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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17146, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567954

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) will progress to end stage without treatment, the decline off renal function may not linear. A sensitive marker such as soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptors (suPARs) may allow potential intervention and treatment in earlier stages of CKD. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to measure plasma (suPAR) in patients with CKD with different stages and to find its correlation with the disease severity. METHODS: This study was conducted on 114 subjects, 84 were patients with different stages and different causes of CKD, and 30 healthy subjects as controls. Blood urea, serum creatinine, serum high-sensitive C-reactive protein, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and 24 hours proteinuria were measured, renal biopsy was done for all patients, and plasma (suPAR) was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: suPAR plasma levels were significantly higher in patients with CKD (7.9 ±â€Š3.82 ng/mL) than controls (1.76 ±â€Š0.77 ng/mL, P < .001). suPAR correlated with the disease severity. In stage 1 to 2 group, it was 3.7 ±â€Š1.5 ng/mL, in stage 3 to 4, it was 10.10 ±â€Š1.22 ng/mL, and in stage 5 group, it was 12.34 ±â€Š0.88 ng/mL; the difference between the 3 groups was highly significant (P < .001). A cutoff point 2.5 ng/mL of suPAR was found between controls and stage 1 group. According to the cause of CKD, although patients with obstructive cause and those with focal glomerulosclerosis had the higher levels 9.11 ±â€Š3.32 ng/mL and 8.73 ±â€Š3.19 ng/mL, respectively, but there was no significant difference between patients with CKD according to the cause of the CKD. CONCLUSION: Plasma (suPAR) increased in patients with CKD and correlated with disease severity.


Assuntos
Receptores de Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Creatinina/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ureia/sangue , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e16982, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574797

RESUMO

To investigate factors predicting the onset of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for patients with non-ST-segment elevation infarction (NSTEMI) and single concomitant chronic total occlusion (CTO). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) both play essential role in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular homoeostasis. However, current knowledge of its predictive prognostic value is limited.422 patients with NSTEMI and CTO (59.7 ±â€Š12.4 years, 74.2% men) who underwent successful pPCI were enrolled and followed for 2 years. Multivariate cox regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were performed to determine the factors predicting MACCEs.140 patients (33.2%) experienced MACCEs in the follow-up period. Multivariate cox regression analysis found when we process the model with NGAL at admission, low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, HR = 0.963, 95% CI 0.940 to 0.987, P = .003) and fasting blood glucose (HR = 1.078, 95% CI 1.002 to 1.159, P = .044), but not NGAL at admission, were independent predictors of 2 years MACCEs. While HbA1C (HR = 1.119, 95% CI 1.014 to 1.234, P = .025), LVEF (HR = 0.963, 95% CI 0.939 to 0.987, P = .003), estimated glomerular filtration rate (HR = 1.020, 95% CI 1.006 to 1.035, P = .006) and NGAL value 7 day (HR = 1.020, 95% CI 1.006 to 1.035, P = .006) showed their predictive value in another model. ROC analysis indicated NGAL 7 day (AUC = 0.680, P = .0054 and AUC = 0.622, P = .0005) and LVEF (AUC = 0.691, P = .0298 and AUC = 0.605, P = .0021) could predict both in-hospital and 2 years MACCEs, while higher NGAL at admission could only predict poorer in-hospital prognosis (AUC = 0.665, P = .0103). Further analysis showed the prognostic value of NGAL was particularly remarkable among those HbA1C<6.5%.Patients with NSTEMI and single concomitant CTO receiving pPCI with higher NGAL on 7 days during hospitalization are more likely to suffer 2 years MACCEs, particularly in those with lower HbA1C.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/sangue , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/metabolismo , Oclusão Coronária/complicações , Oclusão Coronária/fisiopatologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Volume Sistólico
3.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(9): 669-673, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530351

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze diagnosis rate of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in hospitalized pediatric patients in a single center and understand pediatricians' awareness of CKD. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Children who were admitted to the Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Peking University First Hospital from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2017 and met the diagnostic criteria of CKD (kidney disease: improving global outcomes 2012 guideline) were recruited. A total of 4 472 cases were enrolled. Original CKD diagnosis was collected from the home page of medical records. Actual CKD diagnosis was validated and corrected by reviewing medical records and recalculating glomerular filtration rate. The diagnosis rate and influencing factors of pediatric CKD, the distribution and etiology of actual CKD were analyzed. The comparison between groups were performed with χ(2) test. Results: In 4 472 cases, there were 3 470 cases in actual CKD stage 1, among which only 24 cases were in original CKD stage 1. There were 543 cases in actual CKD stage 2-3, among which only 181 cases were in original CKD stage 2-3. Three hundred and one cases were in actual CKD stage 4-5, including 290 cases in original CKD stage 4-5. In addition, there were 43 cases with unknown CKD stage and 115 cases with acute kidney injury. Compared to original CKD diagnosis, the diagnosis rates of CKD stage 1-5 were 0.7% (24/3 470), 16.7% (58/348), 63.1% (123/195), 90.7% (78/86) and 98.6% (212/215), respectively. The proportions of actual CKD stage 1-5 were 80.4% (3 470/4 314), 8.1% (348/4 314), 4.5% (195/4 314), 2.0% (86/4 314) and 5.0% (215/4 314). The etiology of actual CKD included primary glomerular disease (62.2%, 2 686/4 314), secondary glomerular disease (19.7%, 849/4 314), hereditary kidney disease (9.1%, 391/4 314), congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) (3.1%, 135/4 314), tubulointerstitial disease (2.2%, 94/4 314) and etiology uncertain (2.1%, 89/4 314). The leading cause of end stage renal disease was etiology uncertain (31.1%, 67/215), followed by hereditary kidney disease (24.2%, 52/215), CAKUT (16.3%, 35/215) and primary glomerular disease (16.3%, 35/215). Conclusions: Among actual CKD hospitalized pediatric patients, the diagnosis rate of CKD given by physicians at discharge was relatively low, especially patients in earlier CKD stages, which reflected serious lack of physicians' awareness of CKD.


Assuntos
Rim/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Falência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
6.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(9): 18-22, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561682

RESUMO

Introduction: The safe and effective treatment of HIV-associated renal diseases with cART can decrease the progression to ESRD and also improve the morbidity and mortality secondary to renal failure. Material and Methods: HIV positive patients with clinical kidney disease were the subjects of this study. The diagnosis of HIV was established using immunochromatographic assays. The patients were subjected to meticulous history, physical examination, laboratory investigations and kidney biopsy. Patients were treated with combined antiretroviral therapy and enalapril. They were followed at 3 months interval for one year. Short term outcome was assessed using changes in serum creatinine and proteinuria. Long term outcome assessments were done using progression to end stage renal disease and patients survival. Result: Ten (Male=7; Female=3) HIV patients with clinical renal disease were included in this study. Their age ranged between 26-55 (Mean=40.5±8.8) years. The mean serum creatinine at the baseline, three, six, nine and twelve months was 2.46, 2.09, 2.43, 2.46 and 2.58 mg/dl respectively. The mean e-GFR by MDRD equation at 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months was 40.9, 45.5, 48.2, 51.1 and 52.5 ml/ min/1.73m2 respectively. The mean twenty four hour urinary protein excretion at 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months was 3.01, 2.82, 2.22, 2.02 and 1.79 grams respectively. Six patients showed improvement in creatinine and e-GFR, whereas worsening of renal function was seen in four patients. Proteinuria decreased in seven patients, whereas it remained unchanged in three patients. There was no mortality at the end of one year of follow up. Conclusion: Treatment with combined ART and ACEIs slows the progression of HIV-associated kidney disease, decreases proteinuria and improves the GFR.


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Nefropatias/terapia , Adulto , Creatinina , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , HIV , Humanos , Rim , Falência Renal Crônica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteinúria
7.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(9): 915-918, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among the children with hearing disorder in Hunan province, China. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the multi-stage cluster sampling method was used to select 1 500 children as subjects. Questionnaire surveys, physical examinations, and laboratory examinations were performed on the spot. RESULTS: Among the 1 500 children, 1 459 with complete data were included in analysis. Among the 1 459 children, 43 had CKD, with a prevalence rate of 2.95%. The <7 years group had a significantly higher prevalence rate than the 7-14 years group [5.8% (35/604) vs 0.9% (8/855); P<0.05]. Among the 43 children with CKD, 31 (72%) had proteinuria, 27 (63%) had hematuria, and 11 (26%) had a decreased glomerular filtration rate. Among the 43 children with CKD, stage 1, 2, 3a, 3b, 4, and 5 CKD accounted for 30% (13 cases), 44% (19 cases), 12% (5 cases), 7% (3 cases), 7% (3 cases), and 0% (0 case) respectively. The prevalence rate of CKD increased with the severity of hearing disorder (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence rate of CKD is higher among the children with hearing disorder in Hunan province. Most children have early-stage CKD. CKD is commonly seen in preschool children. Severity of hearing disorder is associated with the prevalence of CKD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Criança , China , Estudos Transversais , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Transtornos da Audição/complicações , Humanos , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e17007, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464957

RESUMO

Poor outcomes of hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are well described. Transarterial therapy is the standard treatment for HCC, following which regular contrast-enhanced imaging for residual disease is recommended. CKD is considered a relative contraindication for transarterial therapy owing to renal failure.This retrospective study investigated the outcomes of transarterial therapy in HCC patients with CKD. In total, 132 HCC patients who received transarterial therapy were enrolled, of whom 36 had CKD. Most CKD patients were elderly, with mean age of diagnosis of 69.7 ±â€Š11.4 years. Hypertension (odds ratio [OR]; 5.06; 95% confidence interval [Cl]; 1.83-13.94), hepatitis C virus carrier rate (OR; 4.12, 95% CI; 1.13-14.99) and diabetes (OR; 3.62, 95% CI; 1.22-10.72) were significant predictors for CKD in HCC patients. Post therapy, the estimated glomerular filtration rate significantly decreased 13.7% from baseline in the CKD patients (P = .03). There were more post-therapy complications than in the non-CKD group, e.g. acute renal failure and sepsis (P < .01 vs P < .01). Overall survival in the CKD group was significantly poor (10.9 ±â€Š8.5 vs 23.5 ±â€Š16.3 months, P < .01).The lower survival of CKD patients was unrelated to treatment modality or less contrast-enhanced imaging follow-up. Further research on patient care and factors leading to poor outcomes for CKD is needed.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
11.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 29(3): 030704, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379462

RESUMO

Introduction: The aim of the study is to assess the degree of adherence of medical laboratories to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) 2012 Clinical Practice Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in laboratory practice in Czechia and Slovakia. Materials and methods: An electronic questionnaire on adherence to KDIGO 2012 guideline was designed by an external quality assessment (EQA) provider SEKK spol. s.r.o. The questionnaire was placed and distributed through website to all medical biochemistry laboratories in Czechia and Slovakia (N = 396). Results: A total of 212 out of 396 laboratories responded to the questions, though some laboratories only answered some questions, those applicable to their practice. A total of 48 out of 212 laboratories adopted the KDIGO 2012 guideline in full extent. The metrological traceability of creatinine measurement to standard reference material of SRM 967 was declared by 180 out of 210 laboratories (two of the responding laboratories did not measure creatinine). Thirty laboratories are not well educated on traceability of creatinine measurement and seven laboratories do not calculate estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Both urinary albumin concentration and albumin to creatinine ratio are reported by 144 out of 175 laboratories (37 of the responding laboratories did not measure urinary albumin). Conclusion: Majority of laboratories in Czechia and Slovakia adopted some parts of the KDIGO 2012 guideline in their practice, but only 23% of the laboratories apply them completely. Thus, further education and action should be conducted to improve its implementation.


Assuntos
Laboratórios Hospitalares/normas , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Creatinina/urina , República Tcheca , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Eslováquia , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 76(3): 135-141, 2019 08 29.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465179

RESUMO

Introduction: The relationship of the metabolic syndrome (MS) and its components with the reduced glomerular filtration rate and proteinuria is not yet widely elucidated. The aim of the study was to associate the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and proteinuria to MS and its individual components in adults with cardiometabolic risk factors, who attended a public health center in the municipality of San Diego, Carabobo State, Venezuela. Methods: Descriptive and cross-sectional study (n=176 individuals). Weight, height, waist circumference, body fat percentage and blood pressure were measured; serum glucose, creatinine, urea, ureic nitrogen, total cholesterol, low (LDLc) and high (HDLc) density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides and glycosylated hemoglobin A1C in whole blood were determined; the presence of proteinuria was determined in partial urine. The eGFR was estimated by equations and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Results: The frequency of MS was significantly higher among patients with CKD (eGFR < 60 mL/min/m2), mildly reduced eGFR (60-89 mL/min/m2), hyperfiltration or proteinuria. The risks of mildly reduced eGFR and protenuria were significantly associated with elevated fasting blood glucose, low HDLc and MS, with and without adjustment for sex, age and BMI. When adjusted for the diabetic condition, only the risk of proteinuria remained associated with MS and elevated blood pressure. The risk of hyperfiltration was not associated with MS. Conclusion: The reduction in estimated glomerular function and proteinuria were associated with MS and its individual components. Other studies that confirm the results are required.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Venezuela , Circunferência da Cintura
13.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(8): 572-576, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365978

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the rate achieving the target vancomycin trough level (VTL) and its influencing factors in critically ill patients. Methods: The retrospective observational study recruited adult patients treated with intravenous vancomycin in the intensive care unit (ICU) at Zhongda Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017. Serum VTL was tested at steady state. Patients' demographics, the sites of infection, microbial culture results, the severity of illness, laboratory data and vancomycin regimen were obtained at the baseline. The rate achieving target VTL (15-20 mg/L) was analyzed based on renal function. Linear regression was performed to determine the influencing factors of VTL. Results: A total of 85 patients were enrolled, among whom only 23.5% (20/85) achieved the target VTL. In patients with normal renal function, the achieving rate was only 11.4% (4/35), and 80.0% (28/35) was lower than the target trough level multiple linear regression analysis showed that procalcitonin (PCT), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and acute physiology and chronic health disease classification system Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score were independent factors associated with VTL. Conclusion: Achieving target VTL in critically ill patients is not satisfactory. Further study to optimize the administration is needed to facilitate prompt attainment of target VTL.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Vancomicina/farmacocinética , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibacterianos/sangue , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Vancomicina/administração & dosagem , Vancomicina/sangue
14.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(8): 628-633, 2019 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434434

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of renal cortical blood perfusion assessed by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in elderly patients with renal artery stenosis (RAS) and its relationship with renal function. Methods: Ninety-three elderly patients diagnosed with RAS, who were admitted in Beijing Hospital during June 2017 and December 2018, were retrospectively enrolled. According to the degree of RAS, 186 renal arteries were divided into normal renal artery group (n=79), mild RAS group (30% to 49%, n=59), moderate RAS group (50% to 70%, n=33), and severe RAS group (70% to 99%, n=15). Renal cortical blood perfusion and renal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured by CEUS and radionuclide renal dynamic imaging. According to the renal GFR, 186 kidneys were divided into normal renal function group (GFR≥35 ml/min, n=42) and mild renal insufficiency group (35 ml/min>GFR≥25 ml/min, n=51), moderate renal insufficiency group (25 ml/min>GFR≥15 ml/min, n=75) and severe renal insufficiency group (GFR<15 ml/min, n=18). The renal cortical blood perfusion time-intensity curve (TIC) and related parameters were analyzed, including the area under the curve (AUC), the slope of the ascending branch (A), the peak intensity (PI), the peak time (TTP) and the mean transit time (MTT), the kidneys of different RAS groups and patients with different renal function groups were analyzed. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between renal cortical blood perfusion parameters and renal GFR. Results: (1) Renal cortical blood perfusion and GFR: CEUS showed that parameter A of TIC was significantly reduced, while TTP was prolonged in the mild renal artery stenosis group compared with the normal renal artery group (both P<0.05), GFP was similar between the two groups. Cortical perfusion parameters, such as AUC, A, PI and GFR were significantly lower, while TTP and MTT were significantly prolonged in the moderate and severe renal artery stenosis group than in the normal and mild stenosis groups (all P<0.05). Compared with the moderate stenosis group, AUC, A, PI and GFR were significantly lower while TTP, MTT were significantly prolonged in the severe renal artery stenosis group (all P<0.05). (2) TIC showed that the renal perfusion parameters, AUC, PI and A were significantly lower, while TTP was significantly longer in the mild renal dysfunction group than in the normal renal function group (all P<0.001). The changes aggravated in proportion with renal dysfunction. (3) Correlation between perfusion parameters and GFR: Pearson correlation analysis showed that the AUC (r=0.774, P<0.05), A (r=0.815, P<0.05) and PI (r=0.772, P<0.05) were positively correlated with GFR; serum creatinine level (r=-0.841, P<0.05), renal function grading (r=-0.731, P<0.05), TTP (r=-0.803, P<0.05) and MTT (r=-0.741, P<0.05) were negative correlated with GFR. The degree of stenosis was negatively correlated with GFR (r=-0.427, P<0.05). Conclusion: Cortical perfusion parameters differ significantly among patients with various degree of RAS and renal dysfunction. The renal cortical blood perfusion parameters are correlated with renal GFR.


Assuntos
Obstrução da Artéria Renal , Idoso , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Rim , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16713, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441844

RESUMO

To evaluate the nutritional status of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) before dialysis via a series of indexes, and investigate the prognostic impact of nutritional status in these patients assessed by the Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI).Fifty-four children with CKD before dialysis were enrolled in this study. The nutritional status was evaluated by different indexes, including dietary intake, anthropometry data and biochemical parameters. Additionally, PNI is calculated as 10 × serum albumin (g/dL) + 0.005 × lymphocyte count (/mm). Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of patients with different PNI scores was followed up.Thirty-four patients (63.0%) experienced unreasonable dietary intake, and the patients with CKD stage 4 were characterized by lower energy intake. The height was the most affected anthropometry parameter. Additionally, 46 patients (85.2%) suffered from anemia. The serum albumin of 42 patients (77.8%) was <35 g/L, while 34 cases (63.0%) had increased cholesterol and triglyceride. According to the PNI scores, the patients were divided into 3 groups: high-PNI (PNI ≥ 38), middle-PNI (35 ≤ PNI < 38), and low-PNI (PNI < 35). Of the 54 patients, the PNI was <35 in 29 (53.7%) and ≥38 in 13 (24.1%). The patients with CKD stage 4 were belonged to the low-PNI group. At follow-up, GFR decreased significantly in patients with low-PNI scores compared with the high-PNI group (P < .05).Malnutrition, as a common complication of CKD, has a prognostic impact in children with CKD before dialysis, as assessed by the PNI score.


Assuntos
Avaliação Nutricional , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Criança , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Albumina Sérica/análise
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16186, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261555

RESUMO

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Taiwan is 11.9%, and the incidence and prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is ranked first in the world. The severity of CKD progression to ESRD is dependent on glomerular filtration rate and proteinuria. However, the risk factors for ESRD also include diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, age, sex, and so on, and predicting CKD progression using few variables is insufficient. Currently, there are no models with high accuracy and high explanatory power that could predict the risk of progression to dialysis in CKD patients in Taiwan. Our aim was to establish an optimal prediction model for CKD progression in patientsThis study was a retrospective cohort study, which reviewed data from the "Public health insurance Pre-ESRD preventive program and patient health education program" that was implemented by the National Health Insurance Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare. From 2006 to 2013, data of CKD patients from the Tri-Service General Hospital in Neihu District, Taipei City was examined. The data collected in this study included demographic variables, past medical history, and blood biochemical values. After exclusion of variables with >30% missing data, the remaining variables were interpolated using multiple imputations and inputted into the prediction model for analysis. The Cox proportion hazard model was used to investigate the influence of CKD risk factors on progression to dialysis. The strengths of various models were evaluated using likelihood ratios (LR), in order to identify a model which uses the least factors but has the strongest explanatory power.The study results included 1549 CKD patients, of whom 1017 eventually had dialysis. This study found that in the prediction model with the best explanatory power, the influencing factors and hazard ratios (HR) were: age 0.95 (0.91-0.99), creatinine 1.03 (1.02-1.05), urea nitrogen 1.18 (1.14-1.23), and comorbid systemic diabetes 1.65 (1.45-1.88).A prediction model was developed in this study, which could be used to carry out predictions based on blood biochemical values from patients, in order to accurately predict the risk of CKD progression to dialysis.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Comorbidade , Creatinina/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Transplante de Rim , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos , Modelos Estatísticos , Prognóstico , Diálise Renal , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan
17.
Acta Gastroenterol Belg ; 82(2): 273-277, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The aim of this study was to enlighten the controversy about the renal safety of entecavir, tenofovir, and telbivudine treatments in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients by comparing these treatments in real-world conditions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 104 treatment-naive patients with CHB monoinfection into our study. Patients were treated with entecavir monotherapy (n=38), tenofovir monotherapy (n=35), or telbivudine monotherapy (n=31). We then compared and statistically analyzed the effects of these drugs on the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) over a 24-month follow-up period. RESULTS: In the entecavir group, time-dependent change in eGFR was not statistically significant (p = 0.357). There was a statistically significant increase in eGFR in the telbivudine group at 12 months (p<0.001) and at 24 months (p<0.001) and, in contrast, a statistically significant decrease in the tenofovir group at 12 months (p<0.001) and at 24 months (p<0.001). There was no significant relationship between entecavir and eGFR change (p = 0.763). We found that tenofovir and telbivudine were independent predictors of eGFR change (decrease in eGFR, p<0.001 and increase in eGFR, p = 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We recommend close follow-up of renal functions, especially for patients treated with tenofovir. Telbivudine was superior to the other drugs in terms of renal function. We conclude that an individualized therapy program considering treatment efficacy and side effects is the best option for patients.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/efeitos dos fármacos , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Telbivudina/administração & dosagem , Tenofovir/administração & dosagem , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Feminino , Guanina/administração & dosagem , Guanina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Rim/fisiopatologia , Nefropatias/patologia , Testes de Função Renal , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Telbivudina/efeitos adversos , Tenofovir/efeitos adversos , Timidina/administração & dosagem , Timidina/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Kardiologiia ; 59(6S): 17-23, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients after liver transplantation cardiovascular complications is the third main reason of death afer allograf failure and infections. The most important factors in the development of cardiovascular diseases are dyslipidemia and impaired renal function. The aim of the study was to investigate the lipid spectrum and renal function in liver recipients in real clinical practice and the correspondence of their correction to current clinical recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of dyslipidemia and chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of lipid spectrum and renal function in patients who underwent OLT in Research Institute - Regional Clinical Hospital №1, Krasnodar was performed. The level of creatinine, GFR and lipid spectrum was studied before and 36 months after liver transplantation. The GFR was calculated using the formula CKD­EPI (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration). Statistical analysis of the study results was made using the program Statistica 10. RESULTS: Liver recipients have a significantly higher total cholesterol by 31.0% (p<0.01) in comparison with the baseline before surgery. Total cholesterol was increased in 13.7% (p<0.01), triglycerides in 12.3% (p<0.01) before transplantation. Tree years after transplantation, the increasion in cholesterol was registered in 42.6% (p<0.01) and triglycerides in 37.9% (p <0.01), respectively. 3 years after transplantation reduction of GFR was observed in comparison with the baseline by 22.6% (p=0.00006). Verification of chronic kidney disease and statin administration in patients were carried out in some cases. The levels of total cholesterol and triglycerides had a reliable inverse correlation with GFR (r = ­0.42; p<0.01 and r = ­0.36; p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In the long­term postoperative period there was an impaired lipid metabolism and decreased level of GFR. Dyslipidemia was closely related to the progression of renal dysfunction in liver recipients, an inverse correlation was established between the glomerular filtration rate and the increasion in cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is necessary to increase the attention of physicians with regard to timely correction of lipid metabolism disorders and detection of initial manifestations of renal dysfunction.


Assuntos
Transplante de Fígado , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Rim , Lipídeos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16464, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305479

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is the primary etiological factor associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Kidneys have a highly arterial vascular structure and are therefore commonly affected by atherosclerosis, including those affecting the coronary arteries. Renal shear wave elastography (SWE) is an ultrasonographic method, which provides reliable information regarding the condition of the renal parenchyma.We investigated the relationship between SWE findings and the severity of coronary atherosclerosis.We calculated the following: the renal cortical stiffness (rCS) evaluated via SWE, the renal resistive index, the renal pulsatility index, the acceleration time, and the mean Syntax score (SS). Patients with a mean SS <12 were categorized into a low-risk (LR) and those with a mean SS ≥12 were categorized into the high-risk (HR) group.Our study included 132 patients-76 in the LR and 56 in the HR group. Creatinine, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and rCS were significantly higher, but the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was significantly lower in the HR group. The Hs-CRP (odds ratio [OR] 1.220), GFR (OR 0.967), and rCS (OR 1.316) were observed to be independent predictors for the HR group. The cutoff value of rCS using receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was 4.43 for the prediction of HR patients and showed 60.7% sensitivity and 57.9% specificity (area under the curve 0.642).SWE which shows renal parenchymal injury and atherosclerosis in renal vessels may give an idea about the severity of coronary atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Córtex Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Angiografia Coronária , Creatinina/sangue , Elasticidade , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Córtex Renal/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tecido Parenquimatoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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