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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17089, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574808

RESUMO

To determine if there are advantages to transitioning to Da Vinci robotics by a surgeon compared to the video-assisted thoracic surgical lobectomy.A systematic electronic search of online electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library updated on December 2017. Publications on comparison Da Vinci-robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) and video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for non-small cell lung cancer were collected. Meta-analysis RevMan 5.3 software (The Cochrane collaboration, Oxford, UK) was used to analyze the combined pooled HRs using fixed or random-effects models according to the heterogeneity.Fourteen retrospective cohort studies were included. No statistical difference was found between the 2 groups with respect to conversion to open, dissected lymph nodes number, hospitalization time after surgery, duration of surgery, drainage volume after surgery, prolonged air leak, and morbidity (P > .05).Da Vinci-RATS lobectomy is a feasible and safe technique and can achieve an equivalent surgical efficacy when compared with VATS. There does not seem to be a significant advantage for an established VATS lobectomy surgeon to transition to robotics based on clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Excisão de Linfonodo , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 186, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565146

RESUMO

Introduction: Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a leading cause of mortality in children in developing countries. Management of AGE consumes medical resources, including antibiotics and intra-venous fluids, but factors affecting resource utilization in the management of AGE are under-studied. We hope to identify clinical predictors of resource utilization in AGE. Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of patients 1-60 months of age admitted to a tertiary hospital in Northern Ghana between January 2013 and December 2014 with an admitting diagnosis of AGE. We collected data on patient demographics, presenting symptoms, and subsequent management. Our primary outcome was prolonged hospital length of stay, defined as >4 days. Secondary outcomes included other measures of resource utilization, such as use of antibiotics, antimalarials and intravenous fluids. Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared between groups with Pearson chi square test for categorical variables and ANOVA for continuous variables. Multivariable logistic regression modeling for each outcome included all variables found to be significant in the bivariate analysis. Results: We reviewed charts for 473 patients admitted for AGE during this timeframe. 264 (56%) were male, median age was 12 months. 448 (95%) received antibiotics, 396 (84%) received antimalarials and 365 (77.2%) received intravenous fluids. 167 (35.3%) had prolonged LOS >4 days. Following multiple logistic regression analysis, clinical features associated with prolonged LOS included fever duration (OR 2.87, 95% CI 2.28-3.61 per 1-day increase), mild (OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.12-5.08) or moderate (OR 3.13, 95% CI 1.57-6.21) dehydration (compared to none) and symptom duration (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.01-1.27 per 1-day increase). Conclusion: Dehydration and duration of symptoms prior to presentation predict prolonged hospital LOS in young children with AGE in Northern Ghana.


Assuntos
Desidratação/terapia , Gastroenterite/terapia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Aguda , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antimaláricos/administração & dosagem , Pré-Escolar , Desidratação/epidemiologia , Feminino , Febre/epidemiologia , Hidratação/estatística & dados numéricos , Gana , Recursos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária
3.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1209-1217, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564156

RESUMO

AIMS: There is an increasing demand for hip arthroplasty in China. We aimed to describe trends in in-hospital mortality after this procedure in China and to examine the potential risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 210 450 patients undergoing primary hip arthroplasty registered in the Hospital Quality Monitoring System in China between 2013 and 2016. In-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty and its relation to potential risk factors were assessed using multivariable Poisson regression. RESULTS: During the study period, 626 inpatient deaths occurred within 30 days after hip arthroplasty. Mortality decreased from 2.9% in 2013 to 2.6% in 2016 (p for trend = 0.02). Compared with their counterparts, old age, male sex, and divorced or widowed patients had a higher rate of mortality (all p < 0.05). Risk ratio (RR) for mortality after arthroplasty for fracture was two-fold higher (RR 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5 to 2.6) than that for chronic disease. RRs for mortality were 3.3 (95% CI 2.7 to 3.9) and 8.2 (95% CI 6.5 to 10.4) for patients with Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) of 1 to 2 and CCI ≥ 3, respectively, compared with patients with CCI of 0. The rate of mortality varied according to geographical region, the lowest being in the East region (1.8%), followed by Beijing (2.1%), the North (2.9%), South-West (3.6%), South-Central (3.8%), North-East (4.1%), and North-West (5.2%) regions. CONCLUSION: While in-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty in China appears low and declined during the study period, discrepancies in mortality after this procedure exist according to sociodemographic factors. Healthcare resources should be allocated more to underdeveloped regions to further reduce mortality. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1209-1217.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Sistema de Registros , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , China , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17185, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567961

RESUMO

Infections caused by Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive Staphylococcus aureus (PVL-SA) mostly present as recurrent skin abscesses and furunculosis. However, life-threatening infections (eg, necrotizing pneumonia, necrotizing fasciitis, and osteomyelitis) caused by PVL-SA have also been reported.We assessed the clinical phenotype, frequency, clinical implications (surgery, length of treatment in hospitals/intensive care units, and antibiotic treatments), and potential preventability of severe PVL-SA infections in children.Total, 75 children treated for PVL-SA infections in our in- and outpatient units from 2012 to 2017 were included in this retrospective study.Ten out of 75 children contracted severe infections (PVL-methicillin resistant S aureus n = 4) including necrotizing pneumonia (n = 4), necrotizing fasciitis (n = 2), pyomyositis (n = 2; including 1 patient who also had pneumonia), mastoiditis with cerebellitis (n = 1), preorbital cellulitis (n = 1), and recurrent deep furunculosis in an immunosuppressed patient (n = 1). Specific complications of PVL-SA infections were venous thrombosis (n = 2), sepsis (n = 5), respiratory failure (n = 5), and acute respiratory distress syndrome (n = 3). The median duration of hospital stay was 14 days (range 5-52 days). In 6 out of 10 patients a history suggestive for PVL-SA colonization in the patient or close family members before hospital admission was identified.PVL-SA causes severe to life-threatening infections requiring lengthy treatments in hospital in a substantial percentage of symptomatic PVL-SA colonized children. More than 50% of severe infections might be prevented by prompt testing for PVL-SA in individuals with a history of abscesses or furunculosis, followed by decolonization measures.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Exotoxinas/metabolismo , Leucocidinas/metabolismo , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/metabolismo , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pneumonia Necrosante/microbiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções dos Tecidos Moles/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/patologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/terapia
5.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 267: 215-223, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483275

RESUMO

Emergency department (ED) care for frail elderly patients is associated with an increased use of resources due to their complex medical needs and frequently difficult psycho-social situation. To better target their needs with specially trained staff, it is vital to determine the times during which these particular patients present to the ED. Recent research was inconclusive regarding this question and the applied methods were limited to coarse time windows. Moreover, there is little research on time variation of frail ED patients' case complexity. This study examines differences in arrival rates for frail vs. non-frail patients in detail and compares case complexity in frail patients within vs. outside of regular GP working hours. Arrival times and case variables (admission rate, ED length of stay [LOS], triage level and comorbidities) were extracted from the EHR of an ED in an urban German teaching hospital. We employed Poisson time series regression to determine patterns in hourly arrival rates over the week. Frail elderly patients presented more likely to the ED during already high frequented hours, especially at midday and in the afternoon. Case complexity for frail patients was significantly higher compared to non-frail patients, but varied marginally in time only with respect to triage level and ED LOS. The results suggest that frailty-attuned emergency care should be available in EDs during the busiest hours. Based on EHR data, hospitals thus can tailor their staff needs.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade , Idoso , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Triagem
6.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(3): 479-482, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559807

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Trauma is the third cause of death among the general population in Poland, and the first in people aged 1-44 years. Trauma centers are hospitals dedicated to treating patients with multiple organ injuries, in a complex way that endeavours to ensure a lower mortality rate, shorter hospital stay and better outcomes if the patients are transferred to such a center. Worldwide, there are many models on how to treat a trauma patient, but them to be qualified for the procedure, the selection of potential patients is crucial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the Polish model for qualification to a trauma center and American Guidelines for Field Triage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical documentation recorded between 1 January 2014 - 31 December 2014 was undertaken. The study concerned trauma patients admitted to the Emergency Department of the Regional Trauma Center at the Copernicus Memorial Hospital in Lódz, Poland. Inclusion criterion was initial diagnosis 'multiple-organ injury' among patients transported by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS). RESULTS: In the period indicated, 3,173 patients were admitted to the Emergency Department at the Copernicus Memorial Hospital. From among them, 159 patients were included in the study. Only 13.2% of the patients fulfilled the Polish Qualification Criteria to Trauma Center in comparison to 87.4% who fulfilled the American Guidelines for Field Triage. CONCLUSIONS: Polish qualification criteria do not consider the large group of patients with severe injuries (ISS>15), but indicate patients with minimal chance of survival. Polish criteria do not consider the mechanism of injury, which is a relevant predictive indicator of severe or extremely severe injuries (ISS>15). Further studies should be undertaken to improve the qualification and treatment of trauma patients in Poland.


Assuntos
Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Triagem/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Polônia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(8): 1094-1101, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531608

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent event among critically ill patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICU) and represents a global public health problem, being imperative an interdisciplinary approach. OBJECTIV: To investigate, through literature review, the AKI epidemiology in ICUs. METHODS: Online research in Medline, Scientific Electronic Library Online, and Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences databases, with analysis of the most relevant 47 studies published between 2010 and 2017. RESULTS: Data of the 67,033 patients from more than 300 ICUs from different regions of the world were analyzed. The overall incidence of AKI ranged from 2.5% to 92.2%, and the mortality from 5% to 80%. The length of ICU stay ranged from five to twenty-one days, and the need for renal replacement therapy from 0.8% to 59.2%. AKI patients had substantially higher mortality rates and longer hospital stays than patients without AKI. CONCLUSION: AKI incidence presented high variability among the studies. One of the reasons for that were the different criteria used to define the cases. Availability of local resources, renal replacement therapy needs, serum creatinine at ICU admission, volume overload, and sepsis, among others, influence mortality rates in AKI patients.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação , Fatores de Risco
8.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(4): 492-500, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484611

RESUMO

To compare the accuracy of SHA.LIN,S.T.O.N.E.nephrolithometry scoring system,and Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society(CROES)nephrolithometry nomogram in predicting percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL)outcomes including stone free rate(SFR)and perioperative status. Methods The clinical data of 90 patients with nephrolithiasis undergoing PCNL in department of urology,China-Japan Friendship Hospital from January 2015 to March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The general data,stone characteristics,operation approaches,and perioperative variables were recorded.SHA.LIN,S.T.O.N.E.score,and CROES nomogram were assigned according to the computed tomography(CT)findings before surgery.Stone free status was evaluated by kidney-ureter-bladder one month after PCNL.The relationships of SHA.LIN score,S.T.O.N.E.score,and CROES score with SFR,postoperative complications,operation time(OT),length of hospital stay(LOS),estimated blood loss(EBL),and decrease of hemoglobin was evaluated.Receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves were used to analyze the predictive accuracy. Results The SFR was 72.2%(65/90)and postoperative complications occurred in 33 cases(36.7%).The mean OT was(103.1±39.6)min,the mean EBL was(46.1±53.0)ml,the mean LOS was(15.3±5.2)d,the mean postoperative LOS was(8.5±3.4)d,and the mean decrease of hemoglobin was(16.1±10.2)g/L.Stone-free patients had significantly lower SHA.LIN score(8.23 vs. 10.36,P=0.000)and S.T.O.N.E.score(7.05 vs.8.16,P=0.000)and significantly higher CROES score(188.50 vs. 143.89,P=0.000)compared to patients with residual fragments.All these scores were not significantly associated with complications(P>0.05).On the other hand,all these scores were significantly correlated with OT,EBL,and decrease of hemoglobin(SHA.LIN:POT=0.006,PEBL=0.028,Pdecrease of hemoglobin=0.014;S.T.O.N.E.:POT=0.012,PEBL=0.047,Pdecrease of hemoglobin=0.011;and CROES:POT=0.040,PEBL=0.045,Pdecrease of hemoglobin=0.013).SHA.LIN(P=0.001)and S.T.O.N.E.(P=0.005)scores were associated with LOS.Logistic regression analysis revealed that SHA.LIN(OR=2.491),S.T.O.N.E.(OR=3.030),and CROES(OR=0.973)scores were significantly associated with stone-free status.ROC curves in predicting SFR showed that there was significant difference in the areas under the curves(AUC)for the SHA.LIN vs. S.T.O.N.E.score [0.808(95% CI=0.711-0.905)vs. 0.748(95% CI=0.632-0.864),P=0.047].AUC for the CROES score [0.770(95% CI=0.664-0.877)] showed no significantly different for the SHA.LIN score or the S.T.O.N.E.score(P>0.05). Conclusions All these three scoring systems have good predictive accuracy for SFR.SHA.LIN is more precise than S.T.O.N.E.in predicting SFR.However,they can not predict postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Nomogramas , China , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e16814, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517812

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) versus closed reduction (CR) for mandibular condylar fractures.Patients included in the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database (2005-2014) who were admitted to the hospital for unilateral mandibular condylar fracture were included in the analysis. Patient characteristics and clinical outcomes were compared between those who received ORIF and those receiving CR. Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate odds ratios (ORs) for each aspect of the main observed events.NIS data of 12,303 patients who underwent ORIF and 4310 patients who underwent CR were analyzed. Compared to CR, ORIF had an increased risk of longer hospital stay (adjusted OR [aOR] = 1.78, 95% confidence intervals [CIs] = 1.51-2.09), higher total medical cost (aOR = 2.57, 95% CI = 2.17-3.05), and hematoma development (aOR = 10.66, 95% CI = 1.43-75.59), but had a lower risk of having wound complications (aOR = 0.86, 95% CI = 0.79-0.93).Patients with mandibular condylar fractures who receive ORIF have greater risk of having an extended hospital stay, higher total medical costs, and hematoma development but lower risk of experiencing wound complications compared to those who receive CR.


Assuntos
Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Côndilo Mandibular/lesões , Côndilo Mandibular/cirurgia , Fraturas Mandibulares/cirurgia , Redução Aberta , Adulto , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Hematoma/epidemiologia , Hematoma/etiologia , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Tempo de Internação/economia , Masculino , Fraturas Mandibulares/economia , Fraturas Mandibulares/epidemiologia , Redução Aberta/economia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 830-833, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560302

RESUMO

Although gallbladder disease (GBD) is more common in females, we have noticed a trend toward more complicated cases in male patients. We reviewed all cholecystectomies performed at our institution over the last five years. After eliminating cases with confounding variables, we identified 1529 records. Charts were reviewed for age, gender, BMI, procedure performed, operative time, length of stay, and preoperative diagnosis. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were conducted along with linear regression. There were 1444 laparoscopic, 64 laparoscopic converted to open, and 21 primary open cases. Patients were 1008 (66%) females and 521 (34%) males. Average operative time was 89.8 minutes. Cholecystectomy averaged 17.7 minutes longer in males (P = 0.0046). Two per cent of female patients and 7.9 per cent male patient converted to open. Males were more likely to have complicated GBD, whereas women had uncomplicated disease. Average age was 51.9 years for males versus 42.7 years for females. Age, gender, BMI, length of stay, and preoperative diagnosis were all independently significant in predicting operative time. In our study, women presented with uncomplicated GBD, whereas men presented with complicated GBD. This suggests that male patients present at a later stage of disease.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia , Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Feminino , Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/complicações , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Fatores Sexuais
11.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 861-864, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560304

RESUMO

Traumatic brain injuries in patients on antithrombotic agents carry significant morbidity. Initial therapy is centered around reversal of these agents. The thromboelastogram (TEG) maps the clotting cascade to guide reversal. A retrospective chart review was conducted for 118 patients presenting with a traumatic brain injury while on antithrombotics. Patients were divided between those who received a TEG on arrival and those who did not. The primary endpoint was overall mortality. Secondary endpoints included blood product utilization, and outcomes associated with specific novel anticoagulants. Mortality in the control group was 20.3 per cent compared with 18.5 per cent in the TEG group (P = 0.81). For less severe injuries, the control group mortality was 3.8 per cent and the TEG group mortality was 8.7 per cent (P = 0.64). For more severe injuries, mortality in the control versus TEG groups were 31.6 per cent and 25.8 per cent, respectively (P = 0.73). Blood product utilization was significantly lower in the TEG group (P = 0.002). Overall mortality was not significantly different between the groups. However, when stratified by severity of injury, mortality was reduced in the TEG-guided group in severely injured patients. Blood product utilization was significantly reduced with TEG-guided reversal. Trauma centers can improve the utilization of blood products in reversal of antithrombotics with the use of TEG.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/sangue , Hemorragias Intracranianas/sangue , Ressuscitação/métodos , Tromboelastografia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transfusão de Componentes Sanguíneos/estatística & dados numéricos , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Hemorragias Intracranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragias Intracranianas/mortalidade , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 865-870, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560305

RESUMO

In recent years, nonoperative management of complicated appendicitis has become more common. Patients managed nonoperatively do well, but there is a paucity of literature on patients who fail nonoperative management. The purpose of this study was to examine the overall failure rate, morbidity associated with failure, and potential predictors of failure in nonop management of appendicitis. This is a descriptive retrospective review of patients from a single hospital system who were diagnosed with advanced appendicitis and underwent nonop management between January 1, 2007, and November of 2017. The data were obtained through review of patient charts from the electronic medical record. Failure was defined as requirement of an operation due to ongoing infection secondary to appendicitis. There were 183 patients initially managed nonoperatively, with 70 patients failing nonoperative management. Patients failing nonoperative management experienced longer hospitalization (6.2 vs 2.9 days, P < 0.0001), and more patients in the failure group required admission to the ICU (10.0% vs 1.8%, P = 0.028). Multivariate analysis revealed that longer duration of symptoms reduced the likelihood of failure (odds ratio: 0.77 [0.64-0.92]). In this retrospective review, 38 per cent of patients failed nonop management of appendicitis. Symptom duration could provide insight for clinicians in assessing the role of nonoperative management because increasing symptom duration reduced the likelihood of failure.


Assuntos
Apendicite/terapia , Tratamento Conservador , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Falha de Tratamento
13.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 871-876, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560306

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of prehospital antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant (APAC) use on treatment and outcomes in patients with severe blunt chest injury. Patients with three or more rib fractures and a hospital length of stay (LOS) > three days admitted from 2014 to 2015 were included. Demographics, mortality, complications, injuries, hospital and ICU LOS, use of blood products, and thoracostomy were studied. Of 383 patients, 27.4 per cent were on APAC medication. Patients on APAC were older (P < 0.0001), had higher Glasgow Coma Score (P < 0.0001), and had lower Injury Severity Score (P < 0.0001) and total number of fractures (P = 0.0013) than the non-APAC group. APAC was not a predictor of mortality with or without age adjustment. In multiple linear regressions, APAC did not predict an increased LOS. APAC patients did not demonstrate an increase in admission diagnosis or complication of hemothorax, blood transfusions, tube thoracostomy, tracheostomy, LOS, or mortality rates. Similar findings are present in the subgroup of patients studied with high kinetic energy mechanism of injury. Our study does not support the perceived morbidity of APAC therapy in patients with severe blunt chest injury.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Hemorragia/etiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Fraturas das Costelas/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Transfusão de Componentes Sanguíneos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas das Costelas/sangue , Fraturas das Costelas/terapia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/sangue , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia
14.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1081-1086, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474135

RESUMO

AIMS: The practice of alternating operating theatres has long been used to reduce surgeon idle time between cases. However, concerns have been raised as to the safety of this practice. We assessed the payments and outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed during overlapping and nonoverlapping days, also comparing the total number of the surgeon's cases and the total time spent in the operating theatre per day. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Limited Data Set (LDS) on all primary elective TKAs performed at the New England Baptist Hospital between January 2013 and June 2016. Using theatre records, episodes were categorized into days where a surgeon performed overlapping and nonoverlapping lists. Clinical outcomes, economic outcomes, and demographic factors were calculated. A regression model controlling for the patient-specific factors was used to compare groups. Total orthopaedic cases and aggregate time spent operating (time between skin incision and closure) were also compared. RESULTS: A total of 3633 TKAs were performed (1782 on nonoverlapping days; 1851 on overlapping days). There were no differences between the two groups for length of inpatient stay, payments, mortality, emergency room visits, or readmission during the 90-day postoperative period. The overlapping group had 0.74 fewer skilled nursing days (95% confidence interval (CI) -0.26 to -1.22; p < 0.01), and 0.66 more home health visits (95% CI 0.14 to 1.18; p = 0.01) than the nonoverlapping group. On overlapping days, surgeons performed more cases per day (5.01 vs 3.76; p < 0.001) and spent more time operating (484.55 minutes vs 357.17 minutes; p < 0.001) than on nonoverlapping days. CONCLUSION: The study shows that the practice of alternating operating theatres for TKA has no adverse effect on the clinical outcome or economic utilization variables measured. Furthermore, there is opportunity to increase productivity with alternating theatres as surgeons with overlapping cases perform more cases and spend more time operating per day. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1081-1086.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/economia , Boston/epidemiologia , Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (U.S.)/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Eficiência Organizacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
15.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1063-1070, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474149

RESUMO

AIMS: The primary aim of the study was to perform an analysis to identify the cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) of robot-assisted unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (rUKA) relative to manual total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) for patients with isolated medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Secondary aims were to assess how case volume and length of hospital stay influenced the relative cost per QALY. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A Markov decision analysis was performed, using known parameters for costs, outcomes, implant survival, and mortality, to assess the cost-effectiveness of rUKA relative to manual TKA and UKA for patients with isolated medial compartment OA of the knee with a mean age of 65 years. The influence of case volume and shorter hospital stay were assessed. RESULTS: Using a model with an annual case volume of 100 patients, the cost per QALY of rUKA was £1395 and £1170 relative to TKA and UKA, respectively. The cost per QALY was influenced by case volume: a low-volume centre performing ten cases per year would achieve a cost per QALY of £7170 and £8604 relative to TKA and UKA. For a high-volume centre performing 200 rUKAs per year with a mean two-day length of stay, the cost per QALY would be £648; if performed as day-cases, the cost would be reduced to £364 relative to TKA. For a high-volume centre performing 200 rUKAs per year with a shorter length of stay of one day relative to manual UKA, the cost per QALY would be £574. CONCLUSION: rUKA is a cost-effective alternative to manual TKA and UKA for patients with isolated medial compartment OA of the knee. The cost per QALY of rUKA decreased with reducing length of hospital stay and with increasing case volume, compared with TKA and UKA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1063-1070.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/economia , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/economia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Cadeias de Markov , Osteoartrite do Joelho/economia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17096, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517835

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine whether patients whose treatment is consistent with the 3-hour rule have better outcomes than patients whose treatment is not consistent with the 3-hour rule.This is a retrospective review of the records of 581 patients. The authors compared the outcomes of 397 patients whose therapy was consistent with the 3-hour rule to the outcomes of 184 patients whose therapy was not consistent with the rule for at least one 7-day period during the stay on an inpatient rehabilitation facility.Patients whose care was consistent with the rule did not have more improvement in function or shorter length of stay than patients whose care was not consistent with the 3-hour rule.There is not good evidence to support the 3-hour rule as a determinant of the care that a patient at an IRF needs to achieve a good outcome.


Assuntos
Centros de Reabilitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Reabilitação/normas , Fatores de Tempo , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Centros de Reabilitação/organização & administração , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(8): 755-758, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533390

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short-term clinical results of fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) for patients with medial compartmental knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2017, 62 patients with medial compartmental knee osteoarthritis were treated by fixed-bearing UKA. Among them, including 19 males and 43 females, aged from 47 to 83 years old with an average of (65.3±8.2) years old. The courses of disease ranged from 5 to 72 months with an average of(19.4±14.3) months. Postoperative complications were observed, VAS score was used to observe degree of pain relief, Hospital for Special Surgery(HSS) score was used to evaluate clinical effects. RESULTS: All patients were followed up from 4 to 40 months with an average of(19.9 ±10.2) months. The incision healed well without blood transfusion, hospital stays ranged from 2 to 10 days with an average of (3.5±1.6) days. No deep infection, dislocation, loosing or per prosthetic fracture occurred after operation, while 1 patient suffered from posterior tibial vein thrombosis. HSS score improved from 69.9±7.2 before operation to 90.1±7.4 at final following-up, and 51 patients obtained excellent results, 9 patients good and 2 moderate. VAS score decreased from 3.8±0.9 before operation to 1.1±0.9 at final following-up. CONCLUSIONS: Fixed-bearing UKA for medial compartmental knee osteoarthritis could obtain short-term clinical results for shorter hospital stay, less complications. with fewer complication and fast recovery.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 65, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether age group, complications or comorbidities are associated with the length of hospitalization of women undergoing cesarean section. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out between June 2012 and July 2017, with 64,437 women undergoing cesarean section and who did not acquire conditions during their hospital stay. Hospital discharge data were collected from national health institutions, using the Diagnosis-Related Groups system (DRG Brasil®). The DRG referring to cesarean section with additional complications or comorbidities (DRG 765) and cesarean section without complications or associated comorbidities (DRG 766) were included in the initial diagnosis. The influence of age group and comorbidities or complications present at admission on the length of hospital stay was assessed based on the means of the analysis of variance. The size of the effect was verified by Cohen's D, which allows evaluating clinical relevance. The criticality levels were identified using the Duncan test. RESULTS: The longest length of hospital stay was observed in the age group from 15 to 17 years old and among those aged 45 years old or more. The hospital stay of women with complications or comorbidities at the time of admission was also longer. Moreover, it was noted that the increase in criticality level was associated with an increase in the mean length of hospital stay. CONCLUSIONS: The length of hospital stay of women is higher among those belonging to the age group ranging from 15 to 17 years old and for those aged 45 years old or more. The presence of associated comorbidities, such as eclampsia, pre-existing hypertensive disorder with superimposed proteinuria and gestational hypertension (induced by pregnancy) with significant proteinuria increase the length of hospital stay. This study enabled the construction of distinct criticality level profiles based on the combination of age groups and the main comorbidities, which were directly related to the length of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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