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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17816, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702635

RESUMO

Massive blood transfusion (MBT) increased mortality and morbidity after cardiac surgery. However, a mid-term follow-up study on repair surgery of acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD) with MBT was lacking. This study aimed to assess the impact of perioperative MBT on late outcomes of surgical repair for AAAD.There were 3209 adult patients firstly received repair surgery for AAAD between 2005 and 2013, were identified using Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Primary interest variable was MBT, defined as transfused red blood cell (RBC) ≥10 units.The outcomes contained in-hospital mortality, surgical-related complications, all-cause mortality, respiratory failure, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) during follow-up period. Higher in-hospital mortality (37.7% vs 11.6%; odds ratio, 4.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.30-4.85), all-cause mortality (26.1% vs 13.0%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.66; 95% CI, 1.36-2.04), and perioperative complications were noted in the MBT group. A subdistribution hazard model revealed higher cumulative incidence of CKD (13.9% vs 6.5%; HR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.47-2.60) and respiratory failure (7.1% vs 2.7%; HR, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.52-3.61) for the MBT cohort. A dose-dependent relationship between amount of transfused RBC (classified as tertiles) and cumulative incidence of all-cause mortality, incident CKD, and respiratory failure was found (P of trend test <.001).Patients with MBT had worse late outcomes following surgical repair of AAAD. The cumulative incidence of all-cause mortality, incident CKD, and respiratory failure increased with the amount of transfused RBC in a dose-dependent manner.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zootaxa ; 4571(3): zootaxa.4571.3.8, 2019 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715808

RESUMO

First record of Indolestes cyaneus (Selys, 1862) from Vietnam with providing illustrations of its detailed structures, as well as notes on the coloration of the populations from Taiwan, Nepal and India.


Assuntos
Odonatos , Animais , Índia , Nepal , Taiwan , Vietnã
3.
Zootaxa ; 4568(3): zootaxa.4568.3.7, 2019 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715848

RESUMO

The fauna of Mycteridae Blanchard, 1845 in Taiwan is small, with only two documented species. In the present paper, two new species of Omineus Lewis, 1895 are described: O. taiwanensis sp. nov. and O. chuangae sp. nov., highlighting the potential diversity of this family in Taiwan. New species descriptions are supplemented with photographs and illustrations of habitus and salient structures of both sexes. A key for the identification of Omineus species in Taiwan is provided.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Taiwan
4.
Zootaxa ; 4586(3): zootaxa.4586.3.10, 2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716123

RESUMO

The Labomimus Sharp fauna in Taiwan is represented by a single species. In this paper, three new species are described and illustrated: L. dadongmontis sp. nov., L. dilaticeps sp. nov., and L. sugayai sp. nov. The key to species of the L. shibatai Sawada-group is updated to accommodate the two new species placed in this group.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , China , Taiwan
5.
Zootaxa ; 4586(1): zootaxa.4586.1.11, 2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716150

RESUMO

A new scaleless dragonfish, Photonectes (Photonectes) banshee sp. nov., (Stomiiformes: Stomiidae: Melanostomiinae) is described from three specimens collected from off southwestern Taiwan. The new species can be distinguished from its congeners in the subgenus in having unique counts of photophores: IP, ventral series anterior to pectoral-fin base (6 vs. 7-13), VAV, ventral series from just behind ventral-fin base to just behind anal-fin origin (10 vs. 11-16) and VAL, lateral series from just behind ventral-fin base to just behind anal-fin origin (9 vs. 11-15) and the following combination of characters: relatively more dorsal- and anal-fin rays, lacking white luminous tissue on dorsoposterior opercle, and the presence of blue luminous tissue on mid-ventral.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Taiwan
6.
Zootaxa ; 4585(3): zootaxa.4585.3.4, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716156

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to identify and quantify the gastrointestinal ciliates from Brazilian domestic horses, to compare the data obtained with previous studies and to review data on ciliate communities associated with horses around the world. We used eight domestic horses, kept under extensive management. Fecal samples were obtained immediately after defecation of animals and fixed in 18.5% formaldehyde. We identify 24 species of endosymbiotic ciliates, distributed in two subclasses, two orders, five families and 13 genera. The ciliate composition was similar among the animals analyzed. The family Blepharocorythidae presented the higher prevalence and the family Buetschliidae was observed in greater abundance and density. Among the species identified, Cycloposthium dentiferum was observed for the first time in Central and South America and Bundleia elongata, B. inflata, B. piriformis, B. vorax and Cycloposthium psicauda, were observed for the first time in the American continent. In addition, the species Buissonella tapiri, which was originally discovered in fecal contents of the American tapir (Tapirus terrestris) in Brazil was observed for the first time associated to Equus caballus. The review on the ciliate communities associated with horses around the world demonstrated that the equine ciliates are a very diversified group with representatives in two subclasses, Suctoria and Trichostomatia, totaling 78 species distributed in three orders and six families, having been registered in different equine hosts (Equus asinus, Equus caballus and Equus quagga) and geographic locations (USA, China, Russia, Taiwan, Mexico, Cyprus, Turkey, Kyrgyzstan and Brazil).


Assuntos
Alveolados , Cilióforos , Animais , Brasil , China , Chipre , Equidae , Cavalos , Quirguistão , México , Federação Russa , Taiwan , Turquia
7.
Zootaxa ; 4623(3): zootaxa.4623.3.7, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716251

RESUMO

Currently 10 species are listed in the genus Ophthalmothrips: amyae and conocephalus from South Africa, pomeroyi from Tanzania, lesnei from Mozambique, breviceps and faurei from India, formosanus from Taiwan, longiceps and miscanthicola from East Asia, and yunnanensis from China. Here, conocephalus is newly recorded from Madagascar, faurei from China and Japan, lesnei from Kenya, pomeroyi from Zaire (Democratic Republic of Congo), and the first records of males of lesnei and pomeroyi are provided. A key to males and females of the 10 species is provided.


Assuntos
Tisanópteros , Animais , China , República Democrática do Congo , Extremo Oriente , Feminino , Índia , Japão , Quênia , Madagáscar , Masculino , Moçambique , África do Sul , Taiwan , Tanzânia
8.
Zootaxa ; 4619(3): zootaxa.4619.3.6, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716292

RESUMO

A worldwide checklist of the pontarachnid mites is provided based on published reports and original data. A total of 53 valid species of pontarachnid mites have been compiled, of which the genus Pontarachna includes 30 species, while 23 species belong to the genus Litarachna. The highest number of species (n=16) is reported from the marine province Tropical West of the Pacific Ocean. A deutonymph of Litarachna triangularis is reported here from Dongsha Atoll, Taiwan. Patterns of endemism and seemingly incomplete species distributional records are the result of a lack of intensive faunistic surveys in different parts of the world. The taxonomy of Pontarachnid mites will be improved by the use of mite-specific sampling methods and the application of molecular phylogenetics.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , Oceano Pacífico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan
9.
Zootaxa ; 4619(2): zootaxa.4619.2.3, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716302

RESUMO

Mycalesis kagina Fruhstorfer, 1911 is separated from Mycalesis suaveolens Wood-Mason de Nicéville, 1883 to represent a species endemic to Taiwan based upon COI barcode divergence, morphological diagnosis of larva, and genitalia of both sexes. Both kagina and suaveolens are confirmed as members of the genus Mycalesis in Mycalesina. Immature morphology, biology, and hostplant associations for both species are given for the first time. Larvae of both species are recognized as specialists on Zingiberaceae, a plant family rarely used by satyrid butterflies.


Assuntos
Borboletas , Animais , Biologia , Feminino , Genitália , Larva , Masculino , Taiwan
10.
Zootaxa ; 4619(2): zootaxa.4619.2.6, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716305

RESUMO

The genus Cephalomalthinus Pic, 1921 is a diverse group of soldier beetles known from East Asia, with modifications on the male antennae, which are traditionally used for species delimitation. However, antennae are uniform in some Cephalomalthinus groups, thus making species identification difficult. In this study, both morphological and molecular data are applied to solve the generic classification and species status of Micropodabrus simplicicornis Wittmer, 1993, which was recently synonymized with Cephalomalthinus formosanus (Pic, 1910). We analyzed holotypes, multiple specimens and DNA barcodes to re-examine the validity of this synonymy. The results suggest that M. simplicicornis should be resurrected from the synonymy with C. formosanus, and a new combination, Cephalomalthinus simplicicornis (Wittmer, 1993) rev. stat. et comb. n., is proposed accordingly. The results highlight the value of multisource taxonomy and the discordance between molecular and morphological data.


Assuntos
Besouros , Animais , Extremo Oriente , Masculino , Taiwan
11.
Zootaxa ; 4619(2): zootaxa.4619.2.7, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716306

RESUMO

The Indo-West Pacific scorpionfish Scorpaena neglecta Temminck Schlegel (1843) is redescribed on the basis of two syntypes and 129 additional specimens from Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Indonesia and Australia, and a lectotype is proposed. Four nominal species, Scorpaena fimbriata Döderlein in Steindachner Döderlein, 1884, Scorpaena izensis Jordan Starks, 1904, Scorpaena hemilepidota Fowler, 1938 and Scorpaenopsella armata Fowler, 1938, are regarded as junior synonyms of Scorpaena neglecta. Morphological changes with growth of S. neglecta are discussed.


Assuntos
Peixes , Animais , Austrália , Indonésia , Japão , Jordânia , República da Coreia , Taiwan
12.
Zootaxa ; 4613(1): zootaxa.4613.1.5, 2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716427

RESUMO

Micryletta inornata (Boulenger 1890), the type species of the genus Micryletta, was originally described from the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. Subsequently, this species has been widely reported from Sundaland (Sumatra and Malay Peninsula), Indo-China, Northeast India and South Andaman, up to southern China and Taiwan. However, since the original description there has been no further report of this species from the type locality or the island. During a herpetofaunal survey in Sumatra, several specimens that are morphologically concordant with the original description and the syntypes of M. inornata were found, and thus the species was rediscovered after 125 years. Here, we provide a redescription of the species based on the freshly collected specimens, along with a detailed morphological and molecular comparison with known congeners. Further, using molecular data from the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene, our study recovered the Sumatran M. inornata as a phylogenetically distinct lineage from all other populations previously referred to this species. This confirms that all known Micryletta 'inornata' populations from regions outside Sumatra constitute several other lineages representing either new species or previously available names currently considered as synonyms, consequently requiring taxonomic validation in the future.


Assuntos
Anuros , Animais , Anuros/genética , China , Índia , Indonésia , Ilhas , Malásia , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Taiwan
13.
Zootaxa ; 4564(2): zootaxa.4564.2.1, 2019 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716500

RESUMO

Japanese Aeolothripidae are reviewed, with three genera and 10 species recognized including the following four new species: Aeolothrips fukusimensis sp. n., A. setosus sp. n., Desmidothrips japonicus sp. n. and Franklinothrips oblongus sp. n. One species, A. gloriosus, is excluded from the Japanese fauna. Moreover, A. kurosawai is newly recorded from Taiwan and A. luteolus is newly recorded from Korea.


Assuntos
Tisanópteros , Animais , Japão , República da Coreia , Taiwan
14.
Zootaxa ; 4564(1): zootaxa.4564.1.13, 2019 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716526

RESUMO

This paper describes two new species of the tettigoniid subfamily Meconematinae from Taiwan, i.e. Phlugiolopsis (Phlugiolopsis?) taiwanensis sp. nov. and Xiphidiopsis (Xiphidiopsis) trifoliata sp. nov., and supplies the descriptions and illustrations.


Assuntos
Ortópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Taiwan
15.
Zootaxa ; 4658(1): zootaxa.4658.1.4, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716758

RESUMO

This study describes two new species of earthworms belonging to the genus Amynthas (Oligochaeta: Megascolecidae) from central Taiwan. They are named Amynthas luridus sp. nov. and Amynthas ruiyenensis sp. nov. Both species are octothecal with the former found at elevations of 1500-2300 m and the latter at an elevation of 2200 m from the Central Mountain Range. In addition, DNA barcodes are made available for the first time for the following species: Amynthas catenus Tsai et al., 2001, Amynthas exiguus aquilonius Tsai et al., 2001, Amynthas proasacceus Tsai et al., 2001, Amynthas hohuanmontis Tsai et al., 2002, Amynthas tessellatus Shen et al., 2002, Amynthas fenestrus Shen et al., 2003, Amynthas tantulus Shen et al., 2003, and Amynthas uvaglandularis Shen et al., 2003. Furthermore, Amynthas exiguus ssp. aquilonius Tsai et al., 2001 distributed at elevations of 2200-3000 m in the Central Mountain Range is elevated to species level, as A. aquilonius Tsai et al., 2001. The highest altitude record so far for the exotic Eukerria saltensis (Beddard, 1895) in Taiwan, 2200 m above sea level, is documented. Moreover, some recent assignments of species to Amynthas and Metaphire and synonymies of names are critically discussed. It is argued that idiosyncratic genus concepts, inadequate species comparisons, and unexplained synonymies should be avoided. A hitherto undetected and possibly monophyletic species group of mainly Korean Amynthas species in the A. tokioensis-group is indicated, characterized by numerous genital papillae around each spermathecal pore and male porophore, large ampullae, long diverticula, large prostate glands, and manicate intestinal caeca. The names A. bimaculata, A. silvatica and A. surcata (Ishizuka, 1999), as well as A. odaesanensis, A. righii, A. fasciiformis, and A. sanchongensis Hong James, 2001, previously declared as junior synonyms of A. tappensis (Ohfuchi, 1935), are revalidated.


Assuntos
Asteraceae , Oligoquetos , Animais , DNA , Masculino , Taiwan
16.
Zootaxa ; 4656(1): zootaxa.4656.1.1, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716836

RESUMO

The genus Pseudoaerumnosa Rudzinski, 2006 is redefined. The genus includes the following species which are described, illustrated and keyed: Pseudoaerumnosa acinacea sp. n., P. ampliata sp. n., P. annae sp. n., P. awanensis sp. n., P. banari sp. n., P. clavidactyla sp. n., P. clivicola sp. n., P. collicola sp. n., P. consuota sp. n., P. cryptoloba sp. n., P. curvifalx sp. n., P. eminula sp. n., P. exacuta sp. n., P. filispicata sp. n., P. formosa sp. n., P. fragilis sp. n., P. impensa sp. n., P. inviolata Rudzinski, 2006, P. junciseta sp. n., P. obovata sp. n., P. pilicaudata sp. n., P. quadriquetra sp. n., P. saginata sp. n., P. tenuidens sp. n. and P. tkoci sp. n. Morphological characters and the phylogenetic position of Pseudoaerumnosa are discussed. For some species, the barcode (COI) sequence data were obtained. The genus is currently known from the Oriental (22 species), Malagasy (3 species) and Australasian regions (1 species).


Assuntos
Dípteros , Animais , Nematóceros , Filogenia , Taiwan
17.
Zootaxa ; 4652(3): zootaxa.4652.3.10, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716862

RESUMO

Two new species of nereidids, Dendronereis chipolini n. sp. and Neanthes hsinchuensis n. sp., collected from brackish aquaculture ponds near coasts of southern Taiwan and fouling community on docks of the Hsinchu fishing port in northwestern Taiwan, respectively, are described in the present study. Dendronereis chipolini n. sp. differs from its congeners by a combination of number and morphology of branchiae, morphology of neuropodia and form of neuropodial homogomph spinigers. Neanthes hsinchuensis n. sp. can be distinguished from congeners reported from East and Southeast Asia by a combination of numbers of conical paragnaths, morphology of notopodia, the absent/present of prechaetal lobe and forms of neuropodial chaetae. A key to Dendronereis species of the world is included, together with a table of morphological characters of Neanthes species reported from East and Southeast Asia, which have no conical paragnaths on Area V of the pharynx.


Assuntos
Anelídeos , Poliquetos , Animais , Taiwan
18.
Zootaxa ; 4652(3): zootaxa.4652.3.13, 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716865

RESUMO

Asian herminiine moths of the Herminia decipiens complex are revised and five allopatric species are recognized, i.e. Herminia decipiens (Hampson, 1898) in Nilgiri Hills, Khasi Hills, South China, Indochina, Malay Peninsula, H. terminalis (Wileman, 1915) in Taiwan, H. yuksam sp. nov. in East Nepal, Sikkim, H. borneo sp. nov. in Borneo and H. amamioshima sp. nov. in Amami-oshima Is., Shimo-Koshikijima Is. and South Kyushu (Kagoshima). Key to all species is given.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Animais , Bornéu , China , Indochina , Malásia , Nepal , Taiwan
19.
Zootaxa ; 4652(1): zootaxa.4652.1.10, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716890

RESUMO

The genus Rubrocuneocoris Schuh is recognized from Vietnam for the first time, with a new species, R. vietnamensis n. sp.  The new species is described and documented with images of the habitus and male genitalic structures. Male and female genitalic structures are described for R. albescens Yasunaga. Species of Rubrocuneocoris described from Taiwan are herein transferred to Atractotomoidea Yasunaga and the following new combinations are accordingly proposed: Atractotomoidea falcis (Lin 2006) n. comb., A. maculosus (Lin 2006) n. comb., A. nodus (Lin 2006) n. comb., and A. trifidus (Lin 2006) n. comb. A revised checklist of Rubrocuneocoris is presented.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Plantas , Taiwan , Vietnã
20.
Zootaxa ; 4608(2): zootaxa.4608.2.8, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717151

RESUMO

Compsiluroides communis Mesnil, C. flavipalpis Mesnil and C. meifengensis sp. nov. are redescribed and described with illustrations. Compsiluroides proboscis Chao Sun is treated as a junior synonym of C. communis. Variations of structures of the male postabdomen of C. communis are illustrated. The genus is newly recorded from Nepal and Taiwan. A key to the three known species of Compsiluroides is provided and their diagnostic characters are illustrated.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Masculino , Nepal , Tamanho do Órgão , Taiwan
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