Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.001
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17592, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626132

RESUMO

Data on outcomes of patients receiving mechanical ventilation (MV) in China are scarce.To investigate factors associated with the prognosis of patients given MV in the intensive care unit (ICU).A 12-year (January 1, 2006-December 31, 2017) retrospective cohort study.ICU of Beijing Geriatric Hospital, China.A total of 905 patients aged ≥16 years given MV during the study period.None.Among 905 patients included (610 men; median age, 78 years; Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation [APACHE]-II score, 27.3 ±â€Š8.9), 585 survived (388 men; median age, 77 years; average APACHE-II score, 25.6 ±â€Š8.4), and 320 died in the ICU (222 men; median age, 78 years; APACHE-II score, 30.6 ±â€Š8.9). All-cause ICU mortality was 35.4%. In patients aged <65 years, factors associated with ICU mortality were APACHE-II score (odds ratio [OR], 1.108; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.021-1.202; P = .014), nosocomial infection (OR, 6.618; 95% CI, 1.065-41.113; P = .043), acute kidney injury (OR, 17.302; 95% CI, 2.728-109.735; P = .002), invasive hemodynamic monitoring (OR, 10.051; 95% CI, 1.362-74.191; P = .024), MV for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (OR, 0.122; 95% CI, 0.016-0.924; P = .042), duration of MV (OR, 0.993; 95% CI, 0.988-0.998; P = .008), successful weaning from MV (OR, 0.012; 95% CI, 0.002-0.066; P < .001), and renal replacement therapy (OR, 0.039; 95% CI, 0.005-0.324; P = .003). In patients aged ≥65 years, factors associated with mortality were APACHE-II score (OR, 1.062; 95% CI, 1.030-1.096; P < .001), nosocomial infection (OR, 2.427; 95% CI, 1.359-4.334; P = .003), septic shock (OR, 2.017; 95% CI, 1.153-3.529; P = .014), blood transfusion (OR, 1.939; 95% CI, 1.174-3.202; P = .010), duration of MV (OR, 0.999; 95% CI, 0.999-1.000; P = .043), and successful weaning from MV (OR, 0.027; 95% CI, 0.015-0.047; P < .001).APACHE-II score, successful weaning, and nosocomial infection in the ICU are independently associated with the prognosis of patients given MV in the ICU.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/terapia , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Infecção Hospitalar/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17627, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626145

RESUMO

Adjuvant radiation therapy (ART) is recommended without consideration of radical prostatectomy Gleason score (RP GS) for cases with adverse features. We compared the outcomes of pathologically localized high-grade (GS 8-10) prostate cancer (PC) with those of pT3 GS 7 PC.A total of 1585 men who underwent RP between 1995 and 2015 comprised the cohort, which was divided into group 1 (RP GS 7(3 + 4) and pT3; n = 760), group 2 (RP GS 7(4 + 3) and pT3; n = 565), and group 3 (RP GS 8-10 and pT2; n = 260). Biochemical recurrence (BCR), all-cause mortality (ACM), and PC-specific mortality (PCSM) risk were compared among groups using Cox regression and competing risk analysis.At a median follow-up of 58 months (interquartile range: 37-85), 721 men experienced BCR and 84 died (22 due to PC). BCR-free survival rates were lower in group 3 than in group 1 (P < .001); nevertheless, no difference was observed between groups 2 and 3 (P = .638). Furthermore, no difference in ACM was noted among groups. PCSM rates were higher in group 3 than in groups 1 and 2 (P = .001 and P = .005, respectively). This association persisted in multivariate models after adjustment for clinicopathological variables.Patients with RP GS 8-10 and pT2 PC had higher BCR and PCSM rates than those with RP GS 7 and pT3 PC. Localized high-grade PC should be considered in decision-making for ART.


Assuntos
Gradação de Tumores/métodos , Próstata/patologia , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Idoso , Causas de Morte/tendências , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Próstata/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17637, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626150

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of tumor burden on the survival of patients with pathologic T3N0M0 (pT3N0M0) esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).A total of 84 patients with pathologic T3N0M0 ESCC treated with radical esophagectomy and 3-field lymphadenectomy (3-FL) from January 2008 to December 2009 in our center were analyzed. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to calculate the optimal cutoff value. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to assess the overall survival (OS) differences between groups. A regression model was applied to identify prognostic factors for OS. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to adjust for the imbalance and indication biases in the 2 groups.The median follow-up time was 62 months (range, 1-84 months), and the 5-year OS rate was 62% (95% confidence interval, 52.2-71.8%). According to the ROC curve analysis, the optimal cutoff values for the maximal esophageal wall thickness, tumor length, and tumor volume were 1.3 cm, 5.9 cm, and 18.6 cc, respectively. Univariate analysis revealed that maximal esophageal wall thickness >1.3 cm (P = .014), tumor volume >18.6 cc (P < .001), and vascular invasion (P < .001) were significantly associated with OS. The multivariate Cox regression model identified tumor volume and vascular invasion as factors affecting OS. After propensity matching, patients with a tumor volume ≤18.6 cc had a better OS than those with a tumor volume >18.6 cc (5-year OS, 85% vs 50%, P = .008).Tumor volume may serve as a good prognostic factor for patients with pT3N0M0 ESCC treated with radical esophagectomy and 3-FL. Larger-scale studies are warranted to validate these findings.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/diagnóstico , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Pontuação de Propensão , Carga Tumoral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Esofagectomia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17713, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626153

RESUMO

Few data are available regarding factors that impact cricothyrotomy use and outcome in general hospital setting. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence and outcomes of the patients underwent cricothyrotomy in a "cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate" (CICO) situation at university hospitals in Korea.This was a retrospective review of the electronic medical records of consecutive patients who underwent cricothyrotomy during a CICO situation between March, 2007, and October, 2018, at 2 university hospitals in Korea. Data regarding patient characteristics and outcomes were analyzed using descriptive statistics.During the study period, a total of 10,187 tracheal intubations were attempted and 23 patients received cricothyrotomy. Hospitalwide incidence of cricothyrotomy was 2.3 per 1000 tracheal intubations (0.23%). The majority of cricothyrotomy procedures (22 cases, 95.7%) were performed in the emergency department (ED); 1 cricothyrotomy was attempted in the endoscopy room. In the ED, 5663 intubations were attempted and the incidence of cricothyrotomy was 3.9 per 1000 tracheal intubations (0.39%). Survival rate at hospital discharge was 47.8% (11 of 23 cases). Except for cardiac arrest at admission, survival rate was 62.5% (10 of 16 cases). Successful cricothyrotomy was performed in 17 patients (73.9%) and 9 patients (52.9%) were survived. Among 6 patients of failed cricothyrotomy (26.1%), 2 patients (33.3%) were survived. After failure of cricothyrotomy, various methods of securing airway were established: 3 tracheal intubations, 1 nasotracheal intubation, and 1 tracheostomy.The success rate of cricothyrotomy and survival rate in the CICO situation were not high. After failure of cricothyrotomy, various methods of securing airway were performed.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/cirurgia , Cartilagem Cricoide/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Cartilagem Tireóidea/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/mortalidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Adulto Jovem
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17570, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626124

RESUMO

Perineural invasion (PNI) is a prognostic factor in patients with colorectal cancer. Neurotrophic factors, molecular determinants of PNI, are altered in their expression levels in patients with ulcerative colitis. In this study, we evaluated the frequency of PNI in colitis-associated cancer (CAC) and sporadic cancer.We retrospectively reviewed 778 colorectal cancers with pathological T3-T4 in 761 patients all of whom were surgically resected without preoperative treatment. The lesions were classified into either CAC or sporadic cancer based on the clinical information. Clinicopathological findings including PNI were compared between CACs and sporadic cancers. Moreover, we analyzed the risk factors for positive PNI by multivariate analysis using a logistic regression model.Ten of the cancers (1.3%) were diagnosed as CACs, and the remaining 768 as sporadic cancers. CACs were characterized by being nonobstructive and predominantly located in the rectum. The CACs had a larger size and more frequent undifferentiated histology than sporadic cancers. PNI was observed more frequently in CACs (90%) than in sporadic cancers without obstruction (45%, P = .007). On multivariate analysis, CAC was one of the significant factors associated with PNI (odds ratio: 9.05, P = .040).Our results suggest that CAC was more likely to exhibit PNI than sporadic colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/patologia , Reto/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Colite Ulcerativa/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
6.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(10): 1377-1383, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Poland is considered among the European countries with an average incidence of cervical cancer (CC; about 3,000-3,500/year) and at the same time with high mortality (5-year survival rate - 55.2%). For this reason, in 2006 Poland introduced a Population-Based Cervical Cancer Prevention and Early Detection Program addressed to women aged 25-59 years, in which a cytological test is carried out every 3 years. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the changes in the curability of CC patients brought by the introduction of the Screening Program in the Lower Silesian voivodeship and to identify the subpopulation of women for whom activities aimed at increasing adherence rates must be intensified. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The 5-year relative survival in 3,586 CC patients from 2000-2010 registered in the Lower Silesian Cancer Registry was analyzed. RESULTS: In the Lower Silesian voivodeship, a 55.1% 5-year survival rate was recorded in 2000-2004 and 70.5% in 2010. The highest increase in 5-year relative survival rates was found in rural communities (from 53.1% in 2000-2004 to 77.7% in 2010) and in Wroclaw (56.8% and 74.2%, respectively). In the study group, the number of patients with invasive CC (C53) detected in the local stage of the disease increased systematically from 61.5% in 2000-2004 to 74.3% in 2010. CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of the population-based screening program improved the curability rate in CC patients in the Lower Silesian voivodeship. In order to maintain the recent positive trends, further education should be continued, and activities aimed at increasing adherence to screening tests should be intensified, especially in urban-rural communities.


Assuntos
Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/organização & administração , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Cooperação do Paciente/psicologia , Polônia/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
8.
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) ; 8(4): 298-303, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lacking in previous studies on uveal metastasis is a robust statistical comparison of patient demographics, tumor features, and overall survival based on patient sex. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate demographics, clinical features, and overall survival of patients with uveal metastasis based on sex. METHOD: This is a retrospective analysis. All patients were evaluated on the Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, PA between January 1, 1974 and June 1, 2017. RESULTS: A total of 2214 uveal metastases were diagnosed in 1310 eyes of 1111 consecutive patients. A comparison (female versus male) revealed differences across several demographic and clinical features including, among others, mean age at metastasis diagnosis (58 vs 63 years, P < 0.001), bilateral disease (21% vs 11%, P < 0.001), and mean number of metastases per eye (1.8 vs 1.6 tumors per eye, P = 0.04). There were differences in overall mean survival (20 vs 13 months, P = 0.03) and 5-year survival (Kaplan-Meier estimate) (31% vs 21%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There are demographic, clinical, and survival differences when patients with uveal metastases are compared by sex. Understanding these differences can aid the clinician in better anticipating patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Úvea/patologia , Neoplasias Uveais/secundário , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Acústica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Uveais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Uveais/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
9.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(4): 446-453, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Very little is known about clinical and biomarker predictors of readmissions following pediatric congenital heart surgery. The cardiac biomarker N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) can help predict readmission in adult populations, but the estimated utility in predicting risk of readmission or mortality after pediatric congenital heart surgery has not previously been studied. Our objective was to evaluate the association between pre- and postoperative serum biomarker levels and 30-day readmission or mortality for pediatric patients undergoing congenital heart surgery. METHODS: We measured pre- and postoperative NT-proBNP levels in two prospective cohorts of 522 pediatric patients <18 years of age who underwent at least one congenital heart operation from 2010 to 2014. Blood samples were collected before and after surgery. We evaluated the association between pre- and postoperative NT-proBNP with readmission or mortality within 30 days of discharge, using multivariate logistic regression, adjusting for covariates based on the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) Congenital Heart Surgery Mortality Risk Model. RESULTS: The Johns Hopkins Children's Center cohort and the Translational Research Investigating Biomarker Endpoints in Acute Kidney Injury (TRIBE-AKI) cohort demonstrate event rates of 12.9% and 9.4%, respectively, for the composite end point. After adjustment for covariates in the STS congenital risk model, we did not find an association between elevated levels of NT-proBNP and increased risk of readmission or mortality following congenital heart surgery for either cohort. CONCLUSIONS: In our two cohorts, preoperative and postoperative values of NT-proBNP were not significantly associated with readmission or mortality following pediatric congenital heart surgery. These findings will inform future studies evaluating multimarker risk assessment models in the pediatric population.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Readmissão do Paciente/tendências , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adolescente , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/mortalidade , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Maryland/epidemiologia , Alta do Paciente/tendências , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Precursores de Proteínas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
10.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 919-923, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257330

RESUMO

Tenascin-C (TNC) is involved in aortic disease pathophysiology. This study aims to evaluate TNC's value for predicting in-hospital death in acute aortic dissection (AD).We prospectively enrolled consecutive patients with suspected acute AD within 48 hours from symptom onset. Serum TNC and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were examined on admission. Their baseline clinical characteristics and serum D-Dimer (DD) were collected. The endpoint was in-hospital death from AD.In the study cohort,78 survivors and 31 non-survivors with acute AD were enrolled. Compared to survivors, elevated median levels of serum TNC (141.10 pg/mL versus 75.30 pg/mL, P < 0.001), DD (8.74 µg/mL versus 4.58 µg/mL, P < 0.001), and CRP (19.20 mg/L versus 13.40 mg/L, P < 0.001) were found in non-survivors. Multiple logistic regressions revealed TNC, DD, and CRP were independent predictors of in-hospital death from acute AD. The OR and 95% CI were 1.038, 1.017-1.055; 1.084, 1.009-1.165 and 1.386, 1.107-1.643, respectively. Furthermore, TNC's sensitivity and specificity in predicting in-hospital death in acute AD were 83.87% and 83.33%. The combination of TNC and DD can improve the sensitivity and specificity to 90.30% and 88.46%.TNC is a valuable biomarker for predicting in-hospital death from acute AD. The combination of TNC and DD can improve predictions of in-hospital death from acute AD.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Tenascina/sangue , Doença Aguda , Aneurisma Dissecante/sangue , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
11.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 876-885, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257340

RESUMO

The clinical scenario, which is based on systolic blood pressure (SBP) upon admission, is useful for classifying and determining initial treatment for acute heart failure (HF). However, the prognostic significance of SBP following the initial treatment is unclear.The Japanese Heart Failure Syndrome with Preserved Ejection Fraction (JASPER) registry is a nationwide, observational, and prospective registration of consecutive Japanese patients hospitalized with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%. We divided 525 patients into three groups based on their SBP on the day following hospitalization: high (SBP > 140 mmHg, n = 72, 13.7%); normal (100 ≤ SBP ≤ 140 mmHg, n = 379, 72.2%); and low (SBP < 100 mmHg, n = 74, 14.1%) groups. This analysis had two primary endpoints: (1) all-cause death and (2) all-cause death or rehospitalization for HF. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis, both of the endpoints were the highest in the low group (Log-Rank < 0.05, respectively). Compared to the normal and high groups, the low group demonstrated a higher prevalence of atrial fibrillation (67.1%, 63.9%, and 47.8%, P = 0.026) and the lowest left ventricular outflow tract velocity time integral determined by echocardiography (16.4 cm, 19.4 cm, and 23.3 cm, P = 0.001). In the multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis, low SBP on the day following hospitalization was an independent predictor of all-cause death (hazard ratio 1.868, 95% confidence interval 1.024-3.407, P = 0.042) and the composite endpoint (hazard ratio 1.660, 95% confidence interval 1.103-2.500, P = 0.015).Classification based on SBP on the day following initial treatment predicts post-discharge prognosis in hospitalized patients with HFpEF.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Alta do Paciente , Sistema de Registros , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Sístole
12.
Surg Clin North Am ; 99(4): 599-610, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255194

RESUMO

Although the incidence of thyroid cancer is increasing, survival remains unchanged. Due to concern for overtreatment, surgical management of thyroid cancer has evolved. Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma measuring 1 cm or smaller are considered very low risk and can be managed with either thyroid lobectomy or active surveillance. Total thyroidectomy is no longer recommended for these cancers unless there is evidence of metastasis, local invasion, or aggressive disease. Recommendations for low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer measuring 1 cm to 4 cm remain controversial. This article explores the controversies over the extent of surgery for patients with very low-risk and low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Saúde Global , Humanos , Incidência , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
13.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 938-943, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308320

RESUMO

The literature on malignant cardiac tumors is relatively limited because they are rare, especially among the Chinese population. We analyzed 14 patients diagnosed with malignant cardiac tumors in Fuwai Hospital and present the results of surgical treatments on the tumors. The mean age at tumor diagnosis was 47 years in a male-dominated cohort. There was a high frequency of pericardial effusion and coronary artery involvement in our group. We compared the survival times of patients who received different treatments and found that surgery improved prognosis of tumors, especially for patients who underwent orthotopic heart transplantation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cardíacas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
14.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 886-898, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308321

RESUMO

Current studies demonstrating the effects of nicorandil in the prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients who received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are inconclusive due to the small sample size and small events rate.PubMed, OVID, CBM and CNKI databases were searched using a pre-specified search string to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) studying the effects of nicorandil on CAD patients receiving PCI. Data on all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events were collected. RevMan 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. Subgroup analysis was conducted in patients receiving primary PCI (PPCI) and elective PCI (EPCI).A total of 18 RCTs were included in our final analysis. Nicorandil treatment significantly reduced total mortality in PPCI (Peto OR = 0.44, 95%CI 0.25-0.79, P = 0.006) and EPCI (Peto OR = 0.41, 95%CI 0.25-0.67, P = 0.0004), cardiovascular death in both PPCI (Peto OR = 0.41, 95%CI 0.20-0.84, P = 0.01) and EPCI (Peto OR = 0.40, 95%CI 0.20-0.80, P = 0.009), and heart failure in PPCI (RR = 0.36, 95%CI 0.22-0.59, P < 0.0001). When compared with placebo plus standard treatment or standard treatment alone, nicorandil plus standard treatment was associated with reduced total mortality in both PPCI and EPCI, CV death in EPCI, and heart failure in PPCI. Nicorandil is associated with lower risks of total mortality and CV death in PPCI and EPCI in those who received nicorandil > 28 days.Nicorandil as an adjunct therapy along with PCI is associated with reduced total mortality and cardiovascular death in PPCI and EPCI patients, and reduced heart failure in PPCI patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Nicorandil/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Causas de Morte/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Saúde Global , Humanos , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Vasodilatadores/uso terapêutico
15.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 910-918, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308328

RESUMO

Previous studies have provided established evidence on adverse outcomes of the coadministration of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and clopidogrel, whereas cerebro-cardiovascular outcomes of PPI use in the absence of clopidogrel therapy remain controversial.In this study, we aimed to assess the association between PPIs and cerebro-cardiovascular outcomes independent of clopidogrel.Systematic searches were conducted in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases for all relevant studies up to August 2018. Odds ratios (ORs) with its 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were abstracted and pooled using the random-effects model.A total of 14 observational studies (13 cohort studies and 1 case-control study) were identified. Compared with non-PPI users, PPI users experienced higher risks of stroke (OR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.08-1.36), myocardial infarction (MI; OR: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.14-1.32), cardiovascular death (OR: 1.83, 95% CI: 1.69-1.98), and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs; OR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.05-1.40) independent of clopidogrel use, but not all-cause death (OR: 1.50, 95% CI: 0.99-2.25). In the subgroup analysis, PPI alone was associated with significant risks of new-onset MI (OR: 1.23, 95% CI: 1.13-1.35) and stroke (OR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.05-1.30) in patients without previous MI or stoke and recurrent MI (OR: 1.24, 95% CI: 1.02-1.51) and stroke (OR: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.19-1.55) risks in patients with a previous MI.Based on current publications, PPI use seems to be associated with increased risks of stroke, MI, cardiovascular death, and MACEs independent of clopidogrel. Greater caution should be therefore exercised while considering its clinical benefits and further investigate any causal relationships.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Clopidogrel/farmacologia , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/farmacologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte/tendências , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/mortalidade , Saúde Global , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
16.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(4): 475-484, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Management of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) presents many challenges. We describe our institutional outcomes for management of patients with HLHS over the past 12 years and highlight our strategy for those with highly restrictive/intact interatrial septum (R/I-IAS). METHODS: Eighty-eight neonates with HLHS underwent surgical treatment, divided equally into Era-I (n = 44, April 2006 to February 2013) and Era-II (n = 44, March 2013 to June 2018). Up to 2013, all patients with R/I-IAS were delivered at an adjacent adult hospital and then moved to our hospital for intensive care and management. From 2014, these patients were delivered at a co-located theatre in our hospital with immediate atrial septectomy. The hybrid approach was occasionally used with preference for the Norwood procedure for suitable candidates. RESULTS: One-year survival after Norwood procedure was 62.5% and 80% for Era-I and Era-II (P = not significant (ns)), respectively, and 41% of patients were categorized as high risk using conventional criteria. Survival at 1 year differed significantly between high-risk and standard-risk patients (P = 0.01). For high-risk patients, survival increased from 42% to 65% between eras (P = ns). In the R/I-IAS subgroup (n = 15), 11 underwent Norwood procedure after emergency atrial septectomy. Of these, seven born at the adjacent adult hospital had 40% survival to stage II versus 60% for the four born at the colocated theatre. Delivery in a colocated theatre reduced the birth-to-cardiopulmonary bypass median time from 445 (150-660) to 62 (52-71) minutes. CONCLUSION: Reported surgical outcomes are comparable to multicenter reports and international databases. Proactive management for risk factors such as R/I-IAS may contribute to improved overall outcomes.


Assuntos
Septo Interatrial/cirurgia , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Procedimentos de Norwood/métodos , Septo Interatrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/mortalidade , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , New South Wales/epidemiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(4): 416-423, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31307314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Investigations of ventricular dominance and outcomes after the Fontan procedure have shown conflicting results. This may be due to the inclusion of multiple modifications of the Fontan or the omission of recently identified complications of the procedure. We examined the association between right ventricular dominance (RVD) and morbidity/mortality in a contemporary cohort following the extracardiac (EC) Fontan. METHODS: We studied all pediatric patients at our center who underwent a predominantly fenestrated EC Fontan from 2004 to 2016. Outcomes assessed were freedom from (1) Fontan failure (death, takedown, listing for transplantation) and (2) complication (arrhythmia requiring medication, postoperative pacemaker, or implantable cardioverter defibrillator requirement, stroke, thrombosis in the Fontan circuit, protein losing enteropathy, plastic bronchitis, New York Heart Association class >2). We defined the perioperative period as occurring before hospital discharge or within 30 days of the Fontan. RESULTS: A total of 137 patients (median age: 34 months, 62% male, 60% RVD) underwent the EC Fontan. Median duration of follow-up was 5.8 years (interquartile range: 2.4-9.0). Freedom from any event was 82.5% (RVD = 77%, LVD = 91%, χ2(1) = 5.03, P = .025) and RVD was associated with reduced event-free survival (hazard ratio: 2.94, P = .02). No confounders were identified. In the perioperative period, RVD was associated with reduced complication-free survival (P = .004). After this period, RVD was associated with reduced failure-free survival (P = .003). CONCLUSIONS: In this contemporary, single-center cohort of EC Fontan patients, RVD was associated with inferior outcomes.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Ventrículos do Coração/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Função Ventricular Direita/fisiologia , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Morbidade/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16237, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277140

RESUMO

Aberrant expression of SRY-box 8 (SOX8) is closely correlated with the development and progression of many types of cancers in human. Limited studies report the relationship between SOX8 expression and overall survival in colorectal cancer (CRC). This study aimed to collect the pathological tissues and clinical data in order to analyze the relationship between SOX8 expression and clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of CRC patients. Tissue microarrays were constructed from 424 primary CRC patients with clinicopathological information and follow-up data. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed on tissue microarrays to explore the relationship between SOX8 expression and clinicopathological information and patient's prognosis. The expression of SOX8 was higher in CRC tissues than that in non-tumor adjacent tissues (NATs, P <.001). High expression of SOX8 was associated with tumor stage (P = .04) and shorter overall survival (OS) after operation of patients (P = .004). Subsequently, univariate COX analysis identified that high expression of SOX8 (P = .004), differentiation (P = .006), distant metastasis (P <.001), tumor stage (P = .003), and higher rate of lymph node metastasis (P <.001), all significantly predicted decrease in OS. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that distant metastasis (P <.001), high SOX8 expression, (P = .013) and lymph node metastasis (P <.001) were independent poor prognostic factors in CRC patients. This study showed that SOX8 is over-expressed in patients with high T stage, which affects the outcome of prognosis in CRC patients. High expression of SOX8 usually has a poor independent prognostic factor for CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fatores de Transcrição SOXE/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Transcrição SOXE/biossíntese , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Análise Serial de Tecidos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16261, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nowadays most of the intensive care units (ICUs) operate as a closed format in comparison to an open format. The new concept of a closed ICU is where patients are admitted under the full responsibility of a trained intensivist, whereas an open ICU is where patients are admitted under the care of another attending physician and intensivists are just available for consultation. In this analysis, we aimed to systematically compare mortality rate and other clinical features observed in open vs closed ICU formats. METHODS: Biomedical and pharmacological bibliographic database Excerpta Medica database (EMBASE), Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE), the Cochrane Central and www.ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for required English publications. Mortality, the frequency of patients requiring mechanical ventilation, central line, arterial line and pulmonary arterial catheter were assessed respectively. Statistical analysis was carried out by the RevMan software. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to represent the data following analysis. RESULTS: Five studies with a total number of 6160 participants enrolled between years 1992 to 2007 were included. Results of this analysis showed that mortality rate was significantly higher in the open format ICU (OR: 1.31, 95% CI: 1.17-1.48; P = .00001) (using a fixed effect model) and (OR: 1.31, 95% CI: 1.09-1.59; P = .005) (using a random effect model). Closed format ICUs were associated with significantly higher number of patients that required central line (OR: 0.56, 95% CI: 0.34-0.92; P = .02). Patients requiring mechanical ventilation (OR: 1.08, 95% CI: 0.65-1.78; P = .77), patients requiring arterial line (OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.49-2.29; P = .89) and patients requiring pulmonary arterial catheter (OR: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.40-1.87; P = .71) were similar in the open vs the closed setting. CONCLUSION: This analysis showed that mortality rate was significantly higher in an open as compared to a closed format ICU. However, the frequency of patients requiring mechanical ventilation, arterial line and pulmonary arterial catheter was similarly observed. Larger trials are expected to further confirm those hypotheses.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/mortalidade , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Inovação Organizacional , Saúde Global , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
20.
BMJ ; 365: l2110, 2019 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189526

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of changes in red meat consumption with total and cause specific mortality in women and men. DESIGN: Two prospective cohort studies with repeated measures of diet and lifestyle factors. SETTING: Nurses' Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, United States. PARTICIPANTS: 53 553 women and 27 916 men without cardiovascular disease or cancer at baseline. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Death confirmed by state vital statistics records, the national death index, or reported by families and the postal system. RESULTS: 14 019 deaths occurred during 1.2 million person years of follow-up. Increases in red meat consumption over eight years were associated with a higher mortality risk in the subsequent eight years among women and men (both P for trend<0.05, P for heterogeneity=0.97). An increase in total red meat consumption of at least half a serving per day was associated with a 10% higher mortality risk (pooled hazard ratio 1.10, 95% confidence interval 1.04 to 1.17). For processed and unprocessed red meat consumption, an increase of at least half a serving per day was associated with a 13% higher mortality risk (1.13, 1.04 to 1.23) and a 9% higher mortality risk (1.09, 1.02 to 1.17), respectively. A decrease in consumption of processed or unprocessed red meat of at least half a serving per day was not associated with mortality risk. The association between increased red meat consumption and mortality risk was consistent across subgroups defined by age, physical activity, dietary quality, smoking status, or alcohol consumption. CONCLUSION: Increases in red meat consumption, especially processed meat, were associated with higher overall mortality rates.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte/tendências , Comportamento Alimentar , Carne Vermelha/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA