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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682646

RESUMO

At present, a smart city from the perspective of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) emphasizes the importance of providing citizens with promising health and well-being. However, with the continuous impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the increase of city population, the health of citizens is facing new challenges. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the relationship between building, environment, landscape design, art therapy (AT), and therapeutic design (TD) in promoting health within the context of sustainable development. It also summarizes the existing applied research areas and potential value of TD that informs future research. This paper adopts the macro-quantitative and micro-qualitative research methods of bibliometric analysis. The results show that: the built environment and AT are related to sustainable development, and closely associated with health and well-being; the application of TD in the environment, architecture, space, and landscape fields promotes the realization of SDGs and lays the foundation for integrating digital technologies such as Building Information Modeling (BIM) into the design process to potentially solve the challenges of TD; and the principle of TD can consider design elements and characteristics from based on people's health needs to better promote human health and well-being.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , COVID-19 , Ambiente Construído , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
2.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 134, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: College students in Generation Z are among the most stressed of our time. Previous research suggests that current interventions on university campuses are primarily for students in crises, but supportive services like psychoeducation to introduce coping skills are scant. Interventions that take both financial and time pressures into account are needed to address the mental health challenges faced by students. This study is designed to determine the unique role of the arts as a proactive mental health strategy for college students. METHODS: A sample of college students in Generation Z (n = 120) will be recruited. Participants will be assigned to Arts-only, mindfulness-only, mindfulness-based art interventions or a non-intervention control group. These interventions will be delivered using a minimal contact, web-based approach. Participants will be screened for eligibility requirements prior to the inclusion in the Time 1 assessment though an online survey. Once enrolled, participants will complete the Time 1 assessment, followed by the intervention. Each assessment will consist of psychological and physiological measures. The MBAT, NCT and MO groups will complete a brief self-care task twice a week for 5 weeks. Upon completion of the assigned intervention, participants will complete a Time 2 assessment and participate in the Trier Social Stress Test. Six weeks post-intervention, participants will complete the final assessment to assess the longevity of effects of the intervention. DISCUSSION: This study will clarify the effects of Mindfulness-based Art Therapy on several biometric and physiological markers above and beyond isolated art therapy or mindfulness interventions. Qualitative data in the form of transcribed exit interviews will be analyzed to characterize the unique needs of Generation Z students, along with level of engagement, intervention acceptance and satisfaction. The results will identify the efficacy of a low-cost and easily accessible mental health intervention targeting college students experiencing stress and anxiety. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04834765, 05/17/21. Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Atenção Plena , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Estudantes , Universidades
3.
Public Health ; 198: 245-251, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487868

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This article presents the findings of a pilot study situated in a tertiary care cancer centre and examines the impact of an art therapy group on the experiences of women living through breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: The study design used in this study is a qualitative cross-case comparative case. METHODS: Ten women were interviewed about their experiences making art, many for the first time. Interviews were transcribed and analysed, along with the participants' artist statements. RESULTS: Categories include the following: the significant benefits of art therapy on their sense of self-efficacy; the emotionally enhancing nature of making art for the first time; the power of their artwork to trigger insights about themselves (including subcategories of self-actualization, existential growth, and post-traumatic growth) or in communicating their experiences to loved ones; and how making art changed their worldview and life philosophies, creating doorways of possibilities. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that art therapy provides a safe context to reflect on profound personal changes and to re-story losses following adversity through creative practices as a dimension of care.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Arte , Criatividade , Feminino , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Autoeficácia
4.
Adv Gerontol ; 34(3): 480-484, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409830

RESUMO

The article deals with the use of art-therapeutic methods in the complex psychological support of the elderly and senile age. The study was conducted on the basis of the Comprehensive Center of Social Services for the Population of the Birsk District and the City of Birsk of the Republic of Bashkortostan and Polyclinic № 1 of Ufa, total sample was 60 respondents aged 60-80 years. The analysis of the results revealed that the use of the art therapy program with the gradual enrichment and complication of art therapy classes stimulates new life orientations, the awareness of the individual of the presence of other psychological characteristics that allow the subject to function successfully in real life.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Humanos , Serviço Social
5.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e051173, 2021 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34373313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The arts therapies include music therapy, dance movement therapy, art therapy and dramatherapy. Preferences for art forms may play an important role in engagement with treatment. This survey was an initial exploration of who is interested in group arts therapies, what they would choose and why. DESIGN: An online cross-sectional survey of demographics, interest in and preferences for the arts therapies was designed in collaboration with patients. The survey took 10 min to complete, including informed consent and 14 main questions. Summary statistics, multinomial logistic regression and thematic analysis were used to analyse the data. SETTING: Thirteen National Health Service mental health trusts in the UK asked mental health patients and members of the general population to participate. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1541 participants completed the survey; 685 mental health patients and 856 members of the general population. All participants were over 18 years old, had capacity to give informed consent and sufficient understanding of English. Mental health patients had to be using secondary mental health services. RESULTS: Approximately 60% of participants would be interested in taking part in group arts therapies. Music therapy was the most frequent choice among mental health patients (41%) and art therapy was the most frequent choice in the general population (43%). Past experience of arts therapies was the most important predictor of preference for that same modality. Expectations of enjoyment, helpfulness, feeling capable, impact on mood and social interaction were most often reported as reasons for preferring one form of arts therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Large proportions of the participants expressed an interest in group arts therapies. This may justify the wide provision of arts therapies and the offer of more than one modality to interested patients. It also highlights key considerations for assessment of preferences in the arts therapies as part of shared decision-making.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Musicoterapia , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Medicina Estatal
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360519

RESUMO

An emerging body of research indicates that active arts engagement can enhance older adults' health and experienced well-being, but scientific evidence is still fragmented. There is a research gap in understanding arts engagement grounded in a multidimensional conceptualization of the value of health and well-being from older participants' perspectives. This Dutch nation-wide study aimed to explore the broader value of arts engagement on older people's perceived health and well-being in 18 participatory arts-based projects (dance, music, singing, theater, visual arts, video, and spoken word) for community-dwelling older adults and those living in long term care facilities. In this study, we followed a participatory design with narrative- and arts-based inquiry. We gathered micro-narratives from older people and their (in)formal caregivers (n = 470). The findings demonstrate that arts engagement, according to participants, resulted in (1) positive feelings, (2) personal and artistic growth, and (3) increased meaningful social interactions. This study concludes that art-based practices promote older people's experienced well-being and increase the quality of life of older people. This study emphasizes the intrinsic value of arts engagement and has implications for research and evaluation of arts engagement.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Arte , Música , Idoso , Humanos , Vida Independente , Qualidade de Vida
7.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 121(7. Vyp. 2): 49-55, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387446

RESUMO

THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To study the effectiveness of non-drug methods of prevention and rehabilitation of patients with various variants of multiple sclerosis (MS) in outpatient settings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a group of 35 patients with limited mobility with various variants of the course of MS, continuous art therapy was performed (art lectures, work with various art materials - markers, pastels, etc.). The average duration of the training cycle in the group was 6 months. Classes were held on an outpatient basis, and if it was impossible to attend classes - remotely. RESULTS: Positive results were obtained in double psychological testing. 68% of patients had decreased levels of depression and anxiety on the HADS scale, 34% of patients refused to take antidepressants. However, positive psychotherapeutic dynamics against the background of art therapy is not a reason to cancel the main basic treatment. CONCLUSION: Art therapy-art therapy and, as its division, color therapy (diagnosis of the condition and treatment of color) is a synthesis of medicine, art and psychology. In MS patients, the following color combinations are recommended when working with art materials:stimulating (red, orange, coral, yellow); soothing (green, blue, blue, purple). Negative colors are excluded - black, gray, dirty shades with a mixture of black or gray.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Cromoterapia , Esclerose Múltipla , Ansiedade , Humanos , Esclerose Múltipla/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 68(4): 96-102, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337708

RESUMO

When a newborn requires immediate hospitalization due to a potentially life-threatening situation, parents face a sudden and significant increase in stress. This situation and the potential loss of their child will bring great grief and loss to the parents, which may lead to conditions that foster dysfunctional family dynamics. This article describes the author's experience providing hospice care to a dying infant with a group B streptococcus infection in the neonatal intensive care unit. The author served as the primary care nurse from April 5th to July 6th, 2019. Data were collected during direct care provision, observations, and interactions with parents, while overall systemic assessments were used in analysis to establish that the health problems of the case were: (1) existing infection: related to group B streptococcus; (2) ineffective tissue perfusion: insufficient perfusion of multiple organs, including brain, heart, lung, and kidney, due to sepsis infection; and (3) caregiver grief: facing the death of a newborn. Nursing care provided to the patient included maintaining individualized physical functions and retaining physical integrity during the end-of-life period. The nursing care provided to the parents included the use of art therapy to encourage them to express their inner emotions through the writing of memoirs and diaries and their participation in companionship. This intervention was designed to help the parents transition from the grief of denying the collapse to the fact that their baby had died. As Taiwanese culture typically avoids discussions of death, the nursing experience described in this article may provide a reference for caring for similar patients. This article highlights the beauty of nursing through art therapy, demonstrates the achievement of whole-person and family-centered nursing, shows how the case was successfully helped through the crisis, and illustrates how normal family functions may be maintained.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Criança , Pesar , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Pais , Relações Profissional-Família
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201236

RESUMO

The emotions that human beings experience have a key role in the environments in which they operate. In art education, creative processes are influenced by the emotions and experiences lived by the individual, enabling a more emotional and creative design to make life more pleasant. The aim was to examine the research during the period 1917-2020 on the development of emotional creativity in art education. Mathematical and statistical techniques were applied to 984 articles carried from Elsevier's Scopus database. The findings yielded data on the scientific productivity of the journal, authors, research institutions, and countries/territories that promoted this field. The data showed an exponential trend, mostly in the last decade. Five lines of research stand out: emotion, higher education, education, art, and leadership. Moreover, five future research directions related to visual art education, affective paradigm, metacompetency, expressive arts therapy group, and cognitive empathy were detected. This study establishes the link between psychology, neuroscience, and artistic education to constitute the decision-making of the promoters of this topic of research. The analysis of international research allowed us to focus the future publications of academics and researchers, in addition to guaranteeing an adequate approach to the objectives of the institutions and funding centers.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Arte , Criatividade , Emoções , Empatia , Humanos
10.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 7: CD013321, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many women experience fear of childbirth (FOC). While fears about childbirth may be normal during pregnancy, some women experience high to severe FOC. At the extreme end of the fear spectrum is tocophobia, which is considered a specific condition that may cause distress, affect well-being during pregnancy and impede the transition to parenthood. Various interventions have been trialled, which support women to reduce and manage high to severe FOC, including tocophobia. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for reducing fear of childbirth (FOC) compared with standard maternity care in pregnant women with high to severe FOC, including tocophobia. SEARCH METHODS: In July 2020, we searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register, ClinicalTrials.gov, the World Health Organization (WHO) International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (ICTRP), and reference lists of retrieved studies. We contacted researchers of trials which were registered and appeared to be ongoing. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised clinical trials which recruited pregnant women with high or severe FOC (as defined by the individual trial), for treatment intended to reduce FOC. Two review authors independently screened and selected titles and abstracts for inclusion. We excluded quasi-randomised and cross-over trials. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard methodological approaches as recommended by Cochrane. Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed the studies for risk of bias. A third review author checked the data analysis for accuracy. We used GRADE to assess the certainty of the evidence. The primary outcome was a reduction in FOC. Secondary outcomes were caesarean section, depression, birth preference for caesarean section or spontaneous vaginal delivery, and epidural use. MAIN RESULTS: We included seven trials with a total of 1357 participants. The interventions included psychoeducation, cognitive behavioural therapy, group discussion, peer education and art therapy. We judged four studies as high or unclear risk of bias in terms of allocation concealment; we judged three studies as high risk in terms of incomplete outcome data; and in all studies, there was a high risk of bias due to lack of blinding. We downgraded the certainty of the evidence due to concerns about risk of bias, imprecision and inconsistency. None of the studies reported data about women's anxiety. Participating in non-pharmacological interventions may reduce levels of fear of childbirth, as measured by the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (W-DEQ), but the reduction may not be clinically meaningful (mean difference (MD) -7.08, 95% confidence interval (CI) -12.19 to -1.97; 7 studies, 828 women; low-certainty evidence). The W-DEQ tool is scored from 0 to 165 (higher score = greater fear). Non-pharmacological interventions probably reduce the number of women having a caesarean section (RR 0.70, 95% CI 0.55 to 0.89; 5 studies, 557 women; moderate-certainty evidence). There may be little to no difference between non-pharmacological interventions and usual care in depression scores measured with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) (MD 0.09, 95% CI -1.23 to 1.40; 2 studies, 399 women; low-certainty evidence). The EPDS tool is scored from 0 to 30 (higher score = greater depression). Non-pharmacological interventions probably lead to fewer women preferring a caesarean section (RR 0.37, 95% CI 0.15 to 0.89; 3 studies, 276 women; moderate-certainty evidence).  Non-pharmacological interventions may increase epidural use compared with usual care, but the 95% CI includes the possibility of a slight reduction in epidural use (RR 1.21, 95% CI 0.98 to 1.48; 2 studies, 380 women; low-certainty evidence). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The effect of non-pharmacological interventions for women with high to severe fear of childbirth in terms of reducing fear is uncertain. Fear of childbirth, as measured by W-DEQ, may be reduced but it is not certain if this represents a meaningful clinical reduction of fear. There may be little or no difference in depression, but there may be a reduction in caesarean section delivery. Future trials should recruit adequate numbers of women and measure birth satisfaction and anxiety.


Assuntos
Medo/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Transtornos Fóbicos/terapia , Analgesia Epidural/psicologia , Analgesia Epidural/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgesia Obstétrica/psicologia , Analgesia Obstétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia pela Arte , Viés , Cesárea/psicologia , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Aconselhamento , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tocologia , Gravidez , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072927

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to examine changes in brain waves, stress, and self-esteem after a continuous eight-week nature-based art therapy program in the forest in non-disabled siblings of children with disabilities. A total of 29 participants participated in this study (art therapy program group, n = 18; control group, n = 11). The art therapy program group received eight weekly sessions of art therapy lasting 60 min each. Pre- and post-test results showed positive changes in the brain function index and stress levels of the participants in the art therapy program group. On the self-esteem scale, overall and social self-esteem increased significantly. In conclusion, creative activities in the forest can increase resistance to diseases through mechanisms that relieve stress and increase self-esteem. If art therapy that emphasizes somatosensory experience, creative expression, and self-motivation is accompanied by forest activities, this combined intervention can elicit positive physical and psychological changes.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Crianças com Deficiência , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Criança , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Autoimagem , Irmãos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065044

RESUMO

This study examined the effects of group art therapy on depression, burden, and self-efficacy in primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries. This was a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group and a pre- and post-test design. This study was carried out in one national rehabilitation hospital targeting 41 primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries. Group art therapy intervention was carried out three days per week comprising 12 sessions over four consecutive weeks. The experimental group (n = 20) received group art therapy, whereas the control group (n = 21) did not. We used a time difference method to minimize the risk of contaminating the control group by sampling sequentially. For depression, although there was a significant difference after the intervention (t = 3.296, p = 0.004), the mean difference score was not statistically significant between the experimental group and the control group (t = 0.861, p = 0.395). The experimental group showed a significantly greater decrease in burden (t = 2.462, p = 0.020) and significantly greater improvement in self-efficacy (t = -6.270, p < 0.001) than the control group. Group art therapy may be an effective nursing intervention for primary family caregivers of patients with brain injuries.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Lesões Encefálicas , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Lesões Encefálicas/terapia , Cuidadores , Humanos , República da Coreia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34066465

RESUMO

Arts-based approaches have not been widely used in the drug and alcohol treatment sector. In this study, we examined the utility of the arts-based method of Body Mapping in an Australian residential treatment centre. Two workshops were held to explore young people's strengths and support networks in order to improve understandings of young people's lives, identities and experiences of treatment. Semi-structured follow-up interviews were conducted and triangulated with observational notes and staff interviews. We identified four major themes: engaging through art; removing the mask; revealing strengths; and a sense of achievement. Overall, this study highlighted the value of Body Mapping as an approach to engage with young people, providing rich in-depth data about their lived experiences, including in the alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment context.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Adolescente , Austrália , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
16.
Clin Ter ; 172(3): 236-240, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33956044

RESUMO

Abstract: The article describes some psychological peculiarities of the work with the emotional state of patients and one of the possible ways to correct it using art therapy - felt therapy, (the use of non-spun wool in an art therapy process). In the article are described the possibilities of this material and the effects of its use. The main tasks of the work are the formation of a conscious attitude to the disease, the recognition of the "secondary benefits" of having a "symptom", the actualization, awareness and replenishment of the spectrum of internal resources, the evolution of the ability to gain the access to them, as well as the integration, acceptance of the "symptom" and the suffering part of the personality, the acceptance of the diversity of one's own "I". The art therapeutic exercise described in the article also aims to reinforce a new positively colored creative experience, the formation of positive thinking. All of these helps the patient to feel a holistic personality, more harmonious and happy.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte/métodos , , Animais , Atitude , Emoções , Humanos , Personalidade
17.
Public Health ; 194: 270-273, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the report is to summarise the progress made during a six-month pilot project expanding arts therapies provision from an inpatient service to community services, in a National Health Service health board's Older Adult Mental Health Services, in response to the need for direct therapy with older adults who have severe cognitive impairment and communication difficulties arising from dementia and/or complex mental health difficulties. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report on a pilot project. METHODS: The level of need for the service was explored, and indicators of effectiveness were gathered using evaluation forms-observer feedback forms and ARM-5 (Agnew Relationship Measure - 5) - to indicate the therapeutic alliance, team review and feedback from colleagues. RESULTS: To gather indications about the level of need, we recorded the following: number of referrals (n = 125) and waiting list numbers at the end of the project (n = 34). CONCLUSIONS: This pilot project indicates that there is need for psychological interventions in older adult community mental health services that arts therapies provision can help address. The number of referrals is one indicator of the level of need, and positive feedback from clients, families and colleagues, is an indicator that the team delivered effectively. The areas of client need addressed in sessions as documented in observer feedback forms indicate that for these clients, arts therapies was a valuable resource in addressing challenges arising from mental health difficulties and/or dementia.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte/organização & administração , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Serviços Comunitários de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Demência/terapia , Medicina Estatal/organização & administração , Idoso , Conselho Diretor , Humanos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais , Projetos Piloto , Resultado do Tratamento , País de Gales
18.
Int J Ment Health Nurs ; 30(4): 1001-1009, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904636

RESUMO

Therapeutic recreation is beneficial for people with and without disabilities, promoting an empowered, connected, and joyful life. The present study aimed to analyse canvas art created on a therapeutic recreation programme called Recovery Camp, to discover what they reveal about the shared experiences which have occurred. This study utilized an arts-based research method and thematic analysis to discover what participants have communicated via their artwork from ten camps between 2018 and 2019. This study adheres to the COREQ guidelines for qualitative studies. Reflexive thematic analysis produced subthemes which informed three main themes and an identified core meaning of Social Capital. The three main themes were Togetherness and teamwork, Positivity, and Gratitude for Recovery Camp. Based on these findings, canvas art has revealed that shared experiences during a therapeutic recreation camp were positive and connecting. Social capital was created and bridged at Recovery Camp through teamwork and prosocial attitudes. Gratitude has also been disclosed by participants for their shared positive experience.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Acampamento , Pessoas com Deficiência , Capital Social , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
19.
Public Health ; 194: 121-126, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882405

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is growing interest in arts practices in relation to public health, including their potential to support psychological well-being. This study sought to understand the impact of Hear and Now, an intergenerational arts and health project, upon indicators of psychological well-being among all groups involved: young people, older people with a diagnosis of dementia and their carers and partners and the project's artistic team. STUDY DESIGN: This was a descriptive exploratory qualitative study, using focus groups and observation as data collection methods. METHODS: Study participants were 65 people representing the four groups participating in the 2019 Hear and Now project: older adults living with a diagnosis of dementia, their carers and partners, young people and a team of professional artists and facilitators. Of these, 27 participated in one or more of seven focus groups. Participants were asked about their previous engagement with music and dance, thoughts about the intergenerational element of the project and other aspects of their experiences that related to indicators of well-being. In order to investigate the project's impact on participants' well-being, Seligman's PERMA model was adopted, which sets out five indicators of well-being: positive emotions, engagement, positive relationships, meaning and achievement/accomplishment. RESULTS: Experiences relating to all five areas of the PERMA model were evidenced by all groups in relation to their involvement in the project. Additional health benefits were also cited by some, as well as enhanced perceptions of other members of the project cohort. CONCLUSIONS: The findings support existing literature that intergenerational and arts activities can be beneficial for individuals' psychological health. Experiences relating to all five dimensions of the PERMA model of well-being (positive emotion, engagement, positive relationships, meaning, achievement/accomplishment) were cited by the four participant groups, which suggests examining the impact of such projects on all project collaborators is worthy of further study. Understanding the impact these projects can have on the various groups involved will enable artistic and healthcare communities to better collaborate and value each other's practices.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte/métodos , Cuidadores/psicologia , Demência/terapia , Relação entre Gerações , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cuidadores/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Demência/psicologia , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Relig Health ; 60(6): 4361-4386, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856618

RESUMO

This study was designed to adopt art therapy from an Islamic perspective by adding/including shapes and designs of Islamic origin. This was basically color therapy and was designed to find its effectiveness in reducing depression, anxiety. Stress and enhancing psychological well-being of university students with high and low-religious levels from Islamabad and Rawalpindi. This study was carried out in two phases. The first phase was to develop Islamic adult coloring book with Islamic patterns and calligraphy. The second phase was the main study, and it was an experimental study which included screening out a sample, consisting of mild to moderate levels of depression, anxiety and stress and high and low-religiosity levels. A sample of 60 university students received Islamic patterned art therapy. On the basis of religiosity, two groups were formed as either a high-religious group or a low-religious group with individuals in both groups completing fourteen sessions. Pre- and post-test assessments were undertaken via the psychometric tools DASS-21, psychological well-being scale and religiosity scale. Statistics from the independent sample t-test and paired sample t-test and repeated measures ANOVA for within group and between group comparisons, revealed that there was a significant difference from pre-test to post-test assessments of depression anxiety and stress and psychological well-being, whereas there were nonsignificant gender differences on the bases of high and low-religiosity levels. Therefore, it could be concluded that Islamic patterned art therapy was found effective in reducing depression anxiety stress and increasing psychological well-being of university students.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Universidades , Adulto , Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Humanos , Islamismo , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Estudantes
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