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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4945, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009378

RESUMO

Spring warming substantially advances leaf unfolding and flowering time for perennials. Winter warming, however, decreases chilling accumulation (CA), which increases the heat requirement (HR) and acts to delay spring phenology. Whether or not this negative CA-HR relationship is correctly interpreted in ecosystem models remains unknown. Using leaf unfolding and flowering data for 30 perennials in Europe, here we show that more than half (7 of 12) of current chilling models are invalid since they show a positive CA-HR relationship. The possible reason is that they overlook the effect of freezing temperature on dormancy release. Overestimation of the advance in spring phenology by the end of this century by these invalid chilling models could be as large as 7.6 and 20.0 days under RCPs 4.5 and 8.5, respectively. Our results highlight the need for a better representation of chilling for the correct understanding of spring phenological responses to future climate change.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Temperatura Baixa , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Estações do Ano , Betula/fisiologia , Temperatura Alta , Modelos Lineares , Modelos Biológicos
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9753-9759, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The weather-related conditions change the ecosystem and pose a threat to social, economic and environmental development. It creates unprecedented or unanticipated human health problems in various places or times of the year. Africa is the world's second largest and most populous continent and has relatively changeable weather conditions. The present study aims to investigate the impact of weather conditions, heat and humidity on the incidence and mortality of COVID-19 pandemic in various regions of Africa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 16 highly populated countries from North, South, East, West, and Central African regions were selected. The data on COVID-19 pandemic including daily new cases and new deaths were recorded from World Health Organization. The daily temperature and humidity figures were obtained from the weather web "Time and Date". The daily cases, deaths, temperature and humidity were recorded from the date of appearance of first case of "Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)" in the African region, from Feb 14 to August 2, 2020. RESULTS: In African countries, the daily basis mean temperature from Feb 14, 2020 to August 2, 2020 was 26.16±0.12°C, and humidity was 57.41±0.38%. The overall results revealed a significant inverse correlation between humidity and the number of cases (r= -0.192, p<0.001) and deaths (r= -0.213, p<0.001). Similarly, a significant inverse correlation was found between temperature and the number of cases (r= -0.25, p<0.001) and deaths (r=-0.18, p<0.001). Furthermore, the regression results showed that with 1% increase in humidity the number of cases and deaths was significantly reduced by 3.6% and 3.7% respectively. Congruently, with 1°C increase in temperature, the number of cases and deaths was also significantly reduced by 15.1% and 10.5%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Increase in relative humidity and temperature was associated with a decrease in the number of daily cases and deaths due to COVID-19 pandemic in various African countries. The study findings on weather events and COVID-19 pandemic have an impact at African regional levels to project the incidence and mortality trends with regional weather events which will enhance public health readiness and assist in planning to fight against this pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Temperatura Alta/efeitos adversos , Umidade/efeitos adversos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Tempo (Meteorologia) , África/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Incidência
3.
Proc Biol Sci ; 287(1931): 20201140, 2020 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043866

RESUMO

An improved understanding of life-history responses to current environmental variability is required to predict species-specific responses to anthopogenic climate change. Previous research has suggested that cooperation in social groups may buffer individuals against some of the negative effects of unpredictable climates. We use a 15-year dataset on a cooperative breeding arid zone bird, the southern pied babbler Turdoides bicolor, to test (i) whether environmental conditions and group size correlate with survival of young during three development stages (egg, nestling, fledgling) and (ii) whether group size mitigates the impacts of adverse environmental conditions on survival of young. Exposure to high mean daily maximum temperatures (mean Tmax) during early development was associated with reduced survival probabilities of young in all three development stages. No young survived when mean Tmax > 38°C, across all group sizes. Low survival of young at high temperatures has broad implications for recruitment and population persistence in avian communities given the rapid pace of advancing climate change. Impacts of high temperatures on survival of young were not moderated by group size, suggesting that the availability of more helpers in a group is unlikely to buffer against compromised offspring survival as average and maximum temperatures increase with rapid anthropogenic climate change.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Temperatura Alta , Passeriformes , Animais , Aves , Cruzamento
4.
Science ; 370(6512): 37-38, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004503
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2283-2286, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018463

RESUMO

In this work we evaluated the maximum temperature reached by the head tissues and transducers during TTFields treatment when the thermal parameters were changed. We used Pennes' equation to obtain the temperature distribution and we ran our studies using COMSOL Multiphysics. We observed that, among the parameters we tested, changes in the scalp thermal conductivity and grey matter blood perfusion were the ones that led to the highest temperature variations.Clinical Relevance- This work shows that the uncertainty regarding the thermal parameters of biological tissues might lead to significant changes in the temperature distribution when modeling heat transfer during TTFields therapy.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Temperatura Alta , Temperatura , Condutividade Térmica , Incerteza
6.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3066-3069, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018652

RESUMO

The goal of this study is to estimate the thermal impact of a titanium skull unit (SU) implanted on the exterior aspect of the human skull. We envision this unit to house the front-end of a fully implantable electrocorticogram (ECoG)-based bi-directional (BD) brain-computer interface (BCI). Starting from the bio-heat transfer equation with physiologically and anatomically constrained tissue parameters, we used the finite element method (FEM) implemented in COMSOL to build a computational model of the SU's thermal impact. Based on our simulations, we predicted that the SU could consume up to 75 mW of power without raising the temperature of surrounding tissues above the safe limits (increase in temperature of 1°C). This power budget by far exceeds the power consumption of our front-end prototypes, suggesting that this design can sustain the SU's ability to record ECoG signals and deliver cortical stimulation. These predictions will be used to further refine the existing SU design and inform the design of future SU prototypes.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Eletrocorticografia , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Próteses e Implantes , Crânio
7.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 4151-4155, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018912

RESUMO

To build a system for monitoring elderly people living alone, an important step needs to be done: identifying the presence/absence of the person being monitored and his location. Such task has several applications that we discuss in this paper, and remains very important. Several techniques were proposed in the literature. However, most of them suffer from issues related to privacy, coverage or convenience. In the current paper, we propose an infrared array sensor-based approach to detect the presence/absence of a person in a room. We used a wide angle low resolution sensor (i.e., 32×24 pixels) to collect heat-related information from the area monitored, and used Deep Learning (DL) to identify the presence of up to 3 people with an accuracy reaching 97%. Our approach also detects of the presence or absence of a person with a 100% accuracy. Nevertheless, it allows identifying the location of the detected people within a room of dimensions 4×7.4 m with a margin of 0.3 m.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Nível de Saúde , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Idoso , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica , Características de Residência
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 741: 140188, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886981

RESUMO

CONTEXT: A number of studies have shown that cold has an important impact on human health. However, almost no studies focused on cold warning systems to prevent those health effects. For Nordic regions, like the province of Quebec in Canada, winter is long and usually very cold with an observed increase in mortality and hospitalizations throughout the season. However, there is no existing system specifically designed to follow in real-time this mortality increase throughout the season and to alert public health authorities prior to cold waves. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to establish a watch and warning system specifically for health impacts of cold, applied to different climatic regions of the province of Quebec. METHODOLOGY: A methodology previously used to establish the health-heat warning system in Quebec is adapted to cold. The approach identifies cold weather indicators and establishes thresholds related to extreme over-mortality or over-hospitalization events in the province of Quebec, Canada. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The final health-related thresholds proposed are between (-15 °C, -23 °C) and (-20 °C, -29 °C) according to the climatic region for excesses of mortality, and between (-13 °C, -23 °C) and (-17 °C, -30 °C) for excesses of hospitalization. These results suggest that the system model has a high sensitivity and an acceptable number of false alarms. This could lead to the establishment of a cold-health watch and warning system with valid indicators and thresholds for each climatic region of Quebec. It can be seen as a complementary system to the existing one for heat warnings, in order to help the public health authorities to be well prepared during an extreme cold event.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa , Temperatura Alta , Canadá , Humanos , Quebeque , Estações do Ano
9.
Science ; 369(6508): 1163, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883848
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(16): 3812-3818, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893575

RESUMO

The current study was conducted to explore the effects of light intensity in cultivating environment on the cleaning away heat property of Viola yedoensis. In the present study, we established the acute inflammation model of ICR mice by injecting carrageenan. We compared the effects of V. yedoensis grown under different light intensities(100%, 80%, 50%, 35% and 5% of full sunlight) on mice body temperature, thermal radiation and the swelling degree of foot tissue before and after modeling observing by thermal infrared imaging technique and weighing method. The changes of energy metabolism related enzymes in liver were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). In addition, the effects of V. yedoensis grown under different light intensities on human lung cancer cell A549 proliferation were explored with MTT method. The results showed that the body temperature of all groups of mice in V. yedoensis group were significantly lower than that of the blank group, except 5% full sunlight group, and the body temperature declined in positive proportion to light intensity. V. yedoensis group could alleviate foot swelling, reduce SDH activity in liver tissue(especially 100% full sunlight group and 80% full sunlight group were significantly lower than model group), and the degree of alleviating and reducing was positively correlated with light intensity. There was no significant difference in the activity of Na~+-K~+-ATPase and Ca~(2+)-Mg~(2+)-ATPase in liver tissue among treatments. The contents of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, PGE_2 in foot tissue of mice in V. yedoensis groups were significantly lower than those in model group. Among them, the lowest levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, PGE_2 were found in 80% full sunlight group, and there was no significant difference in TNF-α among different groups. The effects of V. yedoensis aqueous extract on A549 cell line proliferation inhibition rate increased with the light intensities of V. yedoensis cultivating environment. And the effects of V. yedoensis grown under 100% of full sunlight showed significantly higher A549 cell line proliferation inhibition rate compared with other groups(P<0.05). In summary, the light intensity of V. yedoensis cultivating environment is positively correlated with the cleaning away heat property of V. yedoensis, which conforms to the "light-cold and heat property" hypothesis,The V. yedoensis should be planted under full light according.


Assuntos
Viola , Animais , Temperatura Alta , Inflamação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
11.
Sci Total Environ ; 743: 140704, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927527

RESUMO

Indoor pests, and the allergens they produce, adversely affect human health. Surprisingly, however, their effects on indoor microbial communities have not been assessed. Bed bug (Cimex lectularius) infestations pose severe challenges in elderly and low-income housing. They void large amounts of liquid feces into the home environment, which might alter the indoor microbial community composition. In this study, using bed bug-infested and uninfested homes, we showed a strong impact of bed bug infestations on the indoor microbial diversity. Floor dust samples were collected from uninfested and bed bug-infested homes and their microbiomes were analyzed before and after heat interventions that eliminated bed bugs. The microbial communities of bed bug-infested homes were radically different from those of uninfested homes, and the bed bug endosymbiont Wolbachia was the major driver of this difference. After bed bugs were eliminated, the microbial community gradually shifted toward the community composition of uninfested homes, strongly implicating bed bugs in shaping the dust-associated environmental microbiome. Further studies are needed to understand the viability of these microbial communities and the potential risks that bed bug-associated microbes and their metabolites pose to human health.


Assuntos
Percevejos-de-Cama , Microbiota , Idoso , Animais , Temperatura Alta , Habitação , Humanos , Pobreza
12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4812, 2020 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-791640

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is commonly diagnosed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect viral RNA in patient samples, but RNA extraction constitutes a major bottleneck in current testing. Methodological simplification could increase diagnostic availability and efficiency, benefitting patient care and infection control. Here, we describe methods circumventing RNA extraction in COVID-19 testing by performing RT-PCR directly on heat-inactivated or lysed samples. Our data, including benchmarking using 597 clinical patient samples and a standardised diagnostic system, demonstrate that direct RT-PCR is viable option to extraction-based tests. Using controlled amounts of active SARS-CoV-2, we confirm effectiveness of heat inactivation by plaque assay and evaluate various generic buffers as transport medium for direct RT-PCR. Significant savings in time and cost are achieved through RNA-extraction-free protocols that are directly compatible with established PCR-based testing pipelines. This could aid expansion of COVID-19 testing.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos , Benchmarking , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/normas , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Primers do DNA/genética , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/normas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/estatística & dados numéricos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Suécia/epidemiologia , Ensaio de Placa Viral/métodos
13.
Waste Manag ; 118: 9-17, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871409

RESUMO

Fast pyrolysis offers a promising efficient way for the resourceful disposal of waste tires and heating rate was a key influence factor on products properties. However, the heating rates of the widely used experimental apparatus (like thermogravimetric) were generally outside the scope of most fast pyrolysis devices. To better guide actual pyrolysis process, the present study focused on the effects of high heating rates (ranged from 60 to 6000 °C/min) on products distribution and sulfur transformation during waste tires pyrolysis. And experiments were conducted at temperatures from 425 °C to 575 °C by using a self-designed photothermal reactor. The results showed that increasing heating rates posed slight effect on the products yields at 425 °C while obviously decreased char yield by forming more gases at higher temperatures. Moreover, high heating rates promoted the fast cracking of tires to form more radical fragments, leading to the formation of numerous small-molecule H2, CH4 and H2S. Meanwhile, secondary reactions among nascent volatiles remarkably increased the fraction or aromatic compounds in the pyrolytic tar especially at 500 °C and 575 °C. Although high heating rates hardly changed the carbon distribution characteristics in the char, increasing heating rate from 60 to 600 °C/min significantly reduced sulfur content in the char, regardless of the final pyrolysis temperature. These findings were believed to well support the application of fast pyrolysis technique for the disposal of waste tires.


Assuntos
Calefação , Pirólise , Temperatura Alta , Enxofre , Temperatura
14.
Waste Manag ; 118: 131-138, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892090

RESUMO

The preparation of lightweight aggregate (LWA) by high-temperature sintering is a promising method for recycling solid waste safely, especially for solidifying heavy metals effectively. The main aim of this research was to systematically evaluate the effects of the flux components on LWA, including Na2O, MgO, CaO, and Fe2O3. The physical properties and chromium solidification mechanism of LWA were characterized and analyzed. The results showed that the addition of Na facilitated LWA preparation and Cr solidification, whereas Ca, Mg, and Fe were deleterious to some extent. Further analysis indicated that increasing the Fe2O3 content was not conducive to the reduction of Cr because its decomposition reaction creates an oxygen-rich environment. The results of this research could provide a meaningful guide for regulating the composition of raw materials for the production of LWA to treat industrial Cr-containing solid waste.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Esgotos , Temperatura Alta , Metais Pesados/análise , Reciclagem , Resíduos Sólidos
15.
N C Med J ; 81(5): 307-310, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900890

RESUMO

This commentary is adapted from the North Carolina Climate Science Report, led by the North Carolina Institute for Climate Studies, drawing from climate science expertise across the state and peer-reviewed research to reach conclusions about the impact of climate change and associated extreme weather on our state.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Clima Extremo , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Umidade , North Carolina , Chuva
16.
Oecologia ; 194(1-2): 251-265, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964292

RESUMO

Understanding how biological communities respond to climate change is a major challenge in ecology. The response of ectotherms to changes in temperature depends not only on their species-specific thermal tolerances but also on temperature-mediated interactions across different trophic levels. Warming is predicted to reinforce trophic cascades in linear aquatic food chains, but little is known about how warming might affect the lower trophic levels of food webs involving extensive fish omnivory, a common scenario in subtropical and tropical waterbodies. In this study, a mesocosm warming experiment was conducted involving a pelagic food chain (fish-zooplankton-phytoplankton) topped by the omnivorous bighead carp [Aristichthys nobilis (Richardson)]. We found that temperature elevation significantly enhanced the growth of fish and suppressed zooplankton, including both metazooplankton and ciliates, while abundances of phytoplankton, despite disruption of temporal dynamics, did not increase correspondingly-likely due to fish predation. Our results suggest that trophic cascades are less unlikely to be reinforced by warming in food chains involving significant omnivory. Moreover, we found that warming advanced the spring abundance peak of phytoplankton abundance and that of the parthenogenetic rotifer Brachionus quadridentatus; whereas, it had no effect on the only sexually reproducing copepod, Mesocyclops leuckarti, presumably due to its prolonged life history. Our study also confirmed that warming may lead to a phenological mismatch between some predators and their prey because of the distinct life histories among taxa, with potentially severe consequences for resource flow in the food chain, at least in the short term.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Plâncton , Animais , Biomassa , Cadeia Alimentar , Fitoplâncton , Zooplâncton
17.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0238361, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866211

RESUMO

The San Francisco Bay outflow creates a tidally influenced low-salinity plume that affects adjacent coastal sites. In the study region, Anthopleura elegantissima (Cnidaria; Anthozoa) hosts a single symbiont, the dinoflagellate Breviolum muscatinei. Salinity, temperature, and aerial stress induce a bleaching response similar to corals where symbionts are expelled, causing further energetic stress. Using field observations of environmental conditions and symbiont abundance at sites on a gradient of exposure to estuarine outflow, along with a fully crossed multifactorial lab experiment, we tested for changes in symbiont abundance in response to various combinations of three stressors. Lab experiments were designed to mimic short term outflow events with low salinity, high temperature, and aerial exposure treatments. The lab aerial exposure treatment was a statistically significant factor in suppressing symbiont repopulation (ANOVA, p = .017). In the field, symbiont density decreased with increasing tidal height at the site closest to freshwater outflow (ANOVA, p = .007), suggesting that aerial exposure may affect symbiont density more than sea surface temperature and salinity. Unanticipated documentation of survival in 9 months of sand burial and subsequent repopulation of symbionts is reported as a six-month extension to past observations, exemplifying strong tolerance to environmental insult in this Cnidarian mutualism. The study of this symbiosis is useful in examining predicted changes in ocean conditions in tidepool communities and considering relative sources of stress.


Assuntos
Antozoários/fisiologia , Dinoflagelados/fisiologia , Anêmonas-do-Mar/fisiologia , Simbiose/fisiologia , Animais , Água Doce , Temperatura Alta , São Francisco , Temperatura
18.
J Microbiol ; 58(10): 886-891, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989642

RESUMO

Various treatments and agents had been reported to inactivate RNA viruses. Of these, thermal inactivation is generally considered an effective and cheap method of sample preparation for downstream assays. The purpose of this study is to establish a safe inactivation method for SARS-CoV-2 without compromising the amount of amplifiable viral genome necessary for clinical diagnoses. In this study, we demonstrate the infectivity and genomic stability of SARSCoV- 2 by thermal inactivation at both 56°C and 65°C. The results substantiate that viable SARS-CoV-2 is readily inactivated when incubated at 56°C for 30 min or at 65°C for 10 min. qRT-PCR of specimens heat-inactivated at 56°C for 30 min or 65°C for 15 min revealed similar genomic RNA stability compared with non-heat inactivated specimens. Further, we demonstrate that 30 min of thermal inactivation at 56°C could inactivate viable viruses from clinical COVID-19 specimens without attenuating the qRT-PCR diagnostic sensitivity. Heat treatment of clinical specimens from COVID-19 patients at 56°C for 30 min or 65°C for 15 min could be a useful method for the inactivation of a highly contagious agent, SARS-CoV-2. Use of this method would reduce the potential for secondary infections in BSL2 conditions during diagnostic procedures. Importantly, infectious virus can be inactivated in clinical specimens without compromising the sensitivity of the diagnostic RT-PCR assay.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Inativação de Vírus , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Genoma Viral , Instabilidade Genômica , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , RNA Viral/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
19.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4812, 2020 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32968075

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is commonly diagnosed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect viral RNA in patient samples, but RNA extraction constitutes a major bottleneck in current testing. Methodological simplification could increase diagnostic availability and efficiency, benefitting patient care and infection control. Here, we describe methods circumventing RNA extraction in COVID-19 testing by performing RT-PCR directly on heat-inactivated or lysed samples. Our data, including benchmarking using 597 clinical patient samples and a standardised diagnostic system, demonstrate that direct RT-PCR is viable option to extraction-based tests. Using controlled amounts of active SARS-CoV-2, we confirm effectiveness of heat inactivation by plaque assay and evaluate various generic buffers as transport medium for direct RT-PCR. Significant savings in time and cost are achieved through RNA-extraction-free protocols that are directly compatible with established PCR-based testing pipelines. This could aid expansion of COVID-19 testing.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos , Benchmarking , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/normas , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Primers do DNA/genética , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/normas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/estatística & dados numéricos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Suécia/epidemiologia , Ensaio de Placa Viral/métodos
20.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 45(8): 671-5, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869580

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of acupuncture combined with western medicine in the treatment of children with abdominal Henoch-Schonlein purpura with spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome. METHODS: A total of 60 children with abdominal Henoch-Schonlein purpura with spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome were randomly divided into treatment group and control group, with 30 patients in each group. The patients in the control group were given Hydroprednisone 2 mg•kg-1•d-1, and in addition to the treatment in the control group, those in the treatment group were given acupuncture at Tianshu (ST25), Neiguan (PC6), Zusanli (ST36), Zhongwan (CV12), Qihai (CV6), and Sanyinjiao (SP6) once a day, with a needle retaining time of 15 minutes. Both groups were treated for 7 days. The scores of abdominal pain, hematochezia, hematemesis, vomiting, poor appetite, abdominal distension, purpura, occult blood in stool, and abdominal ultrasound were determined before and after treatment, and the time to the disappearance of abdominal pain was observed. Clinical outcome was evaluated. RESULTS: The treatment group had a significantly higher effective rate than the control group [96.7% (29/30) vs 80.0% (24/30), P<0.05]. Both groups had significant reductions in the scores of abdominal pain, hematochezia, hematemesis, poor appetite, abdominal distension, purpura, occult blood and abdominal ultrasound and the total score after treatment (P<0.05), and compared with the control group after treatment, the treatment group had significantly lower scores of abdominal pain, poor appetite, abdominal distension, and abdominal ultrasound and total score (P<0.05). The treatment group had a significantly shorter time to disappea-rance of abdominal pain than the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with western medicine has a better clinical effect than western medicine alone in the treatment of abdominal Henoch-Schonlein purpura with spleen-stomach damp-heat syndrome and can significantly improve clinical symptoms and signs and shorten the time to disappearance of abdominal pain.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch , Criança , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/terapia , Estômago , Resultado do Tratamento
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