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1.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20190422, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935773

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The average annual incidence of cryptococcosis in Colombia is 0.23 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in the general population, and 1.1 cases per 1000 in inhabitants with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). In addition, the causal fungus has been isolated from the environment, with serotypes A-B and C in different regions. This study aims to determine the genetic association between clinical and environmental isolates of C. neoformans/C. gattii in Colombia. METHODS: Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was used to identify possible clones, providing information about the epidemiology, ecology, and etiology of this pathogen in Colombia. RESULTS: A total of 110 strains, both clinical (n=61) and environmental (n=49), with 21 MLST sequence types (ST) of C. neoformans (n=14STs) and C. gattii (n=7STs) were identified. The STs which shared clinical and environmental isolate sources were grouped in different geographical categories; for C. neoformans, ST93 was identified in six departments, ST77 in five departments; and for C. gattii, ST25 was identified in three departments and ST79 in two. CONCLUSIONS: High genetic diversity was found in isolates of C. neoformans/gattii by MLST, suggesting the presence of environmental sources harboring strains which may be sources of infection for humans, especially in immunocompromised patients; these data contribute to the information available in the country on the distribution and molecular variability of C. neoformans and C. gattii isolates recovered in Colombia.


Assuntos
Criptococose , Cryptococcus gattii , Cryptococcus neoformans , Colômbia , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4798-4807, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783804

RESUMO

Leptographium panxianense and L. puerense are proposed as new taxa based on sequence data and morphological characters. The phylogenetic analyses based on ITS2-partial LSU rDNA region, ß-tubulin and elongation factor 1-α genes showed that L. panxianense and L. puerense formed well-supported clades and were closely related to L. yunnanense, L. wushanense and L. conjunctum, and then nested within the L. lundbergii complex. The two species differ in their conidial size and shape. The conidia of L. panxianense are larger than those of L. puerense while the conidial shape of L. puerense is more ovovoid. The optimal growth temperature of both L. panxianense and L. puerense is at 20 °C, which is different from those of L. yunnanense, L. wushanense and L. conjunctum. Comparison of sequence data and morphological characters confirmed the placement of the two undescribed taxa in the genus of Leptographium.


Assuntos
Besouros/microbiologia , Ophiostomatales/classificação , Filogenia , Pinus , Animais , China , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Ophiostomatales/isolamento & purificação , Fator 1 de Elongação de Peptídeos/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Esporos Fúngicos , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4496-4501, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628104

RESUMO

Two yeast strains representing a novel species in the basidiomycetous yeast genus Naganishia were isolated from flowers of Sorbaria sorbifolia collected in Beijing Olympic Forest Park, PR China. Results of multi-gene phylogenetic analysis indicated that the two strains were closely related to the type strains of Naganishia bhutanensis (CBS 6294T) and Naganishia antarctica (CBS 7687T). However, the new isolates differed from N. bhutanensis CBS 6294T by 1.79 % sequence divergence in the D1/D2 domain (11 nt substitutions and three indels), and 2.42 % (15 nt differences and one indel) to N. antarctica CBS 7687T. In the ITS region, the new isolates showed 1.15 % divergence (7 nt substitutions and one indel) to N. bhutanensis CBS 6294T and 0.92 % divergence (5 nt substitutions and no indels) to N. antarctica CBS 7687T. A phylogenetic analysis employing the sequences of six genes (D1/D2 domain of large subunit rDNA, ITS, small subunit rDNA, two subunits of the RNA polymerase II and elongation factor-1α) indicated that the novel species belonged to the genus Naganishia and formed a well-supported clade with N. bhutanensis, N. antarctica and N. indica. Moreover, the two strains differed from their closest relatives by the ability to grow on distinct carbon and nitrogen sources and ability to grow at 30 °C. On the basis of these findings, we propose a novel species in the genus Naganishia (Filobasidiales), Naganishia floricola sp. nov. (holotype CGMCC 2.5856).


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/classificação , Flores/microbiologia , Filogenia , Rosaceae/microbiologia , Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação , China , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Análise de Sequência de DNA
4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4458-4469, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674752

RESUMO

Four new yeast species belonging to the genus Apiotrichum and two new yeast species belonging to Cutaneotrichosporon are described for strains isolated from guano samples from bat-inhabited caves in Japan. In 2005, we reported these isolates as Trichosporon species based on sequence analyses of the D1/D2 domain of large subunit (LSU) rRNA genes according to available basidiomycetous yeast classification criteria; however, to date, they have not been officially published as new species with descriptions. Their phylogenetic positions have been reanalysed based on comparison of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region sequences (including the 5.8S rRNA gene) and the D1/D2 domain of the LSU rRNA gene with those of known species; we confirmed clear separation from previously described species. Physiological and biochemical properties of the isolates also suggest their distinctiveness. Therefore, we describe Apiotrichum akiyoshidainum (holotype JCM 12595T), Apiotrichum chiropterorum (JCM 12594T), Apiotrichum coprophilum (JCM 12596T), Apiotrichum otae (JCM 12593T), Cutaneotrichosporon cavernicola (JCM 12590T) and Cutaneotrichosporon middelhovenii (JCM 12592T) as new species. C. cavernicola showed particularly distinctive morphology including large inflated anomalous cells on the hyphae and germination from the cells, although clear clamp connections on the hyphae were not confirmed. Further study is needed to elucidate the morph of this species.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/classificação , Quirópteros/microbiologia , Fezes/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Japão , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , RNA Ribossômico 5,8S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
5.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4704-4713, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697190

RESUMO

Five yeast strains were isolated from soil and sediments collected from Alps and Apennines glaciers during sampling campaigns carried out in summer 2007 and 2017, respectively. Based on morphological and physiological tests and on phylogenetic analyses reconstructed with ITS and D1/D2 sequences, the five strains were considered to belong to two related but hitherto unknown species within the genus Mrakia, in an intermediate position between Mrakia cryoconiti and Mrakia arctica. The names Mrakia stelviica (holotype DBVPG 10734T) and Mrakia montana (holotype DBVPG 10736T) are proposed for the two novel species and a detailed description of their morphological, physiological and phylogenetic features are presented. Both species fermented glucose, sucrose and trehalose, which is an uncommon feature in basidiomycetous yeasts, and showed septate hyphae with teliospore formation.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/classificação , Camada de Gelo/microbiologia , Filogenia , Animais , Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação , DNA Fúngico/genética , Itália , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
6.
J Mycol Med ; 30(3): 101011, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693980

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Otomycosis, a superficial fungal infection of the external auditory canal (EAC), is a disease with exceptionally high prevalence. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of otomycosis, the distribution of causative species and to evaluate epidemiological characteristics of these infections. METHODOLOGY: The patients' data were collected from record book and database of mycological examinations conducted at Public Health Institute Nis, Serbia. In the period from 2014 to 2018 samples of 1287 patients with symptoms and signs of EAC infection were investigated. Standard mycological methods were used for isolation and determination of fungi. RESULTS: High prevalence of otomycosis was determined in examined patients (22.7%). However, the prevalence rates did not differ significantly in the studied period (p=0.931). The majority of patients were diagnosed with only unilateral EAC infection (82.9%). Considering all patients with otomycosis, mold infections caused by the genus Aspergillus (143/48.9%) were more frequent than Candida spp. ear infections (133/45.6%), with Aspergillus niger and Candida аlbicans being predominant causative agents. Mixed Aspergillus and Candida otomycosis was established in 16 (5.5%) patients. Otomycosis was more common in male subjects (26.8%, p=0.003) who also suffered from Aspergillus otomycosis more frequently (17.5%, p<0.001). The prevalence of these infections increases with age (p=0.005), while they do not show seasonal pattern (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Noted high prevalence of otomycosis, with both yeasts and non-dermatophyte molds acting as infectious agents which require different treatment, implies the necessity for further epidemiological monitoring of this form of superficial mycoses.


Assuntos
Otomicose/epidemiologia , Otomicose/microbiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antifúngicos/classificação , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Aspergilose/tratamento farmacológico , Aspergilose/epidemiologia , Aspergilose/microbiologia , Aspergillus niger/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus niger/isolamento & purificação , Candida/classificação , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida/isolamento & purificação , Candida albicans/efeitos dos fármacos , Candida albicans/isolamento & purificação , Candidíase/tratamento farmacológico , Candidíase/epidemiologia , Candidíase/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Otomicose/tratamento farmacológico , Prevalência , Sérvia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Mycol Med ; 30(3): 101004, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534826

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aspergillus sections Terrei and Nidulantes are the less common causes of invasive aspergillosis and pulmonary aspergillosis (PA) in immunocompromised patients when compared to A. fumigatus and A. flavus. Identifying these fungi as the infectious agent is crucial because of the resistance to amphotericin B (AMB) and increased lethality. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular status, evaluate the genetic diversity and examine the antifungal susceptibility profile of the uncommon Aspergillus species. Forty-five uncommon Aspergillus species were identified based on the microscopic and macroscopic criteria. Then, the molecular identification was performed using the sequencing beta tubulin (benA) gene. In vitro antifungal susceptibility to amphotericin B (AMB), itraconazole (ITC), ravuconazole (RAV), voriconazole (VRC), caspofungin (CFG) isavuconazole (ISA) and posaconazole (POS) test was performed according to the CLSI M38-A2 guidelines. RESULTS: A. terreus was the most species detected, followed by A. nidulans, A. latus, A.ochraceus, and A. citrinoterreus, respectively. The analysis of the benA gene showed the presence of 12 distinct genotypes among the A. terreus isolates. The other species did not show any intraspecies variation. CFG exhibited the lowest MEC50/MIC50 (0.007µg/mL), followed by POS (0.125µg/mL), VRC, ITC, ISA (0.25µg/mL), RAV (0.5µg/mL), and AMB (8µg/mL). Among all the isolates, only 15.5% (7/45) were susceptible to AMB. CONCLUSION: Antifungal susceptibility pattern of the uncommon Aspergillus species is useful to improve patient management and increase knowledge concerning the local epidemiology. Moreover, this information is necessary when an outbreak dealing with drug-resistant infections occurs.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Aspergilose/microbiologia , Aspergillus , Farmacorresistência Fúngica/efeitos dos fármacos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspergilose/diagnóstico , Aspergilose/epidemiologia , Aspergillus/classificação , Aspergillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus/isolamento & purificação , Aspergillus nidulans/classificação , Aspergillus nidulans/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus nidulans/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/diagnóstico , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/epidemiologia , Infecções Fúngicas Invasivas/microbiologia , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Filogenia , Aspergilose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Aspergilose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Aspergilose Pulmonar/microbiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234334, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Onychomycosis is the most common nail disorder and is associated with diagnostic challenges. Emerging non-invasive, real-time techniques such as dermoscopy and deep convolutional neural networks have been proposed for the diagnosis of this condition. However, comparative studies of the two tools in the diagnosis of onychomycosis have not previously been conducted. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the diagnostic abilities of a deep neural network (http://nail.modelderm.com) and dermoscopic examination in patients with onychomycosis. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed in patients presenting with dystrophic features in the toenails. Clinical photographs were taken by research assistants, and the ground truth was determined either by direct microscopy using the potassium hydroxide test or by fungal culture. Five board-certified dermatologists determined a diagnosis of onychomycosis using the clinical photographs. The diagnosis was also made using the algorithm and dermoscopic examination. RESULTS: A total of 90 patients (mean age, 55.3; male, 43.3%) assessed between September 2018 and July 2019 were included in the analysis. The detection of onychomycosis using the algorithm (AUC, 0.751; 95% CI, 0.646-0.856) and that by dermoscopy (AUC, 0.755; 95% CI, 0.654-0.855) were seen to be comparable (Delong's test; P = 0.952). The sensitivity and specificity of the algorithm at the operating point were 70.2% and 72.7%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis by the five dermatologists were 73.0% and 49.7%, respectively. The Youden index of the algorithm (0.429) was also comparable to that of the dermatologists' diagnosis (0.230±0.176; Wilcoxon rank-sum test; P = 0.667). CONCLUSIONS: As a standalone method, the algorithm analyzed photographs taken by non-physician and showed comparable accuracy for the diagnosis of onychomycosis to that made by experienced dermatologists and by dermoscopic examination. Large sample size and world-wide, multicentered studies should be investigated to prove the performance of the algorithm.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Dermoscopia , Dermatoses do Pé/diagnóstico , Onicomicose/diagnóstico , Adulto , Algoritmos , Sistemas Computacionais , Dermatologistas , Diagnóstico por Computador , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Dermatoses do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Dermatoses do Pé/microbiologia , Humanos , Hidróxidos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Redes Neurais de Computação , Onicomicose/diagnóstico por imagem , Onicomicose/microbiologia , Fotografação , Compostos de Potássio , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4321-4328, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579096

RESUMO

A collection of fungal isolates obtained from crop plants, specifically grapevine and blueberry, in Peru were characterised through morphological and DNA sequence analyses of the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS), beta-tubulin (tub2) and translation elongation factor 1-alpha (tef-1α) regions. Isolates produced monomorphic and dimorphic conidiophores typical of members of the genus Clonostachys. Single- and multi-locus gene phylogenies confirmed the isolates as representing members of the genus Clonostachys, more closely related to species in the subgenus Bionectria. In phylogenetic analyses the isolates grouped in two separate clades, one corresponding to the species Clonostachys pseudochroleuca and the other one distinct from all known species of the genus Clonostachys. These isolates are recognized as representing a novel species species for which the name Clonostachys viticola is proposed.


Assuntos
Hypocreales/classificação , Filogenia , Vitis/microbiologia , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Hypocreales/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Fator 1 de Elongação de Peptídeos/genética , Peru , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tubulina (Proteína)/genética
10.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4378-4383, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584748

RESUMO

Four isolates of two novel ascosporogenous species belonging to the clade Starmera were obtained from cactus tissues and rotting wood in Brazil. Results of analyses of the sequences of the ITS and D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene indicated that the two isolates of the cactophilic species are related to Starmera caribaea and Starmera pilosocereana, yeasts that are associated with cacti and require an organic source of sulfur for growth. We propose the novel species Starmera foglemanii sp. nov. (CBS 16113T; MycoBank number: MB 834400) to accommodate these isolates. The other two isolates are phylogenetically related to Candida dendrica, Candida laemsonensis and Candida berthetii, also in the Starmera clade. The novel species name Starmera ilhagrandensis sp. nov. (CBS 16316T; MycoBank number: MB 834402) is proposed for this species.


Assuntos
Cactaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Saccharomycetales/classificação , Madeira/microbiologia , Brasil , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4217-4223, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589574

RESUMO

Five yeast strains were isolated from the gut of the groundbeetle Pterostichus gebleri and rotting wood, which were collected from two different localities in China. These strains were identified as representing two novel species of the genus Blastobotrys through comparison of sequences in the D1/D2 domains of the LSU rRNA gene and other taxonomic characteristics. Blastobotrys baotianmanensis sp. nov. produces two to three spherical ascospores per ascus, and is most closely related to the type strains of B. elegans, B. capitulata, B. arbuscula, and an undescribed species represented by strain BG02-7-20-006A-3-1. Blastobotrys baotianmanensis sp. nov. differed from these strains by 3.6-8.4 % divergence (21-46 substitutions and 0-4 gaps) in the D1/D2 sequences. Blastobotrys xishuangbannaensis f.a., sp. nov. is closely related to B. nivea, B. elegans and B. aristata but the formation of ascospores was not observed on various sporulation media, and it differed from its relatives by 6.2-8.5 % divergence (34-43 substitutions and 2-6 gaps) in the D1/D2 sequences. The holotype of Blastobotrys baotianmanensis sp. nov. is NYNU 1581 and the holotype of Blastobotrys xishuangbannaensis f.a., sp. nov. is NYNU 181030.


Assuntos
Besouros/microbiologia , Filogenia , Saccharomycetales/classificação , Madeira/microbiologia , Animais , China , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Esporos Fúngicos
12.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3491-3496, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374249

RESUMO

During studies on the endophytic yeast communities associated with fruits from Vietnam, three fermenting yeast strains were isolated from fruits of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). Phylogenetic analysis based on the sequences of the ITS regions and D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene showed that these strains represented a single species of the Yamadazyma clade that was distinct from the other related species. The new species represented a basal branch of the clade formed by the Yamadazyma species i.e. Y. insecticola and Y. takamatsuzukensis. Based on the phylogenetic analysis and phenotypic characteristics, the studied strains were assigned to a novel species of the genus Yamadazyma, for which the name Yamadazyma cocois f.a., sp. nov. is proposed. The holotype is VCIM 4241, with the ex-type cultures VTCC 920004=VKM Y-3049=KBP Y-6091 code 17-68. The MycoBank number is MB 834435.


Assuntos
Cocos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Saccharomycetales/classificação , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Fermentação , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Saccharomycetales/isolamento & purificação , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vietnã
13.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3449-3454, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375951

RESUMO

Plants are important reservoirs of described and undescribed species of yeast. During a study of yeasts associated with bromeliads from the Northeast region of Brazil (collected in 2013-2017), analysis of the D1/D2 domain of the LSU rRNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region identified eleven strains of yeasts as representing an unknown species of the genus Vishniacozyma. The species may have a diverse habitat in Brazil as a strain was collected from a flowering plant (Acanthaceae) in 1994. As a consequence, we propose Vishniacozyma alagoana sp. nov. as a member of the tremellomycetes yeasts (Agaricomycotina, Basidiomycota). Vishniacozyma alagoana sp. nov. was found in Atlantic Forest (a tropical rainforest) and the Caatinga (a seasonally dry tropical forest) associated with bromeliads in northeast and southeastern Brazil. The proposed novel species is related to Vishniacozyma taibaiensis and distinguished by eight nucleotide substitutions in the D1/D2 domain and seventeen in the ITS region. In addition, Vishniacozyma alagoana sp. nov. differs from V. taibaiensis by the ability to assimilate ribitol. The holotype is CBS 15966T.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/classificação , Bromeliaceae/microbiologia , Filogenia , Floresta Úmida , Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação , Brasil , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , RNA Ribossômico/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3374-3378, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375978

RESUMO

Kluyveromyces osmophilus, a single-strain species isolated from Mozambique sugar, has been treated a synonym of Zygosaccharomyces mellis. Analyses of D1/D2 LSU rRNA gene sequences confirmed that the species belongs to the genus Zygosaccharomyces but showed it to be distinct from strains of Z. mellis. During studies of yeasts associated with stingless bees in Brazil, nine additional isolates of the species were obtained from unripe and ripe honey and pollen of Scaptotrigona cfr. bipunctata, as well as ripe honey of Tetragonisca angustula. The D1/D2 sequences of the Brazilian isolates were identical to those of the type strain of K. osmophilus CBS 5499 (=ATCC 22027), indicating that they represent the same species. Phylogenomic analyses using 4038 orthologous genes support the reinstatement of K. osmophilus as a member of the genus Zygosaccharomyces. We, therefore, propose the name Zygosaccharomyces osmophilus comb. nov. (lectotype ATCC 22027; MycoBank no. MB 833739).


Assuntos
Abelhas/microbiologia , Mel/microbiologia , Kluyveromyces/classificação , Pólen/microbiologia , Zygosaccharomyces/classificação , Animais , Brasil , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3433-3439, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375982

RESUMO

During a survey of endophytic fungi in aquatic plants collected from Tibet, PR China, a novel species, Ramichloridium endophyticum, was isolated from Potamogeton pectinatus. This novel species differs from other species of the genus Ramichloridium by its finely verrucose, obovoid, ellipsoidal-obovoid and occasionally subglobose conidia. Phylogenetic analysis of the combined sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) and the translation elongation factor 1-alpha gene (tef1-α) confirmed that the isolated strain represents a member of the genus Ramichloridium. A full description, illustrations and a phylogenetic tree showing the position of R. endophyticum are provided.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/classificação , Filogenia , Potamogetonaceae/microbiologia , Ascomicetos/isolamento & purificação , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Intergênico/genética , Genes Fúngicos , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Esporos Fúngicos , Tibet
16.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3475-3482, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379017

RESUMO

This study describes a novel fungal species belonging to the genus Gongronella. During a previous work focusing on metalaxyl degradation by Mucorales strains, two isolates from vineyard soil samples collected in the Alentejo region, south Portugal, were identified as a putative novel species based on combined molecular and MALDI-TOF MS data. This new species is described here using a polyphasic approach that combines morphology, internal transcribed spacer of ribosomal DNA (ITS) and 28S ribosomal DNA (LSU) sequence data analysis and proteomic profiling by MALDI-TOF MS. Phenotypic and molecular data enabled this novel species to be clearly distinguished from other Gongronella species with results of combined ITS+LSU analysis showing that the Gongronella species is related to Gongronella butleri and Gongronella brasiliensis. Therefore, from the results of morphological and molecular analyses, isolates MUM 10.262 and MUM 10.263 seem to represent a new Gongronella species and the name Gongronella eborensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the ex-type strain MUM 10.262 (=CCMI 1100=CBS 128763).


Assuntos
Mucorales/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Mucorales/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Portugal , Proteômica , RNA Ribossômico 28S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitis
17.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3711-3717, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416741

RESUMO

Twenty-one psychrophilic yeast isolates related to the Camptobasidiaceae family in the Microbotryomycetes class were obtained from ice collected from cold environments worldwide. A new psychrophilic species from the recently described genus Cryolevonia, Cryolevania giraudoae is proposed to accommodate 18 isolates from Patagonia (Argentina) and Antarctica (holotype CRUB 2086T). In addition, a new psychrophilic species in the genus Camptobasidium is described as Camptobasidium gelus sp. nov. (holotype CBS 8941T), based on three isolates from glacial ice in the Russel glacier (Greenland ice sheet) and Antarctica. The strict psychrophilic profile is the salient feature of both novel species.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/classificação , Camada de Gelo/microbiologia , Filogenia , Regiões Antárticas , Argentina , Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação , DNA Fúngico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Análise de Sequência de DNA
18.
J Mycol Med ; 30(2): 100953, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32362445

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to discover novel biomarkers involved in voriconazole resistance in clinical isolates of Aspergillus flavus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two voriconazole non-wild-type and two voriconazole-wild-type A. flavus clinical isolates were selected to evaluate possible molecular mechanism involved in A. flavus resistance to voriconazole using the mutation assessment, Quantitative real- time PCR of cyp51A and cyp51C genes and complementary DNA- amplified fragment length polymorphism technique. RESULTS: No mutations were seen in the cyp51A and cyp51C genes in voriconazole non-wild-type isolates compared to wild- type and reference strains. Regarding to mRNA expression results, no changes were observed in expression fold of cyp51A and cyp51C mRNA expression level in first non- wild- type isolate compared to wild-type isolate. For second isolate cyp51C mRNA expression level was down regulated (5.6 fold). The set of genes including ABC fatty acid transporter XM- 002375835 and aldehydereductase XM- 002376518 and three unknown functional genes were identified. Based on results, the over-expression of AKR1 and ABC fatty acid transporter in the voriconazole non- wild- type isolates suggests these genes could represent a novel molecular marker linked to the voriconazole resistance in A. flavus. CONCLUSION: The results obtained in this study showed a novel finding as the authors identified AKR1 and ABC fatty acid transporter genes as possible voriconazole target genes in Iranian clinical isolates of A. flavus.


Assuntos
Aspergilose/microbiologia , Aspergillus flavus/genética , Farmacorresistência Fúngica/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Voriconazol/uso terapêutico , Análise do Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos Amplificados , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Aspergilose/tratamento farmacológico , Aspergilose/genética , Aspergillus flavus/efeitos dos fármacos , Aspergillus flavus/isolamento & purificação , Biomarcadores/análise , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Mutação Puntual , Esterol 14-Desmetilase/genética
19.
J Mycol Med ; 30(3): 100974, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417179

RESUMO

To determine fungal species distribution of interdigital intertrigo among seafarers in Dakar, Senegal, a cross-sectional study was carried out from May to August 2017 among seafarers clinically diagnosed with interdigital intertrigo. A questionnaire was filled to each patient before sampling the affected folds and transporting to Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital where mycological analyses were realized. Species identification by MALDI-TOF MS was performed in Marseille, France. In total, 169 men (21-66 years) were included. Few of them (3%) had a high level of education and the duration of the mycosis exceed 10 years for 88% of patients. Direct microscopic examination (ME) was positive in 34.3%. Among samples with positive ME, 58.6% had positive culture. An overall incidence of 30.2% was found. Patients with confirmed cases aged between 28 and 66 years. Among them, those between 36-50 years were predominant (52.9%). Those with a high level of education were less representative (2%). For 52.1% of patients, the duration of the mycosis was superior to 10 years. Furthermore, 57% of cases were significantly associated with other types of tinea pedis and/or onychomycosis (P=0.03). Culture was positive in 23.7% isolating 43 strains successfully identified at the species level by MALDI-TOF MS for 31 isolates: 20 Candida and 11 dermatophytes. The rest was identified only at the genus level belonged to Fusarium. In definitive, MALDI-TOF MS could be a useful tool for routine and fast identification of dermatophytes, yeasts and NDFF in clinical mycology laboratories.


Assuntos
Dermatoses do Pé/microbiologia , Intertrigo/microbiologia , Militares , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Adulto , Idoso , Candida/isolamento & purificação , Estudos Transversais , Dermatoses do Pé/epidemiologia , Humanos , Intertrigo/epidemiologia , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Onicomicose/epidemiologia , Onicomicose/microbiologia , Senegal/epidemiologia , Tinha dos Pés/epidemiologia , Tinha dos Pés/microbiologia , Viagem , Trichophyton/classificação , Trichophyton/isolamento & purificação , Adulto Jovem
20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(6): 3673-3678, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416736

RESUMO

The strain DMKU-XD44, representing an anamorphic novel yeast species, was isolated from soil collected in a peat swamp forest (PSF) area in Rayong Botanical Garden in eastern Thailand. On the basis of sequence analysis of the D1/D2 region of the large subunit (LSU) rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, Teunia cuniculi CBS 10309T was the most closely related species. The novel species differed from the T. cuniculi type by 2.5 % (14 nucleotide substitutions) in the D1/D2 region of the LSU rRNA gene and by 8.0 % (40 nucleotide substitutions) in the ITS region. The results of a phylogenetic analysis, based on the combined sequences of the ITS region and the D1/D2 region, indicated that DMKU-XD44 represents a member of the Teunia clade in the Cryptococcaceae (Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, Agaricomycotina and Basidiomycota) and is phylogenetically distinct from other species of the genus Teunia in the clade. Therefore, DMKU-XD44 represents a novel species of the genus Teunia. The name Teunia siamensis f.a., sp. nov. is proposed. The holotype is DMKU-XD44, while the MycoBank number is MB 832816.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/classificação , Florestas , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Áreas Alagadas , Basidiomycota/isolamento & purificação , DNA Fúngico/genética , DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Tailândia
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