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1.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 69(9): 2516-2520, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34427256

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the cosmetic efficacy and safety of an indigenous novel corneal tattooing technique using a self-prepared candle soot pigment. Methods: This pilot observational study involved 22 eyes of patients at a Bengaluru-based ophthalmology setting. The study considered only eyes with nil or low visual potential. Eyes with active ocular inflammation, nasolacrimal obstruction, severe hypotony, and shrunken globe due to phthisis bulbi were excluded. The surgery was carried out under aseptic conditions using a self-prepared carbon soot pigment. Different methods such as lamellar, surface needle micropuncture, machine-assisted surface tattooing, or a combination were used for pigment application. Results: Ten eyes underwent combined lamellar and surface tattooing; lamellar tattooing was performed for 11 eyes, and surface tattooing for one eye. Nineteen patients underwent limbus-to-limbus corneal tattooing and three patients had undergone focal tattooing to cover nasal pterygium scar, inferior iridectomy, and leukocoria due to calcific cataract. Nearly 91% were subjectively satisfied with the tattooing technique and 82% had excellent cosmetic coverage along with subjective satisfaction. None of the subjects required a repeat surgery or augmentation of tattooing. There was no reported case of corneal inflammation, epithelial erosions, infiltrations, infections, nonhealing areas, stromal melting, or any other complications. Conclusion: This novel procedure, involving self-prepared carbon soot pigment tattooing, provides excellent cosmetic results and high patient satisfaction. It is relatively safe, easy to perform, and the conventional steps of tattooing such as pigment procurement, storage, and sterilization can be avoided, as the carbon pigment is freshly prepared under aseptic conditions.


Assuntos
Fuligem , Tatuagem , Carbono , Túnica Conjuntiva , Córnea , Humanos
2.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 219: 103390, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34390931

RESUMO

While body modifications have increasingly gained acceptance and popularity, how different subpopulations aesthetically appreciate tattoos remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the conceptual structure underlying tattoo aesthetics, focusing on the effects of internalized social norms and expertise. Using a timed free-listing task, three groups (≤49 years, ≥50 years, and experts) comprising 497 participants were asked to write down adjectives that could describe tattoo aesthetics. Statistical analyses of frequency, cognitive salience indices, co-occurrence dimensions, semantic dimensions, similarity measures, and valences were applied and, to directly compare the three groups, a generalized Procrustes analysis was applied. The variance and complexity with which individuals verbally expressed their perceived aesthetic appeal of tattoos were highlighted. However, the results do not reveal a unified concept of beauty, nor do they present a clear bipolar dimension of beautiful/ugly for two of the three groups. Nevertheless, the concept of beauty was found to be prominent in tattoo aesthetics, and aesthetic and descriptive-evaluative dimensions were identified, with terms such as beautiful, ugly, multicolored, and interesting being the most notable adjectives, although not with the highest valence. Possible factors explaining the intracultural differences between the three groups are also discussed.


Assuntos
Tatuagem , Beleza , Estética , Humanos , Semântica , Normas Sociais
3.
J Oral Sci ; 63(4): 352-354, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433739

RESUMO

Injection phobia and dental anxiety can, in severe cases, lead to avoidance of necessary treatment. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate self-reported injection phobia and dental anxiety among individuals with tattoos and/or piercings. The Injection Phobia Scale-Anxiety (IPSA) short form and the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) questionnaires were applied. Both the total IPSA and MDAS scores were significantly higher for individuals with tattoos in comparison with a control group (P < 0.001), suggesting a need for anxiety-reducing measures and facilitated treatment for this group of patients.


Assuntos
Transtornos Fóbicos , Tatuagem , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/etiologia , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tatuagem/efeitos adversos
4.
Toxicology ; 460: 152872, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303732

RESUMO

The increasing number of tattooed persons urges the development of reliable test systems to assess tattoo associated risks. The alarming prevalence of 60 % phototoxic reactions in tattoos ask for a more comprehensive investigation of phototoxic reactions in tattooed skin. Here, we aimed to compare the cellular responses of human skin cells to ultraviolet (UV)A and UVB irradiation in doses of short to intermitted sun exposure (3-48 J/cm² and 0.05-5 J/cm², respectively) in the presence of tattoo pigments. Therefore, we used fibroblast monolayer culture (2D), our recently developed three dimensional full-thickness skin model with dermal-located tattoo pigments (TatSFT) and its dermal equivalents (TatSDE) that lack keratinocytes. We tested the most frequently used tattoo pigments carbon black, titanium dioxide (TiO2) anatase and rutile as well as Pigment Orange (P.O.)13 in ranges from 0.067 to 2.7 ng/cell in 2D. For TatSDE and TatSFT, concentrations were 1.3 ng/cell for TiO2, 0.67 ng/cell for P.O.13 and 0.067 ng/cell for carbon black. We assessed cell viability and cytokine release in all systems, and cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) formation in TatSFT. Phototoxicity of tattoo pigments was exclusively observed in 2D, where especially TiO2 anatase induced phototoxic effects in all concentrations (0.067-2.7 ng/cell). In contrast, fibroblasts were protected from UV irradiation in TatSDE by TiO2 and carbon black. Neither toxic nor protective effects were recorded in TatSFT. P.O.13 showed altered cytokine secretion in 2D (0.067-1.3 ng/cell) and TatSDE, despite the absence of significant effects on viability in all systems. All pigments reduced the number of CPDs in TatSFT compared to the pigment-free controls. In conclusion, our study shows that within a 3D arrangement, intradermal tattoo pigments may act photoprotective despite intrinsic phototoxic properties in 2D. Thus, dermal 3D equivalents should be considered to evaluate acute tattoo pigment toxicology.


Assuntos
Corantes/toxicidade , Dermatite Fototóxica , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Tatuagem/efeitos adversos , Testes de Toxicidade/métodos , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Células Cultivadas , Corantes/farmacologia , Dermatite Fototóxica/patologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Prepúcio do Pênis/citologia , Prepúcio do Pênis/efeitos dos fármacos , Prepúcio do Pênis/patologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/toxicidade , Pele/patologia , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Fuligem/farmacologia , Fuligem/toxicidade , Tatuagem/métodos , Titânio/farmacologia , Titânio/toxicidade
6.
Nanoscale ; 13(24): 10798-10806, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106110

RESUMO

Highly conductive, conformable and gel-free electrodes are desirable in human electrophysiology. Besides, intimately coupling with human skin, wearable strain sensors can detect numerous physiological signals, such as wrist pulse and breath. In this study, a multilayer graphene nanosheet film (MGNF) with high conductivity was prepared by the Marangoni self-assembly for using in tattoo dry electrodes (TDEs) and in a graphene tattoo strain sensor (GTSS). Compared to commercial Ag/AgCl gel electrodes, TDEs have lower skin-electrode contact impedance and could detect human electrocardiogram for 24-hour wearing more accurately as well as electromyogram. Through designing a slim serpentine ribbon structure, a resistance-type GTSS, without deterioration even after 2000 cycles, is well demonstrated for human wrist pulse and breath sensing. With the advantages of high conductivity and conformability, MGNF provides support to fabricate low-cost, customizable, and high-performance electronic tattoos for human electrophysiology and strain sensing.


Assuntos
Grafite , Tatuagem , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Eletrônica , Eletrofisiologia , Humanos
7.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 350, 2021 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Moulages can greatly extend the possibilities of simulation in teaching and assessment. Since moulages that fit an educator's exact needs are often unavailable commercially, this paper explains how 2-dimensional transfer tattoos can be independently developed, produced, and evaluated. METHODS: From representative photographs of the specific skin condition an analogue copy of the pathological finding is drawn. Once validated by the medical expert, it can be digitized by scanning and processed using graphics software. The final digital image file is printed onto transfer paper. Once applied and fixed onto the intended wearer, usually a simulated patient, its authenticity can be confirmed, and further transfer tattoos can be produced. RESULTS: Using this moulage technique we produced 10 different 2-dimensional transfer tattoos to date, including hematoma, Janeway lesions and splinter nails. These moulages are used in clinical skills training, formative and high-stakes summative assessment in undergraduate medical and nursing programs. CONCLUSIONS: By sharing our development process for 2-dimensional transfer tattoos, health profession educators can produce their own that best fit their local educational needs. Due to their high authenticity and standardization, 2-dimensional transfer tattoos are ideal for use in high-stakes assessment.


Assuntos
Tatuagem , Competência Clínica , Avaliação Educacional , Ocupações em Saúde , Humanos
8.
J Dtsch Dermatol Ges ; 19(5): 657-669, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955682

RESUMO

During tattooing, a high amount of ink is injected into the skin. Tattoo inks contain numerous substances such as the coloring pigments, impurities, solvents, emulsifiers, and preservatives. Black amorphous carbon particles (carbon black), white titanium dioxide, azo or polycyclic pigments create all varieties of color shades in the visible spectrum. Some ingredients of tattoo inks might be hazardous and allergenic chemicals of unknown potential. In Germany, about 20 % of the general population is tattooed and related adverse reactions are increasingly reported. Since tattoo needles inevitably harm the skin, microorganisms can enter the wound and may cause infections. Non-allergic inflammatory reactions (for example cutaneous granuloma and pseudolymphoma) as well as allergic reactions may emerge during or after wound healing. Especially with allergies occurring after weeks, months or years, it remains difficult to identify the specific ingredient(s) that trigger the reaction. This review summarizes possible adverse effects related to tattooing with a focus on the development of tattoo-mediated allergies. To date, relevant allergens were only identified in rare cases. Here we present established methods and discuss current experimental approaches to identify culprit allergens in tattoo inks - via testing of the patient and in vitro approaches.


Assuntos
Tatuagem , Alérgenos , Corantes/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Tinta , Pele , Tatuagem/efeitos adversos
9.
Scand J Psychol ; 62(4): 502-509, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33973256

RESUMO

Destination memory involves remembering to whom we told information. Low accuracy of this memory is linked to higher self-focus and lower attentional resources allocated to the recipient of the information. The present paper aimed to investigate whether the existence of distinctive features (e.g., tattoos) of destination face would improve destination memory, in a within- (Experiment 1 and 2) and between-participants (Experiment 3) design. In a destination memory task, participants had to tell proverbs to faces that presented a distinctive feature and to other faces that did not. Results showed that a destination memory advantage only occurs when faces with different distinctive features are compared to faces without distinctive features (Experiment 1). These results are in accordance with the existing theoretical framework on destination memory and distinctiveness; highlighting the importance of personal attributes, namely, the distinctiveness of the destination face and the relativity of distinctiveness in destination memory.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Reconhecimento Facial , Relações Interpessoais , Memória/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tatuagem , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 20(5): 515-518, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Port-wine stain (PWS) is a congenital vascular malformation affecting 0.3–0.5% of normal population. These characteristic lesions arise due to the interplay of vascular, neural, and genetic factors. Treatment options include lasers, cosmetic tattooing, electrotherapy, cryosurgery, derma-abrasion, and skin grafting; however, none of these treatment alternatives appears to be satisfactory and is unable to provide consistent, satisfactory responses or even complete cures. Currently, laser is the treatment of choice, as it is comparatively safe and more effective than other procedures. The most commonly used modality is pulsed dye laser (PDL). The literature research includes peer-reviewed articles (clinical trials or scientific reviews). Studies were identified by searching electronic databases (MEDLINE and PubMed) to January 2020 and reference lists of respective articles. Only articles published in English language were included. J Drugs Dermatol. 20(5): doi:10.36849/JDD.5005.


Assuntos
Técnicas Cosméticas/tendências , Dermatologia/métodos , Lasers de Corante/uso terapêutico , Mancha Vinho do Porto/terapia , Administração Cutânea , Inibidores da Angiogênese/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Técnicas Cosméticas/instrumentação , Cosméticos/administração & dosagem , Criocirurgia/métodos , Criocirurgia/tendências , Dermabrasão/métodos , Dermabrasão/tendências , Dermatologia/tendências , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica/tendências , Emolientes/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Satisfação do Paciente , Mancha Vinho do Porto/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/efeitos da radiação , Tatuagem/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg ; 16(7): 1101-1110, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33993409

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is a novel imaging technique that can spatially resolve both morphological and functional tissue properties, such as vessel topology and tissue oxygenation. While this capacity makes PAT a promising modality for the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of various diseases, a current drawback is the limited field of view provided by the conventionally applied 2D probes. METHODS: In this paper, we present a novel approach to 3D reconstruction of PAT data (Tattoo tomography) that does not require an external tracking system and can smoothly be integrated into clinical workflows. It is based on an optical pattern placed on the region of interest prior to image acquisition. This pattern is designed in a way that a single tomographic image of it enables the recovery of the probe pose relative to the coordinate system of the pattern, which serves as a global coordinate system for image compounding. RESULTS: To investigate the feasibility of Tattoo tomography, we assessed the quality of 3D image reconstruction with experimental phantom data and in vivo forearm data. The results obtained with our prototype indicate that the Tattoo method enables the accurate and precise 3D reconstruction of PAT data and may be better suited for this task than the baseline method using optical tracking. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to previous approaches to 3D ultrasound (US) or PAT reconstruction, the Tattoo approach neither requires complex external hardware nor training data acquired for a specific application. It could thus become a valuable tool for clinical freehand PAT.


Assuntos
Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Imagens de Fantasmas , Tatuagem/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Humanos
12.
Clin Imaging ; 79: 154-157, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951571

RESUMO

High-density foci within axillary lymph nodes are associated with a number of potential diagnoses. In this case series, we present four tattooed patients who had mammographic findings that demonstrated high-density material in axillary lymph nodes, indicative of tattoo pigment migration. The aim of presenting these cases is to highlight the importance of recognizing such pigment migration in order to help breast radiologists form an appropriate differential diagnosis that might include this entity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Calcinose , Tatuagem , Axila , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Tinta , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tatuagem/efeitos adversos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(18): e25755, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33950961

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Japan is one of the few countries that consider the application of permanent makeup a medical procedure, and only doctors and nurses are allowed to perform this procedure. Studies on the safety and esthetic outcomes of permanent makeup procedures are not available, although there are studies that report allergies and other complications associated with permanent makeup. Thus, we aimed to study the complications and esthetic outcomes of permanent makeup.We surveyed clients who underwent permanent eyebrow or eyeline makeup procedures at the Shibuya Mori Clinic between November 2016 and March 2020 using a paper-based questionnaire. The permanent makeup procedures involved inorganic pigments, such as iron oxide and titanium dioxide. The questionnaire consisted of 2 parts: the first part asked whether the clients had experienced persistent redness, itching, swelling, infection, or any other complications (multiple answers possible). The second part used a 5-point Likert scale to rate the clients' satisfaction with the color, shape, and overall appearance of their permanent makeup. We retrospectively studied the clients' responses to survey items.A total of 1352 clients participated in the survey. The median period between the procedure and survey response was 15 days. Overall, complications were reported in 12.1% of cases. The most common complication for each type of procedure was itching for eyebrow procedures (8.2%) and swelling for eyeline procedures (13.2%). Infections were reported in 3 cases (0.2%). None of the post-procedure symptoms persisted until the time of this study. The Likert scale measurements revealed that 89.6% of subjects were satisfied with the aesthetic outcome of their permanent makeup procedure(s).We believe that all symptoms observed in this study were due to needle insertion. No allergies were observed, and the infection rate was quite low (0.2%). Thus, our results suggest that permanent makeup procedures are safe and are associated with high client satisfaction. We must note that the appropriate environment, equipment, and techniques are important prerequisites.


Assuntos
Sobrancelhas , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Prurido/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Tatuagem/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Estética , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prurido/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Tatuagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Br J Surg ; 108(3): 302-307, 2021 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several techniques for targeted lymph node biopsy in patients with node-positive breast cancer receiving primary systemic therapy are in use, each with their inherent advantages and disadvantages. The aim of the TATTOO trial was to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of carbon tattooing of positive lymph nodes as a method for targeted lymph node biopsy avoiding radiation exposure, high costs, and preoperative localization procedures. METHODS: Patients with initially cT1-4c cN1-3 cM0 invasive breast cancer were included in this prospective multicentre trial. Before initiation of primary systemic therapy, a carbon suspension was injected into the most suspicious axillary lymph node. Targeted lymph node biopsy was performed in all patients after completion of primary systemic therapy. Additional sentinel lymph node biopsy was done in those with axillary downstaging, and completion axillary lymph node dissection in patients still presenting with suspicious lymph nodes. RESULTS: A total of 118 patients were included and 110 were eligible for data analysis. The detection rate for the targeted lymph node was 93.6 per cent (103 of 110), and the sentinel lymph node was identical to the targeted lymph node in 60 per cent. The false-negative rate for the combination of targeted and sentinel node lymph node biopsy (targeted axillary dissection) was 9 per cent. CONCLUSION: Targeted axillary dissection after carbon tattooing is associated with a high detection rate, an acceptable false-negative rate, and appears feasible for clinical use even in healthcare settings with limited resources.


Assuntos
Biópsia/métodos , Carbono , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Tatuagem , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Ultrassonografia
15.
Nat Protoc ; 16(5): 2395-2417, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846631

RESUMO

Numerous fields of science and technology, including healthcare, robotics and bioelectronics, have begun to switch their research direction from developing 'high-end, high-cost' tools towards 'high-end, low-cost' solutions. Graphene electronic tattoos (GETs), whose fabrication protocol is discussed in this work, are ideal building blocks of future wearable technology due to their outstanding electromechanical properties. The GETs are composed of high-quality, large-scale graphene that is transferred onto tattoo paper, resulting in an electronic device that is applied onto skin like a temporary tattoo. Here, we provide a comprehensive GET fabrication protocol, starting from graphene growth and ending with integration onto human skin. The methodology presented is unique since it utilizes high-quality electronic-grade graphene, while the processing is done by using low-cost and off-the-shelf methods, such as a mechanical cutter plotter. The GETs can be either used in combination with advanced scientific equipment to perform precision experiments, or with low-cost electrophysiology boards, to conduct similar operations from home. In this protocol, we showcase how GETs can be applied onto the human body and how they can be used to obtain a variety of biopotentials, including electroencephalogram (brain waves), electrocardiogram (heart activity), electromyogram (muscle activity), as well as monitoring of body temperature and hydration. With graphene available from commercial sources, the whole protocol consumes ~3 h of labor and does not require highly trained personnel. The protocol described in this work can be readily replicated in simple laboratories, including high school facilities.


Assuntos
Equipamentos e Provisões Elétricas , Grafite/química , Tatuagem/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Fenômenos Mecânicos
16.
PLoS One ; 16(3): e0245158, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657106

RESUMO

Do individuals modify their bodies in order to be unique? The present study sought to investigate need for uniqueness (NfU) subcomponents as possible motives for modifying one's body. To this end, the study obtained information from 312 participants about their NfU (using the German NfU-G global scale and three sub-scales) and their body modifications (tattoos, piercings, and extreme body modifications such as tongue splitting). By analyzing the three subcomponents of NfU, the study was able to investigate the differential relationship of the sub-scales with the outcome measures, which facilitated a fine-grained understanding of the NfU-body-modification relationship. The study found that tattooed, pierced, and extreme-body-modified individuals had higher NfU-G scores than individuals without body modifications. Moreover, it seemed that individuals with tattoos took a social component into consideration while lacking concern regarding others' reaction toward their tattoos, although not wanting to cause affront. Pierced and extreme-body-modified individuals, contrarily, tended to display a propensity to actively flout rules and not worry about others' opinions on their modifications. However, although statistically significant, the effect size (d) for the NfU-G differences in the tattooed and pierced participants' mean scores was small to medium in all three subcomponents. The extreme-body-modified group presented medium and medium to large effects. Further, the study observed that the number of body modifications increased with an increasing NfU in tattooed and pierced individuals. These findings demonstrated multifaceted interrelations between the NfU, its subcomponents, and the three kinds of body modifications investigated in the present study.


Assuntos
Piercing Corporal/psicologia , Tatuagem/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Individualidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Autoimagem , Percepção Social , Adulto Jovem
17.
An Bras Dermatol ; 96(3): 355-357, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781649

RESUMO

Tattooing one's body is currently a common practice worldwide; however, it is not risk-free. This is a case of a patient who tattooed himself motivated by his passion for motorcycles and then developed an exuberant lichenoid reaction to the red pigment used in the tattoo, with the appearance of verrucous lesions. Despite the lack of response to treatment, he states that he would tattoo his own skin again.


Assuntos
Erupções Liquenoides , Tatuagem , Corantes , Humanos , Erupções Liquenoides/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Motocicletas , Pele , Tatuagem/efeitos adversos
18.
Pediatr Dermatol ; 38(3): 699-700, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33656196

RESUMO

Children who suffer from scarring alopecia, especially in areas such as the eyebrows which are an important part in facial mimicry, are at risk of social stigmatization. Inexpensive, painless and non-permanent options are available for online purchase, which can be useful in such infants and children. Dermatologists should be aware of the availability of these product and could offer advice in this regard.


Assuntos
Sobrancelhas , Tatuagem , Alopecia/etiologia , Criança , Face , Humanos
19.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 34: 102217, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592332

RESUMO

We present a 44-year-old man with multiple flat papules over a tattoo, diagnosed with acquired verruciform epidermodysplasia (EV). The lesions completely disappeared after 3 sessions of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with topical methyl aminolevulinate. PDT could be considered a treatment of choice in human papillomavirus lesions located over tattoos since it resolves the lesions while preserving the integrity of the design.


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Tatuagem , Verrugas , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Papillomaviridae , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Verrugas/tratamento farmacológico
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