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1.
Eur Addict Res ; 26(6): 309-315, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961535

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) has led to measures of social distancing and quarantine worldwide. This stressful period may lead to psychological problems, including increases in substance use. OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis consumption before and during COVID-19 lockdown and motives for these changes in substance use. METHOD: A web-based survey was filled out by an unselected population during the social distancing measures of the COVID-19 pandemic in Belgium that assessed changes in alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis consumption in the period before and during the COVID-19 lockdown and also asked about reasons for change. RESULTS: A total of 3,632 respondents (mean age 42.1 ± 14.6 years; 70% female) filled out the survey. Overall, respondents reported consuming more alcohol (d = 0.21) and smoking more cigarettes (d = 0.13) than before the COVID-19 pandemic (both p < 0.001), while no significant changes in the consumption of cannabis were noted. The odds of consuming more alcohol during the lockdown were associated with younger age (OR = 0.981, p < 0.001), more children at home (OR = 1.220, p < 0.001), non-healthcare workers (p < 0.001), and being technically unemployed related to COVID-19 (p = 0.037). The odds of smoking more cigarettes during the lockdown were associated with younger age (OR = 0.988, p = 0.027), current living situation (p < 0.001), lower education (p = 0.015), and working situation related to COVID-19 (p = 0.018). Boredom, lack of social contacts, loss of daily structure, reward after a hard-working day, loneliness, and conviviality were the main reasons for consuming more of the various substances. CONCLUSIONS: During the lockdown, individuals consumed slightly more alcohol and smoked marginally more cigarettes compared to the period before the lockdown. Further research focussing on follow-up of individuals at risk may be useful to provide appropriate care in post-COVID times.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Fumar Cigarros/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Uso da Maconha/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Quarentena/psicologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/psicologia , Bélgica/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Tédio , Fumar Cigarros/psicologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão , Masculino , Uso da Maconha/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Características de Residência , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais , Comportamento Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731369

RESUMO

Social distancing during the coronavirus-disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is crucial to reduce the spread of the virus. However, its effectiveness hinges on adherence by individuals who face substantial burdens from the required behavioral restrictions. Here, we investigate sources of individual variation in adhering to social distancing guidelines. In a high-powered study (N = 895), we tested direct and indirect effects of boredom and self-control on adherence. The results showed that both traits were important predictors of adherence but the underlying mechanisms differed. Specifically, individuals high in boredom perceived social distancing as more difficult, which in turn reduced their adherence (i.e., a mediated effect). In contrast, individuals high in self-control adhered more to the guidelines without perceiving them as more or less difficult; however, self-control moderated the effect of difficulty on adherence. Our results are immediately relevant to improve the efficacy of social distancing guidelines in the COVID-19 response.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Tédio , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pandemias , Espaço Pessoal , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Autocontrole , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
3.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236465, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776990

RESUMO

A lockdown of people has been used as an efficient public health measure to fight against the exponential spread of the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) and allows the health system to manage the number of patients. The aim of this study (clinicaltrials.gov NCT00430818) was to evaluate the impact of both perceived stress aroused by Covid-19 and of emotions triggered by the lockdown situation on the individual experience of time. A large sample of the French population responded to a survey on their experience of the passage of time during the lockdown compared to before the lockdown. The perceived stress resulting from Covid-19 and stress at work and home were also assessed, as were the emotions felt. The results showed that people have experienced a slowing down of time during the lockdown. This time experience was not explained by the levels of perceived stress or anxiety, although these were considerable, but rather by the increase in boredom and sadness felt in the lockdown situation. The increased anger and fear of death only explained a small part of variance in the time judgment. The conscious experience of time therefore reflected the psychological difficulties experienced during lockdown and was not related to their perceived level of stress or anxiety.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Tédio , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena/métodos , Quarentena/psicologia , Tristeza/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
4.
Encephale ; 46(3S): S85-S92, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the French government has decided a general lockdown. This unprecedented situation has raised concerns about children's and adolescent's mental health. Children and adolescents diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may find this context of restrained activity particularly tricky. The objectives of our study are to gather information about the well-being and global life conditions of children and adolescents with ADHD during the COVID-19 outbreak in France. METHODS: We designed a survey including both open-ended questions and questionnaire items for parents of children and adolescents with ADHD. Parents responded to the following open-ended questions: 1) "How is your child doing since the lockdown?" 2) "How is life at home since the lockdown?" 3) "If you had a remote service provision with a mental health professional (e.g. by telephone or video technology), please share your thoughts and any suggestions with us" 4) "Please share any other items that you think are important about ADHD symptoms of your child and the lockdown situation". This survey was posted on social media on the 6th of April and disseminated by French ADHD-parent and patient organizations. The present article reports the descriptive, qualitative and textometrical analyses of the survey. RESULTS: Between day 20 and 30 of lockdown, 538 parents responded to the survey, and we included 533 responses in the final analysis. The vast majority of responders were women 95 % (95 % CI 93,50; 97,18) with children whose mean age was 10,5 (95 % CI 7.58; 13.44). Since the lockdown, 34.71 % (95 % CI 30.70; 38.94) of children experienced a worsening in well-being, 34.33 % (95 % CI 30.34; 38.56) showed no significant changes and 30.96 % (95 % CI 27.09; 35.10) were doing better according to their parents. The thematic analysis showed that an improvement of their children's anxiety was one of the main topics addressed by parents. This improvement related to less school-related strain and flexible schedules that respected their children's rhythm. Improved self-esteem was another topic that parents linked with a lesser exposure of their children to negative feed-back. Parents repeatedly reported both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity. However, optimal lockdown life conditions seemed to compensate for the impact of ADHD symptoms (e.g. sufficient space at home, presence of a garden). Some parents reported worsening of general well-being in their children, and this manifested as oppositional/defiant attitudes and emotional outbursts. Parents also cited sleep problems and anxiety in this context. As regards everyday life during lock-down, at-home schooling was another major topic-parents described that their children struggled to complete school-related tasks and that teachers seemed to have forgotten about academic accommodations. The lockdown situation seems to have raised parents' awareness of the role of inattention and ADHD symptoms in their children's learning difficulties. Due to potential selection biases, the results of our survey may not be generalizable to all children and adolescents with ADHD. The main strengths of this rapid survey-based study lies in the reactivity of the participants and the quality and diversity of their responses to the open-ended questions. CONCLUSIONS: According to their parents, most children and adolescents with ADHD experience stability or improvement of their well-being. An improvement in school-related anxiety and the flexible adjustment to the children's' rhythms as well as parents' increased awareness of the difficulties their children experience are among the key topics in parents' descriptions.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psicologia do Adolescente , Psicologia da Criança , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adolescente , Atitude , Tédio , Criança , Educação , Relações Familiares , Feminino , França , Habitação , Humanos , Atividades de Lazer , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Autoimagem , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Encephale ; 46(3S): S43-S52, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370983

RESUMO

The psychological effects of isolation have already been described in the literature (polar expeditions, submarines, prison). Nevertheless, the scale of confinement implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented. In addition to reviewing the published studies, we need to anticipate the psychological problems that could arise during or at a distance from confinement. We have gone beyond the COVID-19 literature in order to examine the implications of the known consequences of confinement, like boredom, social isolation, stress, or sleep deprivation. Anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, suicidal or addictive behaviours, domestic violence are described effects of confinement, but the mechanisms of emergence of these disorders and their interrelationships remain to be studied. For example, what are the mechanisms of emergence of post-traumatic stress disorders in the context of confinement? We also remind the reader of points of vigilance to be kept in mind with regard to eating disorders and hallucinations. Hallucinations are curiously ignored in the literature on confinement, whereas a vast literature links social isolation and hallucinations. Due to the broad psychopathological consequences, we have to look for these various symptoms to manage them. We quickly summarize the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches already in place, such as telemedicine, which is undergoing rapid development during the COVID-19 crisis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Isolamento de Pacientes/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/etiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Comportamento Aditivo/etiologia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Tédio , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Assistência à Saúde , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/etiologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , França , Alucinações/etiologia , Alucinações/psicologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Suicídio/psicologia , Telemedicina
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32290592

RESUMO

The aim of the current study was to explore the stability of the mitigating effect of students' perceived teacher enthusiasm on class-related boredom and the moderating role of boredom proneness and perceived task difficulty in such effect. A total of 984 students from five universities in China participated in the study. Questionnaires on class-related boredom, perceived teacher enthusiasm, boredom proneness, and perceived task difficulty were used to measure the respective variables. Results showed that boredom proneness and perceived task difficulty significantly moderated the relationship between perceived teacher enthusiasm and class-related boredom. Moreover, when considering perceived task difficulty, boredom proneness became silent in the moderating path between perceived teacher enthusiasm and class-related boredom. Even so, the mitigating effect of students' perceived teacher enthusiasm on class-related boredom was stable in students with different levels of boredom proneness and perceived task difficulty. The implications for learning and teaching are discussed.


Assuntos
Tédio , Pessoal de Educação , Estudantes , China , Humanos , Estudantes/psicologia , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Universidades
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32235547

RESUMO

Learning persistence is a critical element for successful online learning. The evidence provided by psychologists and educators has shown that students' interaction (student-student (SS) interaction, student-instructor (SI) interaction, and student-content (SC) interaction) significantly affects their learning persistence, which is also related to their academic emotions. However, few studies explore the relations among students' interaction, academic emotions and learning persistence in online learning environments. Furthermore, no research has focused on multi-dimensional students' interaction and specific academic emotions. Based on person-environment interaction model and transactional distance theory, this study investigates the relationship between students' interaction and learning persistence from the perspective of moderation and mediation of academic emotions including enjoyment, boredom, and anxiety. Data were collected from 339 students who had online learning experience in China. AMOS 22.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA) and SPSS 22.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA) were employed to analyze the mediating and moderating effects of academic emotions, respectively. The results revealed that students' interaction and academic emotions directly related to learning persistence. Specifically, enjoyment, anxiety and boredom had significant mediating and moderating effects on the relationship between students' interaction and learning persistence. Based on these findings, we further discussed the theoretical and practical implications on how to facilitate students' learning persistence in online learning environments.


Assuntos
Educação a Distância , Emoções , Aprendizagem , Logro , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade , Tédio , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prazer , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
8.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 205: 103061, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203734

RESUMO

Boredom is an everyday experience during uneventful situations and while waiting. Such situations are typically described as unpleasant since oneself becomes the focus of awareness, and the subjective duration expands. Self-control is an individual trait that helps to cope with unpleasant situations. Hardly any systematic studies exist on real waiting situations where people's boredom and subjective time experience are assessed in relation to self-control. Therefore, we assessed 99 participants who first filled out self-report questionnaires on emotional and metacognitive control, the Scale for Experiencing Emotions (SEE) and the Temporal Metacognition Scale (TMCS). After giving a fake reason for why they had to wait, participants were shut in an empty room alone for 7.5 minutes and afterwards asked to report their impressions regarding the experienced time and reactions to the situation. Boredom was associated with the feeling of time passing more slowly and more frequent thoughts about time. The propensity to self-regulate was related to less awareness of time and to lower levels of boredom. Mediation analyses revealed that the level of boredom mediates the relationships between self-regulation processes and time perception. The results provide new insights into the association between time perception and boredom as states in a real situation and self-regulation as a trait.


Assuntos
Tédio , Autocontrole/psicologia , Percepção do Tempo , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
9.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 22(3): 343-352, set.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1043571

RESUMO

RESUMO: Este artigo tem como objetivo refletir acerca da não comunicação reativa - conceito desenvolvido por D. W. Winnicott, que corresponde a uma reclusão patológica. Para tanto, traz o relato do atendimento psicanalítico a um adolescente que apresentava um estado de isolamento. O artigo se reporta ao modo de funcionamento psicopatológico apresentado segundo a matriz ferencziana de adoecimento psíquico, caracterizada por Luís Claudio Figueiredo. As estratégias técnicas assinaladas baseiam-se, fundamentalmente, nos conceitos de reclamação/reivindicação da psicanalista Anne Alvarez, que postula uma abordagem mais ativa no sentido de o analista ir ao alcance do paciente, configurando, assim, uma clínica revitalizadora.


Abstract: This article aims to reflect on non-reactive communication - concept developed by D. W. Winnicott that corresponds to a pathological reclusion. For that, it brings the report of psychoanalytic care to a teenager who was in a state of isolation. The article refers to the understanding the mode of psychopathological functioning presented according to the Ferenczian matrix of psychic illness, characterized by Luís Claudio Figueiredo. The technical strategies pointed out are fundamentally based on the concepts of complaint/claim of psychoanalyst Anne Alvarez, who postulates a more active approach in the sense of the analyst reaching the patient, thus configuring a revitalizing clinic.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Tédio , Timidez , Comportamento do Adolescente , Comunicação
10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(20)2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635194

RESUMO

In recent years, affective computing has been actively researched to provide a higher level of emotion-awareness. Numerous studies have been conducted to detect the user's emotions from physiological data. Among a myriad of target emotions, boredom, in particular, has been suggested to cause not only medical issues but also challenges in various facets of daily life. However, to the best of our knowledge, no previous studies have used electroencephalography (EEG) and galvanic skin response (GSR) together for boredom classification, although these data have potential features for emotion classification. To investigate the combined effect of these features on boredom classification, we collected EEG and GSR data from 28 participants using off-the-shelf sensors. During data acquisition, we used a set of stimuli comprising a video clip designed to elicit boredom and two other video clips of entertaining content. The collected samples were labeled based on the participants' questionnaire-based testimonies on experienced boredom levels. Using the collected data, we initially trained 30 models with 19 machine learning algorithms and selected the top three candidate classifiers. After tuning the hyperparameters, we validated the final models through 1000 iterations of 10-fold cross validation to increase the robustness of the test results. Our results indicated that a Multilayer Perceptron model performed the best with a mean accuracy of 79.98% (AUC: 0.781). It also revealed the correlation between boredom and the combined features of EEG and GSR. These results can be useful for building accurate affective computing systems and understanding the physiological properties of boredom.


Assuntos
Tédio , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Análise Discriminante , Feminino , Resposta Galvânica da Pele , Humanos , Masculino , Curva ROC , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Behav Processes ; 168: 103943, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479700

RESUMO

Stereotypies in captive animals are typically defined as repetitive, invariant behavioral patterns with no obvious goal or function. They are often attributed to boredom or fear and treated by introducing occupational stimuli. The present work on captive walruses examined the relationship between walrus stereotypies and species-typical foraging behaviors engaged in by their wild counterparts. Two types of walrus stereotypies were studied: (a) patterned swimming around their pool, or (b) repetitive sucking of some item, typically their own flipper. We tested two enrichment devices under filled and empty conditions: large foam/rubber mats and hollow boomer balls, both with multiple holes in them. Both devices were designed to stimulate the use of flippers, vibrissae, and mouth suctioning of small food in the devices. Walruses in the devices with food conditions increased locomotion and device contact and decreased engaging in stereotypies. We conclude: (1) daily stereotypies in these captive walruses are based on incomplete behavioral foraging "loops" (2) providing stimuli supporting completed foraging sequences can reduce stereotypies and increase active foraging components.


Assuntos
Animais de Zoológico/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar , Motivação , Meio Social , Comportamento Estereotipado , Morsas/psicologia , Animais , Comportamento Apetitivo , Tédio , Feminino , Masculino
13.
Cuad. psicol. deporte ; 19(3): 205-215, sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191683

RESUMO

El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar el efecto de la satisfacción y/o aburrimiento en la clase de EF sobre la importancia que los estudiantes le otorgan a ésta y su relación con la intención de la práctica futura de la AF en el tiempo libre. Participaron 457 estudiantes (46 % chicos y 54% chicas) con edades entre 12 y 17 (M = 14,10; DT = 0,84) de la zona metropolitana de Monterrey. Se utilizaron tres instrumentos:1) Satisfacción Intrínseca en la Educación Física; 2) Importancia y Utilidad de la Educación Física y 3) Intención de Práctica Futura de Actividad Física en el Tiempo Libre (AFTL). El modelo propuesto se probó a través de una modelación de ecuaciones estructurales utilizando el LISREL 8.80. Se encontraron relaciones positivas y significativas de la satisfacción hacia la importancia de la EF (b = ,52, p < ,01), y la importancia de la EF con la intención hacia la práctica futura de la AFTL (b = ,44, p < ,01) y un efecto indirecto significativo de la satisfacción hacia la intención de la práctica futura de la AFTL (b = ,23, p < ,01). Los resultados obtenidos en el presente trabajo demuestran la importancia de diseñar sesiones de EF innovadoras, dinámicas y divertidas ya que, de esta forma, se consigue que los adolescentes valoren y den más importancia a la asignatura de EF, aumentando la probabilidad que desarrollen comportamientos activos en un futuro, o actividades extraescolares que refuercen los beneficios de la actividad física en esta población joven


The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the satisfaction and/or boredom of physical education class has over the importance that students give to the class and its relationships with the intention of the future practice of physical activity. 457 students (46% boys and 54% girls), with ages between 12 and 17 (M = 14,10; DT = 0,84) from metropolitan area of Monterrey participated in the study. Three instruments were used: 1) Intrinsic satisfaction in Physical Education, 2) Importance and utility of physical education and 3) Intention to partake in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). The proposed model was tested through structural equation modeling using LISREL 8.80. Significant and positive relationships of the satisfaction towards the importance of P.E. (b = ,52, p < ,01), and the importance of PE with the intention towards future practice of the LTPA (b = ,44, p < ,01) and significant indirect effect of satisfaction towards intentional future practices of the LTPA (b = ,23, p < ,01). The results obtained in the present study demonstrates the importance of designing new and improved and dynamic PE sessions so that adolescents give value and importance to the PE class, increasing the probability to develop active habits in the future or extra-curricular activities that will reinforce the benefits of physical activity in this adolescent population


O objetivo desse estudo foi examinar o efeito da satisfação e/ou descontentamento na aula de EF sobre a importância que os estudantes atribuem a esta e sua relação com a intenção da prática futura da AF no tempo livre. Participaram 457 estudantes (46 % garotos e 54% garotas) com idades entre 12 e 17 (M = 14,10; DT = 0,84) da zona metropolitana de Monterrey. Se utilizaram três instrumentos: 1) Satisfação Intrínseca na Educação Física; 2) Importância e Utilidade da Educação Física e 3) Intenção de Prática Futura de Atividade Física no Tempo Livre (AFTL). O modelo proposto se provou através de uma modelação de equações estruturais utilizando o LISREL 8.80. Se encontraram relações positivas e significativas da satisfação em relação a importância da EF (b = ,52, p < ,01), e a importância da EF com a intenção de uma pratica futura da AFTL (b = ,44, p < ,01) e um efeito indireto significativo da satisfação sobre a intenção da prática futura da AFTL (b = ,23, p < ,01). Os resultados obtidos no presente trabalho demonstram a importância de desenhar seções de EF inovadoras, dinâmicas e divertidas já que, dessa forma, se consegue que os adolescentes valorizem e deem mais importância as aulas de EF, aumentando a probabilidade de que desenvolvam comportamentos ativos em um futuro ou atividades extraescolares que reforcem os benefícios da atividade física nessa população jovem


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Educação Física e Treinamento , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Tédio , Estudos Transversais , População Urbana , México
14.
Soins Psychiatr ; 40(323): 21-24, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402035

RESUMO

The acute crisis is often followed by boredom. Patients become impatient, restless, looking for ways to take their mind off things and entertain themselves. The occupational activity can then come to the rescue of these downtimes, offering solutions to encourage an encounter. Caregivers work together to 'bore' the patient. In this search for the encounter, they must take the risk of forgoing the occupational activity for the sake of the therapeutic.


Assuntos
Tédio , Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
15.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(13)2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261716

RESUMO

Emotion detection based on computer vision and remote extraction of user signals commonly rely on stimuli where users have a passive role with limited possibilities for interaction or emotional involvement, e.g., images and videos. Predictive models are also trained on a group level, which potentially excludes or dilutes key individualities of users. We present a non-obtrusive, multifactorial, user-tailored emotion detection method based on remotely estimated psychophysiological signals. A neural network learns the emotional profile of a user during the interaction with calibration games, a novel game-based emotion elicitation material designed to induce emotions while accounting for particularities of individuals. We evaluate our method in two experiments ( n = 20 and n = 62 ) with mean classification accuracy of 61.6%, which is statistically significantly better than chance-level classification. Our approach and its evaluation present unique circumstances: our model is trained on one dataset (calibration games) and tested on another (evaluation game), while preserving the natural behavior of subjects and using remote acquisition of signals. Results of this study suggest our method is feasible and an initiative to move away from questionnaires and physical sensors into a non-obtrusive, remote-based solution for detecting emotions in a context involving more naturalistic user behavior and games.


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Fotopletismografia/métodos , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia , Adulto , Tédio , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Interface Usuário-Computador
16.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 12(2): 263-281, jul.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1006226

RESUMO

O estudo teve como objetivo analisar os modos de subjetivação contemporâneos e sua relação com o tédio vivido por jovens. Trata-se de uma pesquisa de natureza qualitativa, que realizou entrevista semiestruturada e o Teste de Associação Livre de Palavras com 15 estudantes universitários. Os resultados foram analisados com o apoio do software Iramuteq e a análise de conteúdo, em que se pode perceber uma urgência para que o tempo passe mais depressa, sendo o tempo livre interpretado como algo tedioso e sinônimo de inutilidade. Em face desse tempo, os jovens buscam preenchê-lo, em uma tentativa de fugir dos possíveis pensamentos advindos com esse tempo, entretanto, tais ocupações carecem de uma significação maior. A principal alternativa utilizada para ocupar esse tempo é o uso de recursos tecnológicos, sobretudo o celular, porém, seu uso exacerbado traz repercussões na maneira de ser desses jovens e na sua relação com o outro. O tédio surge, assim, não como um sintoma individual, mas um sintoma sociopsicológico, que denuncia um jeito de ser pós-moderno. Ao olhar para esse jovem contemporâneo, entende-se que a Psicologia deve ter consciência do contexto em que essas subjetividades são constituídas e do possível sofrimento psíquico advindo desses novos tempos.


This study aimed to analyze contemporary modes of subjectivation and their relation to the boredom experienced by young people. This is a qualitative research, which carried out semi-structured interviews and the Word Association Test with 15 undergraduate students. The results were analyzed with the support of the software Iramuteq and content analysis, in which one can perceive an urgency for the time to pass faster, being the free time interpreted as something tedious and synonymous of uselessness. In the experience of this time, young people seek to fill it, in an attempt to escape from the possible thoughts arising from that time, however, such fillings lack a greater significance. The main alternative used to occupy this time is the use of technological resources, especially the cell phone, however, its exacerbated use brings repercussions to the ways of being of these young people and their relationship with the other. Boredom arises, thus, not as an individual symptom, but as a socio-psychological symptom, which denounces a postmodern way of being. When looking at the contemporary youth, it is understood that Psychology must be aware of the context in which these subjectivities are constituted and of the possible psychic suffering arising from this new time.


Assuntos
Mudança Social , Tédio , Estudantes , Pós-Modernismo
17.
Int Marit Health ; 70(2): 82-87, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The question we asked was whether it is worthwhile screening for seafarers who are prone to boredom, and whose mental health might deteriorate on board because of the particular character of life at sea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Farmer and Sundberg Boredom Proneness Scale (BPS), validated in French, as well as the Zigmond and Snaith Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The survey was voluntary and responses were collected by means of questionnaires which were returned by post. RESULTS: Eighty seafarers (40 officers and 40 crew) as well as 63 office staff from the same shipping company were included in the survey. We found a significant difference between officers and operational personnel: average score of 8.4 ± 5 (median = 7) for officers and 10.2 ± 4.8 (median = 10) for operational personnel. 21% of the officers have scores greater than or equal to 12 compared with 41% of the crew. There is a significant correlation between the BPS and HADS test scores, in terms of depression, for the office staff and the seafarers taken as a whole; this correlation being highly significant among officers (r = +0.85), but only marginally significant among crew members (r = +0.54). CONCLUSIONS: The BPS may be useful in screening for seafarers prone to boredom and depression for their fitness for embarkation.


Assuntos
Tédio , Medicina Naval/métodos , Navios , Adulto , Ansiedade , Depressão , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Arch Dis Child ; 104(10): 967-971, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore how prolonged hospitalisation of a child with a neurological condition influences the dietary habits of parents, taking account of their attitudes and perceptions of this experience. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and inductive thematic analysis. SUBJECTS: Fifteen parents of children (aged 2-16 years) with a neurological condition resulting in prolonged periods of hospitalisation were recruited. RESULTS: Mothers (n=13) and fathers (n=2) who were interviewed experienced frequent hospital visits brought about by their child's condition, or associated medical complications. Dietary habits of parents were affected throughout their time in hospital. Three key themes were identified relating to how hospitalisation influenced this: (1) access to food, (2) emotional and physical well-being and (3) impact on eating patterns and food choice. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this study suggest that parents in these circumstances need to be better supported within the hospital setting as a number of barriers exist when it comes to accessing food in hospital and making healthy food choices. Additionally, having a child in hospital has a considerable effect on a parent's emotional well-being, which further impacts on their dietary habits. The long-term physical and mental health implications of this may influence their ability to care for the sick child.


Assuntos
Dieta , Hospitalização , Pais/psicologia , Adolescente , Tédio , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comportamento Alimentar , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Privação do Sono , Estresse Psicológico , Reino Unido , Ganho de Peso , Perda de Peso
19.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 22(2): 209-218, maio-ago. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1004867

RESUMO

RESUMO: Este ensaio pretende analisar se, em nossos dias, ainda é possível uma suspensão do tempo ordinário. Ou seja, pretende explorar várias dimensões de nossas vidas nas quais o tempo cronológico poderia ou não ser colocado em suspensão; se sim, tal possibilidade nos levaria a experienciar outra forma de temporalidade? Principio a análise desde a perspectiva da experiência nas festas populares - o carnaval, por exemplo, ainda seria um espaço de transgressão (do ordinário ao profano)? Enveredo então por uma reflexão sobre o passatempo e a indústria cultural. E, em um segundo movimento, investigo se poderíamos suspender aquele tempo ordinário em nossa vida privada, como na experiência do tédio. Outras possibilidades visadas são os casos do divã e do amor. Nestes últimos, teríamos realmente uma outra experiência de temporalidade?


Abstract: This essay aims to examine whether, nowadays, it is still possible to suspend ordinary time. In other words, aims to explore the various dimensions of our lives in which chronological time could be suspended; if so, such a possibility would lead us to experience another form of temporality? Beginning the analysis from the perspective of experience in popular festivities - carnival, for instance, would still be a space of transgression (of the ordinary to the profane)? Follows a reflection about pastimes and the culture industry. Next, I investigate if we could suspend ordinary time in our private life, as the experience of boredom. Other possibilities would be the cases of couch and of love. In those latter, would we really have a different experience of temporality?


Assuntos
Tempo , Tédio , Cultura , Amor
20.
Can J Occup Ther ; 86(5): 357-370, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND.: Boredom has been reported as a frequent problem experienced by homeless persons, with implications for mental and social well-being. PURPOSE.: This study aimed to explore the nature and impact of boredom in the lives of homeless and formerly homeless persons. METHOD.: A mixed-methods design was used to engage 13 participants in a structured 92-item quantitative interview using six standardized measures, followed by a semistructured qualitative interview. Correlational analyses were performed with the data compiled from the quantitative interviews, and grounded theory strategies were used to analyze our qualitative data. The two analyses were integrated at the stage of interpretation. FINDINGS.: Boredom was described as a profound and pervasive experience for homeless persons, imposing deleterious impacts on mental well-being and driving substance use. A strong positive correlation between meaningful activity and mental well-being (r s = .767, p <. 01) and a strong negative correlation between boredom and belonging in one's community (r s = -.771, p < .01) were identified. IMPLICATIONS.: Boredom is a critical topic of study for occupational therapy in the area of homelessness. Future research is needed to design and test interventions to optimize the mental well-being, participation, and social connectedness of this population.


Assuntos
Tédio , Pessoas em Situação de Rua/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Terapia Ocupacional/organização & administração , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Feminino , Teoria Fundamentada , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Confiança
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