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1.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 23(1): 59-65, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478327

RESUMO

AIM: To verify the correlation between cone beam CT (CBCT) and spiral CT (SCT) images and direct measurement of the bone height and to verify whether bone thickness (BT) influences the accuracy of bone height measurement on CT. SETTING AND SAMPLE: One hundred and fourteen measurements were obtained in 10 dry human mandibles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The alveolar bone height was measured on volumetric and linear images. RESULTS: Negative, average and significant correlations (-0.622** to -0.489**) were verified between BT and the absolute error. When the alveolar bone thickness was at least 0.6 mm, the mean differences were 0.16 and 0.28 mm on linear images and 0.12 and 0.03 mm on volumetric images for CBCT and SCT. Additionally, these values ranged from -0.46 to 0.79 and -0.32 to 0.88 mm on linear images and from -0.64 to 0.67 and -0.57 to 0.62 mm on volumetric images for CBCT and SCT. When the alveolar bone thickness was less than 0.6 mm, the CT evaluation varied from -1.74 to 5.42 and -1.64 to 5.42 mm on linear images and from -3.70 to 4.28 mm and -3.49 to 4.25 mm on volumetric images for CBCT and SCT. CONCLUSIONS: Spiral CT and CBCT images demonstrate significant correlation with direct measurement for the alveolar bone height. Measurement of the alveolar bone labial and lingual to the mandibular incisors and canines presented higher accuracy when its thickness was greater than 0.6 mm. When the thickness was less than 0.6 mm, bone dehiscence can be diagnosed despite bone being clinically present.


Assuntos
Processo Alveolar , Incisivo , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Mandíbula , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
2.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 927-933, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826598

RESUMO

Objectives: To examine the value of multi-slice spiral CT angiography (MSCTA) in the analysis of anatomical variation and structural classification of right colon vessels. Methods: From August 2015 to August 2017, 198 patients (96 of whom underwent laparoscopic radical resection of right colon cancer) at Department of General surgery of Peking University First Hospital were retrospectively collected, and the results of abdominal enhanced CT scan were collected and three-dimensional reconstruction of blood vessels was performed. There were 104 males and 94 females. The age was 64(27) years (M(Q(R)), range: 19 to 87 years). Right gastroepiploic vein, anterior superior pancreaticoduodenal vein, right colonic vein (RCV), superior right colonic vein, ileocolon artery or vein (ICA or ICV), middle colon artery or vein (MCA or MCV) and Henle trunk were observed and recorded respectively. The anatomical relationship between the positions of blood vessels, the length of Henle trunk and surgical trunk were measured. Results: ICV and ICA were the most constant anatomic structures. The ICV/ICA of all patients came directly from SMV/SMA, 36.9% (73/198) ICV going in front of SMV and 63.1% (125/198) behind SMV. 72.2% (143/198) of the patients had RCV imported into Henle trunk and the rest into SMV. Middle colonic vein (MCV) could be observed in 81.3% (161/198) of the cases. 81.4% (131/161) of MCV were imported into SMV, 16.8% (27/161) into Henle trunk, 1.2% (2/161) into the first jejunal vein and 0.6% (1/161) into the splenic vein. Henle trunk was divided into 4 types, among which the occurrence probability of gastric node and pancreatic trunk was the highest. The dry length of Henle trunk was (0.82±0.39) cm (range: 0.37 to 1.68 cm). The length of surgical trunk was (2.54±0.83) cm (range: 1.57 to 3.95 cm). Accuracy of MSCTA results was 96.9%(93/96). Conclusions: Anatomical variation of blood vessels in the right colon is common. Abdominal CT angiography can accurately determine the anatomical structure of the blood vessels in the right colon.


Assuntos
Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colectomia/métodos , Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Estudos Retrospectivos , Circulação Esplâncnica , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Adulto Jovem
3.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(10): 1213-1220, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801709

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We propose a sparse-view helical CT iterative reconstruction algorithm based on projection of convex set tensor total generalized variation minimization (TTGV-POCS) to reduce the X-ray dose of helical CT scanning. METHODS: The three-dimensional volume data of helical CT reconstruction was viewed as the third-order tensor. The tensor generalized total variation (TTGV) was used to describe the structural sparsity of the three-dimensional image. The POCS iterative reconstruction framework was adopted to achieve a robust result of sparse-view helical CT reconstruction. The TTGV-POCS algorithm fully used the structural sparsity of first-order and second-order derivation and the correlation between the slices of helical CT image data to effectively suppress artifacts and noise in the image of sparse-view reconstruction and better preserve image edge information. RESULTS: The experimental results of XCAT phantom and patient scan data showed that the TTGVPOCS algorithm had better performance in reducing noise, removing artifacts and maintaining edges than the existing reconstruction algorithms. Comparison of the sparse-view reconstruction results of XCAT phantom data with 144 exposure views showed that the TTGV-POCS algorithm proposed herein increased the PSNR quantitative index by 9.17%-15.24% compared with the experimental comparison algorithm; the FSIM quantitative index was increased by 1.27%-9.30%. CONCLUSIONS: The TTGV-POCS algorithm can effectively improve the image quality of helical CT sparse-view reconstruction and reduce the radiation dose of helical CT examination to improve the clinical imaging diagnosis.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Doses de Radiação , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Algoritmos , Humanos , Imagens de Fantasmas
4.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(12): 969-973, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877592

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the relationship between volume of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and atrial fibrillation (AF) . Methods: A total of 207 patients who hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology, Nantong University Affiliated Hospital from January 2016 to June 2018 were included in this study. They were divided into two groups, including AF group (n=125) and sinus rhythm group (n=82). The AF group included 80 paroxysmal AF (PAF) and 45 persistent AF (PeAF) patients. Total EAT and left atrial EAT (LA-EAT) volume were measured using 256 rows of multi-slice spiral CT in all patients. Echocardiographic derived left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left atrial diameter (LAD) were analyzed. Hospholipase A2 and blood lipids were examined in all patients. The baseline data and EAT volume of all groups were compared. The multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors related to the occurrence of AF. The correlation between total EAT volume and LA-EAT volume and LAD were analyzed by Pearson correlation. Result: The volume of total EAT in patients with sinus rhythm, AF, PAF and PeAF were (92.2±32.1), (136.0±46.0), (134.2±46.3) and (140.1±52.6)cm(3), respectively. The volume of LA-EAT in patients with sinus rhythm, AF, PeAF and PAF were (27.1±7.5), (39.2±19.2), (35.9± 17.0) and (45.1±21.5)cm(3), respectively. Total EAT and LA-EAT volume were significantly larger in PAF and PeAF groups than in sinus rhythm group (all P<0.01). The LA-EAT volume was larger in PeAF group than in PAF group (P<0.01), but total EAT volume was similar between two groups (P>0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that total EAT volume (OR=1.202, 95%CI 1.083-1.334, P=0.001), LA-EAT volume (OR=1.051, 95%CI 1.003-1.101, P=0.037) and LAD (OR=1.019, 95%CI 1.005-1.032, P=0.006) were the independent related factors of AF. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the total EAT volume was positively correlated with LAD (r=0.466, P<0.01) and LA-EAT volume was positively correlated with LAD (r=0.290, P<0.01). Conclusion: The volume of total EAT and LA-EAT measured by 256-row multi-slice spiral CT is significantly correlated with the incidence of AF.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Tecido Adiposo , Átrios do Coração , Humanos , Pericárdio , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(10): 984-989, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630498

RESUMO

Objective: To study the sensitivity of multi-slice spiral CT in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in different lymph node stations of gastric cancer. Methods: A retrospective series of case study was employed in the research. Inclusion criteria: (1) patients undergoing preoperative abdominal CT scan plus enhanced examination, and data in the image archiving and communication system of Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center; (2) patients undergoing total or subtotal gastrectomy plus D2 or D1+ lymphadenectomy, with more than 15 harvested lymph nodes and more than 1 metastatic lymph node confirmed by postoperative pathology; (3) WHO pathological classification defined as gastric adenocarcinoma; (4) no history of lymph node tuberculosis, giant lymph node hyperplasia, lymphoma or other diseases resulting in enlarged lymph nodes; (5) no history of gastrectomy; (6) no preoperative neoadjuvant therapy. Clinicopathologic data of gastric cancer patients at the Department of Gastric and Pancreatic Surgery, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 2009 to December 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. Using the pathologically positive lymph nodes as a reference, the sensitivity of CT-positive lymph nodes was calculated (total number of positive image lymph nodes/total number of positive pathological lymph nodes) and complete coincidence rate (number of case defined as complete coincidence/number of case with positive pathologic lymph nodes; complete coincidence indicated that the number of positive image lymph nodes was consistent with the number of positive pathologic lymph nodes in each lymph node station). The χ(2) test was used to compare the sensitivity of CT in the diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in each lymph node station. Results: A total of 228 patients with pathology-proven gastric cancer were enrolled in the study, including 147 male and 81 female. The overall sensitivity of CT in diagnosis of metastatic lymph nodes in gastric cancer was 68.7% (1769/2576). The sensitivity of CT in diagnosis of lymph node metastasis of groups 1 to 8 from high to low was group 3 [81.1% (506/624)], group 7 [73.9% (246/333)], group 2 [70.3% (111/158)], group 6 [68.7% (248/361)], group 4 [68.1% (262/385)], group 8 [60.4% (116/192)], group 1 [53.8% (155/288)], group 5 [47.1% (82/174)]. The CT diagnostic sensitivity of group 3 was significantly higher than the overall level (χ(2)=37.689, P<0.001). The CT diagnostic sensitivity of group 5 was significantly lower than the overall level (χ(2)=34.387, P<0.001). The CT diagnostic sensitivity of group 1 was also significantly lower than the overall level (χ(2)=25.918, P<0.001). Significant differences were not found in the CT diagnostic sensitivity of group 2, 4, 6, 7, 8 compared with the overall level (all P>0.05). The complete coincidence rate was 56.9% (536/942) between pathological positive lymph nodes and CT positive lymph nodes. The highest complete coincidence rate was observed in group 3 (68.0%, 123/181) and the lowest was in group 1 (41.4%, 46/111), whose difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=9.673, P=0.002). Conclusion: The sensitivity of CT in diagnosis of lymph nodes in different lymph node stations of gastric cancer is different.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
6.
Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi ; 75(10): 1141-1149, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631107

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ichihara et al. (Fujita Med J 2015; 1(1): 9-14) developed a method to simultaneously obtain both coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography and CT myocardial perfusion (CTP) using 64-multi detector CT (MDCT). An input-function (time enhancement curve, TEC) of the ascending aorta (Ao) and myocardial CT density are necessary to calculate absolute myocardial blood flow (ml/g/min) using a two-compartment model. Helical scan starting timing is important to capture the peak (P) of Ao time enhancement curve (TEC). The purpose is to search the optimal timing of starting helical scan to capture the P. METHODS: We performed 14 CTPs using Definition AS+ (SIEMENS). A dynamic scan at the Ao level was started at 7 s after contrast injection and helical scan was started at various trigger on bolus tracking. Definition AS+ needs 2 s (other scanner may need 4 s) for changing from a dynamic to helical scan mode. We created TECs of pulmonary artery (PA) and Ao using the fifth function fitting. We measured the time from trigger point to the P (t200, t250, t300 and tCP). RESULTS: Mean t200, t250, t300 and tCP were 9.1±1.9, 7.9±2.0, 6.6±1.9 and 3.9±1.2 s, respectively. In additional other 16 CTP studies using the cross point method, we can capture the P in all (100%) examinations. CONCLUSION: Scan starting at the cross point is best for Definition AS+, and the Ao=300 HU may be best for other scanner that needs 4 s for changing scan mode to obtain a fine input function for calculating absolute myocardial blood flow.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Meios de Contraste , Angiografia Coronária , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Cintilografia , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Eur J Radiol ; 119: 108657, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521876

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigated the impact of gender differences on the diagnostic performance of machine-learning based coronary CT angiography (cCTA)-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFRML) for the detection of lesion-specific ischemia. METHOD: Five centers enrolled 351 patients (73.5% male) with 525 vessels in the MACHINE (Machine leArning Based CT angiograpHy derIved FFR: a Multi-ceNtEr) registry. CT-FFRML and invasive FFR ≤ 0.80 were considered hemodynamically significant, whereas cCTA luminal stenosis ≥50% was considered obstructive. The diagnostic performance to assess lesion-specific ischemia in both men and women was assessed on a per-vessel basis. RESULTS: In total, 398 vessels in men and 127 vessels in women were included. Compared to invasive FFR, CT-FFRML reached a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 78% (95%CI 72-84), 79% (95%CI 73-84), 75% (95%CI 69-79), and 82% (95%CI: 76-86) in men vs. 75% (95%CI 58-88), 81 (95%CI 72-89), 61% (95%CI 50-72) and 89% (95%CI 82-94) in women, respectively. CT-FFRML showed no statistically significant difference in the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) in men vs. women (AUC: 0.83 [95%CI 0.79-0.87] vs. 0.83 [95%CI 0.75-0.89], p = 0.89). CT-FFRML was not superior to cCTA alone [AUC: 0.83 (95%CI: 0.75-0.89) vs. 0.74 (95%CI: 0.65-0.81), p = 0.12] in women, but showed a statistically significant improvement in men [0.83 (95%CI: 0.79-0.87) vs. 0.76 (95%CI: 0.71-0.80), p = 0.007]. CONCLUSIONS: Machine-learning based CT-FFR performs equally in men and women with superior diagnostic performance over cCTA alone for the detection of lesion-specific ischemia.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Angiografia Coronária/normas , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Fatores Sexuais , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/normas
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(9): 1276-1280, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489866

RESUMO

Aims: The present study aims to improve the design of cementless femoral prosthesis stem and achieve better bone ingrowth and long-term stability. Materials and Methods: Four models with different directional hollow holes at the proximal end of femoral prosthesis were designed and finite element analysis was applied to calculate the magnitude of conducting force within the differently angled holes and the stress distribution of the femur and prosthesis. Results: Holes in prostheses make no difference on the stress values of femoral inner walls. The conducting forces in models trepanned on the lateral plane were 6.60N (0° pore) and 8.40N (45° pore) while forces in models trepanned on the anterior-posterior planes were 0.45N (upper 0° pore), 0.48N (lower 0° pore) and 1.57N (upper 45° pore), 1.51N (lower 45° pore), respectively. Conclusion: The position and direction of hollow holes influenced the conducting force in holes but had no influence on stress values of femoral inner walls. Prostheses with one 45° hole trepanned on the lateral plane of proximal prostheses presented best in elevating conducting force.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Fêmur/cirurgia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Prótese de Quadril , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Porosidade , Desenho de Prótese/normas , Estresse Mecânico , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
9.
Radiol Med ; 124(12): 1199-1211, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a growing awareness that prevention and early diagnosis may reduce the high mortality associated with cancer, cardiovascular and other diseases. The role of whole-body computed tomography (WB-CT) in self-referred and asymptomatic patients has been debated. AIM: To determine frequency and spectrum of WB-CT findings in average-risk subjects derived from a Medical-Check-Up-Unit, to evaluate recommendations reported and distribution according to sex and age-groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 6516 subjects who underwent WB-CT (June 2004/February 2015). All were > 40 years and referred by Medical-Check-Up-Unit of our hospital. The main findings were categorized and classified as normal or not. Its distribution according to sex and age-groups was evaluated using Chi-square test and linear-by-linear association test, respectively. Number of recommendations, type and interval of follow-up were recorded. Descriptive statistics were used. RESULTS: WB-CT performed in 6516 patients (69% men, 31% women, mean age = 58.4 years) revealed chest (81.4%), abdominal (93.06%) and spine (65.39%) abnormalities. Only 1.60% had completely normal exploration. Abnormal WB-CT in men was significantly higher than women (98.64% vs. 97.87%; p = 0.021), with significant increase as age was higher (40-49 years: 95.65%; 50-59 years: 98.33%; 60-69 years: 99.47%; > 69 years: 99.89%) (p < 0.001). Although most findings were benign, we detected 1.47% primary tumors (96, mainly 35 kidneys and 15 lungs). 17.39% of patients received at least one recommendation predominantly in chest (78.19%) and follow-up imaging (69.89%). CONCLUSION: The most common WB-CT findings in asymptomatic subjects are benign. However, this examination allows identifying an important number of relevant and precocious findings that significantly increase with age, involving changes in lifestyle and precocious treatment.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Admissão de Pacientes , Doenças Assintomáticas , Achados Incidentais , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/métodos , Abdome/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Doses de Radiação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
10.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 126: 109601, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369970

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Perilymph gusher (PLG), an uncommon complication of otologic surgery, has been attributed to communication between the cochlea and the internal auditory canal (IAC). Subtle osseous defects may be missed on routine review of computed tomography (CT). This study aimed to quantify cochlear basal turn patency not seen on axial CT in patients with PLG and compare those against patients without intraoperative PLG. METHODS: Ears that underwent cochlear implantation or stapedotomy with preoperative helical CT that was interpreted as "normal" at a tertiary referral center. An otologist and a radiologist independently and in a blinded fashion measured the dimensions of cochlear basal turn patency on CT images in oblique plane and parasagittal planes along the interface of the cochlea and IAC fundus. RESULTS: Sixty-one ears were reviewed, including 3 with surgically confirmed PLGs and 12 with apparent dehiscence without a PLG. Mean defect width with PLG was 0.83 mm (range 0.75-0.9 mm) and without PLG was 0.43 mm (range 0.3-0.65 mm, p = 0.011). A greater proportion of PLGs occurred in ears with defects (3 of 15) than in ears without (0 of 46, p = 0.013). Using a cutoff of 0.75 mm, a greater proportion of PLGs occurred with defect width >0.75 mm (3 of 3) than in defects <0.75 mm (0 of 12, p = 0.022). CONCLUSIONS: CT dehiscence between the IAC and cochlear basal turn, particularly with a width > 0.75 mm, should be considered a risk for PLG with stapedotomy or cochlear implantation.


Assuntos
Implante Coclear , Orelha Interna/anormalidades , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Perilinfa , Cirurgia do Estribo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Cóclea/anormalidades , Cóclea/diagnóstico por imagem , Orelha Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Estudos Retrospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Adulto Jovem
11.
Eur J Radiol ; 118: 231-238, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439247

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cervical lymph node (LN) metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is critical for treatment and prognosis. We explored the feasibility of using radiomics to preoperatively predict cervical LN metastasis in PTC patients. METHOD: Total 221 PTC patients (training cohort: n = 154; validation cohort: n = 67; divided randomly at the ratio of 7:3) were enrolled and divided into 2 groups based on LN pathologic diagnosis (N0: n = 118; N1a and N1b: n = 88 and 15, respectively). We extracted 546 radiomic features from non-contrast and venous contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) images. We selected 8 groups of candidate feature sets by minimum redundancy maximum relevance (mRMR), and obtained 8 radiomic sub-signatures by support vector machine (SVM) to construct the radiomic signature. Incorporating the radiomic signature, CT-reported cervical LN status and clinical risk factors, a nomogram was constructed using multivariable logistic regression. The nomogram's calibration, discrimination, and clinical utility were assessed. RESULTS: The radiomic signature was associated significantly with cervical LN status (p < 0.01 for both training and validation cohorts). The radiomic signature showed better predictive performance than any radiomic sub-signatures devised by SVM. Addition of radiomic signature to the nomogram improved the predictive value (area under the curve (AUC), 0.807 to 0.867) in the training cohort; this was confirmed in an independent validation cohort (AUC, 0.795 to 0.822). Good agreement was observed using calibration curves in both cohorts. Decision curve analysis demonstrated the radiomic nomogram was worthy of clinical application. CONCLUSIONS: Our radiomic nomogram improved the preoperative prediction of cervical LN metastasis in PTC patients.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Meios de Contraste , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Pescoço , Nomogramas , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/métodos , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Med Imaging ; 19(1): 75, 2019 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In recent years, skeletal muscle-related ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) has become more common. IRI can lead to severe limb injuries, multiple organ failure, and even death in some cases. However, there is still a lack of rapid and sensitive detection methods for IRI in skeletal muscle. This study aims to explore the value of computed tomography perfusion imaging (CTPI) and color-coded digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in assessing acute IRI of skeletal muscle in a rabbit model. METHODS: Fifty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to the ischemia-reperfusion (IR) group (n = 40) or sham group (n = 10). After 3 h of surgically-induced hindlimb ischemia, the IR group underwent reperfusion and CTPI and color-coded DSA were taken to assess the skeletal muscle at 0, 6, 12, or 24 h post-reperfusion. The data from CTPI and DSA in the right and left hindlimbs, blood flow (AF-R/L), blood volume (BV-R/L), contrast clearance rate (C-R/L) and the maximum contrast enhancement values (peak-R/L) were obtained. Serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), creatine kinase (CK), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured. The statistical correlation between the above parameters (CTPI, color-coded DSA, and biochemical markers) was analyzed. RESULTS: The mean value of AF-R/L, BV-R/L, C-R/L and peak-R/L decreased linearly from 1.07 ± 0.08 to 0.75 ± 0.11, 1.03 ± 0.06 to 0.85 ± 0.14, 0.93 ± 0.15 to 0.71 ± 0.18, and 1.07 ± 0.01 to 0.47 ± 0.04, respectively. The correlation coefficients between AF-R/L and SOD, CK, LDH and MDA were 0.57, - 0.44, - 0.60, and - 0.62, respectively (p < 0.001). The correlation coefficients between Peak-R/L and SOD, CK, LDH, MDA were 0.59, 0.68, 0.71 and 0.66, respectively (p < 0.001). The correlation coefficient between AF-R/L and Peak-R/L was 0.70 (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Both CTPI and color-coded DSA could dynamically assess skeletal muscle IRI in rabbits.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Perfusão/métodos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Digital , Animais , Creatina Quinase/metabolismo , Lactato Desidrogenases/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16374, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305437

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy and clinical application value of multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT) enhanced scans combined with multiplanar reformations (MPRs) images compared with postoperative pathological results in preoperative T staging of rectal cancer.One hundred sixty-eight consecutive patients with rectal cancer were admitted in our hospital between January 2013 and October 2018. Conventional MSCT plain scans, multi-phase dynamic contrast-enhanced scans, and MPRs were performed in all patients before surgical operation. The preoperative T staging of the rectal cancer lesions was evaluated using MSCT enhanced scans combined with MPRs, which was verified by postoperative pathological results. The diagnostic accuracy of MSCT enhanced scans combined with MPRs in evaluating T staging of the rectal cancer lesions were analyzed by χ test and Kappa test.Compared with postoperative pathology, T staging using MSCT enhanced scans combined with MPRs had overall accuracy of 85.7%. Consistency between MSCT enhanced scans combined with MPRs and postoperative pathological staging was effective for T staging (Kappa = 0.658, χ = 4.200, P = .122).Conventional MSCT enhanced scans combined with MPRs are simple and feasible. It is consistent with the pathological diagnosis of evaluating T staging in the rectal cancer lesions. It can provide reliable imaging evidence for the preoperative evaluation of primary rectal cancer, especially in patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contraindications, or in grass-roots hospitals due to lack of MRI equipment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol ; 125: 107-112, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical, imaging and pathological features of congenital infiltrating lipomatosis of the face (CILF) and to discuss whether it is a subtype of hemifacial hyperplasia (HH). METHODS: Sixteen patients diagnosed with CILF were included in this study. All patients had undergone panoramic radiography and spiral CT examinations. Thirteen patients received biopsy, surgery treatment and pathological examination. The clinical documentation and imaging data were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The cheeks (14/16), parotid glands (12/16), tongues (9/16), masticatory muscles (8/16) and the lips (7/16) were the most frequently affected soft tissue organs. The maxilla (14/16), zygoma (13/16), mandible (13/16) were involved among the maxillofacial bones. Dental malformations included macrodontia (8/16), poor formation of the roots (7/16), accelerated tooth germ development or premature eruption of permanent teeth (7/16) and missing of the permanent teeth (4/16). All malformations were restricted to one side of the face and did not trespass the middle line. Pathologically, CILF was featured by the diffuse infiltration of redundant mature adipose tissue into the tissue of the affected organ. CONCLUSION: CILF is a congenital developmental facial malformation characterized by infiltration of nonencapsulated, mature adipose tissue, resulting in facial soft and hard tissue hypertrophy and dental malformations in hemifacial structures. CILF could be considered as a subtype of HH.


Assuntos
Face/anormalidades , Face/cirurgia , Assimetria Facial/congênito , Hiperplasia/etiologia , Lipomatose/congênito , Lipomatose/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Face/diagnóstico por imagem , Assimetria Facial/diagnóstico por imagem , Assimetria Facial/etiologia , Assimetria Facial/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperplasia/cirurgia , Lipomatose/cirurgia , Masculino , Radiografia Panorâmica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Anormalidades Dentárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Anormalidades Dentárias/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 15(3): 708-711, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169247

RESUMO

Transitional cell carcinoma also known as nonkeratinizing carcinoma (NKCa) of sinonasal tract comprises 15%-20% of malignant sinonasal carcinoma. We are reporting the case of 48-year-old male with a history of tooth extraction. A computed tomography was done which showed opacity in the right nasal cavity. Incisional biopsy was taken which revealed NKCa (transitional type). Very few reported cases of this type of malignancy were found. A possible reason could be multiple synonyms such as cylindrical cell carcinoma, Schneiderian carcinoma, and transitional cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasais/diagnóstico , Biópsia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Seio Maxilar/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
16.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 20(7): 160-165, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165567

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We propose a novel method to assess overbeaming and overranging, as well as the effect of reducing longitudinal exposure range, by using a dynamic z-collimator in area detector computed tomography. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A 500-mm diameter cylindrical imaging plate was exposed by helical scanning in a dark room. The beam collimation of the helical acquisitions was set at 32 and 80 mm. Overbeaming and overranging with the dynamic z-collimator were measured. RESULTS: The actual beam widths were approximately 39 and 88 mm at 32 and 80 mm collimation, respectively, and were relatively reduced owing to increased beam collimation. Overranging was 27.0 and 48.2 mm with a pitch of 0.83 and 1.49 at 32 mm collimation and 72.5 and 83.1 mm with a pitch of 0.87 and 0.99 at 80 mm collimation. The dynamic z-collimator relatively reduced the overranging by 17.3% and 17.1% for the 32 and 80 mm collimation, respectively. CONCLUSION: We devised a method to simultaneously measure overbeaming and overranging with only one helical acquisition. Although the dynamic z-collimator reduced the overranging by approximately 17%, wider collimation widths and higher pitch settings would increase the exposure dose outside the scan range.


Assuntos
Imagens de Fantasmas , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/instrumentação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Doses de Radiação , Proteção Radiológica , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral/instrumentação
17.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(10): 1935-1942, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172392

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to compare the radiation dose and image quality of two CT protocols using a wide-detector computed tomography (WDCT) scanner with single contrast injection for simultaneous evaluation of the aorta and coronary artery. We retrospectively included 104 consecutive patients who underwent coronary and aorta CT angiography. CT Protocols were divided as follows: protocol I, variable helical pitch scan (VHP, n = 31); protocol II, volume scan for coronary artery following helical scan for aorta (VFH, n = 73). Vascular attenuation, noise, signal-to-noise (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR) were compared. Image parameters were measured at coronary artery, thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, and iliofemoral arteries. Subjective image quality was assessed by two observers. The patient characteristics between groups were similar (P ≥ 0.384). There were no significant differences in any of the quantitative image parameters between the two groups except for the thoracic aorta. Vascular attenuation (469.2 ± 133.6 vs. 605.9 ± 140.2 HU), CNR (24.8 ± 11.4 vs. 37.3 ± 18.5), and SNR (28.4 ± 12.0 vs. 40.6 ± 19.5 ml) were higher in the VHP protocol (P < 0.001 for each) for covering the thoracic aorta. However, all subjective image scores guaranteed diagnostic image quality. The effective radiation dose of the VFH protocol was reduced to 27.2% compared with that of the VHP protocol (443.8 ± 115.8 vs. 706.7 ± 163.7 mGy·cm, P < 0.001). WDCT with single contrast injection allows assessment of both the coronary artery and aorta. The VFH protocol can reduce the radiation dose and preserve the image quality compared with that of the VHP protocol.


Assuntos
Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Meios de Contraste/administração & dosagem , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Iopamidol/análogos & derivados , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Iopamidol/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(3): 525-529, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively analyze image quality of two sets of phantom (CatPhan504 and Cheese) Megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) images acquired by Helical Tomotherapy with three scanning modes (Fine, Normal and Coarse), and to explore and validate a semi-automatic quality assurance procedure for MVCT images of Helical Tomotherapy. METHODS: On Helical Tomotherapy, CatPan504 and Cheese phantoms were scanned with three pitch levels (Fine, Normal, Coarse: 4 mm, 8 mm, 12 mm/circle) respectively. Pylinac, Matlab and Eclipse were used to calculate and compare spatial resolution, noise level and low contrast resolution of images obtained under three scanning modes respectively. The spatial resolution can be evaluated by the blurring of line-pair CT value in the images of CatPhan504's CTP528 module. The noise level can be evaluated by the integral non-uniformity in the images of Cheese's uniformity module. the low contrast resolution can be evaluated by contrast-to-noise ratio of both phantoms' plug-in module, or visibility of the region of interest (Supra-Slice) in the images of CatPhan504's CTP515 module. RESULTS: Analyses on CatPhan504's line pair module(CTP528 module) showed that the first three line pairs(the gap size are 0.500 cm, 0.250 cm and 0.167 cm respectively) could be clearly observed but blurring began to occur from the fourth line pair(the gap size is 0.125 cm) under Coarse mode. Meanwhile, the first four line pairs were all observable under the Normal and Fine modes. Integral non-integrity index(the value negatively correlated with the noise level) were 0.155 7, 0.136 8 and 0.122 9 for Coarse, Normal and Fine modes respectively. None of the Supra-Slice in CatPhan504's CTP515 module could be observed under three imaging modes. Low contrast contrast-to-noise ratio of Cheese phantom was similar under three modes and the insert visibility exhibited nearly linear growth with the increasing difference between CT average value of the insert material and background. CONCLUSION: Superiority and inferiority of three image modes in terms of the three image quality index was not consistent. Evaluation results above could provide reference for more rational decision on scanning modes selection of helical tomotherapy, which was based on image visualization demands in clinical practice. The proposed method could also provide guidance for similar image quality assessment and periodic quality assurance.


Assuntos
Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Imagens de Fantasmas , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Rev. Soc. Andal. Traumatol. Ortop. (Ed. impr.) ; 36(2): 48-55, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184176

RESUMO

Las fracturas de húmero proximal constituyen la tercera fractura osteoporótica en frecuencia. Con una población cada vez más añosa y con la osteoporosis como uno de los principales factores de riesgo de fracaso de la osteosíntesis, se requieren nuevas técnicas de mejora de la fijación que impidan el desplazamiento en varo de la cabeza humeral. En los últimos años no sólo se han mejorado los sistemas de placas al añadir tornillos de bloqueo sino que además se han desarrollado técnicas como la suplementación con tornillo inferomedial, la cementación de los tornillos o el aporte de injerto estructural. En este estudio presentamos dos casos de fracturas de húmero proximal en pacientes con mala calidad ósea que fueron tratados con aloinjerto estructural de peroné intramedular y hacemos una revisión bibliográfica al respecto


Proximal humerus fractures constitute the third osteoporotic fracture in frequency. With an increasingly elderly population and with osteoporosis as one of the main risk factors for osteosynthesis failure, new fixation improvement techniques are required that prevent varus displacement of the humeral head. In recent years, not only have plate systems been improved by adding locking screws, but techniques such as inferomedial screw supplementation, screw cementation or structural grafting have also been developed. In this study, we present two cases of fractures of the proximal humerus in patients with poor bone quality who were treated with structural allograft of the intramedullary fibula and we make a bibliographic review in this regard


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Idoso , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Aloenxertos , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Tomografia Computadorizada Espiral
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