Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 429
Filtrar
1.
Soins Gerontol ; 24(140): 12-14, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806171

RESUMO

Animal-assisted interventions are designed for personal well-being. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions in the context of residential facilities for dependent elderly people. Animal-assisted therapy, which can be delivered by trained staff, could be a tool to helpinstitutionalised elderly people cope with loneliness.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais , Casas de Saúde , Idoso , Animais , Humanos
3.
Codas ; 31(5): e20180274, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721913

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To verify the effect of dog intervention on the regular session of speech therapy for developmental stuttering in adults. METHODS: The study involved young adults and adults with developmental stuttering. The study sample was composed of eight participants, six males and two females, ranging in age from 16 to 45 years. Participants were divided into two groups: G1 - those who underwent treatment for stuttering with the presence of a dog-therapist in the therapy room and G2 - those who underwent treatment for stuttering without the presence of the dog therapist. We included a control group, G3, composed of fluent participants, matched in age and sex to G1 and G2 to control the natural variability of speech fluency. RESULTS: Comparative results between the groups indicated that the group that performed the treatment without the presence of the dog achieved better performance, evolution and efficacy rates. CONCLUSION: for the population in this study, the dog intervention on speech therapy did not improve treatment.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais/métodos , Fonoterapia/métodos , Gagueira/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489875

RESUMO

A stroke is a condition that can give rise to consequences such as cognitive and physical constraints, which sometimes manifest in the psychological condition of the patient. Such patients commence rehabilitation as soon as is possible, which involves a multi-disciplinary approach to treatment. One aspect of complementary rehabilitation could be animal-assisted therapy (AAT). A total of 15 individuals were split into an experimental group comprising 6 patients (2 males, 4 females), and a control group of 9 patients (3 males, 6 females). The participants in the control group were aged from 43 to 87 years and the experimental group featured participants aged from 45 to 76 years. Both groups received standard physiotherapy and occupational therapy. In addition, the experimental group was supplemented with AAT, with the animal in question being a dog. The tools primarily applied to measure the outcomes were the Barthel index, blood pressure, and heart rate measurements, whereas the Likert scale was employed to discern the mood of the patients. The results showed that changes in the values for heart rate and blood pressure were insignificant. However, a statistically significant aspect of the research pertained to the patients confirming that they felt better after the AAT sessions. Hence, AAT could potentially bolster the effectiveness of other therapies.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais/métodos , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Afeto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Cães , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Ocupacional , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Projetos Piloto
5.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 143: 56-61, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479836

RESUMO

"Can I keep my dog while receiving chemotherapy?" "Can my cat sleep on my bed while I'm on treatment?" "What precautions should I take with my pets in order to avoid infections?"" I read that my dog could give me breast cancer, is that true?" "Do you have assistance therapy dogs at your chemotherapy day unit?" These are not uncommon questions from cancer patients in oncology/haematology consultation rooms. The answers to these questions however, are widely unknown among physicians. Pet ownership is thought to provide patients with both emotional and physical health benefits. However, owning pets may also pose health risks to immunocompromised patients through zoonotic transmission of disease. Some studies have also suggested that the ownership of domestic pets may increase the risk of developing some cancers. But what is the evidence behind these claims? This paper presents the results of a literature review of a variety of scientific literature about pet ownership as a potential risk factor for suffering cancer, zoonotic diseases and the immunocompromised, and animal-assisted-therapy in cancer patients.


Assuntos
Vínculo Homem-Animal de Estimação , Neoplasias/psicologia , Animais de Estimação/psicologia , Terapia Assistida por Animais , Animais , Gatos , Cães , Humanos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Propriedade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Zoonoses/epidemiologia
6.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 36: 153-157, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383432

RESUMO

Animal-assisted activities (AAA), a form of animal-assisted interaction, have the potential to improve positive coping for youth with significant psychiatric symptoms admitted to acute behavioral health units. However, little is known regarding the appropriateness of an AAA program in short-term mental health hospital settings. The goal of this investigation is to describe and report on the feasibility and acceptability of embedding a canine-AAA program within the therapeutic programming of a pediatric behavioral health unit. Both patient participants and unit staff completed quantitative and qualitative measures. Outcomes yielded preliminary data suggesting AAA was feasible and acceptable to patients and unit staff. Initial efficacy outcomes demonstrated decreases in subjective distress. Qualitative data provided areas for further refinement of the AAA program.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais , Hospitalização , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/terapia , Animais , Criança , Cães , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos
7.
J Altern Complement Med ; 25(9): 928-929, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328957

RESUMO

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), characterized by communication and social interaction difficulties, might be positively influenced by animal-assisted activity (AAA). The aim of this study was to investigate the parents' and therapists' perception to behavior in children with ASD after they underwent AAA. The study was performed in a specialized therapeutic center in Curitiba, South of Brazil. A total of 15 children (14 boys and 1 girl), aged 5.6 ± 1.6 years, diagnosed with ASD, underwent at least 10 weekly 30-min AAA sessions. Three trained dogs were used in total, and there were two dogs in each session. Children were free to interact with dogs and among themselves, in groups of 11.2 ± 2.2 children per session, in the presence of therapists, the researcher, and a veterinarian observing the dogs and ensuring safety. The parents and therapists completed two questionnaires on their perception of the children's behavior before and after AAA. A total of 18 visits were necessary to complete the 10 sessions for each of the 15 children. According to the therapists' perception, AAA increased positive gestures and facial expression in children (p = 0.010) and improved peer interaction. Even though there was a 50% reduction in the parents' feedback at the end of the study, according to their perception there was a reduction in self-aggression and repetitive stereotyped movements, as well as an improvement in speech communication and creativity. This study demonstrated the positive effects of the AAA on the social behavior of children with ASD.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Animais , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cães , Expressão Facial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Codas ; 31(3): e20180243, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271584

RESUMO

PURPOSE: to verify the applications of AAT in health by performing a systematic review of the literature. RESEARCH STRATEGY: a survey was carried out in four databases with the descriptors: animal assisted therapy, horse assisted therapy, speech therapy. SELECTION CRITERIA: article published between 2010 and 2018, in Portuguese or English, free electronic access and that mentioned the characteristics of the intervention program. DATA ANALYSIS: criteria: casuistry, area of knowledge, program characteristic, type of research, year and language of publication, nationality, periodical and impact factor. RESULTS: 43 articles published in 30 journals, 16 with impact factor, were reviewed. Clinical studies prevailed (93.02%), 37.20% were from Medicine, the population studied had different diagnoses and ages, 55.81% with adults / elderly. AAT was used preferentially for physical rehabilitation (67.44%) and the main mediator was the dog, mentioned in 72.09% of the articles. Eight (n = 8) programs with a focus on communication intervention were described. CONCLUSION: There is scientific evidence on the use of AAT published in the period studied, in Brazil and in the world. The programs were used by different health and education professionals. The AAT goals were specific to the profile of the participants, and consistent with the characteristics of the mediator animal and the site.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais/métodos , Animais , Cães , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Cavalos , Humanos
9.
South Med J ; 112(6): 344-348, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients awaiting heart transplantation can be listed for prolonged periods of time and, as a result, the prevalence of anxiety and depression is high. Our study evaluates the feasibility of canine-assisted therapy (CAT) in this population. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter study was performed on all status 1a patients admitted during a 12-month period to await transplantation. Patients were asked to complete the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 at baseline, week 2, and week 6, and the Perceived Stress Scale at baseline and week 4. At the conclusion of the study, patients completed a questionnaire assessing the overall efficacy of CAT. RESULTS: Baseline measures demonstrated high levels of anxiety, depression, and stress. The complete Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (average score 10.9 vs 8; P = 0.14) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (average score 12.3 vs 9.5; P = 0.057) scores decreased from baseline to week 6 and the Perceived Stress Scale (average score 29.8 vs 27; P = 0.16) decreased from baseline to week 4 with trends toward significance. All of the patients perceived CAT as improving the overall quality of hospitalization, would recommend CAT to other patients, and would elect for CAT during subsequent admissions. No infectious concerns were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety, stress, and depression are prevalent among 1a heart transplantation candidates, and CAT is a welcomed adjunct to the usual medical care in this population.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Cães , Transplante de Coração/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Florida , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Minnesota , Estudos Prospectivos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr ; 87(5): 282-283, 2019 May.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125989
11.
Br J Nurs ; 28(8): 509-515, 2019 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002549

RESUMO

An online survey of parents and staff was conducted to assess the effect of an animal-assisted intervention (AAI) service at a UK children's university teaching hospital. Three volunteer handlers with five golden retriever dogs provided AAIs across all eight paediatric wards including day, medical, surgical, oncology and intensive care. Interventions ranged from 'meet and greet' to assisting nursing care, physiotherapy and occupational therapy, as well as providing distraction during blood taking and other tests including radiology examinations. Two hundred surveys were completed and there was an overwhelmingly positive response to the service. No concerns were recorded with respect to the presence, cleanliness and behaviour of the dogs. There was a 100% recommendation that similar services should be supported across the UK.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Animais , Criança , Cães , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Hospitais Pediátricos , Hospitais de Ensino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Reino Unido
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31014022

RESUMO

Long-term hospital stays might have a negative psychosocial impact on our patients. One way to positively activate hospitalized patients is to introduce animal-assisted therapy (AAT). A total of 72 individuals participated in this research. The experimental group comprised 33 patients (8 males, 25 females), while the control group contained 39 patients (11 men, 28 women). The participants in the control group were aged from 58 to 100 years and the experimental group featured participants aged from 51 to 95, for whom AAT was included alongside standard care. Blood pressure, heart rate, Barthel index, and general mood were measured in both groups. Results did not reveal any changes in blood pressure, heart rate, or Barthel index in comparison between groups. A great influence was noted in assessment of the mood of the patients. The inclusion of AAT did not affect physiological parameters, but it exerted a significant effect on the psychological well-being of the patients.


Assuntos
Afeto , Terapia Assistida por Animais/métodos , Frequência Cardíaca , Assistência de Longa Duração/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , República Tcheca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
14.
Med Humanit ; 45(1): 82-91, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819923

RESUMO

This paper probes the distinction between the so-called emotional support animals (ESAs), a term that is specific to the USA and that has recently been the subject of significant media attention, and service animals. The attention devoted to ESAs has largely taken on the form of jokes and critical comments related to the absurdity of the 'political correctness' that makes it possible for pigs to fly in the passenger cabin of airplanes and llamas to accompany their owners on trips to the supermarket. Much criticism is meted out, also from within the disability community, against animal guardians who try to 'pass their animals off' as service dogs and ESAs, with a call for the establishment of clear-cut criteria for the definition of ESAs and service animals. The paper's methodology is an analysis of the media accounts of legitimate and illegitimate service animals; an analysis that reveals how the boundary between legitimate and illegitimate is constructed through the building blocks of these stories. ESAs are something of a limit case that points to the cultural paradoxes that govern Americans' relationships with companion animals and with concepts of disability. The paper also argues that the insistence on establishing firm boundaries between 'legitimate' service animals and ESAs actually fosters a politics of suspicion, which can easily slip into suspicion directed at the human handlers of the animals.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais/legislação & jurisprudência , Pessoas com Deficiência/legislação & jurisprudência , Política , Animais , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Cães , Terapia Focada em Emoções/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Suínos , Estados Unidos
15.
Med Humanit ; 45(1): 92-101, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819924

RESUMO

This article scrutinises issues around disability and dependent (interdependent) agency, extending these to non-human animals and service dogs, with a sustained reference to the training of guide dogs. It does this through a detailed engagement with the training methodology and philosophy of The Seeing Eye guide dog school in the 1930s, exploring the physical, bodily and instrumental means through which the guide dog partnership, and the identity of the instructor, the guide dog and the guide dog owner, jointly came into being. The novelty of the article lies in how it reconsiders what interdependence meant and means from the perspectives drawing from historical and sociological literature on dog training. In doing so it opens up new ways of thinking about service animals that recognise their historical contingency and the complex processes at work in the creation and development of interdependent agency.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais/educação , Pessoas com Deficiência/educação , Terapia Assistida por Animais/história , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Pessoas com Deficiência/história , Cães , História do Século XX , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas/história , Ensino/história
17.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 46: 55-61, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30852256

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of a brief pet therapy visit and a comparison intervention on anxiety in hospitalized children. This quasi-experimental study compared state anxiety before and after structured research interventions in a convenience sample of children between the ages six and 17 (N = 93) in two groups. Participants were assigned to the pet therapy group or control group, based upon timing of data collection. Participants in each group received either a visit from the research assistant, therapy dog and handler, or from the research assistant for completion of a puzzle. The child's anxiety was measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Scale for Children (STAIC) S-Anxiety Scale before and after the visit and parents completed a brief background questionnaire. Intervention and comparison groups had no significant differences in key demographic factors or baseline anxiety level. While state anxiety decreased significantly in both groups, children in the pet therapy group experienced a significantly greater decrease in anxiety (p = .004). In addition, parents reported high levels of satisfaction with the pet therapy program. Study findings provide support for a brief pet therapy visit with a trained dog and handler as a tool decrease to anxiety in hospitalized children while promoting parent satisfaction. When resources for providing pet therapy visits are limited, clinicians may consider prioritizing children who are most affected by anxiety.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais , Transtornos de Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Criança Hospitalizada/psicologia , Cães , Adolescente , Animais , Criança , Feminino , Hospitais Pediátricos , Humanos , Masculino
19.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 33(2): 101-110, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30747779

RESUMO

Animal-assisted interventions are part of the therapeutic plan in pediatric oncology. This is the first systematic review to summarize the literature and provide insights for new clinical approaches, policy, best practices, and standards. The results underline the potentially beneficial role for pediatric patients, parents, caregivers, and medical staff.


Assuntos
Terapia Assistida por Animais/métodos , Oncologia/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Pediatria/métodos , Terapia Assistida por Animais/tendências , Humanos , Neoplasias/psicologia
20.
BMC Psychiatry ; 19(1): 53, 2019 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30709386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used both in the general population and for the treatment of somatic and psychiatric disorders. Studies on CAM use among patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have so far only focused on children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns of CAM use among adults with ASD. METHODS: A questionnaire survey concerning current and lifetime use of CAM was distributed to adults with ASD between November 2015 and June 2016. Participants diagnosed by experienced clinicians using the current diagnostic gold standard were recruited from four ASD outpatient clinics in Germany. Questionnaire data was then linked to supplementary clinical data. RESULTS: The final sample consisted of 192 adults (response: 26.8%) with a mean age of 31.5 years (80% male; diagnoses: Asperger's syndrome (58%), childhood autism (27%), atypical autism (12%)). 45% of the respondents stated that they were currently using or had used at least one CAM modality in their life. Among the participants with lifetime CAM use, almost half had used two or more different types of CAM. Alternative medical systems (e.g. homeopathy, acupuncture) were most frequently used, followed by mind-body interventions (e.g. yoga, biofeedback, animal assisted therapy). Overall, 20% of respondents stated that they would like to try at least one listed CAM modality in the future. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study on CAM use in adults with ASD, demonstrating considerable CAM use in this population. Given the popularity of CAM, patients should be informed about the effectiveness and potentially dangerous side effects of CAM treatments, as evidence for the majority of CAM methods in ASD is still limited.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Terapias Complementares/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Terapia por Acupuntura/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Terapia Assistida por Animais/métodos , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/epidemiologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Ioga/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA