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1.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (50): 221-237, nov. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-FGT-4644

RESUMO

Los avances de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC) permiten acceder en tiempo real a una cantidad ingente de datos, a través de los cuales es posible conocer el comportamiento de hechos sociales. En este escenario, la actual pandemia por SARS-CoV-2 ha permitido, bajo cuestionables criterios de inmediatez y urgencia, circular información que genera realidad e impacta en la toma de decisiones; y, además, ha favorecido la apropiación del dato, exponiendo a las personas a violaciones de sus derechos fundamentales. Ambos asuntos son sensibles para América Latina y el Caribe, región que hoy se presenta no sólo como el epicentro de la pandemia sino también de las desigualdades. La contribución que desde la reflexión y deliberación bioética puede realizarse en esta materia, adquiere especial relevancia con vistas a generar un nuevo pacto para el tratamiento de los datos


Advances in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) provide real-time access to a vast amount of data, through which it is possible to know the behavior of social facts. In this scenario, the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has allowed, under questionable criteria of immediacy and urgency, to circulate information that generates reality and impacts on decision-making; and has also favored the appropriation of the data, exposing people to violations of their fundamental rights. Both issues are sensitive to Latin America and the Caribbean, a region that today is presented itself not only as the epicenter of the pandemic but also of inequalities. The contribution that bioethical reflection and deliberation can make in this matter, acquires special relevance with a view to generating a new covenant for the treatment of data


Els avenços de les Tecnologies de la Informació I la Comunicació (TIC) permeten accedir en temps real a una quantitat ingent de dades, a través dels quals és possible conèixer el comportament de fets socials. En aquest escenari, l'actual pandèmia per SARS-CoV-2 ha permès, sota qüestionables criteris d'immediatesa I urgència, circular informació que genera realitat I impacta en la presa de decisions; i, a més, ha afavorit l'apropiació de la dada, exposant a les persones a violacions dels seus drets fonamentals. Tots dos assumptes són sensibles per a Amèrica Llatina I el Carib, regió que avui es presenta no només com l'epicentre de la pandèmia sinó també de les desigualtats. La contribució que des de la reflexió I deliberació bioètica pot realitzarse en aquesta matèria, adquireix especial rellevància amb vistes a generar un nou pacte per al tractament de les dades


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Acesso à Internet , Tecnologia da Informação , América Latina/epidemiologia , Região do Caribe/epidemiologia
2.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2020-07-02. (OPS/EIH/IS/COVID-19/20-0007).
em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52440

RESUMO

Los modelos predictivos son útiles para estimar el número de casos y de muertes por la COVID-19; los recursos necesarios, como las camas de hospital y de UCI; y la demanda de suministros, como la de equipos de protección personal (EPP). Dado que los modelos predictivos para la COVID-19 deben basarse en situaciones y datos subyacentes que cambian rápidamente, los resultados que producen pueden cambiar repetidamente a medida que se actualizan y revisan los datos. No obstante, los modelos predictivos tienen interés y pueden aportar perspectivas que son cruciales para los responsables de las políticas. Es importante que conozcamos los puntos fuertes y las limitaciones de los modelos predictivos para usarlos de forma juiciosa como elementos de apoyo y herramientas de referencia para la planificación y la actuación en torno a la COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Tecnologia da Informação , Telemedicina , Informática em Saúde Pública , Redes Neurais de Computação
3.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2020-07-02. (PAHO/EIH/IS/COVID-19/20-0009).
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52439

RESUMO

In just a few months, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a disruptive impact on all sectors of society: on how we live, how we govern ourselves, how we mobilize, how we work, how we educate ourselves, and how nations manage and how we manage our health ourselves. In short, it has targeted many social structures that we believed to be fixed. As for the public health sector, many lessons have emerged to improve the response to future pandemics but also to improve the health system from the perspective of information systems for health and finally of digital health.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Pandemias , Tecnologia da Informação , Telemedicina
4.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 272: 147-150, 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32604622

RESUMO

Downtime of information systems is a universal challenge faced by health care institutions. Regardless of whether downtime is planned or unplanned, the unavailability of essential information requires alternative solutions. In this paper, we conduct a scoping review of how hospitals deal with downtime. A total of 13 papers were included in the final analysis, and we found that coping can be grouped into three strategies; 1) Increasing communication, 2) Analog fallback, and 3) Restricted redundant systems. As the majority of coping mechanisms are related to increasing communication and analog fall back, our findings point to the importance of customizing coping mechanisms for individual healthcare institutions.


Assuntos
Tecnologia da Informação , Adaptação Psicológica , Assistência à Saúde , Hospitais
5.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e161, 2020 07 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32713366

RESUMO

After the 2003 SARS epidemic, China started constructing a primary-level emergency response system and focused on strengthening and implementation of policies, resource allocation. After 17 years of restructuring, China's primary-level response capabilities towards public health emergencies have greatly improved. During the coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic, primary-level administrative and medical personnel, social organisations, volunteers, etc. have played a significant role in providing professional services utilising the primary-level emergency response system of 17 years. However, China's organisations did not learn their lesson from the SARS epidemic, and certain problems are exposed in the system. By analysing the experience and shortcomings of China's disease prevention and control system at the primary level, we can focus on the development of disease control systems for major epidemics in the future.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/normas , Epidemias/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Saúde Pública/normas , China , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/tendências , Política de Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Tecnologia da Informação/tendências , Populações Vulneráveis
6.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; jul. 2, 2020. 4 p.
Não convencional em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103461

RESUMO

A number of predictive models and forecasting exercises have been developed by various organizations, such as research groups, academic institutions, hospitals, and consulting companies, with the main aim to support health systems in with COVID-19 strategic decision making, planning, and health policy formulation that help in the fight against COVID19. Predictive models are helpful for estimating the number of COVID-19 cases and deaths; the resources required, e.g., such as hospital patient beds and ICU beds; and the demand for supplies, such as personal protective equipment (PPE). Because predictive models for COVID-19 must rely on a rapidly changing situation and underlying data, they produce results that may change repeatedly as data areas data is updated and revised. Nevertheless, the predictive models are meaningful and can offer crucial insights to policymakers. It is important that we understand the strengths and weaknesses of predictive models in order to use them judiciously as support and reference tools for COVID-19 planning and action.


Los modelos predictivos son útiles para estimar el número de casos y de muertes por la COVID-19; los recursos necesarios, como las camas de hospital y de UCI; y la demanda de suministros, como la de equipos de protección personal (EPP). Dado que los modelos predictivos para la COVID-19 deben basarse en situaciones y datos subyacentes que cambian rápidamente, los resultados que producen pueden cambiar repetidamente a medida que se actualizan y revisan los datos. No obstante, los modelos predictivos tienen interés y pueden aportar perspectivas que son cruciales para los responsables de las políticas. Es importante que conozcamos los puntos fuertes y las limitaciones de los modelos predictivos para usarlos de forma juiciosa como elementos de apoyo y herramientas de referencia para la planificación y la actuación en torno a la COVID-19.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Telemedicina , Informática em Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Tecnologia da Informação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus
7.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(6): e19938, 2020 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: South Korea took preemptive action against coronavirus disease (COVID-19) by implementing extensive testing, thorough epidemiological investigation, strict social distancing, and rapid treatment of patients according to disease severity. The Korean government entrusted large-scale hospitals with the operation of living and treatment support centers (LTSCs) for the management for clinically healthy COVID-19 patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to introduce our experience implementing information and communications technology (ICT)-based remote patient management systems at a COVID-19 LTSC. METHODS: We adopted new electronic health record templates, hospital information system (HIS) dashboards, cloud-based medical image sharing, a mobile app, and smart vital sign monitoring devices. RESULTS: Enhancements were made to the HIS to assist in the workflow and care of patients in the LTSC. A dashboard was created for the medical staff to view the vital signs and symptoms of all patients. Patients used a mobile app to consult with their physician or nurse, answer questionnaires, and input self-measured vital signs; the results were uploaded to the hospital information system in real time. Cloud-based image sharing enabled interoperability between medical institutions. Korea's strategy of aggressive mitigation has "flattened the curve" of the rate of infection. A multidisciplinary approach was integral to develop systems supporting patient care and management at the living and treatment support center as quickly as possible. CONCLUSIONS: Faced with a novel infectious disease, we describe the implementation and experience of applying an ICT-based patient management system in the LTSC affiliated with Seoul National University Hospital. ICT-based tools and applications are increasingly important in health care, and we hope that our experience will provide insight into future technology-based infectious disease responses.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Hospitais Universitários/organização & administração , Tecnologia da Informação , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Adulto , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Aplicativos Móveis , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Telemedicina
8.
J Med Syst ; 44(7): 132, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542571

RESUMO

The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused significant strain on medical centers resources. Thus, concerns about the reducing and management of COVID-19 are on the rise, as there is need to provide diagnosis, treatment, monitoring, and follow-ups during the pandemic. Therefore, the COVID-19 pandemic has radically and quickly altered how medical practitioners provide care to patients. Medical centers are now responding to COVID-19 through rapid adoption of digital tools and technologies such as telemedicine and virtual care which refer to the delivery of healthcare services digital or at a distance using Information and Communications Technology (ICT) for treatment of patients. Telemedicine is expected to deliver timely care while minimizing exposure to protect medical practitioners and patients. Accordingly, a rapid literature review was conducted, and 35 research studies published from 2019 to May 2020 were employed to provide theoretical and practical evidence on the significance of using telemedicine and virtual care for remote treatment of patients during the COVID-19 pandemic. This article provides practical guide based on how to use telemedicine and virtual care during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study provides implication on the potentials of consolidating virtual care solutions in the near future towards contributing to integrate digital technologies into healthcare.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Humanos , Tecnologia da Informação/estatística & dados numéricos , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Pandemias
10.
Washington; Organización Panamericana de la Salud; jun. 5, 2020. 6 p.
Não convencional em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103374

RESUMO

Com mais de 3 bilhões de pessoas no mundo em isolamento social ou quarentena, além de medidas como o fechamento de fronteiras e restrições aos transportes, as tecnologias da informação de uso frequente alta penetração, sobretudo os telefones celulares, se transformaram no principal meio usado pelas pessoas, governos e instituições de saúde para trabalhar, interagir, compartilhar informações, gerar e dividir conhecimento, e se comunicar.


Con más de 3000 millones de personas en el mundo en situación de aislamiento social o cuarentena, cierres de fronteras, limitaciones al transporte y otras medidas, las tecnologías de la información de uso frecuente con su alta penetración ­en particular el teléfono celular­ se han transformado en el principal medio por el cual personas, gobiernos e instituciones de salud trabajan, interactúan, comparten información, intercambian y generan conocimiento, y se comunican.


Over three billion people in the world are quarantined or in social isolation, and border closings and restrictions on transportation are in place, among other measures. As a result, widely used information technologies­cell phones in particular­have become the main way that people, governments, and health institutions work, interact, share information, exchange and generate knowledge, and communicate.


Assuntos
Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Isolamento Social , Quarentena/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Projetos de Tecnologias de Informação e Comunicação , Tecnologia da Informação/provisão & distribução , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus
11.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(3): 427-432, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515412

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyse the effect of information technologies on improving the frequency of the use of dental floss among adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomised, controlled clinical trial was conducted with 291 adolescents (mean age: 16.1 years) in three phases. Phase I involved the application of a questionnaire and clinical examinations using the simplified Oral Hygiene Index and gingival bleeding index. In phase II, the adolescents were randomly allocated to four groups: oral counseling (OR) and the use of an application (App) for smartphones; OR without the app; video (VD) and app; and VD without app. Messages were set through the app for 30 days. Phase III involved the second administration of the questionnaire and clinical examination. The frequency of dental floss use was evaluated in phases I and III. The groups were categorised into the use of technology (VD and/or App) and non-use of technology (OR alone). RESULTS: Statistically significant reductions in the clinical indices were found with all educational methods (p < 0.005) and improvements were found in the use of dental floss (p < 0.001). Moreover, information technologies were associated with an improvement in the frequency of dental floss use (p < 0.033). CONCLUSION: All methods were effective at improving clinical indicators. The use of information technologies can be considered an effective tool for improving dental floss use among adolescents.


Assuntos
Placa Dentária , Gengivite , Tecnologia da Informação , Adolescente , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Índice de Placa Dentária , Humanos , Índice de Higiene Oral
13.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2020-04-21.
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52021

RESUMO

Over three billion people in the world are quarantined or in social isolation, and border closings and restrictions on transportation are in place, among other measures. As a result, widely used information technologies—cell phones in particular—have become the main way that people, governments, and health institutions work, interact, share information, exchange and generate knowledge, and communicate.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Isolamento Social , Tecnologia da Informação
15.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 14(4): 419-422, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344370

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: COVID 19 (Coronavirus) pandemic has created surge demand for essential healthcare equipment, medicines along with the requirement for advance information technologies applications. Industry 4.0 is known as the fourth industrial revolution, which has the potential to fulfil customised requirement during COVID-19 crisis. This revolution has started with the applications of advance manufacturing and digital information technologies. METHODS: A detailed review of the literature is done on the technologies of Industry 4.0 and their applications in the COVID-19 pandemic, using appropriate search words on the databases of PubMed, SCOPUS, Google Scholar and Research Gate. RESULTS: We found several useful technologies of Industry 4.0 which help for proper control and management of COVID-19 pandemic and these have been discussed in this paper. The available technologies of Industry 4.0 could also help the detection and diagnosis of COVID-19 and other related problems and symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Industry 4.0 can fulfil the requirements of customised face masks, gloves, and collect information for healthcare systems for proper controlling and treating of COVID-19 patients. We have discussed ten major technologies of Industry 4.0 which help to solve the problems of this virus. It is useful to provide day to day update of an infected patient, area-wise, age-wise and state-wise with proper surveillance systems. We also believe that the proper implementation of these technologies would help to enhance education and communication regarding public health. These Industry 4.0 technologies could provide a lot of innovative ideas and solution for fighting local and global medical emergencies.


Assuntos
Biotecnologia/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Tecnologia da Informação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/tendências , Assistência ao Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Saúde Pública , Telemedicina
16.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231585, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32302326

RESUMO

The digital divide in Europe has not yet been bridged and thus more contributions towards understanding the factors affecting the different dimensions involved are required. This research offers some insights into the topic by analyzing the e-Government adoption or practical use of e-Government across Europe (26 EU countries). Based on the data provided by the statistical office of the European Union (Eurostat), we defined two indexes, the E-Government Use Index (EGUI) and an extreme version of it taking into account only null or complete use (EGUI+), and characterized the use/non use of e-Government tools using supervised learning procedures in a selection of countries with different e-Government adoption levels. These procedures achieved an average accuracy of 73% and determined the main factors related to the practical use of e-Government in each of the countries, e.g. the frequency of buying goods over the Internet or the education level. In addition, we compared the proposed indexes to other indexes measuring the level of e-readiness of a country such as the E-Government Development Index (EGDI) its Online Service Index (OSI) component, the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) and its Government usage component (GU). The ranking comparison found that EGUI+ is correlated with the four indexes mentioned at 0.05 significance level, as the majority of countries were ranked in similar positions. The outcomes contribute to gaining understanding about the factors influencing the use of e-Government in Europe and the different adoption levels.


Assuntos
Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , União Europeia/organização & administração , Governo , Tecnologia da Informação
17.
Unfallchirurg ; 123(6): 443-452, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270220

RESUMO

The complete blackout of information technology (IT) in a hospital represents a major incident with acute loss of functionality. The immediate consequence is a rapidly progressive loss of treatment capacity. The major priority for the acute management of such an event is to keep patients safe and prevent life-threatening situations. A possibility to channel the uncontrolled loss of treatment capacity in order to achieve the aforementioned protective target is the immediate organization of an analog system for baseline emergency medical care. The switch over from a fully operational routinely functioning system to a reduced emergency state occurs daily in hospitals (night shift, weekends, public holidays) and reflects the controlled reduction of the treatment capacity. This process and the procedures associated with it are universally known, the functions are clearly defined and planned in advance by duty rotas and the interplay of clinics in the organizational schedule is regulated in detail. In order to accomplish this strategy analog instruments are necessary. These must all be conceived, established, practiced and evaluated in advance with the clinics and departments. Ultimately, all isolated IT blackout concepts must be amalgamated into a compatible and functioning total framework. This structure must be maintained for as long as a partially or totally functioning IT has been reinstated.


Assuntos
Planejamento em Desastres , Administração Hospitalar/normas , Tecnologia da Informação , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Hospitais/normas , Humanos
18.
Appl Clin Inform ; 11(2): 265-275, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: UW Medicine was one of the first health systems to encounter and treat COVID-19 patients in the United States, starting in late February 2020. OBJECTIVE: Here we describe the rapid rollout of capabilities by UW Medicine Information Technology Services (ITS) to support our clinical response to the COVID-19 pandemic and provide recommendations for health systems to urgently consider, as they plan their own response to this and potentially other future pandemics. METHODS: Our recommendations include establishing a hospital incident command structure that includes tight integration with IT, creating automated dashboards for incident command, optimizing emergency communication to staff and patients, and preparing human resources, security, other policies, and equipment to support the transition of all nonessential staff to telework.We describe how UW Medicine quickly expanded telemedicine capabilities to include most primary care providers and increasing numbers of specialty providers. We look at how we managed expedited change control processes to quickly update electronic health records (EHR) with new COVID-19 laboratory and clinical workflows. We also examine the integration of new technology such as tele-intensive care (ICU) equipment and improved integration with teleconferencing software into our EHR. To support the rapid preparation for COVID-19 at other health systems, we include samples of the UW Medicine's COVID-19 order set, COVID-19 documentation template, dashboard metric categories, and a list of the top 10 things your health care IT organization can do now to prepare. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 response requires new and expedited ways of approaching ITS support to clinical needs. UW Medicine ITS leadership hope that by quickly sharing our nimble response to clinical and operational requests, we can help other systems prepare to respond to this public health emergency.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Tecnologia da Informação , Informática Médica , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Sistemas Pré-Pagos de Saúde , Humanos , Noroeste dos Estados Unidos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Saúde Pública , Telemedicina , Fluxo de Trabalho
19.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 26(7): 1506-1512, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228808

RESUMO

Because of its proximity to and frequent travelers to and from China, Taiwan faces complex challenges in preventing coronavirus disease (COVID-19). As soon as China reported the unidentified outbreak to the World Health Organization on December 31, 2019, Taiwan assembled a taskforce and began health checks onboard flights from Wuhan. Taiwan's rapid implementation of disease prevention measures helped detect and isolate the country's first COVID-19 case on January 20, 2020. Laboratories in Taiwan developed 4-hour test kits and isolated 2 strains of the coronavirus before February. Taiwan effectively delayed and contained community transmission by leveraging experience from the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak, prevalent public awareness, a robust public health network, support from healthcare industries, cross-departmental collaborations, and advanced information technology capacity. We analyze use of the National Health Insurance database and critical policy decisions made by Taiwan's government during the first 50 days of the COVID-19 outbreak.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Política de Saúde , Tecnologia da Informação , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Colaboração Intersetorial , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Pública , Quarentena , Normas Sociais , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Viagem
20.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 70-76, ene.-abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094581

RESUMO

Introducción: El desarrollo de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC) y su fácil acceso, hacen de ésta una alternativa educativa que contribuye a incrementar la calidad de la educación, facilitando el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje con medios virtuales. Las lesiones elementales son alteraciones del tejido bucal y su conocimiento es importante para realizar un adecuado diagnóstico y manejo terapéutico. Objetivo: Diseñar, implementar y evaluar una aplicación móvil para la enseñanza de lesiones elementales en cavidad bucal. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de intervención, experimental, que evaluó una herramienta educativa sobre lesiones elementales bucales, utilizando una pre-prueba, una intervención y una prueba posterior, para el grupo control se evaluó el aprendizaje a través de la lectura de un artículo. Se compararon los resultados obtenidos mediante prueba de Chi 2 con un p≤0,05. Resultados: Ambos grupos lograron un incremento en el nivel de conocimiento sobre lesiones elementales; sin embargo, quien utilizó la aplicación móvil obtuvo resultados significativamente mejores de aprendizaje (Chi 2 p=0,014). Conclusiones: Las TIC constituyen una estrategia útil para afianzar nuevos conocimientos, se comprobó que los estudiantes que emplearon la herramienta educativa incrementaron significativamente el aprendizaje en lesiones elementales de una forma agradable y amena.


Introduction: The development and widespread access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have reinforced the view of them as didactic alternatives to improve the quality of education. These technological advances have facilitated the teaching-learning process through the use of virtual media. Knowing elementary lesions in the oral cavity tissue is important for their appropriate diagnosis and therapeutic management. Objective: To design, implement and assess the use of a mobile application in the teaching of elementary lesions of the oral cavity. Materials and methods: An intervention and experimental study that evaluated a didactic tool about oral elementary lesions, applying intervention, pre and post testing. The control group learning skills were assessed through the reading of an article. We finally compared the results via Chi2 test, with p≤0.05. Results: Although both groups showed an improvement in learning levels, the group that used the mobile application achieved significantly better results in reference to learning about elementary lesions (Chi2 p=0.014). Conclusions: ICTs have become useful strategies to strengthen new knowledge. In this study, we show that students who used the educational tool improved the learning of elementary lesions, in a significant and enjoyable way.


Assuntos
Patologia Bucal , Boca , Efetividade , Educação em Saúde , Tecnologia da Informação , Aprendizagem
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