Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 6.893
Filtrar
1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(4): 396-407, July-Aug. 2019. graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012340

RESUMO

The use of technology has increased tremendously, by means of more reliable, smaller, more accessible and specially more user-friendly devices, which provide a wider range of features, and promote significant benefits for the population and health professionals. It is in this context that monitors and apps for heart rate (HR) measurement have emerged. HR is a clinical vital sign of diagnostic and prognostic importance. In response to body movement, HR tends to increase, in a direct relationship with the intensity of exercise. HR was primarily measured by the count of arterial pulse, and recently, HR can be precisely measured by monitors, bracelets and smartphone apps capable to perform real-time measurements and storage of data. This paper aimed to make a brief and updated review on the theme, providing a broader view of advantages and limitations of these resources for HR measurement in exercise. HR monitors and apps use basically two types of technology, optical sensor (photoplethysmography) and electrical signal from the heart. In general, these devices have shown good accuracy in measuring HR and HR variability at rest, but there are differences between brands and models considering the type, mode and intensity of exercise. HR measurements by monitors and smartphone apps are simple, accessible and may help cardiologists in the monitoring of the intensity of aerobic exercise, focusing on health promotion and on primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Palpação/métodos , Exercício , Monitores de Aptidão Física , Frequência Cardíaca , Arritmias Cardíacas , Prognóstico , Esportes , Débito Cardíaco , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Tecnologia Biomédica , Teste de Esforço/métodos
2.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 263: 35-48, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411151

RESUMO

Information value chain theory provides a straightforward approach to information system evaluation and design. It first separates the different benefits and costs that might be associated with the use of a given information technology at different stages along a value chain stretching from user interaction to real world outcome. Next, using classical decision theoretic measures such as probabilities and utilities, the resulting value chain can be used to create a profile for a particular technology or technology bundle. Value chain analysis helps focus on the reasons for system implementation success or failure. It also assists in making comparative assessments amongst different solutions, to understand which might be best suited for different clinical contexts.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Tomada de Decisões , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Probabilidade , Tecnologia
3.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3165, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to identify evidence concerning the contribution of health technologies used to prevent and control hemorrhaging in the third stage of labor. METHOD: systematic review with database searches. First, two researchers independently selected the papers and, at a second point in time, held a reconciliation meeting. The Kappa coefficient was used to assess agreement, while the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation was adopted to assess risk of bias and classify level of evidence. RESULTS: in this review, 42 papers were included, 34 of which addressed product technologies, most referred to pharmacological products, while two papers addressed the use of blood transparent plastic bags collector and the contribution of birth spacing and prenatal care. The eight papers addressing process technologies included the active management of the third stage of labor, controlled cord traction, uterine massage, and educational interventions. CONCLUSION: product and process technologies presented high and moderate evidence confirmed in 61.90% of the papers. The levels of evidence confirm the contribution of technologies to prevent and control hemorrhaging. Clinical nurses should provide scientific-based care and develop protocols addressing nursing care actions.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Terceira Fase do Trabalho de Parto , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Viés , Feminino , Humanos , Misoprostol/uso terapêutico , Ocitócicos/uso terapêutico , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
4.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 266: 127-135, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397313

RESUMO

Health Smart Homes aim to assist the health and well-being of elderly people through digital technologies, by helping them to continue their daily living activities with safety and independence. This paper presents a landscape review to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of Health Smart Home technologies for advancing autonomy and quality of life from the perspectives of elderly users. The review was derived from an initial search of peer reviewed journals from three different data sources: PubMed (3808 papers), Google Scholar (7987 papers), and Scopus (595 papers). Of these, fourteen articles eventually met the inclusion criteria for the review and were subjected to further data extraction and quality assessment. The aim of this paper is to identify the perceptions of users by reviewing Health Smart Homes functions, services, benefits and implementation. Health Smart Homes could provide more opportunities to deliver IT-based health services by proactively monitoring and customizing the user environment, to the userâAZs needs and preferences.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Qualidade de Vida , Atividades Cotidianas , Humanos
5.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46653

RESUMO

Este livro contém 24 capítulos distribuídos em sete seções. Eles descrevem a institucionalização das áreas de Avaliação de Tecnologias de Saúde (ATS) e em Políticas Informadas por Evidências (PIE) no mundo e no Brasil; os desenhos de estudos para construção das evidências; os tipos de revisão que podem ajudar a tomada de decisão em saúde; as ferramentas necessárias para identificar e avaliar a qualidade dos estudos e das evidências; os mecanismos para implementação e monitoramento em avaliação de tecnologias de saúde; os aspectos relacionados ao direito e à ética em saúde; e as perspectivas para o futuro, como descreve uma das organizadoras da publicação.


Assuntos
Avaliação em Saúde , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Tecnologia Biomédica
6.
Soins ; 64(837): 38-40, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345308

RESUMO

There are a wide range of technological solutions now available to meet the needs of people with a motor disability. It is important to use resource centres which offer the benefit of a technological watch and are able to recommend specific solutions. They will thereby meet users' needs as closely as possible.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Pessoas com Deficiência , Transtornos Motores , Humanos
8.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (5): 120-127, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169829

RESUMO

During 2012-2018 in the Russian Federation, pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 599 of 05.07.2012, a set of state support measures was implemented aimed at increasing the specific gravity of Russian publications indexed in international databases. The national project 'Science' (NPS) designed to realize the goals set by Presidential Decree No.204 of 05.07.2018 'On the National Goals and Strategic Tasks for Development of the Russian Federation until 2024' continues and develops the theme of increasing the publication activity of the Russian Federation in the internationalized space. One of the six NPS targets is 'The place of the Russian Federation in terms of specific gravity in the total number of articles in areas defined by the priorities of scientific and technological development in publications indexed in international databases'. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the basic value of this indicator for biomedical disciplines related to the priority direction (paragraph 20c) of the Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation. We compared volumes of publication flows of the Russian Federation in 20 biomedical disciplines with a similar indicator of countries ranked fifth in the number of publications on the subject area under consideration, indexed in the Web of Science Core Collection (WoS CC). A 5-10 fold lag of the Russian Federation was recorded for the most part of the priority areas in the field of biomedicine identified by the NTS passport. The impact of public policy measures aimed at increasing the national biomedical publication stream for the period of 2012-2018 was estimated as insufficient to meet the considered NTS target.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Tecnologia Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Política Pública , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Tecnologia Biomédica/normas , Internacionalidade , Política Pública/legislação & jurisprudência , Política Pública/tendências , Editoração/normas , Federação Russa
9.
Chem Soc Rev ; 48(15): 4281-4316, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215906

RESUMO

Carbon-based quantum particles, especially spherical carbon quantum dots (CQDs) and nanosheets like graphene quantum dots (GQDs), are an emerging class of quantum dots with unique properties owing to their quantum confinement effect. Many reviews appeared recently in the literature highlighting their optical properties, structures, and applications. These papers cover a broad spectrum of carbon-based nanoparticles, excluding a more detailed discussion about some important aspects related to the definition of carbon-based particles and the correlation of optical and electrochemical aspects in relation to sensing and biomedical applications. A large part of this review is devoted to these aspects. It aims, in particular, to act as a bridge between optical and electrochemical aspects of carbon-based quantum particles, both of which are associated with the electronic nature of carbon-based quantum particles. A special focus will be on their use in electroanalysis, notably their benefits in redox, and in electrochemical analysis with emphasis on their application as sensors. Electroanalysis is an easy and cost-effective means of providing qualitative and quantitative information of a specific analyte in solution in a time scale of some minutes. The integration of carbon-based quantum particles into these detection schemes as well as their incorporation into composite nanomaterials have largely improved detection limits with possibilities for their integration in aspects ranging from point-of-care devices to personalized medicine. This review will focus on some of these aspects while also covering the nanomedical aspects of carbon-based quantum particles, ultimately correlated for such developments.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Carbono/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Pontos Quânticos/química , Animais , Humanos , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito
10.
Chem Soc Rev ; 48(15): 4317-4335, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31225558

RESUMO

Biocompatible ionic liquids (Bio-ILs) are an eco- and bio-friendly family of ionic liquids (ILs) useful in applications ranging from the electrochemical to the biomedical fields. The most promising strategies for their synthesis involve using molecules from bio-renewable sources as a basis for both the anionic and cationic counterparts of the Bio-ILs structure. Several studies have been conducted on Bio-IL properties, including their impact on the environment and health safety. Herein, we review progress and strategies towards the synthesis of Bio-ILs and address their ecotoxicological and biological impact. Furthermore, we discuss the impact of using these compounds in a diverse range of applications, with some insights toward their use in the development of improved technologies.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Tecnologia Biomédica , Líquidos Iônicos/farmacologia , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Humanos , Líquidos Iônicos/síntese química , Líquidos Iônicos/química
11.
J Spec Oper Med ; 19(2): 118-121, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201764

RESUMO

Technology has become a necessity in modern society, providing capabilities that have never been experienced before. The integration of such capabilities arms today's Special Operations medic with abilities that can make a vast difference to the survivability rate of an ill or injured patient. Taking advantage of new technological capabilities such as advanced monitoring and diagnostics and portable ultrasound also plays a key role; together with the evolution in modern communication.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Medicina Militar/organização & administração , Militares , Lesões Relacionadas à Guerra/terapia , Humanos , Análise de Sobrevida , Lesões Relacionadas à Guerra/mortalidade
12.
Wiad Lek ; 72(6): 1178-1182, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175724

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Technology developed specifically for patients progresses quickly and helps patients in hospital as well as at home. It helps the healthy population to stay healthy. Technology can broadly be divided into hardware and software. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Main Text: When used under the supervision of health professionals, technology is mostly beneficial - when harm, or no benefit is detected, the technology is withdrawn or corrected. Uncontrolled use of technology without verification and without monitoring of outcomes often leads to negative effects. Without regulation, technology continues to be used even when proven to be useless or even harmful.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Internet , Mídias Sociais , Tecnologia Biomédica/tendências , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Software
13.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 2349-2369, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040661

RESUMO

Background: In view of the growing importance of nanotechnologies, the detection/identification of nanoparticles type has been considered of utmost importance. Although the characterization of synthetic/organic nanoparticles is currently considered a priority (eg, drug delivery devices, nanotextiles, theranostic nanoparticles), there are many examples of "naturally" generated nanostructures - for example, extracellular vesicles (EVs), lipoproteins, and virus - that provide useful information about human physiology or clinical conditions. For example, the detection of tumor-related exosomes, a specific type of EVs, in circulating fluids has been contributing to the diagnosis of cancer in an early stage. However, scientists have struggled to find a simple, fast, and low-cost method to accurately detect/identify these nanoparticles, since the majority of them have diameters between 100 and 150 nm, thus being far below the diffraction limit. Methods: This study investigated if, by projecting the information provided from short-term portions of the back-scattered laser light signal collected by a polymeric lensed optical fiber tip dipped into a solution of synthetic nanoparticles into a lower features dimensional space, a discriminant function is able to correctly detect the presence of 100 nm synthetic nanoparticles in distilled water, in different concentration values. Results and discussion: This technique ensured an optimal performance (100% accuracy) in detecting nanoparticles for a concentration above or equal to 3.89 µg/mL (8.74E+10 particles/mL), and a performance of 90% for concentrations below this value and higher than 1.22E-03 µg/mL (2.74E+07 particles/mL), values that are compatible with human plasmatic levels of tumor-derived and other types of EVs, as well as lipoproteins currently used as potential biomarkers of cardiovascular diseases. Conclusion: The proposed technique is able to detect synthetic nanoparticles whose dimensions are similar to EVs and other "clinically" relevant nanostructures, and in concentrations equivalent to the majority of cell-derived, platelet-derived EVs and lipoproteins physiological levels. This study can, therefore, provide valuable insights towards the future development of a device for EVs and other biological nanoparticles detection with innovative characteristics.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Nanopartículas/química , Fibras Ópticas , Análise Discriminante , Exossomos/química , Vesículas Extracelulares , Análise de Fourier , Humanos , Polímeros/química , Soluções
14.
Talanta ; 200: 432-442, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036206

RESUMO

Gold (Au) nanoclusters with diameters less than 2 nm are attracting increasing attention due to their unique size-dependent physicochemical properties which include strong luminescence and excellent biocompatibility. Accordingly, Au nanoclusters are now becoming essential in biomedical research for bioimaging, biosensing, quantitative analysis of protein and ion detection. In this mini review, the luminescence mechanism and biosynthesis of Au nanoclusters is systematically explored, followed by a brief survey of Au nanoclusters applications across the biomedical sector. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of biological molecules such as proteins, peptides and low molecular weight organic compounds in the synthesis of small luminescent Au nanoclusters, either as templates or surface capping agents. Successful strategies for applying luminescent Au nanoclusters in bioimaging and biosensing are also summarized. Future areas for Au nanocluster utilization in biomedical research are briefly discussed.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Animais , Humanos , Imagem Óptica
15.
Expert Rev Med Devices ; 16(5): 405-412, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037978

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: As Additive Manufacturing (AM) in the health sector evolves to the point where products can be translated into the clinic, these manufactured goods need to be assessed by regulators in order for such products to be manufactured, sold, and used in accordance with the law. In this article, the authors argue that if AM products in the health sector are to be regulated in the near future, stakeholders involved in translational research need to understand the challenges faced by both regulators and industry. We portray different points of possible dissonance for AM medical products with existing regulatory frameworks. Hence, we advocate for stakeholders to proactively provide solutions for regulatory processes for products emerging from AM in the health sector. AREAS COVERED: The publication discusses the need for clear definitions and standards to enable translation of AM research into the health sector. Key literature around legal and regulatory challenges applicable to this topic was synthesized. EXPERT OPINION: We argue that stakeholders need to develop regulatory-rooted risk profiles of the respective AM medical products. The terminology must be defined clearly and used consistently. Standards need to be designed for the purpose of advancing regulatory processes.


Assuntos
Controle Social Formal , Pesquisa Médica Translacional , Tecnologia Biomédica , Humanos , Padrões de Referência , Fatores de Risco
16.
Chem Soc Rev ; 48(14): 3683-3704, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119258

RESUMO

Nanozymes are nanomaterial-based artificial enzymes. By effectively mimicking catalytic sites of natural enzymes or harboring multivalent elements for reactions, nanozyme systems have successfully served as direct surrogates of traditional enzymes for catalysis. With the rapid development and ever-deepening understanding of nanotechnology, nanozymes offer higher catalytic stability, ease of modification and lower manufacturing cost than protein enzymes. Additionally, nanozymes possess inherent nanomaterial properties, providing not only a simple substitute of enzymes but also a multimodal platform interfacing complex biologic environments. Recent extensive research has focused on designing various nanozyme systems that are responsive to one or multiple substrates by tailored means. Catalytic activities of nanozymes can be regulated by pH, H2O2 and glutathione concentrations and levels of oxygenation in different microenvironments. Moreover, nanozymes can be remotely-controlled via different stimuli, including a magnetic field, light, ultrasound, and heat. Collectively, these factors can be adjusted to maximize the diagnostic and therapeutic efficacies of different diseases in biomedical settings. Therefore, by integrating the catalytic property and inherent nanomaterial nature of nanozyme systems, we anticipate that stimuli-responsive nanozymes will open up new horizons for diagnosis, treatment, and theranostics.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Nanoestruturas/química , Animais , Humanos
17.
Nurse Educ Today ; 79: 98-104, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112847

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the perceptions of Turkish health professional students toward the effects of IoT technology. BACKGROUND: The twenty-first century has a potential for social, cultural, economic and even political changes due to technological developments. Students should be aware of new technological trends that will influence their profession in the future to be ready for them. DESIGN: A descriptive and cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: At two well-established universities (a public and a private university) in a metropolitan city in Turkey with a total of 473 students. METHODS: The study was carried out using an information form and a foresight questionnaire for IoT developed by the researchers. The data were analyzed using parametric tests with SPSS. RESULTS: Of the participants, 70.8% were female, 81.6% were studying at a public university, 61.3% were senior nursing students, and 38.7% were senior medical students. A majority of the students stated that the IoT technology will affect future medical and nursing practices. The nursing students obtained the highest mean score on the item "Basic physical measurements such as blood sugar, heart rate and ECGs will be easier using IoT technology" (7.36 ±â€¯2.27), and the lowest mean score (5.36 ±â€¯2.82) on the item "Robot physicians and nurses developed through IoT technology will provide patient healthcare in the future". The nursing and medical students' opinions regarding the future of IoT technology focused on the issues such as smart vital follow-up of patients, mobile health, patient data security, biomedical applications, wearable technologies, and nursing practices in chronic diseases and home care. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicated that IoT technology should be involved in nursing and medical education, and further studies should be conducted to integrate technological trends into healthcare and nursing practices. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE AND HEALTH POLICIES: The future of IoT technology will focus on subjects such as vital follow-up of patients, monitoring patients with wearable technologies, and nursing practices in chronic diseases and home care. Competency in IoT technology should be included as a requirement in healthcare faculties' professional development policies and programs.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente aos Computadores , Tecnologia Biomédica , Previsões , Percepção , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
18.
Maturitas ; 125: 17-19, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133211

RESUMO

Our objective was to bridge the gap between gerontechnology developers and hospitalized frail elderly people, in order to promote open gerontechnology innovation in hospitals. We designed a hospital-based living lab that provides reflexive "idea incubator workshops" that gather both the users and the developers of technology, supplemented with an "experimental hospital room" for the testing of devices by older inpatients. The ALLEGRO living lab was delivered in 2018 at the Geriatric Department of Angers University Hospital, France. The workshops and experimental hospital room should help frail older inpatients to participate in the co-design and co-development of new technologies to improve hospital care and promote successful aging.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Envelhecimento , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Idoso Fragilizado , Geriatria/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tecnologia Biomédica/instrumentação , Cuidadores , Difusão de Inovações , Arquitetura de Instituições de Saúde , França , Avaliação Geriátrica , Geriatria/instrumentação , Metas , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos , Hospitais , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Tecnologia
19.
J Manag Care Spec Pharm ; 25(5): 518-521, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31039069

RESUMO

In the United States, there is an increased interest to understand the value of health technologies. Cost-effectiveness analysis is arguably the most appropriate framework to quantify value and to inform reimbursement decision making regarding medical interventions; however, a thorough analysis is resource intensive and complex. In many countries, the cost-effectiveness of medical interventions is evaluated by expert agencies at the national level, but in the United States, reimbursement decision making occurs at the local level. This raises the question of how we can provide a means to transparent cost-effectiveness analysis that reflects the local context and patient population and is based on the latest evidence and scientific insights. In other words, how can we maximize the relevance and credibility of cost-effectiveness evaluations in the context of a decentralized decision-making environment? Published cost-effectiveness analyses typically fail on these dimensions. Access to transparent open-source models that can be adapted to reflect the local setting in a relatively straightforward manner is an essential step toward such a goal. However, no model for cost-effectiveness analysis is ever truly "right" or "complete," and it must evolve along with clinical evidence and improvements in scientific methodology to ensure that its credibility remains. We propose a transparent approach of iterative development and collaboration between content and methodology experts to produce up-to-date, open-source consensus-based cost-effectiveness models that account for parameter and structural uncertainty to help local decision makers understand the confidence with which they might make a decision. Our proposed approach provides a way to adapt formal assessments of value-long the province of centralized health care systems-into the decentralized U.S. health care landscape. DISCLOSURES: This research was funded through the Innovation and Value Initiative, a nonprofit multistakeholder research organization. The Innovation and Value Initiative contracted with Precision Medicine Group for research activities related to this article. Jansen and Incerti are salaried employees and shareholders of Precision Medicine Group. Curtis is a paid consultant for the Innovation and Value Initiative. Curtis also reports consulting fees and grants from Amgen, AbbVie, BMS, Corrona, Janssen, Lilly, Myriad, Pfizer, Roche/Genentech, Radius, and UCB, unrelated to this article.


Assuntos
Análise Custo-Benefício/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Política de Saúde/economia , Modelos Econômicos , Tecnologia Biomédica , Análise Custo-Benefício/normas , Assistência à Saúde/economia , Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Invenções/economia , Invenções/legislação & jurisprudência , Formulação de Políticas , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Mecanismo de Reembolso/economia , Mecanismo de Reembolso/legislação & jurisprudência , Estados Unidos
20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(9)2019 May 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075985

RESUMO

Over the past few decades, we have witnessed a dramatic rise in life expectancy owing to significant advances in medical science and technology, medicine as well as increased awareness about nutrition, education, and environmental and personal hygiene. Consequently, the elderly population in many countries are expected to rise rapidly in the coming years. A rapidly rising elderly demographics is expected to adversely affect the socioeconomic systems of many nations in terms of costs associated with their healthcare and wellbeing. In addition, diseases related to the cardiovascular system, eye, respiratory system, skin and mental health are widespread globally. However, most of these diseases can be avoided and/or properly managed through continuous monitoring. In order to enable continuous health monitoring as well as to serve growing healthcare needs; affordable, non-invasive and easy-to-use healthcare solutions are critical. The ever-increasing penetration of smartphones, coupled with embedded sensors and modern communication technologies, make it an attractive technology for enabling continuous and remote monitoring of an individual's health and wellbeing with negligible additional costs. In this paper, we present a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art research and developments in smartphone-sensor based healthcare technologies. A discussion on regulatory policies for medical devices and their implications in smartphone-based healthcare systems is presented. Finally, some future research perspectives and concerns regarding smartphone-based healthcare systems are described.


Assuntos
Smartphone , Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Monitorização Ambulatorial , Telemedicina/métodos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA