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1.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 291: 115145, 2022 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35219821

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shenling Baizhu San (SBS) is commonly employed to improve gastrointestinal dysfunction in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in China. SBS combined with mesalamine has been demonstrated to result in improve its curative effects without increasing any adverse reactions, but the underlying mechanism remains unclarified. AIM OF THE STUDY: Our study aimed to illuminate the potential therapeutic effects and mechanisms of SBS, which is a medicine complementary to mesalamine, in the treatment of UC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of SBS as a complementary medicine to mesalamine for patients with UC (n = 48). The patients in the control group (n = 24) were given mesalamine alone, whereas those in the experimental group were administered mesalamine combined with SBS. The therapeutic outcome was assessed at 8 weeks. The structures of the gut microbiota (GMB) were characterized by 16S rRNA sequencing, and the microbial tryptophan metabolites were analyzed by UPLC-MS/MS to investigate the mechanism through which SBS achieves its effects. RESULTS: Our results showed that the combination of SBS and mesalamine could significantly improve the clinical signs of UC by achieving mucosal healing and relieving colon damage. Interestingly, the combination of SBS and mesalamine could alter the GMB structures and increase the microbial levels of tryptophan metabolites, including indole-3-propionic acid and indole-3-acetic acid. CONCLUSION: SBS combined with mesalamine is effective in improving the clinical and endoscopic outcomes of patients with UC. SBS, as a complementary therapy to conventional treatment, alleviates UC via the GMB-tryptophan metabolite axis.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Terapias Complementares , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Cromatografia Líquida , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Mesalamina/farmacologia , Mesalamina/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Triptofano
2.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e057327, 2022 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410814

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Complementary and alternative therapies (CATs) refer to a diverse range of approaches that can be used as add-on or an alternative to conventional therapies. While a number of individual studies and systematic reviews (SRs) or meta-analyses (MAs) have investigated the effectiveness of specific types of CATs to treat depressive symptoms at specific moments of the perinatal period, an overarching synthesis of the literature is currently lacking. We will conduct an umbrella review of SRs and MAs to assess to which extent CATs are associated with depressive symptoms reduction during pregnancy or after childbirth. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search a broad set of electronic databases (MEDLINE via Ovid, Embase.com, CINAHL via EBSCOhost, PsycINFO via Ovid, AMED and Google Scholar). We will include SRs with or without MAs meeting the following criteria: (1) the review should focus mostly on individual studies reporting a randomised controlled design; (2) diagnosis should be made during pregnancy or during the post partum using a clinical interview according to DSM or ICD criteria; (3) the reviewed intervention should start during pregnancy or in the first postpartum year and meet the criteria for being considered as CAT. The main outcome will be depressive symptoms reduction during pregnancy or after childbirth. Secondary outcomes will include the remission of depression according to DSM criteria and intervention acceptability. Overlap between reviews will be described, quantified and discussed. We will rate the quality of the included SRs or MAs using the AMSTAR-2 tool. MAs will be performed by using the data from the individual RCT studies included in the SRs or MAs. Sensitivity analyses restricted to studies with a low-moderate risk of bias will be realised. Publication bias will be examined visually by using a funnel plot, and formally using the Egger's test and test of excess significance. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: We intend to publish the results of the umbrella review in an international peer-reviewed journal. Oral presentations in congresses and internal diffusion through the Rise up-PPD European COST Action network are also planned. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021229260.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Período Periparto , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Depressão , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Período Pós-Parto
3.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 25(11): 1823-1830, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36412289

RESUMO

Background: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in the treatment of various ailments globally has called for more research. Aim: This study aimed to draw the attention of the stakeholders to the prevalence, pattern and awareness of CAM usage in otorhinolaryngological ailments and the need to safeguard the health of CAM users in Ekiti state, south - west Nigeria. Patients and Methods: This is a cross sectional descriptive study carried out over a 12-month period (January to December, 2019) among consented patients that attended ear, nose, and Throat (ENT) clinics in two tertiary health institutions in Ekiti state. All the participants are aged 18 years and above. A self-administered semi structured questionnaire was used to collect data from our respondents. Results: A total of 148 respondents were analyzed comprising of 56 (37.8%) males and 92 (62.2%) females given a male to female ratio of 1:1.6. Their age ranged from 20-79 years with a mean of 48.03 ± 15.11 SD. The highest response was in the age group 40-49 years representing 30.4% of the respondents. About half (51.4%) of our respondents were aware of the use of CAM for throat-related conditions. Few of the respondents (18.9%) are currently using CAM. About 33.1% of our respondents were satisfied with CAM. Only 4 (2.7%) of them experienced side effects to the use of CAM. For ear-related problems, Anointing/Olive (Olea europaea) oil was most commonly used in 34.5% of our respondents; Effinrin (Ocimum gratissimum), a local herb was commonly used in 29.7% for nose and local gin in 37.2% of our respondents for throat problems. Majority of them 44 (29.7%) got information about the various agents used through Vendors/traditional health practitioner. Conclusion: This study showed that the prevalent of CAM usage in ORL is quite low in our setting, which represent about one-fifth of the respondents. Although respondents claimed that the system was efficacious, awareness to its usage was very low and there was no evidence to prove that the diagnosis were known before using CAM. The use of Orthodox method in treating Otorhinolaryngological ailments is still the best. We therefore recommend empirical studies on CAM in future.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Otopatias , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Prevalência
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(46): e31417, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A review was conducted to determine a pressure algometry measurement during abdominal examination that reflects clinical settings of traditional Korean medicine. METHODS: After reviewing the previous studies, we have proposed a reference index, common posture and method for performing pressure algometry during abdominal examination. Keyword search using eight databases was performed. To identify the characteristics of pressure algometry during abdominal examination, keywords (e.g., abdomen, abdominal examination) were searched in national Korean databases, including Korean studies Information System (KISS), Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), and Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System (OASIS). To examine the methods of measuring pressure pain threshold (PPT) with validity and reliability, combination keywords (e.g., PPT, pressure algometry, pressure pain, validity, reliability) were searched in Pubmed, Cochrane library, Google scholar, Ovid Embase, and China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI). RESULTS: A total of 652 articles were identified, and 22 relevant articles were included. The following main indices are proposed as a standardized pressure algometry method during abdominal examination: unit of measurements, measuring tools, target locations, pressure area, pressure rate, posture of patients, and evaluators. Based on the results of the review combined with clinical practice, useful indices for pressure algometer during abdominal examination were derived (target location: CV 12, unit of measurement: MPa, pressure area: 4 cm2, pressure rate: 0.098 MPa/s, posture of patient: supine position, number, and intervals of measurement: three consecutive measurements at intervals of 30 seconds, 5 minutes rest prior to commencement). Postures and method sequence of pressure algometry during abdominal examination are also proposed. CONCLUSIONS: Using standardized indices, postures and method for abdominal examination in clinical settings will help make objective assessments.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Limiar da Dor , Humanos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pressão , Dor/diagnóstico
5.
Nutrients ; 14(21)2022 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364729

RESUMO

Menopause is a period during which women undergo dramatic hormonal changes. These changes lead to physical and mental discomfort, are greatly afflictive, and critically affect women's lives. However, the current safe and effective management measures for women undergoing menopause are insufficient. Several probiotic functions of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been recognized, including alleviation of lactose intolerance, protection of digestive tract health, activation of the immune system, protection against infections, improvement of nutrient uptake, and improvement of the microbiota. In this review, we highlight the currently available knowledge of the potential protective effects of LAB on preventing or mitigating menopausal symptoms, particularly in terms of maintaining balance in the vaginal microbiota, reducing bone loss, and regulating the nervous system and lipid metabolism. Given the increasing number of women entering menopause and the emphasis on the management of menopausal symptoms, LAB are likely to soon become an indispensable part of clinical/daily care for menopausal women. Herein, we do not intend to provide a comprehensive analysis of each menopausal disorder or to specifically judge the reliability and safety of complementary therapies; rather, we aim to highlight the potential roles of LAB in individualized treatment strategies for the clinical management of menopause.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Lactobacillales , Feminino , Humanos , Terapia de Reposição de Estrogênios , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Menopausa/fisiologia
6.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 292, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Belief in complementary and alternative medicine practices is related to reduced preparedness for vaccination. This study aimed to assess home remedy awareness and use in South Tyrol, where vaccination rates in the coronavirus pandemic were lowest in Italy and differed between German- and Italian-speaking inhabitants. METHODS: A population-based survey was conducted in 2014 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, multiple logistic regression, and latent class analysis. RESULTS: Of the representative sample of 504 survey respondents, 357 (70.8%) participants (43.0% male; primary language German, 76.5%) reported to use home remedies. Most commonly reported home remedies were teas (48.2%), plants (21.0%), and compresses (19.5%). Participants from rural regions were less likely (odds ratio 0.35, 95% confidence interval 0.19-0.67), while female (2.62, 1.69-4.10) and German-speaking participants (5.52, 2.91-9.88) were more likely to use home remedies. Latent classes of home remedies were "alcoholic home remedies" (21.4%) and "non-alcohol-containing home remedies" (78.6%). Compared to the "non-alcohol-containing home remedies" class, members of the "alcoholic home remedies" class were more likely to live in an urban region, to be male and German speakers. CONCLUSION: In addition to residence and sex, language group membership associates with awareness and use of home remedies. Home remedies likely contribute to socio-cultural differences between the language groups in the Italian Alps. If the observed associations explain the lower vaccination rates in South Tyrol among German speakers requires further study.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Medicina Tradicional , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telefone
7.
Vet Q ; 42(1): 192-198, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36316960

RESUMO

Background: There is an increased interest in Non-Conventional Therapies (NCTs), often referred to as complementary and alternative medicines, in veterinary clinical practice.Aim: To map the bibliometric outputs of NCTs in veterinary medicine, and identify which are most prevalent, and the extent to which their publishing has increased.Methods: Text mining algorithms were applied to detect 17 NCTs-related terms (acupuncture, ayurveda/ayurvedic, traditional Chinese medicine, traditional medicine, chiropractic, electroacupuncture, essential oil, plant extract, ethnopharmacology, herbal medicine, homeopathy, low-level laser therapy, medicinal plant, natural product, osteopathy, phytotherapy, and massage) in the title, abstract or keywords of all retrievable literature until 2020 under the PubMed MeSH term 'veterinary' (N = 377 556). Point prevalence, incidence by decade and cumulative incidence were calculated.Results: Bibliometric trend analysis revealed an overall increase in NCTs-related terms over the last 20 years, with a substantial growth of studies mentioning plant extracts, essential oils and medicinal plants. Traditional Chinese medicine, herbal medicine and natural product have also increased in the same period, although their numbers remain low. Conversely, reference to acupuncture has decreased in the last decade when compared with the previous decade, whereas references to homeopathy, electroacupuncture, osteopathy and chiropractic remained scarce, suggesting that their use in veterinary clinical practice may not be based on published evidence.Conclusion: Further reviews to explore this issue are warranted, differentiating secondary from primary literature, and assessing relevance and methodological quality of individual studies, following the principles of evidence-based veterinary medicine.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Terapias Complementares , Homeopatia , Animais , Terapias Complementares/veterinária , Fitoterapia/veterinária , Homeopatia/veterinária , Bibliometria
8.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 49: 101673, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: and purpose: Pregnant and breastfeeding women commonly use complementary medicine products (CMPs), including dietary supplements and herbal medicines. This study investigated women's reasons for use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national, cross-sectional, online survey conducted between July-September 2019 investigated reasons for CMP use during pregnancy and lactation. Australian women who were currently pregnant and/or breastfeeding participated. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, Chi-square and principal component analyses. RESULTS: Of the 810 women surveyed (n = 354 pregnant; n = 456 breastfeeding), most reported prior CMP use and felt that CMPs had been beneficial to maintaining and optimising their own and their children's health. However, when ill, they preferred medicines prescribed by doctors or pharmacists. Perceived benefits to their unborn or breastfeeding babies' health and their own health (both cohorts), the health of their pregnancy (pregnant participants), and benefits to the breastfeeding process and breastmilk supply (breastfeeding participants) were important reasons for women's CMP use. CONCLUSION: Women's reasons for CMP use centred on perceived benefits to their own health and the health of their babies. Women's prior positive experiences with CMP use, combined with preferences for pharmaceutical use when ill, indicates their use of CMPs can be considered complementary, rather than alternative, to biomedical health care.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Terapias Complementares , Gravidez , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Austrália , Lactação , Citidina Monofosfato
9.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-49194

RESUMO

O mapa apresenta uma visão geral das evidências sobre os efeitos das Práticas Complementares e Integrativas de Saúde (PICS) para Dor. A partir da caracterização de centenas de estudos na série de mapas de evidências das Medicinas Tradicionais, Complementares e Integrativas (MTCI/PICS), foram selecionados e incluídos neste mapa de evidências 142 estudos de revisão (61 revisões sistemáticas com metanálises, 13 revisões sistemáticas de estudos controlados randomizados, 54 revisões sistemáticas e 14 metanálises). Com base na ferramenta AMSTAR2, foi avaliado o nível de confiança para a evidência reportada nestes estudos, resultando em 14 revisões de nível alto, 8 revisões de nível moderado, 62 revisões de nível baixo e 58 revisões de nível criticamente baixo. Principais Achados: • As revisões avaliaram o efeito de 44 intervenções distribuídas em 4 grupos: Homeopatia; Aromaterapia, Fitoterapia e Plantas Medicinais; Terapias Mente-Corpo e Terapias Não Farmacológicas. • As intervenções foram associadas a 47 desfechos de saúde relacionados à dor crônica distribuídos em 3 grupos: Bem-Estar, Vitalidade e Qualidade de Vida, Manejo da Dor e Sintomas e Condições associadas à Dor.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Terapias Complementares
10.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-49195

RESUMO

O mapa apresenta uma visão geral das evidências sobre os efeitos clínicos das terapias complementares e integrativas para o câncer do útero e do colo do útero. A partir da caracterização de centenas de estudos na série de mapas de evidências das Medicinas Tradicionais, Complementares e Integrativas (MTCI/PICS), foram selecionados e incluídos neste mapa de evidências 26 estudos de revisão, dos quais 18 revisões sistemáticas, 7 revisões sistemáticas e metanálises, e 1 metanálise. Com base na ferramenta AMSTAR2, foi avaliado o nível de confiança para a evidência reportada nestes estudos, resultando em 7 revisões de nível alto, 16 revisões de nível baixo e 28 revisões de nível criticamente baixo. Principais Achados: ● As revisões avaliaram o efeito de 28 tipos de intervenções distribuídos em 3 grupos: Fitoterapia e Plantas Medicinais; Terapias não-Farmacológicas; Suplementos / Produtos Naturais. ● As intervenções foram associadas a 33 desfechos de saúde distribuídos em 5 grupos: Curso da doença; Sintomas relacionados ao Câncer; Indicadores Metabólicos e Fisiológicos; Bem-Estar, Vitalidade e Qualidade de Vida; Saúde Mental.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Neoplasias Uterinas , Terapias Complementares
12.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 22(1): 263, 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36221070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complementary medicine (CM) is frequently used by patients, but little is known about the usage of CM in surgical patients. The study aimed to elucidate the relevance of CM in surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional, multi-center survey utilized a paper-based questionnaire consisting of 21 questions to capture CM usage and interest as well as CM communication in visceral and thoracic surgical patients being hospitalized at the corresponding departments of surgery at the University Medical Centers in Freiburg, Heidelberg und Ulm, Germany. RESULTS: Overall, 151 patients consented to the survey. On average, current CM usage was stated by 44% of patients. Most frequently used CM approaches were physical exercise (63%), nutritional supplements (59%) and herbal medicine (56%). Strong interest in CM counselling was stated by 51% of patients. Almost 80% of patients wanted to be treated in a holistic manner and desired for reliable information about CM as well as CM informed physicians. Only 12% of patients communicated CM usage and interest with their attending physician. Review of literature revealed similar results showing an overall CM usage of 43%, preferring nutritional supplements and herbal medicine. CONCLUSION: The results of our cross-sectional study indicate a high percentage of CM users and a strong interest in CM among surgical patients. Indeed, the current communication about CM between patients and surgeons is poor. With respect to safety and quality reasons, but also to pay attention to patients' demands, physicians should be aware of patients' CM usage in surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trial register (DRKS00015445).


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Alemanha , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 892-900, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399500

RESUMO

As Práticas Integrativas e Complementares (PICs) apresentam-se como métodos coadjuvantes, auxiliando na obtenção de sucesso em determinados tratamentos clínicos e/ou cirúrgicos, atuando na prevenção, auxiliando na cura e no equilíbrio psicossomático com a finalidade de reestabelecer concordância entre mente e corpo. O Conselho Federal de Odontologia (CFO) regulamentou práticas como acupuntura, hipnose, terapia floral e fitoterapia, entretanto, suas aplicabilidades dependem da emissão de uma habilitação e seu devido registro no Conselho (Resolução CFO 82/2008). Para a Odontologia, as PICs proporcionam novas ferramentas para exercer um atendimento integral do ser humano. Neste trabalho, propõe-se fazer uma revisão de literatura sobre as PICs e Odontologia. Esta revisão de literatura foi realizada por meio de busca de artigos na base de dados Scielo, PubMed e Scholar Google no período de 2000 a 2021. Foram encontrados artigos sobre as seguintes PICs atuando conjuntamente com a Odontologia: terapias florais, acupuntura, hipnodontia, ozonioterapia, laserterapia, fitoterapia, homeopatia e odontologia antroposófica. Essas práticas apresentam grande valia, pois promovem o bem-estar sem causar dano ao indivíduo, apresentando poucos ou nenhum efeito colateral possibilitando maior segurança aos pacientes, além de favorecer a relação entre paciente e cirurgião-dentista, otimizando o tempo de trabalho no consultório odontológico e reduzindo custos.


Integrative and Complementary Practices (PICs) are presented as supporting methods, helping to achieve success in certain clinical and/or surgical treatments, acting in prevention, assisting in healing and psychosomatic balance in order to reestablish agreement between mind and body. . The Federal Council of Dentistry (CFO) has regulated practices such as acupuncture, hypnosis, floral therapy and herbal medicine, however, their applicability depends on the issuance of a license and its proper registration with the Council (Resolution CFO 82/2008). For Dentistry, PICs provide new tools to provide comprehensive care to human beings. In this work, we propose to review the literature on PICs and Dentistry. This literature review was carried out by searching articles in the Scielo, PubMed and Scholar Google databases from 2000 to 2021. Articles were found on the following PICs working together with Dentistry: floral therapies, acupuncture, hypnodontics, ozone therapy , laser therapy, phytotherapy, homeopathy and anthroposophic dentistry. These practices are of great value, as they promote well-being without causing harm to the individual, presenting few or no side effects, allowing greater safety for patients, in addition to favoring the relationship between patient and dentist, optimizing working time in the dental office and reducing costs.


Las Prácticas Integrativas y Complementarias (PIC) se presentan como métodos coadyuvantes, ayudando a obtener el éxito en determinados tratamientos clínicos y/o quirúrgicos, actuando en la prevención, ayudando en la cura y en el equilibrio psicosomático con el fin de restablecer la concordancia entre mente y cuerpo. El Consejo Federal de Odontología (CFO) ha regulado prácticas como la acupuntura, la hipnosis, la terapia floral y la fitoterapia, sin embargo, su aplicabilidad depende de la emisión de un título y su correcto registro en el Consejo (Resolución CFO 82/2008). Para la odontología, los PIC aportan nuevas herramientas para la atención integral del ser humano. En este trabajo, nos proponemos hacer una revisión bibliográfica sobre los PIC y la Odontología. Esta revisión bibliográfica se realizó mediante la búsqueda de artículos en las bases de datos Scielo, PubMed y Scholar Google desde el año 2000 hasta el 2021. Se encontraron artículos sobre los siguientes CFP que actúan conjuntamente con la Odontología: terapias florales, acupuntura, hipnodoncia, ozonoterapia, terapia láser, fitoterapia, homeopatía y odontología antroposófica. Estas prácticas tienen un gran valor porque promueven el bienestar sin causar daño al individuo, presentando pocos o ningún efecto secundario, proporcionando mayor seguridad a los pacientes, y favoreciendo la relación entre el paciente y el dentista, optimizando el tiempo de trabajo en el consultorio y reduciendo los costos.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Odontologia/métodos , Odontólogos/educação , Medicina Antroposófica/história , Ansiedade/terapia , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Terapia por Acupuntura/instrumentação , Cura em Homeopatia , Terapia a Laser/instrumentação , Ozonioterapia , Terapia Floral , Hipnose/instrumentação , Fitoterapia/instrumentação
14.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 782-793, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399466

RESUMO

O Transtorno de Déficit de atenção e Hiperatividade (TDAH) é um transtorno de origem hereditária que acomete entre 3 a 5% das crianças em todo o mundo, causando nelas problemas de aprendizagem e socialização, o transtorno também pode continuar se manifestando na idade adulta, causando além dos sintomas já citados problemas nos relacionamentos. A Musicoterapia é uma das terapias integrativas e complementares reconhecidas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) brasileiro para ser aplicada na atenção básica, assim esse trabalho teve como objetivo estudar o tema do TDAH e como a Musicoterapia pode ser empregada nessa síndrome. Não foram muitos os trabalhos encontrados na literatura descrevendo práticas da Musicoterapia em pacientes com TDAH, porém os estudos publicados têm mostrado que ela possui resultados positivos na melhoria de vida e bem-estar desses pacientes, principalmente com o emprego de técnicas da Musicoterapia ativa.


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder of hereditary origin that affects between 3 and 5% of children worldwide, causing them learning and socialization problems, the disorder can also continue to manifest in adulthood, causing in addition to the symptoms already mentioned problems in relationships. Music Therapy is one of the integrative and complementary therapies recognized by the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS) to be applied in primary care, in order to understand this issue this work aimed to study the theme of ADHD and how Music Therapy can be used in this syndrome. Few studies could been found in the literature describing Music Therapy practices in ADHD patients however, published studies have shown that it has positive results in improving the lives and well-being of these patients, mainly with the use of active Music Therapy techniques.


El Trastorno por Déficit de Atención e Hiperactividad (TDAH) es un trastorno de origen hereditario que afecta a entre el 3 y el 5% de los niños de todo el mundo, provocando en ellos problemas de aprendizaje y socialización, el trastorno también puede seguir manifestándose en la edad adulta, provocando además de los síntomas ya mencionados problemas en las relaciones. La musicoterapia es una de las terapias integradoras y complementarias reconocidas por el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) brasileño para ser aplicada en la atención básica, por lo que este trabajo tuvo como objetivo estudiar el tema del TDAH y cómo la musicoterapia puede ser utilizada en este síndrome. No se han encontrado muchos trabajos en la literatura que describan las prácticas de Musicoterapia en pacientes con TDAH, sin embargo, los estudios publicados han demostrado que tiene resultados positivos en la mejora de la vida y el bienestar de estos pacientes, principalmente con el uso de técnicas de Musicoterapia activa.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/terapia , Terapias Complementares/educação , Musicoterapia/educação , Socialização , Síndrome , Aprendizagem , Música
15.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(3): 29054, out. 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1399497

RESUMO

Introdução:É indispensável entender a saúde mental por meio das relações históricas e socioculturais que o indivíduo mantém com o outro, com a comunidade e com o meio em que trabalha. Percebe-se que os aspectos referentes às conceituações de saúde não estão em consonância com a realidade dos profissionais de saúde no Brasil. Como forma de promover o autocuidado, as Práticas Integrativas e Complementares apresentam-se como uma estratégia de promoção da saúde mental dos trabalhadores da saúde. Objetivo:Descrever as experiências de realização de ações de promoção da saúde mental dos trabalhadores da saúde em um hospital geral do interior do Rio Grande do Norte. Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo do tipo relato de experiência, desenvolvido a partir da realização de açõesde promoção à saúde mental dos trabalhadores no contexto do "Setembro Amarelo" e "Janeiro Branco", desenvolvidas pela equipe de Residência Multiprofissional em Saúde Materno-Infantil da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Resultados e Discussão:Os profissionais foram instigados a refletir sobre a temática e relacionar com as suas vivências, discutindo estratégias de autocuidado no ambiente de trabalho. Observou-se a predominância dos profissionais de enfermagem em relação às demais categorias profissionais. Estes relataram que os momentos foram prazerosos e o sentiram como uma oportunidade de relaxamento no ambiente de trabalho, desejando que estes pudessem ocorrer com mais frequência. Conclusões:As ações desenvolvidas e descritas se mostraram como estratégias importantes para a discussão e sensibilização sobre a temática, bem como a relevância de estratégias de promoção à saúde mental nos espaços ocupacionais do Sistema Único de Saúde (AU).


Introduction:It is essential to understand mental health through the historical and sociocultural relationships that the person maintains with each other, with the community and with the place on which he works. It is noticed that the aspects referring to health concepts are not into the reality of health professionals in Brazil. As a way of promoting self-care, the integrative and complementary practices are presented as a strategy to promote the mental health of health workers. Objective:To report the experiences ofaccomplishment of actions to promote the mental health of health workers in a general hospital in the countryside of Rio Grande do Norte. Methodology:This is an experience report study, developed from the implementation of actions to promote the mental health of workers in the context of "Yellow September" and "White January", performed by the Maternal Childlike Multiprofessional Residency team of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Results and Discussion:The professionals were encouraged to reflect on the theme and relate it with their experiences, discussing self-care strategies in the work environment. There was a prevalence of nursing professionals in relation to other professional categories. They reported that the moments were pleasant and felt it as an opportunity for relaxation in the work environment, wishing that these could happen more often.Conclusions:The actions developed and described proved to be important strategies for the discussion and awareness of the subject, as well as the relevance of strategies to promote mental health in the occupational spaces of the Unified Health System (AU).


Introducción: Es fundamental comprender la saludmental a través de las relaciones históricas y socioculturales que el individuo mantiene con el otro, con la comunidad y con el medio en el que se desenvuelve. Se nota que los aspectos referentes a los conceptos de salud no están en consonancia con la realidad de los profesionales de la salud en Brasil. Como una forma de promover el autocuidado, las Prácticas Integrativas y Complementarias se presentan como una estrategia para promover la salud mental de los trabajadores del área. Objetivo: Describir las experiencias de realización de acciones de promoción de la salud mental de los trabajadores de la salud en un hospital general en el interior del Rio Grande do Norte. Metodología: Se trata de un estudio de relato de experiencia, desarrollado a partir de la implementación de acciones de promoción de la salud mental de los trabajadores en el contexto de "Septiembre Amarillo" y "Enero Blanco", diseñado por el equipo de Residencia Multiprofesional en Salud Materno-Infantil de la Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte. Resultados y Discusiones: Los profesionales fueron estimulados a reflexionar sobre el tema y relacionarlo con sus experiencias, discutiendo estrategias de autocuidado en el ambiente de trabajo. Hubo predominio de los profesionales de enfermeríaen relación a las demás categorías profesionales. Ellos dijeron que los momentos fueron agradables y lo sintieron como una oportunidad de relajación en el ambiente de trabajo, deseando que estos pudieran ocurrir con mayor frecuencia. Conclusiones: Las acciones desarrolladas y descritas demostraron ser estrategias importantes para la discusión y sensibilización sobre el tema, así como la pertinencia de las estrategias de promoción de la salud mental en los espacios ocupacionales del Sistema Único de Salud (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Autocuidado , Terapias Complementares/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Saúde do Trabalhador , Assistência à Saúde Mental , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Pessoal de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde
16.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 226-232, set-dez. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399006

RESUMO

A aromaterapia, de acordo com referenciais como Machado e Fernandes Junior (2011), vem ganhando espaço significativo na área da saúde, possuindo diversas propriedades benéficas aos seres humanos quando utilizada de forma correta e adequada, sendo a sálvia um dos compostos naturais empregados por ela. A sálvia, além das propriedades para a saúde física, apresenta benefícios para aspectos de âmbito emocional, incluindo-se a ansiedade, origem de transtornos muito presentes na vida das pessoas. O objetivo do presente estudo consiste em realizar um levantamento bibliográfico sobre a utilização da sálvia na aromaterapia, sobre seus benefícios tanto para a saúde física, quanto para a saúde mental dos indivíduos, principalmente contra a ansiedade. Conclui-se neste trabalho que a sálvia quando utilizada na aromaterapia possui um papel importante contra a ansiedade, além de outros vieses físicos, auxiliando o paciente em uma visão holística, de modo integral, podendo contribuir também para o progresso dos sistemas de saúde.


Aromatherapy, according to references such as Machado and Fernandes Junior (2011), has been gaining significant space in the health area, having several beneficial properties to human beings when used correctly and appropriately, with salvia being one of the natural compounds used by it. Salvia, in addition to its properties for physical health, has benefits for aspects of an emotional scope, including anxiety, the origin of disorders very present in people's lives. The objective of the present study is to carry out a bibliographic survey on the use of sage in aromatherapy, on its benefits for both physical and mental health of individuals, especially against anxiety. It is concluded in this work that sage when used in aromatherapy has an important role against anxiety, in addition to other physical biases, helping the patient in a holistic view, in an integral way, and may also contribute to the progress of health systems.


Según referencias como la de Machado y Fernandes Junior (2011), la aromaterapia ha ido ganando un espacio importante en el área de la salud, con varias propiedades beneficiosas para el ser humano cuando se utiliza de forma correcta y adecuada, y la salvia es uno de los compuestos naturales utilizados por ella. La salvia, además de sus propiedades para la salud física, tiene beneficios para los aspectos emocionales, incluyendo la ansiedad, origen de trastornos muy presentes en la vida de las personas. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar un estudio bibliográfico sobre el uso de la salvia en aromaterapia, sobre sus beneficios para la salud física y mental de las personas, especialmente contra la ansiedad. Se concluye en este trabajo que la salvia cuando se usa en aromaterapia tiene un papel importante contra la ansiedad, además de otras predisposiciones físicas, ayudando al paciente en una visión holística, integral, y también puede contribuir al progreso de los sistemas de salud.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Aromaterapia , Salvia , Qualidade de Vida , Terapias Complementares , Saúde Mental , Bibliotecas Digitais , Saúde Holística
17.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 40(10): 675-681, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36251885

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the evidence available and knowledge gaps in photobiomodulation (PBM) for oral facial pain. Background data: Effective identification of a noninvasive resource for oral facial pain such as PBM may mitigate the risks of invasive therapeutic resources. Methods: Nine electronic databases were searched for systematic reviews reporting oral facial pain outcome for PBM. The 3iE (International Initiative for Impact Evaluation) evidence gap map methodology with the tableau was used to graphically display the parameters analyzed in the research. Results: Several wavelengths within the range of infrared were used in 37.6% of the studies, accompanied by the 32.4% in the red range. The quality of the effect was positive in 61.4% of the studies, whereas the impact degree was low, according to the measurement tool used to assess systematic reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2), in 60.2%. Conclusions: Despite the positive potential of PBM in the treatment and control of pain in diseases of the oral cavity, complete information on dosimetry in published studies with PBM is still lacking, making it difficult to reproduce the results found.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Humanos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Boca , Dor Facial
18.
Holist Nurs Pract ; 36(6): E64-E71, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36255345

RESUMO

The objective of this article was to map the use of Bach flower remedies in adult health care. The studies reported that the following flower essences were used: Impatiens, Cherry Plum, White Chestnut, and Beech. When applied in 4 diluted drops, they helped reducing anxiety, depression, fear, and pain.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Essências Florais , Adulto , Humanos , Ansiedade/terapia , Atenção à Saúde , Dor
19.
Intern Med J ; 52(10): 1677-1684, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36266062

RESUMO

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) encompasses a wide range of medication, herbal, dietary and physical therapies that are not usually considered within the realm of conventional therapeutics. Approximately two thirds of the Australian population use CAMs and only around half of this number will discuss their use of these products with their doctor. Clinical use is commonly seen in patients with life-limiting illness, often because they experience a high burden of symptoms. However, it is also the case that many of these therapies do not have demonstrated efficacy, particularly for the often broad list of conditions and symptoms for which they are chosen to be used. Further, depending on whether they are sold as medications, sold as food supplements or imported illegally and distributed via nonstandard therapeutic channels, several products have had reports of toxicity, severe adverse effects, batch irregularities and drug interactions with other therapies. This awareness, together with lack of standardisation of products and lack of interchangeability between brands has made prescribers unwilling to put patients at risk of harm by supporting their use. In this article, we cover general pharmacological principles around use of a small selection of chemicals used in a medical setting to enable some guidance for use.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Humanos , Austrália/epidemiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Cuidados Paliativos
20.
Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract ; 38(3): 455-461, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244932

RESUMO

This article serves as an introduction into integrative case management as it applies to the horse's mental health, pain management, and tissue healing. The integrative philosophy pertains to the combination of conventional Western medicine and complementary and alternative therapies to provide the best patient care possible using currently available evidence. The goal is to improve the health of the patient in a more holistic manner.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Doenças dos Cavalos , Medicina Integrativa , Animais , Cavalos , Administração de Caso , Doenças dos Cavalos/terapia , Terapias Complementares/veterinária , Filosofia
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