Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.761
Filtrar
1.
Viruses ; 13(2)2021 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572676

RESUMO

Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV, Cucumovirus, Bromoviridae) is an economically significant virus infecting important horticultural and field crops. Current knowledge regarding the specific functions of its movement protein (MP) is still incomplete. In the present study, potential post-translational modification sites of its MP were assayed with mutant viruses: MP/S28A, MP/S28D, MP/S120A and MP/S120D. Ser28 was identified as an important factor in viral pathogenicity on Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi, Cucumis sativus and Chenopodium murale. The subcellular localization of GFP-tagged movement proteins was determined with confocal laser-scanning microscopy. The wild type movement protein fused to green fluorescent protein (GFP) (MP-eGFP) greatly colocalized with callose at plasmodesmata, while MP/S28A-eGFP and MP/S28D-eGFP were detected as punctate spots along the cell membrane without callose colocalization. These results underline the importance of phosphorylatable amino acids in symptom formation and provide data regarding the essential factors for plasmodesmata localization of CMV MP.


Assuntos
Cucumovirus/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Proteínas do Movimento Viral em Plantas/química , Proteínas do Movimento Viral em Plantas/metabolismo , Plasmodesmos/virologia , Tabaco/virologia , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Cucumovirus/química , Cucumovirus/genética , Proteínas do Movimento Viral em Plantas/genética
2.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2170: 213-218, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32797461

RESUMO

Protein-protein interactions (PPI) are vital in regulating the biological and physiological functions in a given cell or organism. Proteomics, in conjunction with bioinformatic tools, represents the study involving the characterization of the protein content of the genome of a given biological system. Like PPI, an interaction between either coding or noncoding RNA and a complex set of host proteins protein plays an essential role in gene expression at translational, posttranscriptional, and epigenetic level. Although a wide range of techniques such as shotgun proteomics, MuDPIT, etc. are available for characterizing PII, those for characterizing RNA-protein interactions are infancy. Given the significance of the long noncoding RNAs (lnc-RNA) in plant biology, it is imperative to isolate and characterize the functionality of the host proteome interacting with RNA. In this context, riboproteomics approach becomes a valuable tool to study these interactions. Here, using a noncoding plant pathogenic satellite-RNA (Sat-RNA) of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) as an RNA source, we describe a stepwise protocol for identifying the host proteome interacting specifically with the Sat-RNA. This protocol streamlines steps starting from in vitro transcription of RNA, preparation of RNA affinity column, preparation of cell lysate from Nicotiana benthamiana leaves infected with the Sat-RNA followed by the Co-IP and preparation of samples for LC-MS/MS. We believe this approach is applicable to a wide range of RNAs of any nature associated with eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms.


Assuntos
RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida , Cucumovirus , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Folhas de Planta/virologia , Ligação Proteica , Proteômica , RNA não Traduzido/genética , RNA Viral/genética , Tabaco/virologia
3.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(12): e1009120, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370420

RESUMO

Positive-strand RNA viruses replicate in host cells by forming large viral replication organelles, which harbor numerous membrane-bound viral replicase complexes (VRCs). In spite of its essential role in viral replication, the biogenesis of the VRCs is not fully understood. The authors identified critical roles of cellular membrane-shaping proteins and PI(3)P (phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate) phosphoinositide, a minor lipid with key functions in endosomal vesicle trafficking and autophagosome biogenesis, in VRC formation for tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV). The authors show that TBSV co-opts the endosomal SNX-BAR (sorting nexin with Bin/Amphiphysin/Rvs- BAR domain) proteins, which bind to PI(3)P and have membrane-reshaping function during retromer tubular vesicle formation, directly into the VRCs to boost progeny viral RNA synthesis. We find that the viral replication protein-guided recruitment and pro-viral function of the SNX-BAR proteins depends on enrichment of PI(3)P at the site of viral replication. Depletion of SNX-BAR proteins or PI(3)P renders the viral double-stranded (ds)RNA replication intermediate RNAi-sensitive within the VRCs in the surrogate host yeast and in planta and ribonuclease-sensitive in cell-free replicase reconstitution assays in yeast cell extracts or giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs). Based on our results, we propose that PI(3)P and the co-opted SNX-BAR proteins are coordinately exploited by tombusviruses to promote VRC formation and to play structural roles and stabilize the VRCs during viral replication. Altogether, the interplay between the co-opted SNX-BAR membrane-shaping proteins, PI(3)P and the viral replication proteins leads to stable VRCs, which provide the essential protection of the viral RNAs against the host antiviral responses.


Assuntos
Fosfatos de Fosfatidilinositol/metabolismo , Nexinas de Classificação/metabolismo , Tombusvirus/fisiologia , /metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/virologia , Células Cultivadas , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Organismos Geneticamente Modificados , Fosfatidilinositóis/metabolismo , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/metabolismo , /fisiologia , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/virologia , Nexinas de Classificação/química , Nexinas de Classificação/fisiologia , Tabaco/metabolismo , Tabaco/virologia , Tombusvirus/genética , Tombusvirus/metabolismo , Replicação Viral/genética
4.
Viruses ; 12(12)2020 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339381

RESUMO

A novel RNA virus was identified in firespike (Odontonema tubaeforme) plants exhibiting leaf curling and chlorosis. The molecular features of the viral genomic RNA and proteins resemble those of ampeloviruses. Based on sequence comparisons and phylogenetic analysis, we propose a new species in the genus Ampelovirus, which we have tentatively named Firespike leafroll-associated virus (FLRaV). Bioassays showed that the virus is mechanically transmissible to Nicotiana benthamiana. In addition, a full-length cDNA clone of FLRaV could successfully infect N. benthamiana via agroinfiltration.


Assuntos
Closteroviridae/isolamento & purificação , Plantas/virologia , Closteroviridae/classificação , Closteroviridae/genética , Genoma Viral , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Filogenia , Tabaco/virologia
5.
Arch Virol ; 165(12): 2807-2815, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990842

RESUMO

Nicotiana benthamiana plants became infected with blueberry latent spherical virus (BLSV) after pollination with pollen grains produced by BLSV-infected N. benthamiana plants. Interestingly, pollen grains produced by BLSV-infected Vaccinium corymbosum (blueberry), Nicotiana alata, and Petunia × hybrida (petunia) plants also transmitted the virus to healthy N. benthamiana plants after pollination. As seen using aniline blue staining and fluorescence microscopy, pollen grains from BLSV-infected blueberry, N. alata, and petunia plants germinated on stigmas of N. benthamiana, and the pollen tubes penetrated the stigmas in a manner similar to that of N. benthamiana pollen grains on N. benthamiana stigmas. Whole-mount in situ hybridization and chromogenic in situ hybridization analysis showed that infected blueberry and N. benthamiana pollen grains germinated on N. benthamiana stigmas, and virus-containing pollen tubes penetrated the stigmas. Tissue blot hybridization analysis revealed that the initial infection sites were the N. benthamiana stigmas pollinated with infected pollen grains from blueberry and N. benthamiana. In addition, the virus spread from the initial infection sites to the phloem in the stigma and style. Taken together, we suggest that penetrating pollen tubes that harbored the virus results in infection foci in the stigma, and the virus then moves to the vascular tissues in the stigma and style and eventually establishes systemic infection.


Assuntos
Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Vírus de Plantas/fisiologia , Tubo Polínico/virologia , Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)/virologia , Petunia/virologia , Tabaco/virologia
6.
Mol Plant Microbe Interact ; 33(10): 1209-1221, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815767

RESUMO

Rose rosette virus (RRV) is a negative-sense RNA virus with a seven-segmented genome that is enclosed by a double membrane. We constructed an unconventional minireplicon system encoding the antigenomic (ag)RNA1 (encoding the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase [RdRp]), agRNA3 (encoding the nucleocapsid protein [N]), and a modified agRNA5 containing the coding sequence for the iLOV protein in place of the P5 open reading frame (R5-iLOV). iLOV expression from the R5-iLOV template was amplified by activities of the RdRp and N proteins in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves. A mutation was introduced into the RdRp catalytic domain and iLOV expression was eliminated, indicating RNA1-encoded polymerase activity drives iLOV expression from the R5-iLOV template. Fluorescence from the replicon was highest at 3 days postinoculation (dpi) and declined at 7 and 13 dpi. Addition of the tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) P19 silencing-suppressor protein prolonged expression until 7 dpi. A full-length infectious clone system was constructed of seven binary plasmids encoding each of the seven genome segments. Agro-delivery of constructs encoding RRV RNAs 1 through 4 or RNAs 1 through 7 to N. benthamiana plants produced systemic infection. Finally, agro-delivery of the full-length RRV infectious clone including all segments produced systemic infection within 60 dpi. This advance opens new opportunities for studying RRV infection biology.


Assuntos
RNA Viral/genética , Genética Reversa , Tabaco/virologia , Tombusvirus/genética , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Tombusvirus/patogenicidade
7.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 169: 104589, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828361

RESUMO

Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is an important plant virus that led to significant losses in the crops worldwide. In this study, the antiviral activities of Ursolic Acid (UA) and 4-methoxycoumarin against TMV and their underlying mechanisms were initially investigated for the first time. The results demonstrated that the antiviral effects of UA and 4-methoxycoumarin were as effective as those of the commercial agent lentinan, in either the protective effect, inactivation effect or curative effect. In addition, both plant-derived compounds could induce the resistance responses of tobacco plants against TMV, showing increased antioxidant enzyme activities (SOD and POD) and H2O2 accumulation in tobacco leaves after treatment with UA or 4-methoxycoumarin, along with highly expressed regulatory and defence genes in the salicylic acid signaling pathway. Meanwhile, electrolyte leakage and malondialdehyde experiments indicated that these effects did not result in phytotoxicity or damage to the leaf plasma membrane of tobacco plants. Collectively, the results demonstrate that UA and 4-methoxycoumarin have potential as eco-friendly and safe strategies to control TMV in the future.


Assuntos
Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Compostos Fitoquímicos , Doenças das Plantas , Tabaco/virologia
8.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 168: 104474, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711757

RESUMO

The antiviral protein Y3 produced by the edible mushroom Coprinus comatus disrupts the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) and inhibits the multiplication of TMV in Nicotiana tabacum; however, the detailed mechanism of its activity remains unclear. In this study, Y3 was demonstrated to interact with TMV coat protein (TMV-CP) in vitro as well as in tobacco plants by using a yeast two-hybrid system and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC). To explore the interaction site between Y3 and TMV-CP, the phenylalanine (Phe) at the 43rd and arginine (Arg) at the 55th amino acid of Y3 were individually converted to cysteine (Cys) and serine (Ser), named Y3T1 and Y3T2, respectively, and were then used in BiFC assays. Based on the information obtained about disulfide bonds in the protein structure, the two mutations were predicted to change the protein's disulfide bonds. The results showed Y3T1 lost the ability to interact with TMV-CP, suggesting that a specific Phe of Y3 is critical for the interaction between Y3 and CP in plants. Furthermore, a prokaryotic expression system was used to test the antiviral activities of protein Y3 (PY3) and two other mutated proteins (P-Y3T1, P-Y3T2). The results showed that recombinant protein P-Y3 had a slightly lower inhibitory effect against TMV than Y3 extracted directly from mushrooms; further, P-Y3T1 decreased antiviral activity in the tobacco plant significantly compared with P-Y3, suggesting that the anti-TMV effect of Y3 was directly related to the Y3-CP interaction. In contrast, P-Y3T2 was able to still interact with TMV-CP in the tobacco plant, and it increased the ability of the plant to resist TMV compared with PY3, indicating that PY3-T2 could be a candidate peptide for plant protection against TMV and that Y3 may have other inhibitory mechanisms against TMV in addition to its interaction with TMV-CP.


Assuntos
Coprinus , Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco , Doenças das Plantas , Proteínas Recombinantes , Tabaco/virologia
9.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(7): e1008709, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730331

RESUMO

Nine genera of viruses in five different families use triple gene block (TGB) proteins for virus movement. The TGB modules fall into two classes: hordei-like and potex-like. Although TGB-mediated viral movement has been extensively studied, determination of the constituents of the viral ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) movement complexes and the mechanisms underlying their involvement in vRNP-mediated movement are far from complete. In the current study, immunoprecipitation of TGB1 protein complexes formed during Barley stripe mosaic virus (BSMV) infection revealed the presence of the γb protein in the products. Further experiments demonstrated that TGB1 interacts with γb in vitro and in vivo, and that γb-TGB1 localizes at the periphery of chloroplasts and plasmodesmata (PD). Subcellular localization analyses of the γb protein in Nicotiana benthamiana epidermal cells indicated that in addition to chloroplast localization, γb also targets the ER, actin filaments and PD at different stages of viral infection. By tracking γb localization during BSMV infection, we demonstrated that γb is required for efficient cell-to-cell movement. The N-terminus of γb interacts with the TGB1 ATPase/helicase domain and enhances ATPase activity of the domain. Inactivation of the TGB1 ATPase activity also significantly impaired PD targeting. In vitro translation together with co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP) analyses revealed that TGB1-TGB3-TGB2 complex formation is enhanced by ATP hydrolysis. The γb protein positively regulates complex formation in the presence of ATP, suggesting that γb has a novel role in BSMV cell-to-cell movement by directly promoting TGB1 ATPase-mediated vRNP movement complex assembly. We further demonstrated that elimination of ATPase activity abrogates PD and actin targeting of Potato virus X (PVX) and Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) TGB1 proteins. These results expand our understanding of the multifunctional roles of γb and provide new insight into the functions of TGB1 ATPase domains in the movement of TGB-encoding viruses.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Movimento Viral em Plantas/metabolismo , Vírus de Plantas/fisiologia , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Tabaco/virologia , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Montagem de Vírus/fisiologia , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Potexvirus/fisiologia , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo
10.
J Virol ; 94(18)2020 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641477

RESUMO

Positive-strand RNA [(+)RNA] viruses are important pathogens of humans, animals, and plants and replicate inside host cells by coopting numerous host factors and subcellular membranes. To gain insights into the assembly of viral replicase complexes (VRCs) and dissect the roles of various lipids and coopted host factors, we have reconstituted Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) replicase using artificial giant unilamellar vesicles (GUVs). We demonstrate that reconstitution of VRCs on GUVs with endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-like phospholipid composition results in a complete cycle of replication and asymmetrical RNA synthesis, which is a hallmark of (+)RNA viruses. TBSV VRCs assembled on GUVs provide significant protection of the double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) replication intermediate against the dsRNA-specific RNase III. The lipid compositions of GUVs have pronounced effects on in vitro TBSV replication, including (-) and (+)RNA synthesis. The GUV-based assay has led to the discovery of the critical role of phosphatidylserine in TBSV replication and a novel role for phosphatidylethanolamine in asymmetrical (+)RNA synthesis. The GUV-based assay also showed stimulatory effects by phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate [PI(3)P] and ergosterol on TBSV replication. We demonstrate that eEF1A and Hsp70 coopted replicase assembly factors, Vps34 phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and the membrane-bending ESCRT factors, are required for reconstitution of the active TBSV VRCs in GUVs, further supporting that the novel GUV-based in vitro approach recapitulates critical steps and involves essential coopted cellular factors of the TBSV replication process. Taken together, this novel GUV assay will be highly suitable to dissect the functions of viral and cellular factors in TBSV replication.IMPORTANCE Understanding the mechanism of replication of positive-strand RNA viruses, which are major pathogens of plants, animals, and humans, can lead to new targets for antiviral interventions. These viruses subvert intracellular membranes for virus replication and coopt numerous host proteins, whose functions during virus replication are not yet completely defined. To dissect the roles of various host factors in Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) replication, we have developed an artificial giant unilamellar vesicle (GUV)-based replication assay. The GUV-based in vitro approach recapitulates critical steps of the TBSV replication process. GUV-based reconstitution of the TBSV replicase revealed the need for a complex mixture of phospholipids, especially phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine, in TBSV replication. The GUV-based approach will be useful to dissect the functions of essential coopted cellular factors.


Assuntos
RNA de Cadeia Dupla/genética , Tombusvirus/genética , Lipossomas Unilamelares/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/genética , Bioensaio , Linhagem Celular , Retículo Endoplasmático/química , Complexos Endossomais de Distribuição Requeridos para Transporte/genética , Complexos Endossomais de Distribuição Requeridos para Transporte/metabolismo , Ergosterol/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Fatores de Alongamento de Peptídeos/genética , Fatores de Alongamento de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Fosfatos de Fosfatidilinositol/metabolismo , Fosfatidilserinas/metabolismo , Células Vegetais/metabolismo , Células Vegetais/virologia , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/metabolismo , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Ribonuclease III/genética , Ribonuclease III/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Tabaco/citologia , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/metabolismo , Tabaco/virologia , Tombusvirus/metabolismo , Lipossomas Unilamelares/química , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Replicação Viral
11.
Arch Virol ; 165(10): 2229-2239, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676682

RESUMO

A reexamination of proteins with conserved cysteines and basic amino acids encoded by the 3'-proximal gene of the positive-sense single-stranded RNA of some monopartite filamentous plant viruses has been carried out. The cysteines are involved in a putative Zn-finger domain, which, together with the basic amino acids, form part of the nuclear or nucleolar localization signals. An in-depth study of one of these proteins, p15 from grapevine B virus (GVB), has shown: (i) a three-dimensional structure with four α-helices predicted by two independent in silico approaches, (ii) the nucleolus as the main accumulation site by applying confocal laser microscopy to a fusion between p15 and the green fluorescent protein, (iii) the involvement of the basic amino acids and the putative Zn-finger domain, mapping at the N-terminal region of p15, in the nucleolar localization signal, as revealed by the effect of six alanine substitution mutations, (iv) the p15 suppressor function of sense-mediated RNA silencing as revealed by agroinfiltration in a transgenic line of Nicotiana benthamiana, and (v) the enhancer activity of p15 on viral pathogenicity in N. benthamiana when expressed from a potato virus X vector. In addition, we elaborate on an evolutionary scenario for these filamentous viruses, invoking takeover by a common ancestor(s) of viral or host genes coding for those cysteine-rich proteins, followed by divergence, which would also explain why they are encoded in the 3'-proximal gene of the genomic single-stranded viral RNA.


Assuntos
Flexiviridae/genética , Fases de Leitura Aberta , RNA Viral/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Clonagem Molecular , Evolução Molecular , Flexiviridae/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Modelos Moleculares , Filogenia , Células Vegetais/virologia , Folhas de Planta/virologia , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Domínios Proteicos , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Tabaco/virologia , Proteínas Virais/química , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
12.
Arch Virol ; 165(7): 1659-1665, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32405827

RESUMO

In this work, a begomovirus isolated from a bean plant coinfected with the potyviruses bean common mosaic virus and bean common mosaic necrosis virus was characterized. The three viruses were detected by high-throughput sequencing and assembly of total small RNAs, but the begomovirus-related contigs did not allow precise identification. Molecular analysis based on standard DNA amplification techniques revealed the presence of a single bipartite virus, which is a novel begomovirus according to the current taxonomic criteria. Infectious clones were generated and agroinoculated into Phaseolus vulgaris and Nicotiana benthamiana plants. In all cases, viral DNA-A and DNA-B were detected in new growths, but no symptoms were observed, thus indicating that this virus produces asymptomatic infections in both host species.


Assuntos
Begomovirus/isolamento & purificação , Phaseolus/virologia , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Potyvirus/fisiologia , Tabaco/virologia , Begomovirus/classificação , Begomovirus/genética , Begomovirus/fisiologia , Coinfecção/virologia
13.
Pest Manag Sci ; 76(11): 3636-3648, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Development of anti-plant-virus compounds and improvement of biosafety remain hot research topics in controlling plant viral disease. Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) infects all tobacco species as well as many other plants worldwide and causes severe losses in tobacco production. To date, no efficient chemical treatments are known to protect plants from virus infection. Therefore, the search for a highly active antiviral compound with high efficacy in field application is required. RESULTS: We reported the synthesis of a novel antiviral halogenated acyl compound Chloroinconazide (CHI) using tryptophan as a substrate and examined its anti-TMV activity. We found that CHI displayed the ability to strongly inhibit the infection of TMV on Nicotiana benthamiana via multiple mechanisms. We observed that CHI was able to impair the virulence of TMV by directly altering the morphological structure of virions and increasing the activity of anti-oxidative enzymes, resulting in reduced TMV-induced ROS production during infection of the plant. In addition, the expression of salicylic acid-responsive genes was significantly increased after CHI application. However, after application of CHI on SA-deficient NahG plants no obvious anti-TMV activity was observed, suggesting that the SA signaling pathway was required for CHI-induced anti-TMV activity associated with reduced infection of TMV. CHI exhibited no effects on plant growth and development. CONCLUSION: The easily synthesized CHI can actively induce plant resistance against TMV as well as act on virus particles and exhibits high biosafety, which provides a potential for commercial application of CHI in controlling plant virus disease in the future. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco , Antivirais/farmacologia , Doenças das Plantas , Ácido Salicílico , Tabaco/virologia , Transcrição Genética
14.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8505, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32444786

RESUMO

Grapevine leafroll-associated virus 3 (GLRaV-3) is one of the most important viruses of grapevine but, despite this, there remain several gaps in our understanding of its biology. Because of its narrow host range - limited to Vitis species - and because the virus is restricted to the phloem, most GLRaV-3 research has concentrated on epidemiology and the development of detection assays. The recent discovery that GLRaV-3 can infect Nicotiana benthamiana, a plant model organism, makes new opportunities available for research in this field. We used RNA-seq to compare both V. vinifera and P1/HC-Pro N. benthamiana host responses to GLRaV-3 infection. Our analysis revealed that the majority of DEGs observed between the two hosts were unique although responses between the two hosts also showed several shared gene expression results. When comparing gene expression patterns that were shared between the two hosts, we observed the downregulation of genes associated with stress chaperones, and the induction of gene families involved in primary plant physiological processes. This is the first analysis of gene expression profiles beyond Vitis to mealybug-transmitted GLRaV-3 and demonstrates that N. benthamiana could serve as a useful tool for future studies of GLRaV-3-host interactions.


Assuntos
Closteroviridae/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Especificidade de Hospedeiro/genética , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Tabaco/metabolismo , Vitis/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/virologia , Transcriptoma , Vitis/genética , Vitis/virologia
15.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(11): 6234-6250, 2020 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396204

RESUMO

Eukaryotic RNA interference (RNAi) results in gene silencing upon the sequence-specific degradation of target transcripts by complementary small RNAs (sRNAs). In plants, RNAi-based tools have been optimized for high efficacy and high specificity, and are extensively used in gene function studies and for crop improvement. However, efficient methods for finely adjusting the degree of induced silencing are missing. Here, we present two different strategies based on artificial sRNAs for fine-tuning targeted RNAi efficacy in plants. First, the degree of silencing induced by synthetic-trans-acting small interfering RNAs (syn-tasiRNAs) can be adjusted by modifying the precursor position from which the syn-tasiRNA is expressed. The accumulation and efficacy of Arabidopsis TAS1c-based syn-tasiRNAs progressively decrease as the syn-tasiRNA is expressed from positions more distal to the trigger miR173 target site. And second, syn-tasiRNA activity can also be tweaked by modifying the degree of base-pairing between the 3' end of the syn-tasiRNA and the 5' end of the target RNA. Both strategies were used to finely modulate the degree of silencing of endogenous and exogenous target genes in Arabidopsis thaliana and Nicotiana benthamiana. New high-throughput syn-tasiRNA vectors were developed and functionally analyzed, and should facilitate the precise control of gene expression in multiple plant species.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , MicroRNAs/genética , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Pareamento de Bases , Sequência de Bases , Vetores Genéticos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/virologia
16.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(4): e1008475, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32339200

RESUMO

The nucleotide-binding, leucine-rich repeat-containing (NLR) class of immune receptors of plants and animals recognize pathogen-encoded proteins and trigger host defenses. Although animal NLRs form oligomers upon pathogen recognition to activate downstream signaling, the mechanisms of plant NLR activation remain largely elusive. Tm-22 is a plasma membrane (PM)-localized coiled coil (CC)-type NLR and confers resistance to Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) by recognizing its viral movement protein (MP). In this study, we found that Tm-22 self-associates upon recognition of MP. The CC domain of Tm-22 is the signaling domain and its function requires PM localization and self-association. The nucleotide-binding (NB-ARC) domain is important for Tm-22 self-interaction and regulates activation of the CC domain through its nucleotide-binding and self-association. (d)ATP binding may alter the NB-ARC conformation to release its suppression of Tm-22 CC domain-mediated cell death. Our findings provide the first example of signaling domain for PM-localized NLR and insight into PM-localized NLR activation.


Assuntos
Proteínas NLR/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Tabaco/metabolismo , Tabaco/virologia , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Resistência à Doença , Proteínas NLR/imunologia , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Imunidade Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas/imunologia , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Receptores Imunológicos/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Tabaco/imunologia , Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco/metabolismo , Vírus do Mosaico do Tabaco/patogenicidade
18.
J Virol ; 94(12)2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32269127

RESUMO

Positive-strand RNA [(+)RNA] viruses assemble numerous membrane-bound viral replicase complexes (VRCs) with the help of viral replication proteins and co-opted host proteins within large viral replication compartments in the cytosol of infected cells. In this study, we found that deletion or depletion of Sac1 phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate [PI(4)P] phosphatase reduced tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) replication in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and plants. We demonstrate a critical role for Sac1 in TBSV replicase assembly in a cell-free replicase reconstitution assay. The effect of Sac1 seems to be direct, based on its interaction with the TBSV p33 replication protein, its copurification with the tombusvirus replicase, and its presence in the virus-induced membrane contact sites and within the TBSV replication compartment. The proviral functions of Sac1 include manipulation of lipid composition, sterol enrichment within the VRCs, and recruitment of additional host factors into VRCs. Depletion of Sac1 inhibited the recruitment of Rab5 GTPase-positive endosomes and enrichment of phosphatidylethanolamine in the viral replication compartment. We propose that Sac1 might be a component of the assembly hub for VRCs, likely in collaboration with the co-opted the syntaxin18-like Ufe1 SNARE protein within the TBSV replication compartments. This work also led to demonstration of the enrichment of PI(4)P phosphoinositide within the replication compartment. Reduction in the PI(4)P level due to chemical inhibition in plant protoplasts; depletion of two PI(4)P kinases, Stt4p and Pik1p; or sequestration of free PI(4)P via expression of a PI(4)P-binding protein in yeast strongly inhibited TBSV replication. Altogether, Sac1 and PI(4)P play important proviral roles during TBSV replication.IMPORTANCE Replication of positive-strand RNA viruses depends on recruitment of host components into viral replication compartments or organelles. Using TBSV, we uncovered the critical roles of Sac1 PI(4)P phosphatase and its substrate, PI(4)P phosphoinositide, in promoting viral replication. Both Sac1 and PI(4)P are recruited to the site of viral replication to facilitate the assembly of the viral replicase complexes, which perform viral RNA replication. We found that Sac1 affects the recruitment of other host factors and enrichment of phosphatidylethanolamine and sterol lipids within the subverted host membranes to promote optimal viral replication. In summary, this work demonstrates the novel functions of Sac1 and PI(4)P in TBSV replication in the model host yeast and in plants.


Assuntos
Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Fosfatos de Fosfatidilinositol/metabolismo , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Tombusvirus/genética , Replicação Viral/genética , 1-Fosfatidilinositol 4-Quinase/genética , 1-Fosfatidilinositol 4-Quinase/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/virologia , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Endossomos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/genética , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/metabolismo , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/deficiência , Monoéster Fosfórico Hidrolases/metabolismo , Células Vegetais/metabolismo , Células Vegetais/virologia , Folhas de Planta/genética , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/virologia , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Protoplastos/metabolismo , Proteínas Qa-SNARE/genética , Proteínas Qa-SNARE/metabolismo , /metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/virologia , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Esteróis/metabolismo , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/metabolismo , Tabaco/virologia , Tombusvirus/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/genética , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas rab5 de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas rab5 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
19.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(16): 9112-9121, 2020 04 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253321

RESUMO

Plant auxin response factor (ARF) transcription factors are an important class of key transcriptional modulators in auxin signaling. Despite the well-studied roles of ARF transcription factors in plant growth and development, it is largely unknown whether, and how, ARF transcription factors may be involved in plant resistance to pathogens. We show here that two fijiviruses (double-stranded RNA viruses) utilize their proteins to disturb the dimerization of OsARF17 and repress its transcriptional activation ability, while a tenuivirus (negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus) directly interferes with the DNA binding activity of OsARF17. These interactions impair OsARF17-mediated antiviral defense. OsARF17 also confers resistance to a cytorhabdovirus and was directly targeted by one of the viral proteins. Thus, OsARF17 is the common target of several very different viruses. This suggests that OsARF17 plays a crucial role in plant defense against different types of plant viruses, and that these viruses use independently evolved viral proteins to target this key component of auxin signaling and facilitate infection.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/imunologia , Oryza/imunologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Vírus de Plantas/imunologia , Vírus de RNA/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Resistência à Doença/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Mutação , Oryza/genética , Oryza/virologia , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Vírus de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Multimerização Proteica/imunologia , Vírus de RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/metabolismo , Tabaco/virologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Virais/imunologia , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
20.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 151: 313-322, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251956

RESUMO

Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV) causes severe disease in Phaseolus vulgaris plants. One of its non structural protein, the helper-component proteinase (HcPro) involves in multiple roles in aphid transmission, RNA binding, suppression of gene silencing and protease activity. The multifunctional role of HcPro hint towards its regulation at multiple host cellular sites. The mechanisms of these regulatory activities are poorly understood. Therefore, it is very important to study the molecular level interaction of HcPro with different cellular components. In this study, we demonstrate that the HcPro interacts with RuBisCo, an enzyme of chloroplast origin which might plays a crucial role in virus infection. A further line of experiments were carried out with factors of nuclear origin. Due to nucleic acid binding activity of HcPro, it showed interaction with dsDNA of nucleosome, as ascertained through electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Interestingly, HcPro interacts with host nucleoprotein histones, H3 and H4. The gel-overlay assay and native electrophoresis-western blot analysis (NEWeB) revealed a direct interaction of BCMV HcPro with host nucleosome and with histones. These findings suggest that the BCMV through HcPro, not only utilize the host cytoplasmic components but also use host nuclear factors for its propagation and disease development.


Assuntos
Cisteína Endopeptidases , Nucleossomos , Doenças das Plantas , Potyvirus , Ribulose-Bifosfato Carboxilase , Proteínas Virais , Cisteína Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Nucleossomos/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Potyvirus/enzimologia , Ribulose-Bifosfato Carboxilase/metabolismo , Tabaco/virologia , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...