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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253084, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345551

RESUMO

Abstract Repeatedly frying process of dietary edible oil has a potential role in the generation of free radicals. Therefore, questions have always been raised as to whether, there is an efficient and economical method to reduce the harmful effects of repeated use of frying edible oil. Since hibiscus has been stated to have a wide variety of therapeutic effects, it was important to investigate its properties against harmful effects of free radicals. The current study aspires to find out whether irradiated powder of hibiscus has a protective role against adverse effects of repeated use of frying edible oil. Thirty-five adult male albino rats were equally assigned into five groups. First group"G1" was fed with normal diet as control group, meanwhile, group"G2" the diet mixed with fresh oil, "G3" diet mixed with repeatedly frying oil only, "G4" diet mixed with frying oil treated with hibiscus and "G5" diet mixed with frying oil treated with irradiated hibiscus. Feeding duration was six weeks. Fatty acid analyses of oil as well as peroxide values were determined. Blood and liver samples were collected for biochemical analyses as well as histological study. Repeatedly heated cooked oil has significant increases in peroxide value, acid value, free fatty acid and both conjugated diene and triene compared with repeatedly frying oil treated with hibiscus. Also there are significant increases in cholesterol and triglyceride and impaired in liver functions in "G3"compared with others. In addition, relative to the hibiscus groups, there is a substantial reduction in oxygen consumption in "G3". Both hibiscus as well as irradiated hibiscus attract attention in order to play a vital and economical role against harmful effects of frequent use of frying edible oil on some biological functions but, irradiated hibiscus was more effective.


Resumo O processo de fritura repetida de óleo comestível da dieta tem papel potencial na geração de radicais livres que podem ter efeitos prejudiciais em algumas funções biológicas. Portanto, sempre se questionou se existe uma maneira eficiente e econômica de prevenir ou pelo menos reduzir os efeitos nocivos do uso repetido de óleo comestível para fritar. Como o hibisco tem ampla variedade de efeitos terapêuticos, foi importante investigar suas propriedades como agente antioxidante contra os efeitos nocivos dos radicais livres. O presente estudo pretende descobrir se o pó irradiado de hibisco tem papel protetor contra os efeitos adversos do uso repetido de óleo comestível para fritar. Trinta e cinco ratos albinos machos adultos foram divididos igualmente em cinco grupos. O primeiro grupo "G1" foi alimentado com dieta normal como grupo controle, enquanto o grupo "G2" dieta misturada com óleo fresco, dieta "G3" misturada com óleo de fritura repetida, dieta "G4" misturada com óleo de fritura tratada com hibisco e dieta "G5" misturada com óleo de fritura tratada com hibisco irradiado. A duração da alimentação foi de seis semanas. Foram determinadas as análises de ácidos graxos de óleo, bem como os valores de peróxidos. Amostras de sangue e fígado foram coletadas para análises bioquímicas e estudo histológico. O óleo cozido repetidamente aquecido tem aumentos significativos no valor de peróxido, valor de ácido, ácido graxo livre e dieno e trieno conjugados em comparação com óleo de fritura repetidamente tratado com hibisco. Também há aumentos significativos no colesterol e triglicérides e comprometimento das funções hepáticas no "G3" em comparação com outros. Além disso, em relação aos grupos de hibiscos, há uma redução substancial no consumo de oxigênio no "G3". Tanto o hibisco como o hibisco irradiado chamam atenção por desempenhar papel vital e econômico contra os efeitos nocivos do uso frequente de óleo comestível para fritar em algumas funções biológicas, mas o hibisco irradiado foi mais eficaz.


Assuntos
Animais , Ratos , Hibiscus , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Colesterol , Culinária , Temperatura Alta
2.
Food Chem ; 398: 133869, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964565

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the heterocyclic aromatic amine (HAA) formation inhibited by cyanidin and rutin in chemical modeling systems and smoked chicken drumsticks. In the PhIP and ß-carboline chemical modeling systems, cyanidin inhibited the PhIP, Harman, and Norharman formation while rutin inhibited the PhIP formation but promoted the Harman and Norharman formation compared with control sample (P < 0.05). A mechanistic investigation confirmed that inhibiting the PhIP formation by cyanidin was mainly through trapping phenylalanine, creatine, creatinine, glucose, phenylacetaldehyde, and an aldol condensation product. In the smoked chicken drumsticks, cyanidin inhibited the PhIP, Harman, and Norharman formation dose-dependently compared to the control sample (P < 0.05), with 2.0 % (w/v) cyanidin having the highest inhibitory effect. Moreover, cyanidin inhibited the formation of PhIP precursors and intermediates in the smoked chicken drumsticks. These results provide evidence for using phenolic compounds to reduce HAA formation in smoked meat products.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Compostos Heterocíclicos , Aminas/química , Animais , Antocianinas , Culinária/métodos , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Temperatura Alta , Carne/análise , Rutina , Fumaça
3.
Food Chem ; 398: 133925, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35987004

RESUMO

Blanching pretreatment can improve product quality and efficiency during food processing. Effects of hot-air microwave rolling blanching (HMRB) on physiochemical properties and microstructure of turmeric were investigated under various treatment times (0-10 min). Results showed that HMRB significantly changed weight, electrolyte leakage, texture, viscoelastic properties, pectin fractions content, thermal properties and drying quality of turmeric. Meanwhile, HMRB promoted the redistribution of water in turmeric and changed the cell structure, thus shortening drying time by 6.35-34.92 %. The polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase were entirely inactivated after blanching for 8 and 10 min, respectively. Compared with unblanched dried turmeric, the curcumin content, total phenolic, DPPH and ABTS were significantly increased by 20.76 %, 5.63 %, 7.54 % and 19.05 % at the optimal blanching time (8 min). Overall, HMRB can be used as a promising pretreatment technology to enhance the drying rate and improve the quality of dried turmeric.


Assuntos
Curcuma , Micro-Ondas , Ar , Dessecação/métodos , Temperatura Alta
4.
Food Chem ; 399: 133887, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36001929

RESUMO

Although the demand for meat analogues is increasing, aspects of the analogues' textural characteristics continue to be problematic. To solve these problems, a new technique for applying vacuum packaging and pressurized heat (i.e., vacuum-autoclaving) to low-moisture TSP has been proposed. An analysis of the morphological characteristics of the analogues showed that the vacuum-autoclaving treatment affected the packing structure of the materials. The density was increased by about 0.25 g/mL by vacuum-autoclaving, and the movement of water was restricted by the formation of a packed structure. The disulfide bonds increased by 3 µM/g or more and the ß-sheets and α-helixes increased by 7 % or more; this contributed to structural changes due to protein aggregation. The texturization index and hardness tended to decrease by more than 30 %, indicating a decrease in overall structural strength. The newly proposed technology has potential for use in the commercialization of meat analogues.


Assuntos
Embalagem de Alimentos , Proteínas de Soja , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Temperatura Alta , Carne/análise , Tecnologia , Vácuo
5.
Environ Pollut ; 302: 119054, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35219792

RESUMO

Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is among the most commonly per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) found in environmental samples. Nevertheless, the effect of this legacy persistent organic contaminant has never been investigated on corals to date. Corals are the keystone organisms of coral reef ecosystems and sensitive to rising ocean temperatures, but it is not understood how the combination of elevated temperature and PFOS exposure will affect them. Therefore, the aims of the present study were (1) to evaluate the time-dependent bioconcentration and depuration of PFOS in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata using a range of PFOS exposure concentrations, and (2) to assess the individual and combined effects of PFOS exposure and elevated seawater temperature on key physiological parameters of the corals. Our results show that the coral S. pistillata rapidly bioconcentrates PFOS from the seawater and eliminates it 14 days after ceasing the exposure. We also observed an antagonistic effect between elevated temperature and PFOS exposure. Indeed, a significantly reduced PFOS bioconcentration was observed at high temperature, likely due to a loss of symbionts and a higher removal of mucus compared to ambient temperature. Finally, concentrations of PFOS consistent with ranges observed in surface waters were non-lethal to corals, in the absence of other stressors. However, PFOS increased lipid peroxidation in coral tissue, which is an indicator of oxidative stress and enhanced the thermal stress-induced impairment of coral physiology. This study provides valuable insights into the combined effects of PFOS exposure and ocean warming for coral's physiology. PFOS is usually the most prevalent but not the only PFAS defected in reef waters, and thus it will be also important to monitor PFAS mixture concentrations in the oceans and to study their combined effects on aquatic wildlife.


Assuntos
Antozoários , Fluorcarbonetos , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Animais , Antozoários/fisiologia , Recifes de Corais , Ecossistema , Fluorcarbonetos/toxicidade , Temperatura Alta , Estresse Oxidativo
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15110, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068282

RESUMO

Ambient temperature-associated stress has been shown to affect the normal physiological functions of birds. The recent literature indicated that both, embryonic thermal manipulation (ETM) and in ovo feeding (IOF) of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) can mitigate the deleterious effects of heat stress (HS) in young broiler chicks. Therefore, this study intended to assess the effects of cyclic HS (32 ± 1 °C, 4 h/day from day 29 to 35) on rectal temperatures (RTs) and survival in broiler chickens after ETM and in IOF of GABA. A total of 275 RT data points and survival data were collected from chicks assigned to the following five treatments: chicks hatched from control eggs (CON); chicks hatched from control eggs but exposed to HS (CON + HS); chicks hatched from eggs injected at 17.5 days of incubation with 0.6 mL of 10% GABA and exposed to HS (G10 + HS); chicks hatched from thermally manipulated eggs (39.6 °C, 6 h/day from embryonic days 10 to 18) and exposed to HS (TM + HS); chicks hatched from eggs that received both previous treatments during incubation and exposed to HS (G10 + TM + HS). Under thermoneutral conditions, RTs increased quadratically from 39.9 ± 0.2 °C at hatching to 41.4 ± 0.1 °C at 8 days of age. When exposed to cyclic HS during the last week of rearing, the birds' RTs tended to decrease at the end of the heat stress challenge (from 43.0 ± 0.2 °C on day 29 to 42.4 ± 0.1 °C on day 35). A stepwise Cox regression indicated that treatment was predictive of birds' survival. Hazard ratios (HR) and their confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to assess the likelihood of death during the trial. The birds, belonging to the G10 + TM + HS group, were less likely to die under HS (HR 0.11, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.91, P = 0.041) compared to the CON + HS birds. Taken together, the combination of ETM and GABA IOF may help mitigate the drawbacks of cyclic HS by improving the survival of broilers.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor , Animais , Temperatura Corporal , Galinhas/fisiologia , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/veterinária , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Temperatura Alta , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico
7.
BMC Res Notes ; 15(1): 295, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071470

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of heat inactivation and chemical bulklysis on SARS-CoV-2 detection. RESULTS: About 6.2% (5/80) of samples were changed to negative results in heat inactivation at 60 °C and about 8.7% (7/80) of samples were changed to negative in heat inactivation at 100 °C. The Ct values of heat-inactivated samples (at 60 °C, at 100 °C, and bulk lysis) were significantly different from the temperature at 56 °C. The effect of heat on Ct value should be considered when interpreting diagnostic PCR results from clinical samples which could have an initial low virus concentration. The efficacy of heat-inactivation varies greatly depending on temperature and duration. Local validation of heat-inactivation and its effects is therefore essential for molecular testing.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transcrição Reversa , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Teste para COVID-19 , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , SARS-CoV-2/genética
8.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 23(7): 248, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056201

RESUMO

This study aimed to formulate and optimize solid-dispersion of meloxicam (MX) employing response-surface-methodology (RSM). RSM allowed identification of the main effects and interactions between studied factors on MX dissolution and acceleration of the optimization process. 33 full factorial design with 27 different formulations was proposed. Effects of drug loading percentage (A), carriers' ratio (B), method of preparation (C), and their interactions on percent MX dissolved after 10 and 30 min (Q10min & Q30min) from fresh and stored samples were studied in distilled water. The considered levels were 2.5%, 5.0%, and 7.5% (factor A), three ratios of Soluplus®/Poloxamer-407 (factor B). Physical mixture (PM), fusion method (FM), and hot-melt-extrusion (HME) were considered factor (C). Stability studies were carried out for 3 months under stress conditions. The proposed optimization design was validated by 3-extra checkpoints formulations. The optimized formulation was selected via numerical optimization and investigated by DSC, XRD, PLM, and in vitro dissolution study. Results showed that HME technique gave the highest MX dissolution rate compared to other techniques (FM & PM). At constant level of factor (C), the amount of MX dissolved increased by decreasing MX loading and increasing Soluplus in carriers' ratio. Actual responses of the optimized formulation were in close consistency with predicted data. Amorphous form of MX in the optimized formulation was proved by DSC, XRD, and PLM. Selected factors and their levels of the optimization design were significantly valuable for demonstrating and adapting the expected formulation characteristics for rapid dissolution of MX (Q10min= 89.09%) from fresh and stored samples.


Assuntos
Química Farmacêutica , Tecnologia de Extrusão por Fusão a Quente , Química Farmacêutica/métodos , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Temperatura Alta , Meloxicam , Solubilidade
9.
Environ Monit Assess ; 194(10): 736, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068446

RESUMO

The increase in the urban heat island is caused by the replacement of vegetation cover by impervious surfaces. As the population of Addis Ababa City has increased dramatically, the vegetation cover and other land cover classes have been converted into built-up areas. This study attempted to examine the relationship between urban heat islands and urban thermal comfort (UTCL) and land use and land cover (LULC) change using geospatial technologies in Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia. Landsat TM 1991, Landsat ETM + 2005, and Landsat OLI/TIRS 2021 data were used in this study. During the study period, LULC change, land surface temperature (LST), and urban heat island were calculated using the multispectral and thermal infrared bands (1991-2021). Results revealed that the built-up area in 1991 was 96.6 km2 (18.3%), and increased to 165.4 km2 (31.4%) and 277.2 km2 (52.6%) by 2005 and 2021, respectively. In contrast, agriculture and vegetation land cover classes were declined by 66.8 km2 and 25.7 km2, respectively between 1991 and 2021. Rapid conversion of LULC change increases the mean LST of Addis Ababa City by 8.3 °C over the last three decades. According to the results, a high LST was recorded over built-up regions and areas with little vegetative cover. Furthermore, the central areas of the study area suffered a greater UHI effect than the surrounding areas. The results of the urban thermal field variance index (UTFVI) revealed that the UHI varies greatly across the city. Strong, stronger, and strongest urban heat islands dominated the central, southwestern, and southeastern suburbans of the study area, respectively. The excellent comfort level has declined from 16.3 km2 (3.1%) in 1991 to 12.1 km2 (2.3%) in 2021. The study proposed that local community awareness needs to be raised for environmental conservation through the establishment of urban green spaces that reduce UHI and increase comfort in Addis Ababa City.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Urbanização , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Etiópia
10.
Int J Esthet Dent ; 17(3): 252-253, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047883
11.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273909, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048867

RESUMO

This study investigated whether heat acclimation (HA) could improve rowing performance in temperate conditions in national-level rowers. Using a parallel-group design, eleven rowers (3 female, 8 male, age: 21±3 years, height: 182.3±6.8cm, mass: 79.2±9.0kg, [Formula: see text]: 61.4±5.1ml·kg·min-1) completed either a HA intervention (HEAT, n = 5) or acted as controls (CON, n = 6). The intervention replaced usual cross-training sessions and consisted of an hour of submaximal cycling or rowing ergometry in either 34±0°C for HEAT or 14±1°C for CON daily over two five-day blocks (10 sessions total), separated by 72h. Participants performed the '10+4' test that consists of 10-min submaximal rowing and a 4-min time-trial (TT) in temperate conditions (20±0°C) before and after the intervention. Heat acclimation following the 10-session intervention was evidenced by large significant (p<0.05) decreases in maximum tympanic temperature (d = -1.68) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) (d = -2.26), and a large significant increase in sweat loss (d = 0.91). Large non-significant (p>0.05) decreases were seen in average tympanic temperature (d = -3.08) and average heart rate (d = -1.53) in HEAT from session 2 to session 10 of the intervention. Furthermore, a large significant increase was seen in plasma volume (d = 3.74), with large significant decreases in haemoglobin concentration (d = -1.78) and hematocrit (d = -12.9). Following the intervention, large non-significant increases in respiratory exchange ratio (d = 0.87) and blood lactate (d = 1.40) as well as a large non-significant decrease in RPE (d = -1.23) were seen in HEAT during the 10-min submaximal rowing. A large significant decrease in peak heart rate (d = -2.27), as well as a large non-significant decrease in relative [Formula: see text] (d = -0.90) and large non-significant increases in respiratory exchange ratio (d = 1.18), blood lactate concentration (d = 1.25) and power output (d = 0.96) were seen in HEAT during the 4-min TT. This study suggests that a 10-session HA intervention may elicit HA in national-level rowers, with potential to improve 4-min TT performance in temperate conditions.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Esportes Aquáticos , Aclimatação , Adolescente , Adulto , Ergometria , Feminino , Humanos , Lactatos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Chem Phys ; 157(8): 084702, 2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050018

RESUMO

The transfer of heat from a plasmonic nanoparticle to its water environment has numerous applications in the fields of solar energy conversion and photothermal therapies. Here, we use nonequilibrium molecular dynamics to investigate the size dependence of the interfacial thermal conductance of gold nanoparticles immersed in water and with tunable wettability. The interfacial thermal conductance is found to increase when the nanoparticle size decreases. We rationalize such a behavior with a generalized acoustic model, where the interfacial bonding decreases with the nanoparticle size. The analysis of the interfacial thermal spectrum reveals the importance of the low frequency peak of the nanoparticle spectrum as it matches relatively well the oxygen peak in the vibrational spectrum. However, by reducing the nanoparticle size, the low frequency peak is exacerbated, explaining the enhanced heat transfer observed for small nanoparticles. Finally, we assess the accuracy of the continuum heat transfer equations to describe the thermal relaxation of small nanoparticles with initial high temperatures. We show that, before the nanoparticle loses its integrity, the continuum model succeeds in describing with small percentage deviations the molecular dynamics data. This work brings a simple methodology to understand, beyond the plasmonic nanoparticles, thermal boundary conductance between a nanoparticle and its environment.


Assuntos
Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Temperatura Alta , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Água
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15145, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071118

RESUMO

Phase transitions abound in nature and society, and, from species extinction to stock market collapse, their prediction is of widespread importance. In earlier work we showed that Global Transfer Entropy, a general measure of information flow, was found to peaks away from the transition on the disordered side for the Ising model, a canonical second order transition. Here we show that (a) global transfer entropy also peaks on the disordered side of the transition of finite first order transitions, such as ecology dynamics on coral reefs, which have latent heat and no correlation length divergence, and (b) analysis of information flow across state boundaries unifies both transition orders. We obtain the first information-theoretic result for the high-order Potts model and the first demonstration of early warning of a first order transition. The unexpected earlier finding that global transfer entropy peaks on the disordered side of a transition is also found for finite first order systems, albeit not in the thermodynamic limit. By noting that the interface length of clusters in each phase is the dominant region of information flow, we unify the information theoretic behaviour of first and second order transitions.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Entropia , Transição de Fase , Termodinâmica
14.
Ultrasonics ; 126: 106835, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049343

RESUMO

Percussive ultrasonic drills participate in asteroid exploration missions. Since space environments are complex and working loads vary dramatically, it is necessary to design a drive that better matches the percussive ultrasonic drill to make it achieve high-speed drilling with low power consumption. Impedance characteristics under different load conditions and the load varying in one drilling cycle are investigated based on analyzing the working principle of the percussive ultrasonic drill. An ultrasonic drill driver with automatic scanning resonant frequency and digital phase-locked loop frequency tracking control is designed according to the load characteristics. Series capacitance impedance matching ultrasonic drills is experimentally studied. Vibration amplitude and impedance characteristics of the ultrasonic drill driven by the designed driver are measured to evaluate the frequency tracking ability and the impedance matching. Finally, ultrasonic drilling experiments are conducted in room, low, and high temperature environments to investigate the driving performance. Under room temperature and 5 N drilling pressure, the speed of ultrasonic drilling into soft sandstone is 52 mm/min, and the power consumption is less than 70 W. The experimental results indicate that the designed driver can drive the percussive ultrasonic drill to achieve stable and high-speed drilling with low power consumption and low drilling pressure.


Assuntos
Temperatura Alta , Ultrassom , Impedância Elétrica
15.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5292, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075913

RESUMO

Extreme temperature events are increasing in frequency and intensity due to climate change. Such events threaten insects, including pollinators, pests and disease vectors. Insect critical thermal limits can be enhanced through acclimation, yet evidence that plasticity aids survival at extreme temperatures is limited. Here, using meta-analyses across 1374 effect sizes, 74 studies and 102 species, we show that thermal limit plasticity is pervasive but generally weak: per 1 °C rise in acclimation temperature, critical thermal maximum increases by 0.09 °C; and per 1 °C decline, critical thermal minimum decreases by 0.15 °C. Moreover, small but significant publication bias suggests that the magnitude of plasticity is marginally overestimated. We find juvenile insects are more plastic than adults, highlighting that physiological responses of insects vary through ontogeny. Overall, we show critical thermal limit plasticity is likely of limited benefit to insects during extreme climatic events, yet we need more studies in under-represented taxa and geographic regions.


Assuntos
Aclimatação , Insetos , Aclimatação/fisiologia , Animais , Mudança Climática , Temperatura Alta , Insetos/fisiologia , Temperatura
16.
Molecules ; 27(17)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080423

RESUMO

The diverse utilization of pyrolysis liquid is closely related to its chemical compositions. Several factors affect PA compositions during the preparation. In this study, multivariate statistical analysis was conducted to assess PA compositions data obtained from published paper and experimental data. Results showed the chemical constituents were not significantly different in different feedstock materials. Acids and phenolics contents were 31.96% (CI: 25.30-38.62) and 26.50% (CI: 21.43-31.57), respectively, accounting for 58.46% (CI: 46.72-70.19) of the total relative contents. When pyrolysis temperatures range increased to above 350 °C, acids and ketones contents decreased by more than 5.2-fold and 1.53-fold, respectively, whereas phenolics content increased by more than 2.1-fold, and acetic acid content was the highest, reaching 34.16% (CI: 25.55-42.78). Correlation analysis demonstrated a significantly negative correlation between acids and phenolics (r2 = -0.43, p < 0.001) and significantly positive correlation between ketones and alcohols (r2 = 0.26, p < 0.05). The pyrolysis temperatures had a negative linear relationship with acids (slope = -0.07, r2 = 0.16, p < 0.001) and aldehydes (slope = -0.02, r2 = 0.09, p < 0.05) and positive linear relationship with phenolics (slope = 0.04, r2 = 0.07, p < 0.05). This study provides a theoretical reference of PA application.


Assuntos
Cetonas , Pirólise , Biomassa , Temperatura Alta , Análise Multivariada , Temperatura
17.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 34(7): 777-781, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100422

RESUMO

With global warming and frequent heat waves, the incidence of heat-related-illness has gradually increased, and heatstroke is the most serious clinical syndrome, with high mortality and incidence of sequelae. Effective heatstroke warning aims to reduce the incidence and the harm of heatstroke by monitoring certain parameters and forecasting the possibility of suffering heat illness, however, there is no unified summary of the heatstroke early warning system at present. The occurrence of heatstroke involves two key aspects: climate environment and individual susceptibility, and individual susceptibility is manifested as the difference in heat tolerance ability. This article represents the current early warning system of heatstroke from climate environment, such as effective temperature, heat index, wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index, somatosensory temperature, etc., and individual susceptibility, for the reference of research and development in this field.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse por Calor , Golpe de Calor , Clima , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/complicações , Golpe de Calor/complicações , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Temperatura
18.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(7): 1993-2000, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052804

RESUMO

The Pearl River Delta Urban Agglomeration (PRDUA) is a highly urbanized region in China. The urbanized climate, especially the heat island effect, has a significant impact on urban ecosystems and habitats. Based on MODIS land surface temperature (LST) data and land cover data in 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015, and 2019, we quantified the land surface thermal environment and ecosystem service value (ESV), analyzed the decoupling between LST and ESV in the PRDUA from 2000 to 2019 using the decoupling analysis model, revealed the trade-off between them, and analyzed the spatiotemporal variation of the synergistic state between LST and ESV in PRDUA. The results showed that, from 2000 to 2019, the spatial pattern of land surface thermal environment in the PRDUA was relatively stable in time series but showed spatial variation with high fluctuation in the core area and low fluctuation in the peripheral area. The ESV of the PRDUA showed a trend of stable spatial distribution and decreasing in time series. The ESV of all the nine cities in PRDUA decreased by more than 9%. The decoupling between land surface thermal environment and the overall ESV of the PRDUA, as well as with the values of provisioning, regulating and support services, was dominated by weak negative decoupling and strong negative decoupling, showing a more significant trade-off, which indicated that the ecosystems of the PRDUA were still significantly influenced by the environmental characteristics of urbanization, and that the spatiotemporal variation of the decoupling states was related to the spatial variation of urbanization levels in PRDUA. The formulation of future ecological policies in the PRDUA must consider the differences in urbanization levels and the differences in the trade-offs between urbanized environments and ecosystems to precisely formulate ecological control and restoration plans and improve the efficiency and implementation effects of ecological planning.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Rios , China , Cidades , Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Temperatura Alta , Urbanização
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077182

RESUMO

Paraprobiotics, inactivated microbial cells, regulate immune system and exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities in patients with weakened immunity or the elderly. This study evaluated the anti-tumor effects of heat-killed Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus on human gastric cancer MKN1 cells in vitro and in vivo in xenograft animal models. First, cytotoxicity and apoptosis in MKN1 cells of 11 different heat-killed Bifidobacterium or Lactobacillus strains were examined using the MTT assay or flow cytometry, respectively. Then, BALB/c nude mice xenograft animal models were implanted with human gastric cancer MKN1 cells and orally administered a selected single or a mixture of heat-killed bacterial strains to investigate their inhibitory effect on tumor growth. In addition, the expression of p-Akt, p53, Bax, Bak, cleaved caspase-9, -3, and PARP in the tumor tissues was analyzed using Western blotting assay or immunohistochemistry staining. The results show that heat-killed B. bifidum MG731 (MG731), L. reuteri MG5346 (MG5346), and L. rhamnosus MG5200 (MG5200) induced relatively greater apoptosis than other strains in MKN1 cells. Oral administration of a single dose or a mixture of MG731, MG5346, or MG5200 significantly delayed tumor growth, and MG731 had the most effective anti-tumor effect in the xenograft model. Protein expression of p-Akt, p53, Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and -9, and PARP in tumors derived from the xenograft model correlated with the results of the immunohistochemistry staining.


Assuntos
Bifidobacterium bifidum , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose , Bifidobacterium bifidum/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Xenoenxertos , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
20.
Food Res Int ; 160: 111728, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076417

RESUMO

Phenolic antioxidants are phytochemical components in wheat grains that provide a variety of potential health benefits. The metabolites and antioxidant activity of fresh, mature, and heat-treated, wheat grains with black, blue, purple, and white grain coats were identified by targeted and non-targeted metabolomics. The total phenolic (TPC) and flavonoid contents (TFC) and antioxidant activity (AOA) increased with the darkening of grain color, the general trend being black > purple > blue > white. Purple and black wheat are rich in rutin (3916 µg/kg and 3066 µg/kg, respectively) and peonidin-3-O-glucoside chloride (2595 µg/kg and 1740 µg/kg, respectively), while blue wheat is rich in luteolin (2076 µg/kg). In most cases, TPC, TFC, and AOA had the greatest values in fresh grains and the lowest values in mature grains. Using non-targeted metabolomics, a total of 866 metabolites were identified in the tested fresh wheat grains, 106 flavonoids and 39 phenolic acids. In total, the relative abundance of flavonoids in purple and black wheat was higher than in blue wheat, indicating a higher nutritional value of fresh black and purple grains. After heat processing, the content of most metabolites decreased in heat-treated purple grain, whereas heat treatment significantly increased the content of peonidin-3-O-glucoside chloride (2.27-fold) and cynaroside (12.01-fold). This study clarifies that seed coat color and processing treatments impact the metabolite contents and antioxidant activity of wheat grains, providing valuable information for improving the nutritional quality of food during processing.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Triticum , Antioxidantes/análise , Cloretos , Grão Comestível/química , Flavonoides/química , Temperatura Alta , Fenóis/análise , Triticum/química
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