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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1191: 415-449, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002940

RESUMO

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) encompasses a wide range of different nonmainstream therapies that have been increasingly used for treatment or adjunctive treatment of various ailments with anxiety/anxiety disorders being one of the commonly CAM (self)-medicated conditions. Thousands of published papers refer to use of CAM in various psychiatric disorders or in healthy or medically ill patients with mood or anxiety difficulties. In this chapter we focus specifically on clinically diagnosed (in line with the standard criteria) anxiety disorders and overview evidence of efficacy/safety of a range of CAM modalities: biologically based therapies (typically herbal preparations and less so nutraceuticals); manipulative and body-based therapies (acupuncture, aerobic exercise, massage, therapeutic touch, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, balneotherapy, and others); mind-body therapies (yoga, Morita therapy, Tai Chi, reiki, Chinese cognitive therapy, religious and spiritual interventions, relaxation, mediation, and mindfulness-based interventions); and alternative medical systems (Ayurveda, homeopathy). We focus exclusively on randomized controlled trials and attempt to evaluate the existing body of evidence in the same manner that is applied to mainstream treatments.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Terapias Complementares , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Terapia por Acupuntura , Exercício , Humanos , Massagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Tai Ji , Ioga
2.
Altern Ther Health Med ; 26(S1): 4-5, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32035003

RESUMO

No Abstract Available.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Linguagem , Humanos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18467, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Curcumin, a controversial "panacea," has been broadly studied. Its bioactivities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and especially antineoplastic activities have been documented. However, due to its extensive bioactivities, some scientists hold a skeptical point of view toward curcumin and described curcumin as a "deceiver" to chemists. The objective of this study was to explore curcumin's another possibility as a potential supplementary leading compound to cancer treatments. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using electronic databases. Search terms such as "curcumin," "curcumin analogues," and so on were used. The literatures were collected and summarized. In this article, reported targets of curcumin are reviewed. The limitations of a curcumin as a therapeutic anticancer product including low bioavailability and poor targeting are mentioned. Furthermore, modified curcumin analogues and antitumor mechanisms are listed and discussed in the aspects of cell death and tumor microenvironment including angiogenesis, tissue hypoxia status, and energy metabolism. RESULTS: Several possible modification strategies were presented by analyzing the relationships between the antitumor activity of curcumin analogues and their structural characteristics, including the introduction of hydrophilic group, shortening of redundant hydrocarbon chain, the introduction of extra chemical group, and so on. CONCLUSIONS: From our perspective, after structural modification curcumin could be more effective complementary product for cancer therapies by the enhancement of targeting abilities and the improvement of bioavailability.


Assuntos
Corantes/metabolismo , Corantes/farmacologia , Curcumina/metabolismo , Curcumina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos , Disponibilidade Biológica , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Terapias Complementares , Curcumina/química , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 161-167, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1048347

RESUMO

Objetivo: o estudo descreve a vivência de mulheres submetidas ao uso de essências florais como terapia não farmacológica para o alívio da dor e ansiedade durante o trabalho de parto. Método: pesquisa descritiva exploratória, de conteúdo qualitativo, realizada com 30 parturientes, em um centro de parto normal público, intra-hospitalar da cidade de São Paulo. Resultados: constatou-se que os efeitos da terapia floral, atuaram em sinergia, na redução dos sintomas de estresse-medo-tensão, além do aumento do bem-estar emocional proporcionando às parturientes a oportunidade de protagonizar o seu próprio trabalho de parto e parto. Conclusão: conclui-se que o uso da essência floral, no trabalho de parto, proporcionou calma, relaxamento, concentração e coragem às mulheres, emoções estas que possibilitaram melhor controle da dor e da ansiedade


Objective: the study describes the experience of women submitted to the use of flower essences as non-pharmacological therapy for the relief of pain and anxiety during labor. Method: a qualitative and descriptive exploratory research with 30 parturients was performed in a regular public birth center in the city of Sao Paulo. Results: it was verified that the effects of the floral therapy acted in synergy on the reduction of the symptoms of stress, fear and tension, besides the increase of the emotional well-being, giving the parturients the opportunity to perform their own labor and delivery. Conclusion: it was concluded that the use of floral essence during labor provided calm, relaxation, concentration and courage to the women, emotions that enabled better control of pain and anxiety


Objetivo: el estudio describe la vivencia de mujeres sometidas al uso de esencias florales como terapia no farmacológica para el alivio del dolor y la ansiedad durante el trabajo de parto. Método: investigación descriptiva exploratoria, de contenido cualitativo, realizada con 30 parturientes, en un centro de parto normal público, intrahospitalario de la ciudad de San Pablo. Resultados: se constató que los efectos de la terapia floral, actuaron en sinergia, en la reducción de los síntomas de estrés-medo-tensión, además del aumento del bienestar emocional proporcionando a las parturientas la oportunidad de protagonizar su el propio trabajo de parto y parto. Conclusión: se concluye que el uso de la esencia floral, en el trabajo de parto, proporcionó calma, relajación, concentración y coraje a las mujeres, emociones que posibilitar un mejor control del dolor y la ansiedad


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Terapias Complementares , Essências Florais , Dor do Parto , Ansiedade , Brasil , Enfermagem Obstétrica
5.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 341, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) is commonly used by cancer patients in Northern Norway, in particular spiritual forms like traditional healing. T&CM is mainly used complementary to conventional cancer treatment and is rarely discussed with conventional health care providers, increasing the risk of negative interaction with conventional cancer care. The aim of this study was to investigate the use of T&CM among cancer patients in Tromsø, and to investigate the differences in T&CM use between people living with cancer, people with cancer previously, and people without a history of cancer. METHOD: Data was drawn from the seventh survey of the Tromsø study conducted in 2015-2016. All inhabitants of Tromsø aged 40 and above were invited to participate (n = 32,591) of whom n = 21,083 accepted the invitation (response rate 65%). Data was collected thorough three self-administered questionnaires and a comprehensive clinical examination. Pearson chi-square tests, Fisher exact tests and one-way ANOVA tests were used to describe differences between the groups while binary logistic regressions were used for adjusted values. RESULTS: Eight percent of the participants (n = 1636) reported to have (n = 404) or have had (n = 1232) cancer. Of the participants with cancer at present 33.4% reported use of T&CM within the last year, 13.6% had consulted a T&CM provider, 17.9% had used herbal medicine/natural remedies and 6.4% had practiced self-help techniques. The participants with cancer at present were more likely to have visited a T&CM provider than participants with cancer previously (13.6% vs. 8.7%, p = 0.020). Among the participants with cancer at present, 6.4% reported to have consulted a TM provider, 5.8% had consulted an acupuncturist, while 4.7% had consulted other CM providers. Women were significantly more likely than men to have used acupuncture and self-help techniques. No significant gender differences were found regarding visits to other CM providers, TM providers nor use of herbal medicine/natural remedies. CONCLUSION: The findings are in line with previous research suggesting that both men and women use TM complementary to other CM modalities outside the official health care system. As herbal medicine might interact with conventional cancer treatment, health care providers need to discuss such use with their patients.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20191200. 16 p. tab.
Monografia em Espanhol | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1049904

RESUMO

El documento contiene las orientaciones para el uso del cannabis y sus derivados en las condiciones clínicas: Manejo del dolor, náuseas y vómitos, espasticidad y epilepsia refractaria, asimismo brinda información sobre los efectos adversos del uso medicinal.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Cannabis , Maconha Medicinal , Uso da Maconha
7.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 374, 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of Complementary Medicines (CMs) has significantly increased in Australia over the last decade. This study attempts to determine the extent to which complementary and alternative medicines are recorded, ceased or initiated in the acute hospital setting and investigate which health professionals have a role in this process. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of inpatients was conducted at a major tertiary teaching hospital. Patient's medical records were examined to determine the rates of complementary medicine (CM) use and recording on medication charts and discharge prescriptions. Patient progress notes were audited to determine which health professionals were involved with the initiation or cessation of CMs during the inpatient stay. RESULTS: Three hundred and forty-one patients were included for analysis of which 44.3% (n = 151) participants were recorded as utilizing a CM. Patients were admitted on a mean of 2 (±1.4[Sd]; 0-9[range]) CMs and discharged on a mean of 1.7 CMs (±1.3[Sd]; 0-5[range]). 274 individual CMs were recorded on inpatient medication reconciliation forms with multivitamins, magnesium, fish oil and cholecalciferol recorded the most frequently. One hundred and fifty-eight changes to patient CM usage were recorded during the patient hospitalisation. One hundred and seven of these changes (68%) were not accounted for in the patient progress notes. CONCLUSION: Patients use of CM in this hospital setting do not reflect the national estimated usage. On the occasions that CM products are included in patient records, they are subsequently deprescribed following patient examination in hospital. It is currently unclear which health professionals have a role in this deprescribing process.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
8.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03461, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020383

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Investigar os ensaios clínicos randomizados sobre a ação da acupuntura auricular para a dor crônica nas costas em adultos, identificar os desfechos mais utilizados para avaliar essa condição, o protocolo utilizado para aplicar a intervenção e identificar nos estudos qual o efeito da terapia sobre a intensidade da dor. Método Revisão sistemática e metanálise, conduzidas entre junho de 2017 e maio de 2018, nas bases de dados PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro, Embase, Scopus e na Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Listas de referências de revisões sistemáticas também foram exploradas. Resultados Foram localizados 427 estudos, 15 incluídos na análise qualitativa, e sete na análise quantitativa. A acupuntura auricular obteve resultados positivos em 80% dos estudos. Os desfechos mais utilizados foram a intensidade e a qualidade da dor, consumo de medicação, incapacidade física e qualidade de vida. Não há padronização no protocolo de acupuntura auricular para dor crônica nas costas. Os resultados da metanálise apontaram que a acupuntura auricular foi eficaz em reduzir os escores de intensidade da dor (p=0,038). Conclusão A acupuntura auricular é uma prática promissora para o tratamento da dor crônica nas costas em adultos.


RESUMEN Objetivo Investigar los ensayos clínicos randomizados sobre la acción de la acupuntura auricular para dolor crónico en la espalda en adultos, identificar los resultados más utilizados para evaluar dicha condición, el protocolo utilizado para aplicar la intervención e identificar en los estudios cuál es el efecto de la terapia sobre la intensidad del dolor. Método Revisión sistemática y metaanálisis, conducidas entre junio de 2017 y mayo de 2018, en las bases de datos PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro, Embase, Scopus y en la Biblioteca Virtual en Salud. Listas de referencias de revisiones sistemáticas también fueron exploradas. Resultados Se localizaron 427 estudios, 15 incluidos en el análisis cualitativo, y siete en el análisis cuantitativo. La acupuntura auricular obtuvo resultados positivos en el 80% de los estudios. Los resultados más utilizados fueron la intensidad y la calidad del dolor, consumo de fármacos, incapacidad física y calidad de vida. No existe estandarización en el protocolo de acupuntura auricular para dolor crónico en la espalda. Los resultados del metaanálisis señalaron que la acupuntura auricular fue eficaz en reducir los scores de intensidad de dolor (p=0,038). Conclusión La acupuntura auricular es una práctica prometedora para el tratamiento del dolor crónico en la espalda en adultos.


ABSTRACT Objective To investigate randomized clinical trials on the action of auricular acupuncture for chronic back pain in adults, and to identify the most commonly used outcomes for assessing this condition, the protocol used for applying the intervention, and the efficacy of the therapy on pain intensity. Method A systematic review and a metanalysis were carried out between June 2017 and May 2018, based on the PubMed, CINAHL, PEDro, Embase, Scopus, and the Virtual Health Library databases. Reference lists of systematic reviews were also explored. Results 427 studies were located, 15 included in the qualitative analysis, and seven in the quantitative analysis. Auricular acupuncture led to positive results in 80% of the studies. The most commonly used outcomes were pain intensity and quality, medication consumption, physical disability, and quality of life. There is a lack of protocol standardization for auricular acupuncture for chronic back pain. The metanalysis results showed that auricular acupuncture was effective in reducing pain intensity scores (p=0.038). Conclusion Auricular acupuncture is a promising practice for the treatment of chronic back pain in adults.


Assuntos
Humanos , Dor nas Costas , Acupuntura Auricular , Dor Crônica , Terapias Complementares
9.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03487, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1020392

RESUMO

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o efeito da Justicia acuminatissima , Sara Tudo do Amazonas, na função renal, na hemodinâmica renal, no perfil oxidativo e na histologia renal em ratos com injúria renal aguda isquêmica. Método Ensaio pré-clínico com ratos Wistar, adultos, machos (250-350 g), distribuídos nos grupos Sham, Isquemia e Isquemia + Sara Tudo. Foram avaliados os parâmetros hemodinâmicos, a função renal, o estresse oxidativo e a histologia renal. Resultados O pré-tratamento com o Sara Tudo atenuou a lesão funcional, o que foi evidenciado pelo aumento no clearance de creatinina, redução dos marcadores oxidativos e elevação de tióis, pela melhora significativa do fluxo sanguíneo renal, diminuição da resistência vascular renal e redução da lesão tubulointersticial no tecido renal. Conclusão A renoproteção da Justicia acuminatissima , Sara Tudo, na injúria renal aguda isquêmica, caracterizou-se por melhora significativa da função renal, reduzindo a lesão oxidativa, com impacto positivo na histologia renal.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar el efecto de la planta Justicia acuminatissima , "Sana Todo del Amazonas", en la función renal, la hemodinámica renal, el perfil oxidativo y la histología renal en ratones con injuria renal aguda isquémica. Método Ensayo pre clínico con ratones Wistar, adultos, machos (250-350 g), distribuidos en los grupos Sham, Isquemia e Isquemia + Sana Todo. Fueron evaluados los parámetros hemodinámicos, la función renal, el estrés oxidativo y la histología renal. Resultados El pre tratamiento con el Sana Todo atenuó la lesión funcional, lo que fue evidenciado por el aumento en el aclaramiento de creatinina, reducción de los marcadores oxidativos y elevación de tioles, por la mejora significativa del flujo sanguíneo renal, disminución de la resistencia vascular renal y reducción de la lesión tubulointersticial en el tejido renal. Conclusión La renoprotección de la Justicia acuminatissima , "Sana Todo del Amazonas", en la injuria renal aguda isquémica se caracterizó por mejora significativa de la función renal, reduciendo la lesión oxidativa, con impacto positivo en la histología renal.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effects of Justicia acuminatissima , or Amazonian Sara Tudo , on renal hemodynamics, oxidative profile, and renal histology in rats with ischemic acute kidney injury. Method Preclinical assay with adult male Wistar rats, weighing from 250 g to 350 g, distributed into Sham, ischemia, and ischemia + Sara Tudo groups. Hemodynamic parameters, renal function, oxidative stress, and renal histology were evaluated. Results Pretreatment with Sara Tudo reduced the functional injury, which was shown by the increase in creatinine clearance and thiols; reduction of oxidative markers, renal vascular resistance, and tubulointerstitial injury in the renal tissue; and the significant improvement in renal blood flow. Conclusion The renoprotection provided by Justicia acuminatissima , or Sara Tudo , in cases of ischemic acute kidney injury was characterized by a marked improvement in renal function, reducing the oxidative injury, and impacting on renal histology positively.


Assuntos
Ratos , Reperfusão , Medicamentos Fitoterápicos , Lesão Renal Aguda , Terapias Complementares , Ratos Wistar , Experimentação Animal
10.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(311): 44-46, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757277

RESUMO

Many patients undergoing medically assisted reproduction turn to alternative medicines such as acupuncture, sophrology or osteopathy in order to help them fulfil their desire for a child. What do these techniques consist in? What are their physical and psychological benefits? This article provides some explanations.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Criança , Humanos
11.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 332, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752830

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Weight gain is common after breast cancer (BC) treatment and may increase the risk of disease recurrence. Complementary medicine (CM) use is high amongst BC patients. This paper describes the use of CM from a cross-sectional self-administered survey on prevalence and management of weight after BC. METHODS: Use of CM was assessed using a question modified from the I-CAM Questionnaire. Participants were asked to rate perceived effectiveness, advantages and disadvantages, and which CM they were willing to use for weight management if there was evidence for effectiveness. The survey was emailed to members of the Breast Cancer Network Australia Survey and Review Group, the largest consumer advocacy group in Australia for people with breast cancer. RESULTS: There were a total of 309 responses. Three quarters had used CM in the past 12 months. One third had tried CM for weight loss. Yoga, meditation and pilates were perceived to be effective for weight loss. Perceived advantages of CMs for weight loss were the ability to improve general wellbeing, relaxation, and being non-pharmacological while disadvantages were financial cost, finding a reliable practitioner, and lack of research for effectiveness. Three quarters would be willing to try CM for weight loss if there was evidence for effectiveness, with the most popular CMs being acupuncture, relaxation, yoga, supplements, and meditation. CONCLUSIONS: The high use of CM in this group is consistent with previous research. Our research suggests that BC survivors would use acupuncture, meditation, supplements and yoga for weight loss if supported by scientifically-credible evidence. Research into the effectiveness of these treatments on weight loss after BC is warranted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Terapias Complementares , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Sobrepeso , Ganho de Peso , Adulto , Idoso , Austrália , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Terapias Complementares/psicologia , Terapias Complementares/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/etiologia , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Sobrepeso/terapia , Prevalência
12.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 321, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop and validate scales to assess attitudes towards patient' s use of TCM (APUTCM) and to measure a communicative competence in TCM (CCTCM) among nurses. METHODS: The instrument development process was conducted from Sep 2013 to Jul 2014, using the following steps: 1) item development; 2) internal review and refinement; 3) face and content validation; 4) instrument administration to a development sample; and 5) evaluation of validity and reliability. A convenience sample was used to recruit registered and advanced practice nurses who worked in different regions throughout Taiwan. A total of 755 respondents completed the online questionnaire. Statistical analyses were performed using the software of SPSS Version 21.0 and Analysis of Moment Structures (AMOS) version 24.0. RESULTS: The scale-level indexes (S-CVI) of content validity for both scales were over 80%. The reliabilities for the 13-item APUTCM scale and for the five-item CCTCM scale were 0.88 and 0.84, respectively. The model suitability for both scales was assessed, and the findings revealed suitable parameters for all indicators: GFI = 0.954, AGFI = 0.932, CFI = 0.959, RMSEA = 0.62, and chi-square/df = 3.891 for APUTCM; and GFI = 0.992, AGFI = 0.969, CFI = 0.992, RMSEA = 0.63, and chi-square/df = 4.04 for CCTCM. The convergent and divergent validity of scores on both scales provided evidence in the expected direction. CONCLUSION: This scale development study provides preliminary evidence that suggests that the 13-item APUTCM and the five-item CCTCM are reliable and valid scales for assessing attitudes toward patient's TCM use and communicative competence in TCM.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Terapias Complementares , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Psicometria , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan
13.
J Law Med ; 27(1): 7-19, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31682337

RESUMO

Debates have taken place for many years internationally, including in Australia, about the therapeutic effectiveness and safety of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM). The issues raised in such disputation go beyond the capacity for patients to make choices informed by contemporary knowledge about the status of such disciplines and the accuracy of claims made by the various stakeholders. As government subsidises rebates under private health insurance for a number of modalities of health care, the entitlements of CAM disciplines to such rebates have become controversial. This editorial traces Australian reports since 2010 about the eligibility for insurance rebates of a number of CAM disciplines and calls for the current 2019-2020 review by the Chief Medical Officer to engage in a fair, rigorous and conclusive evaluative process, utilising as its yardstick contemporary evidence about treatment efficacy. Such a process has the potential to bring to an end disputation that has only served to confuse patient decision-making, cater to vested interests and incur for government costs that cannot properly be justified.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Seguro Saúde , Austrália , Custos e Análise de Custo , Humanos
14.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1488, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pain is common in older adults. To maintain their quality of life and promote healthy ageing in the community, it is important to lower their pain levels. Pharmacological pain management has been shown to be effective in older adults. However, as drugs can have various side effects, non-pharmacological pain management is preferred for community-dwelling older adults. This systematic review evaluates the effectiveness, suitability, and sustainability of non-pharmacological pain management interventions for community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Five databases, namely, CINHAL, Journals@Ovid, Medline, PsycInfo, and PubMed, were searched for articles. The criteria for inclusion were: full-text articles published in English from 2005 to February 2019 on randomized controlled trials, with chronic non-cancer pain as the primary outcome, in which pain was rated by intensity, using non-pharmacological interventions, and with participants over 65 years old, community-dwelling, and mentally competent. A quality appraisal using the Jadad Scale was conducted on the included articles. RESULTS: Ten articles were included. The mean age of the older adults was from 66.75 to 76. The interventions covered were acupressure, acupuncture, guided imagery, qigong, periosteal stimulation, and Tai Chi. The pain intensities of the participants decreased after the implementation of the intervention. The net changes in pain intensity ranged from - 3.13 to - 0.65 on a zero to ten numeric rating scale, in which zero indicates no pain and ten represents the worst pain. CONCLUSIONS: Non-pharmacological methods of managing pain were effective in lowering pain levels in community-dwelling older adults, and can be promoted widely in the community.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/terapia , Terapias Complementares/métodos , Vida Independente/estatística & dados numéricos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Harefuah ; 158(11): 724-727, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721515

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has become increasingly popular in most Western countries. As a result, safety-related issues associated with these practices have become more apparent, including adverse effects and negative interactions with conventional medical therapies. The potential dangers associated with CAM are further exacerbated by the absence of high-quality clinical research on the subject; a lack of a basic understanding of the principles of CAM among physicians; and a reluctance of patients to disclose their use of CAM, including those modalities being used in parallel with conventional medical treatments. The increase in CAM use by their patients and the increased potential for harmful effects and interactions are central to the increasing interest among physicians and other healthcare professionals in learning more about CAM paradigms and practices of care. In light of this increasing interest in CAM, the majority of medical schools in the U.S. and Canada and a large number in Europe are providing their students with compulsory or elective courses on this subject. A similar process is taking place in Israel, with the Faculty of Medicine at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem having completed its first compulsory course in CAM at the Hadassah University Medical Center, Ein Karem. The increased use of CAM presents a number of challenges to the conventional medical profession. Medical schools can and should provide students with the knowledge and skills which will enable them to discuss CAM use with their patients, providing evidence-based guidance on the safe and effective use of these modalities.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Faculdades de Medicina , Terapias Complementares/educação , Humanos , Israel
16.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 305, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-centered culturally sensitive health care (PC-CSHC) has emerged as a primary approach to health care. This care focuses on the cultural diversity of the patients rather than the views of the health care professionals. PC-CSHC enables the patient to feel comfortable, respected, and trusted in the health care delivery process. As users of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) rarely inform their conventional health care providers of such use, the providers need to identify the users of T&CM themselves to avoid negative interaction with conventional medicine and to be able to provide them with PC-CSHC. Since the patterns of traditional medicine (TM) use are different to those of complementary medicine (CM), the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence, and the health- and sociodemographic associations for visits to TM- and CM providers in an urban population. METHOD: The data were collected through two self-administrated questionnaires from the seventh survey of the Tromsø Study, a population-based cohort study conducted in 2015-2016. All inhabitants of Tromsø aged 40 or above were invited (n = 32,591) and n = 21,083 accepted the invitation (response rate 65%). Pearson chi-square tests and one-way ANOVA tests were used to describe differences between the groups whereas binary logistic regressions were used for adjusted values. RESULTS: The results revealed that 2.5% of the participants had seen a TM provider, 8.5% had seen a CM provider whereas 1% had visited both a TM and a CM provider during a 12-month period. TM users tended to be older, claim that religion was more important to them, have poorer economy and health, and have lower education compared to CM users. We found that more than 90% of the participants visiting T&CM providers also used conventional medicine. CONCLUSION: A considerable number of the participants in this study employed parallel health care modalities including visits to conventional, traditional, and complementary medicine providers. To offer patient-centered culturally sensitive health care that is tailored to the patients' treatment philosophy and spiritual needs, conventional health care providers need knowledge about, and respect for their patients' use of parallel health care systems.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares/psicologia , Medicina Tradicional/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Assistência Ambulatorial/psicologia , Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Terapias Complementares/estatística & dados numéricos , Demografia , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega , Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Religião , Confiança
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(46): e17934, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous treatment modalities have been attempted for masticatory muscle pain in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). To compare the treatment efficacy of more than 2 competing treatments, a network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted. METHODS: This study was reported with reference to the extended Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement for reporting of systematic reviews incorporating network meta-analyses. Medline via Pubmed, Embase via OVID, and Cochrane Library Central were searched (up to February 11, 2019). Axis I protocol of Diagnostic Criteria or Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD, RDC/TMD) were chosen as diagnostic standards. The PICOS (Problem/patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, Study design) method was used to screen trials under eligibility criteria. And the NMA was performed with mvmeta commands in Stata (StataCorp, Tex). RESULTS: Of 766 studies searched, 12 randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were finally included. Nineteen different therapies were found and further categorized into 9 treatment modalities. The general heterogeneity was not found among included trials. But predictive intervals (PrIs) were conspicuously wider than confidential intervals (CIs) of all pairwise comparisons, indicating that heterogeneity may exist between studies. Complementary therapy showed the greatest probability (42.7%) to be the best intervention. It also had the highest mean rank (2.3) in the rankogram and the biggest value of surface under the cumulative ranking (SUCRA, 84.1%). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the limited evidence of available trials, complementary therapy seemed to be slightly more effective than remaining treatment modalities for pain reduction in TMD patients with masticatory muscle pain. High-quality randomized controlled trials are expected to validate the findings.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares/métodos , Músculos da Mastigação/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Toxinas Botulínicas/uso terapêutico , Terapias Complementares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Meta-Análise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
20.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 301, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among infertile women is popular in many countries, including Korea. Previous research has repeatedly found more than half of infertile women surveyed use CAM therapies for fertility enhancement and overall well-being. However, there is currently little evidence to support this practice, and this raises the question of infertile women's experiences in the uptake of those modalities and sociodemographic and psychological factors associated with CAM use. Thus, this study aims to explore the perceptions and experiences of infertile women with regard to their use of CAM in Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from 263 infertile women attending infertility specialty clinics in Seoul, Korea, in June 2012. The survey instrument included 47 questions on the use of CAM, demographic characteristics, health status, and infertility related factors such as duration and type of infertility, experience and satisfaction of conventional treatment, and self-perceived severity of infertility condition. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Among 286 respondents (response rate, 95.3%), a total of 263 women were included in the final analysis. 63.5% of respondents used one or more types of CAM modalities during infertility treatment. The utilization of CAM was associated with employment status, duration of infertility treatment, and self-perceived severity of the disease. The most commonly used CAM modalities were multivitamin and herbal medicine, and differences in types of CAM modalities used were found between the group with a higher rating of self-perceived disease severity and the lower perceived severity group. CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of CAM use among infertile women was observed in Korea. Our findings support that infertile women's own understanding of their illness and physical condition influences self-care behavior such as CAM use. This calls for an urgent need for further in-depth study of the clinical effects of popular CAM modalities among infertile women when used in conjunction with conventional treatment.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares/psicologia , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Percepção , República da Coreia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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