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1.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1218-1229, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564157

RESUMO

AIMS: Abnormal femoral torsion (FT) is increasingly recognized as an additional cause for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). It is unknown if in-toeing of the foot is a specific diagnostic sign for increased FT in patients with symptomatic FAI. The aims of this study were to determine: 1) the prevalence and diagnostic accuracy of in-toeing to detect increased FT; 2) if foot progression angle (FPA) and tibial torsion (TT) are different among patients with abnormal FT; and 3) if FPA correlates with FT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, institutional review board (IRB)-approved, controlled study of 85 symptomatic patients (148 hips) with FAI or hip dysplasia was performed in the gait laboratory. All patients had a measurement of FT (pelvic CT scan), TT (CT scan), and FPA (optical motion capture system). We allocated all patients to three groups with decreased FT (< 10°, 37 hips), increased FT (> 25°, 61 hips), and normal FT (10° to 25°, 50 hips). Cluster analysis was performed. RESULTS: We found a specificity of 99%, positive predictive value (PPV) of 93%, and sensitivity of 23% for in-toeing (FPA < 0°) to detect increased FT > 25°. Most of the hips with normal or decreased FT had no in-toeing (false-positive rate of 1%). Patients with increased FT had significantly (p < 0.001) more in-toeing than patients with decreased FT. The majority of the patients (77%) with increased FT walk with a normal foot position. The correlation between FPA and FT was significant (r = 0.404, p < 0.001). Five cluster groups were identified. CONCLUSION: In-toeing has a high specificity and high PPV to detect increased FT, but increased FT can be missed because of the low sensitivity and high false-negative rate. These results can be used for diagnosis of abnormal FT in patients with FAI or hip dysplasia undergoing hip arthroscopy or femoral derotation osteotomy. However, most of the patients with increased FT walk with a normal foot position. This can lead to underestimation or misdiagnosis of abnormal FT. We recommend measuring FT with CT/MRI scans in all patients with FAI. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1218-1229.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Imagem Tridimensional , Metatarso Valgo/diagnóstico por imagem , Metatarso Varo/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Impacto Femoroacetabular/diagnóstico por imagem , Fêmur/fisiopatologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Metatarso Valgo/epidemiologia , Metatarso Varo/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteotomia/métodos , Prevalência , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Anormalidade Torcional/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
2.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(9): 1196-1200, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489853

RESUMO

Background: Septoplasty is one of the frequently applied nasal surgical procedures. There is still no gold standart objective method to evaluate the patients whom suffers from nasal blockage. To evaluate the septoplasty candidate with a Paranasal Computerised Tomography (PNCT) is one of the most discussed topic in the otorhinolaryngology surgical philosophy. Objectives: In this study, we aim to interpret the value of nasal valve areas measured by PNCT for both septoplasty candidates and the control population. We believe that this information could be useful for the evaluation of patients before undergoing a septoplasty procedure. Material and Methods: 600 coronal and axial tomography sections performed between May 2014 and February 2018 at the University Of Gaziantep Radiology Dept. were assessed. These tomography sections were divided into two groups called the septoplasty and the control. The septoplasty group was made up of three hundred paranasal sinus tomography images scanned before patients' septoplasty operations. The control group was created by screening 300 maxillofacial tomography's which were taken due to the suspicion of trauma at the University Of Gaziantep Emergency Clinic between May 2014 and January 2018. Results: There were 192 (64%) patients with left nasal septal deviation and 108 (36%) patients with right nasal septal deviation. The Independent Sample T-Test revealed that the mean internal nasal valve angle in the left septoplasty group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P < 0.005). A comparison of the right side nasal values revealed a significant statistical change according to the Independent Sample T-Test between the value of the right septoplasty and the control groups (P < 0.005). Conclusion: The sectional areas of nasal tomography images may show different values. However, it is still difficult to say that the clinical application of tomography images could be used as one of the indication criteria for the septoplasty procedure.


Assuntos
Septo Nasal/anormalidades , Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico por imagem , Rinoplastia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obstrução Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Obstrução Nasal/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17142, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517856

RESUMO

Morphological data of talus are important for the design of talar prostheses. The talar morphology of Chinese population has been rarely reported. This study adopted a three-dimensional (3D) measurement approach to provide accurate data for the anatomical morphology of talus in Northeast Chinese population and compared it with that of foreigners.One hundred forty-six healthy subjects form Northeast China underwent computed tomography (CT) arthrography. 3D digital talar model was reconstructed and thirteen morphological parameters were measured through Mimics and Magics software. Length and breadth indexes of total talus, trochlea, medial and lateral malleolus articular surface were mainly selected. Statistical analysis was conducted by independent-samples and paired-samples t test through SPSS software.All the indexes were normally distributed. No significant difference between left and right talus was identified in either males or females (P > .05). Most of the indexes showed significant sexual differences except the radian of lateral malleolus articular surface and the posterior breadth of trochlea (P < .05). The talar anatomy of Chinese subjects is different from the published data in other populations.The promising approach adopted in this study addresses some inconvenience with previous conventional methods on cadaver specimens. The geometric parameters of talus in Chinese population differ from those in other populations. The talar measurements and morphology analysis in this study suggest that population characteristics should be taken into account. This study will provide references for the design of talar prostheses in Chinese population.


Assuntos
Imagem Tridimensional , Ossos do Tarso/anatomia & histologia , Ossos do Tarso/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Tamanho do Órgão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Caracteres Sexuais , Software , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Urologiia ; (4 ()): 25-27, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535794

RESUMO

Imaging studies play a crucial role in the diagnosis of urologic diseases. X-ray and ultrasound studies are used as first-line diagnostic methods. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MD-CT and MRI), radionuclide and hybrid methods allow to clarify diagnosis. Currently, the trend "from simple to complex" contributes to obtaining maximum information in the shortest possible time with a minimum cost.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Urológico/tendências , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doenças Urológicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Urologia/tendências , Alemanha , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/tendências , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/tendências , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/tendências , Urografia
5.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(8): e8513, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365695

RESUMO

Phenotypic differences have been described between patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) and SSc-associated pulmonary hypertension, including performance differences in the 6-min walk test (6MWT). Moreover, the correlations between the 6MWT and traditional pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are weak, indicating the need to search for new parameters that explain exercise performance. Thus, our objective was to evaluate the impact of ventilation distribution heterogeneity assessed by the nitrogen single-breath washout (N2SBW) test and peripheral muscle dysfunction on the exercise capacity in patients with SSc-ILD and limited involvement of the pulmonary parenchyma. In this cross-sectional study, 20 women with SSc-ILD and 20 matched controls underwent PFTs (including spirometry, diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLco), and the N2SBW test) and performed the 6MWT and knee isometric dynamometry. The 6-min walking distance (6MWD, % predicted) was strongly correlated with the phase III slope of the single-breath nitrogen washout (phase III slopeN2SBW) (r=-0.753, P<0.0001) and reasonably correlated with the forced vital capacity (FVC) (r=0.466, P=0.008) and DLco (r=0.398, P=0.011). The peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) during exercise was not significantly correlated with any of the pulmonary or muscle function parameters. The phase III slopeN2SBW was the only predictive variable for the 6MWD, whereas quadriceps strength and FVC/DLco were predictive variables for SpO2. Ventilation distribution heterogeneity is one factor that contributes to a lower 6MWD in SSc-ILD patients. In addition, muscle dysfunction and abnormal lung diffusion at least partly explain the decreased SpO2 of these patients.


Assuntos
Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/fisiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Medidas de Volume Pulmonar/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ventilação Pulmonar , Doença de Raynaud/complicações , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia , Teste de Caminhada/métodos
7.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(4): 786-793, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The single-arm ROSiA study evaluated frontline bevacizumab for advanced ovarian cancer. We explored how discordant surgically and radiologically assessed postoperative residual disease affects outcomes. METHODS: After debulking surgery, 1021 patients received 4 to 8 cycles of carboplatin-paclitaxel plus bevacizumab until progression or up to 24 months. The primary endpoint was safety; progression-free survival (PFS) was a secondary endpoint. We performed post hoc exploratory PFS analyses in four subgroups: surgeon-reported no visible residuum (NVR) without target lesions; surgeon-reported NVR with target lesions; macroscopic (≤1 cm) residuum; and >1 cm residuum. RESULTS: Surgical and radiological assessments were concordant in 94% of patients; 61 patients (6%; 21% of those with surgeon-reported NVR) had NVR with target lesions. Median PFS was numerically longest in patients with concordant surgically/radiologically assessed NVR (35.5 months), intermediate for surgeon-reported NVR with target lesions (31.8 months), and shortest for visible residuum (27.9 and 20.2 months for visible residuum ≤1 and >1 cm, respectively). One-year and 2-year PFS rates showed the same pattern. CONCLUSIONS: These analyses suggest that prognosis is potentially worse in patients with radiologically detected target lesions despite surgeon-reported NVR compared with concordant NVR by both assessment methods. Postsurgical imaging may add valuable prognostic information.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Neoplasia Residual/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/patologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinossarcoma/mortalidade , Carcinossarcoma/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Cancer Radiother ; 23(6-7): 753-760, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427076

RESUMO

Imaging provides the basis for radiotherapy. Multi-modality images are used for target delineation (primary tumor and nodes, boost volume) and organs at risk, treatment guidance, outcome prediction, and treatment assessment. Next to anatomical information, more and more functional imaging is being used. The current paper provides a brief overview of the different applications of imaging techniques used in the radiotherapy process, focusing on uncertainties and QA. The paper mainly focuses on PET and MRI, but also provides a short discussion on DCE-CT. A close collaboration between radiology, nuclear medicine and radiotherapy departments provides the key to improve the quality of radiotherapy. Jointly developed imaging protocols (RT position setup, immobilization tools, lasers, flat table…), and QA programs are mandatory. For PET, suitable windowing in consultation with a Nuclear Medicine Physician is crucial (differentiation benign/malignant lesions, artifacts…). A basic knowledge of MRI sequences is required, in such a way that geometrical distortions are easily recognized by all members the RT and RT physics team. If this is not the case, then the radiologist should be introduced systematically in the delineation process and multidisciplinary meetings need to be organized regularly. For each image modality and each image registration process, the associated uncertainties need to be determined and integrated in the PTV margin. When using functional information for dose painting, response assessment or outcome prediction, collaboration between the different departments is even more important. Limitations of imaging based biomarkers (specificity, sensitivity) should be known.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Incerteza , Artefatos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/normas , Imagem Multimodal/normas , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/patologia , Imagens de Fantasmas , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/normas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
9.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 601-606, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422630

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic value of CT for lymph node metastasis of thoracic esophageal carcinoma with a diameter of more than 1 cm, and to find the optimal diagnostic index by comparing relevant CT indexes. Methods: Totally 80 patients with pathologically proved thoracic esophageal cancer with preoperative CT examination revealed lymph node diameter greater than 1 cm admitted at Department of Thoracic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from January 2016 to January 2018 were enrolled in this study. There were 70 males and 10 females, aging of (60±14) years (range: 40-85 years). According to the pathological result of lymph nodes, all the patients and lymph nodes were divided into two groups (N+group: 47 patients, 62 lymph nodes; N-group: 33 patients, 39 lymph nodes). The average number of dissected lymph nodes were 21±4 and 101 lymph nodes' diameter were greater than 1 cm. The clinicopathologic factors, postoperative complications, lymph node dissection and relevant CT indexes like the minimum diameter of lymph nodes (Min D), the maximum diameter of lymph node (Max D), lymph node axial ratio(LAR), the enhancement of lymph node (ELN) and the boundary of lymph node (BLN) were compared. The clinicopathological data, lymph node dessection and CT parameters of the two groups were compared by t test, χ(2) test or Wilcoxon rank sum test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to compare the ability to predict lymph node metastasis between Min D, Max D, LAR, ELN and BLN. Multiple Logistic regression analysis were performed to determine the independent variables for prediction of lymph node metastasis. Results: The difference of tumor segmentation, pN stage, pTNM stage, total number of metastatic lymph nodes, total number of abdominal lymph node metastases, Min D, Max D, ELN and BLN between the two groups were statistically significant. The results of univariate and multivariate analyses showed that gender (OR=0.128, 95%CI: 0.019 to 0.858, P=0.034), pTNM stage (OR=1.514, 95%CI: 1.020 to 2.247, P=0.039), Min D (OR=0.102, 95%CI: 0.010 to 0.995, P=0.050) and LAR (OR=0.195, 95%CI: 0.052 to 0.731, P=0.015) were the independent relative factors. The area under the curve of ROC curve analysis of Min D, Max D, LAR, ELN and BLN were 0.679, 0.666, 0.561, 0.650 and 0.820, respectively. BLN was the best CT index to diagnosis lymph node metastasis, while the accuracy of dignosis of lymph node metastasis of BLN was 97.0%. The Youden index of Min D, Max D and LAR were 1.25 cm, 1.64 cm and 0.77, respectively. Combining the BLN and ELN had a higher diagnostic rate (97.0%) of lymph node metastasis. Conclusions: CT has high diagnostic value for lymph node metastasis in thoracic esophagel cancer when the lymph node diameter is greater than 1 cm. BLN is the best diagnostic index for lymph node metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Linfonodos/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tórax/diagnóstico por imagem , Tórax/patologia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16488, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374010

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Intrapancreatic accessory spleen (IPAS) has been rarely noted radiologically because the spatial resolution of conventional images was low. The infrequent presence of the accessory spleen in the pancreatic tissue could lead to inappropriate diagnosis, thereby necessitating a therapeutic approach. The present study reported such cases and summarized the available imaging findings to reduce unnecessary invasive surgeries. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient's complaint was "a pancreatic mass was found for half a month." DIAGNOSIS: IPAS was eventually diagnosed by pathology. INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic spleen-preserving pancreatic resection. OUTCOMES: Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged from our hospital after 10 days. CONCLUSIONS: When an asymptomatic pancreatic mass is detected, the diagnosis of IPAS should not be excluded, especially if the lesion has the same imaging features as the spleen. As a definite diagnosis of IPAS is difficult by a single examination, multiple techniques might be essential.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Pâncreas/cirurgia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Baço/lesões , Baço/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16787, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441850

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of techniques with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients via a protocol for systemic review and network meta-analysis. METHODS: We will search PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar from inception to October 1, 2018. The reference lists of the retrieved articles are also consulted. Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 (QUADAS-2) will be used to assess the risk of bias in each study. The direct meta-analyses, network meta-analyses, and ranking of competing diagnostic tests will be used by STATA 12.0 and WINBUGS 1.4. Heterogeneity and inconsistency are assessed. RESULTS: This study is ongoing, will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal publication once completed. CONCLUSION: This study will provide a comprehensive evidence summary of diagnostic test accuracy in detecting the CTEPH, and can help patients and clinicians to select appropriate or best diagnostic test. ETHICS AND COMMUNICATION: No ethical approval and patient consent are required, because it is based on published researches. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019121279.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico por Imagem/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Meta-Análise em Rede , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Cintilografia de Ventilação/Perfusão/métodos
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16921, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441875

RESUMO

Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) continues to be one of the significant public health threats with significant morbidity and mortality. The present study was aimed to assess the clinical characteristics and chest computed tomography (CT) findings of smear-positive and smear-negative PTB in hospitalized adult patients.Hospitalized adult patients diagnosed with PTB by positive Mycobacterium tuberculosis growth on acid-fast bacilli culture from bronchial aspiration or sputum from 2015 to 2017 were reviewed. Only the patients who had chest CT within 14 days of the diagnosis of PTB were included. Medical records and CT images were analyzed.A total of 189 patients was enrolled. The median age was 62 years, and there were 118 males (62.4%). More than half of the patients had underlying chronic medical conditions (55.5%). The most common CT finding was nodular lesions (96.8%). The patients were categorized in 2 groups of smear-positive (n = 94, 49.7%) and smear-negative (n = 95, 50.3%). Between 2 groups, there was no difference in underlying medical conditions. However, there were more lesions of cavity, consolidation, bronchiectasis, upper lobe involvement, multiple lobe involvement, and lymphadenopathy in the smear-positive group. A predictive model for smear-positive tuberculosis was created based on the comparison analysis that had an area of 0.724 under the receiver operating characteristic curve. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, CT findings of consolidation (odds ratio [OR] 2.521, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.175-5.408, P = .02), lymphadenopathy (OR 1.947, 95% CI 1.025-3.696, P = .04), and multi-lobe involvement (OR 2.795, 95% CI 1.084-7.205, P = .03) were associated with smear-positive PTB.PTB patients who have chest CT findings of cavity, consolidation, bronchiectasis, upper lobe involvement, multiple lobe involvement, and lymphadenopathy may be at higher risk for smear-positive TB. A predictive model may be helpful for further assessment.


Assuntos
Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Escarro/microbiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose Pulmonar/microbiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Surg Clin North Am ; 99(4): 731-745, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255203

RESUMO

Primary hyperaldosteronism is an important and increasingly prevalent cause of hypertension that is characterized by unregulated aldosterone excess. More than 90% of primary hyperaldosteronism cases are attributable to either idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia or aldosterone-producing adenomas. The approach to the diagnosis of primary hyperaldosteronism should be step-wise, starting with screening of at-risk populations, confirmatory testing for positively screened patients, and subtype classification in order to direct surgical or medical management. Based on current guidelines, subtype classification of primary hyperaldosteronism should be determined with both imaging and adrenal vein sampling (AVS), reserving deferment of AVS for a selective subset of patients.


Assuntos
Adrenalectomia/métodos , Gerenciamento Clínico , Hiperaldosteronismo/diagnóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/cirurgia
16.
J Laryngol Otol ; 133(6): 501-507, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271349

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Prompted by a recurring skull base multidisciplinary team debate on the necessity of securing a definitive tissue diagnosis before initiating treatment for lesions of the orbital apex, a review of anterior skull base procedures over an 11-year period was undertaken. METHODS: Data collected prospectively on cases from 2006 to 2017 were analysed. Presenting symptoms, imaging and histology findings, outcomes, complications, and impact on treatment were evaluated. All surgery was carried out endoscopically with the aid of image guidance. RESULTS: Twenty-one patients undergoing endoscopic orbital apex and/or optic canal biopsy were included. The mean patient age was 49 years. Five malignant tumours were identified, five benign tumours, seven infective cases (two tuberculosis and five fungal) and two cases of immunoglobulin G4 related disease. Two patients had non-diagnostic biopsies (one lesional) and were treated successfully as Tolosa-Hunt syndrome cases. CONCLUSION: A successful diagnosis was achieved in nearly all cases without adverse impact, other than one cerebrospinal fluid leakage case. Management was directly influenced by the outcome in all cases.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Imagem Tridimensional , Órbita/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Endoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cavidade Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Nasal/patologia , Cavidade Nasal/cirurgia , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/patologia , Medição da Dor , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 12, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303957

RESUMO

Dysphagia is commonly seen after a cerebral vascular accident. It is rarely caused by lipomas of the retropharyngeal region which are rare benign mesenchymal neoplasms. We report a case of a 53-year-old man who presented with a history of ptyalism and dysphagia occurring after a brain stroke. Flexible nasal endoscopy revealed a pooling of saliva in both pyriform sinuses. Cervical and neurological examinations were unremarkable. Computed tomography (CT) scan suggested the diagnosis of retropharyngeal lipoma. The mass was resected by trans-cervical approach. The histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a retropharyngeal lipoma. The postoperative course was unremarkable. Although lipomas in the retropharyngeal space are rare, clinicians should evoke this diagnosis when treating a patient presenting with dysphagia, even if there is a medical history of cerebral vascular accident.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Lipoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Faríngeas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Lipoma/complicações , Lipoma/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Faríngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Faríngeas/cirurgia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16350, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305425

RESUMO

Most of the recent studies have used fixed tube current while few investigators use automatic current selection (ACS) with iterative reconstruction (IR) techniques to reduce effective dose (ED) to < 1 mSv in low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCCT). We investigated whether image quality of lungs as produced by a fixed tube current (FTC) of 35 mAs can be maintained with ED < 1 mSv produced by ACS with IR techniques in LDCCT. A total of 32 participants were included. The LDCCT was performed by a FTC 35 mAs (with a kilovoltage peak of 120 kVp) in 16 participants (Group A), and by a DoseRight ACS in 16 participants (Group B). Their images were improved by IR technique. The ED was estimated by multiplying the individual dose length product (DLP) by the dose conversion factor. The image quality was assessed by the CT number, noise levels, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the regions of interest in the apex, upper lobe, and lower lobe of lung regions in the CT images. A t-test was used to evaluate the LDCCT image quality between the groups. The ED was significantly 49.2% lower in Group B than in Group A (0.71 ±â€Š0.05 mSv vs 1.40 ±â€Š0.02 mSv, P < .001). However, noise level, SNR, and CNR were not significantly different between Groups A and B, indicating the image quality was similar between two groups, or our setting parameters for DoseRight ACS with IR technique can achieve the image quality as good as obtained on the FTC 35 mAs with IR techniques. Our results suggest that the DoseRight ACS with IR technique reduces ED to lower than 1 mSv (averagely 0.71 mSv) yet maintains an image quality as good as produced by FTC 35 mAs with IR technique in normal BMI persons. The ACS setup thus is more preferable than the FTC to achieve the ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle.


Assuntos
Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doses de Radiação , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Automação/métodos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Eletricidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 144, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303916

RESUMO

Obturator hernia is rare. It occurs when part of the pelvic contents protrude through the obturator foramen. It is a diagnostic challenge in the emergency department since the signs and symptoms are non-specific. It often occurs in elderly, emaciated and chronically ill women. The clinical picture include intestinal obstruction with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. The treatment is only surgical. Delayed diagnosis of this condition usually leads to a high mortality rate. We report the case of an 83-year-old woman with a strangulated obturator hernia. The hernia was discovered early by computed tomography and was treated by emergency laparotomy. We emphasize on the rule of CT scan to establishing a prompt preoperative diagnosis of an obturator hernia, appropriate planning of surgical intervention and thus optimizing the outcome.


Assuntos
Hérnia do Obturador/diagnóstico por imagem , Laparotomia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diagnóstico Precoce , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Hérnia do Obturador/cirurgia , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia
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