Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 682
Filtrar
1.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 22(3): 343-352, set.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1043571

RESUMO

RESUMO: Este artigo tem como objetivo refletir acerca da não comunicação reativa - conceito desenvolvido por D. W. Winnicott, que corresponde a uma reclusão patológica. Para tanto, traz o relato do atendimento psicanalítico a um adolescente que apresentava um estado de isolamento. O artigo se reporta ao modo de funcionamento psicopatológico apresentado segundo a matriz ferencziana de adoecimento psíquico, caracterizada por Luís Claudio Figueiredo. As estratégias técnicas assinaladas baseiam-se, fundamentalmente, nos conceitos de reclamação/reivindicação da psicanalista Anne Alvarez, que postula uma abordagem mais ativa no sentido de o analista ir ao alcance do paciente, configurando, assim, uma clínica revitalizadora.


Abstract: This article aims to reflect on non-reactive communication - concept developed by D. W. Winnicott that corresponds to a pathological reclusion. For that, it brings the report of psychoanalytic care to a teenager who was in a state of isolation. The article refers to the understanding the mode of psychopathological functioning presented according to the Ferenczian matrix of psychic illness, characterized by Luís Claudio Figueiredo. The technical strategies pointed out are fundamentally based on the concepts of complaint/claim of psychoanalyst Anne Alvarez, who postulates a more active approach in the sense of the analyst reaching the patient, thus configuring a revitalizing clinic.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Tédio , Timidez , Comportamento do Adolescente , Comunicação
3.
Soins Psychiatr ; 40(323): 21-24, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402035

RESUMO

The acute crisis is often followed by boredom. Patients become impatient, restless, looking for ways to take their mind off things and entertain themselves. The occupational activity can then come to the rescue of these downtimes, offering solutions to encourage an encounter. Caregivers work together to 'bore' the patient. In this search for the encounter, they must take the risk of forgoing the occupational activity for the sake of the therapeutic.


Assuntos
Tédio , Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
4.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(13)2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261716

RESUMO

Emotion detection based on computer vision and remote extraction of user signals commonly rely on stimuli where users have a passive role with limited possibilities for interaction or emotional involvement, e.g., images and videos. Predictive models are also trained on a group level, which potentially excludes or dilutes key individualities of users. We present a non-obtrusive, multifactorial, user-tailored emotion detection method based on remotely estimated psychophysiological signals. A neural network learns the emotional profile of a user during the interaction with calibration games, a novel game-based emotion elicitation material designed to induce emotions while accounting for particularities of individuals. We evaluate our method in two experiments ( n = 20 and n = 62 ) with mean classification accuracy of 61.6%, which is statistically significantly better than chance-level classification. Our approach and its evaluation present unique circumstances: our model is trained on one dataset (calibration games) and tested on another (evaluation game), while preserving the natural behavior of subjects and using remote acquisition of signals. Results of this study suggest our method is feasible and an initiative to move away from questionnaires and physical sensors into a non-obtrusive, remote-based solution for detecting emotions in a context involving more naturalistic user behavior and games.


Assuntos
Emoções/fisiologia , Fotopletismografia/métodos , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia , Adulto , Tédio , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Interface Usuário-Computador
5.
Int Marit Health ; 70(2): 82-87, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The question we asked was whether it is worthwhile screening for seafarers who are prone to boredom, and whose mental health might deteriorate on board because of the particular character of life at sea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the Farmer and Sundberg Boredom Proneness Scale (BPS), validated in French, as well as the Zigmond and Snaith Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The survey was voluntary and responses were collected by means of questionnaires which were returned by post. RESULTS: Eighty seafarers (40 officers and 40 crew) as well as 63 office staff from the same shipping company were included in the survey. We found a significant difference between officers and operational personnel: average score of 8.4 ± 5 (median = 7) for officers and 10.2 ± 4.8 (median = 10) for operational personnel. 21% of the officers have scores greater than or equal to 12 compared with 41% of the crew. There is a significant correlation between the BPS and HADS test scores, in terms of depression, for the office staff and the seafarers taken as a whole; this correlation being highly significant among officers (r = +0.85), but only marginally significant among crew members (r = +0.54). CONCLUSIONS: The BPS may be useful in screening for seafarers prone to boredom and depression for their fitness for embarkation.


Assuntos
Tédio , Medicina Naval/métodos , Navios , Adulto , Ansiedade , Depressão , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde do Trabalhador , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Ágora (Rio J. Online) ; 22(2): 209-218, maio-ago. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1004867

RESUMO

RESUMO: Este ensaio pretende analisar se, em nossos dias, ainda é possível uma suspensão do tempo ordinário. Ou seja, pretende explorar várias dimensões de nossas vidas nas quais o tempo cronológico poderia ou não ser colocado em suspensão; se sim, tal possibilidade nos levaria a experienciar outra forma de temporalidade? Principio a análise desde a perspectiva da experiência nas festas populares - o carnaval, por exemplo, ainda seria um espaço de transgressão (do ordinário ao profano)? Enveredo então por uma reflexão sobre o passatempo e a indústria cultural. E, em um segundo movimento, investigo se poderíamos suspender aquele tempo ordinário em nossa vida privada, como na experiência do tédio. Outras possibilidades visadas são os casos do divã e do amor. Nestes últimos, teríamos realmente uma outra experiência de temporalidade?


Abstract: This essay aims to examine whether, nowadays, it is still possible to suspend ordinary time. In other words, aims to explore the various dimensions of our lives in which chronological time could be suspended; if so, such a possibility would lead us to experience another form of temporality? Beginning the analysis from the perspective of experience in popular festivities - carnival, for instance, would still be a space of transgression (of the ordinary to the profane)? Follows a reflection about pastimes and the culture industry. Next, I investigate if we could suspend ordinary time in our private life, as the experience of boredom. Other possibilities would be the cases of couch and of love. In those latter, would we really have a different experience of temporality?


Assuntos
Tempo , Tédio , Cultura , Amor
7.
J Psychol ; 153(6): 628-648, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30912713

RESUMO

Fostering oral communication competences constitutes a primary goal of higher education. However, research on the acquisition process is sparse, especially when the role of learning-related emotions is considered. Based on control-value theory, this study therefore investigated the interplay between learning-related boredom and enjoyment and the build-up of moderation competence throughout an university course to foster oral competences. A longitudinal quasi-experimental study with two teaching conditions was conducted. About 160 students were assigned either to a control group (CG: autonomy supportive teaching enriched with basic levels of competence support and relatedness support) or an experimental group (EG: autonomy supportive teaching enriched with high levels of competence support and relatedness support). Perceived moderation competence and emotions were assessed three times (T) by self-report: after completion of the course introduction (T1), half way (T2), and at the end of the course (T3). The students' behavioral performance during a practical moderation exam was graded at T3. Path analyses revealed differential effects of enjoyment and boredom on students' perceived moderation competence and their grades over time: an activating, learning-enhancing effect of enjoyment on moderation competence was demonstrated, especially if teachers supported students' experience of autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Boredom, in contrast, had a detrimental effect on the behavioral performance in the practical moderation exam.


Assuntos
Tédio , Comunicação , Processos Grupais , Aprendizagem , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudantes/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
8.
Neuropsychologia ; 123: 159-168, 2019 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29601888

RESUMO

What do people feel like doing after they have exerted cognitive effort or are bored? Here, we empirically test whether people are drawn to rewards (at the neural level) following cognitive effort and boredom. This elucidates the experiences and consequences of engaging in cognitive effort, and compares it to the consequences of experiencing boredom, an affective state with predicted similar motivational consequences. Event-related potentials were recorded after participants (N = 243) were randomized into one of three conditions - boredom (passively observing strings of numbers), cognitive effort (adding 3 to each digit of a four-digit number), or control. In the subsequent task, we focused on the feedback negativity (FN) to assess the brain's immediate response to the presence or absence of reward. Phenomenologically, participants in the boredom condition reported more fatigue than those in the cognitive effort condition, despite reporting exerting less effort. Results suggest participants in the boredom condition exhibited larger FN amplitude than participants in the control condition, while the cognitive effort condition was neither different from boredom nor control. The neural and methodological implications for ego depletion research, including issues of replicability, are discussed.


Assuntos
Tédio , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Fadiga Mental/psicologia , Recompensa , Adolescente , Adulto , Potenciais Evocados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
9.
Emotion ; 19(2): 255-269, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29697990

RESUMO

Boredom involves a lack meaning. Conversely, religiosity offers people a sense of meaning. Accordingly, we proposed that by imbuing a sense of meaningfulness, religiosity leads people to experience less boredom. Furthermore, we hypothesized and tested that by reducing boredom, religiosity indirectly inhibits the search for meaningful engagement. In Study 1, following boring tasks, religious people experienced lower levels of boredom and were less motivated to search for meaning than nonreligious people. We found in Study 2 that religious (vs. non- or less religious) people reported higher perceived meaning in life, which was associated with a reduced tendency to feel bored, and with a reduced need to search for meaning in life. Study 3 confirmed that the meaning in life associated with religiosity was associated with reduced state boredom. Religious participants were again less inclined to search for meaning, which was explained by the relatively low levels of boredom that religious (vs. nonreligious) participants experienced. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Tédio , Satisfação Pessoal , Religião e Psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Emotion ; 19(2): 242-254, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29578745

RESUMO

Building on functional models of emotion, we propose that boredom creates a seeking state that prompts people to explore new experiences, even if those experiences are hedonically negative. Specifically, as emotional responses fade, boredom motivates the pursuit of alternative experiences that differ from the experience that resulted in boredom. Participants who reported a higher degree of boredom after a neutral task were more likely to choose negative experiences (Study 1). Compared with a low-boredom condition, participants in a high-boredom condition desired novel experiences and, as a result of this desire, were more likely to choose novel negative experiences (Study 2). In Study 3, participants were made bored by positive or negative stimuli. Participants in the positive-boredom conditions were more likely to choose a novel experience that was more negative; participants in the negative-boredom conditions were more likely to choose a novel experience that was more positive. These findings reveal that boredom motivates people to seek out novel experiences that elicit different (even more negative) feelings. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Tédio , Comportamento Exploratório , Motivação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prazer , Adulto Jovem
11.
J Psychol ; 153(2): 247-266, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30285570

RESUMO

Authenticity at work refers to the extent to which a worker feels in touch with their true self while at work. At first sight this concept seems to overlap with the concept of person-environment (P-E) fit, that is, the degree to which an individual experiences good fit with their work environment. Drawing on a sample of 867 Dutch gifted workers, structural equation modeling was used to investigate (i) whether authenticity at work and P-E fit can be distinguished, and (ii) how authenticity at work and P-E fit were associated with employee well-being. As expected, confirmatory factor analysis revealed that authenticity at work and P-E fit were distinct from each other. Moreover, the mediated effect of authenticity at work was stronger for two negative forms of well-being (burnout and boredom) than for two positive forms of well-being (work engagement and job satisfaction). The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed, especially focusing on the distinction between authenticity and P-E fit.


Assuntos
Emoções , Satisfação no Emprego , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Tédio , Esgotamento Profissional , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Engajamento no Trabalho
12.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav ; 177: 20-26, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30584902

RESUMO

Risky decision-making is characteristic of drug users, but little is known about the effects of circumstances, such as abstinence, on risky choice behavior in human drug users. We hypothesized that cocaine users would make more risky choices for cocaine (defined as taking a chance to receive a large number of cocaine doses as opposed to choosing to receive a fixed amount of cocaine) after 3 or 7 days of cocaine abstinence, compared to 1 day of cocaine abstinence. Six male nontreatment-seeking current cocaine smokers were enrolled in a 21-day inpatient within-subject study. Participants repeatedly smoked six 25 mg doses of cocaine during a training session and were instructed that they would be making decisions about smoking this dose throughout the study. After 1, 3 and 7 days of cocaine abstinence, participants completed a computerized task in which they repeatedly decided between receiving a guaranteed number of cocaine doses (between 1 and 5; fixed option) or receiving a chance (0.13 to 0.75) to smoke a larger number of cocaine doses (probabilistic option). After completing the computerized task, one of the participants' choices was randomly implemented and they smoked either the fixed number of cocaine doses or had the specified chance to smoke the greater number of doses. Contrary to our hypothesis, 5 of the 6 participants made fewer risky choices after 3 and 7 days of cocaine abstinence compared to one day of abstinence suggesting greater risk-aversion. Thus, even during cocaine abstinence cocaine users make rational decisions related to their drug use.


Assuntos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/psicologia , Cocaína , Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia , Assunção de Riscos , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/psicologia , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Tédio , Doces , Fumar Cocaína , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/urina , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/urina
13.
Folia Phoniatr Logop ; 70(3-4): 183-190, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30184539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Anecdotal clinical reports have stated that hypernasal speech sounds monotonous. However, the relationship between the perception of intonation (i.e., the fundamental frequency variation across an utterance) and hypernasality (excessive nasal resonance during the production of non-nasal sounds) has not been investigated in research. We hypothesized that auditory-perceptual ratings of intonation would be significantly lower for more hypernasal stimuli. METHODS: One male and one female voice actor simulated 3 levels of intonation (monotone, normal, and exaggerated) at 4 different levels of hypernasality (normal, mild, moderate, and severe). Thirty participants listened to the simulations and rated the intonation on a visual analogue scale from 0 (monotone) to 100 (exaggerated). RESULTS: A mixed-effects ANOVA revealed main effects of intonation (F2 = 236.46, p < 0.001), and hypernasality (F3 = 159.89, p < 0.001), as well as an interaction between the two (F6 = 28.35, p < 0.001). Post hoc analyses found that speech was rated as more monotonous as hypernasality increased. Summary/Implications: The presence of hypernasality in speech can lead listeners to perceive speech as more monotonous. Instrumental measures should be used to corroborate auditory-perceptual evaluations of speech features like intonation.


Assuntos
Percepção da Fala , Qualidade da Voz , Adolescente , Adulto , Percepção Auditiva , Tédio , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fonética , Nível de Percepção Sonora , Adulto Jovem
14.
Physiol Meas ; 39(10): 105012, 2018 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30251970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In this study, electroencephalography activity recorded during monotonous driving was investigated to examine the predictive capability of monopolar EEG analysis for fatigue/sleepiness in a cohort of train drivers. APPROACH: Sixty-three train drivers participated in the study, where 32- lead monopolar EEG data was recorded during a monotonous driving task. Participant sleepiness was assessed using the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), the Karolinksa sleepiness scale (KSS) and the checklist of individual strength 20 (CIS20). MAIN RESULTS: Self-reported fatigue/sleepiness scores of the train driver cohort were primarily associated with EEG delta, theta, and alpha variables; however, some beta and gamma associations were also implicated. Furthermore, general linear models informed by these EEG variables were able to predict self-reported scores with varying degrees of success, representing between 48% and 54% of variance in fatigue scores. SIGNIFICANCE: Self-reported fatigue/sleepiness scores of train drivers were predicted with varying degrees of success (dependent upon the self-reported fatigue/sleepiness measure) by alterations to monopolar delta, theta, and alpha band activity variables, indicating EEG as a potential indicator for fatigue/sleepiness in train drivers.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Sonolência , Transportes , Adulto , Idoso , Tédio , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Fadiga/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Adulto Jovem
15.
Br J Community Nurs ; 23(8): 400-405, 2018 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30063390

RESUMO

Identifying frail older people, and in particular, people who are psychologically frail in a community setting is difficult. This article investigates predictors of psychological frailty and constructs a short and effective pre-detection tool for highly psychologically frail older people. The Belgian Ageing Studies, a cross-sectional study (n=28.245) was used. Measures included four items of the Geriatric Depression Scale, the psychological domain of the Comprehensive Frailty Assessment Instrument. First bivariate analyses were used. Afterwards, Chi-squared automatic interaction detector (CHAID) analysis was applied to gain an insight into the hierarchical order of predictors for high psychological frailty. Findings indicate that the combination of hopelessness and life dissatisfaction predicts high psychological frailty in 68.4% of cases. Early detection of frailty offers opportunities to start early interventions, and can delay or reduce frailty. In order to detect older people who are psychologically frail, a simple two question pre-detection tool was developed. To conclude: if a patient answers 'yes' to feeling hopeless and 'no' to having life satisfaction, this predicts with great probability (68.4%) high psychological frailty.


Assuntos
Tédio , Depressão/psicologia , Fragilidade/psicologia , Esperança , Satisfação Pessoal , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bélgica , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Feminino , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Trends Cogn Sci ; 22(9): 744-747, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30060916

RESUMO

Boredom has recently piqued cognitive neuroscientific interest, but remains a challenge to scientific investigation in this field. We propose that to advance this research, we should (i) seek greater consistency of operationalization and measurement across studies and participants; and (ii) appreciate the temporal instability of boredom and its ensuing dynamics.


Assuntos
Tédio , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Testes Psicológicos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Psychol Rev ; 125(5): 689-713, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29963873

RESUMO

What is boredom? We review environmental, attentional, and functional theories and present a new model that describes boredom as an affective indicator of unsuccessful attentional engagement in valued goal-congruent activity. According to the Meaning and Attentional Components (MAC) model, boredom is the result of (a) an attentional component, namely mismatches between cognitive demands and available mental resources, and (b) a meaning component, namely mismatches between activities and valued goals (or the absence of valued goals altogether). We present empirical support for four novel predictions made by the model: (a) Deficits in attention and meaning each produce boredom independently of the other; (b) there are different profiles of boredom that result from specific deficits in attention and meaning; (c) boredom results from two types of attentional deficits, understimulation and overstimulation; and (d) the model explains not only when and why people become bored with external activities, but also when and why people become bored with their own thoughts. We discuss further implications of the model, such as when boredom motivates people to seek interesting versus enjoyable activities. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Atenção/fisiologia , Tédio , Emoções/fisiologia , Modelos Psicológicos , Motivação/fisiologia , Pensamento/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
19.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 34(8): 467-474, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30041765

RESUMO

This study examined the associations of boredom proneness with Internet addiction and activities as well as the moderators for such associations in adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In total, 300 adolescents with ADHD participated in this study. Their Internet addiction, the scores for lack of external and internal stimulation on the Boredom Proneness Scale-short form (BPS-SF), ADHD, parental characteristics, and the types of Internet activities were examined. The associations of boredom proneness with Internet addiction and Internet activities and the moderators of the associations were examined using logistic regression analyses. Higher scores for lack of external stimulation on the BPS-SF were significantly associated with a higher risk of Internet addiction. Maternal occupational socioeconomic status moderated the association of lack of external stimulation with Internet addiction. Higher scores for lack of external stimulation were significantly associated with a high tendency to engage in online gaming, whereas higher scores for lack of internal stimulation were significantly associated with a low tendency to engage in online studies. Lack of external stimulation on the BPS-SF should be considered a target in prevention and intervention programs for Internet addiction among adolescents with ADHD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/fisiopatologia , Comportamento Aditivo/fisiopatologia , Tédio , Internet , Adolescente , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/epidemiologia , Comportamento Aditivo/epidemiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino
20.
Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen ; 33(7): 471-478, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30012002

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Participation in group activities can benefit persons with dementia, alleviating boredom, improving affect, maintaining function, and decreasing problematic behaviors. METHODS: We describe patterns of attendance of residents with dementia at nursing home activity groups and investigate stimulus and environmental factors that may affect attendance. RESULTS: Residents participated in 60.8% of the activities, with reasons for nonattendance including refusal (9.7%), not being on the unit (7.8%), being asleep (6.8%), and being involved in activities of daily living and other activities (8.3%). On average, 3.5 other residents not recruited for the study chose to participate in each group session. Group attendance was significantly related to group topic. IMPLICATION: The need for activities was evident by the attendance of both invited and other residents. Understanding the factors that affect attendance is the first step toward developing procedures to maximize participation in activities in order to decrease loneliness and boredom in this population.


Assuntos
Demência/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Recreação/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tédio , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Casas de Saúde
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA