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1.
Nutrients ; 13(6)2021 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34205461

RESUMO

Malnourishment is prevalent in patients suffering from head and neck cancer. The postoperative period is crucial in terms of nutritional support, especially after composite resection and reconstruction surgery. These patients present with a number of risk factors that aggravate feeding intolerance, including postoperative status, prolonged immobility, decreased head elevation, mechanical ventilation, and applied sedative agents. Routine management protocols for feeding intolerance include prokinetic drug use and post-pyloric tube insertion, which could be both limited and accompanied by detrimental adverse events. This single-blind clinical trial aimed to investigate the effects of acupuncture in postoperative feeding intolerance in critically ill oral and hypopharyngeal cancer patients. Twenty-eight patients were randomized into two groups: Intervention group and Control group. Interventions were administered daily over three consecutive postoperative days. The primary outcome revealed that the intervention group reached 70% and 80% of target energy expenditure (EE) significantly earlier than the control group (4.00 ± 1.22 versus 6.69 ± 3.50 days, p = 0.012), accompanied by higher total calorie intake within the first postoperative week (10263.62 ± 1086.11 kcals versus 8384.69 ± 2120.05 kcals, p = 0.004). Furthermore, the intervention group also needed less of the prokinetic drug (Metoclopramide, 20.77 ± 48.73 mg versus 68.46 ± 66.56 mg, p = 0.010). In conclusion, digestion-specific acupuncture facilitated reduced postoperative feeding intolerance in oral and hypopharyngeal cancer patients.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Estado Terminal/terapia , Digestão , Neoplasias Hipofaríngeas/terapia , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Idoso , China , Ingestão de Energia , Metabolismo Energético , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/etiologia , Desnutrição/terapia , Metoclopramida/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Apoio Nutricional/métodos , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26244, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260523

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been a global increase in obesity and obesity-related diseases. The prevention and treatment of obesity have become one of the most significant public health challenges worldwide in the 21st century, and how to effectively curb the occurrence of obesity has become a major global concern. Numerous studies have shown that the majority of obese individuals do not respond to leptin, and instead demonstrate leptin resistance. Clinical studies have found that acupuncture is widely used in the clinical treatment of obesity in recent years, but whether it can improve leptin resistance has not been systematically reviewed. This study is aimed to investigate the effectiveness of acupuncture in obesity with leptin resistance (LR). METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang, Technology Journal Database (VIP), and China Biology Medicine disc (CBM). Chinese Clinical Trial Registry. The time was from the establishment of the database to March 19, 2021. RevMan 5.3 software was used to assess the quality and risk of the included studies. RESULTS: This study will be conducted in terms of clinical efficacy, serum leptin content, and body weight change. The current evidence shows that the incidence of the disease is high and the comprehensive quality is high. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this review will provide a basis for judging whether acupuncture therapy is effective in the treatment of leptin resistance in obesity.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Leptina/metabolismo , Obesidade/terapia , Fatores Etários , Grupos Étnicos , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Fatores Sexuais
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26636, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As far as we know, no evidence has been established to assess the effects of acupuncture for acute cerebral infarction patients. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis will be conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture on cerebrovascular reserve in patients with acute cerebral infarction. METHODS: On June 20, 2021, the authors will perform a preliminary search in the PubMed, Embase, and Scopus databases using the following keywords: "acupuncture," "acute cerebral infarction." We will also examine the Clinical Trials Registry for other ongoing and unpublished studies. The inclusion criteria included (1) patients with acute cerebral infarction, (2) patients who received acupuncture, and (3) studies assessed cerebrovascular reserve, breath-holding index, Barthel index, and adverse events. All English language randomized controlled trials published within the last 20 years were eligible for inclusion. Primary outcome measures in our study are cerebrovascular reserve, and secondary outcome measures include the breath-holding index, Barthel index, and adverse events. All outcomes are pooled on a random-effect model. RESULTS: The results of this research will be delivered in a peer-reviewed journal. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: 10.17605/OSF.IO/7M4BK.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Volume Sanguíneo Cerebral/fisiologia , Infarto Cerebral/terapia , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Doença Aguda , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
4.
Trials ; 22(1): 450, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261530

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common autoimmune disease that severely impacts quality of life. Currently available medications for the treatment of RA have adverse side effects. Emerging evidence suggests that intradermal acupuncture (IA) is feasible and safe for patients, but its application in RA patients has not been examined. Our study aims to explore the efficacy and safety of IA for the treatment of RA. METHODS: This study is a randomised, sham-controlled, patient-outcome assessor-statistician blind trial that aims to evaluate the effects of IA in patients with RA. We will recruit 132 patients aged ≥ 18 years with a diagnosis of RA. Patients will be randomly allocated with a 1:1 ratio to IA or sham IA groups. Both groups will receive basic treatment and nursing routines for RA. The experimental group will receive actual IA treatment, whereas the control group will receive sham IA treatment. All patients will receive one course of treatment (i.e., four consecutive treatment sessions with an intervening 1-day interval). Primary outcomes will be traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes before and after a treatment course and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) scores. Secondary outcomes will be disease activity score 28 (DAS28) and levels of serum C-reactive protein (CRP). Outcome measures will be collected pre- and post-treatment. DISCUSSION: This study aims to provide high-quality evidence for the efficacy and safety of IA for treating RA. In addition, the results will provide references for selection of acupoints for other syndromes in clinical practice. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2000038028 . Registered on 8 September 2020.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Artrite Reumatoide , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 73(3): 433-445, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230945

RESUMO

Migraine is a neurological disorder characterized by attacks of moderate or severe headache and various neurological symptoms. Acupuncture, as a commonly used non-pharmacological therapy, has the advantage of obvious therapeutic effect and few side effects in the prevention and treatment of migraine. But the underlying mechanism of acupuncture on migraine remains unclear. Recently, advances in neuroimaging technology have helped to objectively assess the effect of acupuncture on treating migraine and offered new opportunities to explore the central mechanism of acupuncture on treating migraine. In order to better understand the current status of neuroimaging studies on the therapeutic mechanism of acupuncture on migraine and shed light on future research, this review aims to overview the neuroimaging studies in recent 10 years from two aspects: (1) Central mechanism of acupuncture on treating acute migraine attack; (2) Central mechanism of acupuncture on preventing migraine attack.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Neuroimagem
6.
Trials ; 22(1): 454, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome is a common cause of infertility and shows a high incidence in women of reproductive age. Acupuncture is an appropriate adjunctive treatment for PCOS. However, the add-on effect of acupuncture as an adjunctive treatment for obese women with PCOS has not been studied, and previous studies indicate that there are individual differences in the curative effect of acupuncture, while deeper research on the mechanism of differences in the individual curative effect of acupuncture for obese women with PCOS is still lacking. This trial aims to assess the add-on treatment efficacy of acupuncture for obese women with PCOS and to explore the role of the gut microbiome on the differences in the individual curative effect of acupuncture based on metagenomic analysis. METHODS/DESIGN: This is an open-label, randomized, controlled trial. A total of 86 obese women with PCOS will be recruited. Subjects will be randomly assigned to a study group and a control group in a 1:1 ratio, with 43 subjects in each group (10 patients from each group who meet the study criteria will participate in the metagenomic analysis). An additional 10 subjects who meet the study criteria will be recruited to a healthy control group. The study group will receive acupuncture and clomiphene citrate treatment; the control group will only receive clomiphene citrate. Acupuncture treatment will be conducted three times a week from the fifth day of menstruation or withdrawal bleeding until the start of the next menstruation, for up to three menstrual cycles. The primary outcome will be LH/FSH. The secondary outcomes will comprise biometric features, hormone biomarkers, metabolic biomarkers, inflammatory biomarkers, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale, and metagenomic analysis. The outcomes will be measured at baseline and post-intervention. Data will be analyzed using SPSS 19.0, and the gut microbiome will be analyzed using metagenomic analysis. DISCUSSION: In this study, we are evaluating the add-on effects of acupuncture and exploring the mechanism of the differences in the individual curative effect of acupuncture based on the gut microbiome, which may provide evidence to explain the different outcomes of different trials on acupuncture for PCOS and hopefully to provide a new aspect to study the mechanism of acupuncture's treatment effect. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR2000029882 . Registered on 16 February 2020.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Clomifeno , Feminino , Humanos , Menstruação , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/terapia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/diagnóstico , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 703-10, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259398

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with western conventional therapy on type Ⅱ respiratory failure of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and evaluate the effect of acupuncture on diaphragmatic function and prognosis by bedside ultrasound. METHODS: A total of 111 patients with AECOPD type Ⅱ respiratory failure were randomized into an acupuncture group, a conventional treatment group and a non-acupoint acupuncture group, 37 cases in each one. The routine AECOPD nursing care and treatment with western medicine were provided in the 3 groups. Additionally, in the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied at Dingchuan (EX-B 1), Feishu (BL 13), Taiyuan (LU 9), Danzhong (CV 17) and Zhongwan (CV 12), etc. In the non-acupoint acupuncture group, acupuncture was given at the points 5 to 10 mm lateral to each of the acupoints selected in the acupuncture group. Acupuncture was given once every day, 30 min each time, consecutively for 10 days in the above two groups. Separately, before treatment, on day 3, 7 and 10 of treatment, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) and diaphragm thickening fraction (TFdi) were observed in each group. Before and after treatment, the inflammatory and immune indexes (levels of white blood cell [WBC], procalcitonin [PCT], hypersensitive C-reactive protein [hs-CRP] and T lymphocyte percentage [ %]), auxiliary respiratory muscle movement score, the score of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) assessment test (CAT), the score of the modified British Medical Research Council dyspnea scale (mMRC) and the TCM syndrome score were compared in each group. The duration of mechanical ventilation, relative complications, 14-day clinical controlled discharge rate and the therapeutic effect were observed in each group. RESULTS: On day 3, 7 and 10 of treatment, PaO2 and TFdi were all increased as compared with those before treatment (P<0.01) and PaCO2 was reduced as compared with that before treatment in each group (P<0.01). After treatment, % was increased as compared with that before treatment in each group (P<0.01), WBC, PCT, hs-CRP, auxiliary respiratory muscle movement score, CAT score, mMRC score and TCM syndrome score were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in each group (P<0.01). After treatment, PaCO2, WBC, PCT, hs-CRP, auxiliary respiratory muscle movement score, CAT score and mMRC score in the acupuncture group were all lower than the other two groups (P<0.01), PaO2 and TFdi were higher than the other two groups (P<0.01); % was higher and TCM syndrome score was lower in the acupuncture group compared with those in the non-acupoint acupuncture group (P<0.01). The duration of mechanical ventilation and the total incidence of complications in the acupuncture group were all lower than the other two groups (P<0.01), and the 14-day clinical controlled discharge rate and total clinical effective rate were higher than the other two groups (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture as adjunctive therapy achieves significant therapeutic effect on AECOPD type Ⅱ respiratory failure. It improves diaphragmatic function, promotes oxygenation and relieves carbon dioxide retention of artery, alleviates clinical symptoms and reduces the time of mechanic ventilation and hospitalization. Besides, the bedside ultrasound detection can objectively reflect the effect of acupuncture on diaphragmatic function in the patients with AECOPD complicated with typeⅡrespiratory failure.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Insuficiência Respiratória , Pontos de Acupuntura , Diafragma , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia
8.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 711-5, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259399

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect between yin-yang penetrating acupuncture with elongated needle and routine acupuncture for spastic limb dysfunction after stroke. METHODS: A total of 60 patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. Both groups received basic treatment, yin-yang penetrating acupuncture with elongated needle was applied from Yanglingquan (GB 34) to Xuanzhong (GB 39), Quchi (LI 11) to Wenliu (LI 7), Huantiao (GB 30) to Fengshi (GB 31), Jianyu (LI 15) to Quchi (LI 11), etc. on the affected side in the observation group; routine acupuncture was applied at Neiguan (PC 6), Shuigou (GV 26), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Jiquan (HT 1), Chize (LU 5), Weizhong (BL 40), Jianyu (LI 15), etc. on the affected side in the control group. Once a day, 5 times a week, 2 weeks as a course, 2 courses were required in the two groups. Before and after treatment,the modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade, Fugl-Meyer assessment scale (FMA) score, activity of daily living scale (ADL) (Barthel index) score were observed, and the clinical effect was evaluated in the two groups. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the MAS grade after treatment was improved in the two groups (P<0.05), that in the observation group was superior to the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the FMA and ADL scores after treatment were increased in the two groups (P<0.05), the changes in the observation group were larger than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate in the observation group was 80.0% (24/30), which was superior to 70.0% (21/30) in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Yin-yang penetrating acupuncture with elongated needle could improve muscle tension, spasm grade and motor function in patients with spastic limb dysfunction after stroke, enhance the activity of daily living, its clinical effect is superior to routine acupuncture.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Espasticidade Muscular/etiologia , Espasticidade Muscular/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Yin-Yang
9.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 717-20, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of tapping at acupoints along meridian combined with thunder-fire moxibustion on upper-limb muscle strength and activities of daily living in patients with upper-limb hemiplegia after stroke. METHODS: A total of 140 patients with upper-limb hemiplegia after stroke were randomly divided into a combination group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off), an acupoint-tapping group (35 cases), a moxibustion group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a routine group (35 cases). The patients in the routine group were only treated with routine treatment and nursing. On the basis of the treatment in the routine group, the patients in the acupoint-tapping group were treated with tapping along the large intestine meridian of hand yangming, with Hegu (LI 4), Shousanli (LI 10), Quchi (LI 11), Shouwuli (LI 13) and Jianyu (LI 15) as the key acupoints, once a day, 10 min each time; the patients in the moxibustion group were treated with thunder-fire moxibustion at the affected-side Shousanli (LI 10), Quchi (LI 11) and their surrounding area, once a day, 15 min each time. The patients in the combination group were treated with tapping at acupoints along meridian, followed by thunder-fire moxibustion. The treatment was 6 days a week for 4 weeks in the 4 groups. The body mass index of joint activity (shoulder abduction, elbow extension, wrist flexion) and Barthel index (BI) score were observed before and after treatment in the four groups. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, body mass indexs of shoulder abduction, elbow extension, wrist flexion as well as BI scores in the four groups were significantly increased after treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, the body mass indexs of joint activity in the combination group were higher than those in the other three groups (P<0.05). The BI scores in the acupoint-tapping group, the moxibustion group and the combination group were higher than those in the routine group (P<0.05). The BI score in the combination group was higher than the acupoint-tapping group and the moxibustion group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Tapping at acupoints along meridian combined with thunder-fire moxibustion could effectively improve the upper-limb muscle strength and activities of daily living in patients with upper-limb hemiplegia after stroke, and its effect is superior to simple tapping at acupoints along meridian or thunder-fire moxibustion.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Atividades Cotidianas , Pontos de Acupuntura , Hemiplegia/etiologia , Hemiplegia/terapia , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Punho
10.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 721-4, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture on chronic insomnia, and explore its possible mechanism. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with chronic insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off ). The observation group was treated with Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Shenting (GV 24), etc. once every other day, 3 times a week. The control group was treated with estazolam tablets (1 mg) orally before going to bed every night. The treatments of both groups were required 4 weeks. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scores, serum gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and cortisol (CORT) levels were observed before and after treatment in the two groups, and the clinical effect was compared. RESULTS: After treatment, the sleep quality, day dysfunction scores of PSQI in the observation group and the falling asleep time, sleep time, sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance scores and total scores of PSQI in the two groups were lower than before treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment, the daytime dysfunction score of PSQI in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the serum GABA levels in the two groups were higher than before treatment (P<0.05), and the serum CORT levels were lower than before treatment (P<0.01). The total effective rate was 90% (27/30) in the observation group and 93.1% (27/29) in the control group, the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture has the same effect as western medication estazolam tablets in the treatment of patients with chronic insomnia, and has little effect on daytime dysfunction. The mechanism may be related to the increase of serum GABA level and the inhibition of the hyperactivation of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Pontos de Acupuntura , Estazolam , Humanos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico
11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 742-6, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259405

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy between acupuncture-moxibustion treatment by stages and femoston for premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). METHODS: A total of 66 patients with POI were randomly divided into an observation group (33 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group, based on the theory of "transformation of yin and yang", were treated with acupuncture-moxibustion by stages in the postmenstrual period, ovulatory period, premenstrual period and menstrual period, once every other day, 3 times a week. The patients in the control group were treated with oral administration of femoston (estradiol tablets/estradiol and dydrogesterone tablets, 1 tablet per day). Both groups were treated for 3 menstrual cycles. The ovarian function (serum follicle-stimulating hormone [FSH], luteinizing hormone [LH], estradiol [E2], anti-mullerian hormone [AMH] and antral follicle count [AFC]) and perimenopausal symptoms [modified Kupperman index (KI) scale score] were observed before and after treatment, and the menstrual improvement of the two groups was compared. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the serum levels of FSH and LH were decreased (P<0.01), the levels of E2 were increased (P<0.01) in the two groups after treatment; the serum level of AMH and AFC in the observation group were increased after treatment (P<0.01). After treatment, the serum level of AMH and AFC in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, there was no significant difference in the menstrual return rate and menstrual regularity rate between the amenorrhea patients of the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, the modified KI scale scores in the two groups were reduced (P<0.01), and the modified KI scale score in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture- moxibustion treatment by stages based on the theory of "transformation of yin and yang" has similar efficacy with femoston in improving serum sex hormone level and menstrual symptoms in patients with POI, and has advantages in improving serum AMH level, AFC and perimenopausal symptoms.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária , Pontos de Acupuntura , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Humanos , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/terapia
12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 751-5, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Jin's three-needle combined with Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture on development level and activity of daily living in children with intellectual disability, and explore its mechanism. METHODS: A total of 60 children with intellectual disability were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the control group, rehabilitation training and routine acupuncture were adopted, 30 min each time, once a day, 6 times a week for 3 months. On the base of the treatment as the control group, Jin's three-needle combined with Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture were adopted in the observation group. Jin's three-needle was applied at Sishenzhen, Zhisanzhen, Naosanzhen and Niesanzhen for 1 h, Shouzhizhen and Zuzhizhen for 30 min. Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Shuigou (GV 26), etc. for 30 min, once a day, 6 times a week for 3 months. Before and after treatment,the scores of developmental quotient (DQ) and activity of daily living (ADL) were recorded, and the serum levels of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and monoamine neurotransmitters (dopamine [DA], norepinephrine [NE] and 5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) were detected in the two groups. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the scores of DQ and ADL and the serum levels of DA, NE, 5-HT after treatment were increased (P<0.05), the serum levels of NSE were decreased (P<0.05) in the two groups. After treatment, the scores of DQ and ADL and the serum levels of DA, NE, 5-HT in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05), while the serum level of NSE was lower than the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: On the base of rehabilitation training and routine acupuncture, Jin's three-needle combined with Tongdu Tiaoshen acupuncture can significantly improve development level and activity of daily living in children with intellectual disability, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of serum levels of NSE and monoamine neurotransmitter.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Deficiência Intelectual , Atividades Cotidianas , Pontos de Acupuntura , Criança , Humanos , Agulhas , Neurotransmissores , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 767-73, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy of Jiannao Anshen acupuncture (acupuncture for brain-invigorating and mind-calming) on insomnia, and the dynamic changes of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) before and after acupuncture, to provide neuroimaging basis of acupuncture for insomnia. METHODS: A total of 58 participants were included. Of them, 29 patients with insomnia were included into an observation group, and 29 healthy participants were included into a control group. The patients in the observation group were treated with Jiannao Anshen acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), bilateral Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Fengfu (GV 16), Fengchi (GB 20), Qiangjian (GV 18), occipital sideline, Anmian (Extra), Yiming (EX-HN 14) and Dazhui (GV 14); treatment was given once a day, 10 days as a course of treatment, and a total of 2 courses of treatment was given. The resting-state fMRI data was collected in the observation group before and after treatment. The participants in the control group received no treatment, and the resting-state fMRI data was collected only once. The resting-state fMRI data in the observation group before treatment and in the control group, also the observation group before and after treatment were compared. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), insomnia severity index (ISI), daytime insomnia symptom scale (DISS), hyperarousal scale (HAS), Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA), Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), digit symbol test, mini-mental state examination (MMSE), Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) and the A, B speed of trail making test (NCT) were observed in the observation group before and after treatment. The clinical efficacy of the observation group was evaluated. RESULTS: The total effective rate was 89.7% (26/29) in the observation group. In the observation group, the scores of PSQI, ISI and DISS, the A, B speed of NCT were all decreased after treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). Before treatment, compared with the control group, functional connectivity in ventral dorsal prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, inferior parietal lobe, dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, left ventral anterior cingulate gyrus and right ventral anterior cingulate gyrus was reduced in the observation group; compared before treatment, the functional connectivity in lingual gyrus, cerebellar area 6, frontal lobe, insular lobe and anterior cingulate gyrus, premotor gyrus and posterior cingulate gyrus was increased after treatment in the observation group. After treatment, the functional connection intensity of left ventral caudate nucleus and insular lobe was negatively correlated with HAMD score in the observation group (r =-0.55, P<0.05), and the functional connection intensity of left ventral caudate nucleus and anterior cingulate gyrus was negatively correlated with HAMA score in the observation group (r =-0.47, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The Jiannao Anshen acupuncture could effectively improve the sleep quality in patients with insomnia, and acupuncture could enhance the connection of left dorsal, right ventral and left ventral caudate nucleus with brain area.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Emoções , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia
14.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 789-91, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259413

RESUMO

Professor ZHENG Liang believes that the main pathogenesis of postoperative facial paralysis is related to the retarded circulation of qi and blood and malnutrition of tendons and vessels in local area because of local retention of "stasis" after surgical trauma. In treatment of postoperative facial paralysis with acupotomy, the abnormal facial structure after operation should be considered specially. The region where acupotomy is exerted is determined by taking surgical scar as the center so that the local adhesion can be released and separated. In treatment, the knife needle should be as fine as possible and the attention be paid to the direction of needle insertion and the release amplitude. The frequency of acupotomy should be once per week.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial , Paralisia Facial/etiologia , Paralisia Facial/terapia , Humanos , Terapias Mente-Corpo , Período Pós-Operatório , Tendões
15.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 792-4, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259414

RESUMO

This paper introduces the specific clinical experience of professor SHENG Can-ruo in treatment of peripheral facial paralysis with the combination of acupuncture-moxibustion and herbal medicine. Professor SHENG Can-ruo advocates "acupuncture-moxibustion for the external and herbal decoction for the internal", inventes "three facial points" and "jianei point" and experienced in "pair points" and "pair herbs". Professor SHENG rationally applies penetrating needling technique, mutually uses acupuncture-moxibustion and herbal medicine and determines the treatment in stages so that the remarkably clinical effect has been achieved on peripheral facial paralysis.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Herbária , Humanos
16.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 795-7, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259415

RESUMO

There are a large number of clinical reports that acupoint injection therapy is effective, but there are still some basic problems that have not been effectively resolved, such as the type, dosage, concentration and compatibility of acupoint injection drugs. This article analyzes and discusses the problems of acupoint injection therapy in five aspects: the effect of acupoint injection on local tissues, the study of mechanism, the best treatment plan and advantages, and the similarities and differences with local injection therapy.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura , Injeções
17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 799-804, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259416

RESUMO

The survey is conducted prior to the development of international standard, Guideline for Clinical Practice of Acupuncture-Moxibustion: Migraine (Guideline) to determine the international demand. The survey includes 5 aspects, i.e. the application status of acupuncture and moxibustion abroad and the demand for the development of international standards, the priority of diseases developed by international standards, the necessity of the transformation of international standards from domestic standards, the key clinical problems to be solved by international standards, and the correlation between professional level and demand intention. The survey results show that the international demand of the Guideline is definite. Regarding the application range of acupuncture-moxibustion and the key clinical questions, the special consideration should be taken to the differences in the demands of the practitioners from different countries during the development of standard.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Moxibustão , Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(7): 819-22, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259419

RESUMO

Through collecting the relevant provisions and medical cases of wei syndrome treated with acupuncture and moxibustion from ancient medical works, the diagnosis and acupoint selection in treatment of generalized myasthenia gravis (gMC) with acupuncture and moxibustion were analyzed systematically from 3 aspects, i.e. meridian differentiation, disease differentiation and syndrome differentiation. In treatment based on meridian differentiation, the acupoints are selected in the light of the running course of meridian and characteristics of meridian disorders. In treatment based on disease differentiation, the acupoints are selected in accordance with etiology, pathogenesis and transmission stages of wei syndrome. Concerning to syndrome differentiation in treatment, the acupoints are selected on the basis of therapeutic principles determined by different syndromes/patterns of wei syndrome. In modern clinical practice, the treatment for gMC should be rooted at ancient literature, thus a standardized regimen can be developed for diagnosis and treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Miastenia Gravis , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Miastenia Gravis/diagnóstico , Miastenia Gravis/terapia
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299139

RESUMO

Acupuncture affects the central nervous system via the regulation of neurotransmitter transmission. We previously showed that Shemen (HT7) acupoint stimulation decreased cocaine-induced dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens. Here, we used the intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) paradigm to evaluate whether HT stimulation regulates the brain reward function of rats. We found that HT stimulation triggered a rightward shift of the frequency-rate curve and elevated the ICSS thresholds. However, HT7 stimulation did not affect the threshold-lowering effects produced by cocaine. These results indicate that HT7 points only effectively regulates the ICSS thresholds of the medial forebrain bundle in drug-naïve rats.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Cocaína/administração & dosagem , Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Feixe Prosencefálico Mediano/fisiologia , Recompensa , Autoestimulação/fisiologia , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Animais , Masculino , Feixe Prosencefálico Mediano/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Autoestimulação/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(6): 514-7, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180168

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare therapeutic effects between nape acupuncture combined with manipulation and simple manipulation in treating cervicogenic headache, and to verify the synergistic effect of manipulation and nape acupuncture. METHODS: Total 60 patients with cervicogenic headache were divided into two groups:nape acupuncture combined with manipulation group (group A) and manipulation group(group B). There were 30 patients in group A, including 12 males and 18 females with an average age of (41.37±12.09) years old, and an average course of disease of (23.73±15.54) months;there were 30 patients in the manipulation group (group B), including 14 males and 16 females with an average age of (42.40±12.05) years old, and an average course of disease of (25.53±14.33) months. In the group A, acupuncture therapy was performed firstly at the bilateral Fengchi (GB20), Wangu (GB12) and Ashi points 2 inches from the left and right sides under C2 and C4 spinous processes, and after retaining the needle for 30 minutes, the manipulation therapy was performed at the above points for 20 minutes. In the group B, manipulation therapy was performed alone. The patients in both groups were treated once a day, every 5 days of treatment interval 2 days, 10 times as a course of treatment, a total of 2 courses of treatment. The average onset time of analgesia and the average maintenance time of analgesia after the first treatment were observed, and the McGill Pain Questionnaire was used to compare the average pain scores between the two groups after the first treatment and two courses of treatment. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the onset time of analgesia between the two groups[(5.97±3.21) min vs(7.30±3.97) min, P>0.05]. The duration of analgesia in the group A was longer than that in the group B[(12.13±6.34) h vs (8.17±4.36) h, P<0.05]. There was no significant difference in pain rating index (PRI), visual analogue scale (VAS) and present pain intensity (PPI) scores between the two groups after the first treatment (all P>0.05);after the two courses, the scores of three items in the group A were lower than those in the group B(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Nape needling can prolong the analgesic time of manipulation and improve the analgesic effect of manipulation.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Cefaleia Pós-Traumática , Pontos de Acupuntura , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agulhas , Resultado do Tratamento
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