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JAMA ; 323(6): 576, 2020 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044934
Epilepsy Behav ; 80: 135-143, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29414543


Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179AD) is one of the most relevant figures of the Middle Ages. She wrote two medical books, Physica (Natural history) and Causae et curae (Causes and remedies). Our aim was to provide a comprehensive account of Hildegard of Bingen's conception of epilepsy, of the remedies proposed to treat it, and of the medical and physiological theories behind their use. We searched Hildegard of Bingen's entire body of writings to identify any possible reference to epilepsy or epileptic seizures. We reported the identified passages referring to epilepsy and discussed their content in light of medieval medical and physiological theories. Most references to epilepsy were found in Physica and Causae et curae. The suggested remedies against epilepsy range from herbal preparations to animal remedies and jewel therapy. Hildegard's conception of epilepsy gives the impression of an original revisitation of the traditional theory of humors, and carries strong moral connotations. Hildegard of Bingen's conception of epilepsy appears strongly rooted in medieval thinking and less in physiological theories. However, it differs in many respects to the traditional medieval beliefs and is a further proof of her unique personality. As living testimony of the past, Hildegard's writings enable us to shed a fascinating light on the beliefs concerning epilepsy in the middle ages.

Epilepsia/história , Epilepsia/terapia , História Medieval , Manuscritos Médicos como Assunto/história , Terapêutica/história , Animais , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Processos Mentais , Personalidade , Pensamento , Redação
Dan Medicinhist Arbog ; 44: 31-47, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês, Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737661


At the end of the eighteenth century a scientific basis for medicine was called for. The Scottish physician John Brown proposed an all-comprising medical system in 1780. A surplus or lack of stimulating factors, the prime movers of life according to Brown, was supposed to explain all diseases and indicate their treatment. Individuals only subjected to a small degree of stimulation became affected by "asthenic diseases" which were the most frequent diseases. They should be treated with abundant food and wine, supplemented with camphor, opium, or other drugs considered to be stimulating. Conversely, individuals with "sthenic diseases" should reduce their intake of food and beverage. Brown's system was received with transient approval by some Danish physicians from the late 1790s. But it soon proved to be of no value in medical practice, and its success dwindled within academic medicine around 1814. On the other hand, it seemed to generate new ideas. It became linked with the German Romantic Movement and "Naturphilosophie." The widespread use of camphor and opium in both academic and folk medicine, continued throughout the nine- teenth century and into the twentieth century.

Terapêutica/história , Cânfora/história , Cânfora/uso terapêutico , Dinamarca , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Ópio/história , Ópio/uso terapêutico
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 13(1): 41-74, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26203539


The organic mineraloid gemstone, amber, a fossilized resin collected from Eocene deposits laid down around 44 million years old on the Baltic coast, has been an important geopharmaceutical in the western materia medica since classical times. Once rendered into powdered form, it could be delivered into the body using a wide range of vehicles including lozenges, pills, tablets, troches, electuaries, solutions and lohochs (lick-pots), and with toast and poached eggs. Acting either alone or in combination with a wide range of botanical, zoological and other geological ingredients, it was employed in the treatment of a huge range of diseases. Most prominent among these were various vascular disorders (e.g. haemoptysis, haemorrhage, excessive menstrual bleeding), problems with the urogenital system (e.g. tendency towards miscarriage, impotence, venereal diseases, strangury, dysuria and bladder stones) and alimentary conditions, particularly dysentery. A variety of infectious diseases, including plague, gonorrhoea, measles and fevers could be targeted with amber-containing preparations, as could epilepsy, melancholy and the ravages of old age. Rather more unusual applications included its use in the treatment of impotence, halitosis, drunkenness and a weak back.

Âmbar/história , Âmbar/uso terapêutico , Doença , Fósseis , História Antiga , História Medieval , Humanos , Terapêutica/história
Klin Med (Mosk) ; 93(9): 72-8, 2015.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27008749


Evgeny Sergeevch Botkin, son of the legendary Russian internist Sergey Petrovich Botkin, was a court physician for Tsar Nikolai II. After Nikolai abdicated the throne on 15 March (2 March in the Julian calendar) 1917, E.S. Botkin felt it was his duty to accompany the Romanovs into exile to Siberia and continued to selflessly treat the crown prince Aleksey, other members of the Romanov family and all those who applied for his advice. He was shot together with the Romanovs in the basement room of the Ipatiev house, Ekaterinburg, remaining loyal to professional duty and the word given to the Emperor.

Medicina Militar/história , Médicos/história , Terapêutica/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Federação Russa
Am J Psychiatry ; 171(7): 732, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24980170
aSEPHallus ; 9(17): 19-42, nov. 2013-abr. 2014.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-772250


Este artigo pretende percorrer a história do conceito de psicanálise aplicada à terapêutica para pensar as condições de funcionamento de uma prática psicanalítica no contexto das clínicas universitárias. Nesta retomada histórica, privilegia-se a discussão sobre a técnica ativa, proposta por Ferenczi, e a educação emocional corretiva, proposta por Alexander, que inspiraram as chamadas Psicoterapias Breves. Finalmente debruça-se sobre a experiência, iniciada em 2003, através de Centros Psicanalíticos de Consulta e Tratamento (CPCTs), de oferecer à população tratamento gratuito com tempo limitado, funcionando também como lugar de formação e pesquisa. Consideramos que esta experiência pode contribuir para a discussão sobre a prática terapêutica de orientação psicanalítica oferecida nas clínicas universitárias

Cet article l’intention de faire un parcours historique sur la question de la psycahanalyse appliquée à la thérapeutique, pour analyser les conditons de fonctionnement d’une pratique psychanalytique dans le contexte des cliniques universitaires. Dans cette reprise historique nous avons privilegié la téchnique active, proposée par Ferenczi, et l’éducation émotionnelle corrective, proposée par Alexander, qui sont reconnues comme inspiratrices des Psychotérapies Brèves. Finalement nous examinons l’expérience initiée en 2003, dans le CPCT (Centre Psychanalytique de Consultation et Traitement), qui propose des traitements gratuits avec un temps limité et qui fonctionne aussi como un centre de formation et de recherche clinique. Nous considerons que cette expérience peut contribuer au débat sur la pratique térapeuthique d’orientation psychanalytique dans le contexte des cliniques universitaires

This article aims to conduct a historical approach of psychoanalysis applied in therapeutics in order to consider the operating conditions of a psychoanalytic practice in the university’s clinics. In this historical perspective, we emphasize the discussion about Ferenczi’s active technique, as well as Alexander’s corrective emotional experience, which have inspired the Brief Psychotherapies. Finally, we examine the CPCT’s (Psychoanalytic Center of Consultation and Treatment) experience, initiated in 2003, which offers a free treatment for a limited time to the community, working also as training and research clinics. We consider that this experience can contribute to the discussion about the psychoanalytical therapeutic practice offered in the University’s clinics

Psicanálise/história , Terapêutica/história