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1.
Zootaxa ; 4768(1): zootaxa.4768.1.1, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33056532

RESUMO

The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN, or Commission) considered amendments to Articles of its Constitution (ICZN 1999a) at a special session in Singapore, convened on June 3-7, 2019. During this meeting, Commissioners also planned revisions to the Bylaws, the current International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999b, 2003, 2012, 2017) and ZooBank user policies.


Assuntos
Terminologia como Assunto , Animais
3.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(704): 1544-1547, 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880109

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a spectrum of hepatic pathology ranging from non-alcoholic fatty liver, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) occasionally complicated with hepatic fibrosis or even cirrhosis. In order to propose a diagnosis with positive criteria, a panel of experts recently proposed the use of an alternative nomenclature, metabolic-dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) whose use remains debated. In addition, in Switzerland and elsewhere, there is strong epidemiological growth of NAFLD. The next years will probably see the approval of new therapies for NAFLD/NASH but, at present, management remains focused on lifestyle interventions and joint monitoring by the primary care physician and, when necessary, the specialist.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Terminologia como Assunto , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/classificação , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/terapia , Suíça
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21714, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872051

RESUMO

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, yet it is inconsistently defined, preventing accurate estimation of its incidence and identification of risk factors. Here we began to explore a unified definition of PPH that may be valid for vaginal delivery and cesarean section.Medical records of women who underwent vaginal delivery or cesarean section at our tertiary medical center between January and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who delivered by each route were compared in terms of PPH incidence and risk factors depending on different blood loss cut-off values.A total of 560 vaginal deliveries and 393 cesarean sections were analyzed. Vaginal deliveries were associated with significantly greater blood loss based on change of hemoglobin level, but significantly lower blood loss based on clinical estimation. When PPH was defined as blood loss ≥500 ml based on change of hemoglobin level, its incidence was 57.7% for vaginal deliveries and 28.2% for cesarean sections. The corresponding incidences were 15.4% and 3.3% when PPH was defined as blood loss ≥1000 ml based on change of hemoglobin levels. Independent risk factors for PPH in vaginal deliveries were lateral perineotomy (OR 2.835, 95%CI 1.694-4.743), suturing by a junior physician (OR 3.456, 95%CI 2.005-5.956), and long time from delivery of placenta to return to the recovery room (OR 1.013, 95%CI 1.003-1.022). A risk factor for PPH in cesarean sections was a long time from delivery of the fetus until the end of the operation.PPH is a significantly underestimated obstetric problem, especially in vaginal deliveries. Regardless of delivery route, hemoglobin-based blood loss of 500 ml and 1000 ml may be useful, respectively, as early warning and diagnostic cut-off values.


Assuntos
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Adulto , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Terminologia como Assunto
5.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(4): 24-32, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748376

RESUMO

In 2020, the older adult population ( ≥ 65 years old) reached 703 million worldwide and 3.6 million in Taiwan. By 2026, Taiwan will become a super-aged society with at least 20 percent of the population in this category and 180,000 new older adults joining this population annually. The consequences of oropharyngeal physiological degradation include dysphagia, malnutrition, and a negative impact on quality of life. The provision of texture-modified foods and thickened liquids assist users with chewing or swallowing disorders, making foods easier to ingest and improving diet safety. The classification of texture modified foods allows for consistent communication among health professionals, care providers, and industry partners to improve quality of care for users. This article reviews the four texture-modified food classification systems currently in use internationally. 1. International Standardization Committee for Dysphagia: 22 countries implemented this framework, which was developed by a wide range of professions, including nutrition & dietetics, medicine, speech pathology, occupational therapy, nursing, food science & technology. This framework provides internationally standardized terminology and definitions for texture-modified foods and thickened liquids for persons with dysphagia. 2. Japanese Universal Design Foods: This voluntary standard established by the food industry addresses the physical properties related to the texture of food. The four categories in this standard are distinguished based on the hardness and viscosity of food. The category-based terms and the universal design foods logo are displayed on foods to facilitate consumer selection. 3. The smile care food-The Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries reclassified nursing care food into the following three categories: (i) Food for people without eating problems but with nutrition supplement needs; (ii) Food for people with problems with swallowing functions; and (iii) Food for people with problems with chewing functions. 4. Eatender, Taiwan senior friendly food. This standard designates four texture specifications: Easy to chew, gum mashable, tongue mashable, no chewing needed. This standard is used to grade the texture of packaged foods that use agricultural food ingredients sourced in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Alimentos/classificação , Idoso , Transtornos de Deglutição/dietoterapia , Humanos , Taiwan , Terminologia como Assunto
7.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 58(5): 925-933, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792124

RESUMO

Given the incidence of small renal masses, from benign cysts to malignancy, most radiologists encounter these lesions multiple times during their career. Radiologists have an opportunity to provide critical data that will further refine the understanding of the impact of these masses on patient outcomes. This article summarizes and describes recent updates and understanding of the critical observations and descriptors of renal masses. The templates and glossary of terms presented in this review article facilitate the radiology reporting of such data elements, giving radiologists the opportunity to improve diagnostic accuracy and influence management of small renal masses.


Assuntos
Documentação/métodos , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Terminologia como Assunto , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Humanos , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Pediatrics ; 146(Suppl 1): S66-S69, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737235

RESUMO

In all of medicine, there is perhaps nothing so distressing as bearing witness to a patient's suffering, especially if that patient is a child. We want to do everything that we can to avoid or alleviate a child's suffering, yet what do clinicians, ethicists, lawyers, or family members mean when they use the term "suffering," and how should these claims of suffering factor into pediatric decision-making? This question of suffering and what to do about it has played a key role in several prominent pediatric cases over the past decade, including the cases of Charlie Gard, Alfie Evans, and Baby Joseph. These cases have become seminal cases precisely because there is no clear resolution, and the "suffering child" continues to challenge our moral ideals of what it means to live a good life. In this article, I explore the various ways in which the concept of suffering is used in these cases, and I offer new ways in which parents, providers, and all those who work with sick children can approach the suffering child.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica/ética , Doença de Leigh , Encefalomiopatias Mitocondriais , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Terminologia como Assunto , Suspensão de Tratamento/ética , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Lactente , Doença de Leigh/diagnóstico , Doença de Leigh/psicologia , Doença de Leigh/terapia , Masculino , Encefalomiopatias Mitocondriais/terapia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/diagnóstico , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/psicologia , Doenças Neurodegenerativas/terapia , Ontário , Pais/psicologia , Estado Vegetativo Persistente/psicologia , Estado Vegetativo Persistente/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Respiração Artificial/ética , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Traqueostomia/psicologia , Reino Unido , Suspensão de Tratamento/legislação & jurisprudência
9.
Pediatrics ; 146(Suppl 1): S70-S74, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737236

RESUMO

The alleviation of suffering has always been central to the care of the sick. Yet as medical technology has advanced and life-sustaining treatments multiplied, medicine's capacity to both prevent and create suffering has grown exponentially. In pediatric medicine, the ability to stave off death with life-sustaining treatments allows children to survive but also to suffer in ways that are diverse and unprecedented. However, although parents and pediatric clinicians broadly agree that all children can suffer, there is little published literature in which researchers analyze or clarify the concept of pediatric suffering. This gap is worrisome, especially in light of growing concerns that the label of suffering is used to justify end-of-life decision-making and mask quality-of-life determinations for pediatric patients with profound neurologic impairment. Moreover, the awareness that some children can experience suffering but cannot communicate whether and how they are suffering creates a problem. Does the determination of suffering in a nonverbal child lie in the judgement of clinicians or parents? In this article, I will address several important questions related to the suffering of children through an analysis of two prevalent conceptualizations of pediatric suffering and suggest a possible avenue forward for future scholarship.


Assuntos
Temas Bioéticos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/ética , Percepção da Dor/fisiologia , Angústia Psicológica , Terminologia como Assunto , Bibliometria , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dissidências e Disputas , Humanos , Lactente , Futilidade Médica/ética , Comunicação não Verbal/fisiologia , Percepção da Dor/ética , Qualidade de Vida , Suspensão de Tratamento/ética
11.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(6)2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815699

RESUMO

Hematologic-related malignancy-induced eosinophilic dermatosis (He Remained) has recently been introduced as a new nomenclature to describe the eosinophilic dermatosis that has previously been observed in patients with hematologic malignancies. The condition has been reported in 208 patients; the ratio of men to women is 1.3:1. It is most commonly observed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients (77%, 160/208 patients). The chronic and relapsing eosinophilic dermatosis typically presents with pruritic lesions that are pleomorphic in morphology and mimic other conditions. The definitive pathogenesis of He Remained is still being established. However, neoplastic leukemia B cells - directly or indirectly (by stimulating a reactive polyclonal T cell response) - likely have an etiologic role in the pathogenesis of this condition in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients. In addition, recruitment of eosinophils to the skin may occur secondary to an immune shift toward a T helper 2 type response, possibly caused by the neoplastic cells, that results in these T cells producing interleukin 4. Clinical observations, currently based on the prompt (within four weeks) and sustained (at least 12 weeks to 6 months) resolution of He Remained in two elderly men with He Remained, suggests that dupilumab may be the treatment of choice in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients with this condition.


Assuntos
Eosinofilia , Leucemia/complicações , Síndromes Paraneoplásicas , Dermatopatias , Terminologia como Assunto , Idoso , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Eosinofilia/etiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Humanos , Linfoma/complicações , Masculino , Dermatopatias/etiologia
14.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 4406-4408, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602831

RESUMO

Three alternative proposals to emend the Rules of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes are presented to resolve the status of the Cyanobacteria in the prokaryotic nomenclature. Two were earlier published (Oren and Garrity, Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2014;64 : 309-310; Pinevich, Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2015;65 : 1070-1074). The third proposal is based on reciprocation of Article 45.1 of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants. According to Article 13b of the Statutes of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes, a decision on these proposals must be reached within 11 months from the date of this publication.


Assuntos
Cianobactérias/classificação , Terminologia como Assunto , Filogenia
15.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(7): 3956-4042, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603289

RESUMO

We here present annotated lists of names of Candidatus taxa of prokaryotes with ranks between subspecies and class, proposed between the mid-1990s, when the provisional status of Candidatus taxa was first established, and the end of 2018. Where necessary, corrected names are proposed that comply with the current provisions of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes and its Orthography appendix. These lists, as well as updated lists of newly published names of Candidatus taxa with additions and corrections to the current lists to be published periodically in the International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, may serve as the basis for the valid publication of the Candidatus names if and when the current proposals to expand the type material for naming of prokaryotes to also include gene sequences of yet-uncultivated taxa is accepted by the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Terminologia como Assunto
16.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611651

RESUMO

A few weeks after the peak of the global 2019 novel coronavirus disease pandemic, cases of shock, multisystem inflammation and severe myocarditis have occurred in children and adolescents, generating some concerns and above all many questions. An almost immediate association raised with shock syndrome related to Kawasaki disease (KD). However, in light of bo/th experience and literature have taught us about severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) infection, and what already known on the epidemiology of KD, we suggest here the hypothesis of a new 'post-viral' systemic inflammatory disease related to excessive adaptive immune response rather than a form of KD caused by SARS-COV-2. We discuss analogies and differences between the two forms.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Vasculite Sistêmica , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Criança , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Gerenciamento Clínico , Humanos , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Vasculite Sistêmica/imunologia , Vasculite Sistêmica/fisiopatologia , Vasculite Sistêmica/terapia , Terminologia como Assunto
17.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(7): 490-493, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610416

RESUMO

Incidental gallbladder cancer(IGBC) originated in the West more than half a century ago.IGBC was translated and introduced into China afterwards with widespread clinical application.With the popularization of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the trend of "abuse" of IGBC has become increasingly apparent worldwide.Many advanced gallbladder cancers have been categorized as IGBC which actually become the synonym of "missed diagnosis" . From the point of the pathology, the diagnosis of IGBC may cause delays in treatment and adversely affect the patient's prognosis.For country like China with relatively high incidences of chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, and gallbladder cancer, the concept of IGBC, however, is no longer applicable to our diagnosis treat model.For improving the prognosis of gallbladder patients, it is necessary to update and rename the concept of IGBC and more attention should be paid to improve the diagnostic level of early stage tumor.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Ausente , Terminologia como Assunto , China , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Colecistite/cirurgia , Colelitíase/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Tempo para o Tratamento
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4419-4420, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730194

RESUMO

Recently, articles were published in this journal in which new combinations were published based on basonyms that were not validly published at the time of submission, or a name not yet validly published was proposed as a later heterotypic synonym of another name. We here wish to remind authors and editors of the relevant rules of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes that regulate the procedure for valid publication of names and specifically, of the fact that names in online pre-publication articles in the journal's website are not validly published.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Terminologia como Assunto
19.
Br J Sports Med ; 54(19): 1162-1167, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic forces sport and exercise medicine (SEM) physicians to think differently about the clinical care of patients. Many rapidly implement eHealth and telemedicine solutions specific to SEM without guidance on how best to provide these services. AIM: The aim of this paper is to present some guiding principles on how to plan for and perform an SEM consultation remotely (teleSEM) based on a narrative review of the literature. A secondary aim is to develop a generic teleSEM injury template. RESULTS: eHealth and telemedicine are essential solutions to effective remote patient care, also in SEM. This paper provides guidance for wise planning and delivery of teleSEM. It is crucial for SEM physicians, technology providers and organisations to codesign teleSEM services, ideally involving athletes, coaches and other clinicians involved in the clinical care of athletes, and to gradually implement these services with appropriate support and education. CONCLUSION: teleSEM provides solutions for remote athlete clinical care during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. We define two new terms-eSEM and teleSEM and discuss guiding principles on how to plan for and perform SEM consultations remotely (teleSEM). We provide an example of a generic teleSEM injury assessment guide.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Medicina Esportiva/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Seleção de Pacientes , Exame Físico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Consulta Remota/métodos , Consulta Remota/organização & administração , Medicina Esportiva/organização & administração , Telemedicina/ética , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Terminologia como Assunto
20.
J Evid Based Soc Work (2019) ; 17(5): 624-634, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619146

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Communication plays an important role in the prevention of suicide, a leading cause of death in the United States. Prior research suggests people who die by suicide often communicate their intent to more than one member of their social network. The ubiquity of social media in modern society means an individual's social network may be larger than ever before, which has contributed to a proliferation of colloquial terms and phrases to describe suicide. AIMS: The present study collected and validated suicide-related terms from the U.S. English language in 2018-2019. By validating clinical and lay terms with people on the front lines of suicide prevention, the study provides a necessary foundation for lexical analyses of suicide communication on social media. METHOD: 98 terms related to suicide were collected from online, academic, and other sources. Mental health professionals and members of the electronic mailing list of the American Association of Suicidology were asked to validate terms. RESULTS: The survey validated common terms used to communicate about suicide. LIMITATIONS: The lexicon did not capture international phrases. It also did not document less direct language, such as expressions of emotion.


Assuntos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Suicídio/classificação , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Terminologia como Assunto , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
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