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1.
Int. j. pediatr. otorhinolaryngol ; 131: 1-29, Apr., 2020. ilus.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1052848

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the eating behavior, orofacial, speech myofunctional conditions, and facial temperature of children with congenital heart disease. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional and analytical study. The sample consisted of 30 children with heart disease (cyanotic or acyanotic; mean of 5.48 ± 0.84 years old) and 28 healthy children (4.98 ± 0.64 years old). Parents were given a questionnaire to assess eating behaviors (Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale). The orofacial myofunctional assessment protocol (OMES-E), the Child Language Test (ABFW), and thermography infrared of facial temperature were used. Data analysis was conducted by student's t-tests, Chi-square, logistic regression, and correlation analysis. RESULTS: Eating behavior in Parents did not perceive eating behavior differences between the heart disease and control groups. However, the percentage of children with some feeding difficulty was higher in the heart disease group. There was a difference between groups regarding the appearance and posture of structures, the mobility of the mandibular and cheek, swallowing function, and the total function score. Thermographic variables did not differ between the groups, but better performance in orofacial functions correlated with the temperature of the labial commissure and lower lip points. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of children with eating difficulties was higher among those with congenital heart disease, as was the increased facial temperature at the medial eyelid commission point when submitted to interventional procedures. The orofacial myofunctional aspects showed changes in posture and position, mobility, and orofacial functions among children with heart disease as compared to the control group. There was a correlation between the temperature of the thermo-anatomical points of the labial commissure and the lower lip as well as the OMES-E function score. (AU)


Assuntos
Fonoterapia , Sistema Estomatognático , Termografia , Comportamento Alimentar
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(11): e19483, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176082

RESUMO

In general, in digital infrared thermographic imaging (DITI) of patients with unilateral spinal radicular pain, the thermal pattern of the extremities of the side of lesion shows hypothermia compared to the opposite, intact side. However, sometimes, DITI shows hyperthermia on the side of the lesion, and this variation can cause confusion. We compared the data of both hypothermia and hyperthermia patients to clarify the factors determining different thermal characteristics in spinal radiculopathy.We retrospectively collected data from patients who underwent DITI at a single center. The final cohort (n = 224) was allocated into 2 groups, a hypothermia group (n = 180) or a hyperthermia group (n = 44). We compared the various factors, including demographic factors and symptom-related factors, that might affect the results of DITI.Except the presence of trauma history (13.9% vs 31.8%, odds ratio 2.893, P = .008), no significant intergroup difference was found in baseline demographic factors, including age, gender, diabetes mellitus, spinal level of pathology, and intervention history. Among symptom-related factors, in the hyperthermia group, the symptom duration was shorter (10.64 weeks [95% confidence interval (CI) 8.36-13.04] vs 2.10 weeks [95% CI 1.05-3.53], P < .001) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of radicular pain was higher (4.23 ±â€Š1.29 vs 5.18 ±â€Š1.40, P < .001) than in the hypothermia group. Also, in the regression analysis, significant factors for hyperthermia include the presence of trauma history, shorter symptom duration (cut-off value 2.50 weeks or less) and higher VAS of radicular pain (cut-off value 4.50 or more).In patients with trauma history, acute phase, and severe radicular pain, hyperthermia in DITI is not unusual and careful interpretation of the DITI results is necessary for proper diagnosis and treatment decisions in spinal radiculopathy.


Assuntos
Febre/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiculopatia/diagnóstico por imagem , Termografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(3): 468-471, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559805

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Fascia Manipulation® is one of the methods focusing on the deep fascia. The assumption is that fascial manipulation is carried out on precisely determined points - coordination centres (cc), and on a limited area so as the friction occurring during manipulation would cause a local rise in temperature due to the inflammatory reaction. Rise in temperature influences modification in consistency of elementary matter in the manipulated area, and by the same token causing a decrease in the negative effects of fascia densification which stems from accumulation of hyaluronic acid. The purpose of the research is to prove the thesis that fascial manipulation causes local rise in temperature due to inflammatory reaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the research, 25 individuals with densification in lower limb area were qualified. They were exposed to a single, 3-minute facial manipulation®. By means of a thermal-imaging camera, changes in the temperature of the body in the examined area were evaluated. The body's temperature evaluation was carried out 8 times: before the treatment, 5 minutes after the treatment, and, next, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48 hours after the treatment. RESULTS: The average surface temperature of the treated area before mobilization was 33.4°C. A statistically relevant increase in temperature was already observed 5 minutes after the treatment (increase of 0.5°C; p<0.001). However, the highest temperature was observed 24 hours after mobilization (increase of 2.4°C). The difference between the first and 7 other measurements was statistically relevant (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The statistically relevant increase in temperature under the influence of fascial manipulation® in the treatment area can confirm the occurrence of inflammatory reaction.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/terapia , Fáscia/fisiopatologia , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas , Adulto , Temperatura Corporal , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/imunologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/fisiopatologia , Fáscia/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Termografia , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Med Eng Technol ; 43(5): 305-322, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545114

RESUMO

Breast cancer is a disease that threat many women's life, thus, the early and accurate detection play a key role in reducing the mortality rate. Mammography stands as the reference technique for breast cancer screening; nevertheless, many countries still lack access to mammograms due to economic, social and cultural issues. Last advances in computational tools, infra-red cameras and devices for bio-impedance quantification allowed the development of parallel techniques like, thermography, infra-red imaging and electrical impedance tomography, these being faster, reliable and cheaper. In the last decades, these have been considered as complement procedures for breast cancer diagnosis, where many studies concluded that false positive and false negative rates are greatly reduced. This work aims to review the last breakthroughs about the three above-mentioned techniques describing the benefits of mixing several computational skills to obtain a better global performance. In addition, we provide a comparison between several machine learning techniques applied to breast cancer diagnosis going from logistic regression, decision trees and random forest to artificial, deep and convolutional neural networks. Finally, it is mentioned several recommendations for 3D breast simulations, pre-processing techniques, biomedical devices in the research field, prediction of tumour location and size.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Impedância Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Termografia , Tomografia
8.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(16)2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394720

RESUMO

A recent review of thermography studies in rheumatoid arthritis shows limited data about disease activity and mostly focuses on differences between the thermography of rheumatoid arthritis patients and typical subjects. A retrospective study compared patients with high disease activity (n = 50), moderate disease activity (n = 16), and healthy participants (n = 42), taking into account demographic, clinical, laboratory, and thermography parameters. We applied an infrared thermography sensor and a fingers examination protocol. Outcomes included the mean temperature of five fingers of a hand: In static, post-cooling, post-rewarming, the total change in mean temperature of fingers due to cold provocation, the total change in mean temperature of fingers due to rewarming, the area under the cooling curve, the area under the heating curve, the difference between the area under the rewarming and the cooling curve, and temperature intensity distribution maps. For patients with high disease activity, a lower area under the heating curve and a lower difference between the area under the rewarming curve and the cooling curve were observed, as well as a smaller total change in mean temperature due to rewarming, compared to patients with moderate disease activity (p < 0.05). Our study findings could be helpful in patients with an equivocal clinical examination.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Raios Infravermelhos , Termografia/métodos , Temperatura Baixa , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Dedos/fisiologia , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reaquecimento , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Temperatura Cutânea
9.
Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract ; 22(3): 349-366, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395319

RESUMO

This article reviews the use of the smartphone in exotic pet medicine. The mobile app is the most instinctive use of the smartphone; however, there are very limited software dedicated to the exotic pet specifically. With an adapter, the smartphone can be attached to a regular endoscope and acts as a small endoscopic unit. Additional devices, such as infrared thermography or ultrasound, can be connected to the smartphone through the micro-USB port. The medical use of the smartphone is still in its infancy in veterinary medicine but can bring several solutions to the exotic pet practitioner and improve point-of-care evaluation.


Assuntos
Animais Exóticos , Aplicativos Móveis , Smartphone , Medicina Veterinária/instrumentação , Animais , Cardiologia/instrumentação , Cardiologia/métodos , Cardiologia/tendências , Endoscopia/instrumentação , Endoscopia/veterinária , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Microscopia/instrumentação , Microscopia/métodos , Microscopia/tendências , Microscopia/veterinária , Aplicativos Móveis/normas , Aplicativos Móveis/tendências , Oftalmologia/instrumentação , Oftalmologia/métodos , Oftalmologia/tendências , Smartphone/tendências , Termografia/instrumentação , Termografia/métodos , Termografia/tendências , Termografia/veterinária , Ultrassonografia/instrumentação , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/tendências , Ultrassonografia/veterinária , Medicina Veterinária/métodos , Medicina Veterinária/tendências
10.
Int J Biometeorol ; 63(10): 1405-1415, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375909

RESUMO

Rectal temperature is an important physiological indicator used to characterize the reproductive and health status of sows. Infrared thermography, a surface temperature measurement technology, was investigated in this study to explore its feasibility in non-invasive detection of rectal temperature in sows. A total of 124 records of rectal temperature and surface temperature in various body regions of 99 Landrace × Yorkshire crossbred sows were collected. These surface temperatures together with ambient temperature, ambient humidity, and wind speed in pig pens were correlated with the real rectal temperature of sows to establish rectal temperature prediction models by introducing chemometrics algorithms. Two types of models, i.e., full feature models and selected feature models, were established by applying the partial least squares regression (PLSR) method. The optimal model was attained when 7 important features were selected by LARS-Lasso, where correlation coefficients and root mean squared errors of calibration were 0.80 and 0.30 °C, respectively. Particularly, the validity and stability of established simplified models were further evaluated by applying the model to an independent prediction set, where correlation coefficients and root mean squared errors for prediction were 0.80 and 0.35 °C, respectively. The validation of established models is scarce in previous similar studies. Above all, this study demonstrated that introduction of chemometrics methodologies would lead to more reliable and accurate model for predicting sow rectal temperature, thus the potential for ensuring animal welfare in a broader view if extended to more applications.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Termografia , Animais , Feminino , Umidade , Reprodução , Suínos , Temperatura Ambiente
11.
Brain Stimul ; 12(6): 1439-1447, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcranial focused ultrasound (tFUS) at low intensities has been reported to directly evoke responses and reversibly inhibit function in the central nervous system. While some doubt has been cast on the ability of ultrasound to directly evoke neuronal responses, spatially-restricted transcranial ultrasound has demonstrated consistent, inhibitory effects, but the underlying mechanism of reversible suppression in the central nervous system is not well understood. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: In this study, we sought to characterize the effect of transcranial, low-intensity, focused ultrasound on the thalamus during somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) and investigate the mechanism by modulating the parameters of ultrasound. METHODS: TFUS was applied to the ventral posterolateral nucleus of the thalamus of a rodent while electrically stimulating the tibial nerve to induce an SSEP. Thermal changes were also induced through an optical fiber that was image-guided to the same target. RESULTS: Focused ultrasound reversibly suppressed SSEPs in a spatially and intensity-dependent manner while remaining independent of duty cycle, peak pressure, or modulation frequency. Suppression was highly correlated and temporally consistent with in vivo temperature changes while producing no pathological changes on histology. Furthermore, stereotactically-guided delivery of thermal energy through an optical fiber produced similar thermal effects and suppression. CONCLUSION: We confirm that tFUS predominantly causes neuroinhibition and conclude that the most primary biophysical mechanism is the thermal effect of focused ultrasound.


Assuntos
Potenciais Somatossensoriais Evocados/fisiologia , Inibição Neural/fisiologia , Tálamo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tálamo/fisiologia , Termografia/métodos , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Animais , Neurônios/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ultrassonografia/métodos
12.
Trials ; 20(1): 521, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early detection of diabetic foot ulcerations (DFUs) can avoid or delay any progression into more severe stages, which may require limb amputation or lead to infectious sequelae and death. However, frequent clinical screening would be too intrusive and costly, and self-examination may be hampered by concomitant diseases and social disabilities. In addition, it requires professional knowledge and experience using specialized devices. Researchers reported that skin temperature monitoring could reduce the risk of DFUs in high-risk patients. The main research objects in this field are effective and convenient means of temperature measurement, accurate and reasonable early warning mechanisms, and timely and appropriate interventions. This trial aims to investigate the effectiveness of daily home-based foot temperature measurements in the prevention of DFUs with the aid of intelligent sensor-equipped insoles combined with photo documentation. METHODS/DESIGN: In this open-label, prospective, randomized, 24-month trial, 300 patients with diabetes mellitus (type 1 or 2) and severe diabetic peripheral neuropathy (vibration sensation ≤ 4/8), aged 18-85 years, will be recruited and assigned to control and intervention groups in a ratio of 1:1. Main inclusion criteria to be eligible for study participation encompass in particular risk group 2 or 3 for the development of DFUs using the diabetic foot risk classification system (as specified by the International Working Group on the Diabetic Feet [IWGDF]) and the ability to use a mobile phone. INTERVENTIONS: Participants in both groups will receive education about regular foot care at the beginning of the study (visit 0). In the intervention group, every patient will receive a pair of slippers with the inserted sensor-equipped insole as well as a smartphone with the corresponding smartphone application (Smart Prevent Diabetic Feet Application). The insole is a tool that records the temperature variabilities of the plantar foot. Patients will measure their foot temperature twice a day at home with a time interval > 4 h during the entire course of the study (24 months). The measured data will be initially analyzed and visualized, and further transferred to a remote server that allows the physician to perform specific interpretations. In case of temperature differences > 1.5 °C between left and right corresponding sites lasting > 32 h (assigned alarm level 4), the physician will start an intervention phase, which requires the patient to reduce daily activities and relax his feet for five days. At the same time, photo documentation is encouraged to be performed by the patient. Possibly, additional visits to a private doctor or clinical examinations will be arranged for the patient during this intervention period. OUTCOMES: The primary outcome is foot ulceration, evaluated by a physician, and occurring at any point during the study. DISCUSSION: This study addresses principal aspects in the prevention of DFUs. First, the sensor-equipped insole will be evaluated for daily performance in home-based measurements of foot temperatures. Second, a telemedicine structure is tested that evaluates sensor data automatically and proposes suitable intervention measures under the supervision of a physician. Third, predictive models for DFUs will be built using the collected sensor data allowing for interpretations, which in the future may support medical care providers. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS), DRKS00013798 . Registered on 18 January 2018.


Assuntos
Pé Diabético/prevenção & controle , Pé Diabético/fisiopatologia , Fotografação/instrumentação , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Sapatos , Temperatura Cutânea , Telemedicina/instrumentação , Termografia/instrumentação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Telefone Celular , Pé Diabético/diagnóstico , Pé Diabético/etiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aplicativos Móveis , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
13.
Yearb Med Inform ; 28(1): 102-114, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31419822

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Camera-based vital sign estimation allows the contactless assessment of important physiological parameters. Seminal contributions were made in the 1930s, 1980s, and 2000s, and the speed of development seems ever increasing. In this suivey, we aim to overview the most recent works in this area, describe their common features as well as shortcomings, and highlight interesting "outliers". METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature research and quantitative analysis of papers published between 2016 and 2018. Quantitative information about the number of subjects, studies with healthy volunteers vs. pathological conditions, public datasets, laboratory vs. real-world works, types of camera, usage of machine learning, and spectral properties of data was extracted. Moreover, a qualitative analysis of illumination used and recent advantages in terms of algorithmic developments was also performed. RESULTS: Since 2016, 116 papers were published on camera-based vital sign estimation and 59% of papers presented results on 20 or fewer subjects. While the average number of participants increased from 15.7 in 2016 to 22.9 in 2018, the vast majority of papers (n=100) were on healthy subjects. Four public datasets were used in 10 publications. We found 27 papers whose application scenario could be considered a real-world use case, such as monitoring during exercise or driving. These include 16 papers that dealt with non-healthy subjects. The majority of papers (n=61) presented results based on visual, red-green-blue (RGB) information, followed by RGB combined with other parts of the electromagnetic spectrum (n=18), and thermography only (n=12), while other works (n=25) used other mono- or polychromatic non-RGB data. Surprisingly, a minority of publications (n=39) made use of consumer-grade equipment. Lighting conditions were primarily uncontrolled or ambient. While some works focused on specialized aspects such as the removal of vital sign information from video streams to protect privacy or the influence of video compression, most algorithmic developments were related to three areas: region of interest selection, tracking, or extraction of a one-dimensional signal. Seven papers used deep learning techniques, 17 papers used other machine learning approaches, and 92 made no explicit use of machine learning. CONCLUSION: Although some general trends and frequent shortcomings are obvious, the spectrum of publications related to camera-based vital sign estimation is broad. While many creative solutions and unique approaches exist, the lack of standardization hinders comparability of these techniques and of their performance. We believe that sharing algorithms and/ or datasets will alleviate this and would allow the application of newer techniques such as deep learning.


Assuntos
Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Fotopletismografia , Sinais Vitais , Bibliometria , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Termografia
14.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 36(1): 730-738, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362538

RESUMO

Purpose: MR temperature imaging (MRTI) was employed for visualizing the spatiotemporal evolution of the exotherm of thermoembolization, an investigative transarterial treatment for solid tumors. Materials and methods: Five explanted kidneys were injected with thermoembolic solutions, and monitored by MRTI. In three nonselective experiments, 5 ml of 4 mol/l dichloroacetyl chloride (DCA-Cl) solution in a hydrocarbon vehicle was injected via the main renal artery. For two of these three, MRTI temperature data were compared to fiber optic thermal probes. Another two kidneys received selective injections, treating only portions of the kidneys with 1 ml of 2 mol/l DCA-Cl. MRTI data were acquired and compared to changes in pre- and post-injection CT. Specimens were bisected and photographed for gross pathology 24 h post-procedure. Results: MRTI temperature estimates were within ±1 °C of the probes. In experiments without probes, MRTI measured increases of 30 °C. Some regions had not reached peak temperature by the end of the >18 min acquisition. MRTI indicated the initial heating occurred in the renal cortex, gradually spreading more proximally toward the main renal artery. Gross pathology showed the nonselective injection denatured the entire kidney whereas in the selective injections, only the treated territory was coagulated. Conclusion: The spatiotemporal evolution of thermoembolization was visualized for the first time using noninvasive MRTI, providing unique insight into the thermodynamics of thermoembolization. Précis Thermoembolization is being investigated as a novel transarterial treatment. In order to begin to characterize delivery of this novel treatment modality and aid translation from the laboratory to patients, we employ MR temperature imaging to visualize the spatiotemporal distribution of temperature from thermoembolization in ex vivo tissue.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Termografia , Animais , Rim/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Suínos , Temperatura Ambiente
15.
J Therm Biol ; 84: 121-128, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466744

RESUMO

The monitoring of body temperature is important for the diagnosis of the physiological state of the animal, being dependent on available methods and their applicability within production systems. This work evaluated techniques to monitor the body temperature of beef cattle kept on pasture and their ability to predict internal temperature. Twenty-three adult bovine females were monitored for six months, and collection data carried out in eleven campaigns (D0-D10) twelve days apart. During collections, the surface temperatures of ear base (ET, oC) and ocular globe (OGT, oC) were measured by infrared thermography, and the subcutaneous temperature (ST, oC) was measured with the use of transponder containing an implantable microchip. Rectal temperature (RT, oC) was considered as a reference for body temperature. Temperature and Humidity Index (THI), Black Globe Temperature and Humidity Index (BGHI) and Radiant Heat Load (RHL, W/m2) were calculated. ET (33.32 ±â€¯0.12 °C), ST (36.10 ±â€¯0.07 °C), OGT (37.40 ±â€¯0.06 °C) and RT (38.83 ±â€¯0.03 °C) differed significantly (P˂0.05). There was positive correlation of RT with OGT (r = 0.392), ET (r = 0.264) and ST (r = 0.236) (P˂0.05). Considering the bioclimatic indicators, the highest magnitude correlations were observed between ET and THI (r = 0.71), ET and BGHI (r = 0.65), and ET and RHL (r = 0.48). The use of microchip represented a practical method, but with limited predictability. On the other hand, infrared thermography proved to be safe and non-invasive, presenting greater precision for inference of internal body temperature. ET was more influenced by meteorological conditions.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Bovinos/fisiologia , Termografia/métodos , Animais , Fazendas , Feminino , Umidade , Raios Infravermelhos , Monitorização Ambulatorial/instrumentação , Monitorização Ambulatorial/métodos , Temperatura Ambiente
16.
Anim Sci J ; 90(10): 1396-1406, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461205

RESUMO

Leisure riding is a popular way of using horses however, unlike sport or racing horses, those are mostly not associated with one rider with high skills. Constant overload of equine musculoskeletal system causes pathologies, which are affecting horse mobility and decreases the horse-rider communication. The aim was to propose the new scoring system of thermograph analysis as an aspect of differences in heat distributions on horseback before and after leisure ridings. The study was conducted on sixteen Polish warmblood horses, scanned with a non-contact thermographic camera. Heat pattern of the thoracolumbar area was evaluated on thermograms taken before and after exercise. The criteria with point values for horse-rider-matching were created: heat points on the dorsal midline of saddle-back contact area and degree of muscle unit overload. The results of thermograph analysis were compared with the results of a questionnaire on horse-rider communication during riding in order to estimate the relevance of matching. The maximum score was obtained in 38.3% and 39.8% of combinations based on the thermograph analysis and questionnaire, respectively. Results of both scoring systems were strongly positive correlated (r = .937), demonstrating high sensitivity (61.72%) and specificity (90.23%) of the matching. The horse-rider matching may improve horse comfort during leisure type of work.


Assuntos
Lesões nas Costas/veterinária , Termografia/veterinária , Animais , Cavalos , Atividades de Lazer
17.
Appl Ergon ; 81: 102870, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422278

RESUMO

Infrared thermography, thanks to technological developments and lowering prices, is now getting considerable attention as a potential arousal monitor in the safety industry. Nasal skin temperature might be a valid index to track physiological variations due to reduced arousal levels, and its use could prevent a drowsiness-related deterioration of performance. However, the few studies that have investigated nasal skin temperature in applied settings have had inconsistent results. Here, we assessed the validity of nasal skin temperature to monitor changes in arousal levels (from alertness to drowsiness). The participants performed a 2-h simulated driving task while we simultaneously recorded their nasal skin temperature, brain activity (we used frontal delta electroencephalographic [EEG] activity as the reference index of alertness), and driving performance (speeding time). For those variables, we calculated growth curve models. We also collected subjective ratings of alertness and fatigue before and after the driving session. We found that the nasal skin temperature showed a cubic trajectory (it increased for the first 75 min, and then it began to decrease, but such deceleration gradually diminished over time). As expected, frontal delta EEG activity showed an inverted U-shaped quadratic trend (EEG power increased for the first hour and half, and gradually decreased during the last thirty minutes). The speeding time exhibited a similar pattern of change. Subjective sleepiness and fatigue increased after the task. Overall, our results suggest that nasal skin temperature seems to be a valid measure of arousal variations while performing a complex and dynamic everyday task.


Assuntos
Nível de Alerta/fisiologia , Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Temperatura Cutânea/fisiologia , Termografia/métodos , Adulto , Simulação por Computador , Eletroencefalografia , Feminino , Humanos , Raios Infravermelhos , Masculino , Nariz , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1165-1170, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038635

RESUMO

Poor saddle-fitting is one of the main causes of back pain in horses. Mangalarga Marchador is a popular breed in Brazil, being used mainly for pleasure riding and sports. This study aimed to thermographically assess saddles used in horses of this breed. Thermographic images were obtained from 18 saddles of animals from different categories during a Mangalarga Marchador National Exposition. The evaluation was based on three parameters: contact area symmetry, dorsal midline interaction and total skin contact area (25%, 50%, 75% or 100%). Contact area asymmetry was observed in 83.3% of saddles. Dorsal midline interaction was observed with the same frequency. Only 22.2% of saddles assessed in the present study had panels with contact areas greater than 50%. Based on the results of this essay it can be concluded that thermography is a useful tool for the evaluation of saddle contact area with the back of horses and that there is a high frequency of fitting unconformities in saddles used in Mangalarga Marchador horses.(AU)


O ajuste inadequado da sela é um dos principais causadores de lombalgias em equinos. A raça Mangalarga Marchador está entre as mais populares do Brasil, sendo muito utilizada para cavalgadas e prática de esportes. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar termograficamente as selas utilizadas em cavalos dessa raça. Para tal, foram realizadas imagens termográficas de 18 selas de animais de diversas categorias durante uma Exposição Nacional do Cavalo Mangalarga Marchador. A avaliação foi realizada baseando-se em três parâmetros: simetria da área de contato, interação com a linha média dorsal e área total de contato com a pele (25%, 50%, 75% ou 100%). Em 83,3% das selas avaliadas foi observada assimetria da área de contato. A interação com a linha média dorsal foi observada com a mesma frequência. Apenas 22,2% das selas avaliadas no presente estudo tinham suadouros com área de contato maior que 50%. Com base nos resultados obtidos neste trabalho, conclui-se que a termografia é uma ferramenta útil na avaliação do contato das selas com o dorso dos cavalos e que existe alta frequência de inconformidades no ajuste de selas utilizadas na raça Mangalarga Marchador.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Termografia/veterinária , Dor Lombar/veterinária , Cavalos , Equipamentos e Provisões/veterinária , Marcha
19.
Nanoscale ; 11(33): 15464-15471, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265046

RESUMO

Effective temperature measurement using non-invasive sensors finds applications in virtually every field of human life. Recently, significant efforts have been made toward developing polymer positive temperature coefficient (PTC) thermistors because they have advantages including flexibility, conformability, and biocompatibility. However, most polymer PTC thermistors still have issues such as low sensitivity, low optical transparency, and poor operational durability because of low electrical conductivity and inefficient hopping transport of conventional conductive filler. Here, a highly sensitive and transparent polymer thermistor composed of silver fractal dendrites (AgFDs) and a polyacrylate (PA) matrix has been successfully demonstrated. A AgFDs-PA composite film exhibits a superior PTC effect (about 104Ω°C-1) around 35 °C because of the high electrical conductivity of the AgFDs and the quantum tunneling effect among them. A thermistor based on the AgFDs-PA composite shows excellent sensitivity, PTC intensity (∼107), and sensing resolution through dramatic resistance changes from thousands to billions of ohms in the human body temperature range (34-37 °C). Moreover, it exhibits excellent optical transparency (82.14%), mechanical flexibility, and operational durability. An electrical impedance spectroscopy analysis shows that the distance between the AgFDs increases with temperature, which implies that the quantum tunneling effect amplified by the branches of the AgFDs has a significant influence on the changes in resistance. This characteristic makes the thermistor immediately suitable for monitoring body temperature. We anticipate that the new thermistor based on the AgFDs-PA composite can be a key component of various sensing applications.


Assuntos
Polímeros/química , Prata/química , Temperatura Corporal , Espectroscopia Dielétrica , Mãos/fisiologia , Humanos , Hidroxilamina/química , Nitrato de Prata/química , Termografia
20.
Res Vet Sci ; 125: 315-322, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31352280

RESUMO

This study evaluated and compared infrared thermography (IRT) and rectal temperature (RT) as screening tests to identify sick transition dairy cows. Holstein cows (n = 72; 42 primiparous) had RT and IRT temperatures taken daily from 1 to 12 days in milk (DIM). Health examinations were performed daily to diagnose retained fetal membrane, milk fever and metritis, and blood was analyzed for ß-hydroxybutyrate at 6 and 9 DIM to diagnose ketosis. Plasma concentrations of cortisol, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor α and serum amyloid A at 3, 6, 9 and 12 DIM were included as additional indicators of illness. Cows were categorized as true sick if clinically diagnosed with an illness, or if at least 2 blood parameters were above the normal range. Diagnostic test performances for RT and IRT variables were determined for each variable at a test referent value that provided the highest Youden's (J) index. The best performing screening test depended on the definition of true sickness. In general, the J index for RT was 0.15-0.17 whereas the highest J index for the IRT variables was 0.22 for the mean eye temperature and 0.19 for the mean cheek temperature. Infrared thermography was at least comparable to RT and some IRT variables performed better as a screening tests than RT. Future studies into the automation of IRT for surveillance of early postpartum diseases is warranted.


Assuntos
Temperatura Corporal , Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico , Cetose/veterinária , Paresia Puerperal/diagnóstico , Placenta Retida/veterinária , Termografia/veterinária , Animais , Bovinos , Indústria de Laticínios , Feminino , Cetose/diagnóstico , Placenta Retida/diagnóstico , Período Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Termografia/métodos
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