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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998207

RESUMO

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and its associated governmental recommendations and restrictions have influenced many aspects of human life, including exercise and mental health. This study aims to explore the influence of COVID-19 on exercise behavior and its impact on mood states, as well as predict changes in exercise behavior during a similar future pandemic in Taiwan. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted between 7 April and 13 May 2020 (n = 1114). Data on exercise behavior pre and during the pandemic and mood states were collected. A cumulative link model was used to predict changes in exercise frequency during a similar future pandemic by exercise frequency during the pandemic. A linear model was used to predict the influence of exercise frequency before and during the pandemic on mood states during the pandemic. A total of 71.2%, 67.3%, and 58.3% of respondents maintained their exercise intensity, frequency, and duration, respectively, during the pandemic. Frequent exercisers are more likely to maintain their exercise frequency during a similar pandemic (p < 0.001). Higher exercise frequencies during the pandemic were associated with better mood states (p < 0.05). Moreover, the effects of prepandemic exercise frequency on mood states are moderated by changes in exercise frequency during the pandemic (p < 0.05). Additionally, maintenance of exercise frequency during a pandemic specifically for frequent exercisers are recommended to preserve mood states. These results may provide evidence for health policies on exercise promotion and mental health before and during a future pandemic.


Assuntos
Afeto , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Exercício Físico , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia
2.
Transl Psychiatry ; 10(1): 339, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024072

RESUMO

There were several studies about the psychiatric and mental health issues related to the severe adult respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003, however, the association between SARS and the overall risk of psychiatric disorders and suicides has, as yet, to be studied in Taiwan. The aim of this study is to examine as to whether SARS is associated with the risk of psychiatric disorders and suicide. A total of 285 patients with SARS and 2850 controls without SARS (1:10) matched for sex, age, insurance premium, comorbidities, residential regions, level of medical care, and index date were selected between February 25 and June 15, 2003 from the Inpatient Database Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. During the 12-year follow-up, in which 79 in the SARS cohort and 340 in the control group developed psychiatric disorders or suicide (4047.41 vs. 1535.32 per 100,000 person-years). Fine and Gray's survival analysis revealed that the SARS cohort was associated with an increased risk of psychiatric disorders and suicide, and the adjusted subdistribution HR (sHR) was 2.805 (95% CI: 2.182-3.605, p < 0.001) for psychiatric disorders and suicide. The SARS cohort was associated with anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder/acute stress disorder (PTSD/ASD), and suicide. The sensitivity analysis revealed that the SARS group was associated with anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, PTSD/ASD, and suicide after the individuals with a diagnosis of psychiatric disorders and suicide were excluded within the first year, and with anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders, while those in the first five years were excluded. In conclusion, SARS was associated with the increased risk of psychiatric disorders and suicide.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transtornos Mentais , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/virologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/psicologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/terapia , Taiwan/epidemiologia
3.
Environ Monit Assess ; 192(11): 700, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047214

RESUMO

To investigate the possible impact of the traffic flow of mountainous roads and the construction and operation of a long tunnel on the water quality of a reservoir, this study conducts statistical analysis on water quality, meteorological, and traffic data of the Feitsui Reservoir and its upstream tributaries over the last three decades. Results from statistical regression analysis indicate that in the upstream area where the traffic flow is low, water quality varies insignificantly with rainfall and traffic flow, providing as a background reference of natural environment. Water quality near a conventional highway on which many vehicles travel through the catchment area is significantly affected by both rainfall and traffic flow since the drainage system of a conventional highway sends its gathered water into adjacent rivers. Not only does traffic flow generate contaminants, but also the construction of the Hsuehshan Tunnel of the No. 5 Expressway, Taiwan, in the catchment area of the Feitsui Reservoir generates pollution. Drainage, silt settling and retarding basin, and wastewater treatment facilities near the construction site mitigate the impact of tunnel construction and traffic flow on the environment. The No. 5 Expressway makes good use of viaduct and tunnel structures, collecting water from pavements within the catchment area into sewage facilities, filtering it, and then emitting it outside the catchment area, forming a closed system over the Feitsui Reservoir. The Expressway now shortens travel time from two hours to 40 min and accommodates 7-13 times previous traffic flows, insignificant influencing water quality in the upstream tributaries of the reservoir, demonstrating the effectiveness of its environmental protection measures.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Qualidade da Água , Rios , Taiwan , Águas Residuárias
4.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 737, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028228

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is a concern in many countries, is the leading cause of liver cancer around the world. Since Taiwan launched its national health insurance system in 1995, it has managed to extend health coverage to 99% of the Taiwanese population, providing free but limited antiviral treatment each year since 2017. However, many people in rural areas are unaware that they have chronic HCV; nor do they realize that new drugs with high cure rates could drastically reduce their health burden. The aim of this study is to explore the implementation facilitators of and barriers to inviting potentially infected patients in rural areas to be transferred for HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) confirmation and new drug treatment. METHODS: A descriptive and prospective study design with an interdisciplinary collaboration approach was implemented. After five elements of referral were developed, telephone counseling was conducted between August 2018 and May 2019 in Yunlin, Taiwan. The elements of referral developed by the research team were: (1) forming and coordinating physicians' schedules, (2) recruiting and training volunteers, (3) training the nursing staff, (4) raising funds or resources, and (5) connecting with village leaders. Thereafter, we collaborated with two district health centers, a private local hospital, and health clinics. Based on the medical records provided by these agencies, community adults that were HCV antibody (anti-HCV) positive were invited to join the program. RESULTS: Of the 1795 adults who were serum anti-HCV positive, 1149 (64%) accepted transfer to a qualified hospital; of these, 623 (54.2%) had an HCV infection. 552 (88.6%) of those infected started receiving direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) treatment. The top four barriers to accepting transfer were: (1) they perceived themselves to be healthy (n = 98, 32.3%); (2) mistrust of treatment/healthcare (n = 60, 20.2%); (3) limited transportation to the hospital (n = 52, 17.5%); and (4) work conflict (n = 30, 10.1%). CONCLUSION: An interdisciplinary collaboration approach significantly contributed to the invitation of CHC patients, as well as their acceptance of HCV RNA confirmation and free DAAs treatment. Using anti-HCV data from previous medical records for case-finding and collaborating with a hospital and health clinics proved to be an efficient strategy.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Adulto , Feminino , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite C/sangue , Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite C Crônica/psicologia , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , População Rural , Taiwan
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22504, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031288

RESUMO

In clinical trials of tofacitinib for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Japanese and Korean patients had higher incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) than subjects from elsewhere; however, post-market data from Asia are lacking. Hence, we investigated the incidence of HZ and its risk factors in Taiwanese RA patients receiving tofacitinib. At a medical center in Taichung, Taiwan, we enrolled patients with active RA treated with tofacitinib between January 4, 2015 and December 9, 2017, following unsuccessful methotrexate therapy and no tofacitinib exposure RA patients as a control group. Demographic characteristics, interferon-gamma levels, and lymphocyte counts were compared. Among 125 tofacitinib-treated RA patients, 7 developed HZ, an incidence rate of 3.6/100 person-years. Patients with HZ had shorter disease duration than those without, but higher frequency of prior HZ. Baseline interferon-gamma levels and HLA-DR activated T cell counts were positively correlated and significantly lower in patients with HZ than without. Strikingly, 5/7 HZ cases occurred within 4 months of starting tofacitinib therapy. Incidence of HZ in tofacitinib-treated Taiwanese RA patients is lower than rates in Japan or Korea, and commensurate with the global average. HZ may occur soon after commencing tofacitinib therapy. The role of interferon-gamma and activated T cells in tofacitinib-related HZ deserves further investigation.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Herpes Zoster/epidemiologia , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Interferon gama/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taiwan/epidemiologia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22556, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031301

RESUMO

Sedation esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) has become more prevalent in many countries. However, owing to the limitation of health insurance payment for sedation EGD in Taiwan, non-sedation EGD still accounts for the majority of cases. This study was aimed to explore the differences between the sedation and non-sedation groups in terms of endoscopic findings, such as detection rate of gastric polyp of any size, number of detected gastric polyps, and location of the gastric polyps detected.We enrolled 10,940 patients who underwent EGD between January 1, 2016 and December 31, 2016 at the Tri-Service General Hospital; among the patients, 1900 received intravenous sedation (IVS) and 9040 did not. The data reviewed included demographics, parameters of the polyp (number, size, and location), and pathology.Compared with the non-sedation group, the sedation group had a higher overall polyp detection rate (P < .001); a greater number of detected polyps (Odds ratio 1.50, P = .007); and a higher detection rate of smaller polyps, such as fundic gland polyp, and hyperplastic polyp (P < .001). Among the pathological findings, gastric neuroendocrine tumor (NET) was detected using EGD in 2 cases and manifested as small polyps (<0.05 cm), and it showed significantly better detection rates in the sedation EGD group than in the non-sedation EGD group (P = .002).Sedation EGD could enhance a patients willingness and cooperation during EGD. Furthermore, sedation EGD increased the detection rates of small gastric polyps and was more likely to enable identification of unusual findings, such as gastric NET.


Assuntos
Pólipos Adenomatosos/diagnóstico , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Pólipos Adenomatosos/patologia , Criança , Sedação Consciente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Taiwan
7.
Zootaxa ; 4852(1): zootaxa.4852.1.5, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056710

RESUMO

Nepalmatoiulus is currently represented in continental China and Taiwan by twenty-five species. Seven new species of the genus are described from the China: Nepalmatoiulus lanpingensis sp. nov., Nepalmatoiulus uncinatus sp. nov., Nepalmatoiulus emarginatus sp. nov., Nepalmatoiulus deqenensis sp. nov., Nepalmatoiulus parvulus sp. nov., Nepalmatoiulus acutidentatus sp. nov., Nepalmatoiulus hexiensis sp. nov. Additional material for Nepalmatoiulus tianbaoshanensis Mikhaljova, 2020 is given. A key is given to all Nepalmatoiulus presently known from continental China and Taiwan Island. The distributions of Chinese and Taiwanese Nepalmatoiulus species are discussed. Taxonomic remarks are provided for nearly all new species.


Assuntos
Artrópodes , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Taiwan
8.
Zootaxa ; 4838(4): zootaxa.4838.4.8, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056807

RESUMO

A new diagnosis of the genus Parabaliothrips is provided, together with a key to the nine recognized species and descriptions of the following: P. betulaceae n.sp., P. brevisetosus n.sp. and P. robustus n.sp. The European species Firmothrips firmus and Iridothrips mariae are newly recorded from Japan.


Assuntos
Tisanópteros , Animais , Japão , Taiwan
9.
Zootaxa ; 4763(4): zootaxa.4763.4.2, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056843

RESUMO

Based upon both morphological and gene barcode evidence, the population of Spindasis syama in Taiwan is described as Spindasis syama lamuae, ssp. nov., and the taxon negrita Felder, 1862 is revised as a species endemic to the Philippines (stat. rev.).


Assuntos
Borboletas , Animais , Filipinas , Taiwan
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22441, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019427

RESUMO

It has been suggested that herpes zoster may increase the risk of subsequent prostate cancer (PCa). We aimed to assess the risk of PCa following herpes zoster by the population-based follow-up study.This is a retrospective study and data are from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). The study cohort comprised all patients with a diagnosis of herpes zoster (International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification code 053.0-053.9) and followed for PCa from 1997 to 2013 (n = 11,376). Subjects younger than 20 years of age were excluded. The match-control cohort was identified from the Registry of Beneficiaries of the NHIRD and randomly selected by matching with the study cohort at a 3:1 ratio based on age (every 5-year span), and year of herpes zoster diagnosis (n = 34,128). We used Cox proportional hazards regression models to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) for subsequent PCa, after controlling for potential cormobidities.Men with and without herpes zoster had similar age and comorbidity distributions. Among the 45,504 sampled patients, 1011 (2.22%) developed PCa during the 10 years of follow-up, 276 (2.43%) from the study cohort and 735 (2.15%) from the match-control cohort and the incidence rate was 3.13 and 2.72 per 1000 person years respectively. Patients with herpes zoster were more likely to develop PCa than patients in the match-control cohort (HR = 1.15; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.00-1.32, P value = .045). After adjusting for age and comorbidities, herpes zoster was associated with a 1.15 increased risk of PCa (adjusted HR = 1.15, 95% CI = 0.99-1.32, P value = .054).Our study indicates that preceding herpes zoster infection is a suggestive risk marker for subsequent PCa after controlling for potential confounders. Further prospective studies are needed to determine the relationship between herpes zoster and PCa.


Assuntos
Herpes Zoster/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Causalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Taiwan/epidemiologia
11.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(6): 249-253, sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190155

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Influenza virus infection is associated with a high disease burden. COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has become a pandemic outbreak since January 2020. Taiwan has effectively contained COVID-19 community transmission. We aimed to validate whether fighting COVID-19 could help to control other respiratory infections in Taiwan. METHOD: We collected week-case data of severe influenza, invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae disease and death toll from pneumonia among 25 calendar weeks of the influenza season for four years (2016-2020), which were reported to Taiwan CDC. Trend and slope differences between years were compared. RESULT: A downturn trend of severe influenza, invasive S. pneumoniae disease and the death toll from pneumonia per week in 2019/2020 season and significant trend difference in comparison to previous seasons were noted, especially after initiation of several disease prevention measures to fight potential COVID-19 outbreak in Taiwan. CONCLUSIONS: Fighting COVID-19 achieved collateral benefits on significant reductions of severe influenza burden, invasive S. pneumoniae disease activity, and the death toll from pneumonia reported to CDC in Taiwan


PROPÓSITOS: La COVID-19, causada por SARS-CoV-2, se ha convertido en un brote de pandemia desde enero de 2020. Taiwán ha contenido efectivamente la transmisión comunitaria de la COVID-19. Por otra parte, la influenza también es una enfermedad que se asocia con una alta carga de morbilidades. El objetivo del estudio es validar si combatir la COVID-19 podría ayudar a controlar otras infecciones respiratorias en Taiwán. MÉTODOS: Recopilamos datos semanales de casos de influenza grave, infecciones invasivas por Streptococcus pneumoniae y número de muertes por neumonía, que se informaron a los CDC de Taiwán en las 25 semanas de la temporada de influenza durante 4 años (2016-2020). Comparamos las diferencias de tendencia y de pendiente entre los años. RESULTADOS: Se observó una tendencia a la baja de la influenza grave, de las infecciones invasivas por Streptococcus pneumoniae y del número de muertes por neumonía por semana en la temporada de influenza de 2019-2020. Se observaron diferencias significativas en la tendencia en comparación con las temporadas anteriores, especialmente después del inicio de varias medidas de prevención de enfermedades para combatir el posible brote de COVID-19 en Taiwán. CONCLUSIONES: Por el número de casos reportados a los CDC de Taiwán, encontramos que la lucha contra la COVID-19 logró beneficios colaterales en cuanto a reducción significativa de la carga de la influenza grave, a las infecciones invasivas por Streptococcus pneumoniae y al número de muertes por neumonía


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções Respiratórias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Streptococcus pneumoniae
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962052

RESUMO

This study aimed to determine the proportion of individuals who reported the deterioration of physical and psychological health during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Taiwan. Moreover, the related factors of deterioration of physical and psychological health and the association between deterioration of health and adoption of protective behavior against COVID-19 and mental health problems were also examined. We recruited participants via a Facebook advertisement. We determined the subjective physical and psychological health states, cognitive and affective construct of health belief, perceived social support, mental health problems, adoption of protective behavior and demographic characteristics among 1954 respondents (1305 women and 649 men; mean age: 37.9 years with standard deviation 10.8 years). In total, 13.2% and 19.3% of respondents reported deteriorated physical and psychological health during the COVID-19 pandemic, respectively. Participants with higher perceived harm from COVID-19 compared with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) were more likely to report the subjective deterioration of physical and psychological health, whereas respondents who were older and perceived a higher level of social support were less likely to report a deterioration of physical and psychological health. The subjective deterioration of psychological health was significantly associated with avoiding crowded places and wearing a mask. Both subjective deteriorations of physical and psychological health positively related to general anxiety.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Coronavirus , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 159: 111492, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892924

RESUMO

The concentrations of the heavy metals Cu, Pb, Zn, As, Cr, Co, and Ni of a total of 187 surface sediment samples collected from the western Taiwan Strait were analyzed. The distribution characteristics and degree of contamination of these elements were investigated. The mean concentrations of Cu, Pb, Zn, As, Cr, Co, and Ni in the surface sediments of the study area were 10.2 mg/kg, 18.3 mg/kg, 51.7 mg/kg, 7.5 mg/kg, 38.7 mg/kg, 8.0 mg/kg, and 16.5 mg/kg, respectively. The heavy metals in the study area were mainly from natural sources. The regional pollution load index (PLIzone) was 0.64, indicating that there was no contamination, and an area with a relatively high PLIzone was found in the northern part of the study area. Furthermore, the impacts of the rapid development of Fujian's marine economy on the marine environment in the past decade should be further compared and analyzed.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Medição de Risco , Taiwan
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32937749

RESUMO

Outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have affected populations worldwide. Our literature review summarises the studies reporting psychological issues among healthcare staff and infected patients in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan during these two outbreaks and the potential strategies for addressing these issues. Our review shows that patients and healthcare staff presented similar psychological symptoms, including anxiety, fear, distress, and depression, which may lead to stress-related complications such as insomnia. In patients, these psychological impairments can be contributed to by being quarantined, perceptions of threats to life, and uncertainty about health status. Quarantine is also a factor for distress among healthcare staff, together with their heavy workload, the fear that they and their families would become infected, witnessing their patients' poor and deteriorating conditions, and the requirement to wear protective gear. Strategies that are needed to address these factors include providing counselling services, implementing mindfulness-based therapies and optimism interventions, and providing telecommunication facilities for patients to communicate with their families. Healthcare staff should also be provided with these services, together with appropriate and flexible work shift arrangements and morale boosting. These strategies would improve not only the mental well-being of patients and healthcare staff, but also the self-efficacy and competence of the staff to provide quality healthcare services.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , China , Hong Kong , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Taiwan
15.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 45, 2020 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal symptoms are not rare among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, but there have been no reports regarding convalescent plasma therapy for the recovery of gastrointestinal problems in COVID-19 patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two cases of patients with COVID-19-associated recurrent diarrhea and positive fecal occult blood who successfully recovered after a one-time convalescent plasma administration. CONCLUSION: When COVID-19 patients develop recurrent or refractory gastrointestinal symptoms and fail to respond to the available treatment, alternative therapy with convalescent plasma administration may be considered.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Diarreia/terapia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Diarreia/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Imunização Passiva/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Recidiva , Amostragem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taiwan , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(5): 4-5, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978759

RESUMO

Taiwan officially entered the era of negative population growth in 2020, with the number of births falling below the number of deaths. Taiwan society is facing the severe problems of low birthrate and aging population, which will exacerbate the social gap in medical resources. Fortunately, rapid progress in developing smart technologies (Button et al., 2014) should bring new opportunities for healthcare. Therefore, the focus of and approach to healthcare should be adjusted (While & Dewsbury, 2011). On the one hand, applying smart technology in medical / nursing staff education offers myriad opportunities for improvement (Car et al., 2019), including using virtual reality in training, using mobile technology tools in education, and using Internet of Things technology to assist medical/nursing staff in the clinical-care process. Moreover, smart education technology will play an important, auxiliary role in the healthcare field in terms of mobile applications, robot practice, simulation experience, digital medicine, and telemedicine and influence the future of medical/nursing health care education (Bajpai et al., 2019). On the other hand, using smart technology to promote healthcare through various innovative healthcare design activities will help develop older-adult-friendly technology products, systems, services, and even living environments (Wang et al., 2015). These include remote home care systems, smart homes, rehabilitation systems, environment-assisted living, intelligent mobile assistance systems, communication platforms and social networks, accompanying robots, and interactive entertainment technology, among others. Smart technology will provide family members and professional medical staffs with more-convenient and efficient healthcare support, maximize the effectiveness of healthcare resources, and drive the development of related industries (Insel, 2017). The title of this column is interdisciplinary applications of healthcare and technology: education, research, and practice. In using smart technology to support healthcare, key research and practical issues will be how to apply related innovations to promote medical education, combine clinical research, and effectively integrate smart technology into healthcare.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Taiwan
17.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(5): 19-25, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978762

RESUMO

People have traditionally associated being 'not ill' with being 'healthy'. This concept has changed due to the improvement of Taiwan's population structure, advances in medical care, and better education. The word 'health' is defined by the World Health Organization as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. In the future, people in Taiwan must address the challenges of population aging and create a society oriented to the long-term care needs of its citizens. People have different healthcare requirements during the respective stages of healthy, sub-healthy, and disability. Advancing technology has allowed the creation of many healthcare applications such as "health big data" that incorporate Internet of things (IoT) capabilities. Applying artificial intelligence opens many new possibilities and solutions. This article was written to introduce the application of big data techniques in smart healthcare that are appropriate to the three stages of healthy, sub-healthy, and disability.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Big Data , Tecnologia Biomédica , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Taiwan
18.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(5): 26-32, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978763

RESUMO

The popularization of smart technology is a global phenomenon. The increasing ubiquity of smartphones offers the potential to apply smart technology in areas such as healthcare and behavioral change interventions. Mobile health services may enhance the effectiveness and resolve the shortcomings of traditional medical services, which cannot continuously and instantly track changes in disease symptoms. The popularity of mobile phones has led to the emergence of mobile health applications. Mobile health applications use active and passive methods to collect data and transmit information. Studies have confirmed the feasibility and acceptance of these applications in assessing and detecting diseases and in mental health interventions. In this article, the limitations of traditional psychiatric medical diagnosis and the opportunity to develop mobile health using information and communication technology are discussed, and related empirical research on using smart technology to evaluate and detect symptoms is explored using the example of bipolar disorders. In addition, the benefits and future prospects of onset alert and the development of healthcare models for action are highlighted. In the future, we look forward to developing mobile health applications that meet the needs of healthcare in Taiwan. Furthermore, we recommend more research and investment in related fields to accumulate more extensive empirical evidence.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Aplicativos Móveis , Smartphone , Telemedicina/métodos , Humanos , Taiwan
19.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(5): 33-43, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critical care nurses must often care for patients who are dying and their families. Thus, understanding the self-efficacy and life attitudes of nursing staff in the ICU in response to death is important to the development and provision of relevant education and training. PURPOSE: This study was designed to explore the self-efficacy of ICU nurses in response to death and related predictive factors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional research study. The subjects were 216 nurses in the adult ICU of a medical center in northern Taiwan. The research tools used included the death coping self-efficacy scale and the life attitude scale. Data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression. RESULTS: The results showed: 1. In terms of death coping self-efficacy, the mean score was 112.0 ± 14.3, with the highest scoring subscale, hospice care, earning a mean score of 51.1 ± 6.3. In terms of life attitude, the mean score was 128.9 ± 13.8, with the highest scoring subscale, life autonomy, earning a mean score of 24.0 ± 3.2. 2. Nurses with experiences of withdrawal of life support had better coping efficacy (t = 1.94, p = .05) and those with a graduate degree or above earned a better average life attitude score than those educated to the university / junior college level. 3. Age and ICU seniority were found to correlate positively with grief-related coping skills (r = .241- .315), with the life-attitude subscales of aspiring, life-autonomy, love, and caring showing positive correlations with death coping self-efficacy (r = .138- .482). 4. The predictors found in this study for death coping self-efficacy were age, aspiring, life-autonomy, love, and caring, with a total explained variance of 30.1% (F = 12.78, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that education level and having hospice care experience are both significant predictors of life attitude in ICU nurses, which is a factor that is known to affect self-efficacy in response to death. Life attitude and hospice care training programs for ICU nurses should be promoted to foster positive life attitudes and thereby enhance self-efficacy in response to death to improve the quality of intensive clinical care.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Morte , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Adulto , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Taiwan
20.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(5): 44-55, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that oral health is closely related to systemic diseases. Poor oral hygiene may lead to dental caries and periodontal disease and also increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Patients with stroke have a possibility of recurrence, and good oral health is expected to benefit their general health. Nevertheless, nursing research exploring the oral health and oral hygiene behaviors of stroke patients has been rare. PURPOSE: To explore the factors significantly associated with oral health status and oral hygiene behaviors in patients with stroke. METHODS: A cross-sectional research design with convenient sampling was used. Information on health promoting behaviors and oral health status was collected in a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan. A multivariate linear regression model was applied to explore the factors associated with oral health status in patients with stroke. RESULTS: One hundred and eight-five patients with stroke were enrolled in this study. The average number of real teeth was 11.3 and the average score for oral health status was 4. The univariate analysis showed that being 65 years of age or older, having an education level below primary school, having a lower Barthel index score, having a higher modified Rankin scale score, not brushing and flossing, not having a regular tooth cleaning, having a lower of health promotion score, and having insufficient water intake levels were all associated with a worse oral health status. The stepwise regression analysis showed that factors affecting oral health status include health promotion behaviors, age, tooth brushing, and water intake, which, together, accounted for 28.5% of the total variance. CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The findings indicate that oral health status, oral hygiene behaviors, and health promoting behaviors are inadequate among patients with stroke. Clinicians should promote health-related behaviors early to their patients with stroke, specifically in terms of implementing proper oral hygiene behaviors in daily routine care.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Higiene Bucal/psicologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan
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