Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 40.277
Filtrar
2.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1520, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032564

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: New approaches on paediatric cancer treatment aim to maintain long-term health. As a result of radiotherapy, chemotherapy or surgery, paediatric cancer survivors tend to suffer from any chronic health condition. Endocrine dysfunction represents one of the most common issues and affects bone health. Exercise is key for bone mass accrual during growth, specifically plyometric jump training. The iBoneFIT study will investigate the effect of a 9-month online exercise programme on bone health in paediatric cancer survivors. This study will also examine the effect of the intervention on body composition, physical fitness, physical activity, calcium intake, vitamin D, blood samples quality of life and mental health. METHODS: A minimum of 116 participants aged 6 to 18 years will be randomized into an intervention (n = 58) or control group (n = 58). The intervention group will receive an online exercise programme and diet counselling on calcium and vitamin D. In addition, five behaviour change techniques and a gamification design will be implemented in order to increase the interest of this non-game programme. The control group will only receive diet counselling. Participants will be assessed on 3 occasions: 1) at baseline; 2) after the 9 months of the intervention; 3) 4 months following the intervention. The primary outcome will be determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and the hip structural analysis, trabecular bone score and 3D-DXA softwares. Secondary outcomes will include anthropometry, body composition, physical fitness, physical activity, calcium and vitamin D intake, blood samples, quality of life and mental health. DISCUSSION: Whether a simple, feasible and short in duration exercise programme can improve bone health has not been examined in paediatric cancer survivors. This article describes the design, rationale and methods of a study intended to test the effect of a rigorous online exercise programme on bone health in paediatric cancer survivors. If successful, the iBoneFIT study will contribute to decrease chronic health conditions in this population and will have a positive impact in the society. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Prospectively registered in isrctn.com: isrctn61195625 . Registered 2 April 2020.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Projetos de Pesquisa
3.
Med Hypotheses ; 143: 110197, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017906

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may have a metabolic origin given strong links with risk factors such as lipids and glucose and co-morbidities such as obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike protein mediates viral cellular entry via the ACE2 receptor. The cytoplasmic tail of this spike protein is heavily palmitoylated. Emerging studies suggest that SARS-CoV-2 alters lipid metabolism in the lung epithelial cells by modulating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), possibly contributing to lipotoxicity, inflammation and untoward respiratory effects. Disruption of this process may affect palmitoylation of SARS-CoV spike protein and thus infectivity and viral assembly. COVID-19 is also increasingly being recognized as a vascular disease, with several studies noting prominent systemic endothelial dysfunction. The pathogenesis of endothelial dysfunction may also be linked to COVID-19-mediated metabolic and inflammatory effects. Herein, exercise will be compared to fenofibrate as a possible therapeutic strategy to bolster resilience against (and help manage recovery from) COVID-19. This paper will explore the hypothesis that exercise may be a useful adjuvant in a setting of COVID-19 management/rehabilitation due to its effects on PPARα and vascular endothelial function.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Betacoronavirus , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Exercício Físico , Fenofibrato/química , Humanos , Inflamação , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipoilação , Pulmão/metabolismo , Obesidade/complicações , Pandemias
4.
Rev Prat ; 70(5): 542-547, 2020 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058645

RESUMO

Practice of sports in the general population. According to several surveys, it is estimated that 33 to 46% of French people never do sport or physical exercise, and this proportion tends to increase over the years. Men generally do more sport than women, and the frequency of participation tends to decrease with advancing age. The sport is mainly practiced outdoors, and the practice in commercial health and sport centers remains very minority (on average 5% of the participants). More than half of the people who exercise or play sport practice sport alone, without supervision, in total autonomy; however, this form of practice varies according to the type of sport. The most popular sport activities are walking and running, followed by fitness activities (fitness, resistance exercises, yoga, etc.). Women are particularly attracted to sports such as horse riding, tennis or gymnastics. The regularity of practice depends on the type of sport, and among people who report playing sports, 57% follow at least 2 sessions per week, for most of the year. For the general population, it is mainly the maintenance of health, the need for general wellbeing and relaxation that motivate people who do exercise or play sport, much more than the taste for competition and the need to perform.


Assuntos
Esportes , Animais , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Cavalos , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Caminhada
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3811-3814, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018831

RESUMO

With the massive growth of the aging population worldwide, of utmost importance is reducing falls. Critical to reducing fall risk is one's ability to weight incoming sensory information towards maintaining balance. The purpose of this research was to investigate if simple, targeted sensory training on aging individuals (50 - 80 years old), including twelve healthy and eight individuals with chronic stroke, could improve their balance. Repeated sensory training targeted visual (via eyesopen/closed) and somatosensory inputs (via light touch to the fingertip as well as hard, soft foam, and hard foam support surfaces to the feet) during standing and dynamic base-ofsupport (BOS) exercises. Study participants underwent six weeks of training. Prior to and post training, standing balance was assessed via a simple, clinical measure: the balance error scoring system (BESS). Following several weeks of training, participants showed significant improvements in BESS errors: healthy participants for small BOS with limited somatosensory information (i.e., tandem and single-leg standing on foam) and participants with stroke in all conditions.Clinical Relevance- This research study demonstrated that simple, accessible exercises, can positively impact balance in the aging population, a pressing need.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Equilíbrio Postural , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3936-3939, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018861

RESUMO

Functional status of patients is an important concept in clinical trials. It subsumes functional capacity, which is traditionally estimated by exercise tests, and functional performance, which is often estimated by questionnaires. Objectively measured physical activity by means of wearables devices containing accelerometers (PA) have recently been proposed as a novel and advantageous way to estimate physical status including capacity and performance. There is nonetheless insufficient evidence of the association between PA and traditional ways to estimate functional status. In the ACTIVATE clinical trial, cycle ergometry tests were performed multiple times in all 267 patients, PA was measured for a week prior to each cycle ergometry test, and questionnaires were answered daily during the same week. Pearson's correlation tests and clustering analysis revealed that PA, physical activity experience as assessed by questionnaires, and exercise endurance time as measured by the cycle ergometry test, are largely independent. Therefore, all three approaches together might achieve a complete assessment of the functional status of patients in clinical trials, as they each independently correlate with health-related quality of life and important clinical outcomes such as hospitalizations but are weakly associated among themselves.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Exercício Físico , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Ergometria , Teste de Esforço , Nível de Saúde , Humanos
7.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 273: 142-148, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087604

RESUMO

In this paper, we follow up on research dealing with body tracking and motor rehabilitation. We describe the current situation in telerehabilitation in the home environment. Existing solutions do not allow wide adoption due to hardware requirements and complicated setup. We come with the possibility of telerehabilitation using only laptop or mobile web camera. Together with physiotherapists, we have compiled a set of complex motor exercises to show that the system can be practically used.


Assuntos
Telerreabilitação , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Microcomputadores
8.
Rev. int. androl. (Internet) ; 18(3): 107-116, jul.-sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193602

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La prostatitis crónica es uno de los diagnósticos más comunes en las consultas ambulatorias de Urología. Se presenta como un conjunto heterogéneo de enfermedades, cuya etiología muchas veces resulta desconocida, mostrando como denominador común un conjunto de síntomas dolorosos, irritativos y obstructivos del tracto genitourinario y el periné. OBJETIVOS: Se realizó una revisión sistemática y metaanálisis actualizado de esta dolencia en relación con los perjuicios o beneficios que la actividad física podría tener en la prostatitis crónica o el dolor pélvico crónico. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una búsqueda formal en las bases de datos Scopus, PubMed, ScienceDirect, PEDro, The Cochrane Library, Dialnet y SciELO hasta junio de 2018 (siendo el último artículo empleado en este metaanálisis publicado en marzo de 2018). RESULTADOS: El equipo investigador revisó un total de 93 estudios, de los cuales se seleccionaron 10, con un posterior examen de su calidad metodológica mediante la escala PEDro. Se realizó la comparación del índice de masa corporal, la calidad de vida relacionada con el índice de masa corporal y la correlación de la incontinencia urinaria. El análisis global de las intervenciones dentro de la incontinencia urinaria resultó significativo (tamaño del efecto: 0,11; IC 95% 0,038 a 0,43; p = 0,024). CONCLUSIONES: La variabilidad asociada a diseños experimentales representa una heterogeneidad en los efectos de los distintos programas o intervenciones de actividad física para el tratamiento de la prostatitis crónica. Los tamaños del efecto obtenidos evidencian que la efectividad de los programas de tratamiento alternativos, empleando vehicularmente la actividad física, puede guardar una relación con el tipo de intervención realizada


INTRODUCTION: Chronic prostatitis is one of the most common diagnoses in outpatient clinics in Urology. It is presented as a heterogeneous group of diseases, whose etiology is often unknown, showing as a common denominator a set of painful, irritative and obstructive symptoms of the genitourinary tract and perineum. OBJECTIVES: A systematic review and updated meta-analysis of this pathology was performed in relation to the damages or benefits that physical activity could have in chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain. METHODS: The Scopus, PubMed, ScienceDirect, PEDro, The Cochrane Library, Dialnet and SciELO databases were consulted until June 2018 (the last paper used in this meta-analysis was published in March 2018). RESULTS: The research team reviewed a total of 93 studies, of which 10 were selected, with a subsequent examination of their methodological quality using the PEDro scale. The comparison of the body mass index, the quality of life related to the body mass index and the correlation of the urinary incontinence were made. The overall analysis of the interventions within the urinary incontinence was significant (effect size: 0.11; 95% CI 0.038 to 0.43; P=.024). CONCLUSIONS: The variability associated with experimental designs represents a heterogeneity in the effects of different programs or physical activity interventions for the treatment of chronic prostatitis. The effect sizes obtained suggest that the effectiveness of alternative treatment programs, using vehicular physical activity, may be related to the type of intervention performed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Prostatite/terapia , Terapia por Exercício , Exercício Físico , Doença Crônica , Prostatite/complicações , Dor Pélvica/etiologia , Dor Pélvica/terapia , Prostatite/classificação , Índice de Massa Corporal
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22136, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957335

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the jaw opening exercise (JOE) on the thickness of the suprahyoid muscle and hyoid bone movement compared with the head lift exercise (HLE) in patients with dysphagia after strokeThis study recruited 30 patients with dysphagia after stroke. The JOE group performed a JOE using a resistance bar. The HLE group performed the traditional HLE. The total intervention duration was 6 weeks. We measured the thickness of the digastric and mylohyoid muscles using ultrasound. Two-dimensional motion analysis of the hyoid bone was performed using Image J software. The Borg rating of the perceived exertion scale was used to assess the intensity level of physical activity during the 2 exercises.Both groups showed a significant increase in the thickness of the digastric and mylohyoid muscles (P < .05). Hyoid bone motion was significantly increased in the anterior and superior movement in both groups (P < .05). After the intervention, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups. The Borg rating of perceived exertion scale for the JOE group was significantly lower than that of the HLE group (P < .05).In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the JOE and the HLE had similar effects with respect to increasing suprahyoid muscle thickness and improving hyoid bone movement. However, the JOE required less perceived exertion than the HLE.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Transtornos de Deglutição/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Osso Hioide/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculos do Pescoço/fisiologia , Projetos Piloto , República da Coreia
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22021, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899055

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the elderly is a health problem worldwide. Several clinical trials indicated that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) exercise therapies can effectively improve MCI, such as Tai Ji, Baduan jin exercise, Liuzi jue, and finger exercise. However, there is still controversy over which therapy is the best for elderly MCI patients. In this study, we aimed to systematically evaluate and compare the effectiveness and safety of these 4 TCM exercise therapies in elderly patients with MCI. METHODS: The Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Clinical Trials, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wangfang database, and Chinese Biomedical Medicine will be comprehensively searched to collect all randomized controlled trials which included elderly participants with MCI receiving TCM exercise therapies through July 2020. Two reviewers will independently screen and evaluate each included study and extract the outcome indexes. ADDIS 1.16.8 software will be used for the network meta-analysis and STATA 14 software will be used for drawing network evidence plots and funnel plots. RESULTS: We will use the Bayesian statistical model to conduct a network meta-analysis to rank the effectiveness and safety of these 4 interventions, and use the GRADE approach to interpret the results. CONCLUSION: This network meta-analysis will find out the optimal treatment plan for MCI and provide evidence-based bias for clinical treatments decision-making. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202070006.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metanálise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Tai Ji/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 20(10): 899-903, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886828

RESUMO

AIM: Exercise therapy is a key intervention in the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA). This study aimed to test the 6-month effectiveness of Wu Qin Xi Qigong (WQXQ) exercise versus a conventional physical therapy (control group [CG]) on physical functioning in patients with early knee OA. METHODS: This study was a 6-month follow-up from a randomized controlled trial. Participants with knee OA were randomly allocated to the WQXQ or CG. Data from the Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go Test, 6-Minute Walk Test, 30-Second Chair Stand Test, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, knee extension strength and knee flexion strength were collected before and after the 6-month intervention. RESULTS: Both treatment groups demonstrated large (20%-50%) and clinically relevant reductions in activity limitations, pain and knee instability, which were sustained at 6 months post-treatment. No differences in effectiveness between experimental and control treatment were found on Timed Up and Go Test, 6-Minute Walk Test, knee extension strength and knee flexion strength except for a higher Berg Balance Scale score (P = 0.029) and lower Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index pain score (P = 0.031) in the WQXQ group. CONCLUSIONS: Both WQXQ and conventional physical therapy exercise programs were highly effective in reducing activity limitations and pain, and promoting balance and muscle power. WQXQ was found to be more effective in promoting balance and reducing pain than conventional physical therapy exercise in patients with knee OA. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2020; 20: 899-903.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Qigong/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Dor/reabilitação , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Medição da Dor , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21749, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, and is a major cause of disability and chronic pain in adults. However, there is very limited evidence in the scientific literature to support the effectiveness of extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) in human knee osteoarthritis. This retrospective study aimed to compare the efficacy of ESWT treatment with sham-ESWT on pain, walking speed, physical function, and adverse effects in knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This study will be performed and reported in accordance with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology checklist. We reviewed patients diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis at our academic center from 2016 to 2017. This retrospective cohort study was approved by the institutional review board in Ruijin Hospital. The primary outcome measure was pain on movement measured by a 100-cm visual analog scale. The secondary outcome measures included the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index, range of motion, and adverse effects. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.0 (IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY). A P-value of <.05 was defined as statistical significance. RESULTS: The hypothesis was that ESWT would be an effective treatment for improving pain and physical function in knee osteoarthritis to control symptoms. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5801).


Assuntos
Tratamento por Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 15: 2127-2133, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982205

RESUMO

Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an important, evidence-based treatment that improves outcomes for people with COPD. Individualized exercise programmes aim to improve exercise capacity; self-management education and psychological support are also provided. Translating increased exercise capacity into sustained behavioural change of increased physical activity is difficult. Other unresolved problems with PR programmes include improving uptake, completion, response and sustaining long-term benefit. We offer a different perspective drawn from clinical experience of PR, quantitative and qualitative studies of singing groups for people with COPD, and stroke rehabilitation research that gives psychological factors a more central role in determining outcomes after PR. We discuss Take Charge; a simple but effective psychological intervention promoting self-management--that could be used as part of a PR programme or in situations where PR was declined or unavailable. This may be particularly relevant now when traditional face-to-face group programmes have been disrupted by COVID-19 precautions.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Infecções por Coronavirus , Terapia por Exercício , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Pesquisa de Reabilitação , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/organização & administração , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/psicologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Projetos de Pesquisa , Autogestão/métodos , Autogestão/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 53(10): e10196, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901684

RESUMO

With the aging of the world's population, the quality of life of older adults is becoming more important. There are many studies on the use of Tai chi exercise, a popular form of mind-body exercise practiced by older adults. However, the effectiveness of Tai chi exercise on the quality of life of older adults is unclear. For this systematic review and meta-analysis, six databases (PubMed, CENTRAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, Scopus, CNKI) were searched in English and Chinese languages to screen for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCT), and their risk of bias was assessed by two independent reviewers. The results of quality of life, physical component, and psychological component among older adults were meta-analyzed using RevMan5.3 software. The search retrieved 2577 records. After screening, a total of 10 RCTs were included in this evaluation, with a total of 1170 participants. The meta-analysis showed that compared with the control group, Tai chi exercise had a significant impact on the overall quality of life (SMD=1.23; 95%CI: 0.56-1.98; P<0.0001), and on the physical component of quality of life (MD=5.90; 95%CI: 1.05-10.75; P=0.02), but no significant impact on the psychological component of quality of life. This study had high heterogeneity. The results of this study suggest the potential use of Tai chi exercise as an activity for increased quality of life in older adults. Future research may enhance experimental rigor and explore the rationale behind Tai chi exercise.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Tai Ji , Idoso , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22229, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the outbreak of COVID-19, the number of COVID-19 patients has been on the rise. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment level in various countries, more and more patients have recovered. Baduanjin exercise is a traditional Chinese health care method with a long history, easy-to-learn, and remarkable effect. It is not subject to the constraints of the field and can be practiced at any time. It can be used as an alternative therapy for COVID-19 rehabilitation patients. At present, there are no relevant articles for systematic review. METHODS: We will retrieve a randomized controlled trial of Baduanjin exercise for COVID-19 from the beginning to July 2020. The following databases are areas of concern: Published randomized Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Central), PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and Wan-fang Database-controlled trials in Chinese and English related to Baduanjin exercise and COVID-19 were included. The main result was the effect of Baduanjin exercise on the quality of life in patients recovering from COVID-19. Secondary results to accompany symptoms (such as muscle pain, cough, sputum, runny nose, sore throat, chest tightness, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, fatigue, headache, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea), disappearance rate, 2 consecutive (not on the same day) COVID-19 negative rate of nucleic acid test results, the quality of life improved, improve CT images, the average hospitalization time, severe form of common clinical cure rate and mortality. RESULTS: The results of this study will provide researchers in the field of COVID-19 with a current synthesis of high-quality evidence. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this study will provide evidence for judging whether Baduanjin exercise is an effective intervention for the quality of life of rehabilitative patients. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020199443.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Qualidade de Vida , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/reabilitação , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Metanálise como Assunto , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/reabilitação , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Rehabilitacion (Madr) ; 54(4): 260-268, 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse both the impact of the pandemic and clinical and teaching organisation in Spanish Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Departments during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A survey was conducted of the tutors of rehabilitation departments. The questionnaire contained 31 questions divided into 6 parts about the following: general information on the department, adaptation of rehabilitation departments to the COVID pandemic, clinical work of rehabilitation physicians, the approach to rehabilitation in COVID patients, and the effects of the pandemic on the health and teaching activity of rehabilitation physicians during this period. RESULTS: A total of 54 responses were obtained. Almost half of the departments cancelled face-to-face medical consultations (40%) and 48% of the treatment rooms were turned into COVID beds. In 30 hospitals (55.6%), the physicians worked in COVID units. Most of the rehabilitation departments developed both graphic and audiovisual material with exercises, referral protocols and guidelines for the rehabilitation management and treatment of COVID 19 patients. Half of the departments reported some anxiety symptoms in medical staff. Tutorial work has been cancelled (40.7%) or reduced (35.2%). CONCLUSIONS: The organisation of Spanish rehabilitation departments in response to the COVID pandemic has been very similar throughout the country. The response of these departments to the healthcare crisis has revealed the versatility of rehabilitation physicians.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/reabilitação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/reabilitação , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Recursos Audiovisuais , Conversão de Leitos , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Terapia por Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Centros de Reabilitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Rev Prat ; 70(3): 279-285, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877058

RESUMO

Medical prescription of physical activity. The prescription is "a therapeutic recommendation, possibly prescribed, made by a doctor". Up-to-date recommendations exist, relayed by the authorities which formalized this act of prescription by a law for long-term ailments. The medical prescription of physical activity and sports is directed to carriers of chronic pathologies for which it will have a therapeutic action and an action of prevention of the complications. It will include, at best, besides the precision of the four parameters characterizing this activity (type, intensity, duration and frequency of the sessions), advice of daily struggle against the sedentary lifestyle. It should be personalized, to consider the patient's condition and a possible risk incurred. It remains however to provide the skills to the prescribers, informed but not always trained, and to ensure the possibilities of practical realization of the exercises appearing on the medical prescription.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Exercício Físico , Prescrições , Humanos , Comportamento Sedentário
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22345, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957405

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At the end of 2019, peoples normal lives were disrupted by a sudden plague (COVID-19), the huge impact of COVID-19 on society has never been appeared. How to effectively prevent and treat COVID-19 is a concern for all health care workers. Exercise as a green and cheap complementary therapy, which has been proven to improve the immune capacity of the body and prevent infection. The main purpose of this study is to provide a reliable methodological guidance and credible evidence for exercise on COVID-19 therapeutic. METHODS: This protocol is guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols. We will search the following database sources for the Randomized controlled trials: the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), Chinese Science and the Wanfang Database. All randomized controlled trials of exercise therapy for COVID-19 in the above database will be considered for inclusion, and high-quality articles will be screened for data extraction and analysis, to summarize the therapeutic effect of exercise on COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: In this study, we hope to find strong evidence for the treatment of COVID-19 by exercise. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of our study will provide credible evidence to judge whether exercise is an effective intervention on the COVID-19 patients therapeutic, and guide future researches.PROSPERO registration number: CRD42020200883.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA