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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(34): 2681-2686, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505719

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the phenomenon of small airway epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in patients with normal pulmonary function and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who received surgical treatment for lung tumors. Methods: In this study, 52 patients undergoing surgical treatment for lung tumors admitted to the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University were included from January 2018 to January 2019. According to the preoperative pulmonary function and smoking history, patients were divided into group A (non-smoking with normal pulmonary function group, 15 patients), group B (smoking with normal pulmonary function group, 21 patients), group C (COPD stable phase group, 16 patients). HE staining was performed to observe the pathological changes in small airway and lung tissue. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the localization and expression of E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and Vimentin in small airway. Western blot was used to detect the levels of E-cadherin, α-SMA and Vimentin. Results: (1) There were no significant differences in age, gender, and the ratio of disease composition among the three groups (P>0.05), but forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV(1)) as percentage of predicted value (FEV(1)%pred) and FEV(1)/forced vital capacity (FEV(1)/FVC) in group C were lower than those in groups A and B (all P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between group A and group B (P>0.05); (2) the bronchial wall thickness in group B and group C were higher than that of group A [(32.4±2.4) and (54.6±4.9) vs (22.4±2.2) µm], and group C was significantly higher than group B (P=0.003); (3) the expression levels of E-cadherin in the epithelial cells of small airway in group B and group C were lower than those in group A (0.021±0.008 and 0.018±0.007 vs 0.062±0.010) (all P<0.05), while the levels of mesenchymal cell markers such as α-SMA and Vimentin in group B and group C were higher than group A, and group C was higher than group B (α-SMA: 0.641±0.113, 0.780±0.133 vs 0.404±0.123; Vimentin: 0.064±0.033, 0.083±0.022 vs 0.030±0.021) (P=0.002 and P=0.003). Conclusion: In patients undergoing surgical treatment of lung tumors, there is EMT in the small airways of patients with COPD, and EMT has occurred in the small airways of smokers with normal pulmonary function.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Humanos , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/cirurgia , Testes de Função Respiratória
3.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(8): e8671, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389492

RESUMO

Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a neural tube defect that often causes spinal cord injury at the thoracolumbar region, as well as sensory and motor paralysis in the lower limbs. This leads to continuous use of a wheelchair and, consequently, a sedentary lifestyle, predisposition to muscle weakness, cardiovascular and respiratory disorders, obesity, and structural alterations in the spine. We assessed the respiratory function and shoulder strength of MMC participants who were wheelchair-users and had no respiratory complaints and compared them to healthy children and adolescents. MMC (n=10) and healthy (n=25) participants of both genders with a mean age of 12.45 years (SD=2.1) were assessed for weight, height, respiratory performance, and isometric peak for shoulder flexors, extensors, abductors, and adductors, using an isokinetic dynamometer. Medullary lesion, functional levels, and abnormal curvatures of the spine were assessed for MMC participants. The level of spinal cord injury for the majority of the MMC participants was high lumbar and they had scoliosis. MMC showed lower values for forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume at the first second, forced expiratory flow (25-75%), maximal voluntary ventilation, and isometric peak for shoulder flexors and adductors compared to healthy participants. This indicated a decreased vital capacity, respiratory muscle endurance, and shoulder muscle strength.


Assuntos
Volume Expiratório Forçado/fisiologia , Meningomielocele/fisiopatologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia , Cadeiras de Rodas , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dados Preliminares , Testes de Função Respiratória
4.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 46(3): e20192231, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432985

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate a new operative technique for the treatment of advanced pulmonary emphysema. METHODS: we conducted a prospective analysis of nine patients with severe pulmonary emphysema submitted to pneumostomy. The procedure was performed under local anesthesia, in the anterior thoracic wall, hemiclavicular line, in the second intercostal space, through an anterior thoracotomy of 5cm for access to the upper lobe, whose anterior segment was pinched and fixed to the parietal pleura. We carried out the pneumostomy with electrocautery and blunt insertion of an intrapulmonary drain. To assess the procedure, we performed pulmonary function tests, imaging tests, six-minute walk test, and applied quality of life questionnaires, all measured preoperatively and 30 days after the procedure. RESULTS: no deaths occurred related to the procedure. Imaging studies showed a decrease in lung volume. The pulmonary function showed a significant reduction in the residual volume. The six-minute walk test showed an increase in the distance covered in the postoperative period. There was significant improvement of the quality of life as demonstrated through questionnaires Medical Outcomes Study 36 Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), Saint-George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), Medical Research Council scale (MRC), and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance status (ECOG). CONCLUSION: the proposed technique is feasible, safe, easy to perform and to maintain.


Assuntos
Pneumonectomia/métodos , Enfisema Pulmonar/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Testes de Função Respiratória , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 32(2): e1439, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460599

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominal disorders can alter respiratory function and increase the morbidity and mortality of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. AIM: To improve the physiotherapeutic and muscular capacity in chronic obstructive pulmonary muscular inspiration in the preoperative preparation in abdominal surgeries. METHOD: Retrospective and documentary study using SINPE © , clinical database software of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and candidates to abdominal operation. The sample consisted of 100 men aged 55-70 years, all with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who underwent preoperative physiotherapeutic treatment. They were divided into two groups of 50 individuals (group A and group B). In group A the patients were treated with modern mobility techniques for bronchial clearance and the strengthening of the respiratory muscles was performed with IMT ® Threshold. In group B the treatment performed for bronchial obstruction was with classic maneuvers and for the strengthening of the respiratory muscles for flow incentive was used Respiron ® . RESULTS: Both groups obtained improvement in the values ​​of the PiMáx after the different treatments. Group A obtained greater change in the intervals and a more significant increase of the values of the PiMax in relation to the average pre and post-treatment. However, when analyzing the variance and the standard deviation of the samples, group B presented the best results showing more homogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: The modern and traditional bronchial clearance techniques associated with inspiratory muscle training were equally effective in gaining inspiratory muscle strength with increased Pmax. In this way, the two can be used in the preoperative preparation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and referred to abdominal operations.


Assuntos
Exercícios Respiratórios/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Músculos Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/reabilitação , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Software , Espirometria
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16596, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393359

RESUMO

We explored the effects of smoking and exercise on pulmonary function (PF) in young adults.This was a 2-year, prospective cross-sectional study on university students. We recorded age, gender, weight, height, pulmonary symptoms, smoking status, and sports habits. Spirometry was used to evaluate lung function; we recorded the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), the forced vital capacity (FVC), and the FEV1/FVC ratio.A total of 1014 (552 female, 464 male) subjects were included. Smokers reported significantly more wheezing and sputum production than nonsmokers, but exhibited better FVC and FEV1 values. Those who smoked less than half a pack/d had significantly poorer FVC and FEV1 levels than nonsmokers. Smokers exhibited significantly lower FEV1/FVC ratios than nonsmokers. Overall, those who exercised exhibited better FEV1 and FVC levels, but this was attributable entirely to females.The spirometric percentile data were adjusted for gender, age, and height, and used as indicators of health status (good: >90: average: 25-90, poor <25). ln males, PF was associated with regular exercise (good: 7.8, average: 6.5, poor: 14.2, P = .02). The smoking rate was higher in the "good" group (males: good: 31.3, average: 30, poor: 17.9, P = .02/females: good: 22.4, average: 17.9, poor: 10.4, P = .02).On multivariate regression analysis, above-average PF test results were associated with age (1.32 [1.04-1.69]) and exercising at least once per week (4.06 [1.16-14.20]) in males. In females, above-average results were associated with irregular exercise (2.88 [1.36-6.09]), age (1.85 [1.44-2.37]), and exercising until palpitations developed (0.18 [0.04-0.88]).Smoking improves lung function in young adults; these are "healthy smokers." Physical activity did not improve lung function, but the absence of physical activity significantly worsened lung function.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Sons Respiratórios/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Esportes/fisiologia , Escarro/metabolismo , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
7.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(8): e8513, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365695

RESUMO

Phenotypic differences have been described between patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) and SSc-associated pulmonary hypertension, including performance differences in the 6-min walk test (6MWT). Moreover, the correlations between the 6MWT and traditional pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are weak, indicating the need to search for new parameters that explain exercise performance. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the impact of ventilation distribution heterogeneity assessed by the nitrogen single-breath washout (N2SBW) test and peripheral muscle dysfunction on the exercise capacity in patients with SSc-ILD and limited involvement of the pulmonary parenchyma. In this cross-sectional study, 20 women with SSc-ILD and 20 matched controls underwent PFTs (including spirometry, diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLco), and the N2SBW test) and performed the 6MWT and knee isometric dynamometry. The 6-min walking distance (6MWD, % predicted) was strongly correlated with the phase III slope of the single-breath nitrogen washout (phase III slopeN2SBW) (r=-0.753, P<0.0001) and reasonably correlated with the forced vital capacity (FVC) (r=0.466, P=0.008) and DLco (r=0.398, P=0.011). The peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) during exercise was not significantly correlated with any of the pulmonary or muscle function parameters. The phase III slopeN2SBW was the only predictive variable for the 6MWD, whereas quadriceps strength and FVC/DLco were predictive variables for SpO2. Ventilation distribution heterogeneity is one factor that contributes to a lower 6MWD in SSc-ILD patients. In addition, muscle dysfunction and abnormal lung diffusion at least partly explain the decreased SpO2 of these patients.


Assuntos
Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/fisiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Medidas de Volume Pulmonar/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ventilação Pulmonar , Doença de Raynaud/complicações , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia , Teste de Caminhada/métodos
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e17002, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by published meta-analyses. However, disease outcomes were inconsistent and heterogeneity was observed attributed to placebo-controlled studies. We present a protocol for a systematic review aiming to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of CHM comparing to placebo in the treatment of stable COPD, to provide robust evidence for the use of CHM in COPD. METHODS: We will comprehensively search the following 9 databases from inception to March 2019: Web of Science, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WANFANG Database, Chinese Scientific and Technological Periodical Database (VIP) and Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), and the Cochrane Library database. All clinical randomized controlled trials comparing CHM to placebo for the treatment of stable COPD in English or Chinese will be included. The primary outcome will be quality of life, symptom score and exacerbation frequency, and the secondary outcomes include traditional Chinese medicine syndrome score and effective rate, lung function, 6-minute walk distance, and adverse events. Data extraction and quality assessment will be performed independently by 2 reviewers. Data synthesis and risk of bias will be assessed using the Review Manager software. This protocol will be conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidance. RESULTS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will provide a high-quality comprehensive evaluation of the efficacy and safety based on current literature evidence of CHM intervention for stable COPD. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this study will present the evidence of whether CHM is an effective and safe intervention for stable COPD patients.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Testes de Função Respiratória , Teste de Caminhada
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e17053, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world and has become a serious public health problem. Combination therapy has become the first choice for clinical treatment of bronchial asthma. In addition to the combined use of routine medication, traditional Chinese medicine as an adjuvant therapy is also considered. Xiaoqinglong Decoction (XQLD) is an effective prescription of traditional Chinese medicine in treating asthma, and there are more and more clinical reports about its combination with western medicine in treating asthma. Therefore, we designed this study protocol to evaluate the adjuvant role of XQLD in the treatment of bronchial asthma. METHOD: The following electronic databases will be systematically searched from inception to April 2019: PubMed, EMBASE database, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang, Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP), and China Biology Medicine disc, (CBM). And the following primary outcomes will be tested, including effective rate (ER), pulmonary function (FEV1, PEF, FEV1/FVC), adverse reactions (AR). RevMan5 software will be used for literature quality evaluation and stata14.0 software will be used for data synthesis and analysis. RESULT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Xiaoqinglong decoction in combination therapy by observing the outcomes of efficacy, adverse reactions and pulmonary function. CONCLUSION: This study protocol will be used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of XQLD in combination with conventional drugs in the treatment of bronchial asthma, as well as the adjuvant role of XQLD in combination. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019133549.


Assuntos
Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Testes de Função Respiratória
10.
Univ. salud ; 21(2): 119-126, mayo-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1004849

RESUMO

Resumen Introducción: Los cambios fisiológicos asociados al envejecimiento generan una serie de modificaciones funcionales, destacando una disminución en la capacidad respiratoria. En este sentido, una estrategia alternativa para mejorar tal condición podría ser el entrenamiento de la musculatura inspiratoria (EMI). Objetivo: Analizar el efecto del EMI con válvula umbral, sobre la capacidad funcional en mujeres físicamente activas mayores de 60 años. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un EMI con válvula umbral durante 4 semanas, sobre un grupo experimental (GE; n:10), contrastado con un grupo control (GC; n:5). Se valoraron las siguientes variables hemodinámicas y antropométricas: peso, talla, índice de masa corporal (IMC), lactato, doble producto y capacidad funcional, analizando los cambios pre y post entrenamiento. Resultados: en el grupo GE disminuye post intervención la concentración de lactato y la escala de percepción del esfuerzo; 3,16±0,51 a 2,5±0,39 y 5,56 ± 1,81 a 4±2, respectivamente. En el mismo grupo se incrementan los valores de presión inspiratoria máxima (Pimáx) post intervención; 42,11±14,57 a 60,44±14,47. El GC no presentó cambios en sus valores. Conclusión: No se evidencian cambios favorables en los metros recorridos post intervención, sin embargo, el EMI mostró una disminución sobre la concentración de lactato post ejercicio, lo que podría identificar un retraso en la aparición de la fatiga.


Abstract Introduction: Physiological changes associated with aging generate a series of functional modifications, mainly a decrease in respiratory capacity. In this regard, an alternative strategy to improve such a condition could be inspiratory muscle training (IMT). Objective: To analyze the effect of IMT with threshold valve on the functional capacity of physically active women who are older than 60 years of age. Materials and methods: IMT with threshold valve was carried out over a period of 4 weeks, comparing data from the experimental group (GE; n:10) to the control group (GC; n:5). The following hemodynamic and anthropometric variables were assessed: weight, height, body mass index (BMI), lactate, double product (DP) and functional capacity. Pre and post training changes were evaluated. Results: The GE group showed a decrease in both post-intervention lactate concentration (from 3.16±0.51 to 2.5±0.39) and effort perception scale (from 5.56 ± 1.81 to 4±2). On the other hand, this group experienced a post-intervention increase in maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) from 42.11±14.57 to 60.44±14.47. The GC group did not present changes in its values. Conclusion: Although no evidence was found regarding favorable changes in the walked distance post-intervention, IMT induced a reduction in post-exercise lactate concentration, which could indicate a delay of onset of fatigue.


Assuntos
Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso , Pressões Respiratórias Máximas , Testes de Função Respiratória , Exercícios Respiratórios , Ácido Láctico
11.
JAMA ; 322(6): 546-556, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408135

RESUMO

Importance: While air pollutants at historical levels have been associated with cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, it is not known whether exposure to contemporary air pollutant concentrations is associated with progression of emphysema. Objective: To assess the longitudinal association of ambient ozone (O3), fine particulate matter (PM2.5), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and black carbon exposure with change in percent emphysema assessed via computed tomographic (CT) imaging and lung function. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Air and Lung Studies conducted in 6 metropolitan regions of the United States, which included 6814 adults aged 45 to 84 years recruited between July 2000 and August 2002, and an additional 257 participants recruited from February 2005 to May 2007, with follow-up through November 2018. Exposures: Residence-specific air pollutant concentrations (O3, PM2.5, NOx, and black carbon) were estimated by validated spatiotemporal models incorporating cohort-specific monitoring, determined from 1999 through the end of follow-up. Main Outcomes and Measures: Percent emphysema, defined as the percent of lung pixels less than -950 Hounsfield units, was assessed up to 5 times per participant via cardiac CT scan (2000-2007) and equivalent regions on lung CT scans (2010-2018). Spirometry was performed up to 3 times per participant (2004-2018). Results: Among 7071 study participants (mean [range] age at recruitment, 60 [45-84] years; 3330 [47.1%] were men), 5780 were assigned outdoor residential air pollution concentrations in the year of their baseline examination and during the follow-up period and had at least 1 follow-up CT scan, and 2772 had at least 1 follow-up spirometric assessment, over a median of 10 years. Median percent emphysema was 3% at baseline and increased a mean of 0.58 percentage points per 10 years. Mean ambient concentrations of PM2.5 and NOx, but not O3, decreased substantially during follow-up. Ambient concentrations of O3, PM2.5, NOx, and black carbon at study baseline were significantly associated with greater increases in percent emphysema per 10 years (O3: 0.13 per 3 parts per billion [95% CI, 0.03-0.24]; PM2.5: 0.11 per 2 µg/m3 [95% CI, 0.03-0.19]; NOx: 0.06 per 10 parts per billion [95% CI, 0.01-0.12]; black carbon: 0.10 per 0.2 µg/m3 [95% CI, 0.01-0.18]). Ambient O3 and NOx concentrations, but not PM2.5 concentrations, during follow-up were also significantly associated with greater increases in percent emphysema. Ambient O3 concentrations, but not other pollutants, at baseline and during follow-up were significantly associated with a greater decline in forced expiratory volume in 1 second per 10 years (baseline: 13.41 mL per 3 parts per billion [95% CI, 0.7-26.1]; follow-up: 18.15 mL per 3 parts per billion [95% CI, 1.59-34.71]). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study conducted between 2000 and 2018 in 6 US metropolitan regions, long-term exposure to ambient air pollutants was significantly associated with increasing emphysema assessed quantitatively using CT imaging and lung function.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Pulmão/fisiologia , Enfisema Pulmonar , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Carbono/efeitos adversos , Carbono/análise , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/efeitos adversos , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/análise , Ozônio/efeitos adversos , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise , Enfisema Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Enfisema Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Ann Hematol ; 98(9): 2103-2110, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267177

RESUMO

Childhood leukaemia survivors (CLS) are known to have developed long-term impairment of lung function. The reasons for that complication are only partially known. The aims of this study were to assess pulmonary function in CLS and identify (1) risk factors and (2) clinical manifestations for the impairment of airflow and lung diffusion. The study group included 74 CLS: 46 treated with chemotherapy alone (HSCT-), 28 with chemotherapy and haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT+), and 84 healthy subjects (control group (CG)). Spirometry and diffusion limit of carbon monoxide (DLCO) tests were performed in all subjects. Ten (14%) survivors had restrictive, five (7%) had obstructive pattern, and 47 (66%) had reduced DLCO. The age at diagnosis, type of transplant, and type of conditioning regimen did not significantly affect the pulmonary function tests. The DLCO%pv were lower in CLS than in CG (p < 0.03) and in the HSCT+ than in the HSCT- survivors (p < 0.05). The pulmonary infection increased the risk of diffusion impairment (OR 5.1, CI 1.16-22.9, p = 0.019). DLCO was reduced in survivors who experienced CMV lung infection (p < 0.001). The main symptom of impaired lung diffusion was poor tolerance of exercise (p < 0.005). The lower lung diffusion capacity is the most frequent abnormality in CLS. HSCT and pulmonary infection, in particular with CMV infection, are strong risk factors for impairment of lung diffusion capacity in CLS. Clinical manifestation of DLCO impairment is poor exercise tolerance. A screening for respiratory abnormalities in CLS seems to be of significant importance.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia/fisiopatologia , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Testes de Função Respiratória
13.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(3): 289-295, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evaluation of physical fitness is important to determine workloads and to assess the effectiveness of exercise interventions in obese people. AIM: To determine the maximum aerobic power output (MAPO) in overweight and obese individuals and to establish reference parameters for the Chilean population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred five men and 218 women performed a cycle ergometer test up to 85% of their maximum heart rate. MAPO was determined by linear extrapolation of the theoretical maximum heart rate. RESULTS: Among men, MAPO values were 234.9 ± 48.4 w for body mass index (BMI) values between 30 and 34.9 kg/m2, 235.1 ± 69.7 w for BMI between 35 and 39.9 kg/m2, 270.2 ± 86.5 w for BMI over 40 kg/m2. MAPO relative values were 2.27 ± 0.5, 2.16 ± 0.6 and 1.96 ± 0.8 w/kg, respectively. Among women, MAPO was 172.6 ± 36.1 w for a BMI < 30 kg/m2, 169.2 ± 39.4 w for BMI between 30 and 34.9 kg/m2, 179.5 ± 48.8 w f179.5 ± 48.8 w for BMI between 35 and 39.9 kg/m2 and 202.3 ± 57.3 w for BMI of 40 kg/m2 or over. The relative values were 2.33 ± 0.5; 2.02 ± 0.5; 1.91 ± 0.5 and 1.81 ± 0.5 w / kg (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MAPO estimation with a cycle ergometer test is well tolerated in overweight and obese individuals. MAPO decreased along with BMI increments in women. No association between BMI and MAPO in men was observed.


Assuntos
Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Consumo de Oxigênio , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Chile , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aptidão Física , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Ann Hematol ; 98(9): 2187-2195, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273420

RESUMO

Organizing pneumonia (OP) is a poorly understood complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). We identified 15 patients diagnosed with OP following HSCT and described their clinical course. CT chest findings were remarkable for multifocal infiltrates that were predominantly consolidating or ground glass opacities. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed on 14 patients with five having lymphocytosis (> 25% lymphocytes), three with eosinophilia (> 5% eosinophils), three with neutrophilia (> 30% neutrophils), and three with normal cell counts. Flow cytometry was analyzed on BAL fluid in 13 patients with 11 having a CD4/CD8 of < 0.9. Initial treatment with 0.3-1.0 mg/kg prednisone resulted in improvement in symptoms, in radiographic findings, and in pulmonary function testing for the majority of patients. Six patients had recurrence of OP after completing treatment. Eleven patients had evidence of extra-pulmonary graft-versus-host disease prior to diagnosis of OP, and seven patients were diagnosed with an upper respiratory tract infection (URI) within 8 weeks of OP diagnosis. Most patients respond well to prednisone with significant improvement in pulmonary function, but risk of recurrence is high after cessation of steroid treatment. Risk factors for the development of OP may include prior URI.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Pulmão , Pneumonia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Idoso , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Eosinofilia/diagnóstico por imagem , Eosinofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Eosinofilia/fisiopatologia , Eosinófilos , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos , Pneumonia/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Respiratória
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16303, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335676

RESUMO

To investigate the incidence, outcomes, and risk factors of postoperative acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in patients undergoing surgical repair for acute type A aortic dissection.This retrospective study involved 270 patients who underwent surgical repair for acute type A aortic dissection between January 2009 and December 2015. Data on clinical characteristics and outcomes were collected. Patients who immediately died after surgery and with preoperative myocardial dysfunction were excluded. The included patients were divided into the ARDS (ARDS patients who met the Berlin definition) and non-ARDS groups. Primary outcome was postoperative ARDS, according to the 2012 Berlin definition for ARDS and was reviewed by 2 qualified physicians with expertise in critical care and cardiac surgery. Outcomes of interest were the incidence and severity of risk factors for ARDS in this population, and perioperative outcomes and survival rates were compared with patients with or without ARDS.A total of 233 adult patients were enrolled into this study; of these, 37 patients (15.9%) had ARDS. Three, 20, and 14 patients had mild, moderate, and severe ARDS, respectively, according to the Berlin definition, with no significant difference in age, sex, and underlying disease. The ARDS group had lower mean oxygenation index (OI) than the non-ARDS group in the first 3 days post-surgery and demonstrated an improvement in lung function after the fourth day. Postoperative complication risks were higher in the ARDS group than in the non-ARDS group. However, no significant difference was observed in in-hospital mortality between the 2 groups (10.8% vs 5.6%, P = .268). Additionally, there was also no significant difference in the 3-year mortality rate between the 2 groups (P of log-rank test = .274). Postoperative hemoglobin level (odds ratio [OR]: 0.78; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.62-0.99) and perioperative blood transfusion volume (OR: 1.07; 95% CI: 1.03-1.12) were associated with ARDS risk.Postoperative ARDS after type A aortic dissection repair surgery was associated with risks of postoperative complications but not with risk of in-hospital mortality or 3-year mortality. A higher perioperative blood transfusion volume and a lower postoperative hemoglobin level may be risk factors for ARDS.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico , Transfusão de Sangue , Hemoglobinas/análise , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Gasometria/métodos , Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Críticos , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/sangue , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/etiologia , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/mortalidade , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16325, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348231

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The morbidity of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) was found in an increasing trend, progressive worsening of symptoms and deterioration in lung function tend to trigger off a lower quality of life (QoL). Only pirfenidone and nintedanib have been recommended in the guidelines, which can modify the disease process. However, no evidence was verified to significantly alleviate the main clinical manifestations of IPF. At present, Chinese herbal formula (CHF) is widely prescribed as an adjunct to western medicine to treat the disease, and have shown promising benefits on clinical symptoms and QoL. There are mainly 3 Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) treatment methods guiding the composition of CHFs, which are devoting to comfort the common symptoms of IPF. Nevertheless, the paucity of direct comparative evidence of them posed a challenge for clinicians to determine the relative merits options. Therefore, we formulate this protocol, which is described for a systematic review to investigate relative advantages among different TCM treatment method and provide more reliable evidence for clinical decision-making. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic literature search will be employed in 10 electronic databases. Inclusion criteria are randomized control trials of CHFs composed based on the 3 TCM treatment methods, which act as an adjuvant treatment with routine drugs, compared with routine drugs alone. The primary outcomes we focus on include St George's Hospital Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) scores, TCM symptom (dyspnea, cough) scores. The research screening, data extraction, and methodological quality assessment will be conducted by 2 individuals separately, and dispute will be adjudicated by a third senior reviewer. We will employ network meta-analysis (NMA) in a Bayesian framework with vague priors and the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) to obtain the comprehensive rank for the 3 TCM treatment methods. RESULTS: This systematic review will provide an evidence of CHFs composed under the guidance by 3 TCM treatment methods with routine drugs, compared with routine drugs alone for IPF, and will submit to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this systematic review will provide evidence for relative advantages among the 3 TCM treatment methods.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Acetilcisteína/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Teorema de Bayes , Quimioterapia Combinada , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Meta-Análise em Rede , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Testes de Função Respiratória , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327197

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the overweight and obesity effects on pulmonary function in OSA patients.Method:Randomly selected 90 cases OSA patients who were treated January 2017 to December 2017. On the basis of BMI were divided into three groups, the normal OSA group(A,30 cases), overweight OSA group(B,30 cases) and obesity OSA group(C,30 cases). Comparative analysis between groups of age, AHI, lowest arterial saturation oxygen(LSaO2), the longest apnea time(LAD) and pulmonary function indicators include: a second volume(FEV1),forced vital capacity(FVC), FEV1/FVC,the chase volume(MVV), per minute resting ventilation(MV), peak expiratory flow velocity(PEF),tidal volume(VT), the residual gas volume(RV), functional residual capacity(FRC) and expiratory reserve volume volume(ERV), total lung volume(TLC) vital capacity(VC), deep inspiratory capacity(IC), RV/TLC. Result:Compared group C with B and A, B and A, AHI increased significantly(P<0.01); compared group C with B and A, LSaO2 significantly reduced(P<0.01); compared group C with A, LAD is prolonged(P<0.05).Compared group C with A, MVV, MV, TLC and IC increased significantly(P<0.05), FRC, ERV significantly reduced(P<0.05); compared C with B, MVV, MV and TLC increased significantly(P<0.05). Compared group B with A,MVV,MV,MEF75,ERV and IC increased significantly(P<0.05); AHI and VT,RV,TLC and FRC has significant positive correlation(P<0.05), and VT, MVV and FEV1/FVC has significant negative correlation(P<0.05);LAD with BMI,VC,FVC,FEV1,MEF50,PEF and MVV is a significant positive correlation(P<0.05).FEV1/FVC, IC is the independence of overweight and obesity OSA severe impact factor. Conclusion:With the increasing of BMI, not only increase the severity of OSA, and further damage to the pulmonary function; the OSA severity of overweight and obesity are closely associated with multiple pulmonary function index; FEV1% FVC, IC for overweight and obesity independent factor influencing the severity of OSA. Pulmonary function can be used as overweight and obesity auxiliary to assess the severity of OSA patients.


Assuntos
Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Obesidade/complicações , Sobrepeso/complicações , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Testes de Função Respiratória , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/complicações , Capacidade Vital
19.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 14(2): 105-110, jul. 2019. graf, ilust, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015136

RESUMO

Spirometry is better pulmonary function test for evaluating preschoolers with chronic lung disease and recurrent wheeze. It is useful, accessible and very good performance. For a correct interpretation it must be under the conditions specially controlled for this age group. In this review, product of the work done during the year 2018, by the Committee on pulmonary function in pediatric pulmonology Chilean society, will be showcased aspects for the realization and interpretation of spirometry in preschool children, with emphasis on the differences in the criteria typically described for older children and adults.


La espirometría es la prueba de función pulmonar más adecuada para evaluar a preescolares con enfermedades pulmonares crónicas y sibilancias recurrentes. Es útil, accesible y de buen rendimiento. Para una correcta interpretación debe realizarse bajo las condiciones especialmente normadas para este grupo etario. En esta revisión, producto del trabajo realizado durante el año 2018, por la comisión de función pulmonar de la sociedad Chilena de Neumología Pediátrica, se expondrán los aspectos actualizados para la realización e interpretación de la espirometría en preescolares, con énfasis en las diferencias de los criterios clásicamente descritos para niños mayores y adultos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Espirometria/métodos , Testes de Função Respiratória , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Capacidade Vital , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Fibrose Cística/diagnóstico , Fibrose Cística/fisiopatologia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumopatias/fisiopatologia
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