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1.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 35(2): 60-64, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555718

RESUMO

Presence of support persons enhances patient and family satisfaction. The introduction of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted hospital operations and has reduced visitation. A virtual visitation program was implemented in critical care units to replicate visitation by video chat to ease stress on patients and family members to improve communication.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Telecomunicações/normas , Visitas a Pacientes , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , /transmissão , Cuidados Críticos/tendências , Família/psicologia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pacientes/psicologia , Telecomunicações/tendências
2.
Pediatr Emerg Care ; 37(1): 48-53, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33394945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aim to describe the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) preparedness efforts among a diverse set of pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) within the United States. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicenter survey of PED medical director(s) from selected children's hospitals recruited through a long established national research network. The questionnaire was developed by physicians with expertise in pediatric emergency medicine, disaster readiness, human factors, and survey development. Thirty-five children's hospitals were identified for recruitment through an established national research network. RESULTS: We report on survey responses from 25 (71%) of 35 PEDs, of which 64% were located within academic children's hospitals. All PEDs witnessed decreases in non-COVID-19 patients, 60% had COVID-19-dedicated units, and 32% changed their unit pediatric patient age to include adult patients. All PEDs implemented changes to their staffing model, with the most common change impacting their physician staffing (80%) and triaging model (76%). All PEDs conducted training for appropriate donning and doffing of personal protective equipment (PPE), and 62% reported shortages in PPE. The majority implemented changes in the airway management protocols (84%) and cardiac arrest management in COVID patients (76%). The most common training modalities were video/teleconference (84%) and simulation-based training (72%). The most common learning objectives were team dynamics (60%), and PPE and individual procedural skills (56%). CONCLUSIONS: This national survey provides insight into PED preparedness efforts, training innovations, and practice changes implemented during the start of COVID-19 pandemic. Pediatric emergency departments implemented broad strategies including modifications to staffing, workflow, and clinical practice while using video/teleconference and simulation as preferred training modalities. Further research is needed to advance the level of preparedness and support deep learning about which preparedness actions were effective for future pandemics.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Planejamento em Desastres , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Pandemias , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/educação , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Planejamento em Desastres/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação a Distância , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Pediátricos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Estudos Prospectivos , Treinamento por Simulação , Telecomunicações , Triagem , Estados Unidos
3.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245009, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471811

RESUMO

To slow the transmission of COVID-19, countries around the world have implemented social distancing and stay-at-home policies-potentially leading people to rely more on household members for their sense of closeness and belonging. To understand the conditions under which people felt the most connected, we examined whether changes in overall feelings of social connection varied by household size and composition. In two pre-registered studies, undergraduates in Canada (NStudy 1 = 548) and adults primarily from the U.S. and U.K. (NStudy 2 = 336) reported their perceived social connection once before and once during the pandemic. In both studies, living with a partner robustly and uniquely buffered shifts in social connection during the first phases of the pandemic (ßStudy 1 = .22, ßStudy 2 = .16). In contrast, neither household size nor other aspects of household composition predicted changes in connection. We discuss implications for future social distancing policies that aim to balance physical health with psychological health.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Adulto , /prevenção & controle , Canadá/epidemiologia , Características da Família , Humanos , Parceiros Sexuais , Apoio Social , Telecomunicações , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
5.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 16(12): e1008485, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338032

RESUMO

The increased democratization of the creation, implementation, and attendance of academic conferences has been a serendipitous benefit of the movement toward virtual meetings. The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has accelerated the transition to online conferences and, in parallel, their democratization, by necessity. This manifests not just in the mitigation of barriers to attending traditional physical conferences but also in the presentation of new, and more importantly attainable, opportunities for young scientists to carve out a niche in the landscape of academic meetings. Here, we describe an early "proof of principle" of this democratizing power via our experience organizing the Canadian Computational Neuroscience Spotlight (CCNS; crowdcast.io/e/CCNS), a free 2-day virtual meeting that was built entirely amid the pandemic using only virtual tools. While our experience was unique considering the obstacles faced in creating a conference during a pandemic, this was not the only factor differentiating both our experience and the resulting meeting from other contemporary online conferences. Specifically, CCNS was crafted entirely by early career researchers (ECRs) without any sponsors or partners, advertised primarily using social media and "word of mouth," and designed specifically to highlight and engage trainees. From this experience, we have distilled "10 simple rules" as a blueprint for the design of new virtual academic meetings, especially in the absence of institutional support or partnerships, in this unprecedented environment. By highlighting the lessons learned in implementing our meeting under these arduous circumstances, we hope to encourage other young scientists to embrace this challenge, which would serve as a critical next step in further democratizing academic meetings.


Assuntos
Neurociências/educação , Neurociências/tendências , Mídias Sociais , Telecomunicações , Encéfalo/patologia , Canadá , Biologia Computacional , Congressos como Assunto , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , Internet , Oscilometria , Pandemias , Universidades
6.
Recenti Prog Med ; 111(12): 714-716, 2020 12.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33362167

RESUMO

The first of a series of four online meetings entitled "A&F CONNECTIONS. In practice and in response to Covid-19", as part of the EASY-NET network program on the topic of Audit & Feedback (A&F), was an opportunity to present and discuss the first results of a survey carried out by the area working on A&F, to describe the characteristics of A&F interventions in the EASY-NET context. A reflection on the preliminary results of the investigation and on the cultural dimension of the importance of creating a bridge between the world of clinicians and the world of epidemiology, for a real and virtuous exchange of information.


Assuntos
/terapia , Epidemiologistas , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Troca de Informação em Saúde , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Médicos , Telecomunicações , Feedback Formativo , Humanos , Internet , Itália , Auditoria Médica
7.
BMJ Health Care Inform ; 27(3)2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177050

RESUMO

Background COVID-19 presented significant challenges to healthcare organisations, which needed to rapidly remodel their services but were unable to allow staff to meet face to face to minimise infection risk. During this communication predicament, National Health Service (NHS) Digital announced the provision of Microsoft Teams, a digital communication and collaboration tool, which was implemented at Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust within 2 weeks.Method Given the need to deploy at scale, rapidly and with minimal resource, an agile decentralised innovation management approach was used, empowering staff to be local implementors.Results Resulting use cases were highly original and varied, ranging from a COVID-19 Education Programme to coordination of oxygen demand. Analytics showed rapid and persistent adoption, surpassing 500 daily active users within 11 days. Usage continues to increase, consistent with a direct network effect.Conclusion These findings suggest a high demand for this format of communication and high willingness to adopt it. Further qualitative research into staff perceptions would be valuable to confirm this, and to assess the user experience.Overall, this has been a radical approach to digital implementation in healthcare, and has so far proved effective in delivering a cost minimal, rapid communication tool at scale in the midst of a global pandemic.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Medicina Estatal/organização & administração , Telecomunicações/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias
8.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(44): 1648-1653, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151918

RESUMO

Since March 2020, large-scale efforts to reduce transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), have continued. Mitigation measures to reduce workplace exposures have included work site policies to support flexible work site options, including telework, whereby employees work remotely without commuting to a central place of work.* Opportunities to telework have varied across industries among U.S. jobs where telework options are feasible (1). However, little is known about the impact of telework on risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection. A case-control investigation was conducted to compare telework between eligible symptomatic persons who received positive SARS-CoV-2 reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test results (case-patients, 153) and symptomatic persons with negative test results (control-participants, 161). Eligible participants were identified in outpatient health care facilities during July 2020. Among employed participants who reported on their telework status during the 2 weeks preceding illness onset (248), the percentage who were able to telework on a full- or part-time basis was lower among case-patients (35%; 42 of 120) than among control-participants (53%; 68 of 128) (p<0.01). Case-patients were more likely than were control-participants to have reported going exclusively to an office or school setting (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.8; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2-2.7) in the 2 weeks before illness onset. The association was also observed when further restricting to the 175 participants who reported working in a profession outside the critical infrastructure† (aOR = 2.1; 95% CI = 1.3-3.6). Providing the option to work from home or telework when possible, is an important consideration for reducing the risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection. In industries where telework options are not available, worker safety measures should continue to be scaled up to reduce possible worksite exposures.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Sintomas , Telecomunicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 448, 2020 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070781

RESUMO

The 2020 annual Congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) was the first ever to be held virtually. Under the spotlight of 'the cutting edge of cardiology', exciting and ground-breaking cardiovascular (CV) science was presented both in basic and clinical research. This commentary summarizes essential updates from ESC 2020-The Digital Experience. Despite the challenges that coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has posed on the conduct of clinical trials, the ESC Congress launched the results of major studies bringing innovation to the field of general cardiology, cardiac surgery, heart failure, interventional cardiology, and atrial fibrillation. In addition to three new ESC guidelines updates, the first ESC Guidelines on Sports Cardiology and Exercise in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease were presented. As former ESC president, Professor Casadei undoubtedly pointed out the ESC Congress 2020 was a great success. During the ESC 2020 Congress, BMC Cardiovascular Disorders updated to seven journal sections including Arrhythmias and Electrophysiology, CV Surgery, Coronary Artery Disease, Epidemiology and Digital health, Hypertension and Vascular biology, Primary prevention and CV Risk, and Structural Diseases, Heart Failure, and Congenital Disorders. To conclude, an important take-home message for all CV health care professionals engaged in the COVID-19 pandemic is that we must foresee and be prepared to tackle the dramatic, long-term CV complications of COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Infecções por Coronavirus , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Telecomunicações/organização & administração , Relatórios Anuais como Assunto , Betacoronavirus , Cardiologia/métodos , Cardiologia/normas , Cardiologia/tendências , Doenças Cardiovasculares/classificação , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Congressos como Assunto , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Sociedades Médicas
10.
J Headache Pain ; 21(1): 128, 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Covid-19 pandemic is causing changes in delivery of medical care worldwide. It is not known how the management of headache patients was affected by the lockdown during the pandemic. The aim of the present study was to investigate how the initial phase of the Covid-19 pandemic affected the hospital management of headache in Denmark and Norway. METHODS: All neurological departments in Denmark (n = 14) and Norway (n = 18) were invited to a questionnaire survey. The study focused on the lockdown and all questions were answered in regard to the period between March 12th and April 15th, 2020. RESULTS: The responder rate was 91% (29/32). Of the neurological departments 86% changed their headache practice during the lockdown. The most common change was a shift to more telephone consultations (86%). Video consultations were offered by 45%. The number of new headache referrals decreased. Only 36% administered botulinum toxin A treatment according to usual schemes. Sixty% reported that fewer patients were admitted for in-hospital emergency diagnostics and treatment. Among departments conducting headache research 57% had to halt ongoing projects. Overall, 54% reported that the standard of care was worse for headache patients during the pandemic. CONCLUSION: Hospital-based headache care and research was impacted in Denmark and Norway during the initial phase of the Covid-19-pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde , Transtornos da Cefaleia/terapia , Neurologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/uso terapêutico , Cefaleia Histamínica/diagnóstico , Cefaleia Histamínica/terapia , Dinamarca , Gerenciamento Clínico , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/terapia , Transtornos da Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Departamentos Hospitalares , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Fármacos Neuromusculares/uso terapêutico , Noruega , Ambulatório Hospitalar , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telecomunicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Comunicação por Videoconferência/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Curr Atheroscler Rep ; 22(12): 72, 2020 10 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009957

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review highlights selected studies related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention that were presented at the 2020 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Congress-The Digital Experience. RECENT FINDINGS: The studies reviewed include clinical trials on novel RNA interference-based lipid-lowering therapies AKCEA-APOCIII-LRx and vupanorsen (AKCEA-ANGPTL3-LRx); the EVAPORATE trial assessing the effects of icosapent ethyl on coronary plaque volume progression; the LoDoCo2 trial evaluating the efficacy of low-dose colchicine in cardiovascular disease risk reduction among patients with chronic coronary artery disease; as well as the EMPEROR-Reduced trial evaluating cardiovascular and renal outcomes with empagliflozin in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction. In addition, we review the BPLTTC analysis on blood pressure treatment across blood pressure levels and CVD status and discuss findings from the BRACE CORONA study that examined continuing versus suspending angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blockers in patients on these antihypertensive medications who were hospitalized with COVID-19 infection. The studies presented at the 2020 digital ESC Congress highlight the continuing advancements in the field of CVD prevention.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Cardiologia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Infecções por Coronavirus , Reguladores do Metabolismo de Lipídeos/farmacologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Compostos Benzidrílicos/farmacologia , Cardiologia/métodos , Cardiologia/tendências , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Congressos como Assunto , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Eicosapentaenoico/farmacologia , Europa (Continente) , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Oligonucleotídeos/farmacologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Sociedades Médicas , Telecomunicações
12.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(4): 267-269, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025729

RESUMO

The pandemic is creating unprecedented demand for mental health support for young people. While schools often facilitate mental health support for their students, the demands for online teaching and the uncertainty created by the pandemic make traditional delivery of support through schools challenging. Technology provides a potential way forward. We have developed a digital ecosystem, HABITS, that can be integrated into school and healthcare systems. This has allowed us to deploy specific evidence-based interventions directly, and through schools, to students and to parents in New Zealand during the current pandemic. Chatbot architecture is particularly suited to rapid iteration to provide specific information while apps can provide more generalised support. While technology can provide some solutions, it is important to be aware of the potential to increase current inequities, with those facing the greatest challenges to health and well-being, also least able to afford the resources to access digital interventions. Development of an integrated and equitable digital system will take time and collaboration.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde da Criança/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Computadores , Ecossistema , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Telecomunicações
13.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(4): 263-264, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058519

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has illuminated preference of children with autism spectrum disorder of near average to above average intelligence (high functioning autism - HFA) for remote learning. While many children with HFA excel at the academic curriculum, the majority struggle with the so-called hidden curriculum, which includes such things as social rules and societal norms. Explicit teaching of the hidden curriculum is often lacking in mainstream education classes and can be a tremendous stumbling block for children with HFA. The result is often anxiety and depression which can be exacerbated or sometimes even caused by the intense demands for sociability and flexibility required in most mainstream educational settings. Remote learning, while not a legitimate option until now, has provided these children with an opportunity to flourish at home and improve not only their grades but also their mental health. While remote learning or hybrid models may continue to be appropriate for some children, understanding of the hidden curriculum is necessary beyond the school years. Both mental health and academic proficiency will flourish to the degree we are able to make the hidden curriculum more explicit to children with HFA.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Instituições Acadêmicas/organização & administração , Adolescente , Criança , Currículo , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Comportamento Social , Telecomunicações
15.
Circ Heart Fail ; 13(9): e007516, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894988

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic imposed severe restrictions on traditional methods of patient care. During the pandemic, the heart failure program at New York-Presbyterian Hospital in New York, NY rapidly and comprehensively transitioned its care delivery model and administrative organization to conform to a new healthcare environment while still providing high-quality care to a large cohort of patients with heart failure, heart transplantation, and left ventricular assist device. In addition to the widespread adoption of telehealth, our program restructured outpatient care, initiating a shared clinic model and introducing a comprehensive remote monitoring program to manage patients with heart failure and heart transplant. All conferences, including administrative meetings, support groups, and educational seminars were converted to teleconferencing platforms. Following the peak of COVID-19, many of the new changes have been maintained, and the program structure will be permanently altered as a lasting effect of this pandemic. In this article, we review the details of our program's transition in the face of COVID-19 and highlight the programmatic changes that will endure.


Assuntos
Cardiologia/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Assistência Ambulatorial/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus , Transplante de Coração , Coração Auxiliar , Humanos , Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Pandemias , Médicos , Papel Profissional , Grupos de Autoajuda , Telecomunicações , Centros de Atenção Terciária/organização & administração , Comunicação por Videoconferência
17.
Work ; 66(4): 717-729, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is a highly contagious acute respiratory syndrome and has been declared a pandemic in more than 209 countries worldwide. At the time of writing, no preventive vaccine has been developed and tested in the community. This study was conducted to review studies aimed at preventing the spread of the coronavirus worldwide. METHODS: This study was a review of the evidence-based literature and was conducted by searching databases, including Google Scholar, PubMed, and ScienceDirect, until April 2020. The search was performed based on keywords including "coronavirus", "COVID-19", and "prevention". The list of references in the final studies has also been re-reviewed to find articles that might not have been obtained through the search. The guidelines published by trustworthy organizations such as the World Health Organization and Center for Disease Control have been used in this study. CONCLUSION: So far, no vaccine or definitive treatment for COVID-19 has been invented, and the disease has become a pandemic. Therefore, observation of hand hygiene, disinfection of high-touch surfaces, observation of social distance, and lack of presence in public places are recommended as preventive measures. Moreover, to control the situation and to reduce the incidence of the virus, some of the measures taken by the decision-making bodies and the guidelines of the deterrent institutions to strengthen telecommuting of employees and reduce the presence of people in the community and prevent unnecessary activities, are very important.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Guias como Assunto , Controle de Infecções/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Tomada de Decisões Gerenciais , Desinfecção/organização & administração , Desinfecção/normas , Higiene das Mãos/organização & administração , Higiene das Mãos/normas , Humanos , Incidência , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Programas de Rastreamento/organização & administração , Programas de Rastreamento/normas , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Telecomunicações/organização & administração , Telecomunicações/normas , Local de Trabalho/normas
18.
Work ; 66(4): 731-737, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a major cause of stress and anxiety worldwide. Due to the global lockdown, work, employment, businesses and the economic climate have been severely affected. It has generated stress among people from all sections of society, especially to workers who have been assigned to cater to healthcare service or those constrained to secure daily essential items. It is widely perceived that elderly or those affected by diabetes, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases are prone to COVID-19. As per an ongoing survey, the initial data shows that the above-mentioned anxiety and stress cause insomnia, and has the considerable potential to weaken the immune system, the sole protection against the virus. OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on the need of Yoga practice at work places and at home during the global lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Literature was searched using PubMed and Google Scholar for COVID-19-related stress and anxiety at work and society due to the worldwide lockdown. The predisposing comorbidities, viral mechanism of action and treatment regimen were also searched. Yoga-based intervention studies and online programs were also searched. RESULTS: As the lockdown cannot last forever and workplaces will have to be functional soon, there is an increased possibility of recurrent infection. Therefore, Yoga can provide the necessary tool for risk reduction, amelioration of stress and anxiety and strengthening of the immune function. The online platforms provide a good media for Yoga training at work places and homes. CONCLUSION: Due to social distancing norms, the availability of Yoga trainers has become restricted. Yoga practice is actively sought to achieve reduced anxiety and stress so that improved sleep may positively impact immunity. As a consequence, there is a spurt in social media, catering to daily online Yoga sessions which apparently prove useful in providing accessible means to achieve mental as well as physical well-being.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Sistema Imunitário/fisiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/prevenção & controle , Telecomunicações , Ioga , Ansiedade/complicações , Ansiedade/psicologia , Ansiedade/reabilitação , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/imunologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/fisiopatologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/reabilitação , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
19.
Work ; 66(4): 739-749, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prolonged home stays due to the COVID-19 quarantine can increase the use of computers and other technologies that may lead to significant reduction in activity, contributing to musculoskeletal problems, anxiety and depression. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a novel multicomponent exercise program for individuals who work with computers during the COVID-19 quarantine. METHODS: Researchers collaborating cross-institutionally and cross-nationally performed a careful literature search for exercise and stretching regiments with particular attention to methodologies that can be applied during the lockdown in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodologies were then compiled and truncated for ease of use for the computer-based office worker during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine. RESULTS: The resulting program is broken down into three categories: aerobic, strengthening and stretching components. Each component can then be further modified to meet the frequency, intensity, time and type (FITT) specifications for the participant. CONCLUSIONS: We present a novel, evidence-based strategy for functional fitness for office workers who have remained home-bound during the COVID-19 pandemic quarantine. Further research should seek to validate the efficacy of the proposed protocol.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena/normas , Comportamento Sedentário , Telecomunicações , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Computadores , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
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