Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 253.017
Filtrar
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e253436, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355870

RESUMO

Abstract The in vitro sporulation of Didymella bryoniae is of great importance for studies that require pure inoculum and in large quantities. Thus, the objectives of this study were to identify the best condition for D. bryoniae sporulation combining different light spectra (UV-A or UV-B light, white light, and continuous dark), with distinct culture media (PDA, V8, ML, and PDAB) and, to evaluate fungus' survivability stored at -20°C over time. The fungus samples were only able to sporulate when subjected to the UV-B light treatment, regardless of the culture medium. The highest appearance of spores conidium type was observed in the PDAB medium, and the lowest production occurred in the ML medium. Reproductive structures, such as perithecia and pycnidia, were observed in all culture media. However, there was considerable variation in the amount of each structure between the different culture media. The ML and V8 media showed a greater number of perithecia and the PDA and PDAB media presented a greater proportion of pycnidia compared to perithecia. The storage duration at -20°C did not affect mycelial growth or mycelial growth rate. In conclusion, the UV-B light is essential for D. bryoniae in vitro sporulation. Moreover, the culture medium composition influences the type of fungal structure produced, as well as spores' size and quantity. Freezing at -20°C is an efficient technique that can be used to store D. bryoniae for at least five months without loss of viability.


Resumo A esporulação de Didymella bryoniae in vitro é de grande importância para estudos que requerem inóculo puro e em grandes quantidades. Assim, os objetivos deste estudo foram identificar a melhor condição para esporulação de D. bryoniae combinando diferentes espectros de luz (luz UV-A ou UV-B, luz branca e escuro contínuo) com distintos meios de cultura (PDA, V8, ML e PDAB) e, avaliar a sobrevivência do fungo armazenado a -20°C ao longo do tempo. As amostras de fungo só esporularam quando submetidas ao tratamento com luz UV-B, independentemente do meio de cultura. Maior aparecimento de esporos do tipo conídio foi observado no meio PDAB, e a menor produção ocorreu no meio ML. Estruturas reprodutivas, como peritécios e picnídeos, foram observadas em todos os meios de cultura. No entanto, houve uma variação considerável na quantidade de cada estrutura entre os diferentes meios de cultura. Os meios ML e V8 apresentaram maior número de peritécios e os meios PDA e PDAB apresentaram maior proporção de picnídeos em relação aos peritécios. A duração do armazenamento a -20°C não afetou o crescimento micelial ou a taxa de crescimento micelial. Em conclusão, a luz UV-B é essencial para a esporulação de D. bryoniae in vitro. Além disso, a composição do meio de cultura influencia o tipo de estrutura fúngica produzida, bem como o tamanho e a quantidade dos esporos. O congelamento a -20°C é uma técnica eficiente que pode ser usada para armazenar D. bryoniae por pelo menos cinco meses sem perda de viabilidade


Assuntos
Ascomicetos , Esporos Fúngicos , Temperatura , Micélio
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252845, 2024. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355877

RESUMO

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate whether skeletal development of the Pantanal Caiman (Caiman yacare) is similarly influenced by temperature variation and controlled increases in embryo motility. All eggs were incubated at 90% humidity and 29 °C for the first 45 days. Thereafter, the incubation temperature was either maintained at 29 °C and embryos were treated with 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on days 46, 47, 48, and 49 (Group I, 29 °C 4-AP, n = 15); maintained at 29 °C (n = 14; Group II); or at 33 °C (n = 14, Group III). Embryonic movement was measured using an Egg Buddy® digital monitor on days 30, 35, 42, 49, 56, and 60, at which point embryos were euthanized and samples were collected for analysis. No differences were observed between groups with varying incubation temperatures. In contrast, embryonic motility was greater in embryos treated with 4-AP (P < 0.001) on day 49, and this was associated with higher proportions of snout-vent and hand lengths. This study demonstrates for the first time that pharmacologically induced increases in embryo motility result in phenotypic changes to the proportion of elements during prenatal ontogeny, thereby effectively altering the adaptation of the species to specific environments.


Resumo Este estudo objetivou avaliar os efeitos da temperatura e motilidade embrionária sobre o desenvolvimento esquelético de jacaré-do-pantanal (Caiman yacare). Os ovos foram incubados com 90% de umidade e empregou-se a temperatura de 29°C por 45 dias. Após, para a incubação do Grupo I a temperatura continuou em 29°C, mas associou-se à injeção de 4-aminopiridina (29°C-4AP, n = 15) aplicada nos dias 46, 47, 48 e 49, do Grupo II permaneceu em 29°C (n = 14) e do Grupo III elevou-se para 33°C (n = 14). A movimentação foi mensurada através do monitor digital Egg Buddy® nos dias 30, 35, 42, 49, 56 e 60 dias. Aos 60 dias, os embriões foram eutanasiados e coletadas amostras embrionárias. Na análise estatística não foram observadas diferenças entre os grupos para o fator temperatura sobre a motilidade embrionária no desenvolvimento esquelético. Em contraste, a motilidade evidenciou diferença estatística no dia 49 para o Grupo I (P < 0,001) e apresentou maiores proporções de nariz e mão. Esses dados demonstraram pela primeira vez que o aumento na motilidade, induzidos farmacologicamente resultam em divergências fenotípicas na proporção de segmentos anatômicos durante a ontogenia pré-natal, podendo alterar efetivamente a adaptação dos animais em ambientes específicos.


Assuntos
Animais , Jacarés e Crocodilos , Temperatura
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245206, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339387

RESUMO

Abstract A huge amount of rice cultivation and consumption occur in Asia particularly in Pakistan and China. However, multiple abiotic stresses especially high and low-temperature proved to be a substantial threat for rice production ultimately risks for food security. To overcome various types of abiotic stress; seed priming is among the effective approaches to improve the rice seed germination and growth vigor. Therefore, the present study was planned to evaluate physiological and biochemical modifications in Chinese and Pakistani rice varieties by Qiangdi 863 biological assistant growth apparatus nano treated water (NTW), Osmopriming Calcium chloride (CaCl2), redox priming hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and hormonal priming by Salicylic acid (SA) under temperature stress conditions. The experiment was performed with completely randomize design conditions. Five rice varieties, nomenclature as Zhongzoa 39, (Chinese rice variety) KSK 133, KS 282, Super basmati and PK 1121 aromatic (Pakistani rice variety) were sown under low temperature (LT) (17ºC), optimal temperature (OT) 27ºC and high temperature (HT) 37ºC conditions. The present study indicated that nanopriming were the most effective treatments increased Germination Energy Percentage (GEP) (96.1, 100, 100%), Speed of Germination (SG) (27.2, 35.45, 37.1), Final Germination Percentage (FGP) (98.2, 99.1, 99.4%), Seedling Dry Weight Biomass (DWB) (0.1, 0.137, 0.14g), Total Chlorophyll Content (0.502, 13.74, 15.21), antioxidant enzymes Superoxide Dismutase (SOD)(3145, 2559, 3345 µg-1FWh-1), Catalase (CAT) (300, 366, 3243 µg-1FWh-1) and decreased Malondialdehyde (MDA) (6.5, 12.2, 6.5 µmol g-1 FW) for Zhongzao 39 and KSK 133 rice varieties under low (LT+NTW), optimal temperature (OP+NTW) and high temperature (HT+NTW) stress., Therefore, nano-priming is recommended to cope with the high and low-temperature stress conditions along with improved productivity of rice.


Resumo Cultivo e consumo de arroz ocorrem em grandes quantidades na Ásia, particularmente no Paquistão e na China. No entanto, vários estresses abióticos, especialmente de alta e baixa temperatura, provaram ser uma ameaça considerável para a produção de arroz, em última análise, riscos para a segurança alimentar. Para superar vários tipos de estresse abiótico, o priming de sementes está entre as abordagens eficazes que melhoram a germinação e o vigor de crescimento das sementes de arroz. Portanto, o presente estudo foi planejado para avaliar as modificações fisiológicas e bioquímicas em variedades de arroz chinês e paquistanês por Qiangdi 863, aparelho assistente biológico de crescimento com água nanotratada (NTW), Osmopriming cloreto de cálcio (CaCl2), peróxido de hidrogênio redox (H2O2) e priming hormonal por ácido salicílico (SA) em condições de estresse de temperatura. O experimento foi realizado em condições de delineamento inteiramente ao acaso. Cinco variedades de arroz, nomenclaturas como Zhongzoa 39 (variedade de arroz chinês), KSK 133, KS 282, Super basmati e PK 1121 aromático (variedade de arroz do Paquistão) foram semeadas sob baixa temperatura (LT) (17 ºC), temperatura ótima (OT) 27 ºC e condições de alta temperatura (HT) 37 ºC. O presente estudo indicou que nanocondicionamento foi o tratamento mais eficaz: aumento da porcentagem de energia de germinação (GEP) (96,1%, 100%, 100%), velocidade de germinação (SG) (27,2, 35,45, 37,1), porcentagem de germinação final (FGP) (98,2%, 99,1%, 99,4%), biomassa de peso seco de mudas (DWB) (0,1 g, 0,137 g, 0,14 g), conteúdo total de clorofila (0,502, 13,74, 15,21), enzimas antioxidantes superóxido dismutase (SOD) (3145, 2559, 3345 µg-1FWh- 1), catalase (CAT) (300, 366, 3243 µg-1FWh-1) e malondialdeído diminuído (MDA) (6,5, 12,2, 6,5 µmol g-1 FW) para as variedades de arroz Zhongzao 39 e KSK 133 sob baixo (LT + NTW), temperatura ótima (OP + NTW) e estresse de alta temperatura (HT + NTW). Portanto, o nanopriming é recomendado para lidar com as condições de estresse de alta e baixa temperatura, juntamente com a produtividade aprimorada do arroz.


Assuntos
Oryza , Sementes , Estresse Fisiológico , Temperatura , Germinação , Plântula , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e250879, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339383

RESUMO

Abstract In the state of São Paulo, the main sugarcane producing region of the world, two species of scale insects have frequently occurred, Aclerda takahashii (Kuwana, 1932) (Hemiptera: Aclerdidae) and Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell, 1895) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). To map the distribution and abundance of these species, 17 sugarcane producing fields, distributed in six mesoregions in São Paulo, were evaluated in August 2017 and, January, February, June and July 2018 during the ripening phase. The study on the seasonality of these species, by the presence or absence of the scale insects during the phenological cycle of the plant, was conducted between August 2017 and July 2018 in two sugarcane producing fields in the municipality of Jaboticabal, São Paulo, Brazil. The presence of S. sacchari was found in all the analyzed locations, and A. takahashii in twelve. Both scale insects showed significant difference of infestation in the node's region of the stems during the ripening phase in one of the studied locations. The aclerdid presented significant difference by infestation in one site during the ripening phase of the plant. The pseudococcid infested a greater number of nodes in the following phases of development; vegetative, grand growth and ripening in both studied areas, but it was in one site during the ripening phase that presented the greatest difference. Although the pink sugarcane mealybug was more abundant than A. takahashii in both studies, there were no patterns of relationships between the numbers of individuals to geographical locations and temperature.


Resumo No estado de São Paulo, principal região produtora de cana-de-açúcar do mundo, duas espécies de cochonilhas têm ocorrido frequentemente, Aclerda takahashii (Kuwana, 1932) (Hemiptera: Aclerdidae) e Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell, 1895) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Para mapear a distribuição e abundância destas espécies, 17 regiões produtoras de cana-de-açúcar, distribuídas em seis mesorregiões de São Paulo, foram avaliadas em agosto de 2017 e janeiro, fevereiro, junho e julho de 2018, durante a fase de maturação. O estudo da sazonalidade destas espécies, pela presença ou ausência das cochonilhas durante o ciclo fenológico da planta, foi conduzido entre agosto de 2017 e julho de 2018 em duas regiões produtoras de cana-de-açúcar no município de Jaboticabal, São Paulo, Brasil. Saccharicoccus sacchari foi encontrada em todas as localidades analisadas, e A. takahashii em 12. Ambas cochonilhas mostraram diferença significativa de infestação na região dos nós dos colmos durante a fase de maturação em uma das localidades estudadas. O aclerdídeo apresentou diferença significativa pela infestação em uma localidade durante a fase de maturação da planta. O pseudococcídeo infestou um grande número de nós nas seguintes fases de desenvolvimento; perfilhamento, crescimento vegetativo e maturação em ambas áreas estudadas, mas foi em uma localidade durante a fase de maturação que apresentou a maior diferença. Embora a cochonilha rosada da cana-de-açúcar foi mais abundante do que A. takahashii em ambos estudos, não houve padrões de relações entre o número de indivíduos com a localização geográfica e temperatura.


Assuntos
Humanos , Animais , Saccharum , Hemípteros , Temperatura , Brasil , Produtos Agrícolas
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243629, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285611

RESUMO

Abstract As an important enzyme, xylanase is widely used in the food, pulp, and textile industry. Different applications of xylanase warrant specific conditions including temperature and pH. This study aimed to carry out sodium alginate beads as carrier to immobilize previous reported mutated xylanase from Neocallimastix patriciarum which expressed in E. coli, the activity of immobilization of mutated xylanase was elevated about 4% at pH 6 and 13% at 62 °C. Moreover, the immobilized mutated xylanase retained a greater proportion of its activity than the wide type in thermostability. These properties suggested that the immobilization of mutated xylanase has potential to apply in biobleaching industry.


Resumo Como importante enzima, a xilanase é amplamente utilizada na indústria alimentícia, de celulose e têxtil. Diferentes aplicações de xilanase garantem condições específicas, incluindo temperatura e pH. Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar grânulos de alginato de sódio como carreador para imobilizar xilanase mutada relatada anteriormente de Neocallimastix patriciarum que expressa em E. coli, a atividade de imobilização da xilanase mutada foi elevada em cerca de 4% em pH 6 e 13% a 62 °C. Além disso, a xilanase mutada imobilizada reteve uma proporção maior de sua atividade do que o tipo amplo em termoestabilidade. Essas propriedades sugerem que a imobilização da xilanase mutada tem potencial para aplicação na indústria de biobranqueamento.


Assuntos
Neocallimastix , Temperatura , Escherichia coli/genética
6.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243874, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285606

RESUMO

Abstract In recent days, cheapest alternative carbon source for fermentation purpose is desirable to minimize production cost. Xylanases have become attractive enzymes as their potential in bio-bleaching of pulp and paper industry. The objective of the present study was to identify the potential ability on the xylanase production by locally isolated Bacillus pumilus BS131 by using waste fiber sludge and wheat bran media under submerged fermentation. Culture growth conditions were optimized to obtain significant amount of xylanase. Maximum xylanase production was recorded after 72 hours of incubation at 30 °C and 7 pH with 4.0% substrate concentration. In the nutshell, the production of xylanase using inexpensive waste fiber sludge and wheat-bran as an alternative in place of expensive xylan substrate was more cost effective and environment friendly.


Resumo Nos últimos dias, a fonte alternativa de carbono mais barata para fins de fermentação é desejável para minimizar o custo de produção. As xilanases têm se tornado enzimas atraentes como seu potencial no biobranqueamento da indústria de papel e celulose. O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar a capacidade potencial na produção de xilanase por Bacillus pumilus BS131 isolado localmente usando lodo de fibra residual e farelo de trigo em meio de fermentação submersa. As condições de crescimento da cultura foram otimizadas para obter uma quantidade significativa de xilanase. A produção máxima de xilanase foi registrada após 72 horas de incubação a 30 °C e pH 7 com concentração de substrato de 4,0%. Resumindo, a produção de xilanase usando lodo de fibra residual de baixo custo e farelo de trigo como uma alternativa no lugar do substrato de xilano caro foi mais econômica e ecológica.


Assuntos
Bacillus/metabolismo , Bacillus pumilus/metabolismo , Esgotos , Temperatura , Fibras na Dieta , Endo-1,4-beta-Xilanases/metabolismo , Fermentação , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
7.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 164, 2022 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35210545

RESUMO

Quantification of system dynamics is a central aim of mathematical modelling in biology. Defining experimentally supported functional relationships between molecular entities by mathematical terms enables the application of computational routines to simulate and analyse the underlying molecular system. In many fields of natural sciences and engineering, trigonometric functions are applied to describe oscillatory processes. As biochemical oscillations occur in many aspects of biochemistry and biophysics, Fourier analysis of metabolic functions promises to quantify, describe and analyse metabolism and its reaction towards environmental fluctuations. Here, Fourier polynomials were developed from experimental time-series data and combined with block diagram simulation of plant metabolism to study heat shock response of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation and carbohydrate metabolism in Arabidopsis thaliana. Simulations predicted a stabilising effect of reduced sucrose biosynthesis capacity and increased capacity of starch biosynthesis on carbon assimilation under transient heat stress. Model predictions were experimentally validated by quantifying plant growth under such stress conditions. In conclusion, this suggests that Fourier polynomials represent a predictive mathematical approach to study dynamic plant-environment interactions.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta , Sacarose/metabolismo , Temperatura
8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(32): e2203656119, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35925885

RESUMO

Using simulations or experiments performed at some set of temperatures to learn about the physics or chemistry at some other arbitrary temperature is a problem of immense practical and theoretical relevance. Here we develop a framework based on statistical mechanics and generative artificial intelligence that allows solving this problem. Specifically, we work with denoising diffusion probabilistic models and show how these models in combination with replica exchange molecular dynamics achieve superior sampling of the biomolecular energy landscape at temperatures that were never simulated without assuming any particular slow degrees of freedom. The key idea is to treat the temperature as a fluctuating random variable and not a control parameter as is usually done. This allows us to directly sample from the joint probability distribution in configuration and temperature space. The results here are demonstrated for a chirally symmetric peptide and single-strand RNA undergoing conformational transitions in all-atom water. We demonstrate how we can discover transition states and metastable states that were previously unseen at the temperature of interest and even bypass the need to perform further simulations for a wide range of temperatures. At the same time, any unphysical states are easily identifiable through very low Boltzmann weights. The procedure while shown here for a class of molecular simulations should be more generally applicable to mixing information across simulations and experiments with varying control parameters.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Peptídeos , RNA , Temperatura , Peptídeos/química , Física , RNA/química
9.
Med Eng Phys ; 106: 103835, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926958

RESUMO

Mechanical and thermal damage to the bone tissue during drilling process is inevitable and directly affects the postoperative recovery. According to clinical practices and present academic investigations, this study tries to reduce bone damage by experimental investigation of bone drilling by Kirschner wire considering the drilling force and temperature factors. Finite element method has been applied to modelling of the drilling process. Then, grouped experiments have been carried out using bovine femoral bone and analyzed based on the orthogonal experimental method. The influence of key parameters such as Kirschner wire bevel angle, feed speed and rotational speed on the microscopic bone chip size, drilling force, drilling temperature and hole inlet burr was analyzed to conduct comprehensive analysis and optimizations. It is certain that the chips size is closely related to drilling force and drilling temperature. The low drilling temperature does not mean that the damage area is small. The drilling process should be completed quickly at high feed rates. The lower rotational speed, Kirschner wire bevel angle, and higher feed rate help reduce the thermal damage area of the bone drill, effectively reduce the drilling force and hole entrance burrs.


Assuntos
Fios Ortopédicos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Animais , Osso e Ossos/cirurgia , Bovinos , Fêmur/cirurgia , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Temperatura
10.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1484, 2022 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have investigated the short-term effects of meteorological factors and air pollution on the incidence of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD). Several meteorological indicators, such as relative humidity and the diurnal temperature range (DTR), significantly modify the relationship between short-term exposure to temperature and HFMD incidence. However, it remains unclear whether (and how) long-term air pollution levels modify the short-term relationships of HFMD incidence with meteorological factors and air pollution. METHODS: We obtained daily data on meteorological factors, air pollutants, and HFMD counts in children from 21 prefecture-level cities in Sichuan Province in Southwest China from 2015 to 2017. First, we constructed a distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) at each prefecture-level site to evaluate the short-term impacts of meteorological variables and air pollutants on HFMD incidence. Then, we assessed the pooled effects of the exposures and incorporated long-term city-specific air pollutant indicators as meta-predictors to examine their potential modification effects by performing multivariate meta-regression models. RESULTS: We found that long-term SO2 and CO concentrations significantly modified the short-term relationships between climatic variables and HFMD incidence. Specifically, high concentrations of CO (P = 0.027) and SO2 (P = 0.039) reduced the risk of HFMD at low temperatures. The relationship between relative humidity and HFMD incidence was weakened at high SO2 concentrations (P = 0.024), especially when the relative humidity was below the median level. When the minimum relative humidity (32%) was compared to the median relative humidity (77%), the risk ratio (RR) was 0.77 (95% CI: 0.51-1.17) in the 90th percentile of SO2 (19.6 µg/m3) and 0.41 (95% CI: 0.27-0.64) in the 10th percentile of SO2 (10.6 µg/m3). CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that long-term SO2 and CO levels modified the short-term associations between HFMD incidence in children and meteorological variables. These findings may inform health authorities to optimize targeted public health policies including reducing ambient air pollution and reinforcing self-protective actions to weaken the adverse health impacts of environmental factors on HFMD incidence.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Conceitos Meteorológicos , Dinâmica não Linear , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Parasit Vectors ; 15(1): 283, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35933453

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), one kind of tick-borne acute infectious disease, is caused by a novel bunyavirus. The relationship between meteorological factors and infectious diseases is a hot topic of current research. Liaoning Province has reported a high incidence of SFTS in recent years. However, the epidemiological characteristics of SFTS and its relationship with meteorological factors in the province remain largely unexplored. METHODS: Data on reported SFTS cases were collected from 2011 to 2019. Epidemiological characteristics of SFTS were analyzed. Spearman's correlation test and generalized linear models (GLM) were used to identify the relationship between meteorological factors and the number of SFTS cases. RESULTS: From 2011 to 2019, the incidence showed an overall upward trend in Liaoning Province, with the highest incidence in 2019 (0.35/100,000). The incidence was slightly higher in males (55.9%, 438/783), and there were more SFTS patients in the 60-69 age group (31.29%, 245/783). Dalian City and Dandong City had the largest number of cases of SFTS (87.99%, 689/783). The median duration from the date of illness onset to the date of diagnosis was 8 days [interquartile range (IQR): 4-13 days]. Spearman correlation analysis and GLM showed that the number of SFTS cases was positively correlated with monthly average rainfall (rs = 0.750, P < 0.001; ß = 0.285, P < 0.001), monthly average relative humidity (rs = 0.683, P < 0.001; ß = 0.096, P < 0.001), monthly average temperature (rs = 0.822, P < 0.001; ß = 0.154, P < 0.001), and monthly average ground temperature (rs = 0.810, P < 0.001; ß = 0.134, P < 0.001), while negatively correlated with monthly average air pressure (rs = -0.728, P < 0.001; ß = -0.145, P < 0.001), and monthly average wind speed (rs = -0.272, P < 0.05; ß = -1.048, P < 0.001). By comparing both correlation coefficients and regression coefficients between the number of SFTS cases (dependent variable) and meteorological factors (independent variables), no significant differences were observed when considering immediate cases and cases with lags of 1 to 5 weeks for dependent variables. Based on the forward and backward stepwise GLM regression, the monthly average air pressure, monthly average temperature, monthly average wind speed, and time sequence were selected as relevant influences on the number of SFTS cases. CONCLUSION: The annual incidence of SFTS increased year on year in Liaoning Province. Incidence of SFTS was affected by several meteorological factors, including monthly average air pressure, monthly average temperature, and monthly average wind speed.


Assuntos
Febre Grave com Síndrome de Trombocitopenia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Conceitos Meteorológicos , Temperatura
12.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272720, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939499

RESUMO

Maintaining body temperature in pediatric patients is critical, but it is often difficult to use currently accepted core temperature measurement methods. Several studies have validated the use of the SpotOn sensor for measuring core temperature in adults, but studies on pediatric patients are still lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy of the SpotOn sensor compared with that of esophageal temperature measurement in pediatric patients intraoperatively. Children aged 1-8 years with American Society of Anesthesiology Physical Condition Classification I or II scheduled to undergo elective ear surgery for at least 30 min under general anesthesia were enrolled. Body core temperature was measured every 15 min after induction till the end of anesthesia with an esophageal probe, axillary probe, and SpotOn sensor. We included 49 patients, providing a total 466 paired measurements. Analysis of Pearson rank correlation between SpotOn and esophageal pairs showed a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.93 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92-0.94). Analysis of Pearson rank correlation between esophageal and axillary pairs gave a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.89 (95% CI 0.87-0.91). Between the SpotOn and esophageal groups, Bland-Altman analysis revealed a bias (SD, 95% limits of agreement) of -0.07 (0.17 [-0.41-0.28]). Between the esophageal and axillary groups, Bland-Altman analysis showed a bias (SD, 95% limits of agreement) of 0.45 (0.22 [0-0.89]). In pediatric patients during surgery, the SpotOn sensor showed high correlation and agreement with the esophageal probe, which is a representative core temperature measurement method.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Temperatura Alta , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Tecnologia , Temperatura
13.
Food Res Int ; 159: 111625, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940812

RESUMO

Aspartate (Asp) mononegative ion binds calcium through both carboxylates in contrast to binding through only the side chain carboxylate for mononegative glutamate (Glu), as shown by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. A stronger binding was confirmed electrochemically for Asp compared to Glu. From temperature dependence of binding constant, 15-37 °C investigated for aqueous 0.16 M NaCl, a more negative ΔH0 of - 21 kJ·mol-1 was found for Glu compared to ΔH0 =  -17 kJ·mol-1 for Asp, a difference confirmed by DFT calculations and qualitatively also by isothermal titration calorimetry. The stronger binding of calcium to Asp (Kass,c = 5.3 M-1 at 37 °C) compared to Glu (Kass,c = 3.6 M-1 at 37 °C) despite the less negative enthalpy of binding is accordingly an entropy effect due to ring formation in the complex for Asp.


Assuntos
Ácido Aspártico , Cálcio , Cálcio/metabolismo , Cálcio na Dieta , Ácido Glutâmico , Temperatura , Termodinâmica
14.
Front Public Health ; 10: 927340, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35942264

RESUMO

Objective: As most available biometeorological indexes were developed decades ago in western countries, the benefit of using these indexes to study the effect of weather on human health in modern eastern countries is questionable. This study aimed to reconfirm the effectiveness of applying these biometeorological indexes when analyzing demand for daily emergency ambulance services (EAS) in Taipei. Methods: More than 370,000 EAS usage records were analyzed in this study. The records were first allotted into different time-series data by age, gender, triage level, and case nature (trauma/non-trauma) in order to represent different kinds of daily EAS demand. They were then regressed on biometeorological indexes [Apparent Temperature (AT) and Net Effective Temperature (NET)]; the indexes' additional descriptive power to describe the daily EAS demand over traditional weather factors was then assessed. Results: No significant difference was observed in the descriptive powers in terms of effect on daily EAS demand of the biometeorological indexes and traditional weather factors. The largest improvement on the regression models' adjusted-R 2 using NET and AT was only 0.008. Conclusion: It may not be a good idea to make direct use of the biometeorological indexes developed in western countries decades ago. Taiwan should have a tailor-made biometeorological index for a better representation of its unique situation.


Assuntos
Triagem , Tempo (Meteorologia) , Humanos , Taiwan , Temperatura , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604782, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936998

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of rheumatic diseases and its correlation with temperature and humidity among middle-aged and elderly adults in China from a spatial perspective. Methods: Data on rheumatic diseases among middle-aged and elderly adults were sourced from the 2018 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Moran's I was applied to explore the spatial autocorrelation of rheumatic diseases. Spatial lag model (SLM) was established to probe the correlation between rheumatic diseases and temperature and humidity. Results: The age-standardized prevalence of rheumatic diseases was 33.2% for middle-aged and elderly adults in China, varying from 12.0% to 51.4% depending on regions. The Global Moran's I was 0.506 (p = 0.001). Average temperature had negative correlation while average relative humidity had positive correlation with age-standardized prevalence of rheumatic diseases in the SLM. Conclusion: The age-standardized prevalence of rheumatic diseases of middle-aged and elderly adults showed spatial autocorrelation in China. We recommend taking measures to prevent rheumatic diseases for the middle-aged and elderly adults, especially for those living in cold and humid regions.


Assuntos
Doenças Reumáticas , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Umidade , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Temperatura
16.
Front Public Health ; 10: 903623, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937271

RESUMO

This study aimed to examine the short-term effects of ambient temperature on hospital admissions due to respiratory diseases among Hanoi residents. We collected 34,653 hospital admissions for 365 days (November 1, 2017, to November 31, 2018) from two hospitals in Hanoi. A quasi-Poisson regression model with time series analysis was used to explore the temperature-health outcome relationship's overall pattern. The non-linear curve indicated the temperatures with the lowest risk range from 22 degrees (Celcius) to 25 degrees (Celcius). On average, cold temperatures showed a higher risk than hot temperatures across all genders and age groups. Hospital admissions risk was highest at 13 degrees (Celcius) (RR = 1.39; 95% CI = 1.26-1.54) for cold effects and at 33 degrees (Celcius) (RR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.04-1.39) for the hot effects. Temporal pattern analysis showed that the most effect on respiratory diseases occurred at a lag of 0 days for hot effect and at a lag of 1 day for cold effect. The risk of changing temperature among women and people over 5 years old was higher than other groups. Our results suggest that the risk of respiratory admissions was greatest when the temperature was low. Public health prevention programs should be enhanced to improve public awareness about the health risks of temperature changes, especially respiratory diseases risked by low temperatures.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa , Hospitalização , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Temperatura , Vietnã/epidemiologia
17.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 949514, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937700

RESUMO

Chlamydia trachomatis is the leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) and remains a major public health challenge, especially in less-developed regions. Establishing a rapid, inexpensive, and easy-to-interpret point-of-care (POC) testing system for C. trachomatis could be critical for its treatment and limiting further transmission. Here, we devised a novel approach termed a multiple cross displacement amplification integrated with gold nanoparticle-based lateral flow biosensor (MCDA-AuNPs-LFB) for the highly specific, sensitive, user-friendly, and rapid identification of C. trachomatis in clinical samples. A suite of MCDA primers based on the C. trachomatis ompA gene from 14 serological variants (serovar A-K, L1, L2, and L3) were successfully designed and used to establish the assay. Optimal assay conditions were identified at 67°C, and the detection procedure, including nucleic acid preparation (approximately 5 min), MCDA amplification (30 min), and AuNPs-LFB visual readout (within 2 min), was completed within 40 min. The all-in cost for each test was approximately $5.5 USD. The limit of detection (LoD) was 10 copies/reaction, and no cross-reaction was observed with non-C. trachomatis microbes. A total of 135 suspected C. trachomatis-infection genital secretion samples were collected and simultaneously detected using real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) in our assay. Compared with the qPCR technology, the MCDA-AuNPs-LFB sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 100%, 96.20%, 94.92%, and 100%, respectively. Hence, our MCDA-AuNP-LFB assay exhibited considerable potential for POC testing and could be used to identify C. trachomatis in clinical settings, particularly in low-income regions.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Ouro , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Temperatura
18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(8): 884-8, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938331

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically investigate the changes rule of volatile oil and its main components released from moxa sticks under different headspace temperatures and combustion conditions, so as to guide the clinical rational selection of the temperature for moxa sticks. METHODS: Using the headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-GCMS) technique, the released gas from moxa sticks was collected at the headspace temperature (from room temperature [25 ℃] to 190 ℃) and during combustion. One mL of the gas was injected into 6890/5973N gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS). The release rates of volatile components of moxa sticks were calculated by total ion chromatography (TIC) and butanone internal standard method. The volatile components of moxa sticks were qualitatively analyzed by analyzing the mass spectra of each volatile component and matching the Nist 14 standard mass spectrometry library. By comparing and analyzing the peak intensity changes rule of 1,8-cineole and its main harmful components (benzene, toluene and phenol) under different headspace temperatures and combustion conditions, the optimal temperature for clinical use of moxa sticks was found. RESULTS: At room temperature and 50 ℃, the release rate of volatile components from moxa sticks was very low, and it showed a significant increase trend with the increase of temperature. When the headspace temperature was 190 ℃, the release rate of volatile components from moxa sticks reached 0.864 2%, which was 2 161 times as same as that at room temperature. After combustion, it dropped sharply to 0.027 9%, which was 96.8% lower than that at the headspace temperature of 190 ℃. When the headspace temperature was 125 ℃ and 150 ℃, the content of 1,8-cineole, a typical beneficial component in the volatile components of moxa sticks, was the highest. When the headspace temperature was higher than 150 ℃, its content showed a significant downward trend. Under combustion conditions, a large number of harmful substances, such as benzene, toluene and phenol, were detected. CONCLUSION: The combustion condition is not conducive to the efficient utilization of the volatile oil of moxa sticks. Temperature of 125-150 ℃ is the best for releasing the volatile components of moxa sticks, which is not only conducive to the release of the beneficial volatile components of moxa sticks, but also can greatly inhibit the production of harmful components.


Assuntos
Benzeno , Óleos Voláteis , Eucaliptol , Fenóis , Temperatura , Tolueno
19.
Opt Lett ; 47(15): 3708-3711, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35913295

RESUMO

A fiber sensor based on a silica capillary in a balloon-like shape for simultaneous measurement of displacement and temperature is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The sensor is fabricated by splicing a segment of a hollow-core fiber between two single-mode fibers (SMF) and by creating a balloon shape with the capillary at the top-center position. The SMF-capillary-SMF configuration excites an antiresonant (AR) guidance, and the balloon shape enhances the Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI). Experimental results show that, for a balloon length of 4.0 cm and a capillary length of 1.2 cm, the AR is insensitive to displacement and its sensitivity to temperature is 14.3 pm/°C, while the MZI has a sensitivity to displacement of 1.68 nm/mm in the range between 0 and 5 mm and a sensitivity to temperature of 28.6 pm/°C, twice the value of the AR. The proposed fiber sensor has only one sensing element in one configuration, which makes it simple to fabricate as well as low cost.


Assuntos
Tecnologia de Fibra Óptica , Interferometria , Desenho de Equipamento , Interferometria/métodos , Fibras Ópticas , Refratometria/métodos , Temperatura
20.
Scanning ; 2022: 3636795, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912120

RESUMO

Aim: Using a modified thermal cycling method to establish narrow root fracture models and evaluate the diagnosis efficiency of them using four different cone-beam CT (CBCT) units. Methodology. Fifty-six intact teeth were selected, and the crowns of the teeth were embedded using general purpose acrylic resin. 50 root fracture models were established by soaking these teeth in liquid nitrogen and hot water cyclically; 6 teeth were used as the negative control. All the 56 teeth were scanned with the smallest voxel size of four different CBCT units (NewTom VGi, Planmeca Promax 3D Max, Kavo 3D eXam, and Soredex Scanora3D). 10 teeth were randomly selected, and the roots were sliced using slow-speed saw to obtain horizontal root sections. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to measure the width of the fracture lines (FLs). The CBCT images were evaluated for the presence or absence of fracture lines. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for the diagnosis of FLs using the four CBCT units. Results: Fifty narrow root fracture models were successfully established, and 25 root sections with 45 FLs were acquired. The width of FLs was from 3.43 µm to 143 µm; 32.2% of the points had width under 25 µm, while only 9.6% of them had width over 75 µm. The accuracy was 0.41, 0.54, 0.41, and 0.30 for NewTom VGi, Planmeca Promax 3D Max, Kavo 3D eXam, and Soredex Scanora3D, respectively. Conclusions: The modified temperature cycling method is a simple and effective method to establish narrow root fracture models, and the diagnosis efficiency for these narrow fracture lines was quite poor using all the four different CBCT units.


Assuntos
Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Humanos , Temperatura , Fraturas dos Dentes/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...