Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 187
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(16): e25601, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879725

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: There is controversy in clinical application of antiplatelet drugs by monitoring platelet function. Therefore, we explored whether early and dynamic medication could bring better clinical outcomes for patients under the guidance of platelet function tests (PFT).In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed the prognostic events of 1550 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) at Tianjin People's Hospital in China. They received dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from January 2017 to December 2018. The primary endpoint was based on the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 or 5 major bleeding. Secondary endpoints included MACCE (all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, stent thrombosis, and unplanned target vessel reconstruction) and BARC 1 to 2 minor bleeding. The endpoint events within 1 year after PCI were recorded. Patients were divided into a guided group and a control group according to the drug adjustment by PFT results. After the propensity scores matched, the end points of 2 groups were compared, and subgroup analysis was performed on major bleeding events.After propensity score matching, there were 511 cases in the guided group and the control group, respectively. The primary endpoint events occurred in 10 patients (1.96%) in the guided group and 23 patients (4.5%) in the control group (HR: 0.45; 95% CI, 0.21-0.95; P = .037). After the guided group adjusted drug doses, the risk of major bleeding was lower than standard DAPT of the control group. Although some patients in the guided group reduced doses earlier, the incidence of MACCE events did not increase in the guided group compared with the control group (4.89% vs 6.07%; P = .41). There was no statistical difference in BARC 1 to 2 minor bleeding (P = .22). Subgroup analysis showed that PFT was more effective in patients with diabetes and multivessel disease.Early observation of dynamic PFT in ACS patients after PCI can guide individualized antiplatelet therapy to reduce the risk of major bleeding without increasing the risk of ischemia.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Testes de Função Plaquetária/estatística & dados numéricos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Idoso , China , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Am J Cardiol ; 144 Suppl 1: S23-S31, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706987

RESUMO

Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), the combination of aspirin (ASA), and a P2Y12 inhibitor, protects against stent thrombosis and new atherothrombotic events after a stent implantation or an acute coronary syndrome, but exposes patients to an increased risk of bleeding. In most current practices, the P2Y12 inhibitor is stopped at 6 to 12 months and ASA is continued indefinitely. The advent of safer stents, with less risk of stent thrombosis, has challenged this standard of care, however. A number of alternative strategies involving earlier de-escalation of the antiplatelet therapy have therefore been proposed. In these approaches, standard DAPT is switched to a less potent antithrombotic combination at an earlier time-point than recommended by guidelines. Three different de-escalation variations have been tested to date. The first one maintains DAPT but switches from the potent P2Y12 inhibitors ticagrelor or prasugrel to either a lower dose or to clopidogrel, while maintaining ASA. The 2 other approaches involve changing DAPT to a single antiplatelet at some earlier time-point after the percutaneous coronary intervention procedure, by stopping either the P2Y12 inhibitor or ASA. These strategies have all demonstrated some benefit in clinical trials so far, but especially the contribution of ASA in secondary prevention is clearly evolving as its role in increasing bleeding complications while not providing increased ischemic benefit is becoming more and more clear. In contemporary practice, the type and duration of DAPT should now be based on an individualized decision, and the de-escalation strategies, if used wisely, can be added to the existing options.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Stents
3.
Am J Cardiol ; 144 Suppl 1: S32-S39, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706988

RESUMO

In patients with atrial fibrillation who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), both anticoagulation and dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin plus a P2Y12 inhibitor) are indicated. However, this "triple" antithrombotic therapy is associated with high rates of bleeding. Finding the right balance of reducing ischemic risk and protecting coronary stents from restenosis while not increasing bleeding risk is difficult. In the past 5 years, 6 randomized clinical trials have shown the benefit of dropping aspirin from the triple therapy regimen to create "dual" therapy (oral anticoagulants and P2Y12 inhibitors alone) with reductions in bleeding without a significant increase in ischemic events. Because of small trends toward higher risk of stent thrombosis, especially in higher risk patients with acute coronary syndromes, current recommendations call for dual therapy as the "default" regimen, but that risk stratification be used to help inform the decision on potentially using a brief period of triple therapy in selected high ischemic risk patients. For long-term therapy (after one year post-PCI), recent studies have found oral anticoagulation alone without any antiplatelet therapy has a favorable benefit risk ratio. Thus, while dropping aspirin at varying times post-PCI has become an attractive strategy in many patient groups, careful patient selection and individualized assessment of the risk:benefit balance is warranted.


Assuntos
Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/prevenção & controle , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Stents
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(9): e24698, 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33655934

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Capsular warning syndrome (CWS) is a term to describe stereotyped lacunar transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). Patients with CWS are at high risk of developing completed stroke. However, the exact pathophysiology of CWS is still unclear, and there is no conclusive clinical strategy for CWS patients. PATIENT SYMPTOMS: Two cases of middle-aged men with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus presented with fluctuating right-sided weakness, numbness, and dysarthria. DIAGNOSES: These two patients were diagnosed with CWS. INTERVENTIONS: Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) intravenous thrombolysis (0.9 mg/kg) was administered first and treated with aspirin (100 mg) and clopidogrel (75 mg) after 24 h of rt-PA for 21 days following by aspirin (100 mg) alone. OUTCOMES: Both cases got favorable clinical outcomes of somatic symptoms. In addition, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI or DW-MRI) showed that ischemic injury disappeared in case 1 while maintained within a reasonable range in case 2. LESSONS: Early recognition and rt-PA/dual antiplatelet treatment may be an effective strategy for patients with CWS.


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/tratamento farmacológico , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Síndrome , Terapia Trombolítica , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(5): 105677, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAT) is a therapeutic option for patients with minor ischemic stroke (IS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA). No study has evaluated the incidence of early bleeding in patients with moderate to major ischemic stroke. The current study aimed to analyze both the frequency of early bleeding and hospital morbidity related to DAT for either acute IS or TIA regardless of admission National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis based on data collected from a prospective data bank of a single center. We included patients who underwent DAT in the first 24 hours of symptom onset with a loading dose (aspirin 300 mg + clopidogrel 300 mg) on the first day, followed by a maintenance dose (aspirin 100 mg + clopidogrel 75 mg). We analyzed intracranial and/or extracranial hemorrhage that had occurred during the hospital admission, symptomatic bleeding, modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at discharge, and death rates as outcomes. RESULTS: Of the 119 patients analyzed, 94 (79 %) had IS and 25 (21 %) had TIA. Hemorrhage occurred in 11 (9.2 %) and four (3.4 %) patients with TIA or NIHSS ≤ 3, respectively, although none were symptomatic. Patients with bleeding as a complication had higher admission NIHSS [4 (3-7) vs. 2 (1-4), p = 0.044] and had higher mRS at discharge (mRS 2 [1-5] vs. mRS 1 [0-2], p = 0.008). These findings did not indicate increased mortality, as one (9 %) patient died from bleeding and two (1.8 %) patients died without bleeding (p = 0.254). CONCLUSION: DAT seems to be a safe therapy in patients regardless of admission NIHSS if started within the first 24 h after symptom onset because only 1.6 % of patients had symptomatic bleeding.


Assuntos
Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/induzido quimicamente , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/tratamento farmacológico , Admissão do Paciente , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Tempo para o Tratamento , Idoso , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Brasil/epidemiologia , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Bases de Dados Factuais , Esquema de Medicação , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Hemorragias Intracranianas/diagnóstico , Hemorragias Intracranianas/mortalidade , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(2): e2037438, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591368

RESUMO

Importance: Although the use of factor Xa (FXa) inhibitors has increased substantially over the past decade, there are limited data on characteristics and outcomes of FXa inhibitor-associated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Objective: To investigate the association between prior oral anticoagulant use (FXa inhibitors, warfarin, or none) and in-hospital outcomes among patients with nontraumatic ICH. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a cohort study of 219 701 patients with nontraumatic ICH admitted to 1870 hospitals in the Get With The Guidelines-Stroke registry between October 2013 and May 2018. Data analysis was performed in December 2019. Exposures: Anticoagulation therapy before ICH. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes were a composite measure of in-hospital mortality or discharge to hospice, discharge home, independent ambulation, and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at discharge. Results: Of 219 701 patients (mean [SD] age, 68.2 [15.3] years; 104 940 women [47.8%]), 9202 (4.2%) were taking FXa inhibitors, 21 430 (9.8%) were taking warfarin, and 189 069 (86.0%) were not taking any oral anticoagulant before ICH. Patients taking FXa inhibitors or warfarin were older and had higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. Compared with those not taking an oral anticoagulant (42 660 of 189 069 patients [22.6%]), the in-hospital mortality risk was higher for both FXa inhibitors (2487 of 9202 patients [27.0%]; adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.27; 95% CI, 1.20-1.34; P < .001) and warfarin (7032 of 21 430 patients [32.8%]; aOR, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.60-1.74; P < .001). Both FXa inhibitors (3478 of 9202 patients [37.8%]; aOR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.13-1.26; P < .001) and warfarin (9151 of 21 430 patients [42.7%]; aOR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.44-1.56; P < .001) were associated with higher odds of death or discharge to hospice compared with not taking oral anticoagulation (58 022 of 189 069 patients [30.7%]). Although the rates of discharge home, independent ambulation, mRS scores of 0 or 1, and mRS scores of 0 to 2 were numerically lower among patients taking FXa inhibitors, these differences were not significant compared with patients not taking oral anticoagulants. In contrast, patients taking FXa inhibitors were less likely to die (aOR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.72-0.81; P < .001) or to experience death or discharge to hospice (aOR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.75-0.84; P < .001), more likely to be discharged home (aOR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.10-1.26; P < .001), and had better mRS scores at discharge (eg, mRS scores of 0-1: aOR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.09-1.40; P < .001) than those treated with warfarin. Concomitant warfarin and antiplatelet therapy (either single or dual) was associated with worse outcomes compared with taking warfarin alone (eg, in-hospital mortality for dual-antiplatelet agents: aOR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.72-2.50; P < .001). However, such incremental risk was not significant in patients taking FXa inhibitors. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, FXa inhibitor-associated ICH was associated with higher risk of mortality or death or discharge to hospice than not taking an oral anticoagulant, but patients taking FXa inhibitors had better outcomes than those with warfarin-related ICH.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/mortalidade , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Varfarina/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hemorragia Cerebral/induzido quimicamente , Estudos de Coortes , Deambulação com Auxílio , Quimioterapia Combinada , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Hospitais para Doentes Terminais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Alta do Paciente , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco
7.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(4): 1276-1285, 2021 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASi) represent the cornerstone in the treatment of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), mainly after an acute ischemic event. However, high-on treatment residual platelet reactivity (HRPR), is not infrequent despite optimal medical treatment. Homocysteine (Hcy) is a metabolite of methionine catabolism linked to atherothrombosis. Recently, a potential crosstalk between RAS and Hcy has been suggested, potentially favouring platelet aggregation and cardiovascular disease.Therefore, we aimed to investigate the impact of RASi on Hcy levels and platelet aggregation in patients on DAPT after PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients undergoing PCI on DAPT with ASA plus an ADP-antagonist (clopidogrel, ticagrelor or prasugrel), were included. RASi comprised angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB). Aggregation tests were performed by Multiple Electrode Aggregometry. We included 1210 patients, of whom 862 (71.2%) were on treatment with RASi. Overall, DAPT composition was ASA+clopidogrel in 566 (46.8%) patients, ASA+ticagrelor in 428 (35.4%) and ASA+prasugrel in 216 (17.9%). Median values of Hcy were higher in RASi patients (p = 0.006), who displayed a higher percentage of Hcy above the median value (52.4% vs. 44.8%, p = 0.019, adjustedOR [95%CI] = 1.40 [1.04-1.88], p = 0.027). No differences in HRPR rate were found according to RASi use for ASPI test (3.6% vs. 3.3%, p = 0.88) and ADP test (25.6% vs. 24.3%,p = 0.62; adjustedOR [95%CI] = 1.23 [0.89-1.70], p = 0.220) and according to ADP-antagonist type. A direct linear relationship was observed between platelet reactivity and Hcy in both patients receiving RASi and untreated ones, with higher values of platelet aggregation being observed in patients with Hcy above the median, independently from RASi administration and DAPT strategy. CONCLUSION: In patients on DAPT after PCI, RASi treatment did not emerge as an independent predictor of HRPR. However, the levels of Hcy were significantly elevated in patients on RASi and related to higher values of platelet reactivity, independently from the DAPT strategy.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Homocisteína/sangue , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima
8.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 30(4): 105654, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: About 15% of patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation might require percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) with stent placement to treat obstructive coronary artery disease. Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and P2Y12 antagonist is recommended after PCI. Patients requiring DAPT also require treatment with oral anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation. We conducted a meta-analysis to identify the antithrombotic regimen associated with the lowest rate of bleeding and thromboembolic events in non-valvular atrial fibrillation after PCI. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane databases to identify randomized trials that investigated the use of dual antiplatelet therapy and vitamin K antagonist and/or Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOAC) (triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT)) against single antiplatelet agent and NOAC (dual antithrombotic therapy (DAT)) in the setting of coronary artery disease (CAD) requiring PCI and non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Random-effect models were used to pool data. We used the I2 statistic to measure heterogeneity between trials. RESULTS: We found 4 randomized clinical trials (ENTRUST, AUGUSTUS, PIONEER, REDUAL) using different NOACs. Overall, 9241 patients (median age 70 years, 41.4% female, mean CHADS2VASC Score 3.5) were included. We excluded patients in the very low dose rivaroxaban group from the PIONEER AF-PCI trial and low dose dabigatran group from the REDUAL PCI trial as these are not available in the United States. Our metanalysis showed that dual therapy was associated with less risk of intracranial hemorrhage (RR 0.55, 95% CI 0.31-0.99; p = 0.045; I2 = 42%) and major bleeding (RR 0.66; 95% CI 0.55-0.79; p < 0.0001; I2 = 27%) as compared to triple therapy. Further risk of ischemic stroke (RR 0.94, 95% CI 0.63-1.39; p = 0.75; I2=0%), myocardial infarction (RR 1.18, 95% CI 0.94-1.47; p = 0.16; I2 = 0), or stent thrombosis (RR 0.50, 95% CI 0.93-2.41; p = 0.10; I2 = 0%) were unchanged. Similar findings were also noted on analysis of NOAC specific DAT vs VKA based TAT. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of an antiplatelet and NOACs (dual therapy) is associated with less risk of major bleeding and intracranial hemorrhage, with no significant difference in ischemic events (stroke myocardial infarction or stent thrombosis).


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/mortalidade , Hemorragia Cerebral/induzido quimicamente , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , /mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(6): e24550, 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence related to bleeding and thromboembolic events after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) compared single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) treatment are inconsistent. Moreover, there are some limitations such as small sample size and the risk of bias in existing studies. We will conduct a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the safety and efficacy of SAPT or DAPT after TAVR. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials will be searched to retrieve studies involving SAPT versus DAPT after TAVR. Two investigators will independently select studies, extract data, and assess the quality of the included study. Any disagreement will be resolved by the third investigator. The study will use a random-effects model to pool the results of all studies and use the relative risk and 95% confidence intervals to summarize individual trial outcomes and estimate pooled effect. The study will use the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation to assess the certainty of evidence. RESULTS: This study will provide high-quality evidence for treatment of TAVR in terms of effectiveness and safety. CONCLUSION: This systematic review aims to provide evidence for treatment of TAVR in different antiplatelet therapies. REGISTRATION: The systematic review and meta-analysis is registered in the OSF REGISTRIES (10.17605/OSF.IO/Q42TE) international prospective register.


Assuntos
Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
10.
Am J Cardiol ; 145: 111-118, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454348

RESUMO

The relative safety and efficacy of aspirin versus dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT; aspirin+clopidogrel) in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and did not have a long-term indication for oral anticoagulation remains controversial. Digital databases were searched to identify relevant articles. The major safety end point was bleeding, while the efficacy end points included after-TAVI ischemic and thrombotic events. Data were analyzed using a random effect model to calculate the pooled unadjusted odds ratio (OR) for dichotomous outcomes. Eleven studies comprising 4805 patients (aspirin 2258, DAPT 2547) were included in the quantitative analysis. Patients receiving aspirin-alone had significantly lower odds of all cause bleeding (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.29 to .057, p <0.00001), major vascular bleeding (OR 0.51, 95% CI 0.34 to 0.77, p = 0.001), Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 (VARC-2) major bleeding (OR 0.50, 95% CI 0.30 to 0.83 p = 0.008), VARC-2 minor bleeding (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.31 to 0.97, p = 0.04), transfusion requirement (OR 0.39, 95%CI 0.15 to 0.0.98, p = 0.05) and major vascular complications (OR0.41, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.66, p = 0.0002) compared with after-TAVI patients receiving both aspirin and clopidogrel. These was no significant difference in the odds of VARC-2 life threatening bleeding (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.25 to 1.07, p = 0.08), prosthetic valve thrombosis (OR 1.17, 95% CI 0.22 to 6.30, p = 0.85), cardiac tamponade (OR 0.77, 95% CI 0.20 to 2.98, p = 0.70), conversion to open procedure (OR 1.99, 95 % CI 0.42 to 9.44, p = 0.39), MI (OR 0.79 95% CI 0.38 to 1.64, p = 0.52), transient ischemic attack (TIA) (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.12 to 6.44, p = 0.91), major stroke (OR 0.68 95 % CI 0.43 to 1.08, p = 0.10), disabling stroke (0R 1.01, 95% CI 0.41 to 2.48, p = 0.99), cardiovascular mortality (OR 0.81 95% CI 0.38 to 1.74, p = 0.59) and all-cause mortality (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.63 to 1.16, p = 0.31) between the 2 groups. In conclusion, after-TAVI patients who received aspirin alone had lower bleeding events with no significant differences in mortality and stroke rate compared with those who received DAPT.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/epidemiologia , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/prevenção & controle , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Razão de Chances , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Trombose/epidemiologia
11.
Int Heart J ; 62(1): 171-174, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455983

RESUMO

A 41-year-old woman with chest pain for 6 hours was admitted to our chest pain center, presenting with acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography showed acute total occlusion in the proximal left anterior descending artery due to late stent thrombosis. After thrombus aspiration and intracoronary administration of 0.5 mg tirofiban, repeated angiography showed that no obvious residual stenosis remained. The patient underwent drug-coated balloon angioplasty 69 days ago and was then administered dual antiplatelet treatment (aspirin and clopidogrel) uninterruptedly. Genetic testing found that both cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) (G681A) and glycoprotein Ia (GPIa) (C807T, G873A) were hybrid mutant types, demonstrating that the patient was possibly resistant to clopidogrel and aspirin simultaneously. Thus, clopidogrel was replaced by ticagrelor and no more cardiovascular adverse events occurred during the 2-year follow-up.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária/etiologia , Reestenose Coronária/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão/métodos , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Oclusão Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Reestenose Coronária/terapia , Citocromo P-450 CYP2C19/genética , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Integrina alfa2/genética , Mutação/genética , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/administração & dosagem , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/uso terapêutico , Stents/efeitos adversos , Trombectomia/métodos , Trombose/terapia , Ticagrelor/administração & dosagem , Ticagrelor/uso terapêutico , Tirofibana/administração & dosagem , Tirofibana/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Angiology ; 72(1): 16-23, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32705876

RESUMO

Structural aspects of red blood cells have been associated with cardiovascular disease. No data linking mean corpuscular volume (MCV) to clinical outcomes and on-treatment platelet reactivity in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) are available. We investigated a composite of atherothrombotic events and target vessel restenosis or reocclusion following infrainguinal stenting for stable PAD. Residual platelet reactivity was measured by light transmission aggregometry (LTA) and the VerifyNow assays. We included 104 patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with aspirin and clopidogrel. In receiver-operating characteristic analysis, MCV effectively discriminated between patients with and without adverse outcomes and identified a MCV ≤90.8 fL as optimal cutoff. Adverse outcomes occurred significantly more often in patients with low MCV (log-rank P = .002). In univariable Cox regression analysis, low MCV was associated with an increased risk of future adverse outcomes (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.662 [95%CI: 1.304-5.434]; P = .007) and remained significantly associated after adjustment (HR: 2.591 [95%CI: 1.242-5.403]; P = .011). Mean corpuscular volume was inversely correlated with arachidonic acid (AA)- and adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-inducible platelet reactivity by LTA and with the VerifyNow aspirin assay. Low MCV is associated with adverse outcomes over 2 years following infrainguinal stenting. Mean corpuscular volume correlates inversely with AA- and ADP-inducible platelet reactivity during DAPT.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Índices de Eritrócitos/fisiologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Agregação Plaquetária/fisiologia , Stents , Idoso , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Recidiva , Ultrassonografia Doppler de Pulso
13.
Angiology ; 72(1): 32-43, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32787614

RESUMO

Data on spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is based on European and North American registries. We assessed the prevalence, epidemiology, and outcomes of patients presenting with SCAD in Arab Gulf countries. Patients (n = 83) were diagnosed with SCAD based on angiographic and intravascular imaging whenever available. Thirty centers in 4 Arab Gulf countries (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and Bahrain) were involved from January 2011 to December 2017. In-hospital (myocardial infarction [MI], percutaneous coronary intervention, ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, cardiogenic shock, death, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement, dissection extension) and follow-up (MI, de novo SCAD, death, spontaneous superior mesenteric artery dissection) cardiac events were recorded. Median age was 44 (37-55) years, 42 (51%) were females and 28.5% were pregnancy-associated (21.4% were multiparous). Of the patients, 47% presented with non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome, 49% with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction, 12% had left main involvement, 43% left anterior descending, 21.7% right coronary, 9.6% left circumflex, and 9.6% multivessel; 52% of the SCAD were type 1, 42% type 2, 3.6% type 3, and 2.4% multitype; 40% managed medically, 53% underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, 7% underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Females were more likely than males to experience overall (in-hospital and follow-up) adverse cardiovascular events (P = .029).


Assuntos
Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/epidemiologia , Doenças Vasculares/congênito , Adulto , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/estatística & dados numéricos , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/terapia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oriente Médio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/terapia , Prevalência , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Vasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Vasculares/terapia
14.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(11): 105115, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Ipsilateral nonstenotic carotid disease is increasingly recognized as an etiology of ischemic stroke, however tailored treatment strategies are lacking. We aimed to examine clinical characteristics and treatment effects in patients with minor ischemic stroke associated with ipsilateral nonstenotic carotid disease in the Platelet Oriented Inhibition in New TIA and Minor Ischemic Stroke (POINT) trial. METHODS: We performed an exploratory analysis of the interaction of the treatment effects of aspirin plus clopidogrel versus aspirin monotherapy, stratified by presence of ipsilateral nonstenotic carotid disease in patients with minor ischemic stroke in the POINT trial. RESULTS: For this exploratory analysis, 167 patients presenting with ischemic stroke and ipsilateral nonstenotic carotid disease, defined as 1%-49% carotid stenosis ipsilateral to the corresponding territory of ischemic stroke, and 833 patients no carotid disease were included. Compared to patients with no carotid disease, patients with ipsilateral nonstenotic carotid disease were older (68.5 ± 11.3 years versus 61.3 ± 12.8 years; P < 0.001), and had a higher prevalence of hypertension (76.6% versus 59.2%, P < 0.001), ischemic heart disease (13.8% versus 5.4%, P < 0.001), and tobacco use (past: 34.1% versus 25.2%, P = 0.005; present: 27.5% versus 22.8%, P = 0.005). 5.4% of patients with ipsilateral nonstenotic carotid disease had recurrent ischemic stroke within 14 days. Patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy had a numerical reduction in recurrent ischemic stroke compared to patients receiving aspirin monotherapy, however the exploratory analysis was underpowered to detect a statistically significant difference in treatment effect (HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.18-1.40, P = 0.19). CONCLUSION: Patients with minor ischemic stroke and ipsilateral nonstenotic carotid disease had a high risk of early stroke recurrence in the POINT trial. Dual antiplatelet therapy provided a non-statistically significant reduction in recurrent ischemic stroke with no difference in safety outcomes compared to aspirin monotherapy. Further study is needed to determine if early and short duration dual antiplatelet therapy is beneficial for all patients with ipsilateral nonstenotic carotid disease.


Assuntos
Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/tratamento farmacológico , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Prevenção Secundária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/mortalidade , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Método Duplo-Cego , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla , Feminino , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/diagnóstico , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Lancet ; 396(10257): 1079-1089, 2020 10 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A potent P2Y12 inhibitor-based dual antiplatelet therapy is recommended for up to 1 year in patients with acute coronary syndrome receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The greatest benefit of the potent agent is during the early phase, whereas the risk of excess bleeding continues in the chronic maintenance phase. Therefore, de-escalation of antiplatelet therapy might achieve an optimal balance between ischaemia and bleeding. We aimed to investigate the safety and efficacy of a prasugrel-based dose de-escalation therapy. METHODS: HOST-REDUCE-POLYTECH-ACS is a randomised, open-label, multicentre, non-inferiority trial done at 35 hospitals in South Korea. We enrolled patients with acute coronary syndrome receiving PCI. Patients meeting the core indication for prasugrel were randomly assigned (1:1) to the de-escalation group or conventional group using a web-based randomisation system. The assessors were masked to the treatment allocation. After 1 month of treatment with 10 mg prasugrel plus 100 mg aspirin daily, the de-escalation group received 5 mg prasugrel, while the conventional group continued to receive 10 mg. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, repeat revascularisation, stroke, and bleeding events of grade 2 or higher according to Bleeding Academic Research Consortium [BARC] criteria) at 1 year. The absolute non-inferiority margin for the primary endpoint was 2·5%. The key secondary endpoints were efficacy outcomes (cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and ischaemic stroke) and safety outcomes (bleeding events of BARC grade ≥2). The primary analysis was in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02193971. RESULTS: From Sept 30, 2014, to Dec 18, 2018, 3429 patients were screened, of whom 1075 patients did not meet the core indication for prasugrel and 16 were excluded due to randomisation error. 2338 patients were randomly assigned to the de-escalation group (n=1170) or the conventional group (n=1168). The primary endpoint occurred in 82 patients (Kaplan-Meier estimate 7·2%) in the de-escalation group and 116 patients (10·1%) in the conventional group (absolute risk difference -2·9%, pnon-inferiority<0·0001; hazard ratio 0·70 [95% CI 0·52-0·92], pequivalence=0·012). There was no increase in ischaemic risk in the de-escalation group compared with the conventional group (0·76 [0·40-1·45]; p=0·40), and the risk of bleeding events was significantly decreased (0·48 [0·32-0·73]; p=0·0007). INTERPRETATION: In east Asian patients with acute coronary syndrome patients receiving PCI, a prasugrel-based dose de-escalation strategy from 1 month after PCI reduced the risk of net clinical outcomes up to 1 year, mainly driven by a reduction in bleeding without an increase in ischaemia. FUNDING: Daiichi Sankyo, Boston Scientific, Terumo, Biotronik, Qualitech Korea, and Dio.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/administração & dosagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Idoso , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/efeitos adversos
17.
Am J Cardiol ; 134: 55-61, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891400

RESUMO

Platelets are crucial in the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease and are a major target of antithrombotic agents in patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to evaluate the incidence and prognostic impact of thrombocytopenia on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing PCI with drug-eluting stents (DES). We evaluated consecutive patients who received PCI with DES in the IRIS-DES registry between April 2008 and December 2017. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the presence of thrombocytopenia (platelet count <150 × 109/L) at baseline. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality, and secondary outcomes included the composite outcome of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke, and major bleeding. Complete follow-up data were available for 1 to 5 years (median, 3.1). Among 26,553 eligible patients, 1,823 (6.9%) had thrombocytopenia at baseline. At 5 years, the incidences of all-cause mortality (15.6% vs 8.1%, p <0.001), composite outcome (23.2% vs 15.6%, p <0.001), and major bleeding (3.7% vs 2.2%, p <0.001) were significantly higher in patients with thrombocytopenia than in those without thrombocytopenia. In multivariable Cox proportional-hazards models, thrombocytopenia was significantly associated with increased risks of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 1.26, 95% confidence interval 1.07 to 1.48, p = 0.01) and major bleeding (hazard ratio 1.41, 95% confidence interval 1.04 to 1.91, P=0.03). In conclusion, among who patients underwent PCI with DES, the incidence of thrombocytopenia was 6.9%. Baseline thrombocytopenia was significantly associated with increased risks of mortality and major bleeding.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Causas de Morte , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
18.
Am J Cardiol ; 134: 83-90, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892987

RESUMO

The optimal antiplatelet strategy after left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion able to protect from device-related thrombosis, paying the lowest price in terms of bleeding increase, is unclear. In a real-world, observational study we performed a head-to-head comparison of single versus dual antiplatelet therapy (SAPT vs DAPT) in patients who underwent LAA occlusion. We included 610 consecutive patients, stratified according to the type of post-procedural antiplatelet therapy (280 on SAPT and 330 on DAPT). Primary outcome measure was the incidence of the net composite end point including Bleeding Academic Research Consortium classification 3-5 bleeding, major adverse cardiovascular events or device-related thrombosis at 1-year follow-up. The use of SAPT compared with DAPT was associated with similar incidence of the primary net composite end point (9.3% vs 12.7% p = 0.22), with an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 0.69, 95% confidence interval 0.41 to 1.15; p = 0.15) at multivariate analysis. However, SAPT significantly reduced Bleeding Academic Research Consortium classification 3-5 bleeding (2.9% vs 6.7%, p = 0.038; adjusted HR 0.37, 0.16 to 0.88; p = 0.024). The occurrence of ischemic events (major adverse cardiovascular events or device-related thrombosis) was not significantly different between the 2treatment strategies (7.8% vs 7.4%; adjusted HR 1.34, 0.70 to 2.55; p = 0.38). In patients who underwent LAA occlusion, post-procedural use of SAPT instead of DAPT was associated with reduction of bleeding complications, with no significant increase in the risk of thrombotic events. These hypothesis-generating findings should be confirmed in a specific, randomized study.


Assuntos
Apêndice Atrial/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/estatística & dados numéricos , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Implantação de Prótese , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Trombose/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Clopidogrel/uso terapêutico , Embolia/etiologia , Embolia/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
19.
Am Heart J ; 228: 8-16, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal injury is a common complication in patients treated with antiplatelet agents after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, the effects of different antiplatelet regimens on the incidence and severity of gastrointestinal injury have not been well studied, principally due to the lack of a low-risk sensitive and accurate detection system. TRIAL DESIGN: OPT-PEACE is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Gastrointestinal injury will be evaluated with the ANKON magnetically controlled capsule endoscopy system (AMCE), a minimally invasive approach for detecting mucosal lesions in the stomach, duodenum and small intestine. Patients without AMCE-detected gastrointestinal erosions, ulceration or bleeding after drug-eluting stent implantation are enrolled and treated with open-label aspirin (100 mg/d) plus clopidogrel (75 mg/d) for 6 months. Thereafter, 480 event-free patients will undergo repeat AMCE and are randomly assigned in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive aspirin plus clopidogrel, aspirin plus placebo or clopidogrel plus placebo for an additional 6 months. A final AMCE is performed at 12 months. The primary endpoint is the incidence of gastric or intestinal mucosal lesions (erosions, ulceration, or bleeding) within 12 months after enrollment. CONCLUSIONS: OPT-PEACE is the first study to investigate the incidence and severity of gastrointestinal injury in patients receiving different antiplatelet therapy regimens after stent implantation. This trial will inform clinical decision-making for personalized antiplatelet therapy post-PCI.


Assuntos
Aspirina , Endoscopia por Cápsula/métodos , Clopidogrel , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Adulto , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Método Duplo-Cego , Stents Farmacológicos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Risco Ajustado/métodos
20.
Am Heart J ; 228: 1-7, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32739652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and a P2Y12 inhibitor is the cornerstone for prevention ischemic events in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the optimal antiplatelet strategy for ACS patients with both high bleeding and high ischemic risks is unclear. STUDY DESIGN: The OPT-BIRISK trial is a multicenter, double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomized study designed to test the superiority of extended antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel monotherapy compared with aspirin and clopidogrel for reduction of bleeding events in ACS patients with both high bleeding and high ischemic risks ("bi-risk"). A total of 7,700 patients who completed 9- to 12-month dual antiplatelet therapy after new-generation drug-eluting stent implantation for the treatment of ACS will be randomized to receive clopidogrel monotherapy or aspirin plus clopidogrel for 9 months followed by aspirin monotherapy for 3 months. The primary end point is Bleeding Academic Research Consortium type 2, 3, or 5 bleedings at 9 months after randomization. The key secondary end point is major adverse cardiac and cerebral events at 9 months after randomization, defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or coronary artery revascularization. CONCLUSIONS: OPT-BIRISK is the first large-scale randomized trial aimed to explore the optimal antiplatelet strategy for bi-risk ACS patients after percutaneous coronary intervention in current clinical practice. The results will add evidence regarding de-escalation antiplatelet therapy for patients at special risk.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Aspirina , Clopidogrel , Hemorragia , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Adulto , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel/administração & dosagem , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Stents Farmacológicos/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/induzido quimicamente , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...