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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238082, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1393422

RESUMO

Aim: To determine if the artificial staining with black tea (BT) influences the enamel microhardness before in-office bleaching and if BT staining is necessary to evaluate the efficacy of bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide Methods: Enamel/dentin blocks were randomized into groups according to the staining protocol (n=5/group): (CO) control ­ maintained in artificial saliva solution (AS); (BT4) immersed in black tea solution for 4 h; (BT24) immersed in black tea solution for 24 h. After the staining protocols, all specimens were kept in AS for one week, followed by bleaching (three sessions of HP application for 40 min). Knoop surface microhardness (kgF/mm2) was determined at baseline (T0), after staining (T1), after 7 days of storage in AS (T2), and after bleaching (T3). The color (∆E00) and coordinate changes (∆L, ∆a, ∆b) were measured using a digital spectrophotometer at T0 and T3. Data were submitted to one-way (∆E00, ∆L, ∆a, ∆b) or two-way ANOVA repeated measures (kgF/mm2) and Tukey's test (a=5%). Results: The staining protocols (BT4 and BT24) promoted significantly lower microhardness (T1 and T2, p<0.05) than CO, whereas CO was the only group to maintain microhardness values over time. Bleaching promoted perceptible ∆E00 without a significant difference among the groups regardless of the staining protocol (p=0.122). CO and BT4 showed no differences in terms of ∆L and ∆a (p>0.05), but BT4 displayed a higher ∆b than CO. Conclusion:The artificial staining with BT negatively affected the enamel surface microhardness and was not essential to evaluate the efficacy of 35% hydrogen peroxide bleaching


Assuntos
Coloração e Rotulagem , Chá/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental , Cor , Esmalte Dentário , Clareadores , Testes de Dureza , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
2.
Polim Med ; 52(1): 11-16, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35801996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resin composites have various applications. At the same time, they have some drawbacks, such as polymerization shrinkage. Conventional composites are polymerized in 2-mm thick layers. However, in posterior restoration, the 2-mm depth of cure is not satisfactory. To find a solution, resin composites have been vastly improved in terms of fillers, matrix and initiators. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate polymerization properties and physical characteristics of fiber-reinforced composites and compare them with bulk-fill composites that are designed for large posterior restorations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Samples were prepared from each resin composite. The 3-point bending test was performed to evaluate the flexural strength of all composites. The depth of cure of the composite from 1 mm to 4 mm of depth was analyzed using Vickers hardness test (VHN). To analyze the degree of conversion, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) of the top and bottom surfaces of the samples with 4-mm thickness was calculated. The data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test followed by post hoc test (95% confidence interval (95% CI)). RESULTS: The Filtek showed the highest flexural strength followed by everX and X-tra fil. At 1-mm depth, X-tra fil had the highest and Gradia had the lowest microhardness. At the 4-mm depth, the microhardness trend was as follows: everX > Filtek > X-tra fil > Gradia > Beautifil. The everX composite had the lowest reduction of the degree of conversion at 4-mm thickness, which showed a significant difference in comparison with Filtek, Gradia and X-tra fil composites. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of our study, it can be concluded that the fiber-reinforced composite everX showed more favorable results regarding polymerization properties, such as the degree of conversion and the depth of cure. However, the flexural strength results in Filtek were better than those in everX.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Materiais Dentários , Resinas Compostas/química , Dureza , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Propriedades de Superfície
3.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 33(1): 9, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34982233

RESUMO

In recent years, along with the development and application of magnesium alloys, magnesium alloys have been widely used in automotive, aerospace, medicine, sports, and other fields. In the field of medical materials, magnesium not only has the advantage of light weight, high strength, and a density similar to that of human bone, but also has good biocompatibility and promotes the growth of human bone. However, the mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys need to be further improved to meet the requirements for human biodegradable implants. In this study, three alloys (mass fractions: Mg-10Zn, Mg-20Zn, and Mg-30Zn (wt.%)) were prepared using powder metallurgy by homogeneously mixing powders of the above materials in a certain amount with magnesium as the substrate through the addition of zinc elements, which also have good biocompatibility. The effect of zinc on the microstructure, mechanical properties, wear performance, and corrosion resistance of magnesium-zinc alloys was studied when the zinc content was different. The results show that compared with the traditional magnesium alloy using powder metallurgy, prepared magnesium alloy has good resistance to compression and bending, its maximum compressive stress can reach up to 318.96 MPa, the maximum bending strength reached 189.41 MPa, and can meet the mechanical properties of the alloy as a human bone-plate requirements. On the polarization curve, the maximum positive shift of corrosion potential of the specimens was 73 mv and the maximum decrease of corrosion-current density was 53.2%. From the comparison of the above properties, it was concluded that the three prepared alloys of which Mg-20% Zn had the best overall performance. Its maximum compressive stress, maximum bending strength, and corrosion-current density reached 318.96 MPa, 189.41 MPa and 2.08 × 10-5 A·cm-2 respectively, which are more suitable for use as human implant bone splints in human-body fluid environment. The mechanical properties of the sintered Mg-Zn alloys were analyzed using powder-metallurgy techniques, and their microstructure, micromotion wear properties, electrochemical corrosion properties and composition of the physical phases were analyzed and discussed.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Ligas/química , Magnésio/química , Zinco/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Interface Osso-Implante , Força Compressiva , Corrosão , Testes de Dureza , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Metalurgia , Propriedades de Superfície , Difração de Raios X
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1367395

RESUMO

Objective: This study evaluated the influence of calcium lactate and sodium fluoride mouthwashes on enamel microhardness and dentin permeability during in-office bleaching. Material and Methods: For the microhardness evaluation, enamel blocks were randomly submitted to different treatments associated with in-office bleaching agent using 40% hydrogen peroxide (Opalescence Boost PF 40%/ Ultradent; 3 sessions x 40-minute each) (n = 10): 1) Control: application of bleaching agent; 2) Calcium lactate: 1-minute immersion before bleaching treatment; 3) Sodium fluoride: immersion for 1 minute before bleaching treatment; 4) Calcium lactate + sodium fluoride: 1 minute immersion in calcium lactate solution, followed by 1 minute immersion in sodium fluoride before bleaching treatment. Dentin discs received the same treatment protocols (n = 10) to evaluate permeability. Knoop microhardness and dentin permeability assessments were performed twice (at baseline and 48 hours after the end of bleaching treatment). Results: The generalized linear model considering the design of repeated measures over time showed that there was no significant difference between treatments (p = 0.9577) and between assessments (p = 0.3267) regarding Knoop microhardness. Kruskal Wallis and Dunn tests showed that calcium lactate immersion before bleaching treatment provided higher dentin permeability than other groups (p = 0.0009). Conclusion: The use of sodium fluoride solution and calcium lactate in association with in-office bleaching treatment did not influence the microhardness of tooth enamel, although calcium lactate may increase dentin permeability. (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou a influência dos enxaguatórios bucais com lactato de cálcio e fluoreto de sódio na microdureza do esmalte e na permeabilidade da dentina durante o clareamento em consultório. Material e Métodos: Para avaliação da microdureza, blocos de esmalte foram submetidos aleatoriamente a diferentes tratamentos associados a agente clareador em consultório com peróxido de hidrogênio 40% (Opalescence Boost PF 40% / Ultradent; 3 sessões x 40 minutos cada) (n = 10): 1) Controle: aplicação de agente clareador; 2) Lactato de cálcio: imersão de 1 minuto antes do tratamento clareador; 3) Fluoreto de sódio: imersão por 1 minuto antes do tratamento clareador; 4) Lactato de cálcio + fluoreto de sódio: 1 minuto de imersão em solução de lactato de cálcio, seguido de 1 minuto de imersão em fluoreto de sódio antes do tratamento clareador. Os discos de dentina receberam os mesmos protocolos de tratamento (n = 10) para avaliar a permeabilidade. As avaliações da microdureza Knoop e da permeabilidade dentinária foram realizadas duas vezes (no início do estudo e 48 horas após o término do tratamento clareador). Resultados: O modelo linear generalizado considerando o delineamento de medidas repetidas ao longo do tempo mostrou que não houve diferença significativa entre os tratamentos (p = 0,9577) e entre as avaliações (p = 0,3267) em relação à microdureza Knoop. Os testes de Kruskal Wallis e Dunn mostraram que a imersão de lactato de cálcio antes do tratamento clareador proporcionou maior permeabilidade dentinária do que os outros grupos (p = 0,0009). Conclusão: O uso de fluoreto de sódio e lactato de cálcio associado ao clareamento em consultório não influenciou a microdureza do esmalte dentário, embora o lactato de cálcio possa aumentar a permeabilidade dentinária (AU)


Assuntos
Fluoreto de Sódio , Clareamento Dental , Calcarea Lactica , Dentina , Testes de Dureza
5.
PLoS One ; 16(12): e0261051, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34882723

RESUMO

High shear wet granulation is commonly applied technique for commercial manufacturing of tablets. Granulation process for tablets manufacturing is generally optimized by hit and trial which involves preparation of granules under different processing parameters, compression of granules and evaluation of the resultant tablets; and adjustment is made in granulation process on the basis of characteristics of tablets. Objective of the study was to optimize the process of high shear wet granulation and prediction of characteristics of tablets on the basis of properties of granules. Atenolol granules were prepared by high shear wet granulation method, using aqueous solution of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP k-30) as binder. Concentration of binder solution and granulation time were taken as process variables, both studied at three levels. Different combinations of process variables were determined by Design Expert software. Granules were evaluated for different parameters on the basis of SeDeM-ODT (Sediment Delivery Model-Oro Dispersible Tablets) expert system. Granules from all the trials were compressed using round (10.5 mm) flat faced punches at compression weight of 250 mg/tablet. Tablets were evaluated of different quality control parameters as per USP. Results showed that both the process variables had positive effect on mechanical strength of tablets and negative effect on disintegration and dissolution rate. Granule prepared with highest level of binder concentration (15%) and highest granulation time (60 sec) resulted in tablets with highest crushing strength (11.8 kg), specific crushing strength (0.328 kg/mm2), tensile strength (0.208 kg/mm2), lowest value of friability (0.19%) and highest disintegration time (10.9 min), as predicted from granules characteristics on the basis of SeDeM-ODT expert system. Drug release from Trial-13 (processed under highest level of both process parameters) was also lower than rest of the trials. It is concluded from the study that quality characteristics of tablets can be predicted from granules characteristics using SeDeM-ODT expert system. Furthermore, SeDeM-ODT expert system can also be used for optimization of the process of high shear wet granulation.


Assuntos
Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Excipientes/química , Controle de Qualidade , Comprimidos/química , Comprimidos/metabolismo , Resistência à Tração , Testes de Dureza , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Porosidade , Povidona/química , Solubilidade
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20780, 2021 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34675271

RESUMO

Examine the effect of dental curing light and laser treatments applied after Silver Diamine Fluoride (SDF) on dentin hardness in carious primary molars. This in-vitro study consisted of 30 extracted primary molars with caries extending into dentin without pulpal involvement. The collected teeth were randomly divided into three groups: group 1: received SDF then Sub-ablative low-energy of Er,Cr:YSGG laser, group 2: received SDF followed by application of curing light for 40 s, group 3: had SDF treatment only. In all groups, 38% Ag (NH3)2F SDF was used. Vickers hardness test was performed on sound dentin below carious lesion. Kruskal-Wallis Test was used to determine the mean difference in dentin hardness of the groups at 5% Significance level using SPSS software. Surface hardness of sound dentin below the carious lesion was statistically significantly higher in the laser + SDF group (891.24 ± 37.33 kgf/mm2) versus the two other groups (Light cure + SDF = 266.65 ± 90.81 kgf/mm2 and SDF only = 117.91 ± 19.19 kgf/mm2) with p-value ≤ 0.001. Although Photopolymerization of SDF increases the surface hardness of sound dentin below the carious lesion, applying laser after SDF has the highest surface hardness due to the laser's sub-ablation of dentin.


Assuntos
Luzes de Cura Dentária , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Polimerização , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Compostos de Prata/química , Dente Decíduo/química , Fluoretos Tópicos/química , Testes de Dureza , Humanos
7.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 24(9): 1373-1379, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the fracture resistance, biocompatibility, hardness, and transverse strength of non-precious metal alloy (chromium-cobalt; Cr-Co), titanium (Ti), zirconia (Zr), polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) when employed as substructure materials according to the implant supported full arch fixed prosthesis treatment concept. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 150 Cr-Co, Ti, Zr, PMMA, and PEEK samples (n = 30 per material) measuring 25 × 2 × 2 mm in size were produced. Of the samples, 50 (n = 10 for each material, all having dimensions of 6 × 3 mm) were subjected to biocompatibility tests. The Vickers hardness test and three-point bending test were performed; fracture resistance measurements were taken and the biocompatibility of the samples was evaluated by the XTT assay. RESULTS: Vickers hardness was highest for Zr (p < 0.05). PEEK and PMMA had the lowest (and similar) fracture resistance values (p < 0.05). Cell proliferation on the surfaces of the materials was similar between PEEK and Zr (p > 0.05), which were the most biocompatible materials. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitations of this study, the most favorable materials in terms of biocompatibility were found as PEEK and Zr. When biomechanical properties are evaluated, the most durable materials can be specified as Cr-Co and Zr. Also, further studies are needed to improve material stability.


Assuntos
Ligas , Titânio , Dureza , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Próteses e Implantes
8.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 76-80, ago. 2021. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348357

RESUMO

esumen Objetivo: Comparar la microdureza de dos materiales endodónticos a base de silicato de calcio: MTA Densell Endo Sealer y TotalFill BC Sealer. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó la microdureza de los selladores MTA Densell Endo Sealer (Grupo 1, n=5) y To- talFill BC Sealer (Grupo 2, n=5) contenidos en cilindros de dentina de vacuno a los 14 días posteriores a su fraguado. La medición se realizó a temperatura ambiente mediante la prue- ba de indentación Vickers. Se realizaron cinco indentaciones por probeta con una carga de 100 g durante 10 s cada una. Las mediciones se convirtieron a valores de dureza Vickers (HV) y los promedios de los valores HV de cada grupo se compararon por medio de la prueba t de Student con un nivel de significación de P <0,05. Resultados: A los 14 días, luego del fraguado, la mi- crodureza de MTA Densell Endo Sealer fue significativamen- te mayor (P=0,001) que la de TotalFill BC Sealer. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que a causa de su dureza la remoción de MTA Densell Endo Sealer puede resultar dificultosa cuando está indicado un retratamiento (AU)


Aim: To compare the microhardness of two silicate-based endodontic materials: MTA Densell Endo Sealer and Total Fill BC Sealer. Materials and methods: Samples of MTA Densell Endo Sealer (Group 1, n=5) and Total Fill BC Sealer (Group 2, n=5) contained into cow dentine cylinders were subjected to the Vickers Microhardness Indentation test at room temper- ature and 14 days after setting. Five indentations per sample were performed under a load of 100 g for 10 s. The indenta- tion measurements were converted into hardness values (HV). Mean HV values of each group were compared using the Stu- dent t test at a significance level of P <0,05. Results: 14 days after setting, the microhardness of MTA Densell Endo Sealer was significantly greater (P=0,001) than that of Total Fill BC Sealer. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that due to its hardness the removal of MTA Densell Endo Sealer could be difficult to perform when a root canal retreatment is indicated (AU)


Assuntos
Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular , Cimento de Silicato , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Interpretação Estatística de Dados
9.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 137-143, ago. 2021.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348435

RESUMO

El propósito de esta revisión bibliográfica es aportar información actualizada acerca de las características de los dientes bovinos en relación con su uso como sustitutos de dientes humanos en trabajos de investigación. De acuerdo con la información registrada, los dientes bovinos serían excelentes sustitutos de la dentición humana para la realización de ensayos de laboratorio con el esmalte dental como modelo experimental (AU)


The purpose of this bibliographic review is to provide updated information about the characteristics of bovine teeth to be used as substitutes for human teeth in dental research. According to the information recorded, bovine teeth appear to be excellent substitutes for human dentition for conducting laboratory tests, using dental enamel as an experimental model (AU)


Assuntos
Bovinos , Bovinos , Pesquisa em Odontologia , Esmalte Dentário/anatomia & histologia , Erosão Dentária , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Colagem Dentária , Fenômenos Químicos , Esmalte Dentário/ultraestrutura , Testes de Dureza
10.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1217-1225, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121020

RESUMO

This study systematically compared the mechanical performances and polymerization shrinkage of two novel dual-cured resin composites (DCRC) with one conventional packable light-cured resin composite (LCRC) for their application as core build-up material by micro-hardness test, flexural strength test, push-out test, and digital image correlation analysis. The LCRC had a significantly higher micro-hardness (p<0.05) whereas the bond strength demonstrated no difference. The mean values of three materials ranged from 35.16 and 64.82 for the Vickers hardness and from 4.66 MPa to 11.53 MPa for the bond strength. The flexure strength of the three materials was not statistically different from each other. LCRC demonstrated 1.88% of volumetric shrinkage while the two DCRC showed 5.06% and 4.91%, respectively. In general, the DCRC demonstrated a comparable flexural strength and bond strength as the LCRC, however, the significant polymerization shrinkage of DCRC should be emphasized.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Dureza , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização
11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(21): 25260-25269, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34018714

RESUMO

Tooth enamel is composed of arrayed fluorapatite (FAP) or hydroxyapatite nanorods modified with Mg-rich amorphous layers. Although it is known that Mg2+ plays an important role in the formation of enamel, there is limited research on the regulatory role of Mg2+ in the synthesis of enamel-like materials. Therefore, we focus on the regulatory behavior of Mg2+ in the fabrication of biomimetic mineralized enamel-like structural materials. In the present study, we adopt a bioprocess-inspired room-temperature mineralization technique to synthesize a multilayered array of enamel-like columnar FAP/polymer nanocomposites controlled by Mg2+ (FPN-M). The results reveal that the presence of Mg2+ induced the compaction of the array and the formation of a unique Mg-rich amorphous-reinforced architecture. Therefore, the FPN-M array exhibits excellent mechanical properties. The hardness (2.42 ± 0.01 GPa) and Young's modulus (81.5 ± 0.6 GPa) of the as-prepared FPN-M array are comparable to those of its biological counterparts; furthermore, the enamel-like FPN-M array is translucent. The hardness and Young's modulus of the synthetic array of FAP/polymer nanocomposites without Mg2+ control (FPN) are 0.51 ± 0.04 and 43.5 ± 1.6 GPa, respectively. The present study demonstrates a reliable bioprocess-inspired room-temperature fabrication technique for the development of advanced high-performance composite materials.


Assuntos
Apatitas/química , Esmalte Dentário/química , Magnésio/química , Nanocompostos/química , Polímeros/química , Temperatura , Biomimética , Testes de Dureza
12.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 22(3): 131, 2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839973

RESUMO

The high-drug-loaded sustained-release gastric-floating clarithromycin (CAM) tablets were proposed and manufactured via semisolid extrusion (SSE)-based 3D printing. The physical and mechanical properties, such as dimensions, weight variation, friability, and hardness, were accessed according to the quality standards of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (Ch.P). The interactions among the drug-excipients were evaluated via differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Next, the rheological properties of the paste and the effect of the excipients and solvents were evaluated. Finally, a very high drug-loading of up to 81.7% (w/w) with the sustain release time of 8 h (125 mg) and 12 h (250 mg) was achieved. The results revealed the potential of SSE for achieving a high drug loading and identified the suitable properties of the paste for SSE-based 3D printing.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Claritromicina/administração & dosagem , Impressão Tridimensional , Antibacterianos/farmacocinética , Claritromicina/farmacocinética , Simulação por Computador , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Excipientes , Testes de Dureza , Reologia , Estômago , Comprimidos
13.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245391, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33444341

RESUMO

Inconel 718 alloy is widely used in aero-engines and high-temperature environments. However, residual stress caused by processing and molding leads to an uneven distribution of internal pressure, which reduces the reliability of service process. Therefore, numerical simulation of the nanoindentation process was applied to evaluate the effect of residual stress on the machined subsurface of Inconel 718. A gradient material model of Inconel 718 was established in ABAQUS finite element software. Mechanical properties based on nanoindentation testing showed an influence of residual stress in combination with indenter geometry. The orthogonal experimental results show that under diverse residual stress states, the indenter's geometry can affect the pile-up of the material surface after nanoindentation and significantly influence the test results. With increases in piling-up, the error caused by residual stress on the characterization of the mechanical properties of the hardened layer increases. Through the establishment of a numerical model, the influence of residual stress can be predicted within nanoindentation depths of 300 nm.


Assuntos
Ligas de Cromo/química , Simulação por Computador , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Testes de Dureza , Modelos Químicos , Nanotecnologia , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície
14.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1180857

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the initial mechanical stabilization of conventional glass ionomer cements (GICs) indicated for the atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) in different storage periods. Material and Methods: Specimens were divided according to the GIC (n=12): IZ - Ion-Z, KM - Ketac Molar Easymix, RS - Riva Self Cure, and GL - Gold Label 9. They were prepared and stored in distilled water. Superficial microhardness (SMH) was evaluated (KHN) in three phases: (A) after 1, (B) 3, and (C) 7 days of storage. Data were submitted to 2-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (α = 5%). Results: The average KHN values for phases A, B, and C were, respectively, 33.05 ± 9.74; 33.21 ± 10.31 and 52.07 ± 11.75 (IZ); 50.35 ± 11.39; 66.05 ± 10.48 and 67.77 ± 13.80 (KM); 89.63 ± 15.59; 71.31 ± 23.86 and 57.70 ± 16.89 (RS); 42.18 ± 9.03; 68.54 ± 6.83 and 57.95 ± 8.24 (GL). Significant differences were observed: GIC, time, and interaction of both (p<0.05). KHN values differed between the groups, except in the GIC parameter for KM and GL. The time parameter values of phase A were lower than those of B and C, except for IZ and RS. Conclusion: The initial mechanical stabilization differed between the types of GIC tested and the storage time, and after the final period, all had similar SMH.


Assuntos
Tratamento Dentário Restaurador sem Trauma/instrumentação , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Testes de Dureza , Dente Molar , Zinco , Brasil , Análise de Variância
15.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1351206

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective To compare the capacity of silver diamine fluoride (30%) and the bioactive giomer light-curing varnish for arresting ICDAS score 5 non-retentive caries lesions. Material and Methods An in vitro analytical study was conducted using 36 healthy primary teeth, in which a cavity was created, divided into 3 groups: control (distilled and deionized water), giomer-based light-curing varnish - Barrier Coat, and Silver Diamine Fluoride 30% - Cariestop (SDF). The samples were analyzed for mineral loss as measured by surface microhardness (SMH).The Knoop microhardness test was performed using the HVS-1000 microhardness tester. The data were compared by two-way analysis of variance - treatment and time (before and after treatment) followed by Tukey's post-test. The significance level adopted in all analyzes was 5%. Results The specimens treated with giomer showed higher SMH compared to the untreated group but were similar to those of the SDF group. The SDF group, on the other hand, showed no statistically significant difference from the control group (p=0.010). Conclusion The giomer varnish had a remineralizing effect on artificial dentinal caries.


Assuntos
Dente Decíduo , Técnicas In Vitro , Diaminas , Testes de Dureza/instrumentação , Estudos de Intervenção , Análise de Variância , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Cárie Dentária
16.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(2): 24-30, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1357504

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the superficial microhardness of enamel-restorations margins of glass ionomer cement reinforced with silver (RS), modified with resin (RI) and composite resin (CO) after cariogenic biofilm. Materials and Methods: Thirty bovine enamel blocks with standard cavities were divided into three groups according to the materials used: RI (Riva Light Cure™, SDI), RS (Riva Silver™, SDI) and CO (Filtek™ Z350 XT, 3M). Half of each enamel block surface was covered by acid resistant varnish. After that, the blocks were exposed to Streptococcus mutans biofilm. The varnish was removed from the blocks and superficial microhardness (MDS) was measured (Knoop, 50 g, 15 s), with five indentations, 100 µm from each other in three different directions. The data were analyzed by the Shapiro Wilk, Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney tests (p<0.05). Results: MDS analysis indicated that in 50 µm distance from the restoration, RS group obtained hardness gain (6.31±0.01), unlike RI (-0.36±0.05) and CO (-11.43±0.02) groups that demonstrated significant loss (p<0.05). In other distances did not observe statistical difference between the groups. Regardless of the distance up to 450 µm, significant high total mineral gain was observed for RS group compared to the CO group; however, RS and RI presented similar enamel microhardness. Conclusion: All glass ionomers increased microhardness of enamel blocks even in contact with cariogenic biofilm. Although only the silver reinforced glass ionomer prevented demineralization at the margin restorations in 50 µm from the margin.


Objetivo: Comparar a desmineralização nas margens da interface dente/restauração utilizando cimento de ionômero de vidro modificado com resina (RI) e reforçado com prata (RS) e com resina composta (CO) após desafio cariogênico. Materiais e Métodos: 30 blocos de esmalte bovino com cavidades padronizadas foram divididos em 3 grupos de acordo com os materiais utilizados: RI (Riva Light CureTM, SDI), RS (Riva SilverTM, SDI) e CO (FiltekTM Z350 XT, 3M). Metade de cada superfície de esmalte restaurada foi protegida com verniz ácido-resistente. Os blocos foram expostos ao biofilme de Streptococcus mutans. O verniz foi removido dos espécimes com algodão e álcool para mensuração da microdureza superficial (MDS - Knoop, 50 g, 15 s), através de 3 linhas com 5 indentações em cada e 100 µm de distância entre elas. Os dados foram submetidos ao programa SPSS 20.0, teste de normalidade de Shapiro Wilk, Kruskal Wallis e Mann Whitney (p<0,05). Resultados: A análise da MDS demonstrou que na distância de 50 µm da restauração, o grupo RS apresentou ganho percentual de dureza (6,31 ± 0,01), diferentemente dos grupo RI (-0,036 ± 0,05) e CO (-11,43 ± 0,02) que apresentaram perda significativa (p<0,05). Nas demais distâncias, não foi observada diferença estatística entre os grupos. Conclusão: Todos os cimentos de ionômero de vidro aumentaram a microdureza superficial total dos blocos de esmalte mesmo após exposição ao biofilme cariogênico. No entanto, apenas o grupo RS impediu a desmineralização a 50 µm das margens de restaurações submetidas a biofilme cariogênico.


Assuntos
Materiais Dentários , Resinas Compostas , Esmalte Dentário , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Testes de Dureza
17.
Ars pharm ; 61(4): 245-252, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195238

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: el Clonazepam pertenece a un grupo de medicamentos llamados benzodiazepinas. Se sabe que estos medicamentos actúan en el cerebro a través del GABA. Es un anticonvulsivante utilizado para varios tipos de ataques, incluyendo ataques miotónicos o atónicos, epilepsia fotosensible, y crisis de ausencia, aunque puede desarrollarse tolerancia. Raras veces es eficaz en ataques tónico-clónicos generalizados o parciales. MÉTODO: el presente estudio se realizó para analizar los parámetros comparativos de control de calidad in vitro mediante la evaluación de la variación de peso, friabilidad, dureza, tiempo de desintegración y perfil de disolución entre el medicamento innovador (Rivotril®) y medicamentos multifuente que son comercializados en el mercado peruano. Para realizar el estudio comparativo, se seleccionaron tabletas de Clonazepam 0,5 mg multifuente de diferentes laboratorios comparándolos con el medicamento innovador y se evaluaron las características fisicoquímicas y biofarmacéuticas. Los ensayos farmacopeicos se evaluaron según lo establecido en la USP 42. RESULTADOS: los resultados permitieron establecer que todas las marcas analizadas cumplieron los criterios de aceptación establecidos en la farmacopea para cada principio activo y que el comportamiento biofarmacéutico de ellas era muy similar para ambos tipos de molécula. CONCLUSIONES: se estableció que todas las tabletas multifuente de Clonazepam 0,5 mg incluidos en esta investigación son bioequivalentes con la marca innovadora elegida y, por lo que permite proponer a la comunidad científica la determinación de la equivalencia biofarmacéutica como elemento de apoyo en la toma de decisiones de compra en el servicio farmacéutico


INTRODUCTION: Clonazepam belongs to a group of medications called benzodiazepines. It is known that these drugs act in the brain through GABA. It is an anticonvulsant used for various types of attacks, including myotonic or atonic attacks, photosensitive epilepsy, and absence attacks, although tolerance may develop. It is rarely effective in generalized or partial tonic-clonic attacks. METHOD: the present study was carried out to analyze the comparative parameters of in vitro quality control by evaluating the variation in weight, friability, hardness, disintegration time and dissolution profile between the innovative drug (Rivotril®) and multi-source drugs that are marketed in the Peru¬vian market. To carry out the comparative study, Clonazepam 0.5 mg multi-source tablets were selected from different laboratories comparing them with the innovative medicine and the physicochemical and biopharmaceutical characteristics were evaluated. Pharmacopoeial trials were evaluated as established in USP 42. RESULTS: the results made it possible to establish that all the brands analyzed met the acceptance criteria established in the pharmacopoeia for each active ingredient and that their biopharmaceutical behavior was very similar for both types of molecule


Assuntos
Clonazepam/normas , Clonazepam/química , Controle de Qualidade , Testes de Dureza , Solubilidade , Padrões de Referência , Fatores de Tempo , Medicamentos Bioequivalentes , Peru
18.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(2): 34-39, maio-ago.2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1102682

RESUMO

As resinas Bulk fill surgiram com o intuito de facilitar a restauração de cavidades profundas. A fotoativação adequada é extremamente importante para que a resina bulk fill ofereça propriedades mecânicas satisfatórias e, longevidade na restauração. Este estudo avaliou a influência da espessura do incremento na microdureza Knoop (KHN) de três resinas bulk fill (n = 5). Cinquenta amostras foram divididas de acordo com o material (Filtek Z250, Filtek One Bulk Fill e Filtek Bulk Fill Flow), espessura (2mm e 4 mm) e tempo de fotoativação (20 e 40s) - Z2502mm20s, Z2502mm40s, One2mm20s, One2mm40s, One4mm20s, One4mm40s, Flow2mm20s, Flow2mm40s, Flow4mm20s e Flow4mm40s. As análises KHN foram realizadas no topo e na base de cada amostra. Os dados foram submetidos à ANOVA a 1 critério e ao Teste de Tukey (p< 0,05). A média e desvio padrão (+/-) dos seguintes grupos foram (Z2502mm20s) 0,85 (+/- 0,01); (Z2502mm40s) 0,92 (+/- 0,01); (One2mm20s) 1,05 (+/- 0,08); (One2mm40s) 0,95 (+/- 0,04); (One4mm20s) 0,93 (+/- 0,04); (One4mm40s) 0,97 (+/ - 0,04); (Flow2mm20s) 0,92 (+/- 0,05); (Flow2mm40s) 0,89 (+/- 0,04); (Flow4mm20s) 0,79 (+/- 0,04) e (Flow4mm40s) 0,90 (+/- 0,03). Os grupos da Filtek One Bulk apresentaram um valor significativamente maior, demonstrando uma polimerização suficiente mesmo na base de incrementos com 4 mm. Concluiu-se que o aumento na espessura do incremento de resinas bulk fill não afetou negativamente a fotoativação(AU)


Bulk fill composites emerged, allowing the restoration of deep cavities easily. Appropriate lightcuring is crucial to bulk fill composite presents satisfactory mechanical properties and restoration longevity. This study evaluated the influence of thickness increment on Knoop microhardness (KHN) of three dental bulk fill composites (n=5). Fifty samples were divided according to composite (Filtek Z250, Filtek One Bulk Fill and Filtek Bulk Fill Flow), thickness (2mm and 4 mm) and time lightcuring (20 and 40 s) - Z2502mm20s, Z2502mm40s, One2mm20s, One2mm40s, One4mm20s, One4mm40s, Flow2mm20s, Flow2mm40s, Flow4mm20s e Flow4mm40s. KHN analysis were performed on the top and the base of each specimen. Data were subjected to one-way ANOVA and Tukey test (p< 0,05). The mean and standard deviation (+/-) of following groups were (Z2502mm20s) 0,85(+/-0,01); (Z2502mm40s) 0,92(+/- 0,01); (One2mm20s) 1,05(+/-0,08); (One2mm40s) 0,95(+/-0,04); (One4mm20s) 0,93 (+/-0,04); (One4mm40s) 0,97(+/-0,04); (Flow2mm20s) 0,92(+/- 0,05); (Flow2mm40s) 0,89(+/-0,04); (Flow4mm20s) 0,79(+/-0,04) e (Flow4mm40s) 0,90(+/-0,03) Filtek One Bulk groups present significantly higher value, demonstrating sufficient polymerization even on the base of 4 mm increments. It was concluded that the increase in the thickness increment of Bulk fill composites did not negatively affect the lightcure(AU)


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Testes de Dureza , Materiais Dentários , Polimerização
19.
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater ; 108(8): 3323-3330, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562464

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Zirconia with 3 mol% yttria (3Y-TZP) has been used for dental crowns and bridges due to its excellent mechanical behavior. Performing fracture toughness testing on this nanograin material, however, can be a challenge. For reliable results, fracture toughness testing requires an extremely sharp notch in the test specimen that closely approximates a very sharp crack. This study was to investigate an alternative method to produce nanometer-sized notches, which are less than the average grain size of 3Y-TZP, during the preparation of single-edge V-notched beam specimens and report the resulting fracture toughness value. METHODS: We present a method using focused ion beam (FIB) milling to fabricate nanometer-sized notches in 3Y-TZP. The notch tip is <100 nm wide, which is smaller than the grain size, and is consistent throughout the thickness of the specimen. RESULTS: The FIB-notched specimens show a much reduced average fracture toughness of 5.64 ± 1.14 MPa√m compared to 8.90 ± 0.23 MPa√m for the specimens without FIB-notches. The FIB-milling did not appear to create any monoclinic phase prior to fracture toughness testing. Fractures originated at the FIB-notches, and the notch size can be readily identified post-mortem using a microscope. A considerable amount of tetragonal-to-monoclinic phase transformation was observed throughout the fracture surfaces. SIGNIFICANCE: FIB milling provides an alternative method to fabricate nanometer-sized notches that are smaller than the grain size of tetragonal zirconia polycrystal. The fracture toughness determined using FIB-notches was ~5.64 MPa√m, smaller than the specimens with V-notches fabricated using saw blades.


Assuntos
Coroas , Prótese Parcial Fixa , Zircônio/química , Materiais Dentários , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Tamanho da Partícula , Estresse Mecânico , Ítrio
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e053, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578763

RESUMO

The objective was to evaluate the compressive strength (CS), diametral tensile strength (DTS), flexural strength (FS), and Knoop microhardness (KH) of different conventional restorative glass-ionomer cements (GICs) and to correlate these mechanical properties (MP) with the stabilization time (ST) of their chemical bonds. Eighteen GICs were tested: Bioglass [B], Chemfil Rock [CR], Equia Forte [EF], Gold Label 2 [GL2], Gold Label 9 [GL9], Glass Ionomer Cement II [GI], Ionglass [IG], Ion Z[ IZ], Ionomaster [IM], Ionofil Plus [IP], Ionostar Plus [IS], Ketac Molar Easymix [KM], Magic Glass [MG], Maxxion R [Ma], Riva Self Cure [R], Vidrion R [V], Vitro Fil [VF] and Vitro Molar [VM]. The mechanical strength tests were performed in a universal testing machine. KH readings were done with a diamond indenter. STs were examined by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Data were analyzed with ANOVA and Tukey test (p<0.05). The Spearman rank test was used to evaluate the dependence between the MPs and ST results. The highest MP values were EF, GL2, GL9, GI and KM and the lowest for MG, MA, B, VF and IM. The longest ST was for GL2 and the shortest was for B. ST correlated positively with MP. GICs with longer chemical bonds ST are generally stronger and the ST value obtained from FTIR was useful in predicting the strength of GICs tested.


Assuntos
Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Autocura de Resinas Dentárias/métodos , Análise de Variância , Força Compressiva , Resistência à Flexão , Testes de Dureza , Teste de Materiais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Resistência à Tração , Fatores de Tempo
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