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1.
Int Heart J ; 61(6): 1311-1314, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191338

RESUMO

Although some researches proved the influence of radiation therapy (RT) on pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators, little has been reported on cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators (CRTDs). We experienced a case of RT on CRTD and had a new finding.A patient with CRTD implanted for dilated cardiomyopathy was diagnosed with lung squamous cell carcinoma and started receiving RT. All the implanted devices, including the main body of CRTD, left ventricular lead (LV), right ventricular lead with high-voltage conductor, and right atrial lead, were from the same manufacturer. The radiation targeted the tumor of 67 mm in diameter in the right superior lobe for 5 min per session. The CRTD was outside the radiation field, which is 65 mm, but the leads were inside. Plan 1 used 2 Gy/fr with 8 megavolt photons, and Plan 1 was irradiated at 0° and 180° for 16 RT sessions. The dosage was increased to 3 Gy for Plan 2 for 4 sessions. Plan 3 used 2 Gy with 6 and 8 megavolt photons, and Plan 3 was irradiated at 27.7° and 200.7° for 11 RT sessions. Changes in measured parameters were assessed before and after RT.Changes in impedance of LV and high-voltage lead exceeded prespecified threshold. However, no significant errors were detected in the CRTD on the dosages and energy we used.We hypothesize that the lead insulator could have been affected by radiation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/radioterapia , Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/terapia , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Radioterapia/métodos , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/complicações , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/complicações , Impedância Elétrica , Eletrodos Implantados , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Masculino
2.
Int Heart J ; 61(6): 1303-1306, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191352

RESUMO

The patient was a 59-year-old female with advanced heart failure and severe functional mitral regurgitation who was classified as INTERMACS profile 4 with repeated hospitalizations despite guideline-directed medical therapy. She was also listed for heart transplantation. After comparing the two major therapeutic strategies: (1) durable left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation and (2) percutaneous MitraClip procedure (Abbott Vascular, Abbott Park, IL, USA), we eventually decided to proceed with MitraClip, given her relatively lower B-type natriuretic peptide, lower MAGGIC Heart Failure risk score, and higher predicted survival without LVAD. The post-procedural course was favorable without any comorbidities or worsening of heart failure for 10 months. A diagnostic paradigm to guide which strategy to choose (LVAD or MitraClip) for patients with advanced heart failure and functional mitral regurgitation should be constructed.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Carvedilol/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Enalapril/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Coração Auxiliar , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Consumo de Oxigênio , Seleção de Pacientes , Pressão Propulsora Pulmonar/fisiologia , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espironolactona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Kardiologiia ; 60(7): 78-85, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155944

RESUMO

Aim To compare diagnostic significance of different criteria for complete left bundle branch block (cLBBB) in prediction of reverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling associated with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).Materials and methods This study included 93 patients (men, 81.7 %; mean age at the time of implantation, 56.6±9.3 years). Achievement of a maximum decrease in LV end-systolic volume (ESV) was recorded during the entire follow-up period for evaluation of LV reversibility by CRT. Based on the dynamics of LV ESV, patients were divided into two groups, non-responders (n=27) and responders (n=66). cLBBB was determined by 9 criteria (ESC 2006 and 2013, AHA 2009, Strauss, and MIRACLE, CARE-HF, MADIT-CRT, REVERSE, and RAFT used in large multicenter studies).Results Incidence of cLBBB was significantly higher in the group of responders as demonstrated by the AHA (p=0.001), ESC 2013 (p=0.014), Strauss (p=0.002), MADIT-CRT (p=0.014), REVERSE (p=0.013), and RAFT (p<0.001) criteria. The highest specificity was shown for the AHA and RAFT (92.6 %) criteria, and the highest sensitivity and overall accuracy were shown for the Strauss (80.3 % and 72.04 %, respectively) criterium. The criteria proposed in actual clinical guidelines (AHA and ESC 2013) demonstrated a strong consistency in detecting cLBBB (κ=0.818, 95 % CI, 0.7-0.936; p<0.001). However, the Strauss and ESC 2006 / AHA / ESC 2013 showed the least consistency in identifying cLBBB. For the criteria described in large multicenter studies, consistency in detecting cLBBB was minimal in most cases. However, criteria with moderate or strong consistency were used in the studies, which results have substantiated the use of cLBBB as a selection criterium (MADIT-CRT, REVERSE, and RAFT).Conclusion The reversibility of LV remodeling associated with CRT was different in patients with cLBBB determined by different criteria. All actual cLBBB criteria (AHA, ESC 2013, and Strauss) were significantly more frequently observed in the responder group. Nevertheless, these criteria differed in their sensitivity and specificity. A number of large multicenter studies have used criteria with minimal consistency in detecting cLBBB, which should be taken into account in interpreting results of these studies.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Idoso , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Remodelação Ventricular
4.
Am Heart J ; 230: 82-92, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017579

RESUMO

Past studies have not detected consistent improvement in ventricular function (VFxn) following initiation of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in Fontan patients. However, these studies used qualitative assessments of VFxn and/or quantitative assessments of VFxn that rely upon anatomic and/or geometric assumptions that may not be valid in patients with single ventricles. To address this, we used quantitative indices of global VFxn (dP/dtic and the Tei index) that are not encumbered by the limitations associated with the indices used in previous studies of CRT in Fontan patients. METHODS: Patients with Fontan physiology who had received CRT therapy from 2004 to 2019 were included in the study. They were compared to a concurrent group of Fontan patients who had received standard dual-chamber pacemakers (DCPMs). RESULTS: VFxn was assessed at 3 time points: prior to, shortly after, and late after initiation of pacemaker therapy. Prior to initiation of pacemaker therapy, VFxn of the CRT patients tended to be worse than that of the DCPM patients. For both groups, VFxn appeared to be stable or slightly improved shortly after initiation of pacemaker therapy. In the CRT group, VFxn improved significantly between early and late follow-up. In contrast, VFxn in DCPM patients tended to decline during this period. Changes in VFxn correlated with concurrent changes in New York Heart Association classification. CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative assessments of VFxn using indices not confounded by complex cardiac anatomy, segmental wall motions abnormalities, or inappropriate geometric assumptions revealed that CRT in Fontan patients is associated with preservation or improvement VFxn compared to standard DCPM. Changes in VFxn correlate with concurrent changes in New York Heart Association classification.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Técnica de Fontan , Marca-Passo Artificial , Função Ventricular/fisiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Técnica de Fontan/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(13): 1017-1025, 2020.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050815

RESUMO

CME: Left Bundle Branch Block and Painful Left Bundle Branch Block Syndrome Abstract. Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is the electrocardiographic correlate of a pathologic transmission of the electrical signals in the myocardium which can lead to a dyssynchronous left ventricular activation and thus to an inefficient contraction of the ventricles. It is usually the expression of an underlying cardiopathy and represents an independent risk factor of cardiovascular mortality, therefore further examination is indicated in each case. Besides the treatment of an underlying disease, a specific therapy has been available since the introduction of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A rarer phenomenon is the painful left bundle branch block in structurally healthy hearts.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Eletrocardiografia , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Síndrome
6.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(14): 1117-1118, 2020.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108996

RESUMO

CME/Answers: Left Bundle Branch Block and Painful Left Bundle Branch Block Syndrome Abstract. Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is the electrocardiographic correlate of a pathologic transmission of the electrical signals in the myocardium which can lead to a dyssynchronous left ventricular activation and thus to an inefficient contraction of the ventricles. It is usually the expression of an underlying cardiopathy and represents an independent risk factor of cardiovascular mortality, therefore further examination is indicated in each case. Besides the treatment of an underlying disease, a specific therapy has been available since the introduction of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A rarer phenomenon is the painful left bundle branch block in structurally healthy hearts.


Assuntos
Bloqueio de Ramo , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Bloqueio de Ramo/diagnóstico , Bloqueio de Ramo/terapia , Eletrocardiografia , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Síndrome , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Int Heart J ; 61(5): 896-904, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999195

RESUMO

Identifying the optimal atrioventricular (AV) or interventricular (VV) delay is beneficial for patients using cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices. Ultrasonic echocardiography (UCG) has been the most commonly used method; however, it requires high technical knowledge. Impedance cardiography (ICG) can calculate stroke volume by measuring changes in transthoracic electric impedance. This study sought to assess the clinical utility of ICG in comparison with that of UCG for the optimization of CRT devices.Patients who underwent CRT device implantation were retrospectively analyzed. One week after implantation, optimization of AV delay (AVD) was performed in every patient with ICG (AVD-ICG) and UCG (AVD-UCG). VV delay (VVD) was then determined according to the optimal AVD using these two methods.Forty-two patients were enrolled. Average AVD-ICG was significantly shorter than AVD-UCG (128 ± 49 versus 146 ± 41 milliseconds, P = 0.018). Five patients (12%) had the same optimized AVD with two methods, and the difference between AVD-ICG and AVD-UCG was ≤ 20 milliseconds in 19 patients (45%). In the multivariate analysis, the presence of postoperative mitral regurgitation (MR) was an independent predictor of AVD-ICG/AVD-UCG mismatch, defined as a difference over 20 milliseconds (odds ratio = 10.71; 95% confidence interval = 1.72 to 66.72; P = 0.018). The results of optimized VVD were similar using both methods.ICG might be a promising tool for the rapid optimization of CRT devices. However, in patients with moderate-to-severe MR, ICG may not be able to optimize AVD.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Cardiografia de Impedância , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22640, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019488

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Danon disease is a rare X-linked dominant genetic disorder caused by defects in the lysosome-associated membrane protein 2 (LAMP2) gene. Unless treated, cardiogenic death is the main cause of mortality. This case report describes a 19-year-old man who was diagnosed with Danon disease and survived for 3 years from symptom onset to death. The mutation in his LAMP2 gene (p.Gly221Ilefs*19) had not been previously reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 19-year-old man patient was hospitalized for intermittent palpitations. He had no family history of cardiomyopathy, arrhythmia, or sudden cardiac death, but his sister had died of cirrhosis at age 12 years, but the exact cause of cirrhosis was unknown. DIAGNOSIS: Exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing identified a novel missense mutation (p.Gly221Ilefs*19) in the LAMP2 gene of the proband. This mutation was also detected in his mother, confirming the diagnosis of Danon disease. INTERVENTIONS: The patient experienced various types of arrhythmia throughout the clinical process, including Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, non-sustained atrial tachycardia, atrial flutter, and third-degree atrioventricular block. He was therefore treated with cardiac ablation procedures and cardiac resynchronization therapy. OUTCOMES: The period from the onset of symptoms to the onset of heart failure was 2 years. The patient died of cardiogenic death during the third year, at age 22 years. LESSONS: Danon disease is a rare disease that is difficult to recognize because of its hidden early manifestations. Early identification of its clinical symptoms can lead to early diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo IIb/genética , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo IIb/terapia , Proteína 2 de Membrana Associada ao Lisossomo/genética , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Evolução Fatal , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo IIb/complicações , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio Tipo IIb/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma/métodos , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/genética , Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/terapia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Intern Emerg Med ; 15(8): 1445-1456, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889687

RESUMO

COVID-19 outbreak had a major impact on the organization of care in Italy, and a survey to evaluate provision of for arrhythmia during COVID-19 outbreak (March-April 2020) was launched. A total of 104 physicians from 84 Italian arrhythmia centres took part in the survey. The vast majority of participating centres (95.2%) reported a significant reduction in the number of elective pacemaker implantations during the outbreak period compared to the corresponding two months of year 2019 (50.0% of centres reported a reduction of > 50%). Similarly, 92.9% of participating centres reported a significant reduction in the number of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantations for primary prevention, and 72.6% a significant reduction of ICD implantations for secondary prevention (> 50% in 65.5 and 44.0% of the centres, respectively). The majority of participating centres (77.4%) reported a significant reduction in the number of elective ablations (> 50% in 65.5% of the centres). Also the interventional procedures performed in an emergency setting, as well as acute management of atrial fibrillation had a marked reduction, thus leading to the conclusion that the impact of COVID-19 was disrupting the entire organization of health care, with a massive impact on the activities and procedures related to arrhythmia management in Italy.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Eletrofisiologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Eletrofisiologia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Médicos/psicologia , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Eur. j. anat ; 24(5): 357-361, sept. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-195272

RESUMO

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in-volves placing a lead through the coronary sinus to pace the left ventricle. However, technical problems arise in the procedure either due to variant anatomy or due to the presence of valves. Information on coronary venous anatomy is scarce in the South Indian population. The aim of this study was to describe the coronary sinus anatomy in patients undergoing CRT implant. Coronary sinus angiograms were used to study the following parameters: (a) Dimensions of coronary sinus (b) Number and distribution of tributaries (excluding middle and great cardiac veins) (c) Diameter of major veins at the origin (d) Angulation of tributaries with CS. Measurements were made using calipers in the dicom viewer. Out of the 24 angiograms studied, only a single tributary of adequate size was noted in 70.8% (17/24) of the cases, which was most commonly a midlateral vein (76.5%). Two prominent tributaries were noted in 29.2% (7/24) of cases. The average diameter of the veins was 3.93 mm and 80.6% of the veins had an obtuse angle of drainage. Anatomical variations in the coronary venous systemin this population suggest that the majority of patients have a single suitable tributary and this is most often the midlateral vein, which is known to have the most favorable outcome. Data obtained in this study will guide clinicians in left ventricular lead placement in the South Indian population leading to greater procedural success


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/anatomia & histologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Flebografia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Seio Coronário/anatomia & histologia , Seio Coronário/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21097, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871980

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Substantial advances in cardiac pacing technology have been developed in the past decades. However, efforts to improve pacing technology to achieve physiological electrical activity, such as with cardiac resynchronization therapy, are underway. Permanent His bundle pacing, which directly stimulates the His-Purkinje network and electrically activates both ventricles, simulates physiological electric activity in the heart, and has been considered an ideal pacing strategy to treat arrhythmias. For patients with atrial fibrillation complicated by third-degree atrioventricular block (AVB), permanent His bundle pacing is a better option than conventional right ventricular apical or septal pacing, the latter of which may be associated with risks, such as heart failure. However, His bundle pacing exhibits some shortcomings, including elevated pacing threshold, dislocation, and abnormal sensing. CASE PRESENTATION: A 69-year-old female patient who had atrial fibrillation (AF) complicated by third-degree AVB and who was treated with permanent His bundle pacing combined with left bundle branch pacing. DIAGNOSIS: AF complicated by third-degree AVB. INTERVENTIONS: We used the left bundle branch as a backup pacing site to overcome any shortcomings related to permanent His bundle pacing. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered well without any events. CONCLUSION: We selected His bundle pacing as the primary pacing, but also used left bundle branch pacing as a backup approach. If His bundle pacing results in an increased sensing threshold, pacing threshold changes, or dislocations, left bundle branch pacing can compensate for dysfunction of permanent deficiencies in His bundle pacing, preserving physiological pacing.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/complicações , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/terapia , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico por imagem , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Fascículo Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos
14.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 715-721, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and the correlation between CRT and pulmonary artery hemodynamic parameters. METHODS: The patients with chronic heart failure indicator for CRT were enrolled. The left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV) was measured by echocardiography and New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification was evaluated between one week before and six months after CRT. Mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) were measured by right heart catheterization. Left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) is defined as a decrease of 15% or more in LVESV at the 6th month after CRT; Clinical response is defined as a decrease of NYHA classification at or above grade 1 at the 6th month after CRT. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) was defined as mPAP≥25 mmHg. According to the response, patients were divided into 3 groups: group A (LVRR+clinical response), group B (no LVRR+clinical response) and group C (no LVRR+no clinical response). The changes of NYHA classification, echocardiographic and pulmonary hemodynamic parameters were observed in the 3 groups. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the differences in all-cause mortality, combined end-point events of death or re-hospitalization due to heart failure among different groups. RESULTS: A total of 45 patients with CRT implantation [aged (63.27±9.55) years, 36 males] were included. The average follow-up period was (33.76±11.50) months. Thirty-one patients (68.89%) were in group A, 9 of whom with PH. Eight patients (17.78%) were in group B, 7 of whom with PH. Six patients were in group C, all with PH. Cardiac function including NYHA classification, echocardiographic and pulmonary hemodynamic parameters had been significantly improved in group A after CRT implantation (P<0.05). In group B, NYHA classification and pulmonary hemodynamic parameters were decreased significantly (P<0.05), but echocardiographic parameters did not change obviously (P>0.05). There were no significant changes in NYHA classification, echocardiographic and pulmonary hemodynamic parameters in group C (P>0.05). Compared with group C, group A and group B had lower all-cause mortality (P=0.005) and lower incidence of composite endpoint events (P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with LVRR and clinical response after CRT have a good prognosis. Patients with clinical response but without LVRR have a better prognosis than those without clinical response and LVRR, which may be related to the decrease of pulmonary hemodynamic parameters such as mPAP and TPG.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Idoso , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Pulmonar , Resultado do Tratamento , Remodelação Ventricular
15.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 41(7): 1532-1537, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813029

RESUMO

In this review, we provide a brief description of recently published articles addressing topics relevant to pediatric cardiologists. Our aim is to provide a summary of the latest articles published recently in other journals in our field. The articles address (1) cardiac resynchronization in children with symptomatic ventricular dysfunction and dyssynchrony which seems to result in higher transplant-free survival, (2) outcomes of aortic leaflet reconstruction including Ozaki procedure to repair aortic valve disease in adolescents, (3) meta-analysis for risk factors of ventricular tachycardia and death after repaired tetralogy of Fallot which reiterates the known risk factors and showed that the severity of pulmonary regurgitation is not in itself associated with outcomes although the ventricular response to regurgitation (dilation and dysfunction) is, (4) preschool promotion of healthy life style did not associate with sustained effect when evaluated later in childhood although repeated intervention seems to have a dose-related effect to promote healthy life style, (5) the lack of beneficial effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in the interstage period, and (6) a new phenomenon of acute heart failure and multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children temporarily related to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias/complicações , Cardiopatias/terapia , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/tratamento farmacológico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/complicações , Taquicardia Ventricular/complicações , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia
16.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(8): 669-674, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847323

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the application and efficacy of left ventricular (LV) electrical delay (LVED) and the distance of right ventricular(RV) pacing polar to LV(DRLV) in optimizing LV pacing polar. Methods: Heart failure (HF) patients who implanted cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device with a LV quadripolar lead from January 2014 to January 2018 at General Hospital of Northern Theater Command were enrolled in the study. Measurements of LVED and DRLV of each polar of the lead were performed in patients with HF who underwent CRT with LV quadripolar lead. The principle in turn for polar selecting used for clinical LV pacing was the pacing polar: (1)without phrenic nerve stimulation(PNS); (2)with appropriate capture threshold; (3)not located in apical; (4)with maximal LVED; (5)with maximal DRLV. The LV pacing polar was selected for CRT according to the procedure. The distribution of target veins implanted with LV quadripolar lead were calculated. The percentage of biventricular pacing at 6-month follow-up was recorded. The following indexes were compared before and 6-month after surgery, including QRS duration, LV end-systolic volume(LVESV), LV ejection fraction(LVEF), LV end-diastolic dimension(LVEDD), 6 minute walking distance(6MWD), New York Heart Association(NYHA) class. The efficacy and echocardiographic efficacy of CRT was evaluated. Results: There were twenty-nine HF patients enrolled. The mean age of enrolled patients was(61.7±7.6)years old, nineteen (66%)of them were male. There were seventeen(59%) patients diagnosed as dilated cardiomyopathy and twelve(41%) patients as ischemic cardiomyopathy. All patients were successfully implanted with LV quadripolar lead into target veins, and all four pacing sites were also in target veins. Target veins were located in lateral veins in 15 patients (52%), anterior veins in 2 patients (7%), posterior veins in 11 patients (38%), and lateral branches of great cardiac veins in 1 patient (3%). After 6-month of follow-up, the percentage of biventricular pacing was greater than 95%.There were nineteen(66%) patients optimized LV pacing polar by the largest LVED and four (14%) patients by the DRLV. Of the 29 patients, 5(17%) patients used D1 as the pacing polar, 5(17%) patients used M2 as the pacing polar, 7(24%) patients used M3 as the pacing polar, and 12(41%) patients used P4 as the pacing polar. The pacing polars (D1, M2) of traditional bipolar lead were used in 10(34%) patients, and the LV quadripolar lead specific pacing polars (M3, P4) were used in 19(66%) patients.Compared to a LV quadripolar lead, the LV pacing polar (M3, P4) selected in 19(66%) patients were not achievable with the traditional LV bipolar lead (D1, M2). Preoperative QRS duration, LVESV, LVEF, LVEDD, 6MWD and NYHA class were (171±24)ms, (231±79)ml, (28±5)%, (74±11)mm, (294±103)m, (3.2±1.0)class and the postoperative 6-month were (130±12)ms, (158±73)ml, (36±10)%, (66±12)mm, (371±86)m, (1.9±0.5)class. These indexes were significantly improved after 6 months operation(P<0.001). 97% and 83% patients were responders of CRT as assessed by 6-month efficacy and echocardiographic efficacy. Conclusion: The maximal LVED and DRLV can be used to select LV pacing polar with a high rate of CRT response rate.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Idoso , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
17.
Am J Cardiol ; 132: 79-86, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819680

RESUMO

Clinical studies of heart failure (HF) generally utilize the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) for functional capacity (FC) assessment. However, data on the impact of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on 6MWT and its role to predict long-term outcomes in mild HF patients with CRT are lacking. We studied 1,381 subjects with mild HF enrolled in Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial - Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy with 6MWT data at baseline and 1 year. We assessed the effects of CRT-D on percent change in 6MWT at 1 year by left bundle branch block (LBBB) status, identified independent predictors of 6MWT at 1 year, and evaluated the association between changes in 6MWT and risk for HF or death. Treatment with CRT-D versus implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) was not associated with a significant improvement in 6MWT at 1-year in LBBB subjects (2.2 % vs 0.0%, p = 0.428, but it was associated with a deterioration in 6MWT in non-LBBB subjects (4.1% vs 0.0%, p = 0.308). Multivariate analysis showed that each 5% reduction in 6MWT was independently associated with a corresponding 3% increase in the risk of subsequent HF or death (p = 0.014). In conclusion, our findings suggest that 6MWT has limited utility to identify CRT response in mild HF subjects with LBBB. However, 6MWT showed a signal toward deterioration in mild HF subjects with non-LBBB, and this was predictive of subsequent increased risk of HF or death.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Teste de Caminhada/estatística & dados numéricos , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Rehabil Med ; 52(10): jrm00111, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study elucidated the effects of exercise training on physical activity, 6-min walk distance, and all-cause hospitalization rates in patients with chronic heart failure, and evaluated factors contributing to changes in physical activity. DESIGN: Prospective cohort observational study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (n =62) who completed an exercise training programme after implantable cardioverter-defibrillator or cardiac resynchronization therapy treatment between May 2017 and May 2018 were included. Patients exercised for 20-50 min 3-5 times weekly for 3 months and were assigned to the active (≥ 10 min/day) or non-active (< 10 min/day) group based on changes in walking times between baseline and 3 months, as assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. RESULTS: The 6-min walk distance improved in both groups with exercise training. Physical activity level did not increase in some patients, despite improvements in exercise tolerance. Depression improved significantly in the active group, but no correlation was found with physical activity. Factors contributing to physical activity changes were not identified. The all-cause hospitalization rate was lower in the active group during follow-up (mean 10.5 months). CONCLUSION: Exercise training effectively increased 6-min walk distance regardless of physical activity. Non-active patients experienced increased all-cause hospitalizations. Increasing physical activity improves patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Dispositivos de Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/normas , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/métodos , Desfibriladores Implantáveis/normas , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Open Heart ; 7(2)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32690548

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Patient evaluation before cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) remains heterogeneous across centres and it is suspected a proportion of patients with unfavourable characteristics proceed to implantation. We developed a unique CRT preassessment clinic (CRT PAC) to act as a final review for patients already considered for CRT. We hypothesised that this clinic would identify some patients unsuitable for CRT through updated investigations and review. The purpose of this analysis was to determine whether the CRT PAC led to savings for the National Health Service (NHS). METHODS: A decision tree model was made to evaluate two clinical pathways; (1) standard of care where all patients initially seen in an outpatient cardiology clinic proceeded directly to CRT and (2) management of patients in CRT PAC. RESULTS: 244 patients were reviewed in the CRT PAC; 184 patients were eligible to proceed directly for implantation and 48 patients did not meet consensus guidelines for CRT so were not implanted. Following CRT, 82.4% of patients had improvement in their clinical composite score and 57.7% had reduction in left ventricular end-systolic volume ≥15%. Using the decision tree model, by reviewing patients in the CRT PAC, the total savings for the NHS was £966 880. Taking into consideration the additional cost of the clinic and by applying this model structure throughout the NHS, the potential savings could be as much as £39 million. CONCLUSIONS: CRT PAC appropriately selects patients and leads to substantial savings for the NHS. Adopting this clinic across the NHS has the potential to save £39 million.


Assuntos
Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/economia , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Cardiopatias/economia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Ambulatório Hospitalar/economia , Seleção de Pacientes , Medicina Estatal/economia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia de Ressincronização Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Redução de Custos , Análise Custo-Benefício , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Árvores de Decisões , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Econômicos , Ambulatório Hospitalar/organização & administração , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta/economia , Medicina Estatal/organização & administração , Reino Unido
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