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1.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0237463, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970688

RESUMO

Titanium is essentially absent from biological systems yet reliably integrates into bone. To achieve osseointegration, titanium must activate biological processes without entering cells, defining it as a bio-activating material. Nanostructuring bulk titanium reduces grain size, increases strength, and improves other quantifiable physical properties, including cytocompatibility. The biological processes activated by increasing grain boundary availability were detected with total RNA-sequencing in mouse pre-osteoblasts grown for 72 hours on nanometrically smooth substrates of either coarse grain or nanostructured ultrafine grain titanium. The average grain boundary length under cells on the conventional coarse grain substrates is 273.0 µm, compared to 70,881.5 µm for cells adhered to the nanostructured ultrafine grain substrates; a 260-fold difference. Cells on both substrates exhibit similar expression profiles for genes whose products are critical for mechanosensation and transduction of cues that trigger osteoconduction. Biological process Gene Ontology term enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes reveals that cell cycle, chromatin modification, telomere maintenance, and RNA metabolism processes are upregulated on ultrafine grain titanium. Processes related to immune response, including apoptosis, are downregulated. Tumor-suppressor genes are upregulated while tumor-promoting genes are downregulated. Upregulation of genes involved in chromatin remodeling and downregulation of genes under the control of the peripheral circadian clock implicate both processes in the transduction of mechanosensory information. Non-coding RNAs may also play a role in the response. Merging transcriptomics with well-established mechanobiology principles generates a unified model to explain the bio-activating properties of titanium. The modulation of processes is accomplished through chromatin remodeling in which the nucleus responds like a rheostat to grain boundary concentration. This convergence of biological and materials science reveals a pathway toward understanding the biotic-abiotic interface and will inform the development of effective bio-activating and bio-inactivating materials.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Regeneração Óssea , Nanoestruturas/química , Osteoblastos/citologia , Titânio/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Teste de Materiais , Mecanotransdução Celular , Camundongos , Osseointegração , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Propriedades de Superfície , Transcriptoma
2.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0235355, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817671

RESUMO

The Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) (Funneliformis mosseae), are the most widely distributed symbiont assisting plants to overcome counteractive environmental conditions. In order to improve the sustainability and the activity of AMF, the use of nanotechnology was important. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2NPs) on the activity of AMF in common bean roots as well as its activity under salinity stress using morphological and molecular methods. The activity of AMF colonization has increased in the presence of TiO2NPs especially for arbuscule activity (A%), which increased three times with the presence of TiO2NPs. The improvement rate of Funneliformis mosseae on plant growth increased from 180% to 224% of control at the lowest level of salinity and increased from 48% to 130% at higher salinity level, respectively. The AMF dependencies for plant dry biomass increased in the presence of TiO2NPs from 277% in the absence of salinity to 465 and 883% % at low and high salinity levels, respectively. The presence of AMF co-inoculated with TiO2NPs resulted in increasing the salinity tolerance of plants at all levels and reached 110% at salinity level of 100 mM NaCl. Quantitative colonization methods showed that the molecular intensity ratio and the relative density of paired inocula AMF Nest (NS) or chitin synthases gene (Chs) with TiO2NPs were higher significantly P.>0.05 than single inoculants of AMF gene in roots under the presence or the absence of salinity by about two folds and about 40%. Hence, the positive effect of TiO2NPs was confined to its effect on AMF not on bean plants itself.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/patogenicidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Phaseolus/microbiologia , Tolerância ao Sal , Ascomicetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Quitina Sintase/genética , Quitina Sintase/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/microbiologia , Phaseolus/metabolismo , Simbiose , Titânio/química , Titânio/farmacologia
3.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3895, 2020 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753588

RESUMO

The mussel byssus has long been a source of inspiration for the adhesion community. Recently, adhesive synergy between flanking lysine (Lys, K) and 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA, Y) residues in the mussel foot proteins (Mfps) has been highlighted. However, the complex topological relationship of DOPA and Lys as well as the interfacial adhesive roles of other amino acids have been understudied. Herein, we study adhesion of Lys and DOPA-containing peptides to organic and inorganic substrates using single-molecule force spectroscopy (SMFS). We show that a modest increase in peptide length, from KY to (KY)3, increases adhesion strength to TiO2. Surprisingly, further increase in peptide length offers no additional benefit. Additionally, comparison of adhesion of dipeptides containing Lys and either DOPA (KY) or phenylalanine (KF) shows that DOPA is stronger and more versatile. We furthermore demonstrate that incorporating a nonadhesive spacer between (KY) repeats can mimic the hidden length in the Mfp and act as an effective strategy to dissipate energy.


Assuntos
Adesivos/química , Di-Hidroxifenilalanina/química , Lisina/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Bivalves , Dipeptídeos , Peptídeos/síntese química , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio/química
4.
ACS Nano ; 14(9): 11787-11798, 2020 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830949

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has become a major worldwide crisis. Although respiratory symptoms are a key feature of the disease, many people who are hospitalized with COVID-19 also suffer acute kidney injury, a condition that exacerbates patient mortality and may have to be treated through renal replacement therapy. Much of the focus on hospital capacity during the pandemic has centered on the availability of ventilators. However, supplies for dialysis treatment, including dialysate, have also run dangerously low in hospitals at the epicenter of the pandemic. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop materials that can efficiently and rapidly regenerate dialysate, removing toxins and restoring electrolyte concentrations so that this vital resource remains readily available. In this work, Ti3C2Tx, a two-dimensional transition-metal carbide (MXene) that is known to efficiently adsorb urea, was used to remove creatinine and uric acid from an aqueous solution and dialysate, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 45.7 and 17.0 mg/g, respectively. We systematically analyzed and modeled the adsorption kinetics, isotherms, and thermodynamics, thus determining the rate-limiting step and adsorption mechanism. A fixed-bed column loaded with Ti3C2Tx was designed to further evaluate the adsorption performance under continuous fluid-flow conditions, mirroring conditions of continuous renal replacement therapy modalities. The maximum capacity and 50% breakthrough volume were calculated to further approach the practical application of Ti3C2Tx for removal of uremic toxins. Our findings suggest that Ti3C2Tx has the potential to be used as an efficient sorbent for the regeneration of dialysate, allowing for accelerated dialysate regeneration by removing filtered toxins and leading to more portable dialysis devices.


Assuntos
Creatinina/química , Soluções para Diálise/química , Titânio/química , Toxinas Biológicas/química , Adsorção , Humanos , Diálise Renal/métodos , Urina/química
5.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 5061-5072, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764936

RESUMO

Purpose: Zirconia is one of the most promising implant materials due to its favorable physical, mechanical and biological properties. However, until now, we know little about the mechanism of osseointegration on zirconia. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Syndecan (Sdc) on osteoblastic cell (MC3T3-E1) adhesion and proliferation onto zirconia materials. Materials and Methods: The mirror-polished disks 15 mm in diameter and 1.5 mm in thick of commercial pure titanium (CpTi), 3mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystalline (3Y-TZP) and nano-zirconia (NanoZr) are used in this study. MC3T3-E1 cells were seeded onto specimen surfaces and subjected to RNA interference (RNAi) for Syndecan-1, Syndecan-2, Syndecan-3, and Syndecan-4. At 48h post-transfection, the cell morphology, actin cytoskeleton, and focal adhesion were observed using scanning electron microscopy or laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy. At 24h and 48h post-transfection, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to investigate cell proliferation. Results: The cell morphology of MC3T3-E1 cells on CpTi, 3Y-TZP, and NanoZr changed into abnormal shape after gene silencing of Syndecan. Among the Syndecan family, Sdc-2 is responsible for NanoZr-specific morphology regulation, via maintenance of cytoskeletal conformation without affecting cellular attachment. According to CCK-8 assay, Sdc-2 affects the osteoblastic cell proliferation onto NanoZr. Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, we suggest that Syndecan affects osteoblastic cell adhesion on CpTi, 3Y-TZP, and NanoZr. Sdc-2 might be an important heparin-sensitive cell membrane regulator in osteoblastic cell adhesion, specifically on NanoZr, through the organization of actin cytoskeleton and affects osteoblastic cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Osseointegração/fisiologia , Osteoblastos/citologia , Osteoblastos/fisiologia , Sindecanas/metabolismo , Citoesqueleto de Actina/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Camundongos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Osseointegração/genética , Propriedades de Superfície , Sindecana-2/genética , Sindecana-2/metabolismo , Sindecanas/genética , Titânio/química , Ítrio/química , Zircônio/química
6.
Chemosphere ; 260: 127587, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663673

RESUMO

In this work, a three-dimension grapnene-PbO2 (3DG-PbO2) composite anode was prepared using coelectrodeposition technology for electrocatalytic oxidation of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS). The effect of 3DG on the surface morphology, structure and electrocatalytic activity of PbO2 electrode was investigated. The results indicated that the 3DG-PbO2-0.08 anode (3DG concentration in electrodeposition solution was 0.08 g L-1) possessed the best electrocatalytic activity due to its stronger ·OH radicals generation capacity, more active sites and smaller charge-transfer resistance. The degradation rate constant of PFOS on 3DG-PbO2-0.08 anode was 2.33 times than that of pure PbO2 anode. Additionally, the by-products formed in electrocatalytic degradation of PFOS were identified and a PFOS degradation pathway was proposed accordingly, which was dominated by the dissociation of -CF2- groups via the attack of ·OH radicals. Finally, the toxicity evolution of degradation solution was examined to evaluate the ecological risk of electrocatalytic oxidation of PFOS by acute toxicity assays to zebrafish embryos.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Grafite/química , Chumbo/química , Nanocompostos/química , Óxidos/química , Titânio/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/toxicidade , Animais , Eletrodos , Galvanoplastia , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Fluorcarbonetos/toxicidade , Oxirredução , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra
7.
Chemosphere ; 260: 127588, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683010

RESUMO

A series of CX-TiO2(Carbon Xerogel- TiO2) composites with a hierarchical porous structure were obtained through the sol-gel method followed by drying and carbonization, and have been applied to treating solubilizing wastewater containing a high concentration of phenanthrene (PHE). The characterizations demonstrated that the CX-TiO2 exhibits a hierarchical porous structure, with particles of carbon and P25 being uniformly in the matrix. Removal efficiency of CX-TiO2 on PHE in soil washing eluent (SWE) were evaluated under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation or dark condition, and P25 was employed as the reference. The results revealed that CX-TiO2(0.2) had the best removal effect on PHE, with the efficiency as high as 97.8% under UV illumination within 15 h. It demonstrated that in the process of PHE removal by CX-TiO2 whether it was under UV illumination or not, the adsorption plays a dominant role in the early stage. The kinetic behavior of PHE adsorption was fitted using the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order, and Langmuir model and Freundlich models were applied to describe the PHE adsorption isotherms. The results indicating that it was a chemical adsorption process, which was influenced by the interaction between PHE and CX-TiO2, and PHE is adsorbed on the interface of CX-TiO2(0.2) in a single layer form, instead of agglomerating in the admicelle. A possible mechanism of removal of solubilized PHE in SWE was speculated, in which both hierarchical porous structure and appropriate micropores size of CX-TiO2 were indispensable to the selective adsorption and degradation of PHE. Recycling performance certificated that the selective removal efficiency of PHE could still reach 82.09% after five recycles. Thus the excellent performance testified that the CX-TiO2 have great potential in treating SWE containing solubilized PAHs.


Assuntos
Fenantrenos/isolamento & purificação , Titânio/química , Águas Residuárias/química , Adsorção , Catálise , Cinética , Fenantrenos/química , Fenantrenos/efeitos da radiação , Porosidade , Poluentes do Solo/isolamento & purificação , Raios Ultravioleta
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3712, 2020 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709842

RESUMO

Metal hydrides have been rarely used in biomedicine. Herein, we fabricate titanium hydride (TiH1.924) nanodots from its powder form via the liquid-phase exfoliation, and apply these metal hydride nanodots for effective cancer treatment. The liquid-phase exfoliation is an effective method to synthesize these metal hydride nanomaterials, and its efficiency is determined by the matching of surface energy between the solvent and the metal hydrides. The obtained TiH1.924 nanodots can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) under ultrasound, presenting a highly efficient sono-sensitizing effect. Meanwhile, TiH1.924 nanodots with strong near-infrared (NIR) absorbance can serve as a robust photothermal agent. By using the mild photothermal effect to enhance intra-tumoral blood flow and improve tumor oxygenation, a remarkable synergistic therapeutic effect is achieved in the combined photothermal-sonodynamic therapy. Importantly, most of these TiH1.924 nanodots can be cleared out from the body. This work presents the promises of functional metal hydride nanomaterials for biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico , Nanoestruturas/química , Titânio/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nanopartículas/química , Nanotecnologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Difração de Raios X
9.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0227395, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628681

RESUMO

The FluidFM enables the immobilization of single cells on a hollow cantilever using relative underpressure. In this study, we systematically optimize versatile measurement parameters (setpoint, z-speed, z-length, pause time, and relative underpressure) to improve the quality of force-distance curves recorded with a FluidFM. Using single bacterial cells (here the gram negative seawater bacterium Paracoccus seriniphilus and the gram positive bacterium Lactococcus lactis), we show that Single Cell Force Spectroscopy experiments with the FluidFM lead to comparable results to a conventional Single Cell Force Spectroscopy approach using polydopamine for chemical fixation of a bacterial cell on a tipless cantilever. Even for the bacterium Lactococcus lactis, which is difficult to immobilze chemically (like seen in an earlier study), immobilization and the measurement of force-distance curves are possible by using the FluidFM technology.


Assuntos
Aderência Bacteriana , Lactococcus lactis/fisiologia , Microscopia de Força Atômica/métodos , Paracoccus/fisiologia , Células Imobilizadas/fisiologia , Vidro/química , Indóis/química , Polímeros/química , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Análise de Célula Única , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio/química
10.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 4471-4481, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606689

RESUMO

Background: Ineffective integration has been recognized as one of the major causes of early orthopedic failure of titanium-based implants. One strategy to address this problem is to develop modified titanium surfaces that promote osteoblast differentiation. This study explored titanium surfaces modified with TiO2 nanotubes (TiO2 NTs) capable of localized drug delivery into bone and enhanced osteoblast cell differentiation. Materials and Methods: Briefly, TiO2 NTs were subjected to anodic oxidation and loaded with Metformin, a widely used diabetes drug. To create surfaces with sustainable drug-eluting characteristics, TiO2 NTs were spin coated with a thin layer of chitosan. The surfaces were characterized via scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and contact angle measurements. The surfaces were then exposed to mesenchymal bone marrow stem cells (MSCs) to evaluate cell adhesion, growth, differentiation, and morphology on the modified surfaces. Results: A noticeable increase in drug release time (3 days vs 20 days) and a decrease in burst release characteristics (85% to 7%) was observed in coated samples as compared to uncoated samples, respectively. Chitosan-coated TiO2 NTs exhibited a considerable enhancement in cell adhesion, proliferation, and genetic expression of type I collagen, and alkaline phosphatase activity as compared to uncoated TiO2 NTs. Conclusion: TiO2 NT surfaces with a chitosan coating are capable of delivering Metformin to a bone site over a sustained period of time with the potential to enhance MSCs cell attachment, proliferation, and differentiation.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quitosana/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Metformina/farmacologia , Nanotubos/química , Osteoblastos/citologia , Titânio/química , Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Animais , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanotubos/ultraestrutura , Osteoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoblastos/ultraestrutura , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Wistar , Molhabilidade
11.
Nanotoxicology ; 14(7): 985-1007, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619159

RESUMO

Recent studies reported adverse liver effects and intestinal tumor formation after oral exposure to titanium dioxide (TiO2). Other oral toxicological studies, however, observed no effects on liver and intestine, despite prolonged exposure and/or high doses. In the present assessment, we aimed to better understand whether TiO2 can induce such effects at conditions relevant for humans. Therefore, we focused not only on the clinical and histopathological observations, but also used Adverse Outcome Pathways (AOPs) to consider earlier steps (Key Events). In addition, aiming for a more accurate risk assessment, the available information on organ concentrations of Ti (resulting from exposure to TiO2) from oral animal studies was compared to recently reported concentrations found in human postmortem organs. The overview obtained with the AOP approach indicates that TiO2 can trigger a number of key events in liver and intestine: Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) generation, induction of oxidative stress and inflammation. TiO2 seems to be able to exert these early effects in animal studies at Ti liver concentrations that are only a factor of 30 and 6 times higher than the median and highest liver concentration found in humans, respectively. This confirms earlier conclusions that adverse effects on the liver in humans as a result of (oral) TiO2 exposure cannot be excluded. Data for comparison with Ti levels in human intestinal tissue, spleen and kidney with effect concentrations were too limited to draw firm conclusions. The Ti levels, though, are similar or higher than those found in liver, suggesting these tissues may be relevant too.


Assuntos
Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Titânio/toxicidade , Administração Oral , Animais , Aditivos Alimentares/química , Aditivos Alimentares/metabolismo , Aditivos Alimentares/toxicidade , Humanos , Inflamação , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/metabolismo , Baço/patologia , Titânio/química , Titânio/metabolismo
12.
Chemosphere ; 258: 127352, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554013

RESUMO

The production of metallic nanoparticles (NPs) by green and ecofriendly methods has received consideration during the recent past. The present study summarized the comparative production of titanium dioxide (TiO2) NPs by plant extracts of Trianthema portulacastrum (T2) and Chenopodium quinoa (T3) and by conventional chemical (sol-gel) method (T1). Synthesized TiO2-NPs were examined by high-tech. techniques such as X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transmission Infra-red (FT-IR) spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscope, SEM-EDS spot analysis and elemental mapping. Synthesized TiO2-NPs were applied on wheat rust (Ustilago tritici) for the evaluation of their antifungal activity against toxic plant pathogens. XRD results confirmed the (2θ) peak at 25.3 related to 101 anatase form. EDS-spot analysis and elemental mapping confirms the formation of TiO2-NPs by using these techniques. SEM secondary electrons (SEs) images demonstrated the nano range of particles in cluster form with fewer porous structures. The average size of all three TiO2-NPs was found less than 15 nm. FT-IR analysis of all three TiO2-NPs perfectly matched with the standard parameters. The NPs prepared by both sol-gel and green methods have a good antifungal response against U. tritici, and the green prepared TiO2-NPs were found to have the best antifungal activity against wheat rust especially NPs synthesized with the extract of C. quinoa. Overall, green method can be used for the large scale and less toxic synthesis of TiO2-NPs because of their wide range of environmental applications.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Titânio/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Extratos Vegetais/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Triticum , Difração de Raios X
13.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234524, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579584

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adherence of streptococci to disks of titanium (commercially pure titanium: CpTi) and zirconia (tetragonal zirconia polycrystals: TZP). CpTi and yttria-stabilized TZP disks with a mirror-polished surface were used as specimens. The arithmetic mean surface roughness (Ra and Sa) and the surface wettability of the experimental specimens were measured. For analyzing the outermost layer of the experimental specimens, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis was performed. Streptococcus sanguinis, S. gordonii, S. oralis, and S. mutans were used as streptococcal bacterial strains. These bacterial cultures were grown for 24 h on CpTi and TZP. The number of bacterial adhesions was estimated using an ATP-bioluminescent assay, and scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation of the adhered bacterial specimens was performed. No significant differences in surface roughness or wettability were found between CpTi and TZP. In XPS analyses, outermost layer of CpTi included Ti0 and Ti4+, and outermost layer of TZP included Zr4+. In the cell adhesion assay, the adherences of S. sanguinis, S. gordonii, and S. oralis to TZP were significantly lower than those to CpTi (p < 0.05); however, significant difference was not observed for S. mutans among the specimens. The adherence to CpTi and TZP of S. mutans was significantly lower than that of S. sanguinis, S. gordonii, and S. oralis. These results were confirmed by SEM. S. sanguinis, S. gordonii, and S. oralis adhered less to TZP than to CpTi, but the adherence of S. mutans was similar to both surfaces. S. mutans was less adherent compare with the other streptococci tested in those specimens.


Assuntos
Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus sanguis/efeitos dos fármacos , Titânio/química , Zircônio/química , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Streptococcus sanguis/química , Streptococcus sanguis/ultraestrutura , Propriedades de Superfície/efeitos dos fármacos , Ítrio/química
14.
Chemosphere ; 259: 127431, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593823

RESUMO

Designing heterostructure of photocatalyst as an efficient approach to boost visible light-driven photocatalytic degradation, we prepared a series of cobalt-based ZIF coordinated with defective TiO2-x, denoted as B-TiO2-x@ZIF-67 composites, through wrapping defective B-TiO2-x on ZIF-67 for promoting photocatalytic degradation efficiency of biphenyl A. The B-TiO2-x@ZIF-67 composites displayed superior photocatalytic performance to pure TiO2-x or ZIF-67 because of faster separation of photogenerated charge carriers and more suitable redox potentials. Such a novel photo-Fenton-like system composed of B-TiO2-x@ZIF-67/H2O2/visible light accelerated the peroxidative degradation of biphenyl An up to a removal efficiency of 95.30%, which is also higher than that of photocatalysis or Fenton-like reaction alone. In addition, the degradation efficiency of biphenyl A is unchanged after catalyst reuse of four cycles. Integrating the trapping experiments and electrochemical analysis, we found the oxygen vacancy on B-TiO2-x capturing the electrons to promote the separation of photogenerated charges, meanwhile the Co(II) in the composite decomposed hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to produce more •OH radical. Both of them mutually boosted the removal efficiency. Finally, feasible degradation pathways of biphenyl A were proposed based on the assay of LC-MS spectrometry. This strategy offers a novel insight into fabrication of Co-ZIF-based TiO2-x materials and application to visible light-driven photocatalytic and Fenton-like degradation reaction.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/química , Cobalto/química , Fenóis/química , Catálise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Luz , Processos Fotoquímicos , Titânio/química
15.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 3447-3470, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32523343

RESUMO

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructures are one of the most plentiful compounds that have emerged in various fields of technology such as medicine, energy and biosensing. Various TiO2 nanostructures (nanotubes [NTs] and nanowires) have been employed in photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing applications, greatly enhancing the detection of targets. TiO2 nanostructures, used as reinforced material or coatings for the bare surface of titanium implants, are excellent additive materials to compensate titanium implants deficiencies-like poor surface interaction with surrounding tissues-by providing nanoporous surfaces and hierarchical structures. These nanostructures can also be loaded by diversified drugs-like osteoporosis drugs, anticancer and antibiotics-and used as local drug delivery systems. Furthermore, TiO2 nanostructures and their derivatives are new emerging antimicrobial agents to overcome human pathogenic microorganisms. However, like all other nanomaterials, toxicity and biocompatibility of TiO2 nanostructures must be considered. This review highlights recent advances, along with the properties and numerous applications of TiO2-based nanostructure compounds in nano biosensing, medical implants, drug delivery and antibacterial fields. Moreover, in the present study, some recent advances accomplished on the pharmaceutical applications of TiO2 nanostructures, as well as its toxicity and biocompatibility, are presented.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica/métodos , Nanoestruturas/química , Titânio/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Próteses e Implantes , Titânio/toxicidade
16.
Aquat Toxicol ; 224: 105502, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480176

RESUMO

The present study examined the effect of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nanoTiO2) and mercury (Hg) compounds on the green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Mixtures containing nanoTiO2 of different primary sizes (5 nm, 15 nm and 20 nm), inorganic Hg (IHg) or monomethyl Hg (CH3Hg+, MeHg) were studied and compared with individual treatments. Oxidative stress and membrane damage were examined. Stability of nanoTiO2 materials in terms of hydrodynamic size and surface charge as well as Hg adsorption on different nanoTiO2 materials were characterized. The uptake of Hg compounds in the absence and presence of nanoTiO2 was also quantified. Results show that increasing concentrations of nanoTiO2 with different primary size diminished oxidative stress and membrane damage induced by high concentrations of IHg or MeHg, due to the adsorption of Hg on the nanoTiO2 aggregates and consequent decrease of cellular Hg concentrations. The observed alleviation effect of nanoTiO2 materials on Hg biouptake and toxicity was more pronounced for the materials with smaller primary size. IHg adsorbed onto the nanoTiO2 materials to a higher extent than MeHg. The present study highlights that the effects of contaminants are modulated by the co-existing engineered nanomaterials; therefore, it is essential to get a better understanding of their combined effect in the environment.


Assuntos
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/efeitos dos fármacos , Mercúrio/toxicidade , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/toxicidade , Nanopartículas/química , Titânio/farmacologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Adsorção , Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/metabolismo , Mercúrio/metabolismo , Compostos de Metilmercúrio/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
17.
Chemosphere ; 258: 127339, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554010

RESUMO

In this paper, a two dimensional/two dimensional (2D/2D) heterostructure of Ti3C2/g-C3N4 (T/CN) was constructed and used to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS) for the degradation of diclofenac (DCF) in water in the presence of light illumination. Compared with single photocatalytic process by T/CN (0.040/min) and with pure g-C3N4 nanosheets in PMS system (0.071/min), 5.0 and 3.0 times enhanced activities were achieved in the T/CN-PMS system at optimum Ti3C2 (1.0 wt%) loading under light illumination (0.21/min). Moreover, the decomposing processes of DCF in T/CN-PMS system were applicable in a wide initial pH range (3∼14), therefore, overcoming the limitation of pH dependence in traditional PMS system. Based on the synergistic effect of photocatalysis and PMS oxidation processes, the 1O2 was generated as primary reactive species for the removal of DCF in T/CN-PMS system. The DCF degradation mechanism was further proposed through the results of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations.


Assuntos
Diclofenaco/química , Grafite/química , Compostos de Nitrogênio/química , Peróxidos/química , Titânio/química , Catálise , Estrutura Molecular , Oxirredução , Peróxidos/efeitos da radiação
18.
Food Chem ; 331: 127360, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32585548

RESUMO

The influence of food components on nanoparticle (NP) internalization indicates a need to investigate the behaviors of NPs in a complex system. This study measured the changes of TiO2 NP colloidal stability and quenching of anthocyanin fluorescence to indicate NP-anthocyanin interactions, and cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, expression of ABC transporters and intracellular Ti concentrations in 3D Caco-2 spheroids co-exposed to NPs and anthocyanins to indicate the influence of anthocyanins on NP bio-effects. The anthocyanins were observed to have minimal impacts on colloidal properties of TiO2 NPs. Meanwhile, NP-anthocyanin co-exposure did not induce cytotoxicity or oxidative stress. The fluorescence quenching study indicated the binding of anthocyanins onto TiO2 NPs, and the binding affinity was inversely correlated with NP internalization into 3D Caco-2 spheroids. This may be partially related with the up-regulation of ABC transporters. Our results may provide novel insights into understanding the interactions of NPs and anthocyanins with human intestinal cells.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Titânio/farmacocinética , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Antocianinas/química , Células CACO-2 , Coloides/farmacocinética , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/farmacologia , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Titânio/química
19.
Chemosphere ; 257: 127236, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512333

RESUMO

Nowadays, air pollution has become a global menace being responsible of a significant increase on the morbidity and mortality of human beings. In view of this, sustainable and efficient technologies for air purification are being sought. Air purification by photocatalytic treatment has received a lot of attention due to the unspecific and high oxidation capacity of the catalyst; however still some variables must be optimized to assure practical applications. In this work, visible light active TiO2-Cu2+@perlite and Ag@TiO2-Cu2+/perlite supported materials were fabricated. TiO2-Cu2+ (2 at. %) were synthesized using a sol-gel procedure followed of the impregnation of the support by immersion. For Ag@TiO2-Cu2+, silver deposition was conducted by chemical reduction using sodium citrate and sodium borohydride. The materials (powders and supported materials) were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to demonstrate their small size and adherence to the substrate. A prototype of a photocatalytic air purifier was built. The efficacy of the prototype was evaluated for the disinfection of indoor air (dentistry clinics). The photo-catalyst was activated using visible and UVA low-cost high-energy LEDs. The antibacterial activity of the air filter was evaluated. Ag@TiO2-Cu2+ exerts better air disinfection activity at lower doses in comparison to TiO2-Cu2+. Bacterial growth inhibitions up to 99% were achieved for both, Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The incorporation of Ag and Cu to TiO2 improves the antibacterial activity of the materials due to enhanced photocatalytic activity and the synergic activity of TiO2 and dopant elements (Ag, Cu) to inhibit microorganism's growth.


Assuntos
Filtros de Ar , Antibacterianos/química , Catálise , Desinfecção/métodos , Luz , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Prata/química , Titânio/química
20.
Chemosphere ; 257: 127164, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480087

RESUMO

The present work describes the synthesis of niobium oxide nanochannels (Nb2O5NCs) with high surface area, porosity, photocurrent density, and photoelectrochemical stability as photocatalyst. The Nb2O5NCs were prepared by electrochemical anodization of niobium foil in different electrolytes: 1 M H2SO4 containing 0.4 wt% HF (S1); glycerol containing 0.4 M NH4F (S2); 0.25 g NH4F with 4 vol% water in glycol at 50 °C (S3); and glycerol containing 10 wt% K2HPO4, at 130 °C (S4, annealed in air; S5, annealed in N2). All the Nb2O5NCs showed well-organized arrays of nanochannels grown on the Nb foil, with tube diameters in the order S4

Assuntos
Corantes/química , Nióbio/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Compostos Orgânicos , Óxidos/química , Fotólise , Titânio/química
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