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1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 11524, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075155

RESUMO

Nearly 5% of patients suffering from COVID-19 develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) is a marker of pulmonary oedema which is associated with mortality in ARDS. In this study, we evaluate whether EVLWI is higher in patients with COVID-19 associated ARDS as compared to COVID-19 negative, ventilated patients with ARDS and whether EVLWI has the potential to monitor disease progression. EVLWI and cardiac function were monitored by transpulmonary thermodilution in 25 patients with COVID-19 ARDS subsequent to intubation and compared to a control group of 49 non-COVID-19 ARDS patients. At intubation, EVLWI was noticeably elevated and significantly higher in COVID-19 patients than in the control group (17 (11-38) vs. 11 (6-26) mL/kg; p < 0.001). High pulmonary vascular permeability index values (2.9 (1.0-5.2) versus 1.9 (1.0-5.2); p = 0.003) suggested a non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema. By contrast, the cardiac parameters SVI, GEF and GEDVI were comparable in both cohorts. High EVLWI values were associated with viral persistence, prolonged intensive care treatment and in-hospital mortality (23.2 ± 6.7% vs. 30.3 ± 6.0%, p = 0.025). Also, EVLWI showed a significant between-subjects (r = - 0.60; p = 0.001) and within-subjects correlation (r = - 0.27; p = 0.028) to Horowitz index. Compared to non COVID-19 ARDS, COVID-19 results in markedly elevated EVLWI-values in patients with ARDS. High EVLWI reflects a non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema in COVID-19 ARDS and could serve as parameter to monitor ARDS progression on ICU.


Assuntos
59585/complicações , Água Extravascular Pulmonar/imunologia , Edema Pulmonar/mortalidade , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , 59585/diagnóstico , 59585/imunologia , 59585/mortalidade , Permeabilidade Capilar , Progressão da Doença , Água Extravascular Pulmonar/virologia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Monitorização Fisiológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Edema Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Edema Pulmonar/imunologia , Edema Pulmonar/virologia , Respiração Artificial , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/terapia , Medição de Risco/métodos , 59565/isolamento & purificação , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Termodiluição/métodos , Termodiluição/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 506, 2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome, and corticosteroids have been considered as possible therapeutic agents for this disease. However, there is limited literature on the appropriate timing of corticosteroid administration to obtain the best possible patient outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study including patients with severe COVID-19 who received corticosteroid treatment from March 2 to June 30, 2020 in seven tertiary hospitals in South Korea. We analyzed the patient demographics, characteristics, and clinical outcomes according to the timing of steroid use. Twenty-two patients with severe COVID-19 were enrolled, and they were all treated with corticosteroids. RESULTS: Of the 22 patients who received corticosteroids, 12 patients (55%) were treated within 10 days from diagnosis. There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics. The initial PaO2/FiO2 ratio was 168.75. The overall case fatality rate was 25%. The mean time from diagnosis to steroid use was 4.08 days and the treatment duration was 14 days in the early use group, while those in the late use group were 12.80 days and 18.50 days, respectively. The PaO2/FiO2 ratio, C-reactive protein level, and cycle threshold value improved over time in both groups. In the early use group, the time from onset of symptoms to discharge (32.4 days vs. 60.0 days, P = 0.030), time from diagnosis to discharge (27.8 days vs. 57.4 days, P = 0.024), and hospital stay (26.0 days vs. 53.9 days, P = 0.033) were shortened. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with severe COVID-19, early use of corticosteroids showed favorable clinical outcomes which were related to a reduction in the length of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , /tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(6): 1078-1087, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058867

RESUMO

AIMS: It has been suggested that the direct anterior approach (DAA) should be used for total hip arthroplasty (THA) instead of the posterior approach (PA) for better early functional outcomes. We conducted a value-based analysis of the functional outcome and associated perioperative costs, to determine which surgical approach gives the better short-term outcomes and lower costs. METHODS: This meta-analysis was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol and the Cochrane Handbook. Several online databases were searched. Non-stratified and stratified meta-analyses were conducted to test the confounding biases in the studies which were included. The mean cost and probability were used to determine the added costs of perioperative services. RESULTS: The DAA group had significantly longer operating times (p < 0.001), reduced length of hospital stay by a mean of 13.4 hours (95% confidence interval (CI) 9.12 to 18; p < 0.001), and greater blood loss (p = 0.030). The DAA group had significantly better functional outcome at three (p < 0.001) and six weeks (p = 0.006) postoperatively according to the Harris Hip Score (HHS). However, there was no significant difference between the groups for the HHS at six to eight weeks (p = 0.230), 12 weeks (p = 0.470), six months (p = 0.740), and one year (p = 0.610), the 12-Item Short Form Survey (SF-12) physical score at six weeks (p = 0.580) and one year (p = 0.360), SF-12 mental score at six weeks (p = 0.170) and one year (p = 0.960), and University of California and Los Angeles (UCLA) activity scale at 12 weeks (p = 0.250). The mean non-stratified and stratified difference in costs for the operating theatre time and blood transfusion were $587.57 (95% CI 263.83 to 1,010.29) to $887.04 (95% CI 574.20 to 1,298.88) and $248.38 (95% CI 1,003.40 to 1,539.90) to $1,162.41 (95% CI 645.78 to 7,441.30), respectively, more for the DAA group. However, the mean differences in costs for the time in hospital were $218.23 and $192.05, respectively, less for the DAA group. CONCLUSION: The use of the DAA, rather than the PA, in THA has earlier benefits for function and pain. However, these are short-lasting, with no significant differences seen at later intervals. In addition the limited benefits were obtained with higher cumulative costs for DAA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6):1078-1087.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/economia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071312

RESUMO

Laparoscopy is a procedure that ultimately reduces hospital stay time and speeds up post-operative recovery. It is mainly performed in high-income countries but its implementation in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is increasing. However, no aggregate data exist regarding the outcomes of this procedure in resource-limited settings. We retrospectively reviewed all cases of laparoscopy recorded from January 2007 to March 2017 at the Department of Surgery of Beira to assess the related outcomes. Moreover, we performed a systematic review of the laparoscopic practices and outcomes in low-income countries. Data from the Department of Surgery of Beira identified 363 laparoscopic procedures, mainly relating to gynecological diseases, cholelithiasis, and appendicectomy with only a 1.6% complication rate (6 cases) and a 1.9% conversion rate (7 cases) to open surgery. The systematic review showed a pooled risk of overall complications significantly lower in laparoscopic vs. open appendicectomy (OR = 0.43; 95% CI 0.19-0.97; I2 = 85.7%) and a significantly lower risk of infection (OR = 0.53; 95% CI 0.43-0.65; I2 = 0.00%). The pooled SMD in operation duration in laparoscopic vs. open appendectomy was 0.58 (95% CI -0.00; 1.15; I2 = 96.52), while the pooled SMD in hospitalization days was -1.35 (95% CI -1.87; -0.82; I2 = 96.41). Laparoscopy is an expensive procedure to adopt as it requires new equipment and specialized trained health workers. However, it could reduce post-operative costs and complications, especially in terms of infections. It is crucial to increase its accessibility, acceptability, and quality particularly in LMICs, especially during this COVID-19 era when the reduction of patient hospitalization is essential.


Assuntos
Apendicite , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(21): e26158, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032774

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of pathogenic bacteria in hospitalized patients in elderly care centers under the mode of integration of medical care and elderly care service, and explore the influencing factors to reduce the health care-associated infection rate of hospitalized patients.A total of 2597 inpatients admitted to elderly care centers from April 2018 to December 2019 were included in the study. The etiology characteristics of health care-associated infections (HCAI) was statistically analyzed, univariate analysis, and multivariate logistic regression analysis method were used to analyze the influencing factors of HCAI.A total of 98 of 2597 inpatients in the elderly care centers had HCAI, and the infection rate was 3.77%. The infection sites were mainly in the lower respiratory tract and urinary tract, accounting for 53.92% and 18.63%, respectively. A total of 53 pathogenic bacteria were isolated, 43 of which (81.13%) were Gram-negative, mainly Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae, which respectively accounted for 24.53, 16.98, and 13.21%. 9 (16.98%) strains were Gram-positive, mainly Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecium, respectively accounting for 7.55 and 5.66%. Only 1 patient (1.89%) had a fungal infection. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that total hospitalization days, antibiotic agents used, days of central line catheter, use of urinary catheter and diabetes were independent risk factors of nosocomial infection in elderly care centers (P < .05).Many factors can lead to nosocomial infections in elderly care centers. Medical staff should take effective intervention measures according to the influencing factors to reduce the risk of infection in elderly care facilities.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos/organização & administração , Hospitais Públicos/organização & administração , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , China/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(21): e26204, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032781

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) is widely used as a treatment for periampullary tumors and pancreatic head tumors. However, postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), which significantly affects mortality and length of hospital stay of patients, remains one of the most common and serious complications following LPD. Though numerous technical modifications for pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) have been proposed, POPF is still the "Achilles heel" of LPD.To reduce POPF rate and other postoperative complications following LPD by exploring the best approach to manage with the pancreatic remnant, a novel duct-to-mucosa anastomosis technique named Double Layer Running Suture (Double R) for the PJ was established. During 2018 and 2020, a totally 35 patients who underwent LPD with Double R were included, data on the total operative time, PJ duration, estimated blood loss, recovery of bowel function, postoperative complications, and length of hospital stay were collected and analyzed.The average duration of surgery was (380 ±â€Š69) minutes. The mean time for performing PJ was (34 ±â€Š5) minutes. The average estimated blood loss was (180 ±â€Š155) mL. The overall POPF rate was 8.6% (3/35), including 8.6% (3/35) for the biochemical leak, 0% (0/35) for Grade B, and 0% (0/35) for Grade C. No patient suffered from biliary fistula, post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage, and intra-abdominal infection, the 30-day mortality was 0%.Double R anastomosis is potentially a safe, reliable, and rapid anastomosis with a low rate of POPF and post-pancreatectomy hemorrhage. It provides surgeons more options when performing LPD. However, its safety and effectiveness should be verified further by a larger prospective multicenter study.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Pancreaticojejunostomia/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Intestinos/fisiologia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Fístula Pancreática/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreaticojejunostomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Técnicas de Sutura/efeitos adversos
7.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0249171, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032800

RESUMO

AIMS OF THE STUDY: The novel coronavirus pandemic has affected emergency department consultations for surgical pathologies. The aim of our study was to compare the number of acute appendicitis cases and the proportion of complicated appendicitis before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all data collected from a multi-center database of patients presenting to the emergency department for acute appendicitis during the COVID-19 pandemic from March 12 to June 6, 2020, and compared these data with those from the same periods in 2017, 2018, and 2019. The number of acute appendicitis cases, proportion of complicated appendicitis, and pre- and postoperative patient characteristics were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 306 patients were included in this evaluation. Sixty-five patients presented during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic lockdown (group A), and 241 patients in previous years (group B: 2017-2019). The number of consultations for acute appendicitis decreased by almost 20 percent during the pandemic compared with previous periods, with a significant increase in complicated appendicitis (52% in group A versus 20% in group B, p < 0,001.). Comparing the two groups, significant differences were also noted in the duration of symptoms (symptoms > 48h in 61% and 26%, p < 0,001), the intervention time (77 vs 61 minutes, p = 0,002), length of hospital stay (hospitalization of > 2 days in 63% and 32%, p < 0.001) and duration of antibiotic treatment (antibiotics > 3 days in 36% and 24% p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a decreased number of consultations for acute appendicitis, with a higher proportion of complicated appendicitis, most likely due to patient delay in consulting the emergency department at symptom onset. Patients and general practitioners should be aware of this problem to avoid a time delay from initial symptoms to consultation.


Assuntos
Apendicite/diagnóstico , /patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apendicite/complicações , Apendicite/epidemiologia , Apendicite/cirurgia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , /epidemiologia , Criança , Bases de Dados Factuais , Diagnóstico Tardio/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0251754, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043674

RESUMO

A prospective cohort study was conducted at the Indus Hospital Karachi, Pakistan between March and June 2020 to estimate the in-hospital mortality among hospitalized COVID-19 patients and its determinants. A total of 170 adult patients were enrolled and all-cause mortality was found to be 39% (67/170). Most non-survivors were above 60 years of age (64%) while gender distribution was quite similar in both groups (males: 77% vs 78%). Most (80.6%) non-survivors came with peripheral oxygen saturation less than 93% while 95% of them had critical disease on arrival. Use of non-invasive ventilation in emergency room was higher among non-survivors (56.7%) versus survivors (26.2%). Median Interleukin-6 levels were higher among non-survivors (78.6: IQR = 33.8-49.0) compared to survivors (21.8: IQR = 12.6-36.3). Most patients in the non-survivor group (86.6%) required invasive ventilator support during hospital stay compared to 7.8% in the survivors. The median duration of ICU stay was longer for non-survivors (9: IQR = 6-12) compared to survivors (5: IQR = 3-7) days. Univariable binary logistic regression showed that age above 60 years, oxygen saturation below 93%, Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio above 5, procalcitonin above 2ng/ml, unit increase in SOFA score and arterial lactate levels were associated with mortality. We also found that a unit decrease in Pao2/FiO2 ratio and serum albumin were associated with mortality in our patients. Multivariable regression showed that age above 60 years (aOR = 3.4: 95% CI = 1.6-6.9), peripheral oxygen saturation below 93% (aOR = 3.5:95% CI = 1.6-7.7) and serum pro-calcitonin above 2ng/ml (aOR = 4.8; 95% CI = 1.9-12.2) were associated with higher odds of mortality when adjusted by month of admission. Most common cause of death was multisystem organ failure in 35 (56.6%) non-survivors while 22 (35.5%) died due to respiratory failure. Larger prospective studies are needed to further strengthen these findings.


Assuntos
/sangue , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Oxigênio/sangue , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , /metabolismo , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paquistão , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial , Fatores de Risco
9.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(6 Supple A): 113-118, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053276

RESUMO

AIMS: Social determinants of health (SDOHs) may contribute to the total cost of care (TCOC) for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between demographic data, health status, and SDOHs on 30-day length of stay (LOS) and TCOC after this procedure. METHODS: Patients who underwent TKA between 1 January 2018 and 31 December 2019 were identified. A total of 234 patients with complete SDOH data were included. Data were drawn from the Chesapeake Regional Information System, the Centers for Disease Control social vulnerability index (SVI), the US Department of Agriculture, and institutional electronic medical records. The SVI identifies areas vulnerable to catastrophic events with four themed scores: socioeconomic status; household composition and disability; minority status and language; and housing and transportation. Food deserts were defined as neighbourhoods located one or ten miles from a grocery store in urban and rural areas, respectively. Multiple regression analyses were performed to determine associations with LOS and costs after controlling for various demographic parameters. RESULTS: Divorced status was significantly associated with an increased LOS (p = 0.043). Comorbidities significantly associated with an increased LOS included chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/asthma and congestive heart failure (p = 0.043 and p = 0.001, respectively). Communities with a higher density of tobacco stores were significantly associated with an increased LOS (p = 0.017). Comorbidities significantly associated with an increased TCOC included chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (p = 0.004), dementia (p = 0.048), and heart failure (p = 0.007). Increased TCOCs were significantly associated with patients who lived in food deserts (p = 0.001) and in areas with an increased density of tobacco stores (p = 0.023). CONCLUSION: Divorced marital status was significantly associated with an increased LOS following TKA. Living in food deserts and in communities with more tobacco stores were significant risk factors for increased LOS and TCOC. Food access and ease of acquiring tobacco may both prove to be prognostic of outcome after TKA and an opportunity for intervention. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6 Supple A):113-118.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos
10.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(6 Supple A): 126-130, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053290

RESUMO

AIMS: Manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA) remains an effective intervention to address restricted range of motion (ROM) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and occurs in 2% to 3% of primary TKAs at our institution. Since there are few data on the outcomes of MUA with different anaesthetic methods, we sought to compare the outcomes of patients undergoing MUA with intravenous (IV) sedation and neuraxial anaesthesia. METHODS: We identified 548 MUAs after primary TKA (136 IV sedation, 412 neuraxial anaesthesia plus IV sedation) from March 2016 to July 2019. The mean age of this cohort was 62 years (35 to 88) with a mean body mass index of 31 kg/m2 (18 to 49). The mean time from primary TKA to MUA was 10.2 weeks (6.2 to 24.3). Pre-MUA ROM was similar between groups; overall mean pre-MUA extension was 4.2° (p = 0.452) and mean pre-MUA flexion was 77° (p = 0.372). We compared orthopaedic complications, visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scores, length of stay (LOS), and immediate and three-month follow-up knee ROM between these groups. RESULTS: Following MUA, patients with IV sedation had higher mean VAS pain scores of 5.2 (SD 1.8) compared to 4.1 (SD = 1.5) in the neuraxial group (p < 0.001). The mean LOS was shorter in patients that received IV sedation (9.5 hours (4 to 31)) compared to neuraxial anaesthesia (11.9 hours (4 to 51)) (p = 0.009), but an unexpected overnight stay was similar in each group (8.6%). Immediate-post MUA ROM was 1° to 121° in the IV sedation group and 0.9° to 123° in the neuraxial group (p = 0.313). Three-month follow-up ROM was 2° to 108° in the IV sedation group and 1.9° to 110° in the neuraxial anaesthesia group (p = 0.325) with a mean loss of 13° (ranging from 5° gain to 60° loss), in both groups by three months. No patients in either group sustained a complication. CONCLUSION: IV sedation alone and neuraxial anaesthesia are both effective anaesthetic methods for MUA after primary TKA. Surgeons and anaesthetists should offer these anaesthetic techniques to match patient-specific needs as the orthopaedic outcomes are similar. Also, patients should be counselled that ROM following MUA may decrease over time. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(6 Supple A):126-130.


Assuntos
Anestesia/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
11.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 412, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33947345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 in December 2019, more than 8 million cases have occurred worldwide as of June 16, 2020. However, it is important to distinguish COVID-19 from other respiratory infectious diseases, such as influenza. Here, we comparatively described the clinical characteristics of children with COVID-19 and paediatric patients with influenza. METHODS: In this retrospective, single-centre study, we reviewed the electronic medical records of 585 paediatric patients with COVID-19 or influenza in Wuhan Children's Hospital, China. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics, laboratory findings, and clinical outcomes were comparatively analysed. RESULTS: The median ages were 6.96 years (IQR, 2-10.81) for children with confirmed COVID-19, 2.67 years (IQR, 1.03-15.25) for those with influenza A and 3.67 years (IQR, 1.62-5.54) for those with influenza B. Fever was a symptom in 84 (34.7%) COVID-19 cases, 132 (70.21%) influenza A cases and 111 (74.50%) influenza B cases. The median length of stay (LOS) was 11 (8-15) days for paediatric COVID-19 patients, 4 (3-6) days for influenza A patients and 5 (3-6) days for influenza B patients. Twenty-six (13.98%) influenza A patients and 18 (12.59%) influenza B patients presented with decreased white blood cell counts, while 13 (5.33%) COVID-19 patients presented with decreased white blood cell counts. Eight (3.28%) COVID-19 patients, 23 (12.71%) influenza A patients and 21 (14.79%) influenza B patients experienced lymphocytopenia. Acute cardiac injury occurred in 18 (7.29%) COVID-19 patients, while 37 (19.68%) influenza A and 27 (18.12%) influenza B patients had acute cardiac injury. CONCLUSION: In this study, the illnesses of children with COVID-19 were demonstrated to be less severe than those of paediatric patients with influenza, and COVID-19 patients had milder illness and fewer complications.


Assuntos
/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/etiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Febre/epidemiologia , Hospitais Pediátricos , Humanos , Lactente , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação , Linfopenia/epidemiologia , Linfopenia/virologia , Masculino , /epidemiologia , /virologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Nutr Health Aging ; 25(5): 702-709, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33949641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frail patients are increasingly vulnerable to stress, which is mainly manifested by a reduced physiologic reserve in metabolic and immune systems and neuromuscular system. Several studies found a significant association of frailty with COVID-19 severity to support the evidence for the application of frailty assessment. However, there were contradictory results in other studies. Thus we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesize the current studies to investigate impact of frailty on COVID-19 outcomes and provide evidence-based decisions in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to synthesize the current studies to investigate impact of frailty on COVID-19 outcomes and provide evidence-based decisions in clinical practice. DESIGN: A systematic review and Meta-analysis of 16 cohort studies. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A systematic retrieving for potential literature was conducted in several public electronic databases, including Medline(OvidSP), EMBASE, Pubmed and Chinese databases(China National Knowledge Infrastructure,Wanfang and Weipu) on August 1, 2020.The literature research was updated on October 26, 2020. Newcastle Ottawa Scale for cohort studies was used for quality assessment. RevMan (Version 5.3) and Stata 14.0 were used to synthesize the pooled effects. RESULTS: According to the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, sixteen studies of 4324 patients were included in the final analysis. Frailty was significantly associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality among patients with COVID-19, with pooled adjusted odds ratios of 1.81 (95% confidence intervals:1.48,2.21, I2=87.0%, P<0.001). The result was consistent in stratified analysis to according to age, patient source, definitions of frailty, study quality, and adjustment method. Frailty was significant associated with an increased risk of COVID-19 severity, admission to intensive care unit, application of invasive mechanical ventilation, long-length stay. CONCLUSIONS: In this meta-analysis, we found frailty was significantly associated with an increased risk of clinical adverse events (all- cause mortality, COVID-19 severity, admission to the intensive care unit, application of invasive mechanical ventilation, long-length stay). Given the epidemic of COVID-19 and shortage of medical resources, paying more attention to screening frailty would contribute to disease management and resource allocation among patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
/patologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Fragilidade/patologia , China , Estudos de Coortes , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 474, 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Truly patient-centred care needs to be aligned with what patients consider important, and is highly desirable in the first 24 h of an acute admission, as many decisions are made during this period. However, there is limited knowledge on what matters most to patients in this phase of their hospital stay. The objective of this study was to identify what mattered most to patients in acute care and to assess the patient perspective as to whether their treating doctors were aware of this. METHODS: This was a large-scale, qualitative, flash mob study, conducted simultaneously in sixty-six hospitals in seven countries, starting November 14th 2018, ending 50 h later. One thousand eight hundred fifty adults in the first 24 h of an acute medical admission were interviewed on what mattered most to them, why this mattered and whether they felt the treating doctor was aware of this. RESULTS: The most reported answers to "what matters most (and why)?" were 'getting better or being in good health' (why: to be with family/friends or pick-up life again), 'getting home' (why: more comfortable at home or to take care of someone) and 'having a diagnosis' (why: to feel less anxious or insecure). Of all patients, 51.9% felt the treating doctor did not know what mattered most to them. CONCLUSIONS: The priorities for acutely admitted patients were ostensibly disease- and care-oriented and thus in line with the hospitals' own priorities. However, answers to why these were important were diverse, more personal, and often related to psychological well-being and relations. A large group of patients felt their treating doctor did not know what mattered most to them. Explicitly asking patients what is important and why, could help healthcare professionals to get to know the person behind the patient, which is essential in delivering patient-centred care. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NTR (Netherlands Trial Register) NTR7538 .


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Projetos de Pesquisa , Adulto , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Países Baixos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 445, 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34001041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) caused by Hantaan virus is characterized by systemic immunopathological injury. Pentraxin-3 is an acute-phase reactant involved in the processes of inflammation and infection. This study aimed to investigate the levels of plasma pentraxin-3 and evaluate its predictive value on disease severity and mortality risk in patients with HFRS. METHODS: This was a prospective real-world observational study. The concentrations of plasma pentraxin-3 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 105 HFRS patients and 27 healthy controls. We analyzed the clinical relevance between pentraxin-3 and clinical subtyping, hospital stay and conventional laboratory parameters of HFRS patients. Considering the prognosis (death) as the primary endpoint, the levels of pentraxin-3 between survivors and non-survivors were compared, and its association with mortality was assessed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. The predictive potency of pentraxin-3 for mortality risk in HFRS patients was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: The levels of pentraxin-3 during the acute phase were increased with the aggravation of the disease, and showed the highest expression in critical-type patients (P < 0.05). Pentraxin-3 demonstrated significant correlations with conventional laboratory parameters (WBC, PLT, AST, ALB, APTT, Fib) and the length of hospital stay. Compared with the survivors, non-survivors showed higher levels of pentraxin-3 and worse expressions of conventional laboratory parameters during the acute phase. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that high levels of pentraxin-3 during the acute phase were significantly associated with the death in HFRS patients. Pentraxin-3 demonstrated significant predictive value for the mortality risk of HFRS patients, with the area under ROC curve (AUC) of 0.753 (95%CI: 0.593 ~ 0.914, P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: The detection of plasma pentraxin-3 might be beneficial to the evaluation of disease severity and to the prediction of mortality risk in HFRS patients.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/patologia , Componente Amiloide P Sérico/análise , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Feminino , Vírus Hantaan/isolamento & purificação , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/mortalidade , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/virologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(20): e26069, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011126

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a life threatening device related infection in intensive care units. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is considered a common contagious pathogen causing pneumonia and sepsis.To assess the prevalence of S aureus in comparison to other pathogens, and their antibacterial sensitivity profile in ventilator-associated pneumonia.Data regarding ventilator-associated pneumonia of adults admitted to the intensive care unit, at the Jordan University of Science and Technology Hospital, between 2012 and 2018 were extracted from the computerized system. Microorganisms and their susceptibility profiles were identified according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute.There were 547 isolates, of which 35 (6.4%) were Gram positive, 59% were methicillin resistant. Gram-negative isolates were present in 507 (92.6%) isolates, of which 82% were multidrug resistant, and 1% were Candida species.Gram-negative bacterial infections were significantly associated with ventilation usage. S aureus was not the predominant pathogen.


Assuntos
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Cuidados Críticos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Jordânia , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Respiração Artificial , Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico , Centros de Atenção Terciária
16.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(5): 269-273, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) outbreak had an effect on healthcare. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presentation and management of patients with acute appendicitis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of all patients presenting with acute appendicitis to the emergency department of a large tertiary center during March and April 2020. Clinical features, diagnostic workup, and management were compared. RESULTS: Seventy-four patients presented with acute appendicitis during the pandemic compared to 60 patients during the same time the year before. There were no significant differences in patient demographics: age (P = 0.65), gender (P = 0.73), smoking status (P = 0.48). During COVID-19 patients were more likely to complain of right lower quadrant pain (100% vs. 78.3%, P < 0.01). Rates of surgical treatment was similar (83.8% vs. 81.7%, P = 1); mean operative time was longer during COVID-19 (63 ± 23 vs. 52 ± 26 minutes, P = 0.03). There were no significant differences in intra-operative findings including the presence of appendiceal perforation (16.3% vs. 14.5%, P = 0.8), abscess (6.1% vs. 9.7%, P = 0.73), or involvement of cecum or terminal ileum (14.28% vs. 19.63%, P = 1). Postoperative treatment with antibiotics was more prevalent during COVID-19 (37.1% vs. 18%, P = 0.04). Length of stay (1.82 ± 2.04 vs. 2.74 ± 4.68, P = 0.2) and readmission rates (6% vs. 11.3%, P =0.51) were similar. CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic did not significantly affect the presentation, clinical course, management, and outcomes of patients presenting with acute appendicitis.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Apendicectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Apendicite/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Apendicite/diagnóstico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(21): e25645, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032692

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Since December 2019, pneumonia caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), namely 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), has rapidly spread from Wuhan city to other cities across China. The present study was designed to describe the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of 74 hospitalized patients with COVID-19.Clinical data of 74 COVID-19 patients were collected to analyze the epidemiological, demographic, laboratory, radiological, and treatment data. Thirty-two patients were followed up and tested for the presence of the viral nucleic acid and by pulmonary computed tomography (CT) scan at 7 and 14 days after they were discharged.Among all COVID-19 patients, the median incubation period for patients and the median period from symptom onset to admission was all 6 days; the median length of hospitalization was 13 days. Fever symptoms were presented in 83.78% of the patients, and the second most common symptom was cough (74.32%), followed by fatigue and expectoration (27.03%). Inflammatory indicators, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP) of the intensive care unit (ICU) patients were significantly higher than that of the non-ICU patients (P < .05). However, 50.00% of the ICU patients had their the ratio of T helper cells to cytotoxic T cells (CD4/CD8) ratio lower than 1.1, whose proportion is much higher than that in non-ICU patients (P < .01).Compared with patients in Wuhan, COVID-19 patients in Anhui Province seemed to have milder symptoms of infection, suggesting that there may be some regional differences in the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 between different cities.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Tosse/epidemiologia , Febre/epidemiologia , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antibioticoprofilaxia/estatística & dados numéricos , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , /epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Tosse/sangue , Tosse/terapia , Tosse/virologia , Feminino , Febre/sangue , Febre/terapia , Febre/virologia , Seguimentos , Geografia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Estudos Retrospectivos , /isolamento & purificação , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
18.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 281: 575-579, 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34042641

RESUMO

In this study we are developing predictive models for a length of stay after a gynecological surgery, complications and the length of the surgery using machine learning methods. The study was performed with the data of patients with the diseases of the female reproductive system. The patients were admitted to the Almazov National Medical Research Centre (Saint-Petersburg, Russia) within the period 2010-2020. The study included 8170 electronic medical records of inpatient episodes including 3500 operation protocols. The data included anamnesis of life, anamnesis of disease, laboratory tests, severity, outcome of a surgery, main and comorbid diagnosis, complications, case outcome. The dataset was randomly split into 70% train and 30% test datasets. Validation with the test dataset provided the following prediction metrics for the length of stay after a surgery model. Training score: AUC of ROC: 0.9582230976834093; K-fold CV average score: -8.73; MSE: 5.65; RMSE: 2.83.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia , Aprendizado de Máquina , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Federação Russa
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