first introduced the method, is a novel simplified regenerative technique for periodontal-orthodontic cases that can be used in all circumstances where bone thickening is required. It is an innovative, minimally invasive piezoelectric surgical procedure designed to facilitate orthodontic tooth movement while simultaneously increasing bone thickness with guided bone regeneration principles. A new regenerative device consisting of a resorbable collagen membrane with filling materials (a "bone bundle" or "small sausage") is inserted through a tunneling procedure to increase the bone envelope width by allowing the teeth to move within an enhanced periodontal support.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Dente , Regeneração Óssea , Humanos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528458

RESUMO

Orthodontic therapy could lead to marginal bone resorption in cases where the teeth are moved outside the envelope of bone. The purpose of this case series was to test corticotomy with a guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedure to regenerate bone in the direction of movement outside the original bony housing. Ten adult patients (60 anterior teeth), all presenting with severe anterior crowding, were enrolled in the study. Orthodontic therapy in all investigated sites was associated with selective surgical corticotomies and a simultaneous GBR procedure. CBCT examinations were performed before starting orthodontic treatment (T0) and at the end of treatment (T1; mean: 7 months; range: 6 to 9 months). Pre- and postoperative CBCTs were superimposed with a DICOM viewer (3D Slicer) and studied with an image-processing software (ImageJ, National Institutes of Health) to measure the area of interest of the buccal plate. The average area was found to be 0.58 ± 0.22 mm2 at T0 and 1.76 ± 0.4 mm2 at T1, with a statistically significant difference (P < .05). The combination of corticotomy and a regenerative procedure seems to have the ability to augment the original osseous anatomy when the root is moved outside of the original bony envelope.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Ortodontia , Adulto , Regeneração Óssea , Humanos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária
18.
Head Face Med ; 17(1): 3, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orthodontic root resorptions are frequently investigated in small animals, and micro-computed tomography (µCT) enables volumetric comparison. Despite, due to overlapping histograms from dentine and bone, accurate quantification of root resorption is challenging. The present study aims at (i) validating a novel automated approach for tooth segmentation (ATS), (ii) to indicate that matching of contralateral teeth is eligible to assess orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) and root resorption (RR), (iii) and to apply the novel approach in an animal trial performing orthodontic tooth movement. METHODS: The oral apparatus of three female mice were scanned with a µCT. The first molars of each jaw and animal were segmented using ATS (test) and manually (control), and contralateral volumes were compared. Agreement in root volumes and time efficiency were assessed for method validation. In another n = 14 animals, the left first upper molar was protracted for 11 days at 0.5 N, whereas the contralateral molar served as control. Following ATS, OTM and RR were estimated. RESULTS: ATS was significantly more time efficient compared to the manual approach (81% faster, P < 0.01), accurate (volume differences: - 0.01 ± 0.04 mm3), and contralateral roots had comparable volumes. Protracted molars had significantly lower root volumes (P = 0.03), whereas the amount of OTM failed to reveal linear association with RR (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Within the limits of the study, it was demonstrated that the combination of ATS and registration of contralateral jaws enables measurements of OTS and associated RR in µCT scans.


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Dente Molar/diagnóstico por imagem , Roedores , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Raiz Dentária , Microtomografia por Raio-X
19.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(4): 470-479, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558030

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to evaluate the long-term skeletodental effects, the volume of maxillary tuberosity, and airway space changes after maxillary molar distalization using modified C-palatal plate (MCPP) in adolescents with Class II malocclusion. METHODS: The sample consisted of 20 adolescent patients (MCPP group; mean age, 12.9 ± 1.0 year) who underwent bilateral distalization of their maxillary dentition and 20 subjects as a control group. In the MCPP group, cone-beam computed tomography images were taken before distalization, at the end of the treatment, and during retention with a minimum of a 3-year posttreatment follow up period. Repeated measures ANOVA followed by post-hoc analysis with the Bonferroni test were used to identify significant differences between time points. RESULTS: After the long-term observation period, sagittal skeletal and dental relationships were maintained (there were no significant changes in ANB, occlusal plane angle, and overjet postretention). The vertical skeletal dimension did not change during treatment and was stable at the long-term follow-up (the mandibular plane angle and ANS-Me were relatively well maintained). The volume of the maxillary tuberosity showed no significant change during long-term retention. However, the volume was significantly smaller in the treatment group than in the control group (P <0.0001). There were no significant airway space changes after distalization and the postretention period. In addition, there was no significant difference between the MCPP and control groups. CONCLUSIONS: Improved sagittal skeletal and dental relationships because of treatment were maintained in the long-term evaluation. There was no negative long-term effect on airway space associated with the maxillary arch distalization. Therefore, these findings might be beneficial for clinicians in diagnosis and treatment planning for Class II malocclusion in adolescents.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Adolescente , Cefalometria , Criança , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão de Angle Classe II/terapia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico
20.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(4): 480-490, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33563505

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic movement triggers a sequence of cellular and molecular events that may be affected by different systemic conditions. This study evaluated the effect of obesity on rat periodontal tissue remodeling induced by mechanical orthodontic force. METHODS: Thirty-two Holtzman rats were distributed into 4 groups: control, obesity induction (O), orthodontic movement (M), and obesity induction and orthodontic movement (OM). Obesity was induced by a high-fat diet for 90 days. After 15 days of orthodontic movement, the animals were killed. Obesity induction was confirmed by animal body weight, adipose tissue weight, and serologic analysis. Periodontal tissue remodeling was evaluated using microcomputed tomography and histologic analysis. The gene expression of adipokines and cytokines in gingival tissues was evaluated. RESULTS: An increase in body and adipose tissue weight was observed in the obesity induction groups. The O group presented an increase in lipids and blood glucose. The OM group showed a decrease in bone volume fraction and bone mineral density compared with all other groups and a tendency for more rapid tooth movement than the M group. The OM group showed a higher quantity of inflammatory cells and higher Mmp1 expression than the O group. The O and OM groups showed higher Nampt expression than the control group and lower Nampt expression than the M group. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity modulates periodontal tissue remodeling during orthodontic movement and results in more inflammation and bone loss than in nonobese animals.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Animais , Remodelação Óssea , Gengiva , Ligamento Periodontal , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Microtomografia por Raio-X
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