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3.
Soins Gerontol ; 24(140): 25-27, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806174

RESUMO

When cognitive disorders in the elderly are significant, for caregivers there remains the possibility of empathy, relational calm, time needed to help them access their memory, and escape the terrible sensation of not knowing. Entering a closed space dedicated to these seniors means creating contact with people who are lost in the twists and turns of a story they no longer recognise as their own. Feedback from an art-therapy workshop with cognitively fragile seniors, cut off from all references.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Transtornos Cognitivos , Idoso , Cuidadores , Transtornos Cognitivos/terapia , Empatia , Humanos
4.
Metas enferm ; 22(10): 50-55, dic. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185330

RESUMO

La investigación sobre la eficacia de la arteterapia en el ámbito de la salud mental es poco concluyente. Pacientes y terapeutas coinciden a menudo en señalar su utilidad para el desarrollo de la expresión, la comunicación, la socialización y la autoconciencia, pero al ceñirse en la investigación, no se encuentra evidencia de que lo consiga. Tomando el diagnóstico de esquizofrenia como referente se encuentra que frente a los estudios que sugieren una mejoría en la salud mental global, el funcionamiento social y la calidad de las relaciones interpersonales, hay otros que no encuentran mejoría significativa ni en variables principales, como funcionalidad global y sintomatología global, ni en otras asociadas como asistencia al grupo, funcionamiento social, satisfacción con el tratamiento o impacto sobre la sintomatología negativa. Las sucesivas revisiones consultadas sugieren que esta contradicción en los resultados podría deberse a limitaciones metodológicas y recomiendan clarificar aspectos relacionados con el cómo, por qué y para quién es útil la arteterapia, así como identificar los mecanismos que dan soporte o vehiculizan la intervención. A partir de aquí, en el presente artículo, décimo y último de la Serie Arteterapia, se expone una vía de trabajo que se ha ido desarrollando a lo largo de 20 años en un hospital de día de psiquiatría, como coadyuvante del tratamiento de personas con diagnóstico de enfermedad mental grave, mayoritariamente esquizofrenia


Research on the efficacy of Art Therapy in the mental health setting has been inconclusive. Patients and therapists often coincide in highlighting its usefulness for developing expression, communication, socialization and self-awareness; but in terms of strict research, there is no evidence showing that this is achieved. Taking the diagnosis of schizophrenia as reference, there are studies suggesting an improvement in overall mental health, social performance and the quality of interpersonal relationships; however, other studies have found no significant improvement either in primary variables, such as overall functionality and overall symptomatology, or in other associated variables, such as attendance to the group, social performance, satisfaction with treatment or impact on negative symptomatology. The subsequent reviews consulted suggest that this contradictory results could be due to methodological limitations, and recommend clarifying aspects regarding how, why and for whom is Art Therapy useful, as well as to identify those mechanisms supporting or conveying the intervention. From now on, this article, the tenth and last in the Art Therapy Series, presents a way of working that has been developing over 20 years in a Psychiatry Day Hospital, as coadjuvant treatment for persons diagnosed with severe mental disease, mostly schizophrenia


Assuntos
Humanos , Terapia pela Arte , Saúde Mental , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais , Transtornos Psicóticos Afetivos
5.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 27(Special Issue): 536-542, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747144

RESUMO

For the first time, the effectiveness of art therapy (drama therapy) in children with mental disorders has been studied on substantial clinical data. Psychotherapeutic work involved certain form of drama therapy that included patients watching Moscow theaters performances and then discussing them with family and in group therapy sessions with psychologists. Researchers have developed drama therapy methods for children with mental disorders, determined indications and contraindications for this treatment. The study shows effects of art therapy on the child adaptation to the conditions of the micro-social environment, particularly on his family adaptation, formation of harmonious, supportive, rehabilitative family relations. It is noted that art therapy influences adolescent's adaptation to the conditions of the macrosocial environment, particularly his adaptation in a peer group, behavior in various situations and formation of normal behavioral patterns in different environmental conditions.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtornos Mentais , Psicodrama , Adolescente , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia , Criança , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Moscou
6.
Metas enferm ; 22(9): 59-63, nov. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185041

RESUMO

El trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad (TDAH) afecta desde la infancia a un alto índice de población, incidiendo en las relaciones interpersonales y sociales, así como en la atención focalizada y el manejo de la impulsividad. La arteterapia puede ser un espacio donde poner en acción las capacidades que los niños y niñas tienen para mejorar su autorregulación, facilitando así que puedan mejorar sus capacidades de relación con el entorno. Específicamente en el trabajo con la atención, lo afectivo y lo emocional. Este artículo, noveno de la serie arteterapia, tiene como objetivo mostrar las intervenciones de esta para menores que conviven con TDHA, así como reflejar una experiencia arteterapéutica multidisciplinar, "Crear en Atención", impulsada desde el ámbito sanitario y vinculada a un museo


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects a high rate of population since childhood, with impact on interpersonal and social relationships, as well as on focused attention and impulsivity management. Art Therapy can become a space where to put into action the abilities of boys and girls to improve their self-regulation, thus facilitating an improvement in their abilities to relate with the environment, specifically regarding work on attention, the affective and emotional areas. The objective of this article, the ninth in the Art Therapy series, is to show its interventions for children living with ADHD, as well as to express a multidisciplinary art therapy experience, "Crear en Atención" (Creating in Attention), "driven from the healthcare setting and linked with a museum"


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo/terapia , Terapia pela Arte/métodos , Museus , Terapia pela Arte/organização & administração
8.
Metas enferm ; 22(8): 28-32, oct. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184996

RESUMO

La adultez mayor es un momento del ciclo vital que supone el deterioro de aspectos que han acompañado a la persona desde su juventud. Encara con la pérdida, el duelo y el cambio de lo que ha ayudado a constituir identidad y un rol en el mundo a la persona. La arteterapia, como dispositivo de intervención, ofrece un escenario que permite conectar con el cuerpo (deteriorado) desde el disfrute, permitiendo habitarlo de otra manera; asimismo favorece la conexión con emociones agradables, reconectando con el sentido de estar vivo. Este artículo ofrece una mirada breve al trabajo con personas mayores, identificando los principales mecanismos de acción de la arteterapia y ofreciendo algunas líneas que pueden resultar útiles a la hora de plantearse el trabajo con personas mayores


Elderly age is a moment in the life cycle which represents the deterioration of aspects that have been with the person since youth. It faces the person with loss, mourning and change in what has helped to establish their identity and role in the world. Art Therapy, as an intervention device, offers a scenario that allows them to connect with their body (deteriorated) from enjoyment, allowing them to inhabit it differently; at the same time, it encourages the connection with pleasant emotions, reconnecting with the sense of being alive. This article looks briefly at work with elderly persons, identifying the main mechanisms of action of Art Therapy, and offering some lines that can be helpful at the time of considering work with elderly persons


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia pela Arte/métodos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/terapia , Envelhecimento , Terapia pela Arte/instrumentação
9.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 42: 153-161, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557665

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Caring for cancer patients can be highly stressful for both family caregivers and oncology professionals. These high levels of stress can lead to poorer patient outcomes and increased risk of health problems for the caregivers themselves. Art therapy may help these caregivers as art-making can be a relaxing and enjoyable form of self-expression and art therapists can support individuals in expressing and processing challenging emotions. Research on art-making or art therapy with caregivers of cancer patients has shown some positive results, but its interpretation is limited by the use of multifaceted interventions. METHOD: In this mixed-methods study we compared two brief arts-based approaches for both professional and informal caregivers: single sessions of coloring or open-studio art therapy, with a 45-minute session each. Assessments imcluded self-reports of affect, stress, self-efficacy, anxiety, burnout arnd creative agency alongside salivary biomarkers before and after the session. Open-ended questions, field notes and observations formed the qualitative part of the study. RESULTS: Thirty-four professional (n=25) and informal (n=9) caregivers participated. Participants in both conditions showed increases in positive affect, creative agency, and self-efficacy and decreases in negative affect, anxiety, perceived stress, and burnout. Participants in both conditions expressed enjoyment, relaxation, appreciation of time away from stressors, creative problem solving, a sense of flow, and personal and existential insight. The two approaches also elicited distinct experiences with participants reporting that they found improved focus in coloring and appreciated the support and freedom of expression in open studio art therapy. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that even brief art-making interventions can be beneficial for stressed caregivers of cancer patients. As experience with art-making increased the impact, repeated sessions may be even more useful. We recommend that oncology units have dedicated studio spaces with therapeutic support and different forms of art-making available to meet individual caregiver needs.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Cuidadores/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Radioterapia (Especialidade) , Adulto , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Emoções , Empatia , Existencialismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
11.
Psychiatr Danub ; 31(Suppl 3): 462-466, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488773

RESUMO

Individuals with multiple disabilities can have a wide range of characteristics depending on the combination and severity of the disabilities, such as intellectual disability, mobility issues, sensorial impairment, language issues and brain injury. New technologies can help therapists find an alternative way to engage and interact with clients by opening a communication window and starting to build the therapeutic relationship. The need to use more customized technological tools led us to develop the Painteraction system, an intuitive tool based on Augmented Reality that allows clients to be immersed in their own images. Just by moving their bodies individuals are able to make drawings and receive visual feedback, both from themselves and their therapists, as it appears on the screen. The pilot testing of Painteraction was performed on 21 inpatients at Istituto Serafico (Assisi, Italy) with severe/multiple disabilities in order to explore and assess reaction and responsiveness in a semi-structured art therapy setting. The sample was formed by 14 males and 7 females (N=21) between the ages of 7 and 35. All participants attended three twenty-minute individual art therapy sessions which were approximately one week apart. Through direct and indirect (video recordings) observation of the sessions, it appeared that the specific Augmented Reality tool introduced in the art therapy setting was easily accepted by most of the clients involved and generally allowed the development of an interpersonal therapist-client relationship. The present study therefore gave us the opportunity to test new digital tools in the challenging setting of severe/multiple disabilities and observe the huge potential of new media to empower clients to express themselves and their creativity, and ultimately overcome mental and physical barriers. We propose that Augmented Reality tools are particularly well-suited to art therapy and create an equally suitable therapeutic environment to address specific client needs.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte/métodos , Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Deficiência Intelectual/reabilitação , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Itália , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
12.
Metas enferm ; 22(7): 72-79, sept. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184102

RESUMO

El consumo de drogas y sus consecuencias son una importante causa directa de morbimortalidad en España. También está asociado indirectamente con otros problemas sociales y de salud. La arteterapia tiene un largo recorrido en el tratamiento de las adiciones en otros países y en España tiene cada día más presencia, formando parte de los equipos multidisciplinares en los centros de atención a la drogodependencia. La arteterapia ofrece un espacio seguro para la expresión de las emociones difíciles, que las personas en tratamiento para las adicciones experimentan a través del lenguaje visual desde el que se pueden sortear los bloqueos verbales. Además de facilitar el desarrollo de los recursos que pueden favorecer, también hace que el proceso de cambio desde el consumo a la abstinencia sea una realidad. Este artículo, séptimo de la serie Arteterapia, tiene como objetivo mostrar las aportaciones que la arteterapia ofrece a las personas con adicciones, se tratan las conexiones del abordaje arteterapéutico con el modelo transteórico de Prochaska y DiClemente y la entrevista motivacional, los mecanismos de acción por los cuales opera la arteterapia y, finalmente, se describen varias experiencias arteterapéuticas con un grupo de personas en tratamiento de las adicciones en el marco del proyecto Lakoma


Using drugs and its consequences are a major direct cause of morbimortality in Spain. It is also associated indirectly with other Social and health problems. Art Therapy has a long history in addiction treatment in other countries, and it is increasingly present in Spain, as part of the multidisciplinary teams in Care Centers for Drug Addiction. Art Therapy offers a safe space for expressing those difficult emotions experienced by persons on treatment for addiction, through the visual language that can sort out any verbal blocking. As well as facilitating the development of potentially favourable resources, it also turns into a reality the process of change from use to abstinence This is the seventh article in the Art Therapy series, and its objective is to show the contributions that Art Therapy offers to persons with addiction. It deals with the connections of the Art Therapy approach with the transtheoretical model by Prochaska and Diclemente and the motivational interview, the mechanisms of action through which Art Therapy acts and finally, there is a description of various experiences in Art Therapy with a group of persons on treatment for addiction in the setting of the Lakoma


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia pela Arte/instrumentação , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Terapia pela Arte/métodos , Entrevista Motivacional/métodos , Entrevista Motivacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Psicoterapia/métodos
13.
Soins Psychiatr ; 40(323): 17-20, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402034

RESUMO

As part of a 'Culture in hospital' initiative, street art was displayed in the grounds of Théophile-Roussel hospital, a public mental healthcare facility in Montesson. Professional graffiti artists organised a street art festival, aimed at patients, children, teenagers, adults and the medical and educational staff. This article describes this innovative initiative and the role of cultural and artistic projects in care.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Difusão de Inovações , França , Hospitais , Humanos
14.
Soins Psychiatr ; 40(323): 25-28, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402036

RESUMO

Art therapy is starting to find its place in psychiatric units. However, depending on the facility, it is seen either as an occupational activity, or as a real therapy. While, in both cases, art therapy provides a form of care, it is essential that it is carried out in specific conditions to be truly effective as part of a therapeutic project.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Humanos , Unidade Hospitalar de Psiquiatria
15.
Soins Psychiatr ; 40(323): 29-34, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402037

RESUMO

Art is used as a form of mediation in care units. In addition to its benefit as an occupational activity, it is rooted in the tangible which can help combat apragmatism and anxiety.While this practice helps patients give meaning to their existence, the group approach and the help of a therapist form part of personalised care projects. Work around the self-portrait is an illustration of this practice, between the occupational and the therapeutic.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte/métodos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Autoavaliação , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
16.
Soins Psychiatr ; 40(323): 35-38, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402038

RESUMO

A plastic arts workshop makes no claims to provide therapeutic benefits. Patients are invited to attend without any clear objectives. This occupational activity soon becomes rooted in the care approach. Supported by the nurse, patients draw on their creativity and express a shared pleasure for artistic production. The story of Cyrille conveys a real journey, a vehicle for mental reconstruction, towards the path of possibilities.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte/métodos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Criatividade , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Plásticos , Prazer
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16506, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335722

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of multiple training modalities (MTM) on senior fitness and neuropsychiatric function in the elderly with subjective memory complaints (SMC). METHODS: This study was conducted in 24 elderly subjects with Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) score of 0 and instrument of ascertainment of dementia 8 (AD8) score of <2. The participants were classified into SMC (n = 7) and non-SMC (n = 17).All were assigned to receive multiple training modalities (1 hour for each training: physical fitness activities, calligraphy or drawing, and meditation) twice a week over a 16-week period.A series of senior fitness test, and neuropsychiatric tests, namely the Traditional Chinese version Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Cognitive Assessment Screening Instrument (CASI), and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD), were conducted before and after the intervention. We compared the differences of pre/posttest-MTM and SMC/non-SMC in senior fitness and the neuropsychological tests. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between SMC and non-SMC groups in demographic characteristics. MTM showed significant improvement in senior fitness and CESD, but not in CASI and MMSE. Significant change in recent memory subscale of CASI was only observed in SMC group, whereas improvement of partial senior fitness and CESD were observed in both groups. CONCLUSION: MTM had effects in enhancing senior fitness and improving depressive syndromes in the elderly. MTM contributed to greater improvement in recent memory function in the SMC group than in the non-SMC group.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Terapia por Exercício , Meditação , Transtornos da Memória/terapia , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos da Memória/diagnóstico , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Aptidão Física , Projetos Piloto
18.
Trials ; 20(1): 406, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287010

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: End-of-life (EoL) care professionals are prone to burnout given the intense emotional nature of their work. Previous research supports the efficacy of art therapy in reducing work-related stress and enhancing emotional health among professional EoL caregivers. Integrating mindfulness meditation with art therapy and reflective awareness complementing emotional expression has immense potential for self-care and collegial support. Mindful-compassion art therapy (MCAT) is a novel, empirically informed, and highly structured intervention that aims to reduce work-related stress, cultivate resilience, and promote wellness. This study aims to assess the potential effectiveness of MCAT for supporting EoL care professionals in Singapore. METHODS: This is an open-label waitlist randomized controlled trial. Sixty EoL care professionals, including doctors, nurses, social workers, and personal care workers, are randomly allocated to one of two groups: (i) an intervention group that receives MCAT immediately and (ii) a waitlist-control group that receives MCAT after the intervention group completes treatment. Face-to-face self-administered outcome assessments are collected at three different time points-baseline (T1) for both groups, post-intervention (T2), and 6-week follow-up (T3) for intervention group-as well as pre-intervention (T2) and post-intervention (T3) for the waitlist-control group. The primary outcome measure is burnout, and secondary measures include emotional regulation, resilience, compassion, quality of life, and death attitudes. Between- and within-participant comparisons of outcomes are conducted, and the appropriate effect size estimates are reported. An acceptability and feasibility study is to be conducted by using a triangulation of qualitative data with framework analysis. DISCUSSION: The outcomes of this study will contribute to advancements in both theories and practices for supporting professional EoL caregivers around the world. It will also inform policy makers about the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of delivering a multimodal psycho-socio-spiritual intervention within a community institutional setting. The study has received ethical approval from the institutional review board of Nanyang Technological University. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03440606 . Retrospectively registered February 21, 2018.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Empatia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Atenção Plena , Resiliência Psicológica , Assistentes Sociais/psicologia , Assistência Terminal/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Singapura , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Listas de Espera
19.
Metas enferm ; 22(6): 73-78, jul. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184049

RESUMO

La salud de las personas migrantes se ve amenazada por múltiples factores, entre los que se encuentran los relacionados con las condiciones de vida y trabajo desfavorables a las que se ven expuestas, experiencias de discriminación y bajo apoyo social, así como con el propio proceso migratorio. La arteterapia constituye un enfoque que puede contribuir a mejorar el bienestar de las personas que han vivido procesos de migración, ya que aporta vías y espacios de expresión y de relación a través del arte, así como la identificación y puesta en juego de recursos individuales y grupales para la salud. Su aplicación en el ámbito de la atención sanitaria puede contribuir al abordaje biopsicosocial de este colectivo, a la vez que permite avanzar en el empoderamiento de estas personas para la mejora de su salud. El presente artículo, sexto de la serie Arteterapia, tiene como objetivo explorar las posibilidades que dicha terapia puede aportar en personas que han vivido procesos migratorios, ofreciendo en primera instancia una contextualización acerca de la intervención arterapeútica en estas personas y mostrando una experiencia a través del programa "Tu barrio, tu casa" de Médicos del Mundo Navarra, y concluir con unas consideraciones finales en torno al tema


The health of migrant persons is threatened by multiple factors, including those associated with the exposure to unfavorable life and work conditions, discriminatory experiences and low social support, as well as the migration process itself. Art Therapy represents an approach that can contribute to the improvement in wellbeing for persons who have experienced migration processes, because it offers forms and spaces of expression and connection through art, as well as the identification and implementation of individual and group resources for heath. Its application in the healthcare setting can contribute to the biopsychosocial approach of this group, as well as allowing to move forward in terms of empowering these people for their health improvement. This is the sixth article in the Art Therapy series, and its objective is to explore the possibilities that said therapy can offer to persons who have experiences migration processes, first offering a contextualization about the Art Therapy intervention in these people, and showing an experience through the "Tu barrio, tu casa" ("Your neighbourhood, your home") by Médicos del Mundo ("Doctors of the World") from Navarra, and to end up with some final considerations regarding the subject


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia pela Arte/instrumentação , Terapia pela Arte/organização & administração , Atenção à Saúde , Migrantes/psicologia , Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Terapia pela Arte/métodos , Emigração e Imigração/estatística & dados numéricos
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