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1.
Enferm. intensiva (Ed. impr.) ; 30(4): 154-162, oct.-dic. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184479

RESUMO

Objetivo: Analizar el manejo intraquirúrgico y los resultados posquirúrgicos asociados a la extubación temprana en los pacientes sometidos a cirugía reparadora de tetralogía de Fallot en un hospital público argentino. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de los expedientes clínicos de los pacientes a quienes se les practicó cirugía para corrección de tetralogía de Fallot. Se incluyeron en el análisis un total de 38 expedientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión establecidos en el protocolo para la revisión retrospectiva. Resultados: El 16% fue extubado de manera temprana. Milrinona fue la única droga que mostró diferencias en los pacientes a quienes se extubó de manera temprana (p = 0,01). El tiempo de circulación extracorpórea, el de clampaje aórtico, la transfusión con crioprecipitados, la saturación de la presión de oxígeno, y el hematocrito al finalizar el procedimiento quirúrgico no evidenciaron diferencias (p > 0,05). En el período posquirúrgico, la estadía en UTI fue más corta en los pacientes que fueron extubados de manera temprana (p = 0,0007), pero no hubo diferencias en la estadía hospitalaria total (p = 0,26). Conclusiones: La extubación temprana en la institución si bien resultó de baja frecuencia ha demostrado ser una alternativa segura y eficaz para disminuir la estancia en UTI de estos pacientes


Objective: To assess surgical management and postoperative results associated with early extubation in patients undergoing tetralogy of Fallot corrective surgery at a public hospital in Argentina. Methods: A retrospective review was made from clinical records from patients who underwent corrective surgery for tetralogy of Fallot. A total of 38 clinical records that met the inclusion criteria for the retrospective review were included in the analysis. Results: 16% were extubated early. Milrinone was the only drug that showed differences in patients who were extubated early (p = 0.01). Extracorporeal circulation time, aortic clamping time, transfusion with cryoprecipitates, saturation of oxygen pressure, and haematocrit at the end of the surgical procedure showed no differences (p > .05). In the postoperative period, the ICU stay was shorter for the patients who were extubated early (p = 0.0007), but there were no differences in the total hospital stay (p = 0.26). Conclusions: Early extubation in the institution, although found to be low frequency, has proved as a safe and effective alternative to shorten these patients’ stay in ICU


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Extubação/instrumentação , Extubação/tendências , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/enfermagem , Monitorização Intraoperatória/enfermagem , Hospitais Públicos , Argentina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Circulação Extracorpórea/enfermagem , Tempo de Internação , Serviço Hospitalar de Anestesia/organização & administração , Anestesia Endotraqueal/enfermagem , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/enfermagem , Transtornos de Deglutição/prevenção & controle
2.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 31(3): 383-387, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary repair of ToF between 3-12 months is the preferred mode of treatment worldwide, with low surgical mortality. This study reviews our experience of ToF repair in infancy and its short and midterm outcomes in a single centre from a developing country. METHODS: Data of all patients with Tetralogy of Fallot repair during infancy from January 2007 to Feb 2018 was reviewed. Preoperative, operative, and postoperative data was analysed. Outcome of the infants was assessed through discharge/death, low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS), prolonged intubation, duration of cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) and hospital stay. RESULTS: Forty-four patients who underwent TOF repair in infancy during this period were included. The mean age and weight were 9.39±2.32 and 7.20±1.30 respectively, 77.3% (34 patients) were male, 68.18% (30 patients) had saturation >75%. Mean intubation period was 4.05±6.58 days, 12 (27.3%) patients developed LCOS, mean cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time, aortic cross clamp (ACC) time and ionotropic score were 133.52±62.4, 98.66±58.62 and 33.27±71.13 respectively. Mean CICU and hospital stay was 6.60±7.18 and 12.05±7.74 respectively. Five (11.3%) patients expired in postoperative period. Baseline saturation ≤75% is independent risk factor for LCOS and prolong intubation period. In the last six years our mortality decreased to 8% from 15.7% during the previous six years, while our mean intubation duration, CPB time, ACC, hospital stay and CICU stay have all shown improvement. CONCLUSIONS: TOF repair during infancy is safe procedure in expert hands with acceptable morbidity and mortality. Baseline saturation ≤75% is independent risk factor for LCOS and prolonged intubation period. Last six years have shown considerable improvement in our surgical morbidity and mortality due to improvement in surgical expertise.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Tetralogia de Fallot , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Países em Desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tetralogia de Fallot/mortalidade , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(7): 1530-1535, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401720

RESUMO

The timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) in asymptomatic patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is typically based on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging-derived ventricular volume measurements. Current criteria do not account for sex-based differences in chamber size. The purpose of this study was to compare male and female ventricular volumes and function in TOF patients with a hypothesis that females are less likely to meet common-indexed right ventricular end-diastolic volume (RVEDVi) and right ventricular end-systolic volume (RVESVi) criteria for PVR. Cardiac magnetic resonance data from 17 females (age 31.7 ± 15.4 years) and 23 males (30.7 ± 15.4 years) with TOF were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic and imaging data were recorded. Differences in sex-based means and standard deviations were evaluated using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test with continuity correction. Age and pulmonary regurgitant fraction were similar in females and males. RVEDVi was lower in females than in males, but the difference was not statistically significant. Differences in RVESVi, LVEDVi, LVESVi, and left ventricular ejection fraction were statistically significant, while the difference in right ventricular ejection fraction was not. RVEDVi was greater than 150 mL/m2 in 3/17 (17.6%) females and 10/23 (43.5%) males (OR 3.6). RVESVi was greater than 82 mL/m2 in 2/17 females and 8/23 males (OR 4.0). Sex-specific differences in right ventricular and left ventricular volumes and function are present in patients with TOF despite similar pulmonary regurgitation. These differences may need to be considered when evaluating patients for PVR.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Tetralogia de Fallot , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Volume Sistólico , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 122-132, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384375

RESUMO

Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) dysfunction is common following surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot and other forms of complex congenital heart disease. This results in pulmonary stenosis or regurgitation and may ultimately lead to RV failure and dysrhythmias. Transcatheter valve technologies are now available to treat certain patients with RVOT dysfunction. Current devices include the Medtronic Melody valve and the Edwards Lifesciences SAPIEN XT. Although these valves are approved for use in dysfunctional circumferential RVOT conduits, they are increasingly being used off label for nonconduit outflow tracts. Procedural complications include but are not limited to conduit rupture and coronary compression. Longer-term complications include stent fracture and endocarditis. Outcomes with these valves have demonstrated durable relief of stenosis and regurgitation. The Medtronic Harmony valve and the Alterra Prestent from Edwards Lifesciences are investigational devices that are intended to treat the patulous RVOT that is too large to accommodate currently available valves. This review will focus on current indications to treat RVOT dysfunction, existing transcatheter valve technologies, and investigational devices undergoing clinical trials. Hopefully, within the not-too-distant future, transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation will be feasible in the vast majority of patients with RVOT dysfunction following surgical repair of congenital heart disease.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/etiologia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/fisiopatologia
6.
Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am ; 31(3): 315-328, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351553

RESUMO

This article discusses the anatomy and physiology of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and TOF variants. Indications for surgical repair, morbidity/mortalities, and surgical repair techniques are also reviewed. The article concludes with review of common postoperative complications and management strategies for arrhythmias, right ventricular dysfunction, low cardiac output, and residual defects.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Enfermagem de Cuidados Críticos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/terapia
7.
Kyobu Geka ; 72(4): 258-262, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266910

RESUMO

Almost 90% of children with congenital heart disease now reach adulthood due to the improved results of cardiac surgery and medical treatment. Among them, one of particular problems is pulmonary valve regurgitation after tetralogy of Fallot repair. About 20 years ago (1996), the mortality of tetralogy of Fallot has already been relatively good at about 5%, but now it is further reduced to about 2%. For this reason, it is conceivable that more and more adult patients with tetralogy of Fallot will increase in the future. Pulmonary valve regurgitation is often caused by the use of transannular patch repair. Surgical indications for pulmonary valve regurgitation include those with decreased exercise tolerance, right ventricular dysfunction, advanced right ventricular enlargement. We examined treatment strategies, valve selection and catheter valve implantation.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar , Valva Pulmonar , Tetralogia de Fallot , Disfunção Ventricular Direita , Seguimentos , Humanos , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 99, 2019 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159878

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is great discussion about non-confluent pulmonary artery (PA) reconstruction, and several materials have been used. Autologous pericardium is considered feasible for infectious resistance, autoimmune response, extensibility, and growth potential. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was born at 39 weeks (body mass = 2550 g). He was diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, non-confluent PA, and bilateral patent ductus arteriosus. Right and left Blalock-Taussig shunts with patent ductus arteriosus ligations were placed on day 27 and 3 months, respectively. At 19 months (8.8 kg), definitive repair was performed with tricuspid valved conduit concurrent with PA reconstruction using an autologous pericardium roll conduit. The autologous pericardium was treated with glutaraldehyde (autologous pericardium fixed with 0.4% glutaraldehyde for 7 min and rolled as conduit - 12 mm in diameter and 30 mm in length). Following an incision on the visceral side of the PAs before the 1st branch, the autologous pericardial roll conduit was anastomosed. Follow-up angiographies on postoperative months 9 and 57 demonstrated that the PA, including the autologous pericardium roll conduit, had spontaneously enlarged. CONCLUSION: Particularly for non-confluent PA, the patients require increased pulmonary beds at an early age because of hypoplastic PA. While size mismatch between the graft and native PA develops as the child grows, size-adjustable extensibility of the PA graft should be noted.


Assuntos
Pericárdio/transplante , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Anormalidades Múltiplas/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/complicações , Permeabilidade do Canal Arterial/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Atresia Pulmonar/complicações , Atresia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo
9.
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 31(4): 847-849, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150827

RESUMO

Tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve syndrome (ToF-APVS) is a rare variant of tetralogy, associated with severe pulmonary valve regurgitation and aneurysmal dilation of the pulmonary arteries (PAs). Reported outcomes after surgical corrections are limited to single center, older series and might not reflect the current outcome. We aim to use data from a national registry to evaluate short- and long-term outcomes after surgical repair of ToF-APVS, to serve for counselling and planning. All children undergoing ToF-APVS repair in the UK between 2002 and 2013 were included. Survival and freedom from reintervention were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and univariable analysis was done using the Weibull regression model. A total of 98 children, 45% male, 10% with DiGeorge syndrome, median age of 213 days (1 day to 13 years) were included. Mortality at 30 days was 3.3%, higher for neonates (6.7% vs 2.7%, P = 0.4) and those on preoperative mechanical ventilatory support (16.7% vs 1.3%, P = 0.04). Survival was 92.1% and freedom from pulmonary valve or conduit replacement (PVR) 73.2% at 10 years. Neonates had worse survival (hazard ratio [HR] 6.2, P = 0.02), freedom from PVR (HR 4.5, P = 0.01), freedom from PAs arterioplasty (HR 6.6, P = 0.001), and overall freedom from any reintervention (HR 5.3, P < 0.001). Low weight at repair was associated with worse freedom from PVR (P = 0.02) and from PAs arterioplasty (P = 0.009), preoperative ventilatory support with increased mortality (P = 0.009), the presence of DiGeorge syndrome was associated with worse freedom from PVR (HR 4, P = 0.02). Surgical repair of ToF-APVS can be performed with low early and late mortality, with improving results even in those with preoperative mechanical ventilatory support. The need for right ventricular outflow tract reintervention, including on the PAs, is an expected issue in the long term for the majority of patients.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Valva Pulmonar/anormalidades , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Adolescente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Auditoria Médica , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Sistema de Registros , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/mortalidade , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Reino Unido
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(8): 1525-1533, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161492

RESUMO

To evaluate the usefulness of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) 3D steady state free precession (SSFP) sequence acquired at end-systole (ES) in repaired Tetralogy of Fallot (rToF) patients eligible for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI). Between 2012 and 2018, 78 rToF patients were selected for pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) according to CMR criteria. CMR protocol included 3D-SSFP sequence used to assess the right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) diameters at three levels (pulmonary valve remnant, mid-portion, bifurcation) in mid-diastole (MD) or ES, RVOT length and coronary artery anatomy. In 20 rToF patients without indications for PVR (controls), 3D SSFP sequence was acquired at both cardiac phases (MD and ES) to evaluate RVOT dimension throughout the cardiac cycle. Invasive balloon sizing was recorded in patients undergoing PPVI. The 3D-SSFP sequence was performed in MD on 39 patients and in ES on other 39, of whom 26 patients met the criteria for PPVI. The latter was unsuccessful in ten patients (38%), mainly due (80% of cases) to significant size discrepancy at PV remnant and bifurcation levels (p = 0.019 and 0.037 respectively) between the measurements by 3D-SSFP in MD and those by the balloon size in systole. Significant RVOT size difference between MD and ES was present at mid-portion and bifurcation levels in the PVR candidate group, and at all three-levels in the control group (all p < 0.001). ES 3D-SSFP sequence is able to quantify RVOT dilation in rToF patients at its maximum expansion, thus improving selection of PPVI candidates.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Hemodinâmica , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Circulação Pulmonar , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Adolescente , Valvuloplastia com Balão , Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(6): 1105-1112, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214731

RESUMO

Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) is one of the most common cyanotic congenital heart defects. We sought to summarize all available data regarding the epidemiology and perioperative outcomes of syndromic ToF patients. A PRISMA-compliant systematic literature review of PubMed and Cochrane Library was performed. Twelve original studies were included. The incidence of syndromic ToF was 15.3% (n = 549/3597). The most prevalent genetic syndromes were 22q11.2 deletion (47.8%; 95% CI 43.4-52.2) and trisomy 21 (41.9%; 95% CI 37.7-46.3). Complete surgical repair was performed in 75.2% of the patients (n = 161/214; 95% CI 69.0-80.1) and staged repair in 24.8% (n = 53/214; 95 CI 19.4-30.9). Relief of RVOT obstruction was performed with transannular patch in 64.7% (n = 79/122; 95% CI 55.9-72.7) of the patients, pulmonary valve-sparing technique in 17.2% (n = 21/122; 95% CI 11.5-24.9), and RV-PA conduit in 18.0% (n = 22/122; 95% CI 12.1-25.9). Pleural effusions were the most common postoperative complications (n = 28/549; 5.1%; 95% CI 3.5-7.3). Reoperations were performed in 4.4% (n = 24/549; 95% CI 2.9-6.4) of the patients. All-cause mortality rate was 9.8% (n = 51/521; 95% CI 7.5-12.7). Genetic syndromes are seen in approximately 15% of ToF patients. Long-term survival exceeds 90%, suggesting that surgical management should be dictated by anatomy regardless of genetics.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Síndrome de DiGeorge/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Down/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/epidemiologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/etiologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/genética , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 1603712, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223611

RESUMO

Objectives: To build a guideline for the individual treatment of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with major aortopulmonary collaterals (MAPCAs) and tentatively establish the occlusion index of MAPCAs. Methods: According to the diameter of the aortopulmonary collaterals (R: mm) and the bodyweight of the children (weight: kg), K= ((∑R 2)/Wt) was set as the occlusion index of TOF with MAPCAs. A retrospective study was initially performed in 171 patients who suffered from TOF with MAPCAs and underwent cardiac malformation repair to investigate the intervals of the K value: K≥2, 1

Assuntos
Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Cardiol Young ; 29(5): 684-688, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Residual right ventricular outflow obstruction during Tetralogy of Fallot repair necessitates peri-operative revision often requiring trans-annular patch with its negative sequels. Bidirectional Glenn shunt in this setting reduces trans-pulmonary gradient to avoid revision. METHODS: Bidirectional Glenn shunt was added during Tetralogy repair in patients with significant residual obstruction. A total of 53 patients between January, 2011 and June, 2018 were included. Final follow-up was conducted in July, 2018. RESULTS: Mean age at operation was 5.63±3.1 years. Right to left ventricular pressure ratio reduced significantly (0.91±0.09 versus 0.68±0.05; p<0.001) after bidirectional Glenn, avoiding revision in all cases. Glenn pressures at ICU admission decreased significantly by the time of ICU discharge (16.7±3.02 versus 13.5±2.19; p<0.001). Pleural drainage ≥ 7 days was seen in 14 (26.4%) patients. No side effects related to bidirectional Glenn-like facial swelling or veno-venous collaterals were noted. Mortality was 3.7%. Discharge echocardiography showed a mean trans-pulmonary gradient of 32.11±5.62 mmHg that decreased significantly to 25.64±5 (p<0.001) at the time of follow-up. Pulmonary insufficiency was none to mild in 45 (88.2%) and moderate in 6 (11.8%). Mean follow-up was 36.12±25.15 months (range 0.5-90). There was no interim intervention or death. At follow-up, all the patients were in NYHA functional class 1 with no increase in severity of pulmonary insufficiency. CONCLUSION: Supplementary bidirectional Glenn shunt significantly reduced residual right ventricular outflow obstruction during Tetralogy of Fallot repair avoiding revision with satisfactory early and mid-term results.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Valva Pulmonar/anormalidades , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/complicações , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/complicações , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/congênito , Reoperação , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/complicações
15.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 84, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right ventricular restrictive physiology (RVRP) is a common finding after repair of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). The characteristic feature of RVRP is the presence of a direct end-diastolic flow (EDFF) during atrial contraction in the main pulmonary artery. This end-diastolic forward flow is caused by increased right ventricular end-diastolic pressure due to right ventricular myocardial stiffness and decreased right ventricular compliance. OBJECTIVE: Our main objective is to found out the etiology of RVRP in pediatrics patients who underwent for complete repair of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). METHODS: A total of 50 TOF patients have registered for this study in our hospital from January 2017 to September 2018. The patients were divided in two groups, group A with restrictive physiology and group B without restrictive physiology. The patients selected for this study includes TOF patients, TOF patients with atrial septal defect (ASD), and TOF patients with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Ventricular hypertrophy and right heart enlargement were evaluated by electrocardiogram and echocardiography. The other parameters we used to compare between these two groups were sex, age, weight, cardio pulmonary bypass (CPB) time, aortic cross clamping time, transannular patch, SP02, RV/LV pressure, ventricular hypertrophy, right heart (RH) enlargement, tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), TAPSE/PASP ratio, pulmonary annular diameter, intubation time, PICU stay and hematocrit (HCT). RESULTS: RVRP was identified in 28 patients (58%). Lower SP02 (mean: 84.3 ± 7.9%) with p-value 0.015, transannular patch repair (n = 22, 78.5%) with p-value< 0.001, longer cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (mean: 117.6 ± 23 min) with p-value< 0.001, longer aortic cross clamping time (mean: 91.4 ± 20.26 min) with p-value< 0.001, lower TAPSE, lower PASP,lower TAPSE/PASP ratio and presence of hypertrophy (p-value < 0.001) were identified as etiology for restrictive physiology. It was also found that 77% TOF patients with ASD have a higher risk of RVRP in our study. CONCLUSIONS: In TOF patient's etiology for right ventricular restrictive physiology are associated with lower SP02, transannular patch repair, longer CPB and longer aortic cross clamping time, hypertrophy, lower TAPSE, lower PASP and lower TAPSE/PASP ratio.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia
16.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(5): 1026-1034, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049646

RESUMO

Tetralogy of Fallot with unilateral absence of the pulmonary artery (UAPA) is a rare congenital heart disease. The aim of the present study was to examine the surgical strategy for Tetralogy of Fallot with UAPA by summarizing our experience of its treatment. We retrospectively evaluated 17 patients admitted to our hospital for treatment between 2006 and 2017. All patients were diagnosed with absence of the left pulmonary artery. The Nakata Index (NI), NI Z score, and McGoon ratio of the existing pulmonary artery were calculated. All patients were divided into one-stage complete repair (group A) or palliative procedure (group B) groups according to these criteria and surgical treatments. There were nine treated patients in group A, with a mean NI of 595.6 ± 690.32 mm2/m2 (169.3-2433 mm2/m2) and a mean NI Z score of - 1.57 ± 3.02 (- 4.60 to 5.27). There were eight treated patients in group B, with a mean NI of 107.61 ± 49.49 mm2/m2 (53.15-216.39 mm2/m2) and a mean NI Z score of - 6.27 ± 1.56 (- 8.22 to - 3.54). The mean follow-up time in group A was 5.58 ± 3.42 years (1-11.7 years), while that in group B was 5.4 ± 3.42 years (0.6-12.1 years). No hospital deaths occurred and the follow-up results were good in both groups. In conclusion, development of a single existing pulmonary artery can be evaluated using the NI and the NI Z score. These evaluations can be used to select complete repair or palliative procedures for patients and achieve good results.


Assuntos
Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Malformações Vasculares/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Cuidados Paliativos , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Cardiol Young ; 29(5): 610-614, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31044684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children with tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, and major aortopulmonary collaterals (TOF/MAPCAs) are at risk for post-operative respiratory complications after undergoing unifocalisation surgery. Thus, we assessed and further defined the incidence of airway abnormalities in our series of over 500 children with TOF/MAPCAs as determined by direct laryngoscopy, chest computed tomography (CT), and/or bronchoscopy. METHODS: The medical records of all patients with TOF/MAPCAs who underwent unifocalisation or pulmonary artery reconstruction surgery from March, 2002 to June, 2018 were reviewed. Anaesthesia records, peri-operative bronchoscopy, and/or chest CT reports were reviewed to assess for diagnoses of abnormal or difficult airway. Associations between chromosomal anomalies and airway abnormalities - difficult anaesthetic airway, bronchoscopy, and/or CT findings - were defined. RESULTS: Of the 564 patients with TOF/MAPCAs who underwent unifocalisation or pulmonary artery reconstruction surgery at our institution, 211 (37%) had a documented chromosome 22q11 microdeletion and 28 (5%) had a difficult airway/intubation reported at the time of surgery. Chest CT and/or peri-operative bronchoscopy were performed in 234 (41%) of these patients. Abnormalities related to malacia or compression were common. In total 35 patients had both CT and bronchoscopy within 3 months of each other, with concordant findings in 32 (91%) and partially concordant findings in the other 3. CONCLUSION: This is the largest series of detailed airway findings (direct laryngoscopy, CT, and bronchoscopy) in TOF/MAPCAS patients. Although these findings are specific to an at-risk population for airway abnormalities, they support the utility of CT and /or bronchoscopy in detecting airway abnormalities in patients with TOF/MAPCAs.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Atresia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Insuficiência Respiratória/epidemiologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Broncoscopia , California/epidemiologia , Circulação Colateral , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Laringoscopia , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
18.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 40(5): 1009-1016, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062060

RESUMO

Atrial flutter/fibrillation (AFL/AF) is a late complication in adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Its effects on long-term prognosis are not fully understood. We evaluate the impact of AFL/AF in adults with repaired TOF on global mortality and unplanned hospitalizations during follow-up, and the predictors for AFL/AF occurrence. The presence of AFL/FA was analysed in all exams performed during the last 10 years of outpatients follow up in a unicentric cohort of repaired TOF between 1980 and 2003. Two-hundred and six patients were included; at a mean follow-up of 21 ± 8.2 years, there were 5 deaths (19.2%) in the AFL/AF group and 2 (1.1%) in those without arrhythmia (p < 0.001). Patients with AFL/AF where older at the time of the surgical repair (p < 0.001) and had a higher rate of reinterventions (p = 0.003). No differences were observed between the groups regarding the use of a transannular patch, ventriculotomy and previous palliative shunt. QRS duration was longer in patients with AFL/AF (174 ± 33.4) when compared to those without arrhythmia (147 ± 39.6; p < 0.0001). Age at surgery, QRS duration, and tricuspid regurgitation ≥ moderate were independent risk predictors for AFL/AF. In the multivariate analysis, atrial flutter/fibrillation and QRS duration were predictors of death and hospitalization. AFL/AF is associated with an increased risk of death and hospitalization during the follow-up of patients with repaired TOF. Early detection of AFL/AF and their predictors is an essential step in the evaluation of such population.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Flutter Atrial/etiologia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Tetralogia de Fallot/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Flutter Atrial/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/complicações , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia
19.
Congenit Heart Dis ; 14(3): 491-497, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083772

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data about outcomes of coronary artery disease (CAD) in adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence and treatment of CAD in adults with TOF, and the impact of CAD on long-term survival. METHODS: Retrospective review of MACHD database for adults with repaired TOF who underwent aortic root/selective coronary angiogram, 1990-2017. Patients were categorized into three groups: (1) No CAD defined as normal coronary angiogram; (2) Mild CAD defined as ≤50% stenosis in all vessels; and, (3) Significant CAD defined as >50% stenosis in any vessel. RESULTS: We identified 105 (23%) of 465 TOF patients that had angiograms; mean age 47 ± 12 years. The prevalence of mild CAD and significant CAD was 19% (20 patients) and 15% (16 patients), respectively. Of these 16 patient with significant CAD, 9 (56%), 3 (19%), and 4 (24%) patients received guideline directed medical therapy, percutaneous coronary intervention, and coronary artery bypass grafting, respectively. Significant CAD was an independent risk factor for mortality (HR: 2.03, 95% CI 1.64-4.22, P = .022) after adjustment for differences in age, and prevalence of atrial fibrillation and renal dysfunction. CONCLUSIONS: Based on a review of a selected cohort of 105 TOF patients, the prevalence of mild CAD and significant CAD was 19% and 15%, respectively. Significant CAD was an independent risk factor for mortality. There is need for more research to determine optimal noninvasive diagnostic strategies and optimal patient selections and methods for revascularization.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Sobreviventes , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico , Tetralogia de Fallot/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 10(3): 313-320, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vascular supply in tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with major aortopulmonary collaterals (MAPCAs) is highly variable. Our approach to surgical management of this condition emphasizes early repair including unifocalization and reconstruction of the pulmonary circulation, incorporating all lung segments and addressing stenoses both proximal to and within the lung, in addition to ventricular septal defect closure. At our institution, we have over 15 years of experience using lung perfusion scintigraphy (LPS) to assess the distribution of pulmonary blood flow after complete unifocalization and repair. METHODS: We reviewed clinical and quantitative LPS data in 310 patients who underwent complete unifocalization and repair of TOF/MAPCAs from 2003 to 2018 at our institution. Postrepair relative lung perfusion distributions were determined from LPS initially obtained at our institution within 60 days after repair and thereafter. RESULTS: Total lung perfusion to the right and left lungs was 58.0% ± 14.2% and 42.0% ± 14.2%, respectively. Perfusion was balanced in 75% of patients and unbalanced in 25%, including 11% in whom it was extremely unbalanced. On multivariable analysis, older age at repair, surgery other than a single-stage complete unifocalization, and native anatomy consisting of unilateral pulmonary blood supply through a ductus arteriosus were associated with unbalanced perfusion. CONCLUSION: We present our experience using LPS as an outcome measure after surgical repair of TOF/MAPCAs. Balanced lung perfusion was present in the majority of patients who had complete repair of TOF/MAPCAs performed at our center.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Circulação Colateral/fisiologia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Circulação Pulmonar/fisiologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Cintilografia de Ventilação/Perfusão/métodos , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia
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