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1.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 75(9): 701-701, sept. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-ADZ-861
2.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 75(8): 617-617, ago. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-207885
3.
Wiad Lek ; 75(6): 1583-1591, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35907239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: The aim of the study is to investigate and describe eponymous terms of angioarchitectonics of the human head and to determine their features and possibilities of their functioning in modern medical terminology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The work uses general philosophical and general scientific research methods: dialectical, historical-chronological, bibliographic-descriptive, analytical, etc. This bibliographic analysis is based on published peer-reviewed articles, books, textbooks, monographs. The search period covered the period from 2010 to 2021. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The study of eponymous terms contributes to the disclosure of the evolution of clinical disciplines, the diagnostic process of thinking, as well as the formation of terminological competence in applicants for higher medical education, their mastery of the language of the specialty.


Assuntos
Idioma , Revelação , Cabeça , Humanos , Medicina , Terminologia como Assunto
4.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 75(7): 541-541, jul. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-205120
5.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 387, 2022 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35803960

RESUMO

The study of histopathological phenotypes is vital for cancer research and medicine as it links molecular mechanisms to disease prognosis. It typically involves integration of heterogenous histopathological features in whole-slide images (WSI) to objectively characterize a histopathological phenotype. However, the large-scale implementation of phenotype characterization has been hindered by the fragmentation of histopathological features, resulting from the lack of a standardized format and a controlled vocabulary for structured and unambiguous representation of semantics in WSIs. To fill this gap, we propose the Histopathology Markup Language (HistoML), a representation language along with a controlled vocabulary (Histopathology Ontology) based on Semantic Web technologies. Multiscale features within a WSI, from single-cell features to mesoscopic features, could be represented using HistoML which is a crucial step towards the goal of making WSIs findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable (FAIR). We pilot HistoML in representing WSIs of kidney cancer as well as thyroid carcinoma and exemplify the uses of HistoML representations in semantic queries to demonstrate the potential of HistoML-powered applications for phenotype characterization.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Imagem , Terminologia como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Web Semântica , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Vocabulário Controlado
6.
J Environ Manage ; 317: 115352, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35642819

RESUMO

Inadequate definition of key terms and their relationships generates significant communication and analytical problems in environmental planning. In this work, we evaluate an ontological framework for environmental planning designed to combat these problems. After outlining the framework and issues addressed, we describe its evaluation by a group of experts representing a range of expertise and institutions. Experts rated their level of agreement with 12 propositions concerning the definitions and models underpinning the framework. These propositions, in turn, were used to assess three assumptions regarding the expected effectiveness of the framework and its contribution to addressing the abovementioned planning problems. In addition to point-based best estimates of their agreement with propositions, expert ratings were also captured on a continuous interval-valued scale. The use of intervals addresses the challenge of measuring and modelling uncertainty associated with complex assessments such as those provided by experts. Combined with written anonymous expert comments, these data provide multiple perspectives on the level of support for the approach. We conclude that the framework can complement existing planning approaches and strengthen key definitions and related models, thus helping avoid communication and analytical problems in environmental planning. Finally, experts highlighted areas that require further development, and we provide recommendations for improving the framework.


Assuntos
Meio Ambiente , Técnicas de Planejamento , Comunicação , Humanos , Terminologia como Assunto
7.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res ; 46(6): 1103-1109, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35727299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of pejorative or stigmatizing language to describe individuals with alcohol and drug use disorders adversely affects treatment seeking, quality of care, and treatment outcomes. In 2015, the International Society of Addiction Journal Editors released terminology guidelines that recommended against the use of words that contribute to stigma against individuals with an addictive disorder. This study examined the use of stigmatizing language in National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded research and reviews published by the journal, Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research (ACER) from 2010 to 2020, with the goal of sharing the results with the alcohol research community to enhance awareness. METHODS: The search for stigmatizing language in ACER was limited to NIH-funded articles made publicly available on PubMed Central (PMC). Though ACER is not an open-access journal, original research and reviews directly funded by NIH are published to PMC for open access to the public as required by the conditions of NIH funding. ACER articles published on PMC were searched from 2010 to 2020 with specific queries for individual terms of interest including those considered pejorative ("alcoholic," "addict," and "abuser") and outdated ("alcohol dependent," "alcohol abuse," and "alcoholism"). The number of articles containing a term of interest for a given year was divided by the total number of articles published in that year to determine the percent use of each term per year. RESULTS: Our search of research and reviews (n = 1903) published in ACER on PMC determined that although the use of pejorative and outdated terminology has decreased over time, there is continued use of the term "alcoholic" over the last decade. Specifically, in 2020, over 40% of articles searched for in PMC still included "alcoholic." The results of a separate manual search (n = 110) on the Wiley Online Database showed that approximately 30% of articles used the term "alcoholic" in a stigmatizing manner. CONCLUSIONS: Stigmatizing language can perpetuate negative biases against people with alcohol use disorder. We encourage researchers to shift away from language that maintains discriminatory conceptions of alcohol use disorder. Reducing stigma has the potential to increase rates of treatment seeking and improve treatment outcomes for individuals with alcohol use disorder.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Idioma , Estigma Social , Terminologia como Assunto , Alcoolismo/psicologia , Alcoolismo/terapia , Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Comportamento Aditivo/terapia , Humanos , National Institutes of Health (U.S.) , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 75(6): 455-455, Jun. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-205100
10.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 294: 312-316, 2022 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35612083

RESUMO

New use cases and the need for quality control and imaging data sharing in health studies require the capacity to align them to reference terminologies. We are interested in mapping the local terminology used at our center to describe imaging procedures to reference terminologies for imaging procedures (RadLex Playbook and LOINC/RSNA Radiology Playbook). We performed a manual mapping of the 200 most frequent imaging report titles at our center (i.e. 73.2% of all imaging exams). The mapping method was based only on information explicitly stated in the titles. The results showed 57.5% and 68.8% of exact mapping to the RadLex and LOINC/RSNA Radiology Playbooks, respectively. We identified the reasons for the mapping failure and analyzed the issues encountered.


Assuntos
Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes , Sistemas de Informação em Radiologia/tendências , Radiologia , Radiografia , Radiologia/métodos , Radiologia/tendências , Terminologia como Assunto
11.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 75(5): 359-359, mayo 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-205081
13.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 75(4): 285-285, abr. 2022.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-206718
18.
JAMA ; 327(10): 987, 2022 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35258540
19.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 226(2S): S786-S803, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35177220

RESUMO

Preeclampsia, one of the most enigmatic complications of pregnancy, is considered a pregnancy-specific disorder caused by the placenta and cured only by delivery. This article traces the condition from its origins-once thought to be a disease of the central nervous system, recognized by the occurrence of seizures (ie, eclampsia)-to the present time when preeclampsia is conceptualized primarily as a vascular disorder. We review the epidemiologic data that led to the recommendation to use diastolic hypertension and proteinuria as diagnostic criteria, as their combined presence was associated with an increased risk of fetal death and the birth of small-for-gestational-age neonates. However, preeclampsia is a multisystemic disorder with protean manifestations, and the condition can be present even in the absence of hypertension and proteinuria. Toxins gaining access to the maternal circulation have been proposed to mediate the clinical manifestations-hence, the term "toxemia of pregnancy," which was used for several decades. The search for putative toxins has challenged investigators for more than a century, and a growing body of evidence suggests that products of an ischemic or a stressed placenta are responsible for the vascular changes that characterize this syndrome. The discovery that the placenta can produce antiangiogenic factors, which regulate endothelial cell function and induce intravascular inflammation, has been a major step forward in the understanding of preeclampsia. We view the release of antiangiogenic factors by the placenta as an adaptive response to improve uterine perfusion by modulating endothelial function and maternal cardiovascular performance. However, this homeostatic response can become maladaptive and lead to damage of target organs during pregnancy or the postpartum period. Early-onset preeclampsia has many features in common with atherosclerosis, whereas late-onset preeclampsia seems to result from a mismatch of fetal demands and maternal supply, that is, a metabolic crisis. Preeclampsia, as it is understood today, is essentially vascular dysfunction unmasked or caused by pregnancy. A subset of patients diagnosed with preeclampsia are at greater risk of the subsequent development of hypertension, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, vascular dementia, and end-stage renal disease. However, these adverse events may be the result of a preexisting vascular pathologic process; it is not known if the occurrence of preeclampsia increases the baseline risk. Therefore, the understanding, prediction, prevention, and treatment of preeclampsia are healthcare priorities.


Assuntos
Eclampsia , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Albuminúria/complicações , Edema/complicações , Feminino , Mortalidade Fetal , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Síndrome HELLP , História do Século XIX , História Antiga , Humanos , Placenta/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Placentário/metabolismo , Gravidez , Proteinúria/complicações , Transtornos Puerperais , Convulsões/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Terminologia como Assunto , Receptor 1 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
20.
Microbiol Spectr ; 10(1): e0237721, 2022 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35138169

RESUMO

Fungal nomenclature changes have been a regular occurrence in recent years, eliciting heated debate on whether such changes will confuse clinicians and harm patients. We conducted surveys of Australasian laboratory staff and clinicians to assess attitudes, practices, and concerns regarding nomenclatural change. The majority of respondents to both surveys were aware of fungal nomenclatural changes (93.5% laboratories, 79.7% clinicians); 72.8% of laboratories had already implemented nomenclature changes, and 68.7% of clinicians recalled receiving at least one laboratory report utilizing updated fungal nomenclature. The vast majority of clinicians (94%) both within and outside of infection specialties supported laboratories reporting updated species names with inclusion of the previous species name. The importance of including the previous name on reports was demonstrated by 73.3% of clinicians viewing "Nakaseomyces glabrata (formerly Candida glabrata)" as clinically significant, versus only 38.2% viewing "Pichia kudriavzeveii" as significant in the absence of its former name. When asked about reporting practices, 73.9% of laboratories would report a Candida krusei isolate as "Pichia kudriavzeveii (formerly Candida krusei)," with the rest reporting as "Candida krusei" (21.7%) or "Pichia kudriavzeveii" (1.1%) without further explanation. Laboratory concerns included clinicians being confused by reports, commonly used identification platforms continuing to use superseded species names, education of staff, and delays in updating species codes in laboratory information systems. Adopting fungal name changes appears to be well supported by laboratories and clinicians in Australia and New Zealand, and can be achieved safely and unambiguously provided the former name is included on reports. IMPORTANCE Recent changes in fungal species names have been contentious, eliciting heated debate on social media. Despite available recommendations on adapting to the changes, concerns include clinicians dismissing pathogens as contaminants with patient harm as a result, and disruption of the literature. Such concerns are understandable, but are not supported by evidence and may represent a vocal minority. This survey of Australasian laboratories and clinicians assesses attitudes and practices relating to changes in fungal nomenclature and found that there is overwhelming support for adopting nomenclature changes.


Assuntos
Fungos/classificação , Pessoal de Laboratório/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Atitude , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Austrália , Fungos/genética , Humanos , Terminologia como Assunto
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