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1.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3380, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to understand from the complex perspective the connections established between the Strategic Directions for Strengthening Nursing and Midwifery, delimited by the World Health Organization; to discuss the implications of these strategies for the investment of human resources in nursing and midwifery, with a view to strengthening the technical health capacity to face global health demands. METHOD: a documentary research, carried out from official WHO documents, from September to October 2019. A categorical analysis technique was performed, and the interpretation of the data was achieved based on the theoretical framework of Complexity. RESULTS: three interdependent categories were defined, namely: challenges for the training of human resources in nursing and midwifery in order to meet the needs for global health; challenges for the development of the work of nursing and midwifery professionals in different contexts of practice; challenges for governments, leaders and health services to strengthen human resources in nursing and midwifery. CONCLUSION: the strategic directions corroborate the complex perspective because they value multidimensionality in the challenges for the professional practice of nurses and obstetricians. However, these challenges are also related to contextual, political, and leadership factors.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Saúde Global , Humanos , Liderança , Gravidez , Recursos Humanos , Organização Mundial da Saúde
2.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 273: 117-122, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087600

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The electronically submitted data from midwives and hospitals to the Netherlands perinatal registry vary significantly in their data definitions, and electronic message versions. The purpose of this article is to describe the semantic cross-mapping tool and execution procedure to prepare the data for statistical analysis. METHODS: requirements analysis, design, development and testing. RESULTS: The tool for governance of versions of datasets, CIMs, data, and value sets is designed, developed, and tested. The test is based on the data-mart of version PRN 1.3 based data from 2019. Data are semantically cross mapped to current version perinatology data 2.2. CONCLUSION: The cross-mapping of PRN 1.3 data to perinatology 2.2 data are defined in the tool, testing revealed this mapping is successful.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Semântica , Feminino , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Parto , Gravidez , Sistema de Registros
3.
Hum Resour Health ; 18(1): 75, 2020 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028347

RESUMO

Peripartum deaths remain significantly high in low- and middle-income countries, including Kenya. The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted essential services, which could lead to an increase in maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. Furthermore, the lockdowns, curfews, and increased risk for contracting COVID-19 may affect how women access health facilities. SARS-CoV-2 is a novel coronavirus that requires a community-centred response, not just hospital-based interventions. In this prolonged health crisis, pregnant women deserve a safe and humanised birth that prioritises the physical and emotional safety of the mother and the baby. There is an urgent need for innovative strategies to prevent the deterioration of maternal and child outcomes in an already strained health system. We propose strengthening community-based midwifery to avoid unnecessary movements, decrease the burden on hospitals, and minimise the risk of COVID-19 infection among women and their newborns.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Cuidado do Lactente/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Tocologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Mortalidade Infantil , Recém-Nascido , Quênia/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Gravidez
4.
J Law Med ; 27(4): 1008-1013, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880416

RESUMO

Australian and international nursing regulators have specific requirements for continuing competence and the professional, safe practice of nurses and midwives. Requirements can dictate duration of practice, time away from/recency of practice, revalidation policies, and time between study program completion and practice commencement. Requirements vary between contexts and are periodically updated. To identify and examine Australian and international evidence for best regulatory practices relating to recency and the maintenance of professional competence among nurses and midwives, a scoping review based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews will be undertaken. This protocol details the scope, inclusion criteria, and methodology that will guide the scoping review, which will inform an update to the Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia's Registration Standard: Recency of Practice.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Enfermeiras Obstétricas , Enfermeiras Internacionais , Austrália , Competência Clínica , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Competência Profissional
5.
J Law Med ; 27(4): 812-828, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880400

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic has exposed an underlying pandemic of neglect affecting women's reproductive rights, particularly in the provision of abortion services and maternity care. The systemic neglect in the Australian context has resulted in a rise in demand for the services provided by privately practising midwives (PPMs) that is not matched by systemic support for, nor recognition of, women choosing to birth at home. As a result, PPMs are unable to meet the rise in demand, which in itself reflects decades of limited State support for the choice to birth at home and opposition by incumbent stakeholders in the provision of maternity care to healthy women with low-risk pregnancies. We discuss the historical backdrop to these currently erupting issues, along with the real reasons for the opposition to PPMs in Australia. Finally, we offer solutions to this ongoing issue.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Parto Domiciliar , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Austrália , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Direitos da Mulher
6.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 28: e3339, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876292

RESUMO

Global health matters to every nurse everywhere. In this article we outline why. We highlight some important health issues confronting the world today; explore how these issues are being tackled; and consider the implications for nursing. We describe how nurses are making a difference in the challenging contexts, range and complexity of nursing work round the globe, and we conclude with a call to action. Nurses can influence, and become, policy-makers and politicians, and explain to them why the Sustainable Development Goals cannot be reached without strengthening nursing. In this International Year of the Nurse and Midwife, the window of opportunity is open, but it will not stay open for long. Nurses and midwives globally and locally must be ready to jump through it. We ask you to join hands, and join us.


Assuntos
Saúde Global , Tocologia , Previsões , Humanos , Liderança , Gravidez
7.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: International guidelines for resuscitation recommend using positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during ventilation of preterm newborns. Reliable PEEP-valves for self-inflating bags have been lacking, and effects of PEEP during resuscitation of term newborns are insufficiently studied. The objective was to determine if adding a new PEEP valve to the bag-mask during resuscitation of term and near-term newborns could improve heart rate response. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was performed at Haydom Lutheran Hospital in Tanzania (September 2016 to June 2018). Helping Babies Breathe-trained midwives performed newborn resuscitation using self-inflating bags with or without a new, integrated PEEP valve. All live-born newborns who received bag-mask ventilation at birth were eligible. Heart rate response measured by ECG was the primary outcome, and clinical outcome and ventilation data were recorded. RESULTS: Among 417 included newborns (median birth weight 3200 g), 206 were ventilated without and 211 with PEEP. We found no difference in heart rate response. Median (interquartile range) measured PEEP in the PEEP group was 4.7 (2.0-5.6) millibar. The PEEP group received lower tidal volumes (4.9 [1.9-8.2] vs 6.3 [3.9-10.5] mL/kg; P = .02) and had borderline lower expired CO2 (2.9 [1.5-4.3] vs 3.3 [1.9-5.0] %; P = .05). Twenty four-hour mortality was 9% in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence for improved heart rate response during bag-mask ventilation with PEEP compared with no PEEP. The PEEP valve delivered a median PEEP within the intended range. The findings do not support routine use of PEEP during resuscitation of newborns around term.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Respiração com Pressão Positiva/instrumentação , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Ressuscitação/instrumentação , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Tocologia , Respiração com Pressão Positiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Ressuscitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Tamanho da Amostra , Nascimento a Termo
8.
Int Nurs Rev ; 67(3): 301-302, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935341

RESUMO

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues its journey around the world, it has triggered a global nursing response, with nurses everywhere working to save the lives of their extremely sick patients. In parallel with the frontline response, the International Council of Nurses, the World Health Authority and the International Confederation of Midwives have used their biennial Triad meetings to set out what needs to be done from a global perspective to protect nurses and the people they serve. At a time of crisis, it is imperative that the world's nursing leaders, through ICN's National Nursing Associations, step up to give support and guidance at this historically unsettling time.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Liderança , Tocologia/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Pandemias , Gravidez
9.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47814

RESUMO

Página temática do portal do Centro Colaborador para Qualidade e Segurança do Paciente – Proqualis, intitulada 'Parto e Nascimento'. Criada com a finalidade de reunir conteúdos e evidências científicas relacionados ao tema da qualidade do cuidado e segurança do paciente no parto e nascimento. Recentes estudos científicos sobre o tema, diretrizes, aulas e ferramentas de apoio estão disponíveis para acesso na página.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Segurança do Paciente , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil
10.
Malawi Med J ; 32(1): 13-18, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32733654

RESUMO

Background: This paper reports on part of a larger study, the aim of which was to develop an intervention to collaboratively develop innovative strategies to promote effective collaborative practices among midwives and medical professionals working in intrapartum care unit. Collaborative practice is a critical marker for success in improving quality of maternity care. To date, there has been limited exploration of collaborative practices between midwives and medical professionals working in intrapartum care from the African perspective. Aim: This paper reports findings of the discovery phase of appreciative inquiry (AI) set out to understand the perspectives of midwives and medical professionals on collaborative practices at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital labour and delivery ward in Malawi. Methods: The study used an exploratory qualitative approach framed in an Appreciative Inquiry theoretical perspective. Appreciative Inquiry consists of four phases :(discovery, dream, design and destiny).The discovery phase consisted of 16 in-depth interviews and 2 focus group discussions among purposively selected midwives (4 nurse midwives, 2 midwifery unit matrons) and medical professionals (2 obstetricians, 4 registrars, 2 intern doctors, 2 clinical officers) working in the labour ward. All interviews and discussions were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Five dominant themes emerged: collaborative breakdown, benefits of collaboration, the importance of positive and respectful attitude, barriers to effective collaborative practices and strategies to improve collaborative practice. Conclusion/Recommendations: Aligning the perspectives of the members of the two disciplines is significant to effective implementation of collaborative intrapartum care. Participants demonstrated that there is increased parallel working of midwives and doctors at QECH. This is not professionally healthy. Therefore, putting together the viewpoints of the professions to create a mutually agreeable professional framework of collaborative intrapartum practice is significant. Additionally, there is an obvious need to address the professional concerns of both disciplines.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Relações Interprofissionais , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Tocologia , Enfermeiras Obstétricas/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Trabalho de Parto , Malaui , Unidade Hospitalar de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , Gravidez , Pesquisa Qualitativa
11.
Am J Perinatol ; 37(12): 1271-1279, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757185

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to describe the hospitalization and early postpartum psychological experience for asymptomatic obstetric patients tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) as part of a universal testing program and report the impact of this program on labor and delivery health care workers' job satisfaction and workplace anxiety. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cohort study of asymptomatic pregnant women who underwent SARS-CoV-2 testing between April 13, 2020 and April 26, 2020. Semistructured interviews were conducted via telephone at 1 and 2 weeks posthospitalization to assess maternal mental health. Depression screening was conducted using the patient health questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2). An online survey of labor and delivery health care workers assessed job satisfaction and job-related anxiety before and during the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, as well as employees' subjective experience with universal testing. Patient and employee responses were analyzed for recurring themes. RESULTS: A total of 318 asymptomatic women underwent SARS-CoV-2 testing during this 2-week period. Six of the eight women (75%) who tested positive reported negative in-hospital experiences secondary to perceived lack of provider and partner support and neonatal separation after birth. Among the 310 women who tested negative, 34.4% of multiparous women reported increased postpartum anxiety compared with their prior deliveries due to concerns about infectious exposure in the hospital and lack of social support. Only 27.6% of women, tested negative, found their test result to be reassuring. Job satisfaction and job-related anxiety among health care workers were negatively affected. Universal testing was viewed favorably by the majority of health care workers despite concerns about delays or alterations in patient care and maternal and neonatal separation. CONCLUSION: Universal testing for SARS-CoV-2 in obstetric units has mixed effects on maternal mental health but is viewed favorably by labor and delivery employees. Ongoing evaluation of new testing protocols is paramount to balance staff and patient safety with quality and equality of care. KEY POINTS: · Women with SARS-CoV-2 had a negative hospital experience.. · A negative SARS-CoV-2 test was not reassuring for patients.. · COVID-19 negatively impacts healthcare workers' well-being..


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Programas de Rastreamento/psicologia , Isolamento de Pacientes/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Gestantes/psicologia , Apoio Social , Adulto , Ansiedade , Infecções Assintomáticas/psicologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Satisfação no Emprego , Tocologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Enfermagem Obstétrica , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Pandemias , Parto , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Médicos/psicologia , Gravidez
12.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0220538, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32644991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Various aspects of disrespect and abusive maternity care have received scholarly attention because of frequent reports of the phenomenon in most healthcare facilities globally, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Experiences of disrespect and abuse during childbirth may dissuade women from returning for facility-based postpartum services, for antenatal care, and delivery for future pregnancies and births. Midwives' knowledge of respectful maternity care is critical in designing any interventive measures to address the menace of disrespect and abuse in maternity care. However, the perspectives of skilled providers on respectful maternal care have not been extensively studied. Therefore, the present study sought to explore the views of midwives on respectful maternity care at a teaching hospital in Kumasi, Ghana. METHODS: We employed an exploratory descriptive qualitative research design using an interpretative approach. Data were generated through individual in-depth interviews of fifteen midwives, which were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Open Code 4.03 was used to manage and analyse the data. FINDINGS: The midwives demonstrated some degree of awareness of respectful maternity care that comprised of the following components: non-abusive care, consented care, confidential care, non-violation of childbearing women's basic human rights, and non-discriminatory care. However, midwives' support for disrespectful and abusive practices such as hitting, pinching, and implicitly blaming childbearing women for mistreatment suggests that midwives awareness of respectful maternity care is disconnected from its practice. CONCLUSION: In view of these findings, we recommend frequent in-service training for midwives and the institutionalization of regular supervision of intrapartum care services in the healthcare facility.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde Materna/normas , Tocologia , Adulto , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tocologia/educação , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Respeito
13.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235269, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32603339

RESUMO

Many high-risk conditions of pregnancy are undetected until the time of delivery in low-income countries. We developed a point-of-care ultrasound training protocol for providers in rural Uganda to detect fetal distress or demise, malpresentation, multiple gestation, placenta previa, oligohydramnios and preterm delivery. This was a mixed-methods study to evaluate the 2-week training curriculum and trainees' ability to perform a standard scanning protocol and interpret ultrasound images. Surveys to assess provider confidence were administered pre-training, immediately after, and at 3-month follow up. Following lecture and practical demonstrations, each trainee conducted 25 proctored scans and were required to pass an observed structured clinical exam (OSCE). All images produced 8 weeks post course underwent blinded review by two ultrasound experts to assess image quality and to identify common errors. Key informant interviews further assessed perceptions of the training program and utility of point-of-care ultrasound. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and reviewed by multiple readers using a content analysis approach. Twenty-three nurse/nurse midwives and two physicians from one district hospital and three health centers participated in the training curriculum. Confidence levels increased from an average of 1 point pre-course to over 6 points post-course for all measures (maximum of 7 points). Of 25 participants, 22 passed the OSCE on the first attempt (average score 89.4%). Image quality improved over time; the final error rate at week 8 was less than 5%, with an overall kappa of 0.8-1 for all measures between the two reviewers. Among the 12 key informant interviews conducted, key themes included a desire for more hands-on training and longer duration of training and challenges in balancing clinical duties with ability to attend training sessions. This study demonstrates that providers without previous ultrasound experience can detect high-risk conditions during labor with a high rate of quality and accuracy after training.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras Obstétricas/educação , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto , Tocologia/educação , Obstetrícia/educação , Gravidez , População Rural , Triagem , Uganda , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/métodos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal/enfermagem
15.
Midwifery ; 88: 102779, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600862
16.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0226502, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722680

RESUMO

Both nationally and internationally, midwives' practices during the second stage of labour vary. A midwife's practice can be influenced by education and cultural practices but ultimately it should be informed by up-to-date scientific evidence. We conducted a systematic review of the literature to retrieve evidence that supports high quality intrapartum care during the second stage of labour. A systematic literature search was performed to September 2019 in collaboration with a medical information specialist. Bibliographic databases searched included: PubMed, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO, Maternity and Infant Care Database and The Cochrane Library, resulting in 6,382 references to be screened after duplicates were removed. Articles were then assessed for quality by two independent researchers and data extracted. 17 studies focusing on midwives' practices during physiological second stage of labour were included. Two studies surveyed midwives regarding their practice and one study utilising focus groups explored how midwives facilitate women's birthing positions, while another focus group study explored expert midwives' views of their practice of preserving an intact perineum during physiological birth. The remainder of the included studies were primarily intervention studies, highlighting aspects of midwifery practice during the second stage of labour. The empirical findings were synthesised into four main themes namely: birthing positions, non-pharmacological pain relief, pushing techniques and optimising perineal outcomes; the results were outlined and discussed. By implementing this evidence midwives may enable women during the second stage of labour to optimise physiological processes to give birth. There is, however, a dearth of evidence relating to midwives' practice, which provides a positive experience for women during the second stage of labour. Perhaps this is because not all midwives' practices during the second stage of labour are researched and documented. This systematic review provides a valuable insight of the empirical evidence relating to midwifery practice during the physiological second stage of labour, which can also inform education and future research. The majority of the authors were members of the EU COST Action IS1405: Building Intrapartum Research Through Health (BIRTH). The study protocol is registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO; Registration CRD42018088300) and is published (Verhoeven, Spence, Nyman, Otten, Healy, 2019).


Assuntos
Segunda Fase do Trabalho de Parto/fisiologia , Segunda Fase do Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Tocologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Posicionamento do Paciente , Períneo , Gravidez
17.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0230992, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological aspects of labor and birth have received little attention within maternity care service planning or clinical practice. The aim of this paper is to propose a model demonstrating how neurohormonal processes, in particular oxytocinergic mechanisms, not only control the physiological aspects of labor and birth, but also contribute to the subjective psychological experiences of birth. In addition, sensory information from the uterus as well as the external environment might influence these neurohormonal processes thereby influencing the progress of labor and the experience of birth. METHODOLOGY: In this new model of childbirth, we integrated the findings from two previous systematic reviews, one on maternal plasma levels of oxytocin during physiological childbirth and one meta-synthesis of women´s subjective experiences of physiological childbirth. FINDINGS: The neurobiological processes induced by the release of endogenous oxytocin during birth influence maternal behaviour and feelings in connection with birth in order to facilitate birth. The psychological experiences during birth may promote an optimal transition to motherhood. The spontaneous altered state of consciousness, that some women experience, may well be a hallmark of physiological childbirth in humans. The data also highlights the crucial role of one-to-one support during labor and birth. The physiological importance of social support to reduce labor stress and pain necessitates a reconsideration of many aspects of modern maternity care. CONCLUSION: By listening to women's experiences and by observing women during childbirth, factors that contribute to an optimized process of labor, such as the mothers' wellbeing and feelings of safety, may be identified. These observations support the integrative role of endogenous oxytocin in coordinating the neuroendocrine, psychological and physiological aspects of labor and birth, including oxytocin mediated. decrease of pain, fear and stress, support the need for midwifery one-to-one support in labour as well as the need for maternity care that optimizes the function of these neuroendocrine processes even when birth interventions are used. Women and their partners would benefit from understanding the crucial role that endogenous oxytocin plays in the psychological and neuroendocrinological process of labor.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto/fisiologia , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Ocitocina/sangue , Parto/fisiologia , Parto/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Materno , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Tocologia , Modelos Biológicos , Período Pós-Parto/fisiologia , Período Pós-Parto/psicologia , Gravidez , Apoio Social , Estresse Fisiológico
18.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236194, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neonatal resuscitation is a life-saving intervention for birth asphyxia, a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Worldwide, four million neonate deaths happen annually, and birth asphyxia accounts for one million deaths. Improving providers' neonatal resuscitation skills is critical for delivering quality care and for morbidity and mortality reduction. However, retention of these skills has been challenging in developing countries, including Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed to assess neonatal resuscitation skills retention and associated factors among midwives and nurses in Eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted using a pre-tested, structured, observational checklist. A total of 427 midwives and nurses were included from 28 public health facilities by cluster sampling and simple random sampling methods. Data were collected on facility type, availability of essential resuscitation equipment, socio-demographic characteristics of participants, current working unit, years of professional experience, whether a nurse or midwife received refresher training, and skills and knowledge related to neonatal resuscitation. Binary logistic regression was used to analyse the association between neonatal resuscitation skill retention and independent variables. RESULTS: About 11.2% of nurses and midwives were found to have retention of neonatal resuscitation skills. Being a midwife (AOR, 7.39 [95% CI: 2.25, 24.24]), ever performing neonatal resuscitation (AOR, 3.33 [95% CI: 1.09, 10.15]), bachelor sciences degree or above (AOR, 4.21 [95% CI: 1.60, 11.00]), and good knowledge of neonatal resuscitation (AOR, 3.31 [95% CI: 1.41, 7.73]) were significantly associated with skill retention of midwives and nurses. CONCLUSION: Basic neonatal resuscitation skills of midwives and nurses in Eastern Ethiopia are not well retained. This could increase the death of neonates due to asphyxia. Being a midwife, Bachelor Sciences degree or above educational status, ever performing neonatal resuscitation, and good knowledge were associated with skill retention. Providers should be encouraged to upgrade their educational level to build their skill retention and expose themselves to NR. Further, understanding factors affecting how midwives and nurses gain and retain skills using high-level methodology are essential.


Assuntos
Asfixia Neonatal/terapia , Competência Clínica , Tocologia/educação , Enfermagem Neonatal/educação , Ressuscitação/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Lista de Checagem , Estudos Transversais , Educação em Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Etiópia , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
19.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234184, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609775

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This paper reports on the findings of the Nursing and Midwifery Exchange Program, initiated to promote rural and remote nursing and midwifery, and to facilitate clinical skills development and clinical collaboration between health services in Queensland, Australia. The project was undertaken over an 18-month period in one state of Australia, offering structured, temporary exchange of personnel between metropolitan and rural health services. BACKGROUND: Globally, there is an increasing awareness of nursing shortages, and with it, the need to ensure that nurses and midwives are prepared for specialist roles and practice. This is particularly important in rural and remote areas, where there are pre-existing barriers to access to services, and difficulties in attracting suitably qualified, permanent staff. METHODS: A mixed methods approach to the evaluation was undertaken with two cohorts. One cohort was the nurses and midwives who participated in the exchange (n = 24) and the other cohort were managers of the participating health services (n = 10). The nurses and midwives who participated in the exchange were asked to complete a questionnaire that included questions related to embeddedness and job satisfaction. The managers participated in a Delphi series of interviews. RESULTS: Those who participated in exchange reporting a higher score on the reported degree of understanding of rural client, which was accompanied with a moderate-to-large effect size estimate (d = 0.61). Nurses/midwives in the exchange group reported higher scores on their perceptions of aspects of their home community that would be lost if they had to leave, which was accompanied with a large effect size (d = 0.83). Overall, NMEP was reported by the participants to be a positive way to improve professional development opportunities for nurses and midwives. The findings also show the program supported practical collaboration and raised the profile of nursing and midwifery in rural areas. CONCLUSION: Exchange programs support clinical and professional development, raising the awareness of different contexts of practice and related skills requirements, and thereby supporting a greater understanding of different nursing roles. In the light of increasingly complex care required by patients with chronic conditions being managed in community-based services, programs such as NMEP provide the opportunity to build collaborative networks between referring and referral centres as well as contribute to the ongoing skills development.


Assuntos
Tocologia/tendências , Enfermagem Obstétrica/tendências , Adulto , Austrália , Competência Clínica , Hospitais Urbanos , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras Obstétricas , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Queensland , Serviços de Saúde Rural , População Rural , População Urbana
20.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47654

RESUMO

Diante das incertezas e falta de evidências científicas quanto à possibilidade de transmissão do novo coronavírus ao feto por mulheres grávidas diagnosticadas ou com suspeita de covid-19, médicos do Hospital das Clínicas (HC) da Faculdade de Medicina da USP (FMUSP), preparam protocolos de cuidados com os recém-nascidos durante e após o parto.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Cuidado do Lactente , Protocolos Clínicos , Tocologia
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